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16 THE KANSAS CITY JOURNAL, SUNDAY, OCTOBER 31, 1897. OLD INDEPENDENCE HALL if U THE HISTORICAL BUILDKVG TO BE COMPLETELY RESTORED. Original Roof Still Intact Platform on Which Washington Stood la Found An Old Sinn Points Oat the Fitting. Old Independence Hall at Philadelphia, Is to be restored as near as possible to Its original condition. The Phlladelphlans who are engaged upon the work of restoration have been made exceeding glad by the dis covery that, purposely or accidentally, the wreckers of the era after the Revolution were not quite unconscionable vandals. -An "Improver" Still Living. At Devon, a little place In Chester coun ty. Pa., not far west of Philadelphia, has- been found an old. old man who worked at some of the most destructive .alterations made on the state house. He was hunted out and taken to the state house, and the Eight of the old building brought back to his memory tho condition of things when he took hold of the work of "Improve ment." He told how vwlous rooms looked and how they were furnished, he found fireplaces In seemingly solid walls fire places that had been bricked over, and that In taking out the gngs disclosed the orig inal tlnely carved wood arches and the blackened backs. The renovators were as surprised as de lighted to Itnd that though mantels had been removed, thy were still doing duty as door lintel?: thnt when It became neces sary to put in new window sashes they were placed Inride tho old ones and the email panes preserved; that the original shingle roof was there, even if it had been covered by h modern tin one that would not leak; that the. same care had been tak en of the floors on which the patriots trod, the new flooring being laid" over the old; that tho old clock faces, when they were taken out, were given to a church to care for. Where Washington Stood. The old boards of the platform on which "Washington stood when taking the oath of office as president for the second time were found, but so worn and weak were they, that. Instead of their being put down anew, they will be saved and their exact repro duction laid. The picture gallery and the museum, which occupied either side of the first floor, will le removed to pet-Revolutionary chambers, and the rooms In which they havo been so long will be put back to the condition in whiehthc continental eoncress beheld them. Doors.-whlch. likefireplaccs,'i naa teen ciosca wni.be openea. ana uoors T'hlch have ben cut-through will be bricked COWS TO WEAR BUTTONS. A European Custom of Marking Against Tuberculosis to Re Adopt ed In California. The Journal a few week3 ago had the picture of a cow with earrings marks used in Belgium to distinguish cows that fire in good health Now It appears that a similar method of marking is about to bu adopted in Cali fornia. It will differ somewhat, however. In the application; for instead of the ring a button will be used, thuti giving the cow r. chance at the prevailing fad. Those cows that are In good health mun bo decorated with buttons, whether they will or no. Arrangements have been made by the health authorities of Alameda county, cm., to submit the cows in all dairies of the county to the tuber culin test, and those that pass tho tcs successfully will hav a small silver buttoi attached to the en as a badge showing . " I4lru in'iiiiii.v iviiui- tion. Cattle that can not pass the test will be killed. mm o?3" ?rs-fw BOUNTY JUMPERS' TREASURE. Hidden During- the "War Xenr a Little Canadian Village Ornier Sever Returned. A buried treasure. Us value as yet only guessed at, has been located near Jeanetto Creek, a small village near "Windsor. Ont. It was placed there during the civil war b bounty Jumpers.who would not trust to banks. Gut, instead, secreted their mon ey in the earth. Searchers arc actively, though secretly. at work looking for the hidden gold, and alreadv a considerable amount has been re-cc-cred. Jeantte Creek is about thirty miles from the frontier, and offered unri--v.iled advantages for the men who left Canada for the money of Uncle Sam, but who remained in his service only as Ions as it was necessary to wait for an oppor tunity to get across the boundary line again. Tho selection for Jeanette for a hiding place was made by a band of young men who left far the United States shortly after the beginning of 1S62. Many of them re turned, stored the money they had received and went south again for another bounty. This operation was repeated many times "'is i t n : --ift i'"- 3v '-C t , " fJl -W , V,-,t . ; ; t II 111 . ' . THE OLD STATE HOUSE AS IT APPEARED IN 177G. up. The fireplaces on either side of the president's platform in Congress Hall, and which had been filled, will be made to yawn Just as of yore. The floors will be taken up and replaced by the broad boards of colonial times. The colonnade which sep arated the supreme court chamber from the main hall is to be reproduced. The roofs of the wings on either side of the main hall will be lowered to the orlginnl height, and the old, narrow paned win dows put in. Tho banquet hall, altered into the council chambers, will be restored to Its original glorious proportions. Two of the six lamps which used to hang between tho windows on tho Chestnut street side have been found. They had glass sides and wrought Iron tops. They will be replaced, and four others like them mado and set up. The tower is ten feet higher than It was in Revolutionary days, but it Is deemed Inadvisable to lower it. The. bell and the clock and the old dial cases will be put up just where they