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Kansas City journal. [volume] (Kansas City, Mo.) 1897-1928, February 07, 1899, Image 1

Image and text provided by State Historical Society of Missouri; Columbia, MO

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86063615/1899-02-07/ed-1/seq-1/

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2,000 Killed, 3,500 Wounded
and 5,000 Men Prisoners.
Details of the Conflict Are Dif
ficult to Obtain.
Were on the Firing Line at 10
O'clock Saturday Evening.
How a Body of Filipinos Was
Driven From a Church Sunday.
Fighting Covered a Range of. Seven
teen Miles Scene at Manila When,
the Alarm Wu Given Satur
day Night Was Wildlr
Exciting Crowds
of Spectators.
MANILA, Feb. 6. Careful estimates place
the Filipino losses up to date at 2.000 dead;
3,500 wounded and 5,000 taken prisoners.
The rebel forces have been driven back
ten miles.
During the fighting, the United States
warships shelled a train loaded with In
surgents. Owing to the area embraced In the scene
ot Saturday night's and Sunday's en
gagement, a semi-circle of fully seventeen
miles, details regarding lighting have been
extremely ditacult to obtain. So far "as
can be gathered, the "brush commenced at
S:d on Saturday evening, by the tiring of a
Nebraska sentry at Santa Mesa upon Fili
pinos who were deliberately crossing the
line, after repeated warnings, with, the evi
dent purpose ot drawing our lire.
The flrst shot from the American sentry"
was evidently accepted as a pre-arranged
signal, for it was followed almost imme
diately by a terrific fusillade along the en
tire Filipino line, on the south side of the
Paslg river..
The American outposts returned the fire
with such vigor that the Filipino fire was
checked until tho arrival of re-lnforce-tnents.
All the troops In the vicinity were hur
ried out, and the Filipinos ceased firing for
half an hour, while their own re-lnforce-ments
came up.
-At 10 o'clock tho firing was resumed, the
American flrlngIne consisting of the Third
artillery, the Kansas and Montana regi
ments, the Minnesota regiment, the Penn
sylvanians, the Nebraskans, the Utah bat
tery, the Idahos, the "Washlngtons. the
Callfornlans, the Fourth Cavalry. North
Dakotans, the Sixth artillery and Four
teenth infantry.
The Filipinos concentrated their forces at
three points, Caloocan, Santa Mesa and Gal
lngalan, and maintained an intermittent fu
sillade for some hours.
They brought artillery into action at Gal
Ingalan at 10:30, but only one gun annoyed
the Americans to any appreciable extent.
The Third artillery silenced the Galinga
lan battery by firing two guns simulta
neously, which was followed Immediately
by volleys, from the infantry.
At about midnight there was a lull In the
firing, lasting until about 3:45 a. m., when
the whole Filipino line reopened lire. The
Americans poured a terrific fire into the
'darkness, for twenty minutes, and then
there was another lull until daylight, when
the Americans generally advanced. Dur
ing the night, in response to Admiral Dew
ey's signals flashed across from Cavite,
the United States cruiser Charleston and
the gunboat Concord, stationed at Malabon,
poured a deadly fire from their secondary
batteries Into the Filipino trenches at Ca
loocan. After daylight, the United States double
turret seagoing monitor Monadnock opened
fire off Malatc and kept shelling the Fili
pinos' left flank, while the other vessels
shelled the right flank for several hours.
By 1 o'clock the Americans had appar
ently completely routed the enemy and had
taken the villages of Palawpong. Santa
Mesa., Paco, Santana, San Pedro, Macorte,
Pandocan and Pasai, and destroyed hun
dreds of native huts and had secured pos
session of the water main reservoir, a dis
tance of over six miles. The Tennessees
Joined the firing line at 10 o'clock on Sun
day morning, and assisted in capturing
Santa Mesa.
One of the most notable events of Sun
day's work was driving the Filipinos out
of their stronghold at Paco by the reserve,
a few companies of Callfornlans command
ed by Colonel Duboce.
The main road to the village was lined
by native huts full of Filipino sharpshoot
ers. After they had been firing upon Gen
eral King and his staff, killing a driver,
end firing on an ambulance of the Red
Cross Society. Colonel Duboce ordered the
huts to be cleared and burned. The Fili
pinos concentrated In Paco church and con
vent, where they made a determined stand
In the upper stories.
A platoon of Callfornlans stationed on a
neighboring bridge maintained a hot fire
upon the Filipinos, but was unable to dis
lodge them. In the face of a terrific fusil
lade. Colonel Duboce and a few volunteers
dashed Into the church, scattered coal oil
inside of It, set fire to the oil and retired.
In the meantime. Captain Dyer's battery
of the Sixth artillery bombarded the
church, dropping a dozen shells Into the
tower and roof. Company L, and part of
Company G, of the Callfornlans. charged
Into the church, but were unable to ascend
the single fight of steps leading to the
'story above.
