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- T . P - fv - lJV" 18 THE KANSAS CITY JOURKAI SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER 3, 1899. f5 . IN THE MOUNTAIN! IL HUNDRED MILES AMONG OCR WEST INDIAN' HILLS. FEATURES OF COUNTRY LIFE SOMETHING ABOUT THE FIELDS OF TODACCO. CHEAT IA. Land of Palms and Ranauai, Where Orances Cost -4 CcntM n. Dozen and the Cotton Grows on Trees A Look at the Villages. (Copyritht, 1E59. br Frank C. Carpenter.) SAN JUAN, PORTO RICO, Aug. 6.-Let us take a trip together over Uncle Sam's new Island. I can give you no Idea or Its beauty without you go with me. vc will start at Ponce and travel leisurely across Porto Rico, making notes upon the way. United States. It Is fenced with barbed wire. Further on are fields bounded by prickly hedges of wild pineapples. The pines are so sharp that you cannot crawl over them, and they serve well to keip In the stock. The Country Houses. Where are the farm houses and where are the barns? Farm houses as we know them are not to bo seen In Porto Rico. Here and there Is the home of a planter, a building made of boards with holes in the walls for windows and with a pair of stairs reaching from the ground to its flr.st door. The houses are built high oft the ground, and. as in the cities, the well-to-do people all lle upstairs As to barns, there Is I enture, not one in the countrj The cattle and hordes feed out of doors all the jear round. It is never cold here and there is always good pas ture. All along the road and scattered over the hills we Bee the homes of the peons They are little shacks made of boards or rialm birk. Thei arc so poor that jou would not think them lit for jour cow. You could put up am one of them for less than Jo. and few are more than ill teen feet square. We see more of these shacks as we go on our wav up the hills. Some of them are to be reached onlv by mule paths and are in such teep places that it would seem that even a mule rould not climb up to them. Still those little huts are the homes of the peons, who are glad to be allowed to live in them, going back and forth to their work. There are no gardens about them, for they must buy all thev eat. Some hae a few chick ens and now and then sou see a black razor-backed hog or two tied to the side of a hut It is alwavs tied. Nothing is allowed to run at large in Porto Rico, and hogs are tethered by driving stakes in ON THE 1IILI TART ROAD. TVe shall go over a trip I recently made and reproduce it In the notes I took on the ground Our conveyance is a battery wag on, such as Is used by Uncle Sam's tele graphic operators in time of war. It Is as big as a hall bedroom, and so fitted out with long cushioned seats that we can sit up or lie down at will. Our motive power in four of Uncle Sam's government mules. They will go as slow or as fast as we like, and we shall get relays of new mules at noon every day. The Military Rand. The route we shall take shall be overthe famous military road, made at an enor mous cost by the Spaniards. It winds its way across the mountains from the mouth ' of the Carribean sea to that of the Atlant ic through one of the most beautiful re gions of the world. It Is so smooth and free from dust that you will not need to wear old clothes, and you can ride as comfortably upon It as upon your asphalt or macadam at home. I despair of giving you a conception of this highway. There is nothing better in the United States. It is smoother than the driveways of Central park. New York, and better constructed than the roads in Sol diers' Home park at "Washington. There r- '""Tknot a pebble, not a rut In it, and still it x--Sis been cut right out of the mountains. It Is twenty feet wide and more winding than the Mississippi river. At times as we go over it we shall be hanging to the sides of precipices, and we shall wind about In numerable horseshoe curves. Now the road may be seen both above and below us, and again we may trace Its wanderings for miles about the hills. How the Uoail Is Kept. As we go we shall see hundreds of peons working on the road. They are thought to have a fat Job. for they hav e emploj ment all the year round. They toil from sunrise to sunset and their wages are 39 cents a day. At Intervals along the road we pass square buildings, the homes of the officials in cnarge. r.acn huii was lo u.c.c., nhmn HfiiBf slim of office is a leather bag. much like a woman's shopping bag, in which he carries the money to pay off the ' The length of the military road Is eighty- one miles. I refer to the main trunk line. There are branches, over which we shall go, which make thirty or forty miles more, giving us a trip of more than 100 miles. Major Hall the civil engineer in charge of the public works of Porto Rico, says that the Spaniards had altogether