used to be. The door way to the tower, which is now disfigured by a row of Corinthian columns and an arch, will be made to look as it did when the bellringer pealed out the glad tidings of Independence and whn he proclaimed the fall of Cornwallls. The oldi oak door has lieen found under the tower staircase, and It, wlth'the fanlight, will be replaced. As to the color of the walls. It will be a Colonial bun, and there Is great scurrying around to the places; where the real old colonial uniforms are to find Just what hue the colonial or continental buff was. Dele gations have gone to Washington to get the exact shade of the lapels of continental coats, and it looks as If- buff were to be the fashionable color In the Quaker city this winter. DIGS COAL AT104 YEARS. Remarkable Vitality of Mrs. James Mnloy, of Xe-tvklrk, Pn. Mrs. James, Maloy. of Ncwkirk, Pa., clalms'to be JOlyeqrs of age, and papers In her possession near lout her cljim. She was born"; In jthe Soutlf of Ireland in 1703, but has spent nearly all her life in Ameri ca. She Is nble ,to perform all domestic duties as-easily as a woman 75 years her Junior: She reads and sews, but her eye sight Is poor, and she wears spectacles. She spends pnrt of her time gathering coal from the neighboring -banks, and is able to carry two well-filled "buckets to her home unaided. "i- during the war and the hoards multiplied in value and In number. But before the war was concluded a num ber of these bounty Jumpers found it im pcsslble to leave the army and met death on the field of battle. That reason is now given in explanation of the fact that so much of the hidden treasure has never been recovered by its rightful owners. The secret of the hiding place was well kept for years. Suspicion was at first aroused by- the sudden affluence of several nearby farmers. The soil there is unpro ductive, and the Unexplained wealth caused so much gossip that by and by a hint of the truth leaked out. Then the search be gan. Unusual precautions are observed in renchlng the field of operations. Darkness' li chosen for the" work, and In one or two instances when it Is known hat gold was found every precaution was token to re move all traces of digging. HOIST BYJDYNAMITE. .; A Workman Standing Over the Blast In Lifted rally Forty Feet, and Cntehcs Arm of n Derrick. , Nobody ever got off a burning deck qulcK e than did a workman who stood on the planks btldging a big hole on Thirty-third street, just east of Broadway, New York! thn other day. Somebody touched off a charge of dynamite in the hole beneath", and witli a "Let er go," there was roar and a crash, and the bridge, platform and workman went flying through the air1, broken fragments of the rail playing an anvil chorus on the ribs of the astonished laborer. What goes up must come down, and In due course of time the shower or lumber and stones was over. Even-thing came back except the workman. "When the dust had cleared away the workman was seen clinging to the arm of a derrick that was swung over the hole, forty feet from the ground. A wild yell went up to know if he was hurt. The workman only shook his head and gathered his tattered clothing about feint. He came down the derrick rope mind over hand and fell Into the arms of a white-faced contractor. Tho man's escape was really a marvel ously lucky one. Somebody snid the chat-go was premature. The dnamite. however, hcldcs wrecking the bridge, tore a big hele in the street, which the descending debris promptly filled up. THE OLDEST OLD MAID IS 1Q4 YEARS OLD Miss "Mary Xnjl Crothers, of Philadelphia, Disputes the Claims of All Other Ajjed Wcmen Who Have Never Married. The Journal published not long ago the story of "Aunt" Betty Dowllng. of Sparks vllle, Ind., who, it was claimed, was tho oldest maid. Miss Mary Ann Crothers, of Philadelphia, disputes .Aunt Betty's claim. As she can prove that she is 104 years old three years more of life than the Indiana spinster her claim seems good. Miss Crothers objects to having other people wearing honors which she says rlght u"y bejons t? ,,ler-?"r..she ls "t at all backward In claiming the honor of being .tit; uiuwk uiu iniiiu living, i in? nonor has been claimed recently by several aged women, and Mis Crothers' appearance be fore the public is duo entirely to this dis cussion. She was silent when asked why che had remained single. Once only did she ever hint at n reason and that was several years ago to her grandnlece. She had been silent for a long while one afternoon, gazing out Into tho street, when suddenly she said: "He was a bright young fellow. I thought that we would be happy, but I guets that was not to be. But that is my business," and never since has she sld it word that would disclose the reason for remaining sin gle these JOt years. But shS has been happy and is happy and cheerful in her old age. "Aunty Crothers." as she ls affectionately called by all those who know her. was born In County Derrv. ircland.-on the I7th of -August. 