After the incendiaries had retired, a com
pany of the Idaho and Washington guards,
stationed on either side of the building.
Picked off the Filipinos as they were
smoked out. Many of the rebels, how
ever, escaped into the brush in the rear
of the church.
The Americans captured fifty-three of the
rebels, and during the fighting about the
church twenty of the rebels were killed.
Some 2.500 women, children and non-combatants
were allowed to enter the Amer
ican lines, after promising to go to the
houses of friends and remain there.
Another intensely exciting incident oc
curred during the engagement. The "Wash
lngtons and Idahos and Companies K and
M, of the Callfornlans. made charges across
the rice fields between Paco and Santana
In the face of a terrific fusillade. The
ground to-dpy over which they passed is
covered with dead and wounded natives.
The former are being buried in groups of
five or six, about where they lay, and the
latter are being brought to the hospital.
It was at this stage of the fighting and at
Calvocan that the Filipinos suffered their
heaviest losses.
The Fourteenth regulars were in a par
ticularly tight place near Singalon. and
Colonel Duboce was compelled to rush past
them with the reserve In order to prevent
the regulars from being cut off. In the
last line twelve men. were killed before
the rebels retired.
Both sides cheered frequently during the
engagement. The American "hurrahs"
were almost invariably met by derisive
"vivas." Among the natives, the Ygorotes
were especially noticeable for their brav
ery, about 700 of these naked savages fac
ing artillery 'fire with their bows and ar
rows. The scene at Manila when the alarm was
given on Saturday night was wildly excit
ing. The American soldiers at the theaters
and at the circus were called out, the per
formances were stopped, Filipinos scur
ried everywhere, and the rattle of mus
ketry and the booming of cannon outside
the city was plainly heard. The residents
of the outskirts of Manila flocked Into the
walled city with their arms full of articles.
All the carriages disappeared as if by
magic, the street cars were "stopped, the
telegraph lines were cut, -and the soldiers
hurriedly but silently marched out of the
city to the stations assigned to them. The
stores were closed almost instantly; for
eign flags' were to be seen flying from
many windows, and a number of, white
rags were hung out from Filipino huts and
On Sunday immense crowds of people
visited the water front and gathered in tho
highest towers to watch the bombardment. '
There "were no street cars or carriages to
be seen, and the streets were almost de
serted.. The Minnesota. troops, acting as police
searched every native and arrested many
of them, with tlip rcmir fhnt T.hn. ,v,A-n
were several attempts to assassinate Amer-
jcan oniccrs on Saturday, there were none
on Sunday. Absolute order was main
tained. The United States flagship Olympla
steamed across the bay on Sunday and took
up a position near the German cruiser
Irene and the British cruiser Narcissus,
off the Mole. She is still there.
The Americans are determined not to
give the Filipinos a chance to recuperate.
Two Filipino commissioners from Iloilo
and four rebel officers were arrested here
this morning after boarding the steamer
Uranus. Many suspects have been arrested
in various parts of the city.
Battle at Manila Has Aroused Again
the Military Ardor of "Fight
ing Joe."
WASHINGTON. Feb. 6.-News of the at
tack on Manila has again aroused the mil
itary ardor of Major General Joseph
"Wheeler. He would accept an assignment
at once to the Philippines. He believes,
however, that more can be accomplished
through the medium of diplomacy than by
fighting. Speaking on the subject, he said:
"What Is chiefly needed in dealing with
the Filipino is policy and diplomacy. I
found not the slightest difficulty in getting
along with the Cubans after I got to
know them. When they came to me I
received them politely and took pains to
explain nnythlng to them which they did
not seem to understand. By doing this I
found it easy to convince them and win
them over to our side."
"In the event you are sent to the Philip
pines, general. In what capacity will you
"I do not even know that I will be sent
there. I am ready to go to-morrow. It is
the height of my ambition to serve In the
army 'where my services may be needed. I
am now the eighth ranking major general
of the army, but General Otis Is my
'senior. In the event that I am ordered to
the East, it is impossible, therefore, for me
to say what I may have to do."
It Is said among the friends of General
Wheeler that it was upon Intimation from
high authority that he might be required
in the army this spring that he refused
to either lesign his commission in the armv
or his seat In the house, as. in the former
event, he would have to be re-appointed
and .would lose hia seniority over some
twelve other officers.
General Otis' Sick Report Shows an
Average Dentil From Smallpox
of One Each Day.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 6. The report of
General Otis on the periodical sickness and
casualty disclosed the fact that during the
past nine 'days the death rate among the
American troops has averaged one man a
day. The report is as follows:
Manila, February 6, 1839.
Adjutant General, Washington.
