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THE KANSAS CITY: JOUENAX, SUNDAY, FEBRTJAkY 12, 1899.
17 n i KANSAS CITY ANNALS HOW THE TOW.V LOOKED OVER FOUTV YEARS AGO. Interesting Pacta Contained In nn Old nook Recently I'reitcnted to the Karl)- Settlers' and Illa- torlcnl Society. How Kansas City looked forty years ago with a population of 7.0U0, what Its early trade was and tho manner in which it was carried on. where its finest residences and tallest buildings were, the appearance of its blurts and ravines, what professional men were then in the city this, together with much other quaint and curious informa tion concerning the babyhood' of the city, is graphically fet down in a little, old, weather-beaten book that a. pioneer discov ered in a corner of his garret tho other day. The book was written In 1KSS by C. C. Spalding and was entitled. "Annals of the City of Kansas and the Great "Western Plains." It is a sort of prospectus of the city and contains, besides the reading mat ter, a half dozen rare pictures or the city's Interesting points. The frontispiece is a "View of the Ievce, Kansas City," showing a tow of old-fashioned stores and warehouses squatting' be tween the bluffs and the river. "HetrojKilItan block, McGce's addition to EARLY HOME OP Kansas City," is the most Imposing pic ture of the lot. It looks like a scene on the main street of a Kansas village. Tho book was dedicated by Mr. Spalding to the following prominent citizens: E. M. McGee. J. Lykins, J. C. McCoy, J.C. Ranson, Joseph Guinotte, R. T. Van Horn, John Campbell, Kersey Coates. T. H. Swope. R, J. Lawrence. H. B. Bouton. J. V. Reid. J. W. Tolk, H. II. King and Samuel II. Woodson. To IJrinir PnenKer.'Anliore. In a brief preface the author, an early member of the Kansas City bar, outlines his object: "The Idea of writing these pages," he savs, "first occurred to me In the fall of 1S57, when my business called mo frequently to the levee, where boats were constantly landing. I almost invaria bly heard passengers who wero emigrating to this border and the Territory to select business localities saying to one another, 'Come, let us go ashore and examine the business resources of this place: thero seems to be considerable business on the levee, and it may be to-our advantage to locate here.' "It struck me forcibly that the very best business man could not possibly obtain any- thing more than a poor estimate of tho vast commercial resources of Kansas City, while a boat was discharging her cargo, and that perhaps with the aid of a book or pamphlet I might be able to furnish many an emigrant with information that would save him expense and trouble in his examinations, and at the same time bo Instrumental in securing for our city many useful, energetic and enterprising men and families to aid us in the building up of our city. The work that I proposed to myself for the accomplishment of this object Is 'new complete, and I offer it to the public with the assurance that it at least merits cne credit not always awarded to books of like Import it is correct." Early Trappera and Freighter. After a few introductory pages concern ing the Great Plains, the, author says of the early history and trade of Kansas City: "The location of Kansas City from the earliest settlement of Western Missouri, has always been a prominent point for the business of the plains and mountains. Old trappers, old mountain traders and freight ers, have had many a busy transaction around their camp fires under the bluffs of the 'ICawMnoutn.' long, lonir before wo can give any dates or figures. With these cm mountain men it nas always neen the point to start from and the point to come to. to settle up old and make new engage ments for their mountain commerce. "Tho principal portion of the land en siosed byK tho old city limits was originally FIRST BRICK HOUSE entered by Gabriel Prudbomme, the father-in-law of our present mayor, Hon. M. J. Payne, about the vcar 3S30 and all of the principal land entries, 'nlwut and adjacent to the city, were' made botween tho years 1S31 and JoiTj In IKS there was a partial, survey Dt the then town, but owing to, Mme nilsunderstandlng among the pro prietors, -nothing was done more than the erection of a few cabins. In 3S4G the town was rcsurveyed by J. C. McCoy, Esq., and the growth of the- city may be dates! from that year. Within IS months after the. first sale of lots In April 1S1G, there; was In' town a population of 700. Some eighty perons were proent nt this i-nle and the property at that time was thought by: KCme of the old pioneers to have been sold at very high prices. (iooda Sold In' I,ir Cnlitn Store. "In 1S39 and 1S10 the Indian tribes trad ing at Kansas City were the Delawares,, Munsas, Stockbridges. Shawnees, Kansas (or Kaws). Klckapoos. Osages, Pottawat-i omles. Wcas and Peorias. We refer now to that trade which "was the first" dene in' town uch as wes'for the most part trans-' acted within the log cabin stores -and gro-' cerles, before our warehouses were built,' and our wholesale trade with the interior, was In an incipient state. The greater por , tion of this early trade of the city was a. trade similar to that of ail now towns 4ir.d was what our Yankee brothers would' consider. In their vernacular, as a 'truck and dicker trade.' JPonles. pelts, furs, trln-' kets ana annuity moneys were received by our earlv traders in exchange for tiowder. lead, tobacco, sugar, coffee, candles, beads' ana wmsKy. in aaauion 10 incse articles, the Indians' bought of our traders calicoes, blankets, very many saddles, bridles and ribbons: and rings- costing 10 cents In St. Louis were frequently sold to .Indians for' $r or J5. Large profits were made on ev erything and ns a rule the Indians paid cat-h. but when they had no' money would freely pledge anything In their po--sesrion, s-urh as jwnles. fjlver arm bands, ear orna ments, etc "Our fellow citizen, Thomas "A. Smart, was the first man that opened 'a trading house in town. This was in 1S39. His stock In trade consisted of a general assortment of groceries and Indian goods. Forcxnnr the Park Knocker. "Mr. Spalding foretold 40 years in advance that there would be park knockers in Kansas City. He was even then making an argument against the grumbling because of the outlay required to cut down bluffs and fill ravines. "It is very true that the. topographical view of our city, at first sight, is anything but inviting to the vision; he admits. "Blurts, ridges and ravines, seem to be a poor and costly place to build a city and to do business or reside upon hillside grounds, thus broken and uneven, pre supposes an outlay of too much money, and also too many unpleasant and tire some walks. This is all very correct it Will require a large outlay of money to re duce our hills and elevate our ravines to the established grade of streets. Very well, tho same thing has been done in almost