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Kansas City journal. [volume] (Kansas City, Mo.) 1897-1928, February 05, 1899, Image 18

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86063615/1899-02-05/ed-1/seq-18/

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Travel Throujjh the South American
Wheat Lnndx SlKbts on the Par
aguay River How South
Auicrieau River Hunt
Are "Iunaged.
(Copyright. 1S09. by Frank C. Carpenter.)
As-unclon Is In the very heart of South
America. It Is as far inland in, a straight
line from the Atlantic as Chicago; and the
distance I had to travel on the rivers to
! reach it Is greater than from Omaha to
New York. Within the past few months 1
Jiavc penetrated the basin of the Rio-de la
Plata to a distance of more than 1.300 miles.
t- At Buenos Ayres I was almost 200 miles
from the sea. and in coming, from there to
Asuncion on the Parana and Paraguay
rivers. I traveled 1,115 miles. On the first
day out we steamed by the mouth of the
"Uruguay river In entering the Parana.
Eight hundred miles further north we came
Into the Paraguay river, upon which I
traveled more than 300' miles. The Para
guay is still navigable by small steamers
lor 1,409 miles north of this point, and Just
opposite it is the mouth of the 'Pilcomayo,
Iwhlch rises in the Bolivian Andes, and in a
tortuous course flows through 1,500 miles
of -unexplored wilds before it empties Into
tile Paraguay. Tne Parana itself is over
2.UO0 miles long. It rises in the mountains
of Brazil and flows a distance of more than
3.20O miles before It swallows up the Para
guay at about b00 miles from its mouth.
The Basin of the Plate.
The river system of the Plate, or of the
Rio de la Plata, Is one of the most wonder
ful of the world. The volume of the stream
Is greater than that of the Mississippi. It
Is surpassed only by the Amazon. It drains
a basin more than half as big' as the. whole
United States, and one which in fertility of
sell and Ealubrity of climate is only .sur-
Eassed by the basin of the Mississippi. The
asin of tho Plate is over 2,000 miles long.
It is bigger than the basin of the Missis
sippi, and it is a Question whether it has
' notmore cultivable territory. Upon it tens
of millions of cattle and sheep are pas
tured, and Its wheat fields rnmnete with I
ours in the markets of Europe. It has the
most extensive plains of the globe, and it
is a vast expanse of fairly good land.
It is a white man's country. The basin
of the Amazon Is tropical and malarious.
That of the Plate Is largely in the tem
perate zone. Its northern parts are like
Louisiana or Florida, and In the south the
summer climate is as temperate as that of
our .Middle states.
It is the Mississippi basin reversed, tire
source of Its rivers bIng in the hot countrv.
where there are coffee and sugar lands
and rubber trees, and its mouth in the
rather cool hinds of Uruguay and the- Ar
gentine, noted for their fields of wheat and
This vast basin Is formed in the shape of
a great horseshoe, with the opening toward
the Atlantic: the Andes and the strip of
highlands -which crosses Brazil form the
back and upper rim of the shoe, while the
slijjhtly sloping plains of Patagonia bound
it on the south. In It are included the best
or the Argentine, all of Uruguay and Para
guay and large portions of Brazil and Bo
livia. The most of It has been built up l,v
the Parana or RIo d- la Plata system, and
to-day these rivers are slip at their great
work of earth building.
The RIo tic Lr Plata.
You see this plainly in the Rio de la
Plata proper. It Is more a great bay of
liquid mud than a river. It is ISO miles
wide at the Atlantic and narrows down to
twenty-nlno miles at Buenos Ayres, which
is 180 miles Inland. The width at Monte
video Is about sixty-five miles. The Rio
de la Plata is ho full of silt, or mud that
It discolors the Atlantic for manv mll- out
, at sea. We noticed tiie change in the color
of the ocean long before we entered its I
mouin. ana me water seemed to grow
thicker as we sailed to Buenos Ayre- The
channel is fast tilling up with a.sandy mud.
and the Eads Jetty system I proposed. As
It is now. the rivers bring down a quarter
of a million tons of mud a day. and tho
sediment Is so great that all of the water
-used by Buenos Ayres is Altered by the
city. I
It took our steamer twelve hours to cross
the RIo de la Plata to Montevideo, and
from there to Buenos Ayres the ride re
quired one night. At Buenos Ayres the
steamers land you at the new docks, and
passengers are not now taken ashore, as
formerly. In carts or on the backs of men.
The port of Buenos Ayres has. In fact, as
line docks and quays as any city of the
world. It has within the past ten years
spent J30.000.COil gold upon their construc
tion, and ocean steamers drawing seventeen
feet sail right into great walled tanks,
along which the chief railroads have
tracks: so that the wool, grain, hides,
cheep and cattle can be transferred direct
ly from the cars to the steamers which are
to take them to Europe.
Up the Parana. I
It is at these docks that you get steam
ers which carry you far up the rivers Into
the Interior. There are river boats of all
kinds lying at the wharves. Some have
Just come in loaded with oranges, wood,
hides and wool and others are just starting
out. There are sailing boats as well as
steamers, and you soon appreciate that the
Interior traffic of the South American con
tinent Is enormous.
There are two lines of steamers which
liavo a weekly sen-ice between Buenos
Ayres and Asuncion, so that you can take
a ship for any of the iorts twice a week.
