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THE KANSAS CITY JOURNAL, SUNDAX OCTOBER 3, 1897-
A CHAT -WITH THE WOKLD'S GUEAT
PROFESSOR SIMON NEWCOMB.
his amnions ok ivonic axd his
IIis"Work nn the Murni mid tlii I'lnnct
Figuring in 1'iirln During the
Commune Future of As-
Washington. Oct. i I spent an even
ing: this week with the most eminent of
tho -world's astronomers. Irofessor Simon
Newcomb is to the scientists of Kurt-pa
a far more interetluR man than tho pres
ident of the United States. Tho leading
foreign universities have conferred hon
orary Uegrees upon him. the greatot of
the worMV seientUic societles Isave pre
sented him with sold medals for hU agro
nomical work, ami his booVs sire u.-eil In
the chief universities of England and Ger
many. There- is to-lay not an astronomer
living who tiijes not bae his calculations
upon Newcomb's. tables of the movements
of the planets and the moon, and there, it
not a, ship that sails tho seas that is not
guided by his measurements of the solar
It is indeed difficult to give in common
words a-conception of Professor New-
first realized that you had more than ordi
nary ability as a mathematician?"
"1 do not know that I can." was'the re
ply. "I began to study arithmetic when
I was 5 rears old, and at 0. I am told, was
rery fond of dolus' sums. At 12 I was study
ing algebra, and about that time I began to
teach. I remember that I was 13 when I
Ilrst took up Euclid. There was a copy of
It among my father's works. It was. I
think, the one which belonged to my grund-f.-Uher.
I took it down one day and got in
terested In it. I there got my first idea of
a mathematical demonstration. Thebook
delighted me. It opened a new world of
thought, and I remember I explained it
to my brother by demonstrating some of
tho principal theorems, drawing the dia
grams with a pencil on the ends of the loss
of a pllo of wood. There was not much
chance for a boy in Nora Scotia, how
ever. The people were very poor. Nearly
every family made Its' own clothes. The
men and boys sawed lumber and cut wood,
and the women and girls sheared the sheep
and wove tllo wool into homespun cloth.
There were but few books, and until I
was Z 1 had never seen a college pro
fessor." "You can hardly Imagine how simple the
prople aie there." broke In Mrs. Newcomb,
with a laugh. "Wo have visited Nova Sco
tia, and found that the reputation of Pro
fessor Newcomb has pone about among
the people with whom he used to live. I
remember hearing one woman say: 'I hear
Mr. Newcomb spends all his time. looking
ut the Mars, and that he really gets paid
money for it. too. "
"How did you happen to come to the
United States, professor?" said I.
"I came to seek my fortune." was tho
reply. "I began as a country school teach
er on tho eastern shore of Maryland. The.
people there were more advanced than
thoe among whom I had lived In Canada,
but not much. - I taught reading, writing
and arithmetic for a year or so, and then,
through the kindness of Joseph Henry. I
was appointed ono of the computers of tho
Nautical Almnnac, and thus began the real
work of my life."
IIoiv n. Teacher Got Famnnx Friends.
"Hoy did you becomo acquainted with
Professor Henry?" I asked.
"It was through a mathematical calcula
tion. It was, I think, some algebraic prob-
ft J3NHr !
. PROFESSOR SIMON NEWCOMB.
combs work. It might also be said that
he has weighed the planets, has held his
stop watch on the motions of the moon, and
through his mathematical genius has given
us a set of instantaneous pnotograps of tho
greater heavenly bodies as they speed on
their courses through the regions of
space. Think of the most difficult al
gebraic calculation you have ever attempt
ed, flpnaglne it to be a thousand times
harder than it is, then take tens upon
tens of thousands of such calculations
"worked over and over again until absolute
accuracy is assured, and you have a small
part of the details of the work of Profes
sor Newcomb. Think again. Suppose you
had to travel the world over to get the
records of astronomers for hundreds of
years back to form the basis for such cal
culations, that you had to work them over
yourself to seo if they were correct, and
then to recompute and recalculate them,
according to a. new set of conditions as
to the heavenly bodies, which you your
telf have discovered, and you hive another
part of the labor this man has done.
Much of this work was performed dur
ing the leisure ho had while acting as
computer and superintendent of the Nau
tical Almanac, which for years has formed
the chief gulde'to the shipping of the
world, and tho calculations for which re
quire enormous labor. He Is, in fact, tho
xiercuies oi mamemaucai astronomy.
Professor Newcomb's astronomical suc
cesses have also extended beyond his gen
eralizations and deductions based upon the
observations of others. He has traveled
from one end of the globe almost to the
other to get the best views of tho stars.
Now he is In tho Saskatchewan region of
British America watching an eclipse of the
sun. now you And him at Gibraltar noting
the motions of the moon, and now his tel
escope is pointed toward the skies at the
Capo of Good Hope.
rrofessor Ncrrcomb at Home.