eleven military roads, and that their original plans Included the whole Island. He esti mates that the cost of this road over which we are going was probably J2.OD0O00. It was, however, constructed after the ex tra'vagant methods of the Spaniards, and If made to-day it should not cost more than $10,000 a mile. Through the SnR.ir Plantation. We begin our ride at Fiaj-a. the port for Ponce, driving first to Ponce city, two miles away. We go past the ox carts and pack trains which are bringing goods to the coaststop a moment at the commis sary department for supplies and then make our way out through the sugar plan tations to tho foot of the mountains. Vast canellelds are to be everywhere seen on both sides The black earth is covered with a rich growth of pale green. . oiit of which rise largo buildings, the sugar factories, their smokestacks leaning, as It were, against the skj. The most of the coast is lined with sugar plantations, the most of which are of vast extent, and not the ground and fastening them to these bv ropes aoout tneir necKs. in sums places chickens are tied and in others jou see horses and cattle out in fields fastened to stakes. A Porto Rlcan1 Village. Now the government mules have been stopped in order that we may take a look at one of the small towns of our new isl and. "We are In the village of Juan-a-Diaz, or of "John of God." It consists of a plaza or public square with a big stuc coed church facing it, and of about twen ty houses or so built of stucco and wood, together with a lot of shacks made of palm leaves and boards, the homes of the poor. The little town with all outdoors to build in is made in solid blocks. Kach house has a door and a few have holes for windows, but no glass. We can look Into some of the rude homes as we go by, for the doors are open. There is but little furniture, some have ham- 33T-aK5sKiatetprs-rk--- .. down the north slope of the mountains See those lields of bananas which cover the sides of the hills. The plants are twen ty feet high They 'have leaves of soft green a foot wide and as till as a man Their blossoms are of a rich maroon, and those which hare opened are of a blood red What a lot of palm trees there are and how many varieties We saw cocoanuts down on the coaU Up here in the mount ains the most conspicuous trees are the roaI realms They spot the landscape, standing out like tall spires against the hills. Now and then we see a breadfruit tree, whose fan-like leaves flop about in tile breeze. Now we pass a coffee planta tion, and after leaving the tov n of( Cajey we ride for miles through mountains cov ered with tobacco. This section is one of the best tobacco raising regions of Porto Rico Tho hills are covered with dark green plants, and long tobacco sheds In which the leaves are dried and cured run up and down the mountain sides. The Soil Is Rich. As we ride over the island we get a good idea of its soil It is wonderfully fertile, but so rugged and ragged that jou would not think it could be cultivated. If it were arid it would be as rough as the Rockv mountains. It is only the climate and the moisture which keep it green and fertile The air is full of water and the conditions are such that all seeds will grow Ii jou can get a covering for them If jou build a brick wall here and do not paint It. within three ears a moss will have formed upon It, in which jou can grow lettuce In our journey we notice the different clashes of land In Porto Rico I have al readj referred to the sugar plantations of the coast. Further up jou eome to the plantations of coffee, tobacco and ban anas, and at the erj' top the pastures There are also pastures lower down, and in places the tobacco and the coffee grow clear to the mountain summits It is wonderful indeed how rough some of the cultivated land is The mountains run down into allejs of a wedge shape. Much land is eultivuted which would be left untouched In the ITnited States. This is so on the hills, which are so steep that jou would hardly think the crops would hang to them, so steep that in the United States the rain would wash all awaj Her... hovvevtr. the moisture gives the soil a thick vegetation of earth binders, and it does not wash as with us. I believe that the whole island is susceptible of cultiva tion, and that It will at ome time be a great garden patch Iargelj' devoted to fruits and vegetables for our. city markets. Interior CMIcs. Coming back now to our trip over the mountains, let us look at the towns at which we stop over night. We are going slowly, and are taking four dajs for the journej-. We spend two nights at Cajej-. It is a fair sample of an interior Porto HIcan citj-. It has about 4,000 inhabitants, and covers about as much ground as one of our towns of BOO. It has a church and a plaza and a bar racks for