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THE KANSAS CITY JOURNAL, SUNDAY, APRIL 3, 1898.
v-A VCniTAIILE FAX. ICE TO C1RRY
1 HER ACROSS THE cotim:t.
The Luinry of the Pullman Car Mel
lia and lis hcrvlces Gnormoui
Coat of Domestic Comfort .
If there Is science in sons, tnere Is science
also In railroading. Melba -n. Ill make a
triumphal Mart from Chicago upon her am
bitious tour across, the Rocky mountains
to the Pacific slope, and Including Kansas
Clt. conveyed like a queen of the royal
Wood, with the most luxurious of modern
railroad equipment. The diva Is like unto
others of htr charming sex, in that fihe
enjoys the comforts of as much domesticity
as can be Introduced Into her daily life of
conquest ever the hearts of tho -worshipers
at melody's shrine. Where er Melba elects
to live, there will bo found some womanly
evidence of tho lovo of home. Therefore,
when the fair ruler of the domain of har
mony elected to explore new fields of golden
promise and to salute tho anticipating ears
of thousands. In the boundless stretch of
"United States territory west of the great
Mississippi, sho liken iso elected to be con
cyed bejond the Father of Waters upon
a t ravelins basis In fcorae manner equiva
lent to her exalted state In the world of
An Kipmihe Roane.
Having so decided, Melba engaged the
counsl of the business director of her
fortunes, Mr. Charles A.I Ellis. The result
of their joint conferences and the co-operation
of tho Pullman company Is probably
the most delightful, luxurious and nomelike
dwelling place ever placed upon wheels, and
In this reul movAblc palaco of American
Ingenuity Nellie Melba will live.
- Tho rolling palace "Melba," named In
lionor of the fair cantatrice. Is a pretty
expensive houe to live in. Even If the diva
moves every day sho roust pav the rent,
the price per diem Is $jt a pretty tidy sum
for housekeeping to accommodate a party
of six; reckoned In dollars bv the jear it
will reach the total of J1S SO. The arbitrary
charge for moving this snug little house on
rollers Js the price of fifteen first cla-j rail
roa.l fares, "U hen the companv pets east
of Chlcaco. and St. Louis again, it will take
the frfTcc of eighteen tirst class tickets to
-rart the car. This makes a genteel Item
of &.5CU over the entire trip, with Melba
landed In New York rpadj to -sail for Eu
rope to open tho reason of grand opera at
the Covcnt Garden the 1st of June. It will
be seen that It costs more to move the
house on wheels thin It does to rent it.
Mcllin. Tins n Snbstnntlnl Appetite.
Up to this point we have only the fur
nished home and Its motive power. Now
comes the Incidentals If one cares to socall
food, chef, waiter, porter, maids, servants,
or the myriad of Incidentals that keep
Bwiilrg the roll of cxpcne. Tho singer
ha as deep an admiration fcr her chef as
the world of mu"Ic has for Melba. She
thinks he Is to other chefs what Jean de
Reszke Is to other tenors, and av for her
own waiter -veil. she calls him the
Kdouard de Reszke of waiter1 conveying
tho delicate compliment therebv. that ho
Imply dwarfs all other" Molba thinks
this Is the highest compliment she can pay
tho famous brothers, and at her Parlslal
nlon. she has often entertained the De
Rcszkc brothers singer-, with tho artistic
culinary productions of the De Reszke
brothers chef and waiter.
Fact, again, call attention to the cost of
these Incidentals; price per month, chef
tV): price ier month, waiter JTi. Then to
guard against any of. the thousand trifling
Incidents' that befall a traveler, and which
only experienced railroaders can obviate,
there Is a conductor for the "Melba" and
a sable and dignllled porter, who receives
visitors in the olxervatlon end of the car
with as much ceremony as President Mc
ICIn!e's dusky coadjutor does at the en
trance to the private office, of the chief
executive. There items consume respective
1 J73 and CO per month.
Now comes one of the chief Items, that
of food for even Melba must cat. and It
Is American dollars to Parisian centimes
that when she feels the bracing airs of
Colorado and the breezes that blow over
the Rockies, "he will eat as even Melba has
never oaten before There must be food of
every kind and quality the choicest.
Here is the Itinerary of expense on mat
ters that can be coldly calculated:
Cort of prime rar "Melba"... ttM
Cort cf trantimrtallon for tame , .......... 3.Zti
Senlrea of pergonal rhef (2 months) '400
Service, of personal waiter (Z month)
Serrlcea of conductor (2 months) ..... ...... ... j-
Serrlrea tf porter ti moatAsi jr,j
lee for entire trip , , . ri
Ccal for entire trip 400
Total . J7.TM
. Cost of too-!, wtnee and extras to be reckoned ac
cording to the appetite of the prfina donna and her
And now- comes the car Itself. Out of com
pliment to the diva the Pnllman company
has given It her title. It Is the very latest
output of the shops and the very extreme
of luxury In good taste and appointment.