Professor Newcomb lives here at Wash
ington in a three-story red brick house on
I street, just off of Sixteenth, in what is
one of the most fashionable parts of the
city. He has a fine library on the first
floor, the walls of his workshop, from lloor
to celling, being filled with books. In
his collection there are many rare math
ematical works. Among others, he showed
mo a Euclid which was printed ten years
before America was discovered. The dia
grams and initials are beautifully made,
and the Ink, notwithstanding its 4u0 years,
is as black as that of the newspaper in
which this letter will bo printed.
Professor Newcomb does the most of his
work in his library. Ho works with his
family about him, and many of the mo.-t
difficult calculations have been made while
Ills wife :ind daughters were chatting to
gether in tho same room. He has, you
know, now retired from his labors for tho
government, but at CJ ho Is intellectually
as ablo as he has. ever been, and he tells
mo the work he has laid out for himself
will keep him busy for ten years to come.
Just at present he is completing his tables
of the planets, upon which he has been
busy for a number of years.
I found Professor Newcomb exceedingly
modest. In fact, had It not been for the
assistance I got from his wife and his
daughter, Mrs. Anita Newcomb-McGce.
who were present during our conversation,
I doubt whether he would have said any
thing about himself or his work. As it
was, he deprecated all allusion to himself.
was anxious to give others credit, and
would not acknowledge thnt ho had done
anything wonderful, nor that his works
had entitled him to the thanks of the
world. The information I got came in
piecemeal In response to many direct ques
tions. I have taken the liberty of rear
ranging it as it Is given In the following
The Beginnings of nn Antronomer.
I first asked Professor Newcomb whether
his mathematical ability was a matter of
inheritance. He replied:
"I don't know. I have studied my an
cestors somewhat to see, but have failed to
find any of them, who, during the past
two centuries, have been college graduates.
One of mv grandfathers was a stonecutter
by trade, but he. owned a cony of Euclid,
and tradition credits him with the posses
sion of unusual learning. My father was a
"You were born in Nova Scotia, were you
"Tcs." replied Professor Newcomb, "but
my family came first to New England
alone about 1600, and it was just before tho
Revolution that the family moved to Can
ada. It was thrn that I spent my boy-,
hood, and there I lived until I came to the
Hnlted States to seek ray for.tune."
"Co you-reratrnber, professor, when you
lem. It was new. and I thought it might
be worth publication. I sent It to him, and
asked him to tell me if he thought It worth
publishing. He submitted it to one of his
friends, who was a mathematician, and
this man said that while it was original it
was hardly of ralue for publication. Pro
fessor Henry wrote me a kind letter re
garding it. When I next went to Washing
ton I called upon him, and later on he se
cured me the appointment. The Nautical
Almanac was then published at Cambridge,
and while at work there I was'ahle to at
tend the Lawrence Scientific school, and for
the first time had access to the best books
upon scientific subjects. Later on I was
appointed professor In tho nary, the office
of the almanac was moved here, and I was
assigned to duty in the naval observatory
Method of Work.
During the talk I asked Professor New
comb to tell me something of his habits of
lie replied: "I don't know that I have any
peculiar methods of working. I have sev
eral rules; one Is to go to bed early and stay
there as long as I can, another is to eat
well and to take plenty of time to it, and
a third rule Is to get In as much time for
amusement as I can. wnat.i nave left aft
er this I u;-e for my work." '
This statement of Professor Newcomb as
to amusement, however, should be taken
with a grain of salt, for what may be
amusement to him would be hard work to
many other men. For Instance, not long
ago he referred to astronomy as his profes
sion and political economy as his relaxa
tion. He has written some very important
works on political economy. In 1863 he pub
lished a book.entitled "A Critical Examina
tion of Our Financial Pejloy;" in 1877 his
"A, B, C of Finance" had a large sale,
and his book on "Political Economy," pub
lished in 1SW. is used in some of the schools.
He has written other school books of
various kinds, and a year does not pass
that he does not gire one or more scientific
addresses. Mrs. Newcomb says that at
times in bis life he has worked rery hard.
Said she: "When he was computing the
changes of the moon he would often keen
on until he was tired out, when he would
say. I must hare a nap before I can do
anything more. .Wake me in fifteen min
utes!' He would then lay his head down on
the table and go to sleep. Sometimes he
has slept that way with his head on my
shoulder, going back to his calculations
after a few moments" rest."
As a rule, however. Professor Newcomb
Is very careful of his habits. He goes to bed
regularly, and when his hour for retiring
comes he excuses himself, no matter who
may be calling upon him. For years his
nights were spent at the observatory, and
he has had to adopt the most rigid rules
to preserve his health.
In l'n r In In the Dnya of the Commune.
When Professor Newcomb was a very
young man he discovered that the calcula
tions of the astronomers as to the move
ments of the heavenly bodies were based
upon wrong premises, and could not be ac
curate. In order for any good work to be
done the researches and work of years
would have to be gone over and made
right. This work was so enormous that
nny one else would not have dared to at
tempt it. Professor Newcomb not only at
tempted, but carried it out. He was in
Europe engaged In examining the records
of the great observatories at tho time of
the Franco-Prussian war, and at its close
went to Paris to make his calculations
there. lie entered the city just at the end
of the siege, Mrs. Newcomb being the first
English woman to come into Paris after its
capitulation. Then the horrors of the com
mune came on. and for six weeks Professor
Newcomb figured away in the observatory.