soldiers. Its houses are nearlv all one storj- cottages, built close to tho street in blocks of two or three Thej' are all small, and some of the best could be made for S2G0 apiece in the United States Manj- of them would not cost $100. Nearly all are of wood, and not a few have iron roofs. None are plastered, and none have windows or chimnejs The cooking is done upon cnircoai: mere is no neea or nres tor heat. Tew of the houses have gardens about or behind them, and none have gar dens in front. A Porto Rlcnn Hotel. Tho hotel of Caj ey is in the center of the town. It is a one story building, contain ing a parlor and sitting room at the front and a dining room at the back, with bed rooms opening out into them. The kitch ens are in the rear. We sleep at night on Iron bedsteads. Our spring mattress is made bj- stretching a sheet of canvass over the framework. Our pillows are small and tough and our cov ering is usuallj- an armj- blanket. The greatest discomfort comes from the flees. These attack jou as soon as jou He down and feed upon jou until jou risei We And this so in the hotel at Caguas fur ther on, and, in fact. In all the country hotels Outside this, the living is not bad. We have coffee, oranges and eggs for break fast, and soups, roasts, stews and desserts for luncheons and dinners. Our dessert is usuallj- a combination of orange peel or cocoanut sweetened with sugar into a form of preserves, and we end each meal with a ripe banana, a cup of coffee and a bit of Porto Rlcan cheese. The food is quite as good as j ou. get in a $2 a daj house in the United States, and tho prices charged are much less. FRANK G. CARPENTER. HOE FROM MANILA THE "WAR AS VIEWED I1Y ONE OF THE HOSPITAL CORPS. Care That Is Glicn the SIcU and Wounded Praise That the Cour age and 7,enl of Kansas Troops Hac Won. Solon C. Whlnerj-, of Kansas Citj', Kas , who was a member of the hospital corps of the United States armj-, has just re turned to his home from the Philippines. Mr. Whlnerj was a student at an Eastern medical college, and his object in going to the Philippines was not onlv to do his duty as a citizen but also to gain experience In the treatment of sick and wounded on the battlefield He saw much active service around the walls of Manila and in neigh boring countrj- where the war against the insurgents has been waging. He met there many men of the bravo Twentieth and had the good fortunu to be present to minister to them when thej- were ill or had re ceived a wound from the Philippine bul lets. Mr. Whinery went to the Philippines in a separate command under Major W. O. c. SJLON WHINERY. ROOFS OF SAN JUAN. mocks and in one or two we see beds. Manj- contain cots made in the fashion of sawbucks with canvas stretched ov er them, so that thej- can be folded up and set aside in the dajtlme. The people come to the doors and look at us. They all dress in cottons, the poorer women wearing little more than cotton skirts and Jackets. Not a few are bare headed and all are barefooted. Some hae naked babies in their arms, and naked children run about the streets. Thej- are bricht-eved little things of ail colors, from jet black to Jersey cream. Manj- of them look lean, except at the waist, wnere tueir stomachs protrude to an enormous extent. This comes from their diet of vegetables and fruits, especially bananas. Wl'Ts 'liter- v ' iVinHBSK-!'flJV OUR MOTIVE POWER IS FOUR GOV ERNMENT MULES. a few of which are making fortunes for their owners. We go over mountain streams In which scores of washerwomen, barefOQted and barelegged, are sitting In the water and pounding the dirt out of the clothes. Oth ers hao spread the washed garments out on the grass and are sprinkling them from the streams In order to bleach them. In the Hills. Now we are on the edge of the hills. How dry thej- look in the distance. Many of them seem rough and bare. They make us think of the Alleghenles In August for nr (Ms noint wa m!s the rich tronlcal lux uriance we expected to find in Porto Rico. It will be different further on. Notice how- the clouds rest on the tops of the mountains. Manj of the peaks are hidden and fleecj- white masses nestle here and there on the higher slopes. This is so throughout Porto Rico There Is plenty of sun, but the hot raj-s are often tem pered by clouds. The air is moist, but there Is always a breeze, and even at mid-daj- In the mountains the heat Is not verj-umilpnsant- Many of the hills are covered with grass Pi" There is one upon which fat cattle are ,acl- feetlng, and hero is another wnicn looks Oranges ut 4 Cents a Dozen. As we wait a man goes by with a load of oranges. He is leading a mule, which has two baskets slung over its back. Each holds about three bushels, and he is ped dling the fruit from house to house. We stop him and ask the price. He