There are steamer.' also which go regular
ly every day or so up the- Urugauy for a
distance of W miles, and twice a month
a Brazilian steamer leaves for the province
of Mntto Grosso. far in the interior of Bra
zil. These ships carry ycu to Corumba.
where you change to a smaller steamer,
and In twenty days from the time of leav
ing Buenos Ayres reach Cuyaba. the cap
ital of Matto Grosso. 2 5W miles from
Buenos Ayres nnd 2.7C0 miles from the At
lantic The Parana Is navigable bv steam
for more than 1.200 miles, and were it not
for a tlrip of falls and rapids along the
eastern edge of Southern Paraguay, it
could" le navigated for many hundreds of
miles further.
' Xol nn Ocean Highway.
The boats going up these rivers must all
draw iot more than ten feet, and those
to the upper ports can not have more than
from five to nlno feet. Even then they are
liable to be grounded in the sand by low
water. You frequently see statements that
ocean steamers can go by the Parana far
Into the interior of South America. This
Is not true; Steamers of sixteen feet can
go up the river as far as Rosario. a dl
tance of 300 miles from Buenos Avres. and
about 500 from the Atlantic, but a!ove this
ships would stick fast in the mud. As it
1, our steamer, the Saturno, which was at
thi time drawing only ten feet nf n-atr
j stopped at night again and again on our
-way to Asuncion, for fear of the sand
. There s- no- good chart of tho Parana.
The river often changes Its course, and it
is always building up and tearing down
bars and islands within Its channel. The
waters carry so much mud that a snap will
form a bar, and a wreck will soon build up
an island. One of the largest islands in the
river, near Rosario, was started by a sub
merged hay barge, and further up the
stream there are hundreds of islands the
soil of which has gathered about the water
logged trees which have floated down fro-n
the forests of Paraguay and Brazil.
Ten Thousand Islunds.
Put on the thinking cap of'your imagina
tion and take a trip with me up through
the thousand islands of the Parana. You
may have seen the thousand islands of the
&t. Lawrence. They are nothing in com
parison with the ten thousand islands of
this wonderful river. There are, indeed, so
many islands that they have never been
counted. The river for hundreds of miles
is a great inland sea. so wide in places
that among the islands you cannot see the
banks. Some of the. islands are covered
with willows, feathcrv reeds lino their
.shores and gnarly trees hang down low
anu mirror tnemseives in the water, utn
ers further Up the river are forest grown.
Few are cultivated, although it has been
said that there is enougli good soil upon
them to raise food for all Europe, and on
a few there are cattle and sheep.
Most of the islands are great fields of
Krass, and of these some are not fixed, but
noatlnjr. and they glide by our steamer
down the river almost as fast as we steam
on our way up it. These floating Islands
arc called camelots. They are great mass
es of grass, weeds and flowers which the
rushing lioodB have torn from their found
ations and are carrying down to the sea.
Some are so Arm that they will support a
man. ana upon tnem tigers, jaguars ana
snakes are often carried to the islands
about Buenos Ayres.
The Delta of -the Parana.
Just after leaving Buenos Ayres we
steamed through the delta of Parana.
This delta is about twenty miles wide and
It extends up the river as far as Rosario,
a distance of 000 miles. It is peppered with
islands, some of which are covered with
forests of peach trees, and others with
gardens kept by Italians to supply the
markets of Buenos Ayres. Many of the
houses are raised upon piles to be out of
the way of the floods and the tides when
they carry, as they sometimes do, great
waves In from the ocean. '
At the entrance of the Parana we pass
the island of Martin Gracia, the Gibraltar
of the river Plata, which once belonged to
Uruguay, but which is now the property
of tho Argentine republic. It has a naval
school and fort upon it, the batteries of
which areworked by electricity. It is one
of the historic points of the Rio de la
Plata, and as we go by it we recall the
fact that this same tour was first made
by the white man who was the first to set
foot upon the soil of the continent of North
America. Sebastian Cabot in 152G plowed
his way through this same labyrinth of
islands, and after a long voyage on the
Parana" reached the Paraguay and sailed
up it to a point some distance beyond
The Steamer of the Pnrngnuj-.
If Sebastian Cabot could take a trip on
the boats which now sail up the Paraguay
he would think them more wonderful than
anything he met with in his travels. His
voyage was made in a sailing boat. Ours
is in a comfortable steamer of S0O tons. It
took him months to sail up the river. We
make the trip in six days. His lights were
tallow dips, ours are incandescent globes
lit by electric dynamos. The Saturno was
built in Glasgow and it is as comfortable
as the average passenger steamer of the
Great Lakes or the Mississippi. The cabins
are 'good and the dining room is like a
parlor. The fare is not expensive, $00 pay
ing for the round trip, or an average of
about $3 gold per day.
The meals are good, butfthe Yankee stom
ach finds it hard to accustom Itself to the
times at which they are served. The first
breakfast given on vessels is nothing but
three swallows of coffee and a crust of
bread and butter. At 11 a. m. a real break
fast Is served, and at 6 p. m. comes din
ner. Sandwiched between luncheon and
bedtime there Is tea at 3 p. m. and at
p. m. The breakfast at 11 . m. and the
dinner are much the same. The breakfast
begins with soup and' ends with fruit,
cheese and coffee. As to the dinner well,
here is a sample dinner bill of fare:
Ox Tail Soup.