every city of the Union of any commercial Importance. New Orleans was tilled up, St. Louis and Cincinnati were dug down, Chicago, Boston, New York and Philadel phia are mostly built on made earth, and If the statistics of those cities are of any worth to Kansas City, they show us that the city built on high and uneven ground is, in the end, tho most substantial and economical. "By correct and systematic management, the most healthy and beautiful city of the Union can be made from these hills and valleys, and this too-at a less expense than it has cost to build up the great grain metropolis of the Union the city of Chicago." Caravan to New Mexico. An interesting description of overland wagon trains Is given: "In 1543 Messrs. Bent and St. Vraln landed the first cargo of goods at Kansas City that was ever shipped from this point to New Mexico in wagons that went out in a train. This train consisted of eighteen WILLIAM, GIL-LISS. wagons, with five yoke of cattle to the wagon, and about 0.000 pounds of freight, to each team. From 1S32 to ISIS our neighbor city. Independence, had the whole' com mand of this great trade. Her merchants amassed fortunes, and the business Bene-; rated by this prosperous Intercourse built up Independence into one of the most flourishing and beautiful towns - of the West." Importations from mountain --trade Mr. Spalding shows to have amounted in 1E.T7 to: Robes, furs, etc, t:57,:33 Mexican wool , 129.6ft) Goat skins , i 25.000 Dressed buckskins 62.500 Dry hldts 37,500 Peltries 26.000 The writer says that "a mountain train en route Is one of the grandest spectacles our country affords," and furnishes the following description: "Train is only another word for cara van. These caravans consist of from forty to eighty large canvas covered wagons, with from 5.000 to 6,500 pounds of freight to each wagon, also six yoke of oxen or five span of mules for every wagon, two men as drivers for every team, besides supercargoes, wagon masters, etc., who generally ride on horseback. When under wav these wagons are nboutlOO feet apart, and as each wagon and. team occupies a space of about ninety feet, a train of eighty wagons would stretch out over a distance of a trifle over three miles. In 157. 9.SS4 wagons left Kansas City for New Mexico. If .these wagons were all in one team, they would make a caravan 223 miles long, with 9S.S40 mules and oxen, and freighting an amount equal to 59,301,000 pounds." The trade from Jackson county was then $300,000 a year and from Clay county J750. 000. "Our ferry is every day crossing and recrossing families from this countv to trade with us. They also sell to our mer chants largely of their home fabrics, farm products and table supplies." Clty'a Flrat Homea and Building. Each addition of the city, as it was sub divided at that time, is given a chapter to Itself. Of Colonel E. M. McGee's addition the following description is given: "It Is a tract composod of 1C0 acres ex tending nine blocks south and six blocks east and west with an eighty-acre tract adjoining .on the eastward, embracing in all 240 acres. McGee's addition was subdi vided into lots In the summer of 1S35. but this subdivision would have been much earlier made had not this tract been em braced among the acres of an undivided es tate. This addition Is situated on the most level and unbroken ground In or about the city. "Sixty acres of the tract are covered with IN JACKSON COUNTY. a thrifty growth of young shade trees, not growing in a forest, but standing in an open woodland, in scattered rows and groves. The residence of the proprietor. E. M. McGee. Esq., one small btlck and two frame buildings were all the improve ments In this addition 'In the spring of the year 1S37. "The improvements since made make it a town of some Importance. Thirty-eight brick buildings and seventy-nine frame buildings, all of good proportion, have been erected the pat season, and the popula tion cf the addition now amounts to up wards of 700. A good portion of this popu lation is composed of German merchants. Industrious artisans and family grocery dealers. Turnpike to Wcatnort. "The turnpike road from the city to Westport. now being graded and macadam ized, passes through Grand avenue, the principal street of this addition, and on which are already erected forty-seven build ings, twenty-three of which are large and substantial brick buildings, and eighteen of thee brick buildings are in one ollrt block, having been erected since July, 1S57. at a cost of about SGO.OOO. "Grand avenue Is decidedly one of the handsomest streets in the state and is evi dently destined to become one of the prin cipal business streets of the city. All mall routes, either to the Territory or to East ern. Western or Southern Missouri, are through this addition. Again, all'thc great New Mexico travel, which consisted last' year of over 9.C00 wagons, passes through Grand avenue." i Forty-one Years latter. Table showing the amount of merchandise sold, for the year 1S37: Dry goods I 3M.M7 CT Hoots and bbocs 146. S01 64 I Hats and caps I Clothing - nooks and ttattoncry Hardware, iron, steel, nails, etc.. Powder. lead tnfl hol. t Glass and glassware 21.JV.0 00 S6.7U SO C.lsl 90 147.2M 17 20,231 54 Woodenware, brooms, etc 8.SS0 15 Stores, tin and nohow ware .- S3.3S1.36 Plows 2,733 00 Wagons and carriages 4t,800 00 Groceries 472,005 80 Flour and meal 383,400 00 Bacon and lard 101,545:7 Foreign and domestic liquors 135.915 ;o Cigars and tobacco 47,483 85 Robes, furs, etc 267,153 03 Hides 58.580 96 Salt 20,575 00 Sundries (embracing articles not enume rated) 105.791 86 Drugs, medicines and oils 62,198 20 Soap, candles, etc 27,705 00 Confectionery 6,090 00 Crackers and pilot bread 18,176 41 Furniture . .'. 34.603 00 Saddle, leather and harness 81,287 90 Lumber, shingles, sash,, etc 394,965 49 Total 13.183,502 31 In 1S9S: Coal 2.500.000 Oil 3.500,000 Produce, per montb 1,000.000 Dry goods 12.000.000 Implements 18,000.000 Hardware 6.000,000 Drugs and cigars 8,000.000 Liquors 12.000.000 Furniture 8,500.01)0 Hour, meal, etc 10,000,000 Millinery 1.730,000 Cattle. 