Following deaths since January 2S: Royal
F. Fletcher, private Company B, First
Washington, typhoid fever: January 23, Al
bert W. Alson, private, B. Seventeenth Min
nesota, variola; Walter Dugard. private G
First Idaho, typhoid fever. Januarv" 30,
Isaac Cooper, private. B. Twentieth Kan
sas, variola. February 1, Brugher R. Jones,
Brlvate, F. Twenty-third, variola; Charles
nodgrass. rrivate B. Twentieth Kansas,
variola: Fred Maxwell, private. K, Twen
tieth Kansas, variola. February 3, Jam-s
Owen, private. L, Third artillery, variola:
Miles E. Kyger, corporal. I. First Washing
ton, typhoid fever; Chester W. Hubbard,
private. K. Third artillery, variola; Olavus
Felland, private. First South Dakota, vari
ola. February 4, Pearl Doty, private, B,
S"ond Oregon, variola.
'iotvn May Go to Manila.
SAN FRANCISCO. Feb. 6. It Is under
stood here that the battleship Iowa, due to
arrive here from Magdelena bay to-morrow
or Wednesday, will be immediatelv
prepared for a trip to Manila. She will
stay here long enough to take on an Im
mense supply of ammunition for Dewey's
fleet and await dispatches from Washington.
Officer of Tncntleth Kansas Gives nts
ImprcMslous of the Vicinity
"Where the Insurgents Are
Attacking Otis and Ills
Brave Men.
Adna G. Clarke, captain in the Twentieth
Kansas regiment, which Is at present see
ing stirring times about Manila, writes an
extremely Interesting letter to a Kansas
City friend, telling of.-the voyage to the
far-off Philippines, , his Impressions of the
Hawaiian Kanakas, and the conditions at
Manila. The letter was mailed on Decem
ber 27, and follows, In full: ,
I want to state now that the man who
jokes about seasickness either never was
afflicted with it or else he Is a fool, because
I had about forty days of being up against
the real thing. We had a very fine time
during our stay at Honolulu. It is indeed
an interesting place. There are many
grand sights, and the Kanakas are an in
teresting people. The darkest of them are
not bad looking, and the mixed breeds are,
some of them, the finest lookers I have ever
seen. They are very Intelligent, and all ex
cept the very oldest ones speak English
very fluently. It is claimed that 96 per cent
of the population of school age can write
and speak 'English. The women are all
large, and really too corpulent to have fine
figures. I attended court, and everything
there was American.
In fact, Honolulu is a real, live American
city and no sane man who has been there
will dispute the advisability of holding, or
rather accepting, the Hawaiian islands. We
were from the 5th to the Sth of November
in the harbor at Honolulu and as you are
aware, we voted there.
We were from the Sth of November to the
1st of December on the Pacific ocean be
tween Honolulu and Manila. It was awful
ly tiresome and somewhat expensive, as
the government does not provide the offi
cers with meals and It just cost me J63 for
meals on the trip. We passed Corregidor
island just seven months to an hour after
Dewey stole past that formidable outpost,
and just seven months to a day after
Dewey celebrated May day we awoke in
Manila bay. Off toward Cavite. the re
mains of the Spanish fleet can still be seen,
rather shot to pieces.
We hayenow been in Manila twenty-four
aj-Sjand 'l Jutr-unable'to Jsay what I dp
sether different from the Kanakas. They
speak very little English and a very cor
rupt Spanish.
They are small, bony, and altogether un
sightly. The whole population are habitual
smokers. I have seen girls not more than
0 years old smoking cigars. All women
smoke cigars or cigarettes. It is a fre
quent sight to see a woman carrying a
nursing baby and smoking a cigar. We ere
just receiving our Christmas boxes from
the St. Paul. The greatest joke of the
f-tason is to .ee fellows set cigars and silk
handkerchiefs from the states. Fine cigars
here cost about one cent. Mexican, and
silks can be bought for the price you name.
This country is a good place for free silver
men. A man gors to the bank with one of
those golden eagles with which Undo Sam
pays him and in return he receives tw-'iitv
adobe dollars and thirty cents. He must
then lumj the dollars changed, as even
such a cheap dollar as that is too dear to
use In this country. For each dollar he
will receive twenty-five 2-cent pieces of
copper just the size of an American halt
dollar, and fifty coppers just the size of a
quarter. This is the way you must start
out, and the more you spend the more
your pile of silver and copper grows, until
finally you have to go to your barracks to
Dollars are so cheap that the fellows
amuse themselves throwing them at a
crack for keeps. It takes a dandy to figure
out the problems that arise in small tiuns
actions. For instance, I bought a 5 cent
newspaper and handed the man a half dol
lar. He handed me two dimes in exchange
and 1 had the correct change. .Ag.iln. four
of us crossed a ferry. I handed the boss a
nickel and he gave me C cents in change.
The buying Is a nuisance. You go lnli a
bhop and say: "How much?" The China
man or Filipino will say: "Un peso." 1
you are new, you pay the price and are
worked to a finish. If you are next, you
say: "Muche molo," he answers. "Muche
buena." They you say, "Dos pesata" HO
cents) and start off. You are called back
and get the thing you wish at your own
prices, and thus it goes.
