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THE KANSAS CITY JOURNAL, MONDAY, FEBRUARY 6, 1899.
he ansa5 iir Jfowrriai. ESTABLISHED 1S54. THE JOURNAL, COMPACT, Publisher. ' ' NINTH AND GRAND AVE. Subscription Ilatea: By carriers, per - week. 10 cents;- per -month. 43 cents. By mall, dally and Sunday, one month,. 40 cents: three months, f'slk'monUisJiSZ.Otf; one year. $1.00. Dally only, six HJoriths, JL50: one year. J3.00. Sunday only, six months, SO cents; one year, $1.00. Trl-Week-!y Journal -(Tuesday. Thursday. Saturday), lis months, TS cents; one' year $1.00. Advertising;! For advcrtislrig rates. writ,e to the Home office, or to the J.,E. Van Doren Special Agency.- offices "903-905 Boyce building. Chicago, and 31-2! Tribune build ins. , New York, agent lor foreign adver tising:.:' - . Entered it. lhe.po'stoffice at Kansas City, Missouri, lor transmission through the tnaijs,. -as second, class matter. JJL DURING TUB WEEK, ENDING-FEBRUARY , THE JOURNAL, CIRCU LATED 200,000 COPIES; DAILY AVER ACE. 4tS5. AVnhcr. Forecast ,or..Mojday. WASHINGTON', Feb. S. For-Oklahoma and Indian Territory: Generallycloudy weather; 'north winds. For SIlE'ourl: Cerierslly "r: continued' cold; north wind. . l'cr Karuas and Nebraska; Partly cloudy; prob ably snow la western port! ait; continued cold;' north "'. - &. f ,'y For Colorado: Snow; cottlinujdcold; north winds. '' :' -. f. i THE DAY AND THTIsf i-.lfr Tti. vnlo tr bfr taken to-dav- on-'lhe: Paris treaty comes at the close oHone oC tfiejjmosf Interesting debates the senate .has. sever.' had. In lining up on cither sldcthe-senators have been governed to some-degre by; political considerations, but, in the main, opinions have been,1 formed and expressed' from the standpoint of constitutional "be-. llefs, or convictions as to national policy. When tho roll is called to-day there wlttjbe found voting in the affirmative, men who, differ very widely as to what ultimately ought "to be done" with the Philippines. On this side, first and foremost will be found those who are in '-favor of downright ex pansion and who believe that It is the true destiny- of our country to spread out over the face of the earth, carrying the glad nows'of a, just government by a f reo, people. Along with these will" be found timid ones who will vote for the', treaty in fear and trembling: lest It-prove the launching of our country upon a reckless -career of lin-' pcriaiism, but who, nevertheless,, feel that ' the national honor is at-stake and that to ; reject the treaty at this time would be the means of plunging the country into trouble of a dangerous kind. Along with these, too, will be found men. wlio aro heartily in - favor of approving the treaty, but who are just as heartily opposed to ,acqulrlng for- clgn territory. This class .have been par , tlculirly active In the debate, and there can be no doubt that they have been a tower of " strength to tbe side of treaty ratification. . Foremost In the first class we, must place , Senator- Teller,.oC Colorado.- wb,, declares boldly and unreservedly that ne Is In favor' of annexing the Philippines and holding them as the property of the United States. The question or ultimate citizenship for the population Is not one which the senator cares now to discuss, but in a running, de bate with. Senator Hoar .tlie'other day he declared that if the time camevwhen the Filipinos were fitted to enjoy full American,' citizenship he could see no objection td giving It to them. "I am not in favor to begin with," said he, "of making those people citizens of the United States; but, I am In favor of extending to them the pro- tection of those great principles which we I recognize in tms country as kocuu"," -existence of a free government. I am tor treating them, not as citizens, .but, if you 'choose which is rather objectionable i In a rirmwin-as subjects: and that we shall just as soon as possible give them all the blessings of a free government of their own under the proper limits imposed by our national constitution." Of the second' class-the tlmld ones per haps no' better example could bo chosen than Senator Harris, or Kansas. At one moment he seems to feel Impelled to vote for the treaty, but the next moment we find him waTcring. This is not because the j-cnator Is unstable In Ills character, but be cause ho Is struggling between two deep convictions-one calling upon him to sus tain the national honor, and the other urg Ingrhtm to protest against the policy of ex- iiunsion.. K.ls because of senators of the Harris type that there Is doubt of the rc ,ult of the vote to "be taken to-day. Of the third class no'' better representa tive could' lie selected than Senator Gray, or Delaware. Senator Gray wa-s a member or the. treaty commission, and at the early sittings or that body he opposed the project .of taking the Philippines under even tcm- vorary American control. But as the ne gotiations progressed and the true eltua li'oii unroldcd itself ho saw no .solution of the-problem but the one proposed in tho 'treaty as It now .stands, and it is needless to hay that his vole and, voice are on the sldo ot ratlllcation. As expressing the sen '"iimenth of the Gray faction no better terms could bo used then those ot tho New York Times, as follows: 1. Wc do not need the Philippines. 2. The -is-lands fell to us. by hazard of war.' and with them certain obligations to ourselves, to foreign nations and to the inhabitants of tho archipelago. S. It would be cheaper to drop them and run.- but it would hIso he disgraceful, and -would doom the Filipinos to present anar chy and future bondage. 4. Wc ought to take the Islands as pro vided in the trcjay. but it. should be the primary object or our policy to make the Filipinos contented, prosperous,- orderly, 'educated and ultimately capable or .gov erning themselves. 5. They must never become citizens ot ,the United States. 