957.573 head: hoes. 3.444.793 head. Keaulr- Ing labor of over 10,000 people, drawing wages of 33,000,000 annually. "It is but a little over a year since the dry goods trade of this city received par ticular attention. Population was both .spare and poor, and our grocer- dealers were content to lay In a small stock of calico and the plainer articles of dress ma terial, while their heaviest investments were in blankets, red shirts, soldier cloth' and the wear familiar to the prairies. This was done in order to draw the trade and the Indian custom. The idea with jour trades then was, that in order to secure custom, they must have a barrel of -whisky to a pair of wooden combs. Theresuit was that the showcase and the fish barrel stood side by side. But a change has come over our trade and there is but one or two of the old descriptions left. "In the first place Kansas City Is the de pot of tho Sante Fe and Mexican trade and consequently the best market for oxen. It is also the nearest river point to the stock growing regions of Arkansas, Texas and the Cherokee country, and the first place they strike the Missouri river on their trip north to California, Salt Sake and United States for forts and trading posts north of the Platte. It is the nearest and most ac cessible river town to southwest Missouri, and over two thirds of the territory of Kansas at which emigrants and others can land and outfit- It is also the best starting point for stock direct to Cali fornia, Utah and Fort Larlmle. as grass Is from two to three weeks earlier by the Kansas than by the Plate, water more abundant and less liability to Indian dep redations. These facts all conspiring here for the past few years made this the point cf salo and exchange for stock raisers and stock drovers and it is here stock buyers come to see the droves and make their purchases. "We have known as high as Ij.OOO head of stock sold here in one week during the season. This, large as It may seem, Is but the beginning of what Is to come. "The professions are fully represented as a. matter of course, for whoever lived in a fast and growing town where there were not lawyers, doctors, ministers, etc.. to minister to our spiritual, temporal and le gal wants. Dr. B. Troost was the first physician In town: he practiced here alone for years, gaining for himself a high rep utation as a physician and enlisting the affections and good opinion of the people In all the relation of life. But now we have young men and old; graduates of the first institutions of our own country and Europe, who are ever ready to be pro fessionally engaged. We also have a full complement of legal gentlemen, most of whom possess the power and ability to com pletely upset the law and evidence in any suit they undertake. Coates' addition is part and parcel of the old Choteau tract, purchased of Madame Choteau In June. ISoj, for $60 an acre. In June. ISM, an undivided one-third was sold to Dr. Hopkins for $220 per acre. In the winter of 1S3G-7 an undivided interest was purchased by O. F. Short, Esq., for $2,000 per acre. "In his purchase of June. 1833; Mr. Coates bought the whole of the Chauteau tract, the same being 120 acres and ex tending toithe Missouri river in the bottom above the levee bluff. But thirty-two acres only are laid off in this addition, fronting one-quarter of a mile on Broadway. This addition being on an "elevated, beautiful and healthy location. Mr. Coates Intends to use his whole Influence to make it one of the most desirable locations in the city for residences and fancy retail, furnish ing and dry goods stores. On the corner of Lexington avenue and Broadway, a com pany is now engaged' in building a hotel calculated to equal any In St. Loui.s. This hotel Is to be 100 feet front by 1421feqt deep, and flve.stories high, exclusive of.cellar and attic, and to cost $100,000. A Home for Nothing. In order to build up the addition that was named after him, Mr. Ranson furnished homeseekers with what they sought, free of charge. That is, he let them have the ground and the material with which to build, without requiring any payment In advance. The land and building material were Daid for afterwards on easy terms. Illustrated bv the writer of the book in this' way: 1 "For example A buys a lot for $ . Ho, makes no payment; all the ready money. In his possession he needs to use outside, or his nomesieau. iur. rtanson men tur nlshes A with a lot and the lumber or brick to build with, and if he builds a house that shall cost Jl.QOO he takes his notes', drawing, 10 per cent Interest; If he builds one cost-. cent Interest, and if he builds a house cost ing $5,000. he takes his notes drawing no In terest. All of these notes are given for the lot and the building material no money is required at all. unless the party purchas ing prefers to make a payment. Such is the magnanimous and liberal policy of Mr. Ranson, which we feel confident will speedily build up his addition. Mr. Ran son can be seen at. his warehouse on the levee." Mr. Spalding tells of the survey of this addition, now covered with some of the most elegant residences of the city, and describes the work done by a steam saw' mill Just set up In the addition to make its' forest ol trees into lumoer. "Clearing; Off" Douton's Addition. Clearing off the trees of what Is now Bouton's addition, and building the first rude fences that surround Its half dozen of homes, are told of in the next page or two of the old book. This addition lay be tween Holmes and Troost street, east and west, and Twentieth and Twenty-third, north and south. It was on the extreme confines of what was then the city. It first comprised forty acres subdivided into blocks and acre lots, no lot in the addi tion containing less than an acre, and there were three or four of these, only. In a block. So new was this addition to thfe city that the writer speaks of it as follows: "Not till August last was the survey of this addition made and already several houses have gone up, while others who have but recently purchased, are clearing up. fencing, etc.. Intending either to build this fall, or to be rendy for building early In the summer. The whole tract is as- yet thickly timbered, and at the Judge has as yet had no clearing done, except In the streets, all purchasers will secure- an abundant of fuel and can leave as many trees standing upon their lots as they please." On this addition, which was then a wild forest of trees and tangled undergrowth, there are now hundreds of home?. No vestige of the wooded tract It once was1, new remains. It Is the northern edge of the finest residence region of the South side. Three Saw Mill In Lykln' Addition. Dr. Lykins, iho bought seventeen acres of ground In the northwestern corner of what Is now Kansas City, in 1S3S, foresaw that a great city would some day he "built on the great bend of the Missouri river." "Within a halt, mile of this addition." remarks Mr. Spalding, "there are three saw mills constantly running." The spot In which these saw mills w.re making such a clatter forty years ago is now crossed by the Fifth street electric line of the Metropolitan Street railway. Lykins' original addition was bounded by Second and Fifth streets, and Broadway and Bluff streets. Later he opened a new addition, bounded by Twelfth and Thir teenth and Broad and Summit. This was ndjolnlns the Coates addition, one of the earliest plats in the city. It was bounded by Broadway and Bluff streets and Ninth and Twelfth. The Coates hotel, the opera house and some of the costliest flats and residences of the city are now to be found In Ihnt nrtdltlnn. ffi McGee & Holmes' addition, which Is now) almost in the very heart of the' city, check-j