There are 12,000 Spanish prisoners in the
walled city. They are fed by the govern
ment and go where they want to, except
that they must be in the walled city by
8 p. m. You bet they are there at that
time, because they do not care to become
prisoners of the insurgents. They nre a
pack of effeminate looking men who would
not be much in any fight. It is said that
when they went to light the Americans,
the priests sprinkled them with holy water
from Rome, telling them that they could
not be affected by bullets. They had their
faith horribly shaken before they returned.
It is also said that the band had instruc
tions as to what tunes they were to play
when they brought Dewey and the Amer
ican pigs into the city. But oh, what a
difference in tho morning.
The Insurgents are a still smallpr and
weaker looking people. They have lines es
tablished all about the city within 100 yards
of our outposts and there Is a mix of some
kind or other nearly every night, that is. a
clash of authority, but not of arms. I have
an outpost on the extreme left of the
American lines between a railroad and the
bay. They moved inside of our lines the
other day and we have been ordering them
out ever since, but without success. The
policy seems to be to avoid a conflict at all
I think that if they would call Aguinaldo
in and ask him what he wants and if his
demand Is reasonable, consider it. that ev
erything here would be settled. The insur
gent soldiers come into the town whenever
they want to. In any number they want to,
but they are not permitted to bring their
arms past the outpost.
The Filipinos are a peculiar people, and
1 don't know what to think of,' them.
They seem to be exceedingly bright and
to wish to learn everything the American
way. Some, of them can speak a little En
glish. They' are verv friendly and all sa
lute an American officer better than some
of our soldiers. They all say. "Filipino,
Americano, much amlgo."
It would amuse you to hear them describe
the difference in the lighting of the vari
ous troops. Tney will hold a rifle clear
over their head and say "Espagnol. bum
Lum bum!" in very slow1 time. Then they
will place the rifle to their shoulder, sight
along the barrel and utter a yell sounding
like a cyclone screech. This is their de
scription of a volley, something they had
never heard before. They have no use for
our' old SprlnElields. They say "Mauser
make little hole, no hurt, man get well
Springfield make bis hole, man dead."
They are very superstitious. They say
that a cannon ball cannot hurt Aguinaldo
as he catches them and throws them aside.
However. Mr. Aguinaldo does not give Mr.
Dewey an opportunity to try the experi
ment. We are in barracks that are reasonably
healthy and are very comfortable. We have
an officers' mess where we get good Ameri
can grub for about $12.53 gold per month.
The temperature here Is about the same
as in Kansas In July, except that the
nights are cool and pleasant. We sleep un
der a government blanket.
I believe that there Is all kinds of. money
to be made here, but I don't believe I care '
to stay m mis country wnere we get just
100 cablegram words per month. We we.-e
just able to find out the result of the last
election on the 28th day of December. There
is good money to be made in rice farming
and sugar raising, but It would require
considerable capital. The soldiers are run
ning several newspapers, and three-fourths
of the ads are pay ads.
War Department Gives Ont Most Ac
curate Information So Far
WASHINGTON. Feb. 6. The most Im
portant news in Washington to-day next to
the ratification of the peace treaty, was the
receipt of lists of casualties from General
Otis. Prompted by General Otis promise
of last night to send along the list of
casualties at the earliest possible moment,
the friends of the soldiers at Manila be
sieged the war department to-day, by tele
gram and word of mouth, for Information
from the scene of the battle in the Philip
pines. The list was long in coming, a fact
explained by the cutting of the telegraph
wires along the American front, which pre
vented early reports from the division com
manders. In the meantime, came a cable
gram from Admiral Dewey that caused
some temporary commotion by creating the
impression that hostilities had been re
newed by the insurgents. Up to the close
of office hours, however, nothing had come
from General Otis 'to confirm this Inference,
and such cablegrams as did come from him
touched upon other matters entirely, so it
was assumed that there was no foundation
in fact for the apprehension.
When General Otis' casualty lists began
to come over the cables, they were some
what confusing, probably due to the fact
that there are nineteen different lines be
tween Manila and Washington. The Im
mediate e-lect was to cause some errors to
be made in the reported list of killed. Aft
er great difficulty, the" officials of the war
department arranger the previous casualty
lists Into the following single list, which is
believed to be substantially accurate and
was made up as an official substitute lists
for the prior lists:
Tenth Pennsylvania Major F. Brlerer,
flesh wound, arm, slight; Lieutenant Albert
J. Buttermore, flesh wound, "slight; Color
Sergeant Joseph Sheldon, Company H,
slight flesh wound, thigh: Private Hiram
Conger, Company D, abdomen penetrated,
serious; Private Edward Caldwell, Company
C, lung penetrated, serious; Private De
bault, flesh wound back, slight.
First Montana Private " Reynolds, Com
pany H, slight wound in ear; Private
Charles Rummels, flesh wound in leg,
slight; Corporal Hayes, Company H, miss
ing, probably killed; Private John Sat en
sen. Company L, head wounded, probably
dead; Private Mayersick, Company 1,
loungs .penetrated, serious; Corporal Skin
ner, Company I. slight wound thigh.