6. The treaty or peace ought to be nit-' lded! without delay.' "I ".', Imperlalism.ls,a painted .wooden 'jump- tng-jack. that Jumps only when somebody pulls the string. Tills. Tfe say. Is the attitude of the Gray faction, though Senator Gray himself de clares that the future of the islands should not be made a topic of discussion until after .the treaty has been ratified and the United States-has-, acquired the legal right to say "what should or should not be done. Of the senators who are opposing the treaty we care to say nothing. Their ar guments are familiar in the minds of the people. .Most of them doubtless are, sin cere, but others are plainly bent upon em barrassing the national administration and have no care for the questions of honor In volved. That the result of the vote to- daywill bo watched for with almost pain ful solicitude goes without saying for it is one of the really momentous occasions -in our nation's history. AMBASSADOR HITCHCOCK ON RUSSIA. Tha London Interview with Ethan. Alien Hitchcock, retired ambassador to Russia and newly appointed secretary of the in terior, is a timely and important utterance. .Mr. Hitchcock -is recognized as a man of Clear vision and .sound. Judgment, and Lis compliments to' the Russian government, and to the yoting- czar in particular, may not be discounted on the ground of ef fusive sentimentality. Mr. Hitchcock's estimate of Russian friendship for the United States, and of the sincerity of the-czar's propaganda for the limitation of national armament, will deep ly Impress thoughtful Americans, even though it conflicts with many sensational rumors during the pending hostilities be tween Spain and this country. These ru mors were generally the products of sensa tional newspapers,, at home and abroad, and in some instances tho European sources were clearly prejudiced. The friendship of Russia for the. United States has been such that nothingness than ineontestible evidence of unfriendliness should be taken into acoount. As Mr. Hitchcock points out, the relations between Russia and this country are and have been so' cordial that it is-not becoming in sn ambassador, or one who has been a repre sentative at.-St. Petersburg, to discuss them In detail, because ,of tho peculiar relations' existing "between .Russia and other Euro pean "powers, and because of the almost al truistic purpose underlying the czar's peace movement. Russia has- been an object of suspicion among the nations of Europe, .just as Great: Britain has been, and just as. any .... . - and they are many, the force tf economic expediency- alone is sufficient torjHfltaln the sincerity of the disarmament project. Even talcfris 'the war footing as tho .final tasks of International attitude, an average reduction in, military and naval establishments would not 'alterthe defensive and offensive rela tions between the several powers. A- LEADER OF HIS RACE. Mr. Booker T. Washington, the dlsi tinguisned colored educator, who delivered a lecture at .the Central high school Sat urday evening, is the logical leader of his race in the United States. He is not only a scholarly man, but he is' an educator who has not had his vision clouded hy the measure of success he has attained, and the marked recognition he has received. He is not a dreamer. His judgment is as sound as his achievements are remark- able. He knows what the colored race most needs, and is a striking example Of what may be accomplished by the applica tion of his own theories. No other student of the race problem has given better advice to the colored man. Mr. Washington has no patience with those of his race who make a living by simply being J'smart," or whose business It Is to be "leading colored politicians." If they are smart, he wants to see their smartness turned to account. If they have acquired p. measure" of leadership, he wants to see that leadership employed as a benefit and not a detriment to the race. While it is not an easy thing for the colored man to branch out In responsible undertakings, especially "tljqse .involving the Investment of considerable' money! It is a fact that the leading obstacle1 in the way ofr.materlal, advancement is the lack of Individual enterprise. Mr. Washington' -wants his people' to respect the dignity of labor, but he also wants them to see the value of skilled accomplishments. He be lieves In manual training schools, in busi ness, training, and especially In the employ- ,ft j,. of th(J race In the adoption and creation of pro gressive methods. In short, ho does not believe in education as a means to make "smart" people, but as a means to suc cessful competition with the more favored race. So far, he has found better organiza tion among the colored people for the bur ial' of the 'dead tliah for the 'betterment of the living. . He wants his people to look upon life earnestly, hopefully and am bitiously. '' I J EDITORIAL JfOTES. Things., must bo'dccidedIy' dull in En gland when a popular excitement can be raised with the old cryof "No popery1!" The co-operation - of - -these protesting Cuban general!!, can easily be secured by Inviting them to- assist in distributing the $3,000,000. Tho relative number of senators opposed to expansion is much too large. The senti ment of the country. Is overwhelmingly the other way. Refrigerated' beer may or may not be a .good thing, hut thero.is. a growing convic tion that, as' a steady dlet, refrigerated weather is objectionable. StandardjOil values have declined rapidly. Castor oil, however,- has 'remained station ary. Any small boy can understand why castor oil has not gone down. A fire brick combine is the latest in the line of trusts. The professional anti monopolists should lire a few bricks in the direction of this shining target. It Is somewhat significant that Kansas is not contributing to the free sliver cam paign fund, considering that Kansas was never so able to contribute as now. "Coin" Harvey is confident he will have $2,000,000 for use ill the cause ,ot free silver next year, lie will If, the sliver mine own ers continue sending in contributions. Tho Republican party will not have to do any skirmishing around, for campaign capital ljwct 'year; It really has more good things .In .store' than , it, can do jub-tico-lo. ' ' ' '-' ' . A professional 'palmist predicts; .that Gen eral Miles will onexUV-boelected president of the United; SUtc.Biit lie cannot-palm that off on intelligent people as a sound prophecy. It is said tho Spaniards cannot under stand why there should be opposition to the peace treaty in -this country. They don't know how sjtrong partisanship Is over here. The Populist