173J. The entire farilly was re markable for Us longevity. Her father died nt the age of K.', her mother at the'age of E5 years. " When Miss Crothers was 40 .years old she came to America and lived for a number of years in Philadelphia. She then moved to Omaha. Neb., returning to Philadelphia In 1S2, and has llvrd there over since. Hrr mind is apparentlv as clear as it was half a century ago. and she recalls with remark able accuracv public occurences of sixty vears nast. Her health ls excellent nnd hna been so throughout her whole life. Several years ago she was sick for a day or two and her physician bellewJ she-would not recover. She did, however and was out of bed and around the house within u week. One year ago hhe fell down stairs during the night. Her grandnlece, SalUe. for whom she has a particular fondness heard her nnd placed her in lied. "1 dldnt hurt myself, Salllc. I'll be all right to-morrow" she said. And she was. Physicians say thnt coffee drinking ls detrimental to health, but "Auntv Crothers" is a living refutation of such a theory, for she has been a. coffee drinker ail her life "I must have my coffee," she Mld,,"nnd I like it good and strong." She is especially fond of candy, nnd nothing In this line delights her so much as a box of chocolates Her agility and energy arc surcrfehit;.. THE MYSTERY OF A PENNSYLVANIA HERMIT. He Lived and Died Unknown in the Woods of Clearfield County His Home Escheated to the State. ' i- A man who for forty years lived alone and unknown In a little hut In Clearfield county. Pa., has recently died. His patch of cleared land and the hermitage have escheated tc the state because no heirs could bo found. Tho stories agree that he was a Philadelphlan and a man of sin gular education and refinement. It was before the war that he first came a stranger into the region, a man of mid dle age. who held apart from his kind until he was very aged, and he died alone Ir. his hut. a mystery, as he had lived. All this happened, even unto the lonely deathbeJ, when tho men and women who are now in rriddle age were children or unborn, and during tho war the exiled Philadelphia must have been past the age of usefulness for military service. Even the name by which he was known is no longer well re membered, for he was seldom seen In the ettlements. and did not invite visitors. ' About his ghostly personality strange egerds cluster. It is extraordinary in tho first place when you think of It that his estate 'was never claimed, thnt the com monwealth was forced to become hlsTitlf-al-Iaw. A few settlers knew him a Bar low, because this was the- name he once gave when found hurt and helpless under a fallen tree. He was carried to his hut, and there courteously but emphatically re fused nny further aid, and wrought out alone his own cure. An old farmer of Knox township at that time entered the cabin, and was one of the few that ever passed its door. He saw rough shelves piled high with books in elegant bindings, a d'sk or table of hewn slabs In a great disorder of man uciipts and papers, and in a corner many strange vessels of glass and the appliances of a laboratory. OH .paintings In massive gilt frames were on the' mud-chinked walls. All the other furnishing was that of the pioneer in the wildernes-s. The hermit cleared a patch of tillable ground irt the forest, and the corn Hint he raised by the sweat of his brow, and the game thnt fell before his old muzzle loading rifle were his frugal living. His ax, hoe and gun were the tools of his live lihood, and Thoreau might have learned lessens from this recluse for the experi ment of AValden pond. There is u story that the man was a philosopher who sought In vain the magical art of the transmutation of base metals Into geld. Hunters and lumbermen coming honv; through the woods in the Into night saw the cabin lit up as by a great fire within. Through the cracks of the log walls and the wooden window shutter poured red lines nnd blotches of light -which cou'.d not have been made by the fire on the hearth, and the wattled chimney poured a torrent of black smoke and sparks In a long, low, drifting trail against the star-lit sky. In tho little stream which ran near fiy were found, miles below, dead fish floating:, which apparently had been killed bv pois onous acids or other chemicals In the water. But In those days every settler had trouble enough to look after his own affairs, nnd the hermit was nottoo close ly Investigated. Perhaps, his uncanny reputation was a powerful defense against Intrusion. It is certain, that when at last he was found lying dead In his own door yard there was little more to be learned than in' his life. In the clearing among the blackened stumps of trees which dotted the corn rows were found also the dead ashes of whnt had been a fine big bonfire. Charred fragments of books heaped up, the smashed and splintered fragments of picture frames and bits of glass, and melted scraps of metal were in the pile of embers and ashes. The interior of the hut had been stripped of everything save the rude bunk, bench and table and the Implements of the back woodsman's living. Every scrap of per sonal property which might by any possi bility tend toward an identification had been destroyed. But In a furrow, whither It had been swept by the wind from the firo, there was discovered a charred and yellow scrap of paper, on which the only legible words were " clety of the Cincinnati" and In tho corner , " adelphla." This much ls known, and the only clue ever discovered. From this it would seem that the recluse iiad been a member of the distinguished and exclusivo Society of "the Cincinnati, and had been a resident of Philadelphia. The scrap of paper was not forwarded ro the headquarters of the organization, as should have been done. It wa3 carried away -by a roving timber agent, and the existenco of it hns come down only In the stories of those who saw, and heard of it at the time. It ls not even surely known whether the scrap was a fragment of the parchment certificate of membership or a bit of a letter which may have contained these words. In one glorious conflagration had been swept away nil that might have revealed to the world