THE KANSAS CITY JOURNAL, MONDAY, FEBRUARY 6, 1899:
EFFECT ON TREATY
Will the Clash at Manila Make Votes
Enough to Insure Ratifica
tion by the Senate.
VOTE TO BE TAKEN AT 3 TO-DAY
friends of the Treaty Are Counting Very Confidently
Upon Securing the Two Votes That They
Lacked Last Saturday,
OPPONENTS CONFESS UNEASINESS
Admit That the ilanila Engagement Is Likely to. Have
Effect of Strengthening the Hand of the
Advocates of Ratification.
Vote Will Be Watched Very Closely, and If Defeat Threatens, Some
Friend of the Treaty Will Vote No, to Qualify for Moving
' a Reconsideration Philippines Question Will
Practically Monopolize the Atten
tion of the Senate AH
"WASHINGTON. Feb. 5. Whatever may
be the result or the vote 'which Is to be
taken In the senate to-morrow on the rat
ification of the peace treaty with Spain,
the subject of tho relations of this country
to the Philippine Islands undoubtedly -will
be the uppermost topic in the senate dur
ing the -week. Tho hostile demonstration
of the Filipino forces under Aguinaldo ren
ders this -result -inevitable. This occur
rence has had the effect of Intensifying the
f eellnR in -the senate -which, had Brownout
of the controversy over tho treaty,
which-was at almost fever heat. On this
account It will be very difficult for the sen
ate tt take up other subjects.
For the present, all interest centers in
the outcome of the vote on the treaty. This
vote will mark the close of one" of the most
.memorable contests that' ever occurred in
,thc senate, and .there is profound and wide
stread interest in the outcome.
Vote to Be Talten To-day.
The vote is set for 3 o'clopk, and the bal
loting will bejrin promptly at that hour.
The first vote will bo on amendments.
Of these, tho only important one yet of
fered. Is by Mr. Vest, placing the.. Philip
pines on the same basis as Cuba. The vo:e
will then be taken upon tho treaty Itself.
A favorable voto on the part of two-thirds
of the members of the senate Is necessary
to secure ratification. Hence, with a full
membership of tho senate, sixty votes will
be necessary to secure a favorable result.
There are now seven senators absent
from tho city. Of these, five, namely
Jlesfrs Proctor, Stewart, Cannon, Wilson
and Wetmore. are favorable to the treaty,
and Messrs "White and Turpie are opposed
to It. Senator Stewart Is expected to ar
rive In time to cast his vote, and If this
expectation should be realized, there will
be only six absentees, and It would be' very
convenient to arrange for pairs, as two
senators In tho affirmative will necessarily
be paired against one in the negative. On
this basis, the total voto of the senate
would be eighty-five, and llf ty-slx would be
necessary to ratify.
Friends of Treaty Hopeful.
Tho friends of the treaty are counting
very confidently upon securing these votes.
When the senate adjourned Saturday, they
lacked only two, votes of having tho nec
essary number, and the general opinion
among the advocates of the treaty Is that
the hostllltlcs'in Manila will have the effect
of bringing' a sufHcent number to their
standard to insure a favorable- result. They
say there are half a dozen senators who
are not 'so completely -committed against
the treaty as to prevent their coming to
the affirmative side.
The opponents of the treaty do not con
cede their defeat, but some of them private
ly confess uneasiness over tho result as
the effect of the Manila engagement. Every
ballot, as it is cast, will be scrutinized -with, acknowledged the Independence of the Phll
the utmost interest, and very close tab wlU iPPne government and the United States
be kept by many senators on the progress
of the vote. If it should become apparent
that the treaty is to be defeated, somo
friend of it will cast his vote In the nega
tive for the purpose of moving a recon
sideration, and this motion for a reconsid
eration will be mado Immediately after the
negative result Is known.
As to an Extra Session.
Whether, however, the treaty should bo
postponed for'an extra session will depend
upon subsequent developments.
The proceedings In connection with the:
jiote will be entirely in executive session.'
but if the unanimous agreement is ob
served, the first two hours of the day's
session will be open to the public. It is
possible, however, that there may be a
motion to close the doors immediately after
convening, because of the feeling that the
situation is too grave to permit of open dis
cussion. The only other important questions that
are likely to come up after the ratification
of the treaty are tho appropriation bills.
Several cf these ore ready for consideration,
and of these the Indian bill will be the
first to be taken up. If other important
measures are brought under consideration
it will be only for the purpose of (furnishing
a subject of debate and not of passing
Senator Frye, a member of the peace
commlspion, and a supporter of the treaty,
said: "The condition is what I have been
predicting every day since the discussion
of the treaty began. The absurd compli
ments that have been heaped upon Aguin
aldo and the delay in ratifying the treaty
have had the effect of encouraging him to
make an attack before reinforcements from
the United States could arrive at Manila.
If the treaty had been promptly ratified, it
is my opinion that the Philippine islands
would have been as quiet and peaceful to
day as are the United. States. I had fully
expected that the rejection of the treaty
would be followed by an attack upon our
forces In Manila and it has come only a
few days In advance of the time I expected.
As for our status In the Philippines, we are
in Manila and Manila bay by virtue of the
protocol and under well established prin
ciple of international law. We have a per
fect right to defend Manila and ourselves
if attacked. I said last night in' Philadel
phia that I expected just such news as we
have received, and It has come even In ad
vance of the time I counted upon."