senate" of Kansas has quit considering humorous resolutions and Is attempting serious legislation. The friends of the state are consequently experiencing some' anxiety. There would be many more pronounced expastonlsls in the country if partisan Democrats did not consider It necessary for political reasons 'to oppose President Mc Klnleys policies. - According to Secretary Hitchcock, there is nothing deceptive about the czar's dis armament proposal. Neither Is there about superior-power will be so longspreseni International conditions contlmp"k exist. But aside from all other considerations. tho formidable new battleships the-czar' is adding to Ills' nary. it Is "hardly' fair that less 'tb"anri'aic the members of a single branch of congress can decide that we are still at war with, Spain, when the other branch and the president and tho whole country want peace. ' General Miles is unwise. There ,is no certainty that his removal by the president would give .him the Democratic presidential nomination, and no probability whatever that a nomination would give him the presidency. A'guinaldo has been issuing his proclama tions to encourage the Filipinos in the United States senate, and the attitude of the senate Filipinos has kept Aguinaldo dc iiant. Thus two nuisances arc responsible for each other.. The political parties in Missouri should exercise great care In selecting their next candidates -for governor. Two years of Lon Stephens has made it plain that putting an unfit man in a four-year office Is a- very serious matter. ' Justice Brewer says France is as friendly to us as Great Britain, and . Secretary Hitchcock says Russia is one of our stanchest well-wishers. "We really don't seem to have any public enemies outside of our own congress. ' The next time our forefathers form a government they should see jf some radical improvements cannot be made on the na tional senate. Tho senate, ,of .late years, is a clog to progress and a hindrance to business a nest of old grannies and a. sen eral, all-round nuisance. MISSOURI POINTS. Jefferson City is excited over the story that a Southwestern outlet, by means of the Santa Fe, over a line running from there to Fort Scott and' Chanute, is one of the possibilities of tha present year. Immortal fame awaits the man. Editor McJimsey declares, who Is the first to frame a bill in congress upon which the two Missouri, senators will vote aye. Thus far they have been against everything and for nothing. R. S. Jacobs, who. died suddenly in Golden City a few days ago, was one of the pioneers and best known citizens, .in that part 'of the state;. He located in Golden City half a century ago, having walked there from Tennessee, with" his earthly pos sessions contained In a knapsack.,which he carried on his back. His' wealth at the time of his death was estimated at $150,- 000. The scheme or Ben Anderson, the sena tor from Boone, county, for raising the $3, 000,000 or so wanted as Missouri's contri bution toward the .Louisiana purchase cen tennial fund Is to tax all beer brewed or offered for sale within the limits of the state 1 cent a gallon. The tax Is to be a permanent -one, the. proceeds, after the exposition's requirements have been pro vided for going to the public school fund. The measure is ready and will soon be Introduced. Senator Anderson believes it will meet with favorable, consideration. Good Deacon McMlchael, of the Platts- burg Leader, Is displeased, and d properly enough, too, at the shameless looting of the treasury by his Democratic. brethren who are running the legislature, and he epeaks out thus concerning It:. "Quite an. extravagant lot of raw statesmen seem to have gotten Into the present legislature, if developments so far indicate anything. 'If they persist in giving away the money or the taxpayers in a reckless manner they are likely to divide the Democratic party or the state and put It in the hands or the Republicans in 1900." Senators Vest, Quay and Penrose, while waiting on a corner near tho capltol for a street car a few days ago, became In volved In an amusing discussion, a Wash ington correspondent says, as tothe gender of the public conveyance which was ap proaching them from around the. corner. "Ah, there she-comes," exclaimed' Senator Penrose. Senator Quay quickly corrected him. "You're wrong,"' he raid. "The proper way to put It Is, 'There it comes.' " "Well," laughed Senator Vest, "that just proves how mistaken two men can be unwitting ly. You aro both wrong. You ought to say, 'Thero lie comes.' " The car was close on them by that .time" Senator Vest was right.- It -was a mail car. - " "It Is perhaps sate to say that he was -the, most universally popular man .in Nod away county," the' Maryvlllo Tribune ro .marks or tho late Dr. B. F. Goodson; who died last week at his home In Hopkins, after a brief attack of pneumonia. "In tho forty-seven years that he lived." it con tinues. "Dr. Goodson rose to bo the first citizen of his home city, reared a' family of noble and promising children, provided amply for the comfort and protection of tho loved ones who survive him, advanced to a distinguished place In his profession, and gathered about him troops of friends who never had occasion to doubt ills loy alty, and In whoso remembrance he will live until they see and greet him -In the life divine." In its Issuo published fifty years ago last week, tho Western Journal and Civilian contained the following pen picture of Mis souri's Athens: "Columbia contains about 1,200 inhabitants. Tour churches, the state university, at which there are nowabout llio-students, two largo female schools, a district school all, the pupils at the va rious Institutions numbering In the aggre gate over 300: nine dry goods stores with one or two soon to be opened, two drug stores with a book store combined., 'one jewelry and fancy store, one boot and shoe store', three carriage shop's, three saddler shops, two tailor shops, one barber, two boot and shoo manufacturers, one hatter shop, two cabinet shops, six blacksmith shops, two gunsmiths, two" taverns, one livery stable, one or more lumber yards; one tin and stove store, one confectionery and bakery (sending around a bread wa gon twice a day In regular city style), one grocery, two