' Mclba's boudoir Is In white and gold. She
leeps not in a folding berth like the great
traveling public who makes the building
of Pullman cars possible, but rests her
weariness upon Urn soft and vlelding ap
pointments ncessary for healthy sleep up
held by a massive brass bedstead. The de-
tails of the Interior of her steeping de
partment would make interesting reading,
for they are perfect. Then there are two
snug little rooms adjoining. In one of
which her companion sleeps, and In the
further her maids.
A few steps along the corridor and the
reception room opens Into the observation
part of the car. This coign of vantage
gives Melba and her party the opportunity
of seeing vast and magnificent countries
through which she will pass, as It can only
bo seen from tho observation car. The
finest type of a bijou grand piano occu
pies a small corner of tho reception room.
Ard with this as her companion. Melba
can beguile some of tho lours of travel,
which grow monotonous; or she can delight
her cempanions and such members of her
company as enjoy her Intimate acquaint
ance. In the center of the car is the dining
room. Like the rest of the "Mcloa," It is
par excellence. The snowiest of linen,
finest of cut glass, and brightest of silver,
and the keenest of steel, is at her service
here. Whether on plain, prairie, mount.Un
top or snow fields, Melba will eat with just
the same degree of comfort and enjoyment
as if she were at the dining t ible In her
own salon. To the forward end is the
kitchen nnd pantry: In fact, everything
that pertains to the science of cooking
and refrigerating, as well as quarters for
the chef and his assistant.
It has been estimated by some one who
claims to know that the privilege and en
jovment and luxury of Melbi's traveling
as no other prima donna ever dreamed of
traveling' will cost for the two months of
her transcontinental tour ifrom the time
she inaugurates it until she leaves the
movable home at New- York to take the
steamer for Europe) the snug and tidv trifle
of Jll.OW a considerable slice from the es
timated profit which the diva, witli a n lt
unl desire, expects to make from her jaunt
to tho Pacific and over tho big mountains
And vet. there Is economy In this and
sound business sense and judgment b lck of
it all. The danger of Illness, and the thou
sand trlfllrg ailments which may be of no
importance to tne ordinary mortal, but
which may Injure the greatest and most
fluent singing voice of all time, will be
reuucea to a minimum.
WOMAN DEPUTY SHERIFF.
She Is Miss Claire II. Ferguson,
Daughter of a Distinguished
0 l.tnli "Woman.
Miss Claire H. Ferguson, daughter of Dr.
Ellen B. Ferguson, one of the distinguished
women of Utah, Is a deputy sheriff In Salt
Lake Citj. Mis Ferguson was born In
Utah and educated at tho state universitj.
"I have erved as dcput slioriff since
last June,"said Mls Turguson to a corre
spordent of New York World, "although
I was not legallv qualified until last month,
when I attained mv majority. I am urder
!1 XO bonds. I hive charge of the civil
work, and at tho same time I am "tudjlrg
When asked about her duties as doput
sheriff and if thev were onerous or danger
ous Miss Ferguson replied:
"I am empowered to serve a writ of at
tachment or summons. Impanel jurors, ar
rest a desperado or officiate at the hanging
of an outlaw. I havo never had any ex-
perlence worth recording in shooting oft a
pistol, but If it is neccstrv. I suppose I
can learn this means of enforcing the
MIs Ferguson savs she cannot remem
ber the time when he was not interested
in politics and law. When her term expires
as deputy sheriff she will apply herself se
riously to the study of law. and ome
years hence we ma hear of "Judge Claire
Ferguson." with another name, doubtless,
The young lady Is extremely prepossess
ing In appearance and Is considered one of
the belles of Salt Lake City society. SI10
Is musical, fond of athletics and rlde.
drives and cvcles. Her father was a suc
cessful phvslclan In Utah, and on his side
she Is related to the familv of the late
General I". 8. Graht. Her mother traces her
ancstry back to Earl of Warwick, the
Xot Expected to Know Until Taught.
Elbert Itnbbard In the Phlllttlne
Hoturnlng from school with a pumpkin
feed In her hand a little girl informed her
mother that her teacher had taught her
that the seed was white but the pumpkin
was yellow. The mother asked. "What is
the color of the vines?" Tho 3- ear-old
said that her tetcher had not taught her
that. "But." said her mother, "jou know,
for ou have seen the vines In the garden "
Of course I have, but we are not expected
to know anything until we hae been
MISS CLAIP.E II. rCRGUSOX.
WORK FOR WOMEN IN WAR.
THERE APPEARS TO RE 1MM'
THl'V.GS THVT THEY CA DO.
Plain Looklnc "Women re Preferred
as Annie; Keen lttcd Ones Are
Required as Spies Instances
of "Women's "Work.