Part of the time the windows were rattling
with the fire of the musketry outside, and
In going to the observatory he had to pass
the barricades in the streets. Think of fig
uring amid such surroundings.' Think also
of the power of concentration of mind need
ed to do tho figuring required: The obser
vations ho used for his work were those
of the astronomers running back through a
period of 200 years. Ho had to go over their
calculations to seo if they were correct.
He had to seo If the clock they used was
right, hy estimating from the position of
the stars what the time must hare been
to a second, for a clock five minutes out of
the way-would hare mada all of the work
useless. As an example of his skill in such
work he was not long ago looking: over
an ellpse observed somewhere In the. North
ern Pacific about 100 years ago by some
Russian astronomers, when he said: "That
must be wrong. Their watches must have
misled them!" and upon figuring he found
that they had made the mistake of a day
in the date of their observations.
When I askwl Profess-or Newcomb as, to
tho danger of his .work In Paris at the
time of the commune, he said it had been
much overestimated, and that he was not
at all molested thcro during his labors.
I asked him if ho enjoyeuV mathematical
He replied: "Did I not, I should never
have made it my life work."
Something: About TelcNcopcs.
Professor Newcomb probably knows as
much about telescopes as any man on
earth. It was ho who superintended the
construction and mounting of the great
telescope of our naval observatory in 1873.
This telehcope had a diameter of twenty
six inches, and It was for some years the
largest telescope In the world. Later on
the Russian government wanted a tele
scope. Arrangements were pending to
ward making a contract for its con
struction in Europe, when the Russian
commissioners i-ent to the United States
to get the advice of Professor Newcomb.
He replied that tho best telescope maker
living was in the United States, and the
rtsult was that the commissioners camo
here, and Mr. Newcomb introduced them
to Alvin Clark. He supervihed the con
tract and the making of the great tele
scope, which they then ordered. For his
services In the work the czar sent Pro
fessor Newcomb a mngnlllcent Jasper vase
on a pedestal of black marble. This vase
now stands in the parlor of Professor New
comb's home, and ho seems more proud
of It than of his monument in the adjoin
ing library, consisting of volumes upon
volumes of books and tables of which "he
is the author.
It was Professor Newcomb who superin
tended the mounting of the Lick telescope,
and he will, I am told, make an address at
the coming celebration of the putting up of
tho Yerkes telescope during the present
Wo Still Hnvc Good Telcscopemukcrs.
I asked Professor Newcomb whether the
United States .could keep its reputation as
the maker of the best telescopes, now that
Clark had died.
He replied: "Who can tell? It may bo
that we shall turn out as good Instruments
as in tho past. Brasliear, of Pittsburg, is
making as line glasses as any Clark has
made, and there are now other places
where good lenses are ground. There are
now also some good telescope makers in
."What are the qualities needed in a good
telescope maker?" I asked.
"There are many things," replied Pro
fessor Newcomb. "I sometimes think that
the successful man In this, as in some
other professions. Is born, not made. He
must have the most delicate perceptions
and must be accurate in his calculations.
There are parts of a lens which must not
vary the one-hundredth thousandth I
might almost say, the one-millionth of art
Inch in thickness. The glass must be of
the purest quality, and it must be ground
just so. air. Clark was a genius in such
matters. He began life as a portrait paint
er and made small telescopes for amuse
ment. He soon began to grind lenses for
a livelihood, and it was found that his
lenses were the best that were made. He
went on until in this branch ho surpassed
"But, professor. Is it easy to tell whether
a telescope is correctly made?"
"Yes: all you have to do it to look
through it at the stars. If they are clear
points of light the glass Is good; otherwise
"Does the difference in the size of the
diameter make much difference in the
power of the instrument?"
"Yes, the greater the diameter the higher
"What astronomical work are you now
engaged upon?" I asked.
"I am going over my tables of the plan
ets. I shall finish my work of their revi
sion within a few weeks."
"It seems to me, professor, that you have
dono enough to take a rest for the re
mainder of your life. How long do you ex
pect to continue working?"
"I cannot tell." was Professor Newcomb's
reply.' "I shall keep on until I stop. I en
Joy my work and I hope to do a great
deal more of It."
Original AVorlc In Astronomy.
"Is there much original work now being
done in astronomy?"
"Yes, indeed. Good work is being done
all orer the world. There are more good
astronomers now than ever before. One
of the greatest troubles I found in making
my computations for the Nautical Almanac
years ago was that I haa to do all tho
work myself. Now there are many men
who can make such computations. In my
recent work I have been helped by my as
sistants at the observatory. Indeed they
should have a part of the credit for- much
that I have done."
"Do you think that we will ever know
much more than wo do now about the
stars?" I asked.
"Yes. we are learning1 more right along,"
"Is there any good reason to think that
the stars are Inhabited?"
"That is a question," was the reply.
"There is no proof that some of them may
not be. There aro some of the planets,
such as Mars, which we are led to believe
bare all the conditions which would make
life upon them possible. Whether there are
beings upon them to do not know, and if
there are we do not know if such beings
aro like ourselres."