"Bologne Sausage wlth'Potato Salad.
Puchero (the meat that was cooked to
make the soup).
Fish. Curried Chicken and Rice.
Beefsteak and Potatoes.
Cheese. Guavu Jelly.
English Walnuts, Almonds and Raisins.
Oranges. Black Coffee.
The meais are much alike, but we always
have a variety as great as that above
stated. Two kinds of wine are served with
breakfast and dinner without extra charge.
Dinner is the chief event of tho day. The
passengers ail dress for it. The men put
on their black clothes and most of the
women wear evening dresses.
Queer Fellow Passengers.
There is better form In dressing among
the passengers than in manners. Some of
the men who wear kid gloves all day and
who put on black coats for dinner eat with
their knives and tuck their napkins In at
the collar as though they were babies and
needed bibs. The toothnlck is universally
used between the courses. The men smoke
cigarettes through the meals and with
their-coffee, and i noticed that one or two
apparently very elegant ladles made no
bones of expectorating on the floor be
tween their bites. One old Argentine papa,
who has two pretty knife-eating daughters,
drinks his soft-boiled eggs out of a glass.
He also polishes his plate with his napkin
at every course. But I don't blame him
for that, as I do that myself. It Is a neces
sity on the Parana. The most of our pass
engers are rich Argentines, on their way to
Paraguay for tho winter. They go there
for the season, as we go to Florida, to get
away from the cold. All speak Spanish,
and, with the exception of ourselves, there
are no English or Americans.
Santa Fe and Argentine Mesopotamia.
It is not long after reachingBuenos Ayres
before we come into the great wheat fields.
Ve pass Rosario, tho second city of tho Ar
gentine, and its greatest wheat port. It is
built on a bluff eighty feet above the river,
so high that the masts of our steamer are
below the foundations of the houses. As
we go by we see ocean steamers at the
wharves with iroh chutes extending down
Into them.
Down each chute a stream of wheat bags
is galloping, tho wheat flowing from the
cars directly into the holds of steamers.
But I have already written of the wfceat in
dustry. We see signs of it every wnere as
we go onward. We pass big mills and huge
grain elevators and go by towns which owe
their existence to the wheat fields. A
greater part of our way is between the
provinces of Santa Fe on the left and
Entre Rios and Corrientos on the right.
Santa Fe wheat is' known all over the
world. The province is larger than New
York and Its business is wheat raising.
Entre Rios and Corrientos are bounded on
the east by the Uruguay, being embraced
by two of the most fertile rivers on the
globe. These provinces are known as the
Argentine Mesopotamia ' They are very
rich and their soli is of wonderful fertility.
Each is of about the size of South Carolina.
Entre Bios is growing very fast. It now
has" about a quarter of a million people, but
upon Its pastures' 4,000,000 cows and about
S.OOO.CCO sheep are feeding. This Is an aver
age of twenty sheep and fifteen cows for
every man. woman and child in the prov
ince. At five to the family this would be
100 sheop and 73 cows per family. Suppose
we had a state, every family of which pos
sessed 100 sheep and-73 cows. It would be
tho banner stateof the Union. The stock,
however, is not equally divided, and much
of it Is in the hands of large holders.
The Scenery of the Parana.
The Parana is one of the grandest rivers
of the world. Its beauties increase as you
travel up it, and the calm,- quiet plctur
esqueness of its surroundings grows upon
you. The sunsets are gorgeous, painting
the clouds In every color and shade ot
rosy pink and red. and often make a great
golden canopy over the dark blue Parana.
The morning sun strikes the dew drops
upon the. fresh green fields and feathery
grasses and gives you a shower nf dia
monds on an emerald field, while at night
the heavens and earth are clad in the gor
geous glories of the semi-tropics. You pick
out the Southern Cross from among the
stars and wonder at tho tropical brilliancy
of the Milky Way.
As you travel toward tho equator the
vegetation changes. The trees are larger,
the srassc-s more luxuriant and the islands
have great bunches of feathery green and
ferny bamboo. The country grows wilder.
Now you see. a white, farm house cut out
of the forest, and now stop at a littla town
consisting of thatched huts, one story
brick buildings, roofed with red tile, with
always a church spire rising over the low
roofs. After three days' journey 'you reach
Corrientes, nnd then leave the Parana for
tile river Paraguay.
In the Paraguay River.
The Paraguay is not so wide as the Pa
rana. Between Corrientes and Asuncion, a
distance of between 200 and CoO miles, the
banks are not wider, I judge, than those of
the Mississippi above St. Louis, but tho
waters are equally deep. The river seems
perfectly navigable. You often go so close
to the bank that, you can see the birds of
brilliant plumage which inhabit tho woods.
There are plenty of crocodiles, and you now
and then get a shot at one as it scuds
through the water to swim out of the way
of the boat. There is good shooting.
Flocks of wild ducks rise from the bends
of 'the river and the lagoons at every few
miles, and curious birds fly about the
steamer. Along the left bank of the river,
in what is known as the Chaco. there is
little else than virgin forests, and you art.
told that these are inhabited by jaguars,
and that you could not travel a mile or
so back from the coast without meeting
tapirs, pecaries, monkeys and wild hogs.