erect By came car iracrts ana ana ouswes, blocks, was opened, at- about the time Mr., Spalding took his pen In hand" to boom, the Infant Kansas City. "Last spring." he says, "every one of the, forty acres in this addition was thickly Umbered with elms, oaks, walnuts, mul-i berry, locust and hackberry trees." Bellevue place was then a new thing, and was considered "too far to walk" from the levee. Of King's addition, which occupied the space between Wyandotte and Broadway, the writer says:. "Eleven thousand dollars has already been spent for the grading of streets. Nearly all the streets in that vlcin- lty were cut down through clay banks and bluffs twenty and thirty feet high. Before Railroads Came. One of the most Interesting chapters In the book, looked at from this retrospective distance, is that urging the building of railroads and predicting Kansas City's fu ture as a railroad center. At tthat time there were only IS3 miles of railroad in the state of Missouri, as follows: St. Louis to Jefferson City, 123 miles; St. Louis to St. Charles, twenty miles; Hannibal & St. Joseph, open to Salt river, forty miles. In beginning this chapter, the longest in the book. Mr. Spalding says of the project of a road to the Pacific: "Twenty years ago the building of a rail road to the Pacific was strenuously urged Its practicability demonstrated and later, tho adaptation of the country between California and Missouri to settlement, and to the construction of a railroad, was fully exhibited to government, and the mercan tile and business associations of the coun try, by the late Hon. Thomas H. Benton, who, after a clear demonstration that never can be refuted, that safety as well as policy and profit require the construc tion of this road, said "that any other na tion, upon half a pretext, would go to war for such a road, and tax unborn genera tions for Its completion,' and yet nothing not even the first step has been taken, eith er by government or Individual enterprise, to build the road cartainiy, then, an appeal is In no way out of place in this chapter." Mr. Spalding was a .seer, undoubtedly. He foretold for Kansas City all that would happen to It in the way of railroads, even though so much has happened to it so much more than the average person would have dared to prophesy at that time. But Mr. Spalding saw it ail. and sa delighted was he with the picture that he broke into verso long enough to exclaim: Thundering through the mountains, riylng o'er the vale. Bless me! this Is pleasant! Riding on a rail. He terminates his" prophecy with the paragraph: "When the Kansas City & Keokuk road, the Pacific Toad, the Galveston road, with its branches into the mineral regions of Southwest Missouri: the road to Santa Fe, N. M.: the Kansas River Valley road, with Its network of branches over that great producing domain; the Platte country road, and the great National railway from the mouth or the Kansas to the bay of San Francisco; when all those railroads are constructed, Kansas City will then have a svstem of railroads as" complete and more extended than Chicago. She will then be the center of something and the iron horse will be bringing her the fruits and products of the plains and mountains. Yes, the com merce of this Western empire. With this vast commerce, which she is to-day guilty of dallvlng and trilling with, she will then be hol'ding, managing and directing with hands of iron, arms of steam, and whispers of lightning" SHOCKED THE DEPARTMENT. KaVal Cadet Kerrlck. of Cnllfornln, Came Near Being Expelled From Annapolis. The navy department has decided not to expel Naval Cadet Charles S. Kerrick, of California, who wrote an insulting letter about the Annapolis naval academy, its of ficers and his brother cadets. The letter was written to Kcrrick's sweetheart. Miss Theresa Finley. of Lonesomehurst, Ireland. The part ot tne letter to wmen ice ae- partment took' exception "was as follows: "United States Naval Academy, Annapolis, Md.. Decembef IS, 1S9S.--' $ V - "My Dear Theresa; I. .'2 promised 'yotf-' that I would write- to you, telling you" of. my experience during, the first month at the United States" naval academy. I am sure if you knew how busy we are kept here you would not ask me to do such a thing; and I assure you that unless I am compelled to I will never write another. Nevertheless, as I "have the misfortune to be a cadet. I will endeavor to Inform you of my duties here. As I have a very diffi cult mathematics lesson to prepare when this Is finished, I know you will excuse, or at least be lenient with any mistakes you may find. "2. My first advice to anyone entering here is to forget he was ever taught to consider himself a gentleman. This is very necessary to do, because if he does not his first day's experience with some of our of ficials here will rather dampen his ardor and show him what he must expect for his first four years ns a servant of this great nation. My next admonition to him will be to make falsehood his god. My close observations have clearly shown me that the scientific liar and general scoundrel will always flourish here, 'while the upright youth will, as a rule, succumb to the an nual clearance. However, this latter con dition is not necessary for entering. A month's training will bring most of them to It. Let a man be treated as a reprobate, and before long he will certainly become one." The remainder of the letter described the ordinary- work of the aca-Jcmv. Customer "But all the buttons came off this coat the first time I wore it." Old Isaac "Veil, so many people admire dot coat, dot you shwcll mit pride and burst does buttons qfC' I'ot and Kettle. From tho Indianapolis Journal. Small New Yorker "Don't them West ern folks talk funny?" . Another One "Don't they, though? When they mean 'gojT they say 'gal.' " NAVAl CADET KERRICK. Ifflltelll I DOYO0l" V oo GERHAN HOTOR SLEIGH, mmWWWWt ZmtWW W 3Hk jmmWBttmmmm A mmm.iWWWWEW The Latest Winter Fad FREEDOM FOR A SLAVE KILLED AX OVERSEER WHES HK "WAS A SAVAGE. In Kintc County, X. Y., Penitentiary He Studied Hard and Became a Well Educated Man HI Subaeituent Career. From the New York Journal. This Is the story of a negro slave boy who was convicted of murder eight years ago, and sentenced to be hanged because he, with other slaves, fought for his rights on the guano Island of Navassa, off the coast of Haytl. This island is owned by the Navassa Phosphate Company, of Bal timore, and is under the jurisdiction of the United States, under a law that allows their citizens to plant the stars and stripes on guano islands not occupied by any other power. The slave' boy's sentence was commuted to imprisonment for life by President Har rison. He went to the Kings county peni tentiary almost a savage. He could neither read nor write. Now he Is educated and intelligent, having studied hard in the pris on school, and is a bookkeeper in