Senator Rawlins, whose vote has been
counted as unfavorable to the treaty, but
who has been regarded as doubtful, said:
"Our status in the Philippines, as I un
derstand it. Is this: The inhabitants of the
islands still owe allegiance to the Spanish
kingdom, but our troops arc in temporary
military occupancy of Manila under the
terms of the protocol. If they have at
tacked the "United States forces they have
done so in violation of the protocol or ar
mistice between Spain and the United
States, for which. If it were worth while,
we might hold Spain responsible in some
way which I do not undertake to suggest.
The attack Indicates that the natives are
not friendly to the United States and that
if we undertake, to retain control there we
shall, for some time, have the same difficul
ties which Spain has encountered. If we
owe the natives any obligation at the pres
ent time they do not seem to appreciate
our method of discharging It. The affair
emphasizes the Importance of our being rid
of tho responsibility thrown upon us as
soon as we can possibly dispose of It."
Senator Harris, who has been generally
regarded as in the doubtful list in the vote
on the treaty, said: "
"I announced several days ago that I
expected to vote for the treaty and I only
regret that the vote could not have been
secured before the battle at Manila oc
curred, as I think such action would have
had a tendency to pacify the natives and
keep them quiet. The Filipinos are a peo
ple of peculiar temperament, and they
would have been Impressed by prompt ac
tion on the part of the senate. Of course
there Is nothing to do now in Manila but
to stand our ground and take the best care
of our forces there that Is possible!"
Senator Lindsay, who will vote for the
"To my. mind It would have been better
If there could have been an earlier disposi
tion of the treaty by the senate, for I
think a collision would hava been prevent
ed by ratifying the treaty. We have never
lorces are iawiuu &i uaima. ui cuurac.
we will defend ourselves from attack.
matter whence It comes.
"It Is difficult to say what effect the
trouble at Manila may have upon the sen
ate's action with respect to the treaty. Sen
ators on both sides of the question of rati
fication may be rendered the more deter
mined by the occurrence. In law, until the
treaty shall have been ratified, the Filipinos
are Spaniards, and particularly. In the pres
ent circumstances, are our enemies."
Senator Cullom, a member of the com-
I mittce on foreign relations, and a sup-
porter of tho treaty, said:
"The fighting at Manila is a very, serious
affair and I am sorry that It occurred, but
I am gratified that our army was able to
more than hold Us own. There Is only one
thing to do, and that is to stand our
ground, and if more troops are needed, the
government ought to send them promptly.
Until the treaty is ratified, we are technic
ally at war with Spain and our army was
sent to the Philippines as one means of
conquering Spain. Probably the attack was
made by Aguinaldo and his followers In
the hope of Influencing the senate of the
United States to defeat the treaty. It ought
to be regarded by every patriotic Ameri
can as a reason why tho treaty should be
ratified without a day's delay. In my judg
ment tho Insurgents have been induced to
make this attack for the purpose of in
fluencing public opinion In the United
States in favor of the withdrawal of our
army from the Islands, but it seems to me
that it must have an exactly opposite ef
fect. I have not now and have not had
much patience with the course pursued by
the opposition to the treaty, because I be
lieve it would bring forth just what has
occurred. The fight ought to have the ef
fect of securing the ratification of the
treaty, and I hope it will."
Senator Morgan, a member of the com
mittee on foreign relations, and a support
er of the treaty from Its introduction into
the senate, said:
"I have known for several days that it
was the opinion of the best informed men
in Washington that Agulnaldo's agent,
Agoncillo, had cabled to his principal In
forming him that a vote would be taken
on the treaty on Monday, at the same time
advising him to precipitate hostilities prev
ious to the time set for the ballot. I have
not been at liberty to mention this fact to
my colleagues in the senate becauso It came
to me In a way that made it a secret con
fidence. The attack upon our forces, there
fore, is no disappointment to me.
"A strong impulse has undoubtedly been
given to this movement by the earnest in
sistence of some leading men and leading
newspapers that the treaty wlth'Spain was
a violation of the constitution of the United
States. From the first Intrusion Into the
subject, when he demanded for Aguinaldo,
that the alleged Philippine government
government should be admitted to partici
pate In making the treaty down to hia
memorial to the senate of January SO,
Agoncillo has insisted that the government
he represents, or pretends to represent, ia
sovereign and independent and that the
United States has no jurisdiction over it
without the cdnsent of the Filipinos. This
is the only issue he has presented as the
representative of Aguinaldo. His demand
has been for a recognition of independence
or nothing, and that we should give this
recognition or fight.
"On the part of Aguinaldo, who Is doubt
less supported by other foreign influences,
this outbreak against our army In Manila
Is a crime due entirely to personal ambi
tion. He must believe, although I do not
agree with him, that he has secured and
will secure material support for his course
in the United States. This misconception
of his has involved us In unnecessary
bloodshed and In war, which, if it is not
checked at once, will spread Into Cuba and
Porto Rico. It is, therefore, in my opinion,
the duty, as I hope it will be the indignant
demand, that the United States govern
ment should bring all of its powers to bear
at once to convince these people that they
owe obedience to the law of nations and to
show them that their ingratitude to kind
ness and forbearance is a crime that must
be answered for."
Senator Cockrell, who Is recognized as
one of the strong opponents of the treaty,
was not disposed to discuss at length the
situation as affected by the hostilities at
Manila. "I do not know," he said, "what
effect the trouble may have on the senate.
There are many men of many minds. I
do not believe there would have been any
trouble had an authorized declaration of
our peaceful Intent been made. Had such
a declaration been made by the constituted
authorities the congress and the president
I. do not believe there would have been
a vote against the ratification of the treaty.