tho whereabouts and manner of disappearance of one who must have been at some time a' distin guished figure in affairs. For moie than a generation he tolled In his little clearing- and among his books and Instruments, and was as far removed from the world as- If he had flown to another planet. If he had sought this morbid iso lation to achieve some great literary work, reveal some momentous discovery In sci ence, then all this long lifetime must have been a sad failure. For naught of the products of study and research was left behind. The thought of. such a failure la crushing in the immensity of It. If in the early life of this strange man there .had been some black deed or terrible weight of grief or disappointment that drove him to hate the sight of all men, how unlimited ls tho field for romantic and tragic Imagining. The facts known, that this cultured and intellectual man of brilliant attainments, probably a resident of Philadelphia, fled Into the backwoods of the lonely mount ains of Clearfield county, thus lived alone for nearly forty years, and obliterated, when ho knew thnt death was nigh, all that linked him" with his past: these are sufficient to outline a remarkable mystery, which can never be revealed. The hermit achieved his purpose. THE TREASUREJJF A RECLUSE. Money nnd Mjstery Connected With the Death of Henry 15 ii rsh ii ni. Money and mystery are connected with the death of Henry Burghum, "the Sprlngdale hermit," who was found on the tracks of the Pittsburg & Western rail road. For years- he had lived at night and slept by day. For months at a time he spoke to nobody, and where he got his food is not known by the neighbors. He owned property, nnd last Thursday was seen counting a large roll of paper money. But only a meager hoard of J2G In nickels and coppers has been found. It Is believed the bulk of his cash is hidden around the house or burled near the railroad. Stories of why he kept himself so far from the world hint at dark crimes in England, where he came from. His relatives cannot yet be traced. Tho hermit has lived in the samu little two roomed house at Sprlngdale, Pa., since he came to this country in 3871. At that time he bought the lot. 40x150 feet, on which his house stands. Since then ho has never been known to work. The poor authorities refused to take him because he owned nrnnertv. What he irnt he begged. Nq food or cooking utensils were tounu in tne noue alter nis aeatiu. Burghum had been in the habit of lock ing his house from the Inside and leaving through a window when he went out at night. Tho door had to be battered down. In a cup on the mantel was a lump of cop per pennies, stuck together by verdigris, tfnder the dirty ticking on the bed were canvas bags filled with coppers and nickels, all smeared with verdlcrls and wranned In paper, t One, gold sovereign, a silver dollar ana two natves were tne Diggesir pieces in the 'lot. "An. old trunk wrapped with ropeH' was broken open. Fine clothing of tnovstyle ox. nail a century ago was iounu, and' finely knitted tidies, women's night cajlfe and large English handkerchiefs still lh the wrapping In .which they had been sold. Itee.eims for his urooertv. for school taxes, for clothing bought in 1S74 in Bir mingham England, for a headstone for Ann Webb, supposed to be his sister, who was burled at Wordsley. England; for poor taxes In Stourbridge, England, and a marriage certificate for the marriage of Ann Burghum and a William Webb mar ried in Dudley, ingiana, in ivo were found. SOME RURAL .MEXICANS. A "Writer Thinks There Were Great Possibilities In These - " People. From Mexican Letter In Zlon's Herald. Thesa-people' are very primitive. It was a curibupi thing to see the administrator "pay oft thc'jmen They gathered In the yard and waited for thelr names to be called. Some of them do not know the figures, so they hai-e a set of signs which are placed along the line after their name on tho book, according to the amount due them for work. The clothing of these men consists of cotton pants, a shirt of the same material, and a red blanket for their shoul der?. When a storm comes the pants are rolled up as far as they will go and the brown legs nro oposed to the elements. A traw capo protects the back. It Is in geniously woven so that strips of the straw ham, in regular ros- on the outside like a fringe, and the water runs off as It ddes from a duck's back. While we were at dinner one day an old man camo to the door. He had on a tat tered "zerapc" and wore sandals. These consist of a piece of leather the size of the sole of the foot, with a strap wound from the large toe around the ankle the same pattern, probably, which was worn In the Savior's time. He used a heavy stick for a cane. My husband greeted him In an endearing manner, ns they had met heforc. As I roe to bring a chair the old Indian said, with a very low bow. holding his old straw hat In his hand, the red handker chief remaining In the crown of it, "I am a very rustic man, I know nothing of po liteness." Yet there was an intelligence and a dignity of bearing that commanded respect. He is beloved h" all these people, llefcre this part of the forest wns cleared, in his Journeyings from place to place, overtaken by night, he has often slept un der the orange tree below here. He has charge of settling boundary lines for pur chasers of sections. As he sipped n cup of tcft and ate the American tea cakes we offered hini. he repeated verses of poet ry which he had written. The thoughts were grand and lofty, and showed great power of original reasoning, though the language Was