The Paraguay side is also wild, save that
here and there you pass little towns, at
some of which the ships stop to load and
unload freight. You now get your first
sight of the Paraguayan people, of whom
you meet more and more as you sail on
ward, and Anally come to anchor in tho
Bay of Asuncion, at the wharves of the
capital of Paraguay.
Skipper of the Pirate Changed the
Antidote on Jack nnd He Quit
From the New York Sun,
"Jack loved the sea like a Norwegian."
said the skipper, "and. like most Norwe
gians, lie does not know how to swim. He
had been sailing witli me in Jamaica bay
and in the sound for more than three years,
and yet .hardly knew the difference between
the anchor and the mainsail. If I told him
him to haul on the throat halliards, lie
would like as not let everything go by the
run and set the ship's company swearing.
We could not keep him off the Pirate with
a cannon. We did not object to him be
cause of his lack of knowledge about the
boat, but because he had the falllng-over-board
habit. AVhenever we went about
Jack was amost sure to be sitting on tho
top of the cabin. Sometimes he dodged the
boom when It swung over, and sometimes
the boys grabbed him by tho legs and
hauled him out of danger, but most times
the boom knocked Jack overboard.
"Then we had to bring the Pirate around
before the wind and put after him. He
usually was nearly half drowned before we
reached him, and. after Ashing him out and
rolling him on a beer keg (which is a good
thing to take as ballast when vou. have a
man along with the falling overboard hab
it), wo dosed him with whisky, which we
always carried for medicinal use. Jack
would never revive thoroughly until he had
had at least a half dozen pulls at the bot
tle. We noticed, as the falllng-overboard
habit grew on him. it required more and
more whisky to bring him to. He got to
be expensive. Often there was no liquor for
medicinal purposes after Jack had fallen
overboard several times on a cruise. The
last time he disappeared under Jamaica
bay he stayed down so long that we thought
he had dropped through into the China sea.
hen he came up he seemed to be pretty
badly fagged out. Wo were tied up at
the wharf, and Jack had stepped into the
air instead of into the Pirate.
"We had not taken the stores aboard,
and we did not have a drop of whisky, but
there was a bottle of sarsaparilla in the
cabin left over from a former cruise, and
w-e poured some of that down Jack's
throat. To our surprise he revived almost
Immediately. He opened his eyes, sputtered
as If he had taken a dose of nastv medi
cine, and exclaimed brokenly: 'What the
devil was that?' We told him. and he went
oft again, after gasping: 'Whisky!' AV'e
gave him another dose of sarsaparilla. He
opened his eyes and looked around re
proachfully at us and murmured with all
the feebleness he' could crowd Into his
voice for whisky. I realized then that Jack
had been playing it on us. I told him that
we had no whisky aboard and that we had
decided not to carry any more, but that if
he would like to have another drink of
sarsaparilla. which seemed to do him
good, he could have some. Jack got up and
left the boat, and he has not sailed with
us since.
Woman's Little Way.
From CasseU'B Journal.
Mr. Smith (just home) "Maria, you know
Jones well. He "
Maria (interrupting) "Now, -Smith! 1
don t want to hear anything about that
disreputable man. He is the bane of my
existence. Every night it is Jones did this
or that. Don't mention his name to me."
A long silence. Mrs. Smith fidgets about,
and with the consistency of women asks,
What has that wretch done again? How
I pity his wife."
Mr. Smith "He died suddenly this morn
ing. ,.JIari,a-'You, d,on't say so. WTiat did lie
file of? Poor fellow! When is the funeral?
How fortunate I've just got a new black
dress. Of course, being such an intimate
friend, we must go."
Maria (to bereaved widow at the funeral)
"Yes. dear Mrs. Jones, I can fullv under
stand the loss you have suffered. We know
what a good fellow he was. He was such
a true friend of ours. Only time will help
alleviate your sorrow."
A Double Loss.
From the Cleveland Plain Dealer.
"You seem to have discharged your new
"Yes. she queered me badlv."
"How did it happen?"
"I dictated a letter to our richest female
client nnd told her to address it. 'How will
I address it?' she asked. I answered,
'Plain Miss Brown.' And. by George! that's
just the way she wrote it."
" 'Plain Miss Brown.' We lost a client
and she lost a job."
CaroIiiia'H Literary Market.
From the Atlanta Constitution.
A North Carolina editor makes this orig
inal proposition:
"We will publish a ten-verse poem for a
load of wood: a three-column story for a
load of groceries, and we will chearfully
give space to obituaries ot former subscrib
ers at the rate of six laying hens a col
umn." The Aged Mariner's Hope.
O'er Life's deep tea I've wandered far,
A mariner, ray compass lost:
Guided alone by polar star,
The surging tide I've nearly crosed.
And shortly in some quiet bay
1 hope a harbor X shall find.
Where peacefully my bark will lay
At anchor, every care resigned.
Kansas City, Mo.
from the Boston Globe.
oucg Candid (at the amateur theatri
cals) "Did you ever hear such horribly
discordant, car-splitting ?"
Old Proundfoot "Sir-r! That's my eld
est daughter, and"
Young Candid "I repeat, sir. such ear
splitting clatter, as the idiots behind us
are making? Why, I can't hear a word of
tho song."
nil w vr mfD
Secret Slde-Liehta on the Conrtn of
Austria nnd Belgium Cruel
Treatment for Which Satis
faction Will Be Asked.
From the New Tork World.