carding machines, two' wagon 'maker's shops, eight physicians, two resi dent dentists, nine lawyers, three or four stonecutters, several pointers anA paper hangers, two plasterers, a number of car penters and last, though perhaps not least, two printing offices. Another thing; there are in Columbia very few loafers or old' '.bachelors. Who will not, then, agree with us that the skies are bright, and -that the bow of promise spans our heavens." William E. Smith. the tall representative from McDonald county, is known all over the Southwest as "Gator" Smith, a nick name that was given him In a political controversy down In Newton county many years ago. " 'Gator,' " a correspondent of the Republic' says, "Is one of the characters -of the-assembly. His crowing like a rooster on the night or the Democratic senatorial, caucus made liim famous and popular among his, fellow legislators. It- Is one ot the sights or ,tho session to see 'Gator" place little Harrison Weant. of' Callaway "county, ono or the pages or the house, on a desk.ln front.of him., The midget clucks for all tho world like a 'fussy old hen and 'Gator' crows as no mortal man ever 'crow ed before. When the members- of the Louse want a little amusement they In duce 'Gator1 and the midget "to give, their specialty. In addition to' his other accom--pllsbments.- 'Gator' tells a story well. ,In 1824 ho was a candidate for probate judge of McDonald county; He had. filled the offlco three termsIand was running for the fourth. He was beaten because he used a gold pen. The sturdy farmers and cow boys of McDonald liked 'Gator' and stood by him, but when he bought a gold pen and it was currently rumored, and gen erally believed that he wrote the records .of his court with the obnoxious pen, they retired him to private life. It took two orthreo years for Mr. Smith to square things about that pen, and now he is ex tremely circumspect as to the kind of a. pen he uses." Professor S. M. Tracy, well known In Mis souri, where some years ago he was pro fessor in the state agricultural .college. Is now a resident of Mississippi. "In 1896 at the VIcksburg fair," relates "Listener," in the Jefferson City Tribune, "Professor Tracv and W. W. Mangum, the latter a wealthy cotton planter, of Smedes, that state, were .watching some trained mon-" keys perform their various tricks. Profes-' sor Tracy suggested that there was no rea son why the monkey should not be em ployed in picking, cotton and supersede the negro in that work. The plan was discussed and Mr. Manguhfbought in New York city a dozen monkeys in 1897, and, with a train er, put them to work. The monkeys be longed to the race known to scientists os' Sohagtalls Vulgaris, and the males weigh about 110 pounds and the females about ninety pounds each. Bags were made for each monkey, which would hold about twenty-five pounds of seed cotton, nnd a bag placed over the shoulder of each. It is surprising how rapidly the trainer taught, the monkeys to pick the cotton.- Baskets to hold the 'cotton -we're placed at the end of the rows, and one man, over and above thje trainer, was necessary to take the cotton out of-the sacks and put It In the baskets. The females proved much better pickers than the males, for they not only picked cleaner cotton, but they would also 'pick more of It in a day. In less than a month after the monkeys were started at the work they could pick on an average of 150 pounds a daw The first experiment, although- on a small scale, proved to Mr. Mangum that monkeys could be used with great success' as cotton pickers,, so In June, of 1S93, he made an order for'SOO monkeys of the same breed on an exporter of monkeys from Africa, with the, understanding that most ot them were to, be females. About tne 1st of September last, the new batch of monkeys arrived and the services of the old trainer were .engaged to train this new lot. But this was not such art easy mat ter as was at first thought, for many of the new monkeys were still wild. But the .trainer thoroughly- understood his business. having served for a long time under Bar num as a trainer (Jf monkeys. Finally, with the aid ot ten, old, monkeys wlio were of great assistance, iand -a great deal of pun- lshment ahd'reTviijrttrig,'the''new, gng,were, ,pretty well trained by.'the "middle ofi Oc tober. Mr. Mangum Isgreatlypleased with the result of tils, experiment. Speaking of It recently he, said: 'I consider the day that Professor Tracy suggested to me the training of monkeys as cotton pickers as the most fortunate day the South has seen in many years. It means more to the South than a cotton picking machine, for the mon keys are a success as' pickers1, while the ma chines have been failures. I believe that it is the greatest discovery that-has been made for the cotton planter since Whitney invented the cotton gin. People laughed at me at first when I tried this thing, as they always do when a man. tries anything new,- but now thatlt has proved a success, all my .neighbors are wild about.lt.' " - . The DIsKraceful Conduct of General Miles. ' From tho Now York Son. It Is surprising that in all this, country thero'should exist a single newspaper or a single Individual' that is not outraged and mortified by the disgrace which Major General Nelson A. "Miles la bringing on tho armyio't w:hlch, he is the commanding gen eral. During tho whole of American history there has never been an example of un- .'soldtcrly conduct on the part ot an officer ot high military rauK, so oisgraceiui, us that exhibited by.him in inciting news paper assaults on tho army and furnishing them "with documentary ammunition for tho purpose which military usage and rc qulrementwhlcli. even decency, not to say patriotism, should have kept for jproper military Investigation. He In defiling an office made, il'ustrious by tho greatest American soldiers. General Miles .began this exhlbltlon.of his unfitness for his 'rank and his place, ot his uusoldlerly spirit, so long ago as when ho was in command at Porto Rico. Ho raado tho display simply because the great victories or the war had "been won' without his assistance, and, being a. man of in ordinate vanity, because tie had failed to attract the popular applause which he de-r sires most greedily. Even at