The president and secretary of war are
receiving letters from patriotic women
all over the country anxious to be muster
ed Into service In case there should bo an
outbreak of war with Spain, savs the New
York Herald. A letter received at the
AVI ite House, and addressed "President
McKinley. Washington, D. C ." reads:
"I write asking if I would be of any use
to ou In this Cuba trouble. I am only a
woman, buf I can nurse the sick and
wcunded. I only wish I were a man. I
would go and volunteer to take one of our
unfortunate one's, place who went down
with tho Maine. If jou need women to
nurse, or in any wa I can be of service
to jou for h countrj's sake, please let
mo knov. 1 am strong, weigh 1D0 pounds,
height five feet live and one-half inches,
ago 27 jcars, and a good nurse. Hoping to
be of service to m God and cpuntrj, I
am at J our command."
Another savs. "I was one of the first
volunteer nurses during the war of the
rebellion; experienced on transports and in
hospitals. If there is another war I am
A Canadian woman, who savs her broth
er fought for our flag in the late war,
offer her services, and adds in her letter to
the president: "Failing the position of
nurse, I shall be glad to give mv services
In any other capacity where 1 may be of
From away down in Colorado another
woman, who addresses her letter "War De
partment." offers her services in these
words; Shoulil thrre be a. war between
the United States and Spain, would there
bi any show for us to get transportation.
We are nurses, and strong. healthy women.
There are two of us. aged 33 vear--."
Thee are several examples of the cor
respordence being received from American
women. . , ... ,
In the event of an outbreak with Spain
positions in the armv will bo open to
many women, the number of course de
pending upon the extent of the struggle.
Durlng the late war hundreds of women
served In m in capacities with relation to
tho armv. most of them nurses some as
spies and others as purveyors, laundress
Should a great war break out the hos
pital iorps of tho army would have to
employ a great number of women nurses.
Secretarv Alger would probablv appoint
an experienced woman as superintendent
of nurses. In 1FC1. at tho beginning of the
civil war. Secretary of War Cameron ap
pointed Mi's Dorothea Di-c for this duty.
Sh offered her services without compen
sation, and nurses selected by her were
found upon every battle field from Bull
Run to Appomattox. They were In every
While the typical army nurse Is always
described by the Idealist as a vouthful.
tender "angel of mercy." with a beautiful
faro. It is interesting to know that gener
als in command of armies prefer middle
aged ard homolv- women for surh sPric
A cirru! ir distributed by the superintend
ent of nurses in 111 read:
"No woman under 30 need apply. AH
nurses are required to be very plain look
ing women. Their dresses must be cither
brev n or black, with no bows, no curls or
jewelry and no hoop skirts"
Tin nay given to nurses in the late war
was 512 .i month, but It Is said that hun
dreds of women of social rank and posi
tion, without waiting to be formally must
ered in. served without pay or hope of re
w ird She who is now volunteering to aid
In ,i conflict with Spam Is not the "nw
woman " but the same patriotic creature
who offered herself to her flag In 1SC1.
General Sherman called "Mother Bicker
dyke" the lelebrated nurse of the civil
war. one of his "best generals."
The worn in who could be the most con
spicuous of her sox in the great war be
tworn the United States and Spain is Miss
Clara Barton, pre-ident of tho American
Red Cross who Is now caring for the
SI ould a war break out with Spain.w Om
an'" most valuihle military service will be
done at home. As soon .us the first gun
of the civil war was tired, woman's work
for 1 oth tho Union and Confederate causes
begin In earnest. Within a month after
President Lincoln called for the first army
o' 71000 volunteers, an association of New
York women hid chosen from hundreds
of candidates IW competent nurses to be
trained by tho phvsiclans and surgeons of
this city. At the same time women
throughout the country organized soldiers'
aid sooletles. sov inp circles fnlrs and en
tertainments of various sorts for the pur
pose of furnishing tho brave boys both
necessities and delicacies. Trains running
Into Washington were weighted down with
a tremendous accumulation of freight for
this purpose. Its distribution was finally
turned over to the mltary commission,
which co-operated, during" the war with
womon's clubs and societies throughout the
entire North, lifter each battle agents
distributed the supplies as received
Statistics show that during the late war
the women's organizations raised altogeth
er fifty millions of doll irs among them
societies in the Northern states, the amount
just appropriated by congress to put the
nation upon an effective defensive footing.
The little girls of the North, by their
miniature fairs and handwork, contribut
Women might serve this government s
spies in a great war. That a woman can
not keep a secret herself or let any one
else keep one Is not born out by certain
secret archives kept In a large fireproof
safe in the war department. One of the
most active and reliable Union spies In the
late war was a woman, who worked suc
cessfully for a long period. Eventually,
bovever, she was caught by tho enemy
and hanged to a tree Martial law. which
states that "the spy Is punishable by
death by hanging by the neck," has no
respect for sex.