the In stitution. Commissioner of Charities Lantry thinks he should be pardoned, and Is preparing papers to submit to Piesldent'McKlnley. He and Deputy Commissioner N."0. Fanning say that Jones Is not a murderer, bur was merely fighting for his rights that were his. like any true American. They are hacked in the pardon movement by In fluential citizens. Chapter I. The Island of Navassa, washed by the bluo waters or the Caribbean sea, be longs, geographically, to the republic of Haiti, but in 1S37 a party of filibusters from Baltimore, realizing that no govern ment can claim land which it does not occupy, took; possession of it. The'Haytlans made feeble but vain protest. The filibusters hoisted the American flag, and peopled the island with slaves. The crack of the slavedrlver's whip was soon heard where only the scream of the seagull had broken the silence for cen turies. The filibusters made money from the guano deposits, which they shipped to the United States in schooners. No vessels except those belonging to the filibusters called at "the Island. Slaves died and were burled without, ceremony. There were horrible tales told of the cru elty of the overseers, but they were the kings of the place, and though the red. white and blue flag of freedom floated over It. there was no freedom thcre.vno redress for murder, outrage or starvation. President Lincoln's proclamation of lib erty to the black man penetrated to ev ery corner of the United States, but it Is, said that it has never gone Into effect in Navassa. When slaves could be shipped in chains no longer, the company secured the ser vices of Ignorant colored men by painting Navassa to them as a kind of paradise, where tropical fruits abounded and whore life was one continuous round ot happi ness. Chapter II. In a little frame house in Baltimore there lived, in 18S9. Mrs. Louisa Jones, a worthy negress. whose only son. Henry, then 17, was as Ignorant as a negro boy in the South could possibly be. He made his liv ing by doing odd Jobs. He was credulous and stupid. A small coterie- or boys with whom ho played heard of the wonders of Navassa. They believed all they were told. Gold was to be picked up on the island, and life there was a tropical dream. One day Jones mm ins inraus uisappearea irom the streets. They had enlisted for service on the magic island, and had started off to make their fortunes. A pokey little schoon er took them south, and after a rough pas- jiki.-. uuniig wnicn tneir disillusionment began, they were landed on the West In dian guano island. The tales of paradise they found were lies invented by the man who shipped them. They found themselves as much prisoners as the convicts in Siberia. There was no psonnp Thnv hart oloniul In lk-1- .1 L. . tsa iw2y aU the PaPers that were of- iri cu mem. Jones had fancied that he was to be a waiter at $20 a month. He says he found he was to be a slave at nothing per month. He was barbarously treated by tho over seers, whose by-laws and regulations had been handed down to them from the old sl.'ivp-nrivlni Hm "XVi.i. iAn.i..i - volvers, the knout and the whipping post. '"' miii lusauus worK. me only sign of freedom there was the stars and stripes, which floated, a red, white and blue lie. over the quarters or the slaves. The slaves had no means of escape. An American citizen who contracts to give his labor in the United States can walk from the factory a free man and break his cov enant. An American slave In Navassa has no alternative. If he does not wish to work be may starve, for all the food on the island is controlled .by the company He can not leave, because there are no ships for him to go on except those be longing to the company, and these are not open to him until he has served his term of penal servitude. If he were well fed and Well treated Navassa conditions would still he an Infamy, because a free man Is made a captive and forced to carry out a .' con.trac.L by mhods that make him little better than a lohg-term convict. Over this penal settlement floats the glorious flag of liberty. Chapter III;- The men who worked on the guano Island with Jones were 'not Blackstones. neither were they Joseph H. Choates. If they had been, they might have made such repre sentations to the Navassa company as would have secured their freedom. They might have served upon tho agents som writ that would have frightened them Into letting them go. But being only ignorant negroes, they knew of no other way to right their wrong's than to quit work. When the overseers, who had exasperated them by their cruelty tried to forre them back Into the guano beds they resisted. They were maddened by an atrocious punishment Inflicted on one of their number. A In the United States a e civilian who refuses duty can not ler V be made to work at the point of a, lver. yet that is the lay of Navassa. in. Caribbean sea under the stars and stripes., William A. Foster, one of the overseera tried to make' the men return to work by flourishing a loaded rifle. If he had done that In a New York factory killing him would not have been murder. Foster rushed at Jones, the rifle leveled at his breast. The colored slave felt that his life was in danger, and. Ignorant and wretched though he was, his life was dear to him. and he believed that as an Ameri can he had a right to defend It. He struck the overseer over the head and the latter fell and a short time afterward died. An nutopy nhowed that Foster, who was a good fighter, had many wounds, and that It was not necessarily Jones' blow that killed him. The negroes were overpowered eventu ally and taken on the United States man-of-war Galena to Baltimore for trial as "mutineers." One fiction of the law was that the island of Navassa was a ship and that they were as much mutineers as a m:.n before the mart who refused dutv. I If this Is the law it should be conve Seen in Berlin Streets. nient for" corporations to have it applied to Manhattan Island as well as Navassa, so that 'workmen here who strike may be subject to sea. statutes. The conveniences or this would be great. Large employers of labor would find it to their interest also' to have .rnlladelphla and Chicago declar ed three-masted schooners and Boston a full-rigged vessel, so that their hands might be subject to belaying-pin discipline, if they tried to resign. Chapter IV. The evidence that Jones "mutinied" ras complete. He was tried In Baltimore with Edward Smith and George S. Keyes, two other "mutineers." for the killing- of Slave-Drlvcr Foster, and on May 29. IS9L all three were sentenced to die. Eighteen other negro were convicted and awarded long terms or imprisonment. President Harrison, in obedience to pop ular clamor, commuted the three death sentences to imprisonment for life. Ho re fused to pardon the men outright, thougli the pressure for him to do so was great. The United States steamship Marbleheail. under Commander McCalla. a stern dis ciplinarian, was sent to investigate condi tions at Navassa. He reported that the men were well treated. That, or course, was not. all the point or complaint. The great grievance of the ne groes was that they were prisoners in a free country ns much so as ir they had been in Sing Sing, more so. in fact, for there are no civil authorities to appeal o. no mails and no possible redress on the slave island of Navassa. Jones and his fellow prisoners were- sent to the Kings county penitentiary. Keyes was so upset by his grievances that he be came Insane and was taken a raving mani ac to the Washington insane asylum on June 23. 