First Colorado Private Orton Twever,
Company B. wounded left thieh; Private
Charles 8. Morrison, Company B, wounded
left hand; Private Maurice Parkhurst,
Company B. wounded In pubes: Private G.
D. White. Company D, missing, supposed
to be drowned: Private Elmer F. Doran.
Company I, killed, shot in chest; Corporal
William H. Erie, Company I, wounded in
left check and arm; Private Charles B.
Boyce. Company L, flesh wound In left
knee: Private Charles Carlson. Company L,
killed, shot in head; First Lieutenant
Charles Haughawout, fles-h wound left
knee. ., . .
First South Dakota Private Horace J.
McCracken, Company2 B killed: Private
Fred E. Gren. Comnacy I. killed: Private
William J. Lewis. Company I. killed: Pri
vate "Benjamin: Pheinte, - Company K.
wounded In right thigh; Corporal Eugene
E. Stevens. Company K, wounded In right
thigh: Private Frank McLain. wounded
In right hip; Hiram Fay, wounded in right
knee: Corporal Carl H. Osgood. Company
F, sprained knee; Private A. Haskell, Com
pany I, slight wound In neck.
Third artillery Sergeant Bernard Sharp,
flesh wound in leg, slight; Private Orian
Rvan. Company L. shot in head, serious;
Private Edward Lundnrom. Company L.
shot through hand, slight; Private James
Gle.-'Fon, Company L, flesh wound in thigh,
Fourteenth Infantry Killed: Corporal
Guy B. Soden, Company E: Corporal Henry
E. Thompson. Company M: Private Jesse
A. Hale, Company A; Maurice Seaman,
Company A; Louis V. Dietz. Company D;
James Harvey Knight. Company M;
Charles W. Douglns. Company M: Frank
H. Ifslnghausen. Company M: Charles A.
Seltz. Company M; Alphonse Bonner, Com
pany "M; Peter M. Storment. Company I.
Sixth artillery Killed: Private W. A.
Goodman. D.
First Idaho Killed: Major Ed McCon
vllle. Corporal Frank R. Calwert, B; Pri
vate James Frazer, C.
First California Killed: Private J. I.
Dewar. K; Tom Bryan, H; Joseph Ma
iler. M.
First Washington Killed: Corporal Geo.
W. McCowan. A: Private Ralph W. SI
monds. A; George P. Relchart. Frank
Smith. Matthias H. Cherry. Sherman Hard
ing, Edward H. Perr. I: Walter N. Han
son. I: Arno H. Meickei, H.
First Washington Wounded: -Sergeant
Samuel F. Boakler, I; Corporal James
Neary. M; Musician Joseph W. Osborger,
M: Private Dixon A. Eveiett. A; Michael
Kennedy, Augustin Berry. F: Benjamin A.
Harbour, Hugh B. McClellan. Herman
Steinbagen, O. B. Wright, I: William Sloat,
K; Arthur L. Oslcurn. M; Richard Hughes,
M: A'lbert F. Barth, M.
Lieutenant James Mitchell. Fourteenth
infantry, died of wounds at 2:03 p. m., Feb
ruary G.
Private C. W. Hall, Company C, First
Idaho, died of wounds.
Colonel William C. Smith. First Tennes
see, died of apoplexy at the head of his
command, on the firing line, February 5.
Something About the Filipino Lead
er, the Yngoratcn and the Scene
of the Fighting.
General Gregerio del Pilar, who com
mands the Filipinos about Manila, is a
young man, though not as young as his
portrait makes him appear. He was Aguin
aldo's adjutant when the Filipino rebel
leader appointed him to command around
Manila. The only known biography of
Pilar Is by Major Bell, of General Merrltt's
staff, and reads, "General Pilar, a vicious,
uneducated ignoramus and highway rob
ber." The Yagorates, who used bows and ar
rows in attacking the Americans, are one
of the wilder tribes of the Luzon island.
They refuse to wear clothes, live in the
mountains of the Island, and all efforts to
civilize them have failed. They are light
and agile and attempts have been made to
train them as servants, but they run off
to their mountain homes at the first op
portunity. Fighting and begging are the
occupations of the great majority, al
though a few work In the mines and In
Caloocan. where the lighting was begun,
and into which torn the rebels were driveni
Is a place of 10,000 Inhabitants, seven miles
north from the walled city of Manila. It
connects with Manila by railroad and with
Novallches, Mariquina and Sampuloc by
highroads. It is near the Malabon river
and two and one-half miles inland from
the bay.
Santa Mesa, where the first shot was
fired, is north-northeast of Manila about six
miles. It Is a village of several thousand
Inhabitants and practically a suburb of
Manila. It has several big churches and
is near the cemetery for lnhdels, where the
Chinese are buried.