The story is told of a Confederate brig
adier general who sent his wife in the
night to one of our generals with tho pro
posal that he would for $1 OoO so place his
force that it might be captured by the
Yankees without any trouble. It Is relat
ed bv an officer that the proposal was ac
cepted and that the Northern troops cap
tured the force as arranged.
THE HANDKERCHIEF WE USE
Three Hundred and Twenty-Eight
Million Fire Hundred Thousand
Consumed In a Year.
From the Washington Star
"Very few people outside the trade," said
a leading wholesale dealer In handkerchiefs
recently, "are aware that the consumption
of I andkerchiefs throughout the United
States amounts to about 73 00" dozen daily.
This mr.ins 27.TT3I0 dozen yearly or about
S2X0OOfv) single handkerchiefs. To satisfy
this enormous demand there are always
kept in stock In this city at least C30 000.oi.i0
handkerchiefs It would be extremely dlHl-
ult to say what such a supply of goods
Is worth In the aggregate, as handkerchiefs
so.l at wholesale at anywhere from TA cents
to $10 per dozen, according to quality and
finish. But the figures which I havo given
you arc not exaggerated and thev throw a
strong light on tho gigantic dimensions
of an Important branch of the dry goods
"A comparatively small number of hand
kerchiefs are manufactured in this country,
rnd those that are made here are mostly
of tho cotton and Inferior silk variety.
The finest rflk goods are Imported prin
cipally from Japan, which country sends
us annually between 17(.)o00 and 1S.000.000
Japanese pongees The bet cambric
articl" comes from France and BIgium and
linen handkerchiefs come from the north of
Ireland and also from St. Galls. Switzer
land. Japanese silk handkerchiefs are
worth from 5 to tW per dozen and the
cotton product manufactured In Pennsyl-'.-ar.ia
and New Jersey may be had for 30
cents per dozen.
"The capital Invested In this business Is
Immense It may possiblv amount to JIOO,
POOfiOO, but. owing to the faot that tho
trade is distributed, nothing like accurate
figures can be given. There are six or
seven firms In the dry goods district which
deal exclusively In handkerchiefs. But
rnly two of these houses handle tho domes
tic article exclusively. Most of the large
American factories are located outside of
the city, but Now York, as In several
other branches of the dry goods business.
Is the great distributing center for the
On a Postal Card.
Elbert Hubbard la the Philistine
Out of Phlllstia comes this on a postal
How dare you peck at Peck?
Or Is it your vocation '
To try to put a check
To public Peck-ulation?
'"Sometimes." said Uncle Eben. "I has
mer s'pieions dat dat boy or mine doesn'
i-how mo' respeck foh advice 'case he sees
how little his father done gone got out'n
it." Washington Star.
HEALER OF THEJLLS OF DOGS.
"Miss Alice Slimr, Canine Physi
cian." Maintains n Hospital
for Dogs In Chlcaco.
"Miss Alice Shaw, canine physician," her
cards read. Sne is a falr-halred. enegctic
young woman who live with her mother
at No. 679 Sedgwick street, Chicago, says
tho Journal Back of their living apart
ments are rooms fitted with rubber cots,
on which repose sick and wounded dogs. It
is a hospital in every feature with all the
apj llances recessary to tho treatment of
Miss Shaw frankly admits that she be
came u dog doctor to earn her living. Her
father was a professor In Oxford Sue has
n. sister who married a millionaire and
lives In luxury. They do not speak.
"I nm often turned out of bed," said the
doctor, showing the hospital to a report
er "to tend the bulldor-s hurt in fights
There are lots of these quiet affairs around
here. There comes a knock at the back
MISS ALICE SiliW.
door, and when I answer a man hands a
dog in to me. I ask no questions and tell
But this Is only one side of the trade
Fashionable cariages roll up to the door
and women of wealth step out uddling in
their arms some "darling" that Is af
flicted with misfortune a bid cold, a sore
throat, a sprained limb or tho dreaded dis
temper. One room is fitted up especially for dis
temper cases none other is treated here.
'Ihcse are our worst cases," cpl lined
Miss Shaw, "as they are so contagious."
and she threw open the door to thi room.
A long-h ilred oaniel witli a v.oe-bcgone
look in her eyes lay upon a blanket, look
ing for all the world like a sick child. About
tile spaniel s bre-st was a hot poi'ltiee. The
dog semed to know the cloth w is for her
good, but whined niteously as she looked
down at this bandage, so unusual in dog
life It was an appeal for sympatny mucn
as a little one would point to a wojnded
hand with tearful eyes'.
In one of tho room', curled up on a rub
ber blanket, was a great bull pup with reel
eyes and torn body. There was another
In tho next room.