I cannot discuss at this time our situation
in the Philippines. The Information fit
hand Is too meager to enable me intelli
gently or properly to enter Into it."
Senator Foraker, a member of the foreign
relations committee and a stanch sup
porter of the treaty, said: "The situation
in the Philippines is peculiar. The legal
status of the Filipinos Is, and will be until
the treaty shall have been ratified, that of
Spaniards. The American army and navy
are rightfully at Manila and if attacked
cannot do less than resist and defend them
selves. While, therefore, such trouble as
has occurred is deplorable and so far as
we are concerned, unavoidable, it em
phasizes the duty of the hour, which Is to
ratify the treaty immediately. That will
end the war and give to congress the right
and authority to deal with all these ques
tions as the situation may 'require."
Senator Bacon, who, while he has de
clared his opposition tq the treaty, possibly
may vote for its ratification, said: "I am
not surprised that hostilities have broken
out. I said in the senate on the 18th of
January, that In the absence of any decla
ration of pacific Intent by the United States
and a disclaimer of purpose forcibly to
annex the Philippine islands, there was
dally danger of a collision between the two
armies confronting each other at Manila.
The hostility of the Filipinos Is due to their
apprehension and belief that the United
States will attempt to subjugate them.
There would have been no hostilities If they
could have had an assurance from this gov
ernment to the contrary. I very much fear
that the effort forcibly to annex the Philip
pine Islands will result in a long and costly
war, even If we have only the Filipinos to
"They are 7.0Q0 miles away across the
water, are three times as numerous as the
American colonists were during the Revolu
tionary war, and occupy several hundred
Islands, affording exceptional opportunities
for successful and long continued guerrilla
warfare. Our' status In the Philippines is
defined at present by, the protocol and, of
course, if our troops are attacked they are
obliged to defend themselves. In my opin
ion the ratification of the treaty will make
certain the Filipino war with which hereto
fore we have only been threatened; and
we will be fortunate If wo escape serious
European complications. At present I do
not see that the trouble at Manila should
change the position of anyone with respect
to the ratification of the treaty. But what
ever may bo the position of one as to rati
fication. If war comes, whether right or
wrong, everybody will sustain the govern
ment in pressing it to a successful con
clusion." Reed Refuses to Talk.
Speaker Reed and Chairman Hitt, of the
foreign affairs committee of the house, de
clined to express for publication any views
either as to our status in the Philippines
or the probable effect of the insurgents' at
tack upon our lines upon the ratification of
the treaty in the senate to-morrow.
General Joseph Wheeler expressed the
conviction that the casualties were not as
great as first reported. He said that the
omriie-pment at Manila would also pass the
army bill. t$
Senator Lodge, of Massachusetts, a mem
ber of the committee on foreign relations.
"On the proposition presented, I am In
favor of standing by Dewey and Otis as
against Aguinaldo. Our status in the
Philippines is that, under the protocol, we
are in possession of the city, bay and har
bor of Manila. We are acting under a
truce with Spain. Those people who have
attacked the United States forces are. in
the eye of international law. still subjects
of Spain, and would be until the treaty is
ratified- They have violated the truce and
are our public enemies, and should be
treated as such. It was known week ago
that Agoncillo, the representative of Aguin
aldo in Washington, was ready to pack up
and go away, giving up everything, but
the action of those who' have opposed the
treaty and the assurances he has received
from someone resulted In his remaining,
and the encouragement which the Filipinos
Life Was Becoming Burdensome
and There Was No Pleasure In
Anythlng-What Hood's Sarsa
parllla Did In This Case.
"I have been sufferer from catarrh,
dyspepsia and piles, and life was becom
ing' burdensome. I had a constant tired
feeling and felt so bad that there waa no
pleasure for me in anything. I tried
various remedies with no good results.
In fact, some of them made me worse and
I gave up medicines and thought I would
wear the disease out. I found I could not
do this and I began taking Hood's Sana
parllla and Hood's Pills. That terrible
tired feeling is now gone, the catarrh has
disappeared and I am able to go about my
work with pleasure. From my experi
ence I can testify that Hood's Sarsaparllla
purifies the blood, builds up the system
and makes a mau feel that life is worth
living." Frank Wiixbaeqeb, 1318 La
mime Street, Sedalia, Missouri.
Is the best-In fact the One True Blood Puriner.
Insist upon Hood's: take no substitute.
Hnnrl'c Pillc are the favorite cathar
rlOOU S flllS tic. All druggists. 25c.
have received from the United States has
no doubt led to tho attack upon the Amer
Senator Gorman, of Maryland, who is
the leader and organizer of tho opposition
to the treaty in the senate, said, as to the
effect the conflict at Manila would have
upon the treaty:
"It will have no effect whatever. What
has occurred is the result of what has been
predicted by the opponents of the treaty
all the time. Tho opponents of the treaty
said that trouble would come if we han
dled thoe people without gloves and un
dertook to force ourselves upon them with
out their consent. This battlo can have no
effect upon tho opponents of the treaty in
Senator Pettigrew "We could have had
no possible difficulty with the people ofthe
Philippines if we had given to them the
honest assurance that we did not propose
to overthrow their newly established lib
erties. Instead, we made a treaty with
Spain by which the country was ceded to
us and we began at once to occupy It with
troops and send reinforcements, which was
sufficient cause to arouse alarm. The dis
patch of several thousand more regulars
lately, of course, created apprehension on
the part of the people of tho Philippine
republic We should do now what we
should have done in the first place state
to the people of those islands our good In
tentions and say to them establish your
republic and we will not allow other na
tions to Interfere. Give us your bonds to
reimburse us for our expense In securing
you your liberty; we welcome you to the
family of the republics of the world.