Malabon. over which Dewey's ships fired
at, the rebels who attacked from the north.'
Is on the Malabon river, eight miles north
of Manila. The town is situated a half
mile inland from the bay. and the river is
deep enough to admit of light draft gun
boats entering a short distance to shell the
interior country, as was done.
The kris. the'native name for the knife
which is the sole armament of many of
Aguinaldo's warriors, is a weapon nearly
two feet long, with a sharp, curved blade,
which widens toward the middle. A single
blow generally kills the victim.
Hotel Victoria offers superior accommoda
tions., Rates. S2 and $2.50. O.B. Stanton, prop.
Agoncillo Left No Insti -tions and
They Know Not What to Do
Will 1-robubly Not Be Ar
rested if They Act
WASHINGTON, Feb. 6. It Is no secret
now that the authorities here were pre
paring to arrest Agoncillo just as he lied,
but probably they are not sorry that he
got olf safely and thus relieved them from
the performance of a disagreeable task.
The conduct of the remaining members ot.
the Philippine junta is still under close
watch, and, while the treatment to be ac
corded them has not been determined, it
is recognized that they are in a precarious
position legally, and can secure Immunity
only by the exercise of the greatest discre
tion. The Filipino junta here is in a state of
bewilderment to-day. Senor Agoncillo, Us
head, fled so hurriedly that he failed to
leave Instructions for the balance of the
junta, and they accordingly are dependent
upon word from him as well as hampered
by the serious illness of one of them. Their
counsel, Messrs. Ralston & Siddons, with
drew from any relations with them, and
they are accordingly now without advisers
In a strange country, and although told
they will not likely be arrested, they have
a strong apprehension on that score. The
junta at 2 o'clock had received no dispatch
es from Aguinaldo about the battle, and no
word had come from their fleeing chief,
Agoncillo. This forenoon Senor Lopez had
a long interview with their attorneys, at
which the latter formally withdrew all
connection with them and subsequently, to
make their position clear, made the follow
ing public announcement:
"A conflict having taken place between
the American troops and the forces undar
General Aguinaldo, a duty superior to that
which a lawyer owes to his client requires
us to withdraw from the service of the rep
resentatives here of the Philippine republic,
and this has to-day been done.
"It has been our aim, in the course of our
employment, to set before the people of
this country the true conditions existing
in the islands conditions which. In our
humble opinion, will make extremely dif
ficult the successful subjugation 'of this
alien republic and render of questionable
propriety the thrusting upon its cltlxens
of a government which they do. not desire.
"We think it proper to make this public
announcement of the fact that our obliga
tions to the Filipino representatives and
government are at an end."
MONTREAL, Q.. Feb. C.-Agonclllo, the
Filipino representative, arrived In Montreal
to-day. Accompanied by his secretary,
Senor Martia, he drove to the Windsor.
"I heard about Saturday night's affair
after leaving New York last night," Agon
cillo said, "and it surprises me greatly. I
had no idea that affairs at Manila had
reached such a critical stage. In fact, I
considered that they were perhaps getting
a trifle better. But I had no news from
the Philippines."
"And you expect to receive it here?" he
was asked.
"I do. The Washington authorities would
not allow me to receive any cable mes
sages. There is a censor at Manila -and
the use of code is forbidden. I wa3 com
pletely in the dark, save for the advice I
received by mall and what I learned from
the newspapers. And the Philippines is a
long way off, you know, so that the mails
arc almost useless. Thcrelore, we have
come to Montreal, where we will be en
abled to receive the news we desire by
cable. When I receive it. I expect to re
turn to Washington and continue my ef
forts to fulfill my mission to the United
"As "to the affair of Saturday and Sun
dav, I do not regard it as ending the use
fulness of my mission. From the bulle
tins received by the officials in Washing
ton and from the Associated Press dis
patches I gather that the lighting began
suddenly ani unexpectedly. 1 think that
tho Fihpino3 were goaded to If. by some
act of the Americans. For months they
have been doing their best to drive the
Filipinos into revolt. General Otis has
sent men to search private residences and
the property of our people had been turned
Inside out in the search Instituted by his
orders. Acts like this have kept the spirit
of the Filipinos at fever heat and made
such affairs as that of Saturday and Sun
day possible."
"A Washington dispatch states that you
left that city because you knew that there
would be fighting at Manila on Saturday
evening." ...
Agoncillo smiled broadly.
"Oh." he answered, "as I told you, I only
learned of it after I had left New York
last evening from a gentleman who got on
between here and New York. If my cable
service was so good that I could learn in
ad-ance when there were to he any devel
opments, I should be in Washington. I
came to Montreal In order to receive the
news which was not allowed to reach me
in Washington. When I receive it I do not
know how soon or how long I may have to
wait it is my present intention to return to
New York."
Spnnlnrds Exnlt Over Philippine Oat
break "Americans Will Be Driv
en From the Country."