FRANK G. CARPENTER.
HIm Method of Teaching1 Art nntl the
Study of Suture Thought Etch
I cannot hope to describe the delights of
those evenings. Twice a week John Ruskin
positively beamed; he devoted himself to
those who garo themselves sincerely to
study. Ho taught each of U9 separately,
studying the capacities of each student,
says Good Words.
We drew a plaster of paris ball, giv
ing the intersecting shadows of a score of
gaslights; then a small plaster cast of a
natural leaf. After that he went to nature;
a spray of dried laurel leaves, a feather, a
bit of spar to show the lines of cleavage;
every kind of natural structure. He soon
encouraged us to color, warning us that
gaslight altered all the values, but saying
that color was too delightful to be fore
gone. For one pupil ho would" put a cairn
gorm pebble or flourspar Into a tumbler of
water, and set him to tratfo their tangled
veins of crimson and amethyst. For an
other ho would bring lichen and fungi from
Anerley woods. Once, to fill us with de
spair of color, he brought a case of AVest
Indian birds unstuffed, as tho collector had
stored them, all rubles and emeralds.
Sometimes It was a fifteenth century Goth
ic missal when he set us counting tho
order of the colored leaves in each spray of
the MS. At other times that we might copy
a square Inch or two of herbage and Iden
tify the columbines and cyclamens. Ho
talked much to tho class, discursively but
radiantly. I think I remember that in poll
tics and religion he leaned to order rather
than progress. I have a delightful
memory of an architectural evening, prin
cipally given to French Gothic, comparing
Amiens, Rouen and Beauvais. He reprint
ed for us a cHapter from tho "Seven
Lamps," with all the illustrations "Notes
on Northern Gothic." On another night he
introduced to us Alfred Rethel's work, es
pecially the weird "'Audi eln Todtcntanz."
Ho was hard to please, I remember, in
engraving. Etching ho thought frivolous.
He told us If we got to like large, cross
hatched, finished prints after Corregglo or
Raphael wo were lost, unless we forthwith
sold, or, -better still, burned them.
But Albert Durer was his favorite master.
We copied bits of the great and smaller
passions, tho "St. Hubert" and the "St.
Jerome." But of course the pole-star of his
artistic heavens was Turner. One by one,
hn brought for us to examine his marvels
of water-color art from Denmark Hill. He
would point out the subtleties and felicities
in their composition, analyzing on a black
board their lino schemes. Sometimes he
would make us copy minute portions of
a "Liber," somo lino of footsteps, or the
handles of a plow. Ho would not allow us
to copy Turner in colors, saying that would
como -years after, at present nothing of
these but line.
On formal occasions he did not speak
well. His stylo was overelaborate and par
adoxical, but on these evenings he talked
divinely; wo wero carried away by the
current of his enthusiasm. Often his sub
ject was poetry, and then he was never
tired of praising Scott.
Although I have reason to think he was
at this time privately suffering, he seemed
delighted with his class. His face would
light up when he saw a piece of honest or
delicate work; It was, perhaps, his greatest
fault as a teacher that he was sometimes
too lavish of his praise.
EMPEROR INSULTED HIM.
YALE'S PRESTIGE DAMAGED.
Owing: to Athletic Defeat, Increase In
Students Isn't Proportionately
So Large n 'Formerly.
Tale university will begin Its ISSth year
Thursday. Tho total number of students,
it is estimated, will be about 2.S0O, or 200
more than last year.
The fact that tho Increase is not pro
portionately as great as In former years
Is ascribed to Yale's defeats In athletic
games and the late "hard times." The
academic department will contain about
1,300 students this year, as against 1,237
last year. The larger proportionate ad
ditions in membership will be In the de
Snrtments of law, music apd graduates.
Icnrly a third of last year's fresltmen
will be freshmen still, having been dropped
a year for low standing.
. There are no changes In the faculty of
note, and no new buildings will be opened
this fall. Sbuth Middle hall will remain a
landmark for years. .
THE LATEST STORY OF WILLIAM
II.'S BLACK EYE.
Lieutenant von Hahnke Struck His
aiujcsty When lie Made a Ilrutal , .
Rcmnric About the Lieu
It is a piece of personal gossip. more than
serious affairs of state which is most dis
cussed just now in circles usually-interested
In International politics. Eversltlce the
German emperor received a mysterious
black eye during his summer yachting
cruise a variety of jstorleshovo been alloat
about the circumstances of the so-called
accident, says a cable dispatch to the New
It has been known In well-informed cir
cles ever since the week following that
the death of Lieutenant von Hahnke,
LIEUTENANT VON HAHNKE,
Who Blacked the Eye of Emperor William.
shortly after the Incident," "was the 'direct
sequel to tho affair. "He unquestionably,
committed suicide,, despite the semi-official
assertion that he was killed- by. accident.