not that of u scholar. Mv eyes filled with tears when I thought of what misfit have been the capabilities of theso poor ppople. -had they been brought under proper Influences. THE, FIRST TO WEAR TROUSERS. Worn First to Make a Captive Appear Kldicnlous Tctriens the First to Wenr "Pants." From tho Pittsburg Dispatch. Tetricus, the barbarian, was the first gentleman to wear trousers. He had no heart In. tho inauguration of tho nrw fashion; he simply had to do it. Aurelian, the Roman, had captured Tetricus on one of liis raids, and determined to carry him in triumph to Rome as one of the spoils of conquest. To make the captive appear as ridiculous as possible he was arrayed in a two part garment which, in Boston might have been called "pants." Instead of appearing ridic ulous, Tetricus seems to have made "a hit," for the garment he wore slowly but surely grew In favor with the people of Rome. We might find the origin of many customs in the same way. It is known that Charles VII. of France wore a long coat to conceal his crooked legs. Not all the French were crooked, but coats became fashionable nevertheless. Tho process by which Peter the Great put civilized clothes on his uncivilized subjects had more meth od in it. The gates of the towns were, hung with garments of the new fashion, and the people were obliged to adopt them or bo publicly punished. A Ills Contract. Tho annual contract for carpets for United States government buildings has Just been awarded. It will keep one of the largest mills In the country busy for sev eral months. THE LAST OF THE CORNSTALK INDIANS. She Had the Secret of the Location of a Hidden Lead nine, and the Question Is, Did She Reveal It? Near the village of Bainbridge, N. Y., has stood for years a little dilapidated cabin, which has been pointed out to visitors as the most historic spot in the vicinity. It was the home of "Aunt Polly" Graves, a remarkable woman and the last of the Cornstalk Indian, who once were In pos session of tho valley. Tho very oldest inhabitants cannot re member when Aunt Polly Graves first ap peared on tho scene. They all aver that when they "came to town" Aunt - Polly lived on Potts' hill, and' in the same old cabin, .which looks about the same now'as It did when they first saw It. This is the universal statement' of the old people of the vicinity, and they believe that ''Aunt" Polly was fully the 112 years of age that she claimed to be when she died. Aunt Polly's death'had been expected for some time, but she clung to life with a wonderful tenacity, 'and did not give up until she was unable -to 'take nourishment. f If Iff'. if ill III ' Tho deatli of Aunt Polly was looked for ward to with a great deal of Interest, as sho was possessed of one of tho best kept secrets of the Point valley the location of tho big lead mine from which the Indians secured tho lead for their bullets and manv other purposes and it wns said that she had confided the secret to certnin par ties, with tho promise that the search for the mine would not be commenced until after she was dead, and burled. Aunt Polly used to say, when approached on the sub ject, that she would never disclose the lo cation of tho mine to anv white man, and now that her race was nearly extinct and from the fact of having kept the secret so long, she would never tell It. For years she was importuned to tell what she knew about It, and some very fascinating In ducements wero held out to her, but she scornfully rejected all proposals, saving: "It I should betray the trust Imposed in me by my noble Cornstalk ancestors I should never expect, to meet them again In the happy hunting grounds, for I know that the Great Spirit would not receive me. I shall never tell the secret, come what may. and no on can tear it from me. though they should cut me in pieces. Tho Cornstalks never knew pain or fear." And- now that Aunt Polly has gone, it re mains to be seen whether she has given the Information which will lead to the dis covery of the famous lead mine. . Aunt Polly Graves was a wonderful wom an In more ways than one, and while .she preferred to live alone and isolated, she was pleased to havo" people call on her, and the many who went to her cabin came away highly entertained with stories and legends of her tribe. She possessed a won derful knowledge of told time history, and a remarkable memorv. Aunt Polly claimed to be the last full blood representative of her race, and seem ed proud of It. Her cabin was a veritable curiosity shop. The walls were decorated with old guns of the flintlock pattern, spears, bows and arrows, and on every side could be seen odd and crude shaped vessels, which .she used for cooking pur poses. A fortune teller, too, of wide reputation, was Aunt Polly, but she did not make It her business. In fact,,she was flooded with applications by thewomen folk who wanted- to know about their future, but it was only occasionally that she would give way to the urgent requests of the many curious ones of her sex. When she attempted to read the future for people she first gave them n potion which put them to sleep, and those who went through the operation say that they had the most wonderful as well as most delightful dreams. In which they saw. their future. Aunt. Polly was a splendid shot with a ,riflc. and even at her great nge It is said thaUsho would take the old flintlock guns .that; were -loaded, at the muzzle with pow der and ball, go into' the woods and al ways return with some, squirrels or a rab bit or two. She was also expert with the bow and arrow and could throw a spear with wonderful accuracy. A