MADRID. Feb. C The Imparcial says:
"The attack on Manila was the judgment
of God upon the Americans, who, after de
spoiling Spain, are beginning to feel the
consequences. If only the Spanish prison
ers had been released we should regard the
affair with complete indifference.
"The insurgents number SO.OOo men, of
which 7,000 are armed with Mausers, and.
10,000 are armed with Remingtons. If they
continue this struggle, the Americans will
be driven out of the Philippine islands."
The newspapers here to-day publish an
interview with a minister who declared
that the Philippines are "going to cost the
Americans dear, as the Filipinos are not so
susceptible to bribes as the Cubans."
The minister is quoted as adding: "The
Americans will repulse any attack on Ma
nila, but such a victory will be of no ad
vantage to the United States, for the in
surgents, embittered by defeat, will be less
disposed to make an arrangement, and the
strusgle will go on in the Hinterland,
which will be very unfavorable to the
Americans, who are absolutely incapable
of mountain warfare. The situation of the
Americans is very critical. They will be
compelled to grant independence to the
Filipinos in spite of the fact that they will
thereby bring upon themselves the world's
The minister also expressed the belief
that the rupture at Manila would Influence
the United States senate, "because the an-tl-annexatlonlst"
will point out Mint the
annexation of the Philippine islands will
demand enormous and uncalled for sac
rifices of men and money."
Continuing, the minister said: "The reb
els, therefore, have shown cleverness in
choosing the eve of the ratification ot the
treatv for an outbreak. It is very re-
gretable that the opening of hostilities will
necessarily aggravate the situation of the
Spaniard? in the Philippines."
Some Doubt ns to "Whether It Entitles
Us to Immediate Occupancy
of Philippines.
WASHINGTON. Feb. 16.-As to the
change in conditions wrought by the rati
fication of the peace treaty to-day. there isi
a variance of views, and Adjutant General
Corbin and Second Assistant Secretary
Adee. of the state department, are giving
the matter attention, with the Idea of being
able to send full Instructions for his future
guidance to General Otis immediately.
Tho extreme view on one side Is that
until the Spanish government ratifies the
treaty It Is not of legal effect. According'
to that view, therefore, the United States
government Is estopped from proceeding
beyond their lines at Manila for the time.
By the other extreme view, the United
States government is free to do just as It
pleases In the entire group ot Islands, and
will, therefore, proceed at once to complete
the military occupancy of the Islands.
Perhaps there is justification for this last
view In the fact that the Filipinos were
Spanish subjects nominally when they
broke the terms cf the protocol and there
by released the United States from its ob
servances. The medium view, and that which is
likely to be followed, is that Genera! Otis
Is justified in dolr.g anything that Is neces
sary to protect his army and all American
and foreign interests in Manila, even
though this obliged him to assume the of
fensive and to go outside of the old
lines in pursuit of the Insurgents, who
may be seeking to reorganize and recoup
from their late defeat, with an intention
of attacking again, or even threatening the
Secretary Long this evening said that no
additional orders had been sent to Admiral
Dewey, and he did not anticipate that
any would be necessary just now. He had
been acting on the theory that the presi
dent desired to follow the most liberal
policy In dealing with the Filipinos, and
there was no reason now to change that
The Solace started from Norfolk at 3
o'clock this afternoon with a supply of
ammunition and other needed stores for
Dewey's fleet, via the Suez canal, but it is
not the intention to send further naval
It was learned upon Inquiry at the war
department that all the American troops
at Manila have an abundant supply of
smokeless powder. The regulars have the
Krag-Jorgensen rifle and about 5,000 of the
same weapon are in the hands ot the volunteers.
Says a Fight Should Now Be Made for
a Policy-Defining Reso
lution. LINCOLN, NEB.. Feb. '6. William 3.
Bryan expressed no surprise oyer, the rati
fication of the, peace treaty and" commented
briefly on the matter. When the Associat
ed Press correspondent asked him if. the
ratification of the treaty would end the
fight against the annexation of the Phil
ippines, he said: ,
"Not by any means. While many have
thought that the fight should be made
against the treaty, I have felt that the real
fight is to be made for a resolution declar
ing the national policy. The opposition to
the treaty has served a useful purpose, and
the opponents ot the ratification made a
gallant fight, but there was never any
chance of defeating ratification. Now that
the treaty is out of the way. It can be
treated as a domestic question and the line
can be drawn between those who believe In
forcible annexation and those who believe
that the Filipinos should be allowed to gov
ern themselves. I have not lost faith in the
doctrine of self-government and believe
that the people will repudiate the imperial
istic policy."
Those Who "Were Imported to Illinois
From Alabama Arc Freezing
and Starving.
ST. LOUIS, MO.. Feb. 6.-The negroes
whose importation from 'Alabama caused
the battle at Virdeu, III., a few months
ago. In which several miners were killed,
are freezing and starving In a graders'
camp on the Mobile & Ohio railroad near
Their condition is so desperate that, at a
meeting of the St. Clair county jboard of
supervisors. Supervisor C. AV. Droit, of Ca
hokia, asked that relief be extended by the
Unaccustomed as they are to cold weath
er, and very thinly clad, their condition is
said to be pitiable.