The first rerslon circulated was that he
was technically responsible for tho mishap
which made it possible for jl alsloyal block
to swing from alqft and lloor the Imperial
master of tle yacht. The emperor hqd de
nounced him before the crew In unmeas
ured language. The .young officer had'tak
en Iris disgrace so much to heart that he
rode off on his bicycle next day and killed
But another, and more serious version of
the affair is 'now accepted 'as the truth
by persons in Berlin and elsewhere whose
sources of information are of tho very
best. One of Emperor William's peculiari
ties is a certain contempt for women,
which he often makes no attempt to con
ceal, and. even seems rather proud of his
disparagement of women as inferior to
men. This has been the cause of more
than one unpleasant Incident.
The emperor was in an unusually super
cilious mood on the day of the Incident.
He was talking with a group of officers
on 'the deck of his. yacht. Among them
was Lieutenant von Hahnke, who was a
son of General ."von Hahnke, one of the
most prominent officers in the German
army. The emperor, without the slightest
regard for tho young man's feelings, pos
sibly forgetting his presence, made a brutal
remark about the mother and wife of the
general. The young man was terribly in
censed, and without a moment's hesitation
confronted his sovereign and knocked him
down with a terrific blow with his fist in
tho eye. -
There was awful consternation for the
time, but the details of what happened
hare not been learned, except that ,no at
tempt to punish the young officer was
made. It was speedily realized that It
would be impossible to .deal with him by
ordinary legal or military methods with
out the result that Europe would ring with
the scandal, in which the sympathies of
the public would be entirely wlth"the;t:hiv
alrous lieutenant. Nevertheless, his pros
pects, of course, were ruined and he soon
learned that his father and family were
also to be involved In the imperial ven
geance. It is not surprising that' under
the circumstances he decided to take' his
own'life, as "he undoubtedly did so. This
sensational story, oftcourse, would be de
nied If attempts were made to substanti
ate It. In the highest quarters It is accept
ed, however, with full credence by those
who have the means ' of 'knowing the-facts.
and considering tle many minor points of
to trace any disrespect In his uttered words
or In the manner of the speaker, who yet
surrendered none of the claims as a prince
of the church. While claiming many added
thousands to his flock of late years. Car
dinal Vaughan summed up tho present sit
uation tersely by saying that multitudes
had so far swung around that they were
more than half way to Rome. Any ono
watching the drift of religious practice in
England knows this to be the case. The
cry of "No poperv!" is heard no more in
the land; indeed, the very word is dead.
RACING IN MOSCOW.
Vlvia and Interesting Description of
u. Characteristic Russian
It-is a racing day In Moscow. The course
is swept free from snow and follows the
wooded shores with red-painted railings on
each side. "On one ,sido is a stand, with
seating room for several thousand people
and a special box with tent hangings tor
the governor general, surmounted by the
imperial eagle in gold. In front of this
box. lower down, you seo the prizes, con
sisting of gold and silver cups, vases and
ornamental pieces, nil In Russian style and
taste, says tho Badminton Magazine.
A. bell rings; the course Is cleared by
.mounted gendarmes, and now the compet
itors in due order take their places in front
of the stand, but not side by side, as they
always start from opposlto sides of tho
course, with heads also turned in opposlto
directions. The usual racecourse hum and
noise of the betting men are heard, and in
crease in volume as the bell rings the sec
ond time. They are oft! nnd tho fascina
tion of rapid motion, open air and stren
uous exertion throws its spell over the as
sembly, high and low. for trotting is cer
tainly the most fashionable and beloved
snort in Russia. You cannot recognize peo
plu just yet: tho great fur collars are
raised and reach over the fur caps, leaving
only' red-tipped noses, beneath which ap
pear never missing cigarettes. The ladles'
heads are almost entirely coveted with
woolen wraps, so here again you can only
guess who Is who. To a stranger not In
vesting his money in backing his opinion
as to winners the game might seem monot
onous enough, as the horses do not finish
side by side, but in the way they started.
Y'et the Russians think differently and.
besides. Is there not plenty of wodka and
caviar to bc.had between the races?
Single horses are pitted against each oth
er, drawing light little slijlghs, in which tho
driver is seated very low down and far
away from the horse, owing to the long
shafts, intended to give the horse perfect
freedom of action. A whip Is not used, but
on tho reins are metal buckles over tho
quarters, which are employed Instead, and
almost all horses run without blinkers.
Sometimes a horse is attached to the
sleigh on one side of the trotter.jwho is
between the shafts; he is the pacemaker,
and gallops tho whole course, whereas, it
need not be said, tho trotter must not
break. Then follow pair horses, harnessed,
and lastly troikas with three horses, some
times four abreast. Troikas are very bar
barously gaudy and clumsy things to look
at, but exceedingly comfortable all .the
DOCTORS' FEEslN RUSSIA.
They Are Exceedingly. Low ,1-Fence
Is aTot an Uncommon Charge
Russia Is not a country to which physi
cians who find it difficult to make a sufli
cientincomo should bo advised to emigrate,
says Pearson's Weekly.
The fees are exceedingly low, and twenty
kopeks, or about threepence. Is not an un
common charge for a patient to pay who
goes to the physician's consulting rooms.