that time, while hostilities, were, actually in progress, he used a Western newspaper correspond ent; to publish! the grievances of his sore spirit In violation of all military" propriety. It was u surpremely outrageous offense against military discipline in time of war, in the presenco of the enemy, and it ren dered him liable to cashiering. It was conduct utterly unbecoming a soldier, con duct of which no man of tho true soldierly type could have been guilty, unless while under aberration of mind; and tho only possible excuse for the conduct of General Miles then and continually since then Is that he Is not mentally responsible for his actions. Throughout the operations of the war General Mile's rendered no assistance or -counsel as to Its plan and pursuit which commanded or deserved respectful consid eration. If. his plan of campaign., in Cuba had been followed many thousands more lives would have, been lost, -hundreds of millions more .money would have been spent, and the war probably would be still continuing. Moreover, he neglected 'to in spect the camps established for the army in this country,- did nothing for tho pro tection of the troops, and disdainfully re fused to obey orders' so to do. Since the Santiago campaign he has air lowed the deceived ,or disreputable .news papers he has enlisted. In his service- to charge that General Shatter received the 'command against his advice, though that .offlcerwas selected for the purpose .with his concurrence, ana on tne plains had been one of his most faithful surbordinatea. The committee engaged in the voluntary investigation of the conduct of the war nt the Tequest of the president had pursued, their task for months, had taken, the testi mony of a multitude of officers of both the line and the -staff ot the "army, without bringing put any evidence to suggest a lolindatjgrifprthe charge a concerning the meat supply .wtilch General Miles finally -threw out In testimony remarkable for tho tone of pique and malice which pervaded ,lf. Since' that hearing, moreover, he has -been outraging military discipline by using Industriously every means of publishing his accusations through newspapers, and furnishing them with material with which to cast reproach on tho, country,, for ob viously it could not have been obtained by them except through his direct or Indirect agency. Now, If there was or Is any serious defect In the meat supplies furnished to the troops, and to the sailors also, it ought, by ,all. means, to bo discovered and ex posed, and all the more because these supplies were obtained from the very sourceswhlch are supplylng'a large part of the fresh meat and the principal part cf the canned or' tinned meat consumed regu larly by the people'of this country and sent abroad In vast quantities for foreign peo ples. It Is a question ot great gravity, of far-reaching consequences, and it should bo approached and Investigated calmly, with out prejudice" and In a strictly scientific spirit. General Mile's and his "coadjutors 'of tho newspapers aro seeking to make It a means of Inflaming the public mind before any such investigation has taken place. Instead of reserving reports respecting the matter, solicited by him and sent to, him officially by army officers, and sending them through the proper military channels, he has had them published in newspapers for the malicious purpose of arousing ignorant popular denuncia tion ot army methods and practices. If he had been one of the vile breed which Invented and now infests the disreputable journalism of this day, he could not have pursued a more Indecent course. No other officer in the army," greatly -to the credit 'of our military service, has descended to a proceeding so low and so disgraceful to the United States uniform. General Miles stands alone Jn that degradation. rAnd why? If his accusations had any foundation justifying them he could have proved them In a distinctly military Inves tigation,' and thus rendered service to his country by bringing about the remedy of the evils. He was the guardian of the honor of the army, of the honor of his country, and if he had cared" for either he would have confined himself to such an exhibition of any facts he might have obtained or supposed he had obtained. Moreover, all this occurs In time of war, and every patriotic citizen, most of all every officer wearing the uniform and bearing the com mission of the United States, Is under obli gation to guard the good name of his country. Every officer deserving to wear a sword would cut offtils right arm rather than be the means of bringing his service and his country Into reproach before the world in order to further his personal re venge. This whole matter ot the .meat supply will be made clear to everybody in due time, and General Miles knows it, has known It all along, and his attempts to make of It a disgrace to his country after a war In which American arms won only brilliant renown aro simply the expression or a malicious purpose to use the promi- nence or his high rank to make mischief and create scandal. The offense or General Eagan was Inex cusable In its vulgarity. In Its blackguard Ism; but It was without harmful effects ex cep't on him himself. The offense of Gen eral Miles is of far greater damage. It Is demoralizing to the army; it Is downright treachery in a commanding general In time of-war and should bring "upon him the uni versal loathing of his countrymen, as It will invite for him foreign contempt. He is no soldier. His uniform ought to be stripped from him. In no event should be be" suffered to remain commanding gen eral of the army: The British Foreign Trade. from the Philadelphia Freis. That sturdy and continuous advocate of the indestructibility and firm believer in the immutability of British trade, Sir Rob ert Giffen, late statistician ot the board of trade, has been drawn forth from his re tirement by the anxieties of the younger generation of Englishmen, some of whom cannot'' sceshow 'England can get rich or maintain her present wealth If she con tinues to Import 23 per cent more than she exports, as she did last year. Sir Robert endeavored to explain at the Royal Statis tical Society's meeting, and no doubt his audience was composed of-those gentlemen who