1893- Smith died of a broken heart on June 19. 1S94. Only Jones or all the "mu tineers." it is said, remains In jail. All the. rest, or nearly all. have been pardoned or their terms have expired. Chapter V. When Jones entered the penitentiary he was uncouth and savage. The only law he knew was nature's law of self-defense, and in this he had little reason to confide. His exercise of it had nearly landed him on the gallows. But he was a bright boy, and the warden became interested in him. Navassa meth ods do not prevail in the penitentiary. Kindness and persuasion replace the goad and the loaded whip, and kindness made a man of Jones. He soon learned to read and write and to figure. He surprised the missionaries with his brightness. They saw that he was not the stuff of which murderers are made. To-day he is the head bookkeeper In a workshop in which 700 men are employed, and the most trusted prisoner in the 'insti tution. Commissioner Lantry and his assistant. N. O. Fanning, S. R. Scottron. of No. 598 Monroe street, and Mrs. P. Van Delft, of No. 253 Hooper street, are preparing a pe tition to tho Dresident for his release. It will be opposed by the Navassa Phosphate Company, but It is believed that it will be granted. Two years ago the attorney gen eral rejected a similar petition on the ground that Jones had not served quite long enough. The Navassa "mutineer" was the hap piest prisoner in this state yesterday. He had received a letter from his aged and devout mother In Baltimore, bidding hira hope. She has spent most of her time since hi9 conviction working for his release. IN PLACE 0FTHE HAT PIN. Handy Arrangement for Keeping Woman's Headsjrear In Place. Here's a newly, patented article of In interest to woman. The little appliance does away altogether with that curse of ) TO SUPPLANT THE HAT PIN. fine hats and bonnets, the hatpin. Num erous devices have been invented to super sede the hatpin, but none heretofore seem ed to replace that necessary evil. The new appliance, however, eeems to come up to all the requirements of a cheap yet solid and reliable hat-fastener. It consists of two small side combs attached to the nether side of the brim at either side of the head and sliding within narrow holders. When the combs are pushed upward the hat will sit as firmly as If held by two pins. The cost of these combs is trifling, and since they are almost invisible when In use they have become quite popular In a very short time. Easily Solved Here. From the Chicago Tribune. Stranger "I hear occasionally of your 'garbage problem.' What Is it? Thirtieth warder "The garbage problem is how to get the most pay for removing the least garbage." Curious. From the Detroit Free' Press. Dora "I screamed when he kissed me." Cora "How many times?" LEGAL NOTICES. NOTICE OF SPECIAL TAX DILLS Board of Pnh- llc Works. Department of Engineering. Kansas Cltr, Mo.. Feb. Sth. 1S99. Tubllc notice is hereby gtten thit special tax bills amounting to $837.04 -were Is sued from this office on the Sth day of Ftb.. 1899. ta M. Schoonmaker, contractor, for completing the fol lowing public Improvements. tIz.: Constructing brick sidewalks on both sides of Wjandotta street from Serenteenth (17th street to Southwest boule vard, as provided by ordinance No. 10328. If said tax bill are not paid nn or before the Sth day cf March, 1899. ther will bear interest at the rate of 10 per centum per annum from date of fssuer Feb. S. '98. Dills mar be found with If. C. Abel. After payment, the bills must be presented at city. treasurers omce to oe sausuea oi rccora. HEXRT A. WISE. City Engineer NOTICE OF.SPECIAL TAX I1ILLS Board of lie Works. Department of Engineering, Kansas City, Mo.. Feb. Sth. 199. Public notice Is hereby given that special tax bills amounting to $626.07 were is sued from this ofuce on the 8th day of Feb.. 1S99, to SI. Schoonmaker. contractor, for completing the fol lowing public improvements, viz.: Constructing plank sidewalks on west side ot llardesty ave. from Independence ave. to St. John avenue, as provided by ordinance No. 10,34. If said tax bills are not paid on or before the Sth day of llarrh, 1899, they will bear Interest at the rate of 10 per centum per annum from date of Issue, Feb. 8. '99. Dills may be found with M. Schoon maker. After payment, the bills must be pwented at city treasurer's office In be satisfied of record. HENRY A. WISE. City Engineer. NOTICE Is hereby given that letter of administra tion on the estate ot Emily Hurler, deceased, were granted to the undersigned by the probate court of the county ot Jackson, state ot Missouri, at Kan ass City, on the h day of February, 1S99. All per sons having claims against said estate are required to exhibit the same to the undersigned for allow ance, within one year after the date of said letters, or they may be precluded from any benent of said estate, and It such claims be not exhibited within two years from the date ot this publication they will be forever barred. E. If. PHELPS.' Administrator. -Dated this i day of February. 1839. NOTICE Is hereby given that letters testamentan on the estate of William P. Allcutt. deceased, wera granted to the undersigned by the probate court ot the county of Jackson, state of Missouri, at Kansas City, on the 30th day of January. 1899. AH persona having claims against said estate are required to exhibit the same to the undersigned for allowance within one year after the date of said letters, of they may be precluded from any benent ot said es tate, and It such claims be not exhibited within two years from the date of this publication they will he forever barred. ANN J. ALLCOTT, Executrix. Dated this 30th day of January. 