On the other hand, it must be remember
ed that there are many men, even in Lon
don, who are content to take fourpence for
a consultation, and the writer is acquainted
with a doctor having the double qualifica
tion of the college'of surgeons and the col
lege of physicians, who does a sixpenny
practice and Is not only perfectly satisfied
but thinks himself, far better off than many
of the men with whom lie went to college
who are eking out a scanty existence in
better class work, and earning far less
money than he docs.
This sixpenny fee, smalt as It Is, not only
Includes advice, but a certain quantity of
medicine as well, sufficient to last for two
or three days.
BETTER DAYS FOR THE JEWS.
The Present Czar Treats Them With
Such, Tolerance Thnt They Do Not
Wish to Emigrate.
No more striking evidence of the religious
toleranco and enlightenment of the present
czar could be furnished than the announce
ment that the widowed Baroness HIrsch
has given directions for the winding up of
the scheme for the emigration of Russian
Jews to the Argentine republic. It has
been decided that the balance of the funds
r .. J
' ' , EMPEROR WILLIAM II. OF GERMANY.
The Latest Version of the Accident by Which He Received a Black Eye Is That
He Maligned an Old , Army Officer and His Wife, and Their Son, Lieutenant von
Hahnke, Struck'Him in" the Face.
confirmation which are current, there Is a
strong probability that It is substantially
"NO P0PERY"CRY DYING OUT.
English, Tolerance of Catholicism
Thought to Be Warming, Even
Were any sign, needed of the great in
crease of late years In tho power and pres
tige of 'the Roman Catholic church in Eng
land it would be afforded by the striking
scenes enacted this week on the Kentish
coast, writes 'Harold Frederic in New York
Times. In the early days of ictoria and
even at a much later date, there would
hare been a violent "No popery I" cry at
the mere Idea of an open-air procession
heaaed by two cardinals and seventeen
bishops In full canonicals. Yet such a. par
ade took place not only unmolested but
greeted with all the signs of reverence and
respect last Tuesday at Ebbefleet, near
Minister, on the spot, now about half a
mile Inland,-where St. Augustine and Ms
monks landed som thirteen centuries back.
Hard by Is a cross marking the place
where .Aucustlne. held a conference-with
Ethelbert. Cardinal VaugHn delivered an
diplomatic ability of this churchman. The
fact that the Anglican bishops a short
time back had made a pilgrimage to the
samo place, -with a similar- object, created
a delicate situation in which a less able man
might easily, have stumbled. But It would
be difficult for the most rabid Anglican
remaining in the hands of the committee
of management of the enterprise will be de
voted to the establishment of technical and
industrial schools in Russia, where the He
brews are now so well treated by the au
thorities that they have no longer any
object to emigrate.
americang1rls IN PARIS.
Their Opinion of Frenchmen Is Very
Uncomplimentary, Says the
Across the drawing rooms and library,
looking on the court, runs a balcony. In
the warm season it is hung with climbing
vines 'and under its awning the girls gather
to read or chat. Let us join a party of
them and purely in the spirit of scientific
investigation listen to their conversation.
We will probably be entertained as tp the
latest salon success of so-and-so's great
work of art, says the Chicago Post.
"For my part," a fluffy iaired blonde is
saying, "I think it's simply disgusting the
way these Frenchmen follow you about and
talk to you. I never had a strange rann
speak to me at home, but here the very
first tlmel walked through the Luxemburg
gardens a man began to talk to me ahd he
followed me way home. After I hud
slammed the door on him I actually cried
from sheer rage."
"Yes,that's the worst of It," said the girl
In a-shirt waist. "You feel so helpless and
all the time you are simply tingling to
knock 'the creature down. I know a girl
who hit one of them right in the face with
"I thought I was homely enough to escape
notice.'' spoke up a, plain faced girl, "but It
doesn't seem to make nny difference. I
suppose they stare at me because they see
It annoys me."
"I'll tell you what I did the other day,"
chimed in another voice, "when a man per
sisted in following me, and talking French
to mo. I suddenly turned on him with
righteous wrath and said in English: "I
don't understand you at all and wish you'd
leare me alone; I'm an American."
" 'Oh,' he said, 'vous ne parley-pas
fra'cals, pardon,' and he turned on his
"Well," exclnlmed another votary of high
art. "I got tired of one of them tagging
aftor me ono afternoon, and I took several
sous out of my purso and offered them to
him. Girls, you should havo seen the ex
pression on the fellow's face; ho left me
A pretty dark-eyed girl next took the
floor. "I've been In Paris so long I suppose
I've got used to tho Idiots, and learned to
Ignore them," she said, "but I distinctly
remember my first experience. A man, well
appearing enough to know better, walked
by my side for a long uistance. He kept
saying. In French, of course, 'Oh. made
moiselle surely speaks French; talk to me
just a little: you understand me, do you
not?' I said nothing until I reached my
door. and then I faced about and gave that
fellow such a lecture as I guess ho never
had before. 'Yes,' I said. 'I do understand
French, and speak It. too. and I want to
tell you what a nuisance you are and how
we girls despise you. In America men havo
something better to do than to follow
strange women about, and they are too
polite to inbUlt them.' Girls, 1 can't begin
to tell you all I said to that man. I don't
expect It reformed him. but it was an im
mense relief to my feelings."