The course of the administration, on
the contrary, has been one of criminal
aggression and apparent bad faith. There
can be no question in the mind of any
one who has read the instructions to the
peace commissioners, that the president's
purpose always was to make a permanent
claim to the Island of Luzon. To turn
upon an ally In this way is certainly the
greatest international crime of the coun
try. I believe the treaty, should be amend
ed at once, so as to give assurance to
these people of our good faith, and thus
make thern our friends, even under these
trying circumstances. We should even now
withdraw our military forces, and allow
them to establish a military government
of their own."
Senator Pettigrew said that, in his opin
ion, the fighting would not delay a .vote
on the treaty. The opponents of the treaty
he said, had counted on thirty-three votes
as opposed to ratification, but had lost one
of them, and he could not say whether
the latest news would cause any other
Senator Teller, who has from the first
been a stanch supporter of the treaty, said:
"Our army Is In Manila-bjv right of, con
quest and'under'the lawSCf 'war. We "are
justified In maintaining, our position there
against all who may attack Us. I have
been uneasy in regard to the tiituatlon ever
since I saw that Aguinaldo had been au
thored by his So-called congress to de
clare war upon the United States. Thre
was never any danger of the United States
making an attack upon the Filipinos, but
there has been danger from the outset that
they, not knowing the conditions here and
laboring under excitement, would make an
assault upon our forces. But under the
circumstances the government has been
powerless to do anything to prevent the
S resent serious combination of affairs in
lanila. Under the laws of nations the
Philippine people are citizens of Spain and
of course there is nothing to do but to
fight them until they surrender and bring
them to a sense of their position. It is impos
sible now for our government to withdraw.
If It has not troops enough to subdue the
insurgents we must send enough. The oc
currence will not prevent our doing justice
bv the Filipinos In the end, but It certainly
postpones the establishment of a govern
ment there for the present.
"I think It most unfortunate that the
peace treaty was not ratified the first week
after It came to the senate. I don't sup
pose that the islanders have read the
speeches which have been made In the
senate predicting the wicked things this
government would do in case of the ratifi
cation of the treaty, but I have no doubt
the delay had the effect of causing the
opinion among the natives that our govern
ment would be embarrassed by the senti
ment of the American people, and that this
condition of affairs has tended to compli
cate matters. I think It very much to be
regretted that the attack on the treaty I.as
assumed a political aspect."
Senator Elklns, who has been very active
In favor of the treaty,, expressed the opin
ion to-night that enough votes would be
found to ratify It. This morning, he said,
ho did not see where they were to come
from, but he has had information tlnce
indicating that one or two wavering sen
ators would find in the conflict which had
occurred at Manila an excuse to vote for
Senator Elklns said that the position of
Aguinaldo was perhaps logical, with the
treaty unratified, as Spain had gotten out
and the United States did not take pos
session, so Aguinaldo says: "I'm here, and
will take possession." The senator added
that the only thine to do was to ratlfv
the treaty so as to definitely fix the status
of the Philippine islands.
Senator Martin, of Virginia, who was one
of the opponents of the treaty, said: "The
news from Manila will not have any ef
fect on the treaty. No man will change
his mind on accoount of what has occurred
there, it can not affect the status in the
THE NERVE0F SPAIN!
Negotiating for Release of Prisoners
and Expects America to Foot
MADRID, Feb. 5. The Spanish govern
ment, through tho French embassy at
Washington, has sent a communication to
the government of the United States, eay
lng that, in view of the failure of the
Americans to obtain the release of the
Spanish prisoners, the Spanish government
Itself has taken steps to obtain their re
lease. But as this will necessitate a cer
tain expense, the government of Spain re
calls the fact that the stipulations' of the
treaty of Paris oblige tho Americans to
obtain the liberation of the Spaniards.
General Flos, commanding the Spanish
troops In tne Philippines, cables that
Aguinaldo offers to release the" Spanish
prisoners on the payment of $500,000 and the
handing over to him of the cannon, rifles
and 3,000,000 cartridges belonging to the
Spaniard. The government here replied
that it could not accept this transaction,
as It would be equivalent to Indirect pro
tection of the Insurgents, which would be. a
breach of the Spanish engagements with
the United States. Aguinaldo, it appears,
still retains the civil prisoners and the
Storm In Indian Territory.
SOUTH M'CAL.ISTER. I. T., Feb. 5.
(Special.) A snow storm has prevailed
throughout the territory for tho past twenty-four
hours, which has delayed trains on
the railroads and probably killed many
head of stock. Reports from different
points of the territory state a similar
Austin Moore, the Choctaw Indian who
shot and killed Buck Collins near White
field. I. T.. and made his escape last week.
has been captured and placed In jail at
South McAlester to await the action of tho
If yon wake in the morning with a bit
ter taste in the mouth, coated tongue, per
haps headache, your liver Is torpid. XOU
need Carter's Little. Liver Fills.
WANT IT MODIFIED
PROTEST AGAINST PEACE TREATY
SENT TO THE SENATE.
SIGNED ONLY BY NOTABLES
CLEVELAND, CARNEGIE, SCHURZ
AND POTTER AMONG THEM.
Amendment Demanded Declaring-That
Porto Rico and the Philippines
Shall Never Be Governed
Without the Consent
of the Governed.