tells us the fruit is exceptionallj line and that he cannot possibly sell them for less than 4 cents a dozen We take a hundred and store them into one of the boxes of the batterj- wagon, to eat on the way. They are full of juice and dcliciouslj- sweet, Their skin, however, is thicker than that of our oranges at home, and we shall eat them a la Porto Rico, and this is bj- paring off the outer or jellow cover of tho skin and leaving onlj- the white. Now- we slice oil the top, and clapping the orange to our mouths, suck out the Juice. I tell jou it is a dish for a king. On the Roof of Porta Rico. Leaving Juan-a-DIaz we go on our wind ing way up the mountains. We climb high er and higher, hanging to the sides of the hills, until at last wo reach Albonlto, the pass over the range which divides the isl and. We are now a half mile above whero v,e started and are on the roof of Porto Rico. We arc in one of the most beautiful parts of Uncle Sam's new Switzerland, in one of the most picturesque regions of the world. As far as we can see on all sides rise green hills, spotted hero and there by th dark shadows of the clouds. Billowy mountains roll one over the other on all sldis until they lose themselves In the skj-. Below us we can see the miiltarj- road. .Inst nbnvo are the SDanlsh earthworks which commanded tho road when wo in aded the island, and we can climb up and stand on the verj- spots wnere ineir cannon thundered a warning to the troops. Further on our journej- we go down a branch of the Military road to visit Guv- amo Heights, where our troops were at tacked when thej- made their wav up from the coast. Here j-ou can see the Military road for miles winding Its wa- like a white snake up tho hills It was perfectly com manded bj- the fortifications. Indeed, some of the best of our officers think that had the Spaniards tried to hold Porto Rico the countrj- is such that we could not have conquered them. The Beauties of tlie Tropics. I hae spoken of Porto Rico as Switzer land. It Is like Switzerland without the ice and snow, and still it has beauties which Switzerland has not. The trees are those of the semi-tropics. Long lines of green hang down from their branches. OrchHs as big as a peck measure wrap themselves around tneir umos ana not a iew oi tnem have a -veil of Spanish moss. Others are great masses cf bright red, jellow or pur ple flowers. I saw one tree twenty feet high covered with great balls of white wool. It was a cotton tree and the cotton bursting from the balls was Just like the raiitnn nroduced In our Southern states. On the Atlantic side of the island I reached a region of ferns, in which there were fern trees from twenty to thirty feet high. I had mj-self photographed standing beside these trees and at the same time rathered some maiden-hair ferns, which had branches as fine as the most delicate W. W. STONE DEAD. ne Was Known Throughout the United States as the "llllnd Address" Reader. From the New York W orlii. W. W. Stone, known throughout the United States as the "blind address" read er of tho city postofflce, died at his home. 502 Jefferson avenue, Brooklyn, from heart failure. His success in suppljing deficien cies in addresses was wonderful. His mem ory was remarkable. Given tho name of a small countrj- post offlce in .the United States, he could name the state In which it was located, or how many of a similar name there were in the United States. During his long ser vlce In the city post offlce he became an expert in deciphering handwriting which to others would have been illegible. Owing to this proficiency he was promoted to be chief clerk in the of fice of director!' searches " He was originallj- appointed to a clerkship In the postoilice on June 13, lSTiu. and serv ed continuouslj- up to the time of his death. Mr. Stone first began the study of de ciphering bad addresses while a general clerk. He carofullv compiled a manuscript book of the nami s of all the; streets In the United States lie was several jears in completing this volume. The numbers of the houses on the streets were indicated. The book was recognized by the general postofflce department in ISM) and copies sent to all postmasters. This is an instance of how his s j stem worked: A letter was re ceived from Roumania addressed "Miss Maria Bellew, 10 Alphonso street, America " Bj- referring to his handbook Mr. Stone found that In the United State there were two Alphonso streets, one In Char lottesville, Va., the other In Providence, R. I. He found, however, that the streets in Charlottesville, Va., were not numbered, but there was a No. 10 in Providence. The letter was sent there, and it proved to bo the right address Some of the addresses submitted to him were worse than the navj- department's cipher code. It is asserted by his fellow