PRINCESS OLGA'S BED.
Room In Which It Stood Devised as
the Sanctuary of the Loveliness
of a ltunnlnn Princess.
At Petcrhof, writes Mrs. Crawford in
London Truth, M. Faure slept in a bed
THE TIME IS NOW RIPE.
SAYS THE PltETEXDnrt'S REPRE
SENTATIVE, TO CROW.V CARLOS.
History of the Cnrlists anil Their
CInluiH Don Carlos Is a Patriot
He AVIll Not Precipitate
ly Engage In Action.
Rafael Dlcz de la Cortina, who repre
sents in the United States the interests of
Don Carlos de Bourbon, the "pretender"
to the Spanish crown, had his attention
called to an interview with Don Carlos'
Englisti representative, the Earl of Ash
burnham, cabled to the New York Herald,
In which the earl was quoted as follows.
"The Carlists are standing in an attitude
of close watchfulness, and are ready to
act when tho appointed hour Is struck.
Everything is working in favor of Don
Carlos, who cannot himself remain idlo
amid an unparalleled concurrence of favor
Don Carlos has for years been a pictur
esque figure in Spanish political life, duo
to the persistence with which he has main
tained his claim to the throne of Spain.
Three years ago he was married at Praguo
to the Princess aiarie de Rohan, a descend
ant of the former kings of Brittany. His
first wife, a princess of Bourbon, had died
a year before.
Don Carlos is the grandson of the Don
Carlos who. on the death of his brother.
Ferdinand VII., of Spain, in 1S33. protested
against the abrogation of the Salic law.
confirming the inheritance of the throne
to males, and claimed the crown as against
his niece, Isabella, in whose hands, the
reins of government were placed. He Is
49 years of age. handsome, and over six
feet in height. Since 1S69 he has made sev
eral efforts to secure what he believes to
be his royal Inheritance by force of arms.
DON CARLOS DE BOURBON. CALLED "THE PRETENDED
His Representative in the United States Says That He May Soon Bo Called to tho
Throne of Spain.
arranged for the first Grand Duchess
Olga Nlcholalevna. She was the youngest
and the handsomest of the three beautiful
daughters of Nicholas I. Versailles was
the model on which Peterhof was built.
The bed is like that of Louis XIV. In.
having a canopy, but is curtained In soft,
thick creme silk. Opposite the foot Is a
mirror framed with Sevres porcelain flow
ers. The grand duchess, sitting up in this
bed, could see herself In it. Lying down
aui; i;uuiu ajau uuuLtriili'iaLe iitri ucduuiui
person, for the alcoved ceiling Is faced
with mirrors, also set In garlands. Olga,
in her visits to Russia as princess or queen
of Wurtemburg, dwelt in this suite of
rooms. Their arrangement shows they
were meant for a beautiful woman, and
that, her father intended they should bo
Her wedding dress was preserved there !
until tne aeatti or tne ismpress Alexandra
(Charlotte of Prussia) in 1S60, when it was
taken to Stuttgart.
THE LOVABJ JAVANESE.
They Are One People of Asia. Besides
the Japanese "Who Have a neal
Charm for Aliens.
Native life swarms in this land, of the
betel and the banana, where there seems
to be more of inherent dream and calm
than In other lands of the.lotus. The Jav
anese are tho finest flowers of the Malay
race a people possessed of .a civilization,
arts and literature in that golden period
before the Mohammedan and the European
conquests, says the Century.
They have gentle voices, gentle manners,
fine and expressive features, and are the
one people of Asia, besides the Japanese,
who havo real( charm and attraction for the
alien. They are more winning, too, by con
trast, after one has met the harsh, unlovely
and unwashed people of China, or the
equally unwashed, cringing Hindu.
They are a little people, -and one feels
tho same Indulgent, protective sense as
towards the Japanese. Their language is
soft and musical "the Italian of the trop
ics;" their Ideas are poetic, and their love
of flowers and perfumes, of music and
the dance, of heroic plays and of every
emotional form of art, proves them as In
nately esthetic as their distant cousins, the
Japanese, In whom there Is so large an ad
mixture of Malay stock. Their reverence
for rank and age. and their elaborate eti
quette and punctilious courtesy to one an
other, are as marked in the common people
as among the Japanese; but their abject,
crouching humility before their Dutch em
ployers, and the brutality of the latter to
them, dre subjects for sadder thinking, and
something to make the blood boll.
STARVED TO SAVE GOLD.
John Iluppert's Money Was Hidden In
the Pillow on Which He
John Ruppert, a miser, 67 years old, was
found dead in his squalid room at 23) Hum
boldt street, Brooklyn. His body vras
wasted almost to a skeleton, for he would
not buy himself proper food. j
Hidden in the pallet of straw on which .
his old head rested wero $1GS in gold In a j
bar. Possessing that amount," he had j
really starved himself to death. Ruppert
had been confined by illness to his wretch
el bed for three weeks. A week ago some
of his neighbors went to him. They saw
he was dying for lack of nourishment.
"In heaven's name, man, why don t you
buy ,food?" they asked. ;,.,..