NEW TORK, Feb. 5. Tho following pe
tition, signed by twenty-four citizens of the
United States, and addressed "to the senate
of the United States," was, made public to
night. The signers arc:
Charles Francis Adams, Boston.
George S. Boutwcll, cx-socrctary of the
John G. Carlisle, ex-secretary of the
Grover Cleveland, ex-president of the
Theodore L. Cuyler.
Charles H. Eliot, president of Harvard
Samuel Gompers, president of the Ameri
can Federation of Labor.
John B. Henderson, ex-United States sen
ator from Missouri. ,
wmifiYT, "R Ttornhloxcer.
I AV. B. Palmer, president of the Rio
Grande Wettern railway.
Wheeler H. Feckham.
Sherman S. Rogers, Buffalo.
Carl Schurz, cx-hecretary of the interior.
Edward M. Shepard.
Edwin Burritt Smith, Chicago.
Moorfleld Story, Boston.
William G. Sumner. Yalo university.
Rev. Mr. Henry Van Dyke.
Herman Von Hoist. University of Chi
cago. William L. Wilson, ex-postmaster gen
eral, now president of Washington and
Lee university. Virginia.
Theodore S. Woolsey. Tale university.
Henry C. Potter, blshbp of New York.
"To the Senate of "the United States.
"The undersigned respectfully submit
that the treaty between the United States
and the kingdom of Spain, now before your
honorable body, ought not to be ratitled
until provision shall.be inserted, as part of
its text, to" the effect that the United
States shall not annex" the Philippine isl
ands or Porto Rico, or permit their Inhab
itants to become citizens, or compel them
to become subjects, of the United States
without their free consent and the further
express authority of congress. There
seems to be no reason to doubt the entire
willingness of Spain to modify the treaty in
these respects, or to suppose that the de
lay of Its ratification for this purpose in
volves the slightest renewal of hostilities.
"We submit that every constitutional
treaty, when ratified, becomes a part of the
'supreme law of the land' (constitution,
article 1). If the United States accept ab
solute cession of the Philippines and Porto
Rico under the treaty, ,lt will be claimed
with a force Irresistible that tho accept
ance will, of itself make the territory ceded
a part of the United States and give to
their Inhabitants (who shall not elect to
retain Spanish citizenship) and to their de
scendants the rights of American citizens.
"We submit that the treaty, unless modi
fled, will Introduce changes of a far-reaching'
character into both the foreign and
.inmost In Dolicles of this republic. The
late war was undertaken with our distinct
assurance that we did not look toward
foreign conquest or the acquisition of ter
ritory. It was understood and to this we
plighted the honor of the American na
tion, in the ca-ise of humanity and liberty,
and for other purposes.
"As a result of the war, Cuba. Porto Rico
and the many hundred Islands near the
coast of Asia, known as the Philippines,
have fallen more or less under the control
of this country. 'Spain abandons ner sov
ereignty over all of them. But, In addi
tion, the treaty purposes that, as to the
Philippines and Porto Rico, an absolute
cession shall be made to and accepted by
the United States. Over the Philippines and
Porto Rico, therefore, should the treaty be
confirmed, the United States will acquire
precisely the sovereignty which Spain has
enjoyed. The president has on various oc
casions Indicated a disposition on the part
of the executive to hold the Philippines and
Porto Rico as a part of the United States,
and as has been pointed out, that may
well be the effect of the treaty In Us pres
ent form. Such, at any rate, Is the In
tention of most of those who are now
crowding upon us the plan of "expansion."
"The public sentiment of our country Is
not ready to endure the concession of
American citizenship to the Filipinos and
'But the effort will, for the time at least,
no doubt, be to hold their islands under
revenue, tariff, navigation ,and other laws
very different from those, in the United
States. The Philippines and Porto Rico
would at least at the outset, be separate
dependencies under an extra-territorial and
extra-constitutional sovereignty not pro
vided for in tho constitution of the United
States and grossly inconsistent with Us en
tire spirit and intent. That this sovcr-
elrntv in the case of tho Philippines Is
extra-territorial is tho more apparent from
the fact that the constitution was cstaD
lished for tho United States of America
and not for the United States of America
and Asia. That the transfer proposed Is a
transfer of sovereignty Is obvious from the
fact that the consent of the people of the
Philippines and Porto Rico Is Ignored in
their transfer from Spain to tho United
States and Is hereafter to be considered
only as far as the United States shall see
fit to give Its consideration.
"We further submit that. In the history
of our nation, there Is no precedent for an
acquisition of this sort of the territory of
a distant nationality, peopled by other
races and belonging to another continent.
In the case of Louisiana, President Jeffer
son expressed the opinion that the an
nexation was unconstitutional, and needed
the authority of constitutional amend
ment. The resolution annexing Texas did
not pass without the well Known protest
against Us constitutionality, made in the
senate by Daniel Webster. If the exigen
cies under which the Louisiana and Texas
annexation were made caused the question
of their constitutionality to be ignored,
it was because those territories were Im
mediately contiguous- to the United States,
were situated In the same latitude, were
practically uninhabited and contained a
vest area of virgin territory which inevit
ably had to be settled by Americans who
had already explained It, and had begun
to overflow its boundaries.