Out of the court ot Vienna, the most
fastidious and most corrupt In the world,
has come many strange and terrible stories
that have shocked the world when the
truth about them was told. Men and wom
en have suffered from the excesses, profli
gacy and brutality of others, but the mud
has been gilded.
There has been no history more fright
ful, more awful than that of the Princess
Louise of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha,-daughter
of the king of Belgium.
Much has been written about her, and
tho truth has been carefully veneered.
The world at large was made to believe
that she was the true daughter of her
father, to whom the dissipations of the
French capital was particularly joyous. It
has been told that she eloped with a Rus
sian officer and that it was a fitting climax
to her career, which has ended in madness.
The Princess Louise passed from a pul
ace to an insane asylum. Yet tho causes
which made the Princess Louise what she
is to-day were greater than those which
took reason. from the Empress Carlotta.
For the younger Belgian princess passed
through a martyrdom that was more har
rowing, more destructive, more brutal than
that of Carlotta, which was born in revolu
tion, christened in blood and ended with
Of the real life of the Princess Louise
the world knows 'little. Tho facts have
been closely guarded.. But now a com
mission representing the Belgium cham
bers has taken up. her cause. Lawyers
are now in Vienna collecting evidence,
and if it supports the testimony of persons
of high repute the chambers will ask for
the release of the princess and the pun
ishment of her husband. Prince Philippe,
by criminal and civil process. Above all,
they will seek to make the prince dis
gorge the large fortune belonging to his
Story of Cruelty.
The plain, unvarnished facts of the life
of the Princess Louise since her marriage
twenty-three years ago are too dreadful
to be set down. Many, things may be only
Princess Louise was scarcely 17 years old
when she was married to Prince Philippe,
who is, incidentally, her cousin. He was
distinguished principally for the amount of
beer he could drink when, he was a student
at Bonn and for his orgies in Vienna
The brido was -frozen with horror af her
wedding feast, celebrated on February 4.
1875. by Prince Philippe's actions, for he
insulted her grossly before the great com
pany. She shut therseir up in her rooms
for weeks and refused to see any one but
her old nurse, who had followed her to
From the very beginning Prince Philippe
treated his wife shamefully. Very early
in her married life Princess . Louise ap
pealed to her mother, beseeching her to
persuade King Leopold to consent to a
divorce. Queen Marie has led a most
unhappy matrimonial life, and she could
sympathize with her daughter. Tho ap
peal to the king was fruitless.
"There can be no thought of divorce,"
he said, "and we will not hear it men
tioned again."
The efforts of his wife to be freed of
him came to the ear of Prince Philippe.
He set about heaping every possible hu
miliation and indignity upon his wife. He
brought .women into his own palace that
he might make love to them. He made
his wife sit at the table with him. No wom
an In her court or in her service, was
safe from him. He disdained all consider-
ations of rank In his amours.
If the princess dismissed the women who
disgraced her .under her own roof, the
prince re-engaged them. No woman could
bear these outrages without protest: none
but one of a royal, house would have en
dured them. There-were many scenes, and
in one of these the" taunts and reproaches
of his wife so enraged Prince Philippe that
lie struck her.
RenHonn of State.
"Son of a pig-sticker!" Louise is said
to have cried, alluding to the Coburg
Koharys descent from a Hungarian cattle
dealer named Kohary (Cohen), "you dare
maltreat a king's daughter!"
That which followed is so dreadful that
It Is scarcely to be believed. Prince
Philippe called his chasseur, bade lilm
fetch a riding-whip, and before the ser
vants tho prince lashed his wife until the
blood ran from her face and shoulders.
This Is only one of the stories the Belgian
commission will Investigate.
On the morning of the second day after
this a veiled woman appeared in Castle
Laeken, the summer residence of tho
king and queen of Belgium. The Princess
Louise tore the veil from her face and fell
on her knees before aer father and mother,
begging them to consent to a divorce.
Even the eloquence of her cut and bruised
face was not successful. "Reasons of
state" prevented. There was nothing fir
her to do but, to return to the Austrian
Debauchery and maltreatment of his
wife continued to distinguish Prince
Philippe's career. The princess endured
with what fortitude she could summon,
remaining in seclusion, devoting herself
to her religion and her children, a son,
leopold. who is now 20. and a daughter.
Dorothy, who' Is 17. and the daughter ot
the Duke of Schleswlg, tho brother of the
German empress. ,
It was the tragedy of Meyerling that was
the turning point in the life of the Princess
Louise. The world thinks that It knows all
about 'the circumstances attending tho
death of the Crown Prince Rudolph and his
beautiful countess, but there are not more
than twenty persons In the secret, the Aus
trian emperor." his prime minister, the pope,
the Princess Louise and the actual wit
nesses, among whom was Prince Philippe-
The Princess Louise learned the secret
from her husband's own lips. He boasted
to her of his participation, although, like
other witnesses, he had sworn before tho
papal delegate to guard the secret.
Prince Philippe's blow struck home, but
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Union Bank Note Company, 600 Delaware.
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to Welcome Mfg. Go. 407 Delaware street.
Telephone 214.
B. Gllck. leading bookstore, 710 Main.
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pany, 810 Walnut. 'Phone US.
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not in the way that he expected. The
irincess iouise is a uevout catholic, ana
her husband's breach of faith decided her
to use every possible means to obtain a
divorce. Again sne appealed to her fath
er. There was a family council. It de
cided against her. The princess asked
to be permitted to live in Belgium. This
also was denied her.