"I I have no money, gasped the fast
expiring man. ... , .. , . ,
Dr Gardner, who lives in the .neighbor
hood, visited tho old man and prescribed
"You need food moro than medicine,"
said the doctor.
I have no money, .uibnertu jvui'iieri,
with ?16S in his pillow. "You need not
come again, doctor, I have no money to
pay you." '
"Ruppert was old and feeble," said Mrs.
Mutz in whose house he lived, "but he
might have lived for years had he not
been too mean to buy himself food. 'No
one knew he had money. He always plead- i
ed poverty; said he hid not a penny.
"Yet a few years ago he twice went to
Germany on pleasure trips. His life was
insured for $100. He gave me his Insurance
policy ahd made me promise I would see t
him decently buried."
TJie money, that was found in his pillow
Is now in possession of his son. Albert,
his grandson, will be sent to an orphan
asylum, lor his father cannot support him. I
and he has an enthusiastic following,
whose loyalty has stood frequent and cru
When asked for his views on the present
outlook for Don Carlos' success, M. de la
VDon Carlos personifies his 'fatherland,
Spain. In the image of a man. His ad
miration and worship of his people are un
bounded. Ho firmly believes In their fu
ture triumph. It was his conviction that
all that the Spaniards required to be placed
In the front ranks of nations was a chief
who would be able to Identify himself
with them. This steadfast belief has Its
roots as much In his heart as in his head.
With him It is an instinct born of mature
reflection. In the case of Senor Canovas
just the opposite was true, and as senti
ments are generally reciprocal this explains
the extraordinary unpopularity of the lat
teran unpopularity which through him
has Infected the regency to such an extent
that It will be the cause of Its death.
"I made a prediction that Don Carlos
would I e king .-.f Spain by January 1, 1S9S.
Inexorable fate, the force of circumstances.
will now have to accomplish that which
his patriotism has kept him from attempt
ing. It Is pertinent to' note the character
assumed by the conferences which are to
convene at Venice, between Don Carlos
and his co-operators, who are assembling
just now at Lucerne. Switzerland, notable
among whom are the Marquis of Cerraldo,
Don Carlos' delegate In Spain; the illus
trious and brave veteran. General Don
Alvaro de Maldonado, Count of Gallana.
representing the Carlist army, and the em
inent .jurist and unrivaled orator of the
Spanish parliament, Don Juan Vasques de
Mella. These conferences are to be con
ducted with the greatest deliberation. As
X. have said before. Don Carlos' patriotism,
will not permit him to take advantage of
the evil hour of his opponents, nor to avail
himself of. the tremendous force of volun
teers, 100,000 strong, who are now ready
nnd eager to mass themselves Into a con
quering legion to conduct the rightful heir
to the Spanish throne to the place of his
Inheritance, in the Palacio Real, at Madrid.
"The American public." added Mr. de I.i
Cortina, "may rest assured that Don Car
los will not precipitately engage In action,
nor will he take any steps unless it be to
aid his country in the hour of her dire ex
tremity, and to rescue the nation from the
turmoil into which the present administra
tion has thrown It. Besides the support of
the masses of the Spanish populace, among
whom Don Carlos has always been much
idolized, he can now count on unlimited
resources with which to conduct his cam
paign. When one considers how, without
these material resources, so necessary in
emergencies of this nature, Don Carlos was
able in 1S72 to wage a campaign of five
years against forces which greatly out
numbered his own. the issue of any strug
gle of the present time cannot remain
doubtful to any intelligent observer."
ARISTA PITIFUL STORY.
Has Been a, Heart Broken "Wanderer
Since Discovering His
I AVife's Sin.
John Barrett was arrested at Mount Ver
non, N. Y., on the charge of vagrancy.
His big, blue eyes had such a piteous ex
pression when he was brought Into court
that Justice Shatz asked curtly, "What'3
the" matter, my man?"
"I am a vagrant, sir." was the response,
"but please let me go on my way. I don't
want the disgrace of a cell."
"Havo you any way of gaining your
"I'm an artist."
"An artist?" queried tho Judge in sur
prise. "Yes," said Barrett, and producing a stub
of a pencil, he picked up a piece of paper
and in a twinkling had drawn an excellent
sketch of his honor.
"Well, you are an artist, sure enough;
you can make a living."
"I don't want to. I hare no ambition
noyr. I used to make a comfortable living:
doing crayon work. I could make money
by sketching likenesses on the rdad. but.
judge, I haven't tho heart. My wife, sho
was beautiful and faithless. One night I
saw indisputable evidence of her sin. The
man was big and powerful. We fought,
and he threw me out of a window. That's
why I'm crippled.
"My heart Is broken, I'm toq manly to
take ray life. I just wander on and on until
night falls, and I am so tired I fall readily
to sleep and forget my sorrow. Judge,
don't lock me up. In a cell I'd be unable
to forget tho past: I'd go mad."
"You are discharged.1' said his honor,
hurriedly picking up the sketch and look
ing at It vacantly.
Barrett said he had loft his home, la
Pittsburg, a year ago, and had been .
wanderer ever since.