"With neither Loulsana, Florida nor Cal
ifornia, was It the case, nor until now has
THERE IS A CUSS OF PEOPLE
Who are Injured by the use of coffee. Re
cently there has been placed In all the gro
cery stores a new preparation called
GRAIN-O. made of pure grains, that takes
the place of coffee. The most delicate stom
ach receives It without distress, and but few
can tell it from coffee. It does "not cost over
u as much. "Children may drink it with
..i hpneflt- 15 rtH. and 25 eta. ner nack-
Jerc. Try it. Ask tor GRAIN-O.
it been thought possible under our form of
government that a permanent extra-territorial
and extra constitutional soverei
gnty should be setablisbed by the United
States over dependencies not intended here
after to be made states, or to be governed
by laws In common with the United States
or as part thereof.
"What is now proposed Is a wholly new
departure, full of menace to the Integrlty
and permanence of American Institutions.
"We respectfully submit that, accord
ing to the principles upon which our re
public was founded, we are in duty bound
to recognize the rights of the inhabitants
of the Philippines and of Porto Rico to
Independence and self-government, precise
ly as we hae recognized that right In
the case of the inhabitants of Cuba: that
If. as President McKlnley declared, 'forci
ble annexation cannot be thought of in
the case of Cuba because it would, by our
code of morals be "criminal aggression
and forcible annexation or the Philippines
will be no less criminal aggression accord
ing to the nam code of morals
"The Philippines' have a more settled
government and the control of their i.-lauds
is more extensive than the Cubing when
we took up arms in their behalf. But we
declared as to Cuba that It 'is and or
right ought to be free and independent."
Why ought we not then, frankly and gen
erously, to say of the Philippine that they
uro ana oi rignt ought to be free and In
dependent." "Since their population has. as an un
foreseen incident of tin war. waged by the
United Statet. for the liberation of the Cu
bans, fallen more or less under the control
or Influence of thlp republic, snould we
not. instead of an effort to subjugate them,
which would most probably be bloody and
long-continued, aid them to assume the
functions of Independent government In
good faith and with all possible expedi
tion? Will this not bi the surest as well as
the only just and righteous way to uoid
conflict with them and to maintain with
them friendly relations fruitful to both
sides? Ought we not, in their case, follow
the precedent set by us for "Mexico and
"Ought we not to use our power and our
Influence in diplomacy to guarantee them
against foreign aggression while they work
out their own fortune, rather than by a
plighted faith, to oursehes become the
"We submit In conclusion that the sober
second thought of the American people
will support your honorable body in a re
fusal to ratify the Spanish treaty until
Its text shall be so modified that it will,
beyond constitutional doubt, assure inde
pendence to the Philippines and Porto
Rico and protect our "own republic trom
any danger that they shall become Ameri
can states or that their Inhabitants shall
become American citizens."
DOWN IN GEORGIA.
Recollections of a Campmeetlns; Un
der Yellotv Pines The Songs
From the Chicago Tribune.
A true campmeetlng scene that comes
vividly to every child raised on Southern
soil is one where the branches of the trees,
meeting overhead, make a patchwork of
sky, and let the sunlight fall aslant the
board seats and the log cabin church.
Dah wan a man. he name wah Lot;
Dat's list what de Good Book say.
He habe a wife, an' a daughter sot;
Dat's lis what de Good Book tar
He wife she balk an make a halt.
An de Lawd He turned her Into salt;
O, dat's what de Good Book say
go ringing through the brain ever after,
and through a maze of melodious discord
comes the vigorous chorus:
Dat's jls what de Good Book say. It am;
Yes, dat's what de Good Book say.
Jis read It froo. you'll fin' it true
Jis what de Good Book sar.
Then with scarcely a breath of Intermis
sion comes another verse accompanied by
nodding heads and swaying bodies, work
ing the worshipers into proper warmth:
01 Adam he wah de (us built man.
Dat's Jis what de Good Book. say.
An Ebe came nex' an' sin began.
Dat's what de Good Book sar.
Ebe bit de apple clean In two
A berry wicked (tag tub Ebe, to do:
But dat's what de Good Book sar. It am.
Then with an energy almost frenzy they
repeat the chorus, wntle the preacher, vio
lently beating the rail with his book, gy
rates over the loose planks of the Impro
vised rostrum, while his glasses hang on
the end of his nose.
It is not yet time for the sermon, as
mules, horses, oxen, and foot travelers are
yet arriving on the outskirts, hedeinc the
great mass around with a curious medley
of wagons in all stages of collapse, some
with two wreels, some with four: some
with patches of cotton, telling of recent
transportation of a new bale; some cover
ed, most of them not; and besides, n cu
rious collection of discarded white folks'
shays, from a jaunty "Jumper" to a lum
bering family coach with tales of recon
struction showing all over It.
A few handshakes and they break into
another favorite song, accompanied by va
rious high treble voices with everchanglng
O, I long tub to reach dat hearnly sho".
To meet ole Peter, standln' at de doo.
He say to me. "O. bow does yo do?
Come set richt yondah in de Kol'en new.
Fo' de good colo'd people, da goes clean, froo
To dip In de gol'en sea."
As arms wave and bodies sway, the
brethren Join In with:
Den dip me! Bave me,
Slstahs yo an me;
Come git In de boat, lease we's all gwlnter float,
Fo' to dip In de gol'en sea.
This quaint air is having its desired ef
fect. It is a promise of heaven, and they
hang to the last "sea" until way down
front a sister thrills them to join in:
Good Mr. Jesus a-setUn' In de prow.
Come all yo' nlggahs an make yo' bow.
O. X looks down on dls worl' below.
An' watch de white trash shubblln snow.
While angel fishes nip my toe.