striking figure in her old age. Aunt Polly must have been a queenly woman in her prime. Sho was very tall, erect and, notwithstanding her advanced years, wns remnrkablv active. Sho had eyes of Jet black, with that piercing fearlessness so characteristic of the Indian race. Her hair until within a -hort time was black, but ?i,tc r-sh0 5aseetl the century mark It rap idly turned to gray. Firmness and deter mination wero shown in every feature of her rugged face. There is no record that Aunt Polly ever- changed her mind after it w-aj once fully made up. while her re gard for truth is said to have been almost fanatical. Persons knowing the qualities of the pld woman's character express doubt that she ever divulged tho secret confided to her by her ancestors. MEN HAVE LARGEST HEARTS. Won Id Seem to Show They Conld Love More Than Women Do. "It Is customary to assert that women arc more apt to love than men, and tnat they love with greater passion," said the physician. "But, nevertheless, If the heart has anythlnjr to do with it, tho greater lc-e should bo that of the man. For a woman's heart is not as big as that in. the male breast. Men havo larger hearts. The average heart of a man weighs from ten to twelve ounces, while the average heart of 'a woman weighs two ounces !es- Nevertheless, in proportion to the whole weight 'bf the bodv, the woman's heart Is greater, for In the normal woman the heart weighs 1-119 as much as nil of the rest of her, while a man's heart is but 1-1CD of his total weight." Sqnlrrel Preserved In Amber. Nearly every one has seen a lly emblam ed Tjn amber. But files are not the only things found In the fossilized rosin. In a big mass of qlear amber, dredged up out ot the Baltic sea recently, there was dis- tictly vlsiblei In Its Interior a small squir rel, fur. teeth and claws Intact; How the little fellow- got so preserved ls a mys tery, -and will probably remain so. The Truth Was Xot In Him. From the Boston Transcript Fogg "Well, It's her own fault that he had the chance to treat her so. She ought to have known that he was a deceiver." Fenderson ' Why. she had not known him more than a week or two." Fogg "But ho told her that tho first time he tried to ride a wheel he Jumped right on and rode ten miles." OREGON SAVEDBY A MULE. The State Would Have Dccn a Tlritlsh Possession bnt for the Beast's Instinct. Dr. Marcus Whitman's horseback ride of mere than 3,000 miles from Oregon on his way to Washington, D. C, to Insist upon our government taking possession of Ore gon, to prevent it from falling Into British hands, is graphically described in the No vember Ladles' Homo Journal by George I.udington Weed. "More than once, indeed .;i-Viin'. ? uioijuuiiicy in ine wm- tcr of 1842-13. a winter of unusual severity " writes Mr. Weed. "Dr. Whitman leads the way through rivers whose waters arc frozen on cither side. Buffeting the waves pf roaming currents he plunges with his horse completely under water. Blinded by stcrm in every direction, he is compelled to remain ten days in a gorge. Hope dies even in his courageous heart. One thing seems inevitable the snow must bo his dying bed and winding sheet, nnd the moaning wind3 his dirge. Believing that hU life's Journey is ended, with that toward AVashlngton un finished, he dismounts, and kneeling in the snow he prays for Oregon and for her who in loneliness is praying for him, uncon scious of this special danger. '"Man's extremity Is -God's opportunity." So runneth the proverb which Dr. Whit man was not repeating when It was verified in a way suggestive of sudden transition fiom the solemn to the almost ludicrous. A mule, witli stubbornness stiffened bv the cold, yet with instinct preserved, po'inted with his long ears In one direction, then arother, as If seeking tho wav, and at last plowing through the snow, became a unique guide where tho human had failed, leading the despairing company through drift and canyon to the camp of the previous-night. That mulo also saved Oregon to tho United States." Science Confounded. From the Detroit Free Press. -"I know a tree," said the farmer to the learned professor, "what never had a leaf or bud, and yet they's nuts on It." 'Astounding, sir. astounding! No such remarkable tree has ever been found by the botanist.' What ls It?" "A axle-tree." First He Had Seen. From the Roxbury-Gazette. A man dropped his wig on the street and a boy who was following: close behind the loser picked it up and handed It to him. "Thanks, my boy," said the owner of the wig; "you are the first genuine hair re storer I have ever seen. He Agreed With Him. . From the Boston Transcript. Hendry "So you take stock in that yarn? Why. I wouldn't believe that story if I told it myself." Cow-gate "Well, In that case, neither would L" A BROBDIGNAGIAN BELL' Kins; llodnvrpnya's Tnnajueless -Wonder, Cast at the BetrinnlnB' of the Century. For some time past there has been a sort of dead heat between the two biggest bells in the world, the one at the cathedral In Moscow and the other at the unfinished pagoda of Mengoon, India, north ot Man dalay, across the river. If the former was tha bigger of the two, it was cracked, and therefore useless as a bell, while the Ut ter, though whole, has dragged Its sup ports down till it rested on the ground and would not emit a sound. Now, however, it has been reswung. and can claim atten tion as the biggest bell In working- order in the world. Last year, says the London Sketch, the Burmese community decided to have the bell raised, and employed the Irrawaddy Flotilla Company, limited, to do the work. The rim