There was a bir mastiff In the fourth
room suffering from a broken hind leg.
Splints held the limb in pi ice. and wooden
props kent the animal from lnterferirg
with tho knitting of the bono.
In the front apartments were a terrier
and a spaniel. These wore convalescents
and had the run of the house.
Dr. Shaw has three pet fox-terriers called
"FIv," "Itlddv" and "Sallv." that have
carried off more than one award at bench
shows "Fly Is th particular favorite and
is really a wonderful dog.
"She sings like a nightingale." declared
Mis Shaw, and she started a popular air.
Tno terrier too': up tho chorus with a howl
which ran up and down the musical scale
as closely upon the nightingale order as a
canine voice could aoproach
"Biddy" was stolen rteontly and Impris
oned In a fence for stolen dogs on North
Clark street. Mis Shaw clipper! ,l hatchet
under her cloak ard went after her proper
ty. Brandishing the ugly looking weapon,
she walked into the place. She got her pet.
A GIRL EVANGELIST.
Miss Scott Is Preachlnr; In Phila
delphia With Success Her
Mi's Catherine Scott, tho only girl evan
gelist In this country, has boon attract
ing considerable attention in Philadelphia
of late, where she has been holding revival
meetings in the Presbyterian churches.
Mi'8 Scott Is only 21 years of ago and
enjoys the dlstirctlon of being the" first
woman who has ever been permitted to
preach In the Presbyterian churches of the
She is a remarkably magnetic talker, and
holds her audience with ease, while the
religious influence she apparently exerts
over the crowd 1 'remarkable, as Is evi
denced by the large numbers of converts at
all her meetings.
When Miss Scott was asked the other
day to furnish particulars regarding her
career, and to tell why she became an
evangelist, she said:
"I was born in tho suburbs of Glasgow,
Scotland, in 18715 My grandfather on mv
father's side was a farmer In the North of
Scotland, and he was recognized through
out the countrv as being one of the most
Godly men of his time. My mother comes
from one of tho oldest country families
In Wlghtonshlre, Scotland, and from her
MISS CATHERINE SCOTT.
I have the blood of the old Scottish Coven
anters in my eln. I was converted at a
very early age and after finishing my edu
cation, l, with my parents, came to Amer
ica four years ago Being brought up in
the Presbyterian church from childhood,
we united with the Bethesda Presbyterian,
church of Philadelphia.
"A number of the ladles of the church,
seeing my strong desire to become an
evangelist, became very much interested in
me, and they sent me to Colonel H. H.
Hadley. In New York city. I remained in
his great mission on East Forty -second
street for some time, and after speuding
an enjoyable time with him in his great
work. I came back to Philadelphia. God
helping me to come out as an evangelist
in the Presbyterian church. As the church
never had been open to women before, I
knew the battle would be a hard one. I
went and saw a number of ministers, and
thev did not seem very" willing to let me
In but I held on, and one bright day Dr.
"U ilbur Chapman, of Bethany mission (Mr.
John Wanamaker's) sent for me to come
and address an enormous meeting
"I went, and the Sunday school buildirg
was packed. That was my beginning. Tho
first man In Philadelphia to open his pulpit
to me was Dr. Andrew Jackson Sullivan, of
Trinity Presbyterian church, and I held a
week's meetlmrs with him last Januiry.
and on my last Sundav the church was
packed to overflowing, and many souls were
brought from darkness Into light from his
church. I have hinc been In other Pres
byterian churches in Philadelphia, and have
always been favorably received."
Gennlne Love Test.
Trom the rer- Icrk Weekly.
Clara (with emotion) "George, are you
sure you will always love me?"
George (fervently) "While life lasts, my
Clara (suppressing a tear) "Georee, If
trials and tribulations should come"
George (amazed) "My heart is your
alone, my love, and always will be."
Clara (sobbing) "George are you sure,
perfectly sure, that nothing nothing at
all could cool your affection?"
George (thoroughlv alarmed) "My gra
cious' What's happened? Has your fatnor
Clara (hysterically; "Worse. Far worse."
George (much relieved) "Tell me all, my
angel; I can bear It."
Clara (with a heroic effort) "George,
!'& I've got a a boil coming on my
"Aro you the society editor?" asked tha
large lady who seemed to fill the room.
"No. madam," said the one addressed.
""I am only the court reporter."
"Really? I am surprised. But perhaos
you will do. Your paper said in its ac
count of the affair at my house that floral
decorations 'lent beauty to the scene." I
wish you would have your paper state
iuat ma uorai oeauty was not lent. Ev
uiiu. v as jjuu xur.
THINK OF TBE SETTING HEN
AD K.-.OW WHAT A MYSTERY OF
MYSTERIES SHE IS.
When She "Will She Will, and "When
She Won't That Settles It The Im
patient Mlnoron A Peace
ful Man's Rrollers.