Then she turned, as a woman driven
to bay and made desperate will turn. She
stood before her relatives and declarea
that there was still a way open to her
to secure her freedom, and she would avail
herself of it. even if she dragged her name
and theirs through the mire.
The Princess Louise, the sad, sorrowing,
pious woman who had lived a life of se
' elusion, returned to Vienna with her head
high in the air. with a smile upon her
lips, with a cold gleam in her blue eyes.
She summoned milliners and had made
the most gorgeous and' showy gowns. She
who had shunned the gay court life now
sought it. None was gayer, more risque.
She appeared on the turf, took part in
late suppers, sought the companionship ot
the men who were her husband's inti
mates. At first it was said In court circles that
the princess had at last come to her senses,
but to such an extent did she carry her
frivolities that even a court that is never
censorious said that she was becoming reck
less. Until the Princess Louise carried on a
very bold flirtation with a young nobleman
Prince Philippe saw nothing. He did not
want a divorce, because he did not wish
to relinquish his wife's large fortune. He
reprimanded the young nobleman, who
promptly retired.
The princess was bound to force her hus
band to take somo action, to humiliate him
as he had outraged her. She drew to her
side her husband's adjutant and warm per
sonal friend. Lieutenant Geza von Mat
tahooch Keglevitch. ,
Efforts for Divorce.
Nothing could more clearly show the
state of the princess' mind than that which
followed. Ono night when sho knew her
husband was In the palace, she went to
the apartments of Lieutenant Keglevitch,
who was adjutant in the palace. She caused
'word to be sent to her husband as to her
Prince Philippe went to his adjutant's
rooms and confronted his wife, who was de
tiant. He struck her there, and then chal
lenged Keglevitch to light a duel. But it
was no triumph for the princess. Her hus
band told her that he knew it had ail been
arranged for his liencfit. and she should
not have a divorce. It may be remarked
that the duel was to take place twelve
months later, and in the meantime Kegle
vitch was ordered to remain away from
Then the princess, who had hoped to be
freed from her husband by an appearance
of guilt, resolved to stop at nothing. She
felt that nothing could add to her dis
crace, and that no step was too great to
pay for her freedom. Sho resolved to fly
with Keglevitch. She knew that the scan
dal would ring throughout the world, and
that her husband would not dare to ig
nore it.
Reason of the. Elopement.
So the princess and Keglevitch eloped to
Nice together, and the world knew of it.
Even Prince Philippe could not pass this
by. His first act was that of a petty
tradesman. Ho cut off his wife's allow
ance, and gave notice that he would not
be responsible for her bills.
It is said. too. that he set about ensnar
ing his wife by making her the victim of
shady financial operators. He was able
to bring a charge against her for making
spurious checks. This was followed by
an accusation of insanity.
It was a Napoleonic idea. Even a prin
cess who is insane is not credible. Her
sufferings were mere hallucinations. A
month or so ago eminent doctors found
that the princess was mad. Nothing else
could explain her conduct. She was hustled
into a private asylum near Vienna, and the
physicians of that institution declare that
she is a mental wrecK. ut course she has
no claim upon her property or that of her
husband if she is insane.
But the princess is not without friends.
As has been said, the Belgian chambers
has taken up her cause, maintaining that
a Belgian princess can not be spirited away
in a foreign country even by her husband.
Thev insisted that the princess must be
produced before a Belgian court to de
termine her mental state. If she is in
sane, a guardian will care for her interests
and she will be confined and cared for
in her native land.
If it Is proven that she Is not mad. then
the foreign office of the Austrian govern
ment will be asked to punish Prince Phil
ippe. When Yon Visit Me in Dreamt,
Sometimes In the hour before the dawn.
From a golden cup my spirit sips.
For 'tis then you come at the break of day.
And I wake with your kiss upon my lips.
And I know not whether I'm blest or no.
For your lips on mine bring back my pain.
And yet I'm glad when the day' Is done.
I may hold you close In my dreams again.
Oh. God! that you'd clasp me to your breast.
And breathe In my face your sweet, warm breath.
And apeak my name in the tones I lore.
Then float -with. me thro the gates et death".
For I would not .wake from my dreams, dear heart,
JFor after the sweet dream Joys "are o'er.
My heart so yearns like a fretting child.
To creep back into your arms once more.
Lyons, Kas.
sx73nsrEss .:ox:F:E30roKir
' 2&.2SS"SA.e OXT'S 3iCSi5a:E3LkJ2rT3.
Smith-MrCord Dry Goods Company, Sev
enth and Wyandotte. 'Phone 1423
Tho B.-R. Electric Company, 613 Dela
Hurry Up Transfer Co.. Carl Spenglcr,
.ugr. ai anu & ueiaware st. uei. sn.
Abernathy Furniture Company, 1501 to 1523
west .Nintn. 'mone J2j.
J. F. Schmelzer & Sons Arms Company,
au-ii-n .aiain.
4.02. 423 and 424 N. Y. Life bldg., tel. 14S4:
uniformed patrolmen furnished day and
J. B. McLean, 1221 McGee street. Tele
phone No. 14S6.
Nevins Bros., 1127 Grand ave. Tel. 2760.