emploj es that out of 100 letters supposed to bear illegible addresses Mr. Stone could cor rectly readdress nlnctj-fHe There is only one other clerk in the office who can carrj- on the work. O G. Manger, who will doubtless succeed Mr. Stone as chief clerk He has been in the depart ment for fifteen -vears and has been a cloe student of Mr. Stone's sjstem. Mr. Stone was 6G years old. Owen, an old regular army surgeon. He had enlisted In July, ISIS, and had been sent almost immediately afterwards to the front. "When I arrived at Manila," Mr. Whinery said, "there were two hospitals, called the first and second rc-erve, an J they were well filled with sick and wounded of of tho Spanish war. This service, so far as it went, was complete and thorough. But with the breaking out of the insurgent war it became necessirj- to increase the capacltj-. For tnis purpose uressmg sta tions were established in the rear of the line; to these men were taken for first day treatment, relief from pain or prellmlnarj examinatlon of wounds. Then the patient was removed in ambulance to the railroad or was taken all the waj- into Manila for further treatment. This plan was followed with great succiss. all the disabled were well and thorouchlv cared for. The at tention was the erj- best; the surgeons were in everj" respect thoroughly compe tent, many Having seen mucn service, anu thej- were assisted bj an excellent hos pital corps. Th hospital assistants were in the first plaee almost it not entirely men and some had been for j ears in the service and were conversant with the best aids for the injured. They knew what to do and how to do it. The women nurses came later on. ilen were preferred, I think, by the surgeons; not bc.aue thej- were more competent, but because they were stronger and could better handle the injured." 8.000,000 people on the islands who are in sjmpathy with the movement. The in habitants of Manila take no part in the war and are as a general thing faorable to the Americans. If the policy of the United States was onlj understood bj-tho- Filipinos the insurgent leaders would be compelled to look elsewhere for dupes. And the leaders themselves would not be so bold if it were not for tho sjmpathj ex tended to them either dlrectlj- or indirectlj bj traitors In this countrj. Manj of the Insurgents are from the interior. They have little or no idea for what thej- are lighting and some believe that their en emies are still the Spaniards. Their lead ers are careful not to disabuse their minds of that fiction. The storj of the begin ning of the war has been told, but there is one thlnir that mitrht be nililpd nnrt that is that we were not so unprepared for their attack as has been reported. Their officers were often around our camps and barracks; thej- saw- our drills and studied our positions and our forces while at the same time they were preparing for rebel lion But. on the other hand, we were kept prettj well posted regarding their movements through spies. The da before thej had arranged to make their attack upon Manila our generals ncc informed of the fact bj a joung man who had joined their forces and had been raised to the rank of a lieutenant In their army. That night when thej came to post their sen tinels thev- wanted tn crt :i linn within our line, but thej found an opposition that thej had not looked for. Feeling that their plans had been discovered they made no lurther concealment nnd vw snnn hp.ard their old cannons booming out along the lino and then came their attack. They found us prepared " While the country possesses manj- ad. vantages and Is capable of great develop ment jet it is not, Mr. Whinery thinks, a poor man's countrj. "The principal rea son that it is not." saj s Mr. Whlnerj-, "is the readiness with which coolie labor can be obtained Chineso can be hired there to work all day in the hot sun for 23 cents. An American laborer could not compete with these fellows. The professional men that are now- there are doing well. There are a. number of phjslcians, who seem to have plentj- of pajlng patients, some law yers and quite a number of dentists. The latter espeeiallj are making money; thej' are charging enough, too, for their work: it costs from $10 to SIS to have jour teetli cleaned, and little fillings of white metal cost $21 The saloons are doing a good business; many of them are selling Amer ican drinks, but not, however, at Ameri can prices. A pint bottle of beer, for ex ample, costs 40 cents." Whn Mr. Whinery left Manda he sailed to Nagasaki. Japan, the coaling station, and from there in company with four oth er young men made an excursion into the interior of the countrj-. They found the railroads thoroughly equipped with all the modern appliances of travel, and trains are run at a high rate of speed. "The en