While I dip In de gol'en sea.
The eong has had its effect, and the
crowd Is a seething, moving mass of pas
sion and excitement. The minister takes
this opportunity to picture to them the
tortures of the rich man In hell, down In
tho loweBt depth of torture, hissing on a
gridiron, with bright flames licking about
him, a devil with a tall of flames and eyes
burning coals, who keeps tho sparks fly
ing. Pure, fresh water In sight, the sound
of Its rushing in his ears, but never a
drop to quench his thirst. The sigh of
breezes as they bend the far distant trees
of paradise, but never a breath on his
scorching body. Torture, torture, terrible,
awful, everlasting. Torture from the bears
.in the woods who tore the children limb
from limb, and now send the pickaninnies'
eyes rolling to the brush heaps around
them. Torture of Cain when he saw the
bloody corpse of Abel in the pit. Torture,
never ending. Short snatches of song
breaK irom tne excited nps. out tnc min
ister is inspired, and never stops. An ex
cited sister Jumns into the back of anoth
er's dress and tears it from the belt. This
brings on an unexpected awakening, and a
scuffle with more temper than religion In
it ensues, but it all goes Into the service.
A stout negro sings out his excited "Good
Lawd come,"and falls on the neck of the
sister next to him. Never mind, it is all
In the service. Tho little negroes becomo
frightened and shriek and cry. while older
ones get Into lively tussles. Tho minister
keeps on with his burning oration, stoop
ing, jumping, swinging his whole body In
an excited effort to Impress the picture.
A voice of weird intonation falls on the
car, so in keeping with the picture that
others fall in:
o: hell It burn, an' hell It bake.
Hell's fuh t keep de sinner wake;
Hit's fun de bruddah what's soul am white.
lilt's fuh de bruddah what steals in de night;
Hit's full de rich, an' hit's fuh de poo".
Hit's fuh de white trash here below, etc.
Its dozens of lines chanted in monoto
nous tones are Interspersed with sighs and
groans as the picture grows more vivid.
The low chant bursts Into loud melodies
until the mass of blacks are a wrlthinir,
maddened, shouting crowd, crazed by the
terrible pictures. The pr-ayers of "Good
Lawd, come down come down right now."
eiiho through their midst, whilo their
'arms beat the air In frenzy.
Dreyfus Drives Them Mad.
Dr. l.lchant, a well known criminologist,
states that during the progress of the ZoU
trial last year twenty-five patients were
admitted to the establishment of St. Anne
suffering from madness engendered by
the "affaire Dreyfus." Since then, says La
Patrie (Paris), the malady has been stead
ily growing, and the number of persons
suffering from it is on the Increase.
Pln-Prlclc That Was Fatal.
At the inquest at the Camber-well's cor
oner's court (Londonl the other day it was
shown that a widow?! years of age, named
Alicia Caygill, living In Reynolds road.
Peckham. had died from blood poisoning,
which had been set up through her having
pricked her finger with a hatpin about
three weeks ago.
Philadelphia Lawyer a Suicide.
PHILADELPHIA. Feb. 5. Maurice E.
Fagan. aged 55 years, formerly a, well
known lawver In this city, hut latWy of
Colling ood. N. J., committed tnilclde last
night in Laurel Hill cemetery by shooting
himself throueh the head. Mo- had btcn
i Buffering from rheumatism for some Um.
"9 Days Wonder"
There's 6 days more of it. and it cm
brace.s everjtning from wreckage to
finest silks. Iteady-to-wcar garments
; or every sort have had their prices
, smashed with a vengeance-. Of special
, interest to men In to-day's sale should
, be noted:
, ,2,Mi-, yards? "-.assorted Casslmercs.
, Worsteds- and Cheviots-, from Thorman
, Ac Schloss" Tailoring establishment in
Terre Haute. Ind all bigh-clas-J
, goods.lu single fold., goods slightly
damaged on edge, on s-ale in four lots.
, (All were originally double fold goods.)
, Lot 1 ."40 yards as-orted Cabslmcjes.
, Worsteds and ChcIots. more or less
, damaged on lioth .dges, goods .the
, original value ot which was from Jt.a0
, to J". at. per yard ::5
SCO yards Cassimeres. Worsteds ,and
Cheviots, not so badly damaged, at.
per yard Klc
I,& yards CasslmereJ", Worsteds; ami
CheWots. edges only slightly damaged.
practically perfect condition, goods In
that lot worth up to $3.50. at. jcr
-'") jards Serges. Cheviots and Cassl-
meres. In practically perfect condition.
goods have been burnt on double fpld.
making them single width, worth from
W..-i to t;n. in this sale at. per yd.Ooc
The Wreckage. Dei.irtment. not"be-
ing large enough for rlearancc sale
demands, there nlll be an
I Overflow Sale of Carpets
t and Mattings
In Millinery Department k
t These goods are all from a recent great
fire in Western Missouri, and are ncar
r ly all perfect.
9 rolls extra heavy Hemp Carpet,
: fancy patterns. 13c quality. ,ln this sale
: at. per yard c
I 1 lot ."l Napier Matting, wide striped
patterns, regular value -U.c. in this sale.