From the Boston Cvenlne Transcript.
Now Is the time to set a hen for early
chickens and the early chicken is the only
one that will lay eggs next winter when
they are worth SO cents a dozen. The
chicken that Is born on or before the first
day of March Is worth dozens born in
May or June, when all tho hens want to
set The trouble is to find the hen who
Is inclined to incubation In the month of
February. Generally speaking, she must
be a March chicken herself; therefore to
have March chickens, you must first have
March chickens. It Is like the great eco
nomic proposition: To mako money you
must have money to make it with. How
ever, It Is not necessary to inherit March
pullets; they can be acquired at reasonable
rates; and every practical hen keeper aside
from those wholesale gentlemen who can
devote all their time and attention to the
monumental task of making incubators in
cubate, and who are consequently inde
pendent of the natural means of incuba
tion will tell you that the early -born pul
let, who Is under .i sort of natural com
pulsion to lay early herself, Is. even when
of no breed at all. of mor" value than the
high-bred fowl who declines to lay any
eggs until the balmy springtime has come
and eggs can be bought for 13 cents a
The eccentricities of the settlns hen are
beyond all account. No power on earth
or heaven can prevent certain hens from
sotting half their livs. They will set on
good eggs, on bad eggs, on china eggs, on
stones, on sticks, on nothing at all. Turned
out of one place, they will set in anv other.
By actual experiment a co-tain Plymouth
Rock (of whose breed one of tho many
noble qualities is broodiness) persisted In
setting for six weeks running, though she
was given no eggs at all and was treated
with the greatest contumelv, being moved
from pillar to post and afflicted with sharp
cornered i obblestones, ard d lilv driven
away with violence from her pathetic at
tempt to convert these ignominious rocks
into the noble ones of Plymouth. At the
end of the six weeks she did give up
further setting, but sbo appeared to enter
tain no grudge on account of her treat
ment, and would on occasion come out and
eat out of the hands of her late tor
mentors. It was In the autumn when she
made this Quixotic attempt, and sho had
already in this sime vear brought off two
fire broods of chickens one in early March
and the other in June.
Hens That Will "Not Set.
Other hens will never set at all. The
white Mlnorcas those hens with great
comb. which look exactly like roosters
and are called "Catalans" by; the Spanish
will lay perhaps more eggs in a year
than any other sort of hen and it is un
likely that any one of them was ever known
to hatch a brood of chickens The Mlnor
cas will, indeed, sometimes begin to set.
but they seem to bo under the impression
that three davs ought to bo. In all con
science, a long enough time in which to
hatch out an egg, and at the expiration
of about that time they will abandon the
attempt witli a great flutter and much de
nunciatory oratory. If they aro fastened
down on the nest wih a board pi iced above
their backs, they will stand up as high
as they can under the boarl and let the
cold air addle their eggs. It is doubtful
If ever any human being, male or female,
wickod or pious. Christian or pagan, ever
got through without profanitv an attempt
to make a Minorca hen set. There are
other breeds of non-setters, which are not
merely too numcrousbut nl'O too contempt
ible to mention. The Plymouth Rock will
not lay so many eggs In a year as the
Minorca, but she will lay what sho does
lay when you want them, and she will per
petuate her kind.
Strange to say, another kind of hen that
makes a good mother is the game hen.
She seems to be engaged in an attempt to
prove that a certain amount of Amazon
Ianlsm Is not inconsistent with a proper
regard for the duties of motherhood. A
verv pe.iceful gentleman, not unconnected
with the work of tho Humane Society,
moved into the country three or four years
ago Having occasion to purchase two or
three settings of eggs, he bought one of a
good working woman, who lived on the
outskirts of the town, and who happened
to havo male relatives of snorting procliv
ities, though the gentleman d'd not know
that, and would hardlv have cared If he
hart known. The sporting proclivities of
thoso persons could hardly affect the hens'
eggs raised on the pi ice. The setting of
eggs turned out beautifully, and In due
time some exquisite little re-d chickens were
running about with the old gray hen who
had been their foster mother. The chickens
were so pretty that thev were admired
above all others on the place. They griw
apace, and before long their owner dis
covered that they were engaged in warfare
most of the time, either with one another
or with other little chickens. Redoubtable
fighters they were. too. and while any one
of them would easilv- whip any chicken of
any other brood, when they fought with
one another It seemed to be a fight to the
death. The peaceable gentleman depre
cated these contests very much, but he
was powerless to prev ent them. What could
make them fight "00
By and by a village tradesman who hap
pened to be at the place one day noticed
the chickens, looked at the gentleman who
owned them, winked broadly and remarked.
"Raisin" games, eh?" "Raising what?"
asked the humane gentleman. "Why. game
fowN." returned the other. "Game fowls?