The work of grading is finished, and there
seems nothing for the unfortunate negroes
to do but get back to the South the best
way they can.
War Investigation Commission Con
siders Its Report Analyses of
Beef Samples Finished.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 6. The war inves
tigation commission held an all-day ses
sion considering their report, which it Is now
said will be ready for transmission to the
president about Wednesday of this week.
The roports of the chemical experts have
been received on the analyses of the beef
samples submitted, but It is Intended to
call the chemists themselves to identify
their reports, and If necessary, amplify
them by verbal testimony. This will ne
cessitate another day of open session at
least before the work of the commission
Is completed.
Tho commission adopted appropriate res
olutions on the death of Colonel Sexton.
Colored Girl Took a Hot Iron to Bed
and It Caused Her
BURLINGTON, KAS.. Feb. 6.-(Spec!al.)
Georgia Clay, a colored girl 11 years old,
was "found smothered to death thU morn
ing at the home of H. G. Beatty, where
she wns employed. When she went to bed
she wrapped a hot Iron In a cloth and put
in bed, to warm her feet. The bedding
caught fire from the iron and the smoks
from the feather bed tilled the room. The
girl tried to escape, but fell near the door,
where she was found dead when the fire
was extinguished. Her father lives in
Kansas City. The damage to the house
was light.
Kansas City Visitors in Florida.
qial.) Tourists to the winter resorts of the
eat coast of Florida are now enjoying de
lightful summer-like weather. The hotels
are- entertaining large crowds of people,
who find much to amuse nnd interest them.
Among recent arrivals from Kansas City
are: Mr. and Mrs. J. T. Bird. Mrs. Samuel
T. Smith, Miss Josephine Bird and Mr. and
Mrs. W. M. Bird and child. They are
guests of the Royal Polnciana Palm Beach.
Kansas City Arrivals In Neiv York.
NEW YORK, Feb. C.-(SpeclaI.) Kansas
City arrivals:
Albert L. Gasten. J. B. RuehL
Imperial Mrs. Bredouw.
Grand Union B. T. Colley.
St. Denis C. E. Knox.
Park Avenue Miss W. Lombard.
Team Still Needed.
25 more teams with coal bed wagons,
wanted at once. Apply Bolen' Coal Co's
main store-yard. 1st and Troost, or teie
nbnua 3U. 27S4. 12U or 5&
Senate Votes to Uphold the
Treaty of Peace.
Battle at Manila Was All That
Saved the Treaty.
Had They Voted No, It Would
Have Killed the Treaty.
Result Was in Doubt Until Almost
the Last Minute.
Greatest Interest Was Manifested nl
Administration Officials Were De
lighted Over the Outcome
Vest's Amendment Was
Voted Down Before
Vote oa Treaty.
YEAS 57.
, - Fetraa, fc
Piatt (Conn.1,
Piatt (N. i.),
Ross, , j
II anna,
Jones (Nev.),
Jones (Ark.),
WASHINGTON. Feb. 6. The treaty of
peace negotiated between the commission
ers of the United States" and Spain at Paris,
was to-day ratified by the United States
senate, the vote being fifty-seven ayes to
twenty-seven nays, or one more than tho
two-thl.ds majority necessary to secure
senatorial concurrence in a treaty docu
ment. -The vote was taken In executive ses
sion, and, until the injunction ot secrecy
was removed, the result was supposed to be
private; but the vice president had no moro
than announced the figures before senators
rushed out of every door leading from tha
senate chamber, declaring that the treaty
had been ratified. Some made the mistako
of stating that there were three votes to
spare.. There was. In fact, only one voto
more than was necessary; that Is, tho
change of one vote from, the treaty to tho
opposition, making the result fifty-six to
twenty-eight, would have left barely th
two-thirds majority. r
No vote has been taken in the senata
since that on the repeal of the purchasing
clause of the Sherman law that has been,
followed with as close interest as was tha
vote of "to-day. This anxiety was due not
only to the magnitude of the question at
Issue, but to the uncertainty which attend
ed the matter up to the last moment. Only
the elect few knew how Senators McEnery.
of Louisiana, and Jones, of Nevada, would
vote half an hour before their votes were
cast, and not even these knew when the
bells rang for the executive session, at 2:13
Many of the vast throng which was
turned from the galleries after the doors
were closed. In response to Senator Davis'
motion, lingered in the corridors; all wait
ing eagerly for the first news from inside
It was generally understood that the first
forty-five minutes was to be given to
speechmaklng. but the crowd apparently
was prepared for this delay.
Within the chamber the Interest wis even
more Intense. Very few senators left tha
chamber, except those engaged in tha
cloakrooms trying., on the one side, to gain
votes for the treaty, and on the other, tp
m-event a break In the rank Senators

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