have been writing complaining letters recently to the Times and other newspa pers on the subject. Sir -Robert could not strike a favorable balance, but he, explained that the items ,which go to make up the home account were not only the exports of merchandise, but freights, the commissions of English agents who sold the Imported goods, in surance, tho profits on English capital em ployed abroad and the Interest on perma nent Investments in foreign, countries, sal aries and pensions paid abroad, travelers' remittances, new loans to foreign coun tries, the building of ships for foreigners and" the sale of old ships to foreigners. It would probably be difficult to discover the amount of and locate some of these items for. the ,uso specified. .If it became neces sary to produce an actual cash balance, but most of tho latter Items have' figured as invisible exports in the minds. of En glish theorists for a half century or more. Descending to figures, Sir Robert finds the account to have been in the years named as follows, with the understanding that the exact figures are not obtainable: 1SS3. 1&J5. Freights SO.OOO.'ooo 7O.00o.00O Commission 16,000.000 8,0Q0,00 Interest, etc 70,000.000 90,000,vOO Total 148,000,000 178,000.009 Sir Robert admits, with the circumlocu tlonary vagueness of a confused doctrin aire, that tho English foreign trade has shown a disproportionate falling off In ex ports' In recent years, but he says this ad mitted fact must not be allowed too much weight, because everything Is not and can not be known. And he points out In an offhand way that even If we knew tho past fully and accurately for the purpose, tho future, which might average matters up, Is Impenetrable. The fact is, the export trade of Great Britain has declined in recent years while the Imports have unduly increased. In 1SKJ the imports were S.14 per cent greater than 'the exports. In 1S6S they were.l5.S0 per cent greater, and In. 1S98 they were 23.10 per cent greater, the highest in the history of trade, and so large as to bring up the discussion as to whether England Is not now using her capital. 'The percentage of .excess of Imports In Germany was less than 12 per cent in 1S97 and in France less than 35i per cent. The exports of mer chandise -In the United States were jU3t about double the Imports in value last year. A number of leading Englishmen, Including Sir Courtney Boyle, president or the board of trade; Mr. Chamberlain and Mr. Ritchie, have publicly admitted re cently' that the foreign trade of England was not as satisfactory as it should be. Blood and Water. From the Boston Advertiser. The very cordial reception given last Mon day evening In Vancouver, B. C, to Pro fessors Schurman and Worcester, the newly appointed Philippine' commissioners, has given.- rise to fresh uses of the familiar proverb,- "Blood Is thicker than water." It :ls a convenient form of words to express a real truth of deep human significance. For our part, we are glad of every new occasion, whether personal, national or International, that brings to mind the,proverblal strength "of 'fiose -natural ties' which bind Iii one the members of any 'family, great or small. It" Is of minor, but not unworthy. Inter est to notice that In this case, as in other cases which might ba mentioned, the pro verb ia but a rough and ready way of ex pressing the intended meaning. It shares the Imperfection of all earthly things. There is a serious reason for notlngthis, because it Is a too common practice wltb many people to Dress proverbs beyond what they are able to bear. They are good senti ments, but poor arguments. It does not follow; for instance, that because the blood which runs In Anglo-Saxon veins Is strong er than .water, we in the New World ought; at the Invitation ot our kindred in theOld World, to cross the water fort the purpose of shedding alien blood. i It Is not, after all. tho thickest blood which Is tho best. Tho thickest blood Is" velnous. The best Is arterial. The velnous. blood. is thick with impurity. And that naturally leads to the remark that "blue blood," Instead of being superior to any other, is the poorest blood there is.. It' Is unhealthy, contaminated, and must be purified before it is fit to return to the heart. The individual body would soon die it it were dependent for circulation upon blue blood. So would the body politic It is red blood in men and nations. In tho heart and In society, that keeps things strong and sweet. Carter's Patriotic Speech. From the Philadelphia Presa. Senator Carter, of Montana, surprised his colleagues last Monday by a strong, un compromising, patriotic deliverance on tho Philippine question. The atmosphere of the Rocky Mountains 'may not conduce always to sound economic views, but it seems to beget a breezy patriotism as re freshing and welcome as it ia wholesome. There has been too much tendency on tho part of the friends of the peace treaty to apologize for It and give It a qualified support. Good men may easily differ as to the future policy of this country in relation to the Philippine islands, but conflicting and uncertain opinions on that score should not stand In the way ot the rati fication of the treaty. Least of all should fluctuating and immature judgment be In corporated In joint resolutions of congress and limit, the freedom of action of this country hereafter. Our first duty is to eliminate Spain from tho Philippines by the adoption of the peace treaty; and then, unhampered and unembarrased. we may formulate our per manent policy In regard to these islands. Our soldiers are there and our flag is there. We will establish order there, and in other respects do our whole duty by the Islands and their people. Then, and not till then, will it be time to consider the pending Philippine resolutions and define the permanent policy of this country to ward the Philippine archipelago. A Symptom. From the Boston Herald. We have often commented upon the ob jectionably hurried manner in which legis lation is conducted in the national house of representatives at Washington. An in stance in point was -afforded in the house proceedings ot Tuesday. The river and harbor bill was introduced during the ses sions of that day. The first question asked, of course, was how