What can you be talking about?" said the
gentleman, getting a little nettled; "whv,
I never thought of such a thing'" "Well,
them's game chickens, just the same." said
tho tradesman. A light dawned on the hu
mane gentleman's mind. The proclivities
of the men of the household from which he
had purchased the setting of eggs had In
deed led them to a partiality for game fowls,
and by Innocently buying a baker's dozen
of egss from the woman of the house and
Kettirg them under a hen he had uncon
sciously embarked in the business of keep
ing fighting cocks! He sacrificed the brood
a? soon as they wero big enough to broil,
and found them mot excellent eating: but
it is doubtful If he will ever be able to
get up a reputation in that town as a
preventer of cruelty- to animals.
Story of a Hen and Her Chicks.
Tho following true story is sent by a
lady : Out in a quiet corner of the gar
den, in two big barrels ly ing on their sides,
sat two expectant hens patiently awaiting
the happy dav when the jovs of freedom,
so dear to their heart--, should be en
hanced through sharing It with a
nestling, peeping brood of downy darlings
all their own. What lover of hens has not
seen, during theso periods of peaceful an
ticipation the tender gleam of the eye.
akin to that of the human dreamer, and
the expression of gravity, revealing a lit
em sense of coming responsibility and trust
which steals over the habitually immoble
countenance of the much maligned hon '
The hours of the long, bright spring days
elowly ran their course, and halt of the
allotted time of waiting had been uncom
plainingly endured by one of the pair,
while her neighbor had just entered upon
her term of enforced seclusion, when one
night a fierce tempest swept down upon
those two humble dwellings. The wind and
rain came with such ternhc force that it
seemed nothing short of a mountain could
withstand it. The nxt morning we hast
ened to the spot, prepared to find utter
ruin and dismay. Instead of which, to our
great surprise, we found tile frail habita
tions still standing. Moreover, they were
still tenanted, although there were unmis
takable signs of hardship and suffering
having been heroically met by thoso two
stout hearts. On closer examination, how
over, we found that a singular thing had
happened. During the confusion, the panic
caused by the storm, the two had Iot their
heads not ntcrallv. as wo had at first
feared and had mistaken their own nests;
each was occupying the home of the other,
so that the hen who knew nothing of the
fatigue of long watching became usurper,
whlle'the other was in danger of becoming
quite discouraged at finding her hopes in
One can better Imagine than describe the
evident surprise and delight of the usurper
when at the end of only a week and a half
of sitting om her part eight little, downy,
fluffy balls of warmth and merriment brisk
ly tapped their way into the sunlight and
nestled close to thematernal bosom. Wheth
er the other then received her tirst intima
tion that something was amiss we never
knew, but after waiting1 a little longer
the conviction of fraud seemed to take com
pete possession of her. She could endure
the suspense no longer, and one morning,
seeing the Joyful matron passing by in
all her full-blown pride, surrounded by her
appropriated blessings, she inglortously for
sook the eggs and fled to unite herself
to her rightful children. Another surprise
awaited us. in the gratifying discovery' of
hitherto unsuspected nobility In the hen
nature. The true mother's rights were not
for a moment contested by the interloper
neither was there any attempt on the part
of the legal occupant to drive the other
from the field: no complication whatever
arose but the unusual situation was ac
cepted magnanimously and apparently on
terms of equality, and the happy little
brood, flanked by th two watchful protect
ors, made a pretty group as they strolled
about through the soft spring grass. It
would be Interesting to know the nature
of the compact formed by the two adults,
and in what capacity the mother really
figured, as mistress or maid.
REHEARSING THE WEDDING.
now the Groom Was yerroni, bat
Wns Stimulated to
From the New York Commercial Advertiser.
He had been so ecstatically happy ever
since she consented to be married Easter
week that she was a bit startled when he
came to see her the other evening looking
disturbed and serious.
"I have come to tell you something." he
stammered. "And to to tell you to know
If you would mind " he stopped and
sighed, "doing me a favor." He looked at
her, but sho sat waiting for him to con
tinue. "It's about the the wedding," he went
on. "I met Nell in tho street, and she told
me you had asked her to be one of your
bridesmaids. Yes. I know It was I who In
sisted that wo should lave a big wedding.
I want you to have all your friends around
you, dear. I want flowers and music and
merriment. I don't want to b- selfish. You
know I don't. But but I h til forgotten
about the rehearsal. Is It possible, would
you or could vou get on without a re
hearsal? Or. If you must have one. couldn't
you get on without me? '
He was quite pale and anxious waiting for
her answer. bhe did not know whether
to laugh or be angry.
"I think wp can manage without you."
she said at last. "'But I hope you won't
mind taking part In tho ceremony proper,
"you soe how it Is." ho exp! ilnod. when
the great weight was off his mind. "I've
been to more rehearsals than I can count,
but It's hardly necessary to say I never
played leading man; best man once or
twice: usher usually. I've always pitied the
poor bridegroom, and I've always thought
"You know, dear." she interrupted with,
seraphic gentleness, 'it Isn't too late yet.