Courtwright & Stippich. 110 East Sth st.
Tel. 1121.
Collins' Incubator Co., 1411 Main street.
Full line poultry supplies. Write for prices.
Send for circular or 6c for catalogue.
Hugh Oppenheimcr, Wholesale Jeweler,
601 and 603 Wyandotte.
Edwards & Sloane Jewelry Company, 611
Keith & Perry building. 'Phone 1207.
Rhrcpflp SZthrt. 17l-.-ac rrAi rrr th
catalogue free. Third and Holmes.
Louvre Glove Company, 1010 Main street.
Bankers & Merchants' UthogTaphh
Co.. telephone 2600. 613 Delaware sL litter
press printing and blank books.
The Love Story of John Holmes, the
"Autocrat's" Never Slurried
From the Boston Globe.
There was a romance in the lire of John
Holmes, the bachelor poet and brother of
the celebrated "Autocrat of the Breakfast
Table," Oliver Wendell Holmes, who died
at his home, 5 Appian way, Cambridge,
Thursday night.
Mr. Holmes' was born in 1S12. Although
retaining his faculties remarkably well for
his advanced uge. he had a long time been
a hopeless" invalid, and his death was con
stantly expected by his friends.
i...?r raan,y years he' Ilve1 'n the plain
little wooden house in the Appian way,
not far from the Harvard yard and al
most in sight of the spot where once
stood h(s birthplace. In his little house,
cared for by a devoted housekeeper, Mr.
Holmes seemed to lead the life of a re
cluse, but, though he went little Into gen
eral society, he led by no means the life
of a morose hermit. He always had a cir
cle of intimate friends, at whose homes he
was a most welcome guest.
As he saw more than one generation of
his own contemporaries pass away, he
made friends wltH younger persons, and
some of his-most-ardent admirers were the
college boys and girls just entering society,
whose careers he watched from infancy.
Many persons wondered that a man so
fond of domesticity never married and Ill
health was generally given as the reason.
But there was a tender, pathetic little
story told that when a young man he fell
in love with a young girl who was a gov
erness in his own family or In that of some
friend. When he wished to marry her his
mother and brother opposed him vigorous
ly. Their objection was that the girl, al
though of eminently good family, had no
money. John Holmes did not intend to
give her up. But while the matter was
under discussion the girl left Cambridge
and no one knew where she had gone. Her
lover tried vainly to find her address. It Is
said that he never knew where she had
been until he read of her death in a news
paper. He then learned that she had been
living In an out-of-the-way part of the
country with relatives, for she had too
much pride to marry a man whose familv
looked down on her.
John Holmes was said to be more like
his father. Dr. Abiel Holmes, the historian
of New England, while Oliver Wendell
Holmes resembled his mother.
John Holmes belonged to the Hirvard
class of 1S32, of which the last quinquen
nial catalogue snowea our. tnree surviv
ors besides himself Dr. AV. W. Welling
ton. J. T. Morse and William Cushlnir.
Among the more famous members of this
class were Noah Webster, Charles T.
Brooks, the German translator, and George
Ticknor Curtis.
His early friends prophesied a great
career for John Holmes, but. while he was
a deep student, especially of the classics.
he urn not put tne result or nis scnoiarsnip
into print. He was also a most witty con
versationalist, ranking in the opinion of
manv far above the "Autocrat. He re
sented any imputed superiority of his
brotner to. nimsen. nis verse ana snort
sketches have been handed down In manu
script, and it is possible that a collection
may DC maae oi tnem.
Suspicions Circumstances.
From the Indianapolis Journal.
"It looks kinder queer, Malindy," said the
new millionaire to his wife after the guest
had departed, "that tho count wouldn't
take his coat off at dinner, like the rest of
us, don't it?"
"May be he didn't have no shirt." sug
gested the lady. "I've seen fellers fixed up
that way In shows."
Oulbbles "Suppose a coif nlaver should
accidentally Injure a pedestrian by hitting
him with the ball, what would be the nen-
alty?" Barrister (a goltiuc) "Why, it
wouia simpiy ue a run oi tne green, in
which case the ball must be played where
it lies. uroosiyn ijiie.
From the New -York World.
"Well, you know,- she's awfully bashful,
an' all that: when we were first engaged,
you know, an' I wanted to kiss her, you
know. I couldn't she screamed so." "Oh!
vou mustn't let that worry you. old chaD.
she'alwaya does that:" -
Kansas City Lumber Co.. cor. 20th and
Walnut. Tel. 363.
Wyoming-sts31' Lumber Co-
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pany. Troost avenue and Nineteenth street.
Julius Baer. 1030 Main street.
-,John,A- McDonald Paint and Glass Co.,
521 and 530 Delaware street.
By HIgdon. Fischer & Thorpe. Diamond
building. Junction. Main and Delaware
streets. Kansas City. Mo.
Farm and city property bought, sold
and exchanged. P. j. FRANKLIN.
41S Sheidley bldg.
H. C. Liepsner & Co.. 6U Delaware street
Send for catalogue: free.
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pany, 723 Wyandotte st. Catalogue free.
K. C. Carriage Rubber Tire Co., 213 E.
Fifteenth street.. TeL 1363.
Cline Storage and Transfer Co., 1737-9
Grand ave. Telephone 1292.
Tho Luce & Fusscll Trunk Factory, 72a
Main. Tel. 2648.