much time was to be allowed for Its discussion. "One hour," was the cool reply. Then Mr. .Hepburn, of Iowa, a hard-headed repre sentative of Scotch ancestlry. and one of tho ablest of the Republican members, rose to make the pertinent Inquiry: "How much Is carried by this bill?" "Thirty millions," was the response of the man who had It In charge. "Thirty millions!" said Mr. Hep burn, "and you propose nn hour for gen eral debate! I object." Thirty" million dol lars to bo appropriated, and just one hour to be conceded to discuss the merits of the scheme under which it was to be voted away! Tho legislation of the world may be challenged to afford a parallel to this. We flatter ourselves on our superior ity to monarchical countries, but no mon archy would venture on legislation to mis amount. In which the representatives or, the people who are called to pay the taxes for such expenditure would be allowed so little voice on the subject. To Retire the Typesetter. From the Springfield (Mass.) Republican. Type setting may be obsolete before long, if the report from Brussels, where a paper was printed without the use of type or type matrices, is to be believed. The type setters struck and their places could not be filled. The news was put Into type writing and the pages were arranged on cardboard In the shape of newspaper pages, but larger. These cardboard Vforms" were reduced by photography to the proper size and by an etching process the page was made ready for the stereo typers. The experiment was rough, but not an entire failure, and the Inventors are trying to perfect the process, with a view to cutting out the composing room entirely. Experimenters with the X-ray claim that when a process they are working at Is perfected, the printing press will no longer be needed. They claim that a given orig inal can be multiplied to an amazing number ot copies by the use ot the X-ray, and that these photographs can be de veloped with a savins of time over the present printing methods. The press will have to get another name for Itself In that day when there is neither type nor press. What Delay Mlht Have Brought. From the Atlanta Constitution. In the rapid developments of modern progress we will soon have no Old World upon which to ruminate. It Is now stated that trolley cars are to be shipped to the land of the Pharaohs, so that the same fate awaits the camels of that country which has already over taken the horses of our own. Alexandria and Cairo will become but second editions of' New York and Brooklyn, and the oldest nation on the earth will thus become ono of the newest. It would be Interesting to ponder over' the labor which might have been saved had Moses but delayed his excursion Into the dtsert until tho present time. He would have found travel much more convenient .than It was In his day, and It would not require a period of forty years to do what as many minutes now makes possible. The next thing will be to erect a sum mer hotel on the summit of Mount Nebo where the loungers can look over the Promised Land 'without getting too far away from the attractions of seductive Cairo. Protentant Episcopal Confessional. From the Chicago Tribune. The ritualistic war raging In the Church of England finds an echo in the parish of the Church of the Holy Cross, In Jersey City, N. J. The' present rector. Rev. Mr. Augustine Elmandorf. Introduced various "high church" ceremonials without objec tion, but the announcement that the con fessional was to bo Instituted has inspired a. rebellious spirit In a portion of the con gregation. Several. members have resigned, it is said, and others express their intention of doing so. The same schism between high church and low church that exists In England has taken root In the Protestant Episcopal church of this country. It ex ists in a marked degree here in Chicago. But the Church of England, as a state church, is open to attack from people of all creeds and denominations. The so called "Romish practices" In the Protest ant Episcopal church In the United States do not concern the Methodists,' the Pres byterians and the Baptists-. In England it Is different. Can't Prove It. From the New York Press. It's merely making a guess to say that. the Rainy Day Club is on its last legs, because so .few of the dear members wear' dresses short enough to prove It. Try It Occasionally, Any ay. From the Chicago Tribune. A good way to prevent lynchlngs Is to hang a criminal according to law once In a while. The Mother-In-LaTT la Court. From the Atlanta Constitution. This didn't happen in Georgia, but It "happened" just the same. "My mother-in-law is the cause of all my troubles," said the prisoner, when ar .ralgned .before the magistrate for falling to support his wife. "You should have courted your mother-in-law," said the Judge, "and then you would not have any trouble. I courted my mother-in-law," continued the court. "I thought as much, yer honor," said the prisoner, "you look as if you'd been through the mill!" ri t'sm the Iter that puts the cstta ot fsne I am tha cloak that carers cowertnx'ittame.; Lam the final (oal.'nt ererrrabe: I am the storm-tossed spirit's restlnc plat; The messenger of sure and swltt relief. -Welcomed with walllnes and reproachful grief: The friend ot those that have no friend bat moj I break all chains, and set all captives tree. I am the cloud that, when earth's day is done. An Instant Tells an unextinguished sua; I am the brooding hush that follows strife. The waking from a dream that maa calls Ufa! Florence E. Coates, la CtaUUT. HIS MESSENGER. Uarjorie. with the waiting face. Marjorie. with tho pale brown hair. She sits and sews In the silent place. She counts tha steps on the outer stair. Two, three, four they pass her door. The patient face droops low again. Still it Is as It was before Oh! will be come Indeed no more; And are her prayers all prajed In vain': Through the warm and the winter Bight. Marjorte, with the wistful eves. She keeps her lonely lamp alight VnUI the stars are dim in the skies. Through the jn? and the shining iir Her pallid fingers, swift snd slim. Set their stitches, nor one astrar. Though her heart Is tar away. Over the summer seas with him. Over the distant summer seas Msrjorla's yearning fancies By:, She