of the bell was first supported by huge balks of timber wedged in all around, and a. tripod erected over it to fasten the shackle to snd keep It upright. The old supports having been knocked away, two large Iron columns, twenty-five feet high, cast by the Irrawaddy company, wero erected, with concrete foundations. A large steel cross girder, with a distributing gird er on the top of It, was then passed through the shackle, and the bell was raised by screwjacks all around the wedges of tim ber, until the crossgirder could be placed on tho pillars and riveted in position. The screwjacks were then eased and the bell left swinging, with its lower rim about three feet from tne ground. The weight is about ninety-eight tons, tha circumfer ence at the base being fifty-one and one half feet and at the top twenty-six feet. It averages over a foot In thickness. The bell itself Is over twelve feet high, and the shackle, which was Intended for logs of timber, about twelvo feet. The pin in the shackle has a diameter of sixteen Inches. The bell was cast about the beginning of the century by King Bodawpaya as an ac companiment to the huge brick pagoda which he never finished. It ls said to have been cast on an Island and rafted across. No proper means yot exist for striking the bell, but when hit with a heavy piece of wood it gives out a deep vibrating boom. A BELL WITH A HISTORY. Taken Front the Guerriere and Used on the Constitution Sold for a Sons Apropos of the centennial celebration of the launching of the Constitution, a writer In the Boston Journal says: In the action of the glorious 19th of August, 1812. tho bell of the U. S. S. Constitution was shot away by the Guerriere. After that short and decisive action tho Englishman's crew, with some articles of value, was trans ferred to the Constitution. The shattered and sinking wreck was rolling heavily in the trough of the seat; 'the bell, tolling mournfully, attracted the attention ofthe officers in charge of the last boat that was to leave the English ship. He remembered that the Constitution's bell had been shot away, and ordered the Guerriere's bell to be unshipped and placed in his boat. The JSS PRINCE CHARLIE'S CHAIR. IT, "WITH OTHEll OF HIS BELOXG IXGS, SOLD AT AUCTION". Some Old Bells to Which Peculiar In terest Is Sow AttachedRelics of Burr's Bank Captain Jack's Rifle in the Mnscnm. Here is one of tho oldest chairs In tha world. It is a precious relic associated with the romantic career of "Bonnie Prince Charlio" of Scotland, and is now In Glas gow among a number of other heirlooms that havo in some way been connected with tho ill fated royal wanderer of Scotch fame. The black oak table at which Bonnie Prince Charlie dined the day before the battle of CuIIoden was sold for J1.D60 at the recent dispersal of the furniture and relics belonging to the Forbes family kept in Culloden castle. The table was bought by the Mackintosh, of Mackintosh, whose PRINCE CHARLES' CHAIR. clan suffered severely in '43. An antique cabinet brought J2.000. and an armchair carved from the "rebel tree." on which the Highlanders hung their kail pots the night before the battle. $650. The sale brought In 7.500. A Culloden medal that had been given to General Thomas Gage, aide-decamp of the Duke of Cumberland in the fight, and later responsible for Lexington and Bunker Hill, was sold In London for 41,150. CAPTAIN JACK'S RIFLE. The Weapon With Which Canity "Warn Killed Xow at National Mnseum. ' One ot the most Interesting relics which has been presented to the National muse um for a long time has Just been received there. ' It is the rifle which Captain Jack, the notorious Modoc Indian, used in his flght in the lava beds of Southern Califor nia, and it is thought to be the identical weapon with which General Canby was murdered while holding a parley with the chief unuer a nag- ot truce. e was . cacnea Jjne ar. THE CONSTITUTION'S GUERRIERE, BELL. Guerriere was set on Are and shortly afti ward blew up. The bell was saved a did duty toiling the hours of the watch on the deck of Old Ironsides. But the bell was sent to tho scrap he nnd sold for a song, among a lot of cu demned naval stores, some time betwe tho years 1812 and 1816. the old bell beii replaced by one of newer design and sma e" size. The purchaser was Mr. Stephe H. Smith, who took It to Providence ani placed It in the belfry of the famous tsu terflv factory In the town of Lincoln. I I , where it hangs to-day. Tho inscription on the oell reads as follows: Ale feci Pietre Seese, Amsterlodaml, Anno, 12! The bell weighs 167 pounds, and is in remarkable state of preservation. THIS DOOR YOU HAVE TO SHUT An Ingenious Invention of a Scotch man for Use Between Compart ments on Vessels. The Invention is Just announced of a door that ls never closed and never open. It ls the only door on earth that a person ls forced to shut behind him under any and all circumstances. Water cannot pass through it. nor around it, nor around the casing. It is the Invention of Alexander Kircaldy, of 'Glasgow, Scotland, and he has labored to bring It, to Its present state ot perfection for ten years. Primarily, this door ls intended for vessels, for its chief claim to distinction is that It is water tight. To the bulkhead where the doorls fitted is belted a hollow cylindrical casing. Within this hollow casing revolves a hol low cylinder, and there ls a. doorway to this cylinder. Now, when It Is desired to pass through this novel door the cylinder referred to within the casing ls turned so that the door therein is opposite one of the doors in the casing. When the