gines were of American manufacture, but the coaches were from English shops." said Mr. Whlnerj-: "the emploj es were al most all Japanese and thej" appeared to unuerstanu tneir Dusiness. Tne country was in a thorough state o cultivation, even up to the verj- tops of the mountains. The people were neat and tldj- and their homes and towns were all remarkablj clean. We were among the erv first peo ple to enter the interior after the ratiiica tlon'of the latest treatj- with Japan per mitting Americans to stop at towns that before were closed to them. Everj-vvhere we were treated with the greatest respect and kindness, although at some of the in terior towns we were somewhat incon venienced bj- the crowd that followed us around anfl watched us with the greatest curiositj-. There is a verj- friendij feeling in Japan towards Americans." NEITHER MOVED AN INCH Business Directory SECRETARY LESUEUR'S EXPERI ENCE "WITH A COLORADO ItC VII. Party of Hunters and Fishermen to Leave To-day for 3Ioiitnna-FIsu- lng In the OznrLs Osage Hunting and Fishing. Classified Ready Reference Guide KANSAS CITY MERCHANTS. AMUUMTIO, GLS A.ND UE1 OLVE11S. J. F. Schmelzer &. Sons Arms Company, 710-12-14 Main. ATHLETIC, UICVCLE AD SPORTIXG GOODS. FATHER OF PENMANSHIP. Hard to Please. Prom the Chicago Record. "I "have never asked Edmund if he loved anv- other girl before he loved me." "Why not?" "I knew that it ho had or had not I wouldn't like It," Capacious as "Well as Lovely. from the Cleveltnd Plain Dealer. Wm y ? --HSsS-2fcr"ejn I J5St S2SB Palm Trees and Rannnns. for all the world like any field ot the Let us notice the vegetation as we travel I fill it." "Dat girl o' your'n suttcnly has a mos' lovely mouth." . . . . "Dat's what I thought uu i tnea to High Opinion of Kansas Troops. Mr. Whlnerj- was verj- enthusiastic over the high regard in which the Kansas troops were held by the other volunteers and the regulars. The gujlng to which they were subjected at first on account of improper military outfitting gave place to admiration when it came their time to fight. "There is no one in the Eighth army corps but has a good word for the bojs," said Mr. Whinery. "Evervbody knew that when it came to fighting thej' were always right there ready and willing to go on to the front. I remember of hearing one fel low say, 'well, I used to think that out in Kansas the only thing that men did was to live in dugouts and grow whiskers. I have chanced mi' mind now all around: men that can fight as thej- can, come from no ordinary stock, and hell, how thej- can fight when it becomes necessarj! Kansas is great. "At San Fernando one evening word was brought to General Hale that the Fil ipinos, who had gathered In great num bers in front of our line and were being reviewed by Aguinaldo, would without doubt make an early assault with their combined forces. 'That is all right,' said the general, 'Kansas is opposite to them, and thej- will be stopped before they have gotten along verj' far in their advance." Tho confidence of General Hale in the Kansas was not misplaced, for, sure enough, the next morning the Filipinos did advance and thev were stopped, driven in to a swamp, and got out of the reach of our bojs only after thej- had been ery badlv cut UD The troons there have the habit of referring to Dcwev as the'king of tho sea,' and to Funston as 'the hero of the land.' The admiration of his soldiers for Tunston is something marvelous; thej have unlimited confidence In him and will follow him wherever ho may lead them. They feel that he is a competent officer, and know- that he would order them to go only where he himself would be willing to go with them. "The day before I left I spoke to all tho members of the Twentieth with whom I was acquainted. They were all back In Manila after five months' hard service on tho firing line, their place having been taken by regulars. They were engaged on police duty in the walled city of old Manila Some of the sick or wounded were still In the hospital, but manv of those who were earlier disabled were re porting for dutj-. "All that I saw were looking well, some what thin from their hard work, but in ex cellent health. They are anxious to get home, now that their active military dutj is over, and they will welcome the ship that will bring them back to America. They have done good service I saw them on the field several times and was with them in several of their encatroments Some I had seen in the hospital and some I had assisted on the battlefield Harvev Harris was wounded before Caloocan and was brought Into the hospital. He had quite an ugly hole In the leg, that an in surgent bullet had made He was laid up for six weeks, but was reporting for dutj when I left. Corporal Willing, a Mis sourlan who was one of Company B, was another man