feels the kiss ot the island breeze. She sees tie blus ot the tropin sky. Does she know as they come snd go. Those waves that lap the island shore. That under their ceaseless ebb and How Golden locks float to and fro - Tangled locks she will comb no more! Uany a-hope!ess hope she keeps. Sarjorle with the aching heart: Sometimes she smiled, and sometimes she weeps, . At. thoughts thst all unbidden start. I can se what the end will be: Some day when the Uaster sends for her. A voice she knows will say Joyfully, 'Cod.ls waiting for Marjorle." And her lover will be the messenger. " The Humbler Poets. CHARACTERS. IL A swinish cunning glitters In his eyes With greed and cruelty; a human mole In whom men enrse snd pity and despise The meanness of a blind and starving souL WILLIAM ORtEFTTH. OF CURRENT INTEREST. A young second lieutenant, who had been graduated from the first class a couple of months before the regular graduation at West Point, had Just joined his regiment and was walking down the street near the palace, says a writer on Santiago In Les lie's Weekly. He stopped on the corner, and as he did so an old grizzled soldier with a growth of beard on his face and with a cavalry sergeant's stripe on his breeches, a blue shirt and campaign hat, but with no other mark of rank about his uniform, except his sergeant's stripe, walked slowly down and stopped In. front of tho lieutenant, looking around at tho different buildings. The young officer fidget ed a few moments under the manner in which the trooper Ignored his proximity, and finally turned on him and said sharp ly: "Here, you man, did any one ever teach you how to salute?" "Yes, sir." drawled the trooper, as he glanced at the youngster. "Well, knock your heels together," said the young officer, and the trooper came to attention with the pre cision of an old soldier. "Now salute," he said, and the trooper's gauntlet came to the rim of his hat and stayed there un til the young lieutenant answered It, at the same time demanding: "Now remem ber this, and don't let it happen again. What is your name, and what do youvbe long to?" .Without relaxing his position from attention tho old trooper again re spectfully saluted, and remarked dryly: "My name is Samuel Sumner, and I'm brigadier gener?! of the cavalry brigade." thereupon the .swing: lieutenant proceed ,ed to copy as many colors" of the rain bow with his face as was posslbls, and slipped away as soon aa he dared, forget ting even to apologize. "Hon. John Y. Stone, of Glenwood. Ia., has the biggest apple orchard In the world," remarked a man from, that state the other day. It embraces 800 acres, upon which are growing no less than 13,000 trees, the most ot which have reached the bear ing stage. The owner, who is one of our most prominent men. -having been attorney general ot Iowa, is an enthusiast 6n tha subject of apple growing, and his big or chard is the pride of his heart. It Is well worth going miles to see It In the spring time, when all the trees are in full blossom. The practical. Bide of General Stone'a hobby Is In the revenue that he will some day get from his trees'. It Is a crop that doesn't 'hit' more than once In live or sit years that is, doesn't .produce bountifully. But the propitious season will come along . after a while, when every tree of the 133 000 will be laden with golden fruit, and then the owner of the orchard will be re paid for his waiting, with each tree good for five or six bushels, and putting tho price at a very moderate figure, calculate the revenue that will flow in from one heavy yield. It will be In the nature or a Bonanza Creek placer-mine, and for easo. of gathering will beat the Klondike 100 to J." Going the rounds of the English press there Is a story about a distinguished Brit ish prelate which is "perfectly vouched for." Archbishop Temple was once put up "by a clergyman whoso wife was ab 'scnt during a visitation. On his departure tho host politely hoped that, when his lordship next visited the house Mrs. Tem ple would accompany him. "No, thanks." replied the archbishop. ,rather laconically. "Mrs. Temple doesn't Hko roughing. It." The clergyman's feeling were rather hurt, and he unburdened his soul to his wlfo on her return. "Why, ray dear." she exclaimed, "you didn't surely put tho archbishop in the pink bedroom? He did. "Oh. then, that's It; I put all the plate in the bed!" Senator Hoar Is so absent-minded, they say in Washington, that he sometimes tells executive session secrets without knowing it. The other day-Mr. Hoar began convers ing in a street car with a fellow senator about the correspondence with the peace commissioners, which the president had sent to the senate and which, had been, read in executive session. Mr. Hoar told at some length the details of the corres pondence, and added his own comments in most entertaining fashion. His colleague endeavored to check him, but Mr. Hoar was so engrossed with his theme that ho could not be diverted. Ho told pretty nearly everything he knew. Some time ago the pope offered a, prize of 440 for a well-painted picture ot tha holy family. Consequently a large number of the Italian painters who exhibited at the exhibition of sacred-- art, at -Turin, chose this subject for( their picture, but none was jndged to be good enough to de serva the prize. Thepope has therefore decided to reopen ,the competition -and to make it international. Representative- Oalusba A. Grow, ex speaker of. the., house, though climbing rapidly toward the century mark in life's Journey, Is as sprightly aa a man' ot? forty. Old-fashion In every respect dress, man ners, customs and .habltsv-he Is one of the characters ot the house. Ma da always attentive 'to his duties arid can, be seen on the -floor of' the house nearly"' every minute during' the session. u " - I ' Tom 'Salmon was hanged, oat. In Montana the other day, and these' Were' his' farewell remarks on the gallows:- 'If ' any of you fellows follow my body to 'the cemetery, do not uncover your heads and taka chances on getting pneumonia. It, is a barbarous custom, and I hope you will pro tect yourselves, for by so doing you 111 please -me.- J -" ' " DEATH. i . -.M3ft3&rafci - - -- -kjjfsupxic- " -12&; j S-, (. C. fc . ,J..L&-i-.;-Lj'--'''---J--' rJ