E. J. Gump, up-to-date goods; lowest
prices. S21 Main St.: Junction. Tel. 1275.
American Type Founders Company. 6U
Delaware street.
Great Western Type Foundry, 710-12
Wall street.
Geo. P. Potvin 1221 Grand. Acent3 want
ed in each town to sell from sample books.
F. M. DeBord "Wall Paper and Paint Com
pany, 1104-6 Walnut street. 'Phone 1399.
It Has Succeeded, as a. Theme for the
Parodist, "On the Banks of
the Wabash."
From the New Tork Sun.
In the periodical literature and occasional
poetry of the United States. Kentucky, the
dark and bloody ground, has been more
generally Identified In, the popular mind
with the production and consumption of a.
superior graae of whiskey than with senti
mental matters taking-muslcal form in bal
lads. The author of tne song. "Bred in Old
Kentucky" not bread from old Kentucky,
as the parodists already have it touched
however, upon a sympathetic vein "in the
first of his song, as follows:
When a lad, I stood one day by a. cottage tar away.
And to me that day all nature seenvd more grand.
For mr Sue. with blushes red. had Just promised;
should wed. "
And I'd come, to ask her mother for her hand.
As I told the old. old tale ot a love that ntfrr would
The gray-haired, mother stroked her daughter's
And I fancied I could trace Just a tear on her kind
As she placed my sweetheart's hand la mice and
What the mother said to the young man
differed materially from what, in like cases,
according to all human observation and ex
perience, is generally said. She did not re'fer
to her daughter or to her future son-in-law.
She did not cay that matrimonial alliances
were made in heaven: she did not. add that
she had always expected that he would
propose. She did not grieve at the pros
pective loss ot her 'daughter or dry ber
tears in contemplation of the good husband
the daughter would secure. She did not
say that she hated to part with her child,
but would gain a son In losing a daughter.
Her remarks were distinctively geographi
cal, particularly impersonal and somewhat
descriptive, and as-foliows In the chorus:
She" was bred Iri old ''Kentucky, where the meadow
grass is blue.
There's the sunshine of the country in her face and
manner, too.
She was bred In eld Kentucky, take her, boy, yoa'rs
mighty lucky
When yoa marry a girl like Sue.
For some reason, which it is difficult to ex
plain, there has been considerable popular
approval of the dominant sentiment In the
song-of old Kentucky, notwithstanding th
fact that there Is no allusion in It to tho
merits of Bourbon as a beverage or tho
wholesome advantages of rve. taken Inter
nally. Heretofote Kentucky has been chief
ly noteu in tne anairs of the stage by rea
son of the horses bred and reared there.
and Kentucky thoroughbreds have gained
marxeu uistinction on many racecourses,
but the popular merit of voune women
with Kentucky as a. place of education has
not neretotore been very clearly made
known. The second verse of the senti
mental song. "Sho Was Bred In Old Ken
tucky," Is of a somewhat mournful charac
ter, as It describes the emotions of a younjr
husband after being left a widower and
contains, too. a somewhat curt reference
on his part to "the place we've long called
nome. He is represented as soliloquizing,
not as Is usual In such pathetic pictures,
in a -group of his friends and relatives.
with usually, his children in the foreground
of the picture, but slttine: alone, absolute
ly alone, disconsolate, and recalling the lan
guage of his mother-in-law. These are the)
worus or tne second verse:
Many years have passed away since that well remem
berd day
When to that dear old Kentucky home I came:
And my happiness thro-' life was my sweetheart,
trlend and wife.
For the sunshine In her heart remained the same:
1 am sitting all alone In a place we've long calicol
For yesterday my darling passed away:
Tho in tears, I think with Joy of the day when, but
a Doy.
That I took her hand and heard her mother say.
Obviously the essential point in the popuv.
larlty of a song is the excellence of tho
music, but the theme has much to do with
it and the words of description, too. For
a number of years matters connected with,
Kentucky have demanded public attention.
The play; "In Old Kentucky" has been
presented In all parts of the country, and
for that reason, perhaps, the patrons of
theaters have felt themsebres more fa
miliar with the song on that subject than
one based upon "Bred in Kansas" or "Bred
in Delaware." for Instance. The parodists
have not been slow to utilize the advant
ages offered by "She Was Bred In Old
Kentucky" as a subject for travesty.
There Is the tramps' "Bread from OM Kn
tucky." there is the racetrack "Bled In
Old Kentucky." there Is the humorous"Full
of Old Kentucky," and so on.
One That Varies the. Plan of Walk
ing; on the Key
hoard. Wilmington (DeL) Special to the New Tork. Sua.
It is not unusual to-ftnd cats that taka
pleasure in walking up and down the key
boards of pianos. oftenr causing fright to
timid folks at night. There seems to be
some fascination for the cats either In the
notes of the piano or In the thrills sent
through the cats by the vibration of the
wires. Mrs. H. T. Price, of this citv- Yiam
a cat that does not follow the usual way of
enjoying the piano. It docs not climb upon
the keyboard, but simply squats on the
piano stool and strikes the keys' with Its
front paws. It taught. Itself the trick, and
at every opportunity makes" music for it
self. It has not yet attempted to sing, but
it is young yet and may try vocal muslo
Irti. .. fcSSSSV.
. ?KH r"s,i'-SS.J. z ... if. '

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