189. NOTICE OF FINAL SETTLEMENT Notice Is here by given to all creditors snd others (iterated la ttim eststs. of Andrew Jones, deceased, tb.t . Uwnnce If. Jones and John L. Jones, executor. . said estate. Intend to make a final settlement thereot J county. Missouri, to be held st Kansas City, Missouri. en the SOtn day of February, 189. LAWRENCE M. JONES AND JOHN L. JONBS Executors,? Meservey. Pierce German. Attorneys. v 4 NOTICE 'TO DIRECTORS Notice Is hereby glvtsJ tttat tne annual mecuug, ei me oireciors or let will be held at the otBce, of the company In-KanHs City. Missouri, en Tuesday. March fourteenth AUltf. eighteen hundred and ninety-nine, st ten o'clock -a. m.. as required by law, for the treasaetloa et-ksstk business as msr properly coats berore them. ,J EDWARD S. WASHBURN. Presldsri. J. S. FORD. Secretary. ' Kansas City, Six. Feb. 1st. MS. t "moticb of itnal svrriJssaarr-itotse.ts by given to all creditors and others, fltMrsstH la lbs esuu of Rebecca Emmons. Uritmij that, L lames Q. smith, administrator at seiVtsjta;' tateaa) m stake a final settlement thereot at tsMjsju term at Use nrebats court ot Jacksea eevatx, is'sto-saM Kansas City. Missouri, sa tks SOU isi at Febrwatv TsMUL HOTICE9. IN the circuit court of Jackson county, Missouri, at " City, division No. on (1). Case No. MSTJ. a the matter ot the proceedlnga to ascertain and assess damage and benefits to arise from the pro scsed grading ot Wabash avenue from south line of Castleton to ttn north Una of Thirty-second (Knd) atreet. In Kansas City, Jackson county. Missouri, under ordinance of said Kansas City, No. 1839. ap PrT',da the 13th day ot November, A. D. 1858. and entitled 'An ordinance to grade Wabash avenu 'T"" """a line ot Castleton to the north lln of 32d street." Now on this, the ub 4ay ct February. A. D. 1899, In thla. the circuit, court ot Jackson, county. Missouri. at4 Kansas City, division number en (1). comes Kansas City, Missouri, appearing by Its assistant counselor. Si' S. Winn. Esq.. and snows to the court that Its major has heretofore caused to be filed In tela court certified copy ot the aforesaid ordinance, and the court, being fully advised la the premises, makes the following order herein, to-wlt: T AU Persons Whom It May Concern. Greeting: Whereas. A certified copy of an ordinance of Kansas City, Missouri. No. 10S37, spproved oa the-lltli day of November. A. D. 1S31. and entitled "An.irdinaace to grado Wabash avenue from the' south line of Castleton to the north line ot 33d areet,"was by the mayor of Kansas City, aforesaid, caused to be filed la the circuit court ot Jackson county. Missouri, at Kansas City, snd the general oblert anJ nature ot said ordinance and the limits within which private property is benefited by the propoe4 grading being stated and defined, therein and which said ordinance is substantially as-follows, to-wlt: Be It ordained by the common council ot Kansas City: Section 1. That Wabash avenue from the sooth Una of Castleton to the north line ot Thirty-second street shall be graded the full width thereof and to the established grade of the same. r Section 3. Embankments or filU shall be made jot earth or rock, or both combined. The wort nertla authorized may be protected from eunaee, water oy temporary drains cr culvert, put In under'the direc tion ot the board ot public works, as the said board may deem necersary. and the same may be closed. removed or altered at will. !n accordance with the provlslona ot section 13. ot article IX.. charter ot Kan sas City. Section 3. That whenever, when embankments ara made. It shall be necessary in the opinion ot the city engineer, by reason ot lnlunctlon proceedings or proper objections on the part ot abutting property owners, or for any other similar guod and sufficient reason, to construct a wall or walls tor the support and sustaining of any part of the street graded (which wall or walls shall not have been Included In tl-e approximate estimate for the making ct the Im provement), In the place ot the usual slope given to such embankment, the city engineer may design a plan for a wall or wslts sultsble for the purpose, and require the contractor to construct the same In ai cordance therewith under his supervision and subject to his approval and acceptance, and the construction ot said wall or walls shall be deemed a necessary part ot the work and Improvement authorized to be made, and the cost thereof shall be estimated In and deemed a pirt ot the cost of grading said street to its legally established grade, and be .paid for In spe cial tax bills accordingly. Provided, however, that the prirts to be paid the contractor for each and alt ot the materials furnished, and tor all labor done In constructing such wall or walls shall be fixed and determined by the city engineer, and shall under no circumstances be in excess ot the actual cost ot such work, plus s reasonable sum (not to exceed ten (10) per centum of such actual cost), as profit on the expenditure Involved on the part ot the contractor; Section . The wirk shall be paid for In special tax bills against and upon the lands that may be charged with the cost thereof, according to law, which work the common council deems It necessary to have done, but the passage ot thla ordinance auit the doing ot said work shall not render Kansas City liable to pay for such work, or any part thereof, otherwise than ky the Issue of special tax bills. Section 5. Wheress. Prtvste property mty be dis turbed or dsmaged by the grading herein authorized and provided for. and the owners thereof lawfully entitled to remuneration or damage under the coa-' stltutlon ot this state and have not waived all right or claim thereto, it Is ordered that proceedings to ascertain and assess all such damages or remunera tion be begun and carried on. and such remuneration or damages ascertained and assessed as provided In article VIII.. ot the charter of said city, and the common council prescribes and determines the limits within which private property Is benefited by tho proposed grading herein mentioned, and the limits within which such property shall be assessed and charged to pay such remuneration or damages, to be as follows, to-wlt: Beginning at s point on the south line ot Csstleton one hundrml snd thirty-five (133) feet west of-the west Hue ot Wabash avenue: thtnceiaoutk and parallel to the west line ot Wa bash avenue to thfe north line of 30th street: thence to a point. en tne,sjoutA,Hee ot 30th street one hun dred and thirty-seven -sad twenty-nine one hun dredths (137.29) feet west ot the west line cf Wabash avenue: therce south and parallel to the west line of -Wabash avenue to the southwest corner ot let five (3). block two (31. ot Oakvlew; thence to the north west earner of lot eight (8). ot said block two Ct: thence to the southwest cornerot said lot eight (8): tbence westerly along the south line ot ssld block; two (3) to a point one hundred snd thirty-seven (137) feet west ot and at right angles to the west line at Wabash avenue: thence south and parallel to the west line of Wabash avenue to the north line ot 33nd street: thence east along the north line ot 32nd street to a point one hundred and thirty-two) (133) feet east of tba east line ot Wabash avenue; thence north and parallel to the east line of Wabasn avenue to the north line of 31st street: thence to a point on the north line of 31st street one hundred; and thirty two and and twenty-nine one hundredths (1339) feet