"iou need not play bridegroom even at the
church ceremony If vou are so timid. We
can have a little wedding at home or In a
police court or at the citv hall. A rehearsal
would be unnecessary- then."
"I knew I'd put my foot In It If I spoke.
I knew it. But you must admit, my dear
Mildred, that It is undignified and er un
sentimental and worldly."
"It would not be particularly effective or
dignified to have the girls walk down the
aisle with the wrong men or have the bridal
procession a blundering parade, would it?
And that's what unrehearsed bridal pro
cessions are al way s. But y ou need not at
tend The best man does all the work at a
wedding, anyway. I will walk down the
aisle with him at rehearsal. We -can get
on very nicely without vou. dear. Now.
let's talk of something else. 1 11 ring for
He sipped his Oolong In silence while she
chattered about flowers and friends and
golf and books As he rose to go he lin
gered irresolutely, his hat in his hand. "I
think." he said. "I have changed my mind.
It's awfully good and considerate of you
to let mo off. but I think I'll go to that
rehearsal after all "
A few minutes later when two of her
prospective bridesmaids happened to come
in, he would, could he have looked In on
them, have heard mystlfylngly merry peals
An Opportunity to Catch Up.
Elbert Hubbard In the Philistine
If the next century added not a dollar to
the world's material wealth, nor a single
discovery to science, nor a new mechani
cal appliance, it might be jut as well or
better for the sons of earth. It would give
the spiritual an opportunity to catch up. If
you have read the history of nations dead
and gone vou know that their decline began
when their prosperity wa3 at Its height;
nnd when they felt most secure then it was
that their foundations crumbled.
mm J ft
The Beautiful Woman, Who Assisted the Inventor of the Holland
HAS WAITED. FOR 14 TEARS.
THE ROMAXCB OF A TOUXG CAM
John E. Wilson Married the Girl
With Whom ne Fell In Love.
"When She "Waa a.
John E. Wilson, who owns a ranch near
Cucomga, Cal., has married a bride for
whom he waited fourteen years, says thB
San Francisco Call.
AVilson. in December, 1SS3. then 21, visit
ed old friends of his parents in Waco,
Tex., Mr. and Mrs. Benjamin Deuchler.
He spent a week or two with the family,
and took great Interest in the 6-year-old
Emma Deuchler, who became ery fond
of him. Before he left he had admitted
to himself alone that he was in love with,
a babe, and he vowed to win and wed her.
Before ho. had turned his face toward
home Wilson got a promise from little
Emma to print him a few words of a let
ter at least once in every two weeks. He
In turn agreed to write her a pleasing- mes
sage once a week and to send her remem
brances from California. The Deuchler
parents thought It very good of the son
of their old-time friends, the San Diego
Wilsons, to take such an Interest In their
little child, and Mrs. Deuchler was es
pecially pleased at the epistolary interest
John took In 7-year-old Emma.
Boxes of Love Letters.
From that time until a month ago a cor
respondence was continued. What an In-
terestlng story of love the several great
boxes of letters might tell! They begin
with simple, clumsily printed messages
from tho toddling Emma to her big- friend,
and they concerned the doing of dolldum..
information about the household dog and
cats, and the plays and romplngs of a
happy. Innocent little girl. Then there are
longer letters in all developments of a
childish chirography. telling of storybooks
that have come Into the writer's life, her
new dress and all about ier lessons at
school, and her opinions of her brothers,
sisters, and playmates.
Since the end of the first visit In th
Deuchler home at Waco, Tex., fourteen
years ago last December there have been
many vicissitudes in the lives and fortunes
of John Wilson and the childish Emma.
But Wilson never for an hour faltered
In his love. His parents left him an agree
ably large estate four years ago. Two
vears ago he bought ranch property In San
Bernardino county, and he baa made it
very attractive and fruitful.
Tells Hla Love.
Several times he visited the Deuchlerm.
In 1S90 he told the girl's parents of his
love. They laughed at him.
Several years ago Mr. Deuchler failed
in business In Waco, and he and his fam
ily moved to El Paso. Wilson visited tho
family more frequently. He was pledged
however, never to speak of his love to
the girlish Emma until after she had reach
ed her eighteenth birthday. He kept ths
Twe years ago last July he for the first
time revealed his heart to the young wo
man. Then there was a year of waiting
for the young woman to come to a decis
ion. Meanwhile her devoted and vigilant
suitor was more active than ever. When
a decision had been reached Mrs. Deuch
ler suddenly died, and Miss Emma could
not leave her father's home for another
year. The date of the marriage was An
ally settled, and the girl was made a
bride at El Paso a few days ago.
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