Ingress doorway is ln-a line with a bulkhead doorway the passenger enters and stands on the bottom of the casing, and revolves the hollow cylinder by hand until he brings the in gress doorway into line with the second bulkhead doorway, which permits of egTess from the casing. The remarkable feature of this double dcor is. as stated, that it ls abslutely Im possible to leave it open, as one door must of necessity be eventually closed before tho other opens. The revolving cylinder ls hung on bail bearings and Is easily brought Into the position desired for In gress or egress. At the same time no gear, which ls so familiar to other water tight doors, ls required. Broolcllnc a. Rich Tom. The richest town in the United States is Brookllne. near Boston. Its population ls 17.000 and valuatlbn t60.000.000. yet It is gov erned through the typical New England town meotlng. It has a public library con taining 45,000 volumes, a $300,000 high school a $40,000 free bathing establishment and I spends $100,000 a year on its parks and well l shaded streets. Boston would gladly annex It. but Brookllne prefers to. go on as It is. I nnmrilntrnF aIi llfn rltt- thn nlnneiiroa rtt .wiuutiiiui) WVJ lite J144 bite jfiv-ou tj j the country, and no council on the metro- j Mflaawne was cached -tJhe lgaH HjjHHmummpiVbits politan plan. I-C Eneraved on one side of the barrel is the name of the maker. John Shuler, ot Liver pool, Pa. RELICS OFJJURR'S BANK. Some Wooden Blocks That Have aa Unusual History A Bank That "Warn Chartered as a Water Company. The New York Tribune says a curious dis covery was made a. few days ago by some workmen engaged In laying the new tracks for the underground trolley of the Fourth avenue railroad. At Center street, near Grand, the men found at a depth of about three feet from the surface a number of blocks ot pine wood, through which holes about an inch and a. half in diameter had been bored. No one could understand how the blocks came to be In the position in which they were found, or for what purpose they 'had been used, until one of them was shown to an old New Yorker. He recognized It at once as a section of the first water pipe system ever laid In this city. Apart from the archaic nature of the material used In the construction of the system, the history of the company which laid it down is In itself remarkable. In the early 20s feeling ngalnst national banks ran high In this city, and the only way In which Aaron Burr and his asso ciates, whes they wished to found the bank of the Manhattan company, could obtain a charter was by disguising- the bank as a water company. They contracted to supply part' of the city with water, and the charter for banking privileges was artfully con cealed In the water company bill. Of course, the contract to "supply water to the city hnd to be fulfilled, and for many years the old wooden pipes served to bring that ne cessity of life to the Inhabitants of what ls now downtown .New York. The bank is still in existence, and ls now located at 40 Wall street. By the terms of its charter It may be called upon at any time to supply part of the city with water, and It still mnintains a small reservoir In Center street. The plnewood blocks found near Canal'street are about a foot In diameter, and are still as sound as when they wero laid down. The Extremes. From tho Indianapolis Journal. "I saw a returned Klondlker this after noon." , ' "What was he doing buying diamonds or begging the price of a supper?" QUEEN VICTORIA'S OLDEST LIVING SUBJECT The oldest living subject of Queen Vic toria was M years years oia wnen sne was rrnvrn.il Thnt Tnnkes him 114 vears old. He is old "Daddy" Hall, and he lives In a little cabin In the Driving park at Owen Sound. Canada. Daddy Hall was born In the year 17S3. He is a halfbreed Indian and negro and in his youth lived with the Indians on Wal pole Island and the adjoining mainland. Although he most resembles the negro In features and hair, he is a thorough Indian In his habits and was known by the In dians of his tribe ns "She-ho-ho-hone" or "Big Smoke." About the year 1S00. the Canadian gov ernment, requiring an interpreter for the farm instructor of the Indians on the Cred it reserve, appointed young Hail to that position. Accordingly ho moved East with his squaw and remained In the government service until the war of 1812. when he was engaged as a scout doing good service un til early in 1813. when he was captured by the American soldiers and taken prisoner to Fort Meigs, from which he was released only when hostilities ceased. After the close of the war he made his way to Toronto, squatting on the lake front near the Humber river, where he farmed, fished and made Indian bark wood for a livinc On the breaking out of the Upper Canada rebellion he was taken a prisoner. Decem ber 5. 1837, and compelled to act as a guide to MacKenzie and his band. Ho was cap turer at Well's Hill on the Dovencourt road, near Toronto, and conveyed to Mont gomery's tavern, on Yonge street, whence he escaped by night. These are the most important Incidents of his long career. In the war of 1812 Daddy was pierced by a bayonet which left him lame in one leg. yet despite this he has been a most active man. and has always led an in dustrious life. He has now hl3 fourth wife and is the father of nineteen children, his eldest daughter being herself a great-great-grandmother. . When about 9 years of age Daddy lost his teeth and had become quite bald. About ten years afterward nature supplied him with a new set of teeth and a new head of hair, both of which he has to-day. ---.