west of the west line of Prospect avenue: thencv north and parallel to the west line ot Prospect avenue ' to the south line at Castleton: thence west to tho piece of beginning. Section 6. All ordinances or partg at ordinances la conflict herewith are. Insomuch as they tonfilct with this ordinance, hereby repealed. Now. therefore you and each ot yon are hereb7 notified that the tilt day ot February. A. D. 1899. Is the day. and the courtroom of division No. one (1) ot the circuit court ot Jackson county, Missouri,, st Kaiv Ban City, at the county court house In Ksnsaa City. Jsckson county. Missouri. Is the piece, hereby fixed by ssld court for the ascertaining and assessing of damages and benefits that may arise from said pro posed grading and that unless on or before the day next befure the day set tor the hearing aforesaid or t before the day to which aaid cause may have been postponed or continued, you file with the clerk ot said court your claim or claims for damages, con taining a description ot the property claimed to be damaged, and the Interest ot the claimant therein, rat and each ot you shall be forever thereafter precludes from making any claims on account thereof. And the court further orders that this order be pub lished In each Issue of The Kansas City Journal (thx newspaper doing the city printing) tor ten days, tin last Insertion to be not more than one week prior to the day therein fixed tor said hearing. ' I. H. M. Stonestreet. clerk of the circuit court'ot" Jackson county. Missouri. hereby certlfythat the forego ing Is s true and correct copy ot the order made by di vision No. one (I) ot the circuit court ot Jackson county, Missouri, at Kansaa City, in the above en titled proceeding on the 8th day ot February. A., p. 18M. as the same appears of record In my office. witness my hand and seal ot court this 8th dsy of rebmsry. 18J9. H. M. STONESTKEtr. Clerk ot the Circuit Court of Jackson County. , sour!. I (Seal) . By J. 3. CHA3R Deputy Clerk. CONDEMNATIO.V OF JTrH STREET TROlt Troost Avenue to Euclid Avenue The state ofiMls sourl. the county ot Jsckson. the city ot Kansas City. st. Sam Barben. George Eteitr. George TOOrir Oth. Jr., Ode a. Kell. Amite L. Monro. Lewis Pert.,, Ins. the Western Farm Mongers' Trust Co.. wlUitaee notice that your property will bi taken for tsje; pur pose specified In the ordinance of Kansas CUT, So. 10S2f. entitled "An ordinance to1 open and etubath Thirty-seventh (Tfth) street from Troost avenue to Euclid avenue." approved September IlstTSs. and that a Jury will be Impaneled to ascertainIks. com pensation therefor on the 10th day of Mattir. A. D. 189. at ten ot the clock In the forenoon, at the lower house council chamber, on the fourth fboWof ttio city hall building, on the southeast comer ot Fourth and Main streets. In Kansas City. Jaclrfsi county. Missouri. , ' - Issued under the hand ot the city ctt't. and the teal of Kansas City, aforesaid, this TCI der of Feb ruary. A. D. 1899. C.',CURRY. Real) City Clerk of Kansas Qty. Missouri. -r- CONDEMNATION OF 37TH ., STREET FROM Troost Avenue to -Euclid Avenue fbe state ct Mis souri, the county ut Jackson, th city of Kansas City, ss. The American Natlouatbank. of Denver. Col.; Ida A. Darker. Annie M. Backup. Sarah L. Beveridge. W. if. Burch, SamBarben, Alexander Burden, a. L. Chrlsman. A. W. Chamberlain, trus tee for Walker Cowherd: W. Epy Curtis. Martha E. Ulapp. George Carney. 1 s. aravison. Anus Dldlakr. J. R. Estill. C EV Julia r. Gordon: George EtefnA rords, trustee for rrle A. Ely. wtfs of George A. Ely; George, AS 1 trustee for Anna W. Lanaj Evan A. Fusseli, Charles E. Grlf- mo. iieorge i. unmin.,yo.a A. Holten, Jane W. Mallnds Hgentrltx. llowe, rTances l. tluan Magdalen- C Johnston. '8 iss M. James, trustee for John W. Norton: QdfG ell. Anna W. Lancas ter. Mary M. Lakenaa.Augusc C. Lelsner. Martha W. Leavltt. Sarah Wiker. Annie L. Monroe. M- G. Manlev. trustee;. At 'Monroe, trustee: (unknown heln of Elizabeth Jjhtthewi. deceased). Elizabeth Matthews. Robert Lv McEIroy. John w. Norton. Charles G. Fatteeap. Lewis Perkins, Gsrdner T. Parker. Helen MarflB Roberts, wife of Edwin C Roberts; Edwin aRoberts. 11. F- Roberts, trastea for M. R. Roberis'and O. L. Chrisman: M R. Roberts, Phllena vf. Rounsevllle (or Phllena W. RoundsvIIIe). MaJJ S. Rising. Robert Robyn. trustee for August C. -liUntr: E. E. Richardson. It. L. Sharp. Mary B.Smith. Fannie E. Spalding, wife oC Horatio A. Snaidfng: Horatio A. Spalding. Mary S Stone. II. Shrjder. Andrew Schmidt, Cams- F. Tor rey. Edward' Oi' Taylor, trustee for Sarah L. Bev eridge: the Western Farm Mortgage Trust Co.- wilt tahe notlcetnat your property will b assessed to compensate"for-tlie taking of private property for the purpose spec) tad In tbe ordinance ot Kansas City. No. 10329," entitled "An ordinance to open and es tablish TMrty-ieventh (37th street from Troost sve nue t Sutlld svenue," approved September 21st. 1898. an lht a Jury will be Impaneled to make such assessment on the 10th day of March, A. D. 189. ar ten' of the clock In the forenoon, at tba lower-kouve council chamber, on the fourth Boor ot the rlfyjhall building, "on the southeast comer of Fourtk and Main streets. In Kansas City, Jackson county.-V Missouri. J&KCd under tbe hand of the city clerk, and tba seal -of" Kansas City, aforesaid, this 7th day of Feb rdsry. A- D. 1SJ9. c. S. CURRT.I -(Sean city Clerk ot Kansas City. Missouri. NOTICE OF SPECIAL TAX BILLS Board of Pub-ii- AVnrb. nn.rinient of EnslneerlnF. Kiiuu rctv JM&.'-Feb. 8th. 19. Public notice Is hereby given xnaa specisi tax oiua auiouuuui; io t.v.j.si were is 'sed from this office on the Sth dsy ot Feb.. 189. to .Wm. Trehey, contractor, for completing the follow- Jnc public improvement., viz.; uruaing ucuea street from Nineteenth (19th) street to Twenty-third (33d) street. In compliance with ordinance No. 7888. It aald tax bills are not paid on or berore the Sto. day of March, 1839, they will bear Interest at the) rate of 10 per centum per annum inn data of Issue, Feb. I. 9. Bills msr be found at 183 Montaall ave.. with Wm. Trehey. After payment, the bills must be presented at city treasurer's office to be satisfied of record. HENRY A. wise. City Engineer. NOTICE Is hereby given that letters et admlaUtra. tJoa en the estate et James N. Walklna. daeaaaadw were created to the undersigned by taa probata court et the county of Jackson, state et Missouri, at Xaasaa City, on the 3Jth day et January, 1st. AU persona having claims against said estate ara required to ex hibit the asms to the andtrslgaed for allowance. within oaa year after the date of aald letters, or ther amy e precluded from sny benefit et said estate, and If each claims be not exhibited within two year from taa date et this publication they will be ferersd tarred. OEORGB F. BRIOH AM. JR.. AdBlalitrstac. r Bets tils 3tk day st January. ltteV -.-fVj-.-rt-gJiB&!.-Saal .