I per yard sUo
I 1 lot 6-1 Napier Matting, wide stripe
k patterns, regular value 5Sc. In this sale
t at. per jard ,c
I 6-t Cocoa Matting, either plain or
y striped patterns. 73c grade. In this sale
t at. per yard Wc
k One small lot short length Tapestry
k Brussels Carnets. ! to 3 yards tn
E piece, all practically perfect condition.
at. per yard : a5c J
1 lot of all wool Ingrain Carpets.
t, medium patterns, edges only slightly
E water soiled, "wc quality, in this sale
at. per yard -Klc
All wool super Ingrain Carpet, rac-i
k dium patterns, edges only slightly
soiled. 63c quality, at, per yard...Uc
l Overflow Sale of Trunks I
In Wall Paper Department 2d Floor.
k 3X Trunks from one of the biggest J
k trunk factories in Wisconsin, worth X
L all the way from J3.00 to $10.00. Here X
k.arc a few of them. The damage to X
k any of them Is only very slight from
y smoke or water; -
k o-iiiuu hSieaiuer xruim. caiitas tu.n, 4
L with hardwood strips, with open tray-
k regular value H.au, in this saic.f."
L awncn steamer Trunk, same style .
i as above, at , JI.TJ ,
k, sb-incn steamer Trunks, wltn metal .
k corners, canvas cover, open tray.
w-incu canvas cover oieamer xruniv. .
ft with hardwood striDS and metal cor-.
ft ners. in this sale at Ri.tn ,
ft 36-inch oval top zinc Trunk, metal
k corners, at - Jftt.oo
k ZS-lnch canvas cover Trunk, single .
k tray, metal corners, hardwood strips.
y '4.S0 value, in this sale at ""i.l
r 34-Inch canvas cover Trunk, with
hardwood strips, two heavy leather
ft straps around the trunk, metal 'cor-
ners. single tray M.3
JS-tnch'zinc oval top Trunk, covered
tray, with hat box. with tray in top.
metal corners, at $2.1
Nsrtbeast Cor. Sixth and Main Sts.
Kansas City, U. S. A.
p. msas & wm
istcenih and Wyandotte Mrettt
.A.lAtf.13 vi j r, MU
Surplus and Undivided ProjlU, 3 - - tUSi 000
1 Nassau street. New York- -
CO Chestnut street. Philadelphia. Pm.
1M Waihlnftoa street. Boston. Mass.
Eandihcrqoai 2. HanUrarK. Cermanr.
Elncel iI3. Amsterdam. Holland.
SI Lombard street. London. E. C. England.
PorotheD'Strass 54, Berlin. Germany.
15 Rue du LouTre. Paris. Prance.
s Place Camot. Harre. France.
OFFICERS Arthur E. Stllwcll, president; "lea
presidents. 1. McD. Trimble. E. U Martin. J. J
Calrnes. J. T. Nolthaslus: William S. Tailor, treas
urer: Frank B. Wilcox, assistant treasurer: Arthur
C. RoblLron. secretary: Xra C. Hnbbell. ssslstsnt sec
retary: E. S. Mother, assistant secretary: Jf. fforloa.
assistant secretary: Trimble Braiey. seneral coun
sel. ESTABLISHED lSTt
. a. M. "X BOARD OS TRADE.
Vembcra Ntw York Stock Exchus. Kmr York
Produce Exchange. CTiIciro Board of Tradt.
TT(B)lKcl ffi) EBODKanD
W HandU all Kcmitlea Hated In New York oa
Margins or for Cash.
KlaDDDSftQDDDa LFBDdD & (Dot,
720 Delaware Street.
price. Mccormick j. r. karris.
L Co.. New York. Chlrazo-
J. H. Walte. See. and Trash
Rooms US-1M Lire Stock Exchange Bids'.
AP8TAH. ST(M, .!L!.
Bujlng Fleckers and Feeders siren special atttatlosu
ReasonvbU Advances to Feeders. TeL lMsV
vvSAcfcEEAP. 2,000 TENTS
Ued a tew uus at U. A, It- r unions, etc.. every
ilze and shape from a 10x12 wall Ual to a 125s 1?$ clr
cub tent. Including famllr compartment tents, re
freshment tents, stable tents and prschlnx tents
alio 800 canvas cots and 300 gasoline lampi; guaran
teed In first 'Class condition; 1.500 new ted blankets;
wrlto for prices. TtU 774,
C. J. BAKER,
1H W. U it. Kanau City. Mo.
CCn Ask dractrtsts for Dr. Xsrtel-s
V CsCS"',rench remain Pills In maul box
f-Vf " and Bad. Insist on bSTlntr tbejrnonw.
W sTJRellefrorWoraen'maJleoT"fItEEIa plain
" """i i ilirtletterwiatg'tlroonlaa and particulars.
FRENCH DRUG CO.. 381 A383 Purl St. Htw Tort
- Rialto Pharmacy,
TeL 1991 RIalta Bldg.. 9th anil Grand Ave.
Physician' Prescription and Side
Room KeqvtsltcsOur .Specialty.
We use only tn best nuurUU ebtalrubl Is oo
Ocr system ot triple cheeking la filing praserlpUaaa
practically renders mistakes, tmposslbla.
aad Ana Ava
,90,' nncic MTV triMeie
birfniu.- uinwnw uiii, nnndHdi
(Recently Removed from Portsmouth Bid.)
Authorised by Dr. Leslla K. Keeley and empiortsej
bja gold remedies axclnslTely In la ears ct alcohol.
nerpnlne and tobacco addictions. Good board sa4
rooms Is tne Iastltats at rtaaonabU rates. Ti suss
manaiement during aU years' racctsarol work. ,Fs
esrrJeulara address aa sbora.
8 E. h It
THE JOURNAL 10 PER WEEK
i.v .T ...
Geo. R. Bars. Prea,
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