that came under my care in the hospital; he had been shot in the leg and the arm: he was not entirely recovered when I left Manila." Mr. Whlnerj- s ud that the brave act of White and Tremblj- In swimming the river in sight of the enemy's lines was much praised in army circles "Another incident similar to that is told by the boys of the Twentieth. Thev swam across a river and one who was in advance, upon landing, picked up a hand ful of gravel from the bank and threw It Into the Filipinos' fort." said Mr. Whinery: "they didn't know but that It was some new and dangerous explosive, and, think ing that tho whole American army was upon them took to their heels, much to th amusement of the other soldiers who had come un Peter Nueent. well known in Kansas Citj-, Kas , and a corporal of Com pany B, was with hfs regiment all the time on the firing line and escaped without an Injury or a daj- of sickness t'ercv uarsn field. who began as a trumpeter, is now a second lieutenant. Jake Whisner Is gener ally liked bj' the bojs as a first lieuten ant!" Condition of the Filipinos. Mr. Whinery thinks that it Is only a matter of a short time until the Insur gents will be defeated. They are not gain ing recruits and thej- would lose many of tho soldiers that are now in their ranks If the conditions were only properly under stood. The people are Ignorant and super stitious; they hao been so often deceived by the Spaniards that they distrust, all other promises tltat are made to them. Of this the shrewd leaders, who are carrying on the war that they may derive political benefit, are making the. most. "There are not more thin 100,000 of the Plan to Erect n Mcmorlnl at Geneva, O., to Piatt It. Spencer. Geneva Letter to the Philadelphia Record. There Is a project on foot to erect a memorial librarj' to the memorj- of the world's greatest penman, Piatt R. Spencer. Tho new building will be of stone, and is to cost $20,000. Besides an extensive librarj- it is to shelter the historical collec tions of Ashtabula countj-. In this town of some 3.000 inhabitants Spencer lived in the earlj dajs of the Western reserve, and in the little log school house, which was also his residence, he lim taught writing This little log house is fresh in the memories of hundreds of the most successful men and women of the United States, who in earlj dajs came from all sections of the countrj- to attend this school, which was commonly known as "Jerico," or the "Log Seminarj-." Spencer's life was idled with hardships, and all that he attained was gained b hard studj-, hard work, and strength of purpose. Ho could, therefore, as a teacher appreciate the hardships of his pupils In their struggles for an education. It was as much Spencer's attitude toward his pupils as his capabilities that made him famous as an instructor. Although Spencer was a teacher of manj- branches, his specialtj-, as is well known, was penmanship. The beautiful characters of the Spencerian sj s tem of writing are taught to-daj- most ex-tensivelj- in everj' state in the Union. When these characters first took form it was not upon carefullj- prepared paper, but in the sands by the waler's edge, on the bark of trees and upon the framework forming the cabin of a lake steamer. Long JErFERSON CITY, MO., Sept, 1. (Spe cial.) Secretary of State A. A. Lesueur, accompanied by Mrs. Lesueur and daugh ter. Miss Octavia, has returned from a trip through the mountains of Colorado. Captain Lesueur brings back with him a bear story along with other memories of the trip more pleasant to recall. It hap pened about ten dajs ago, and was in tne mountains north of Newcastle on the Denver & Rio Grande railroad. The Lesueur party left Newcastle to drive to White river, sixtj-live miles awaj-, for a few daj-s' trout fishing. About half the distance over the divide, the captain, grow ing tired of the slow drive up the steep mountain grade, got out of the wagon and went on ahead on foot. He is a good v.alker, and soon left the slow moving team far behind. He was enjojing the exercise in the bracing mountain air thor oughly when his attention was attracted by a commotion in the tall grass and shrubs on the roadside just ahead of him. Instinctivelj he stopped and a moment later there waddled out into the road ten paces from him a big cinnamon bear. The captain was unarmed, but having some knowledge of the running talents of a bear, stood Still in his tracks. Tho bear did likewise. He made no move towards the Missouri statesman, neither did he show anj- inclination to go on about his busi ness. Fifteen minutes passed with both man and bear standing ejeing each other. What the bear thought can onlj- be sur mised, but what the man thought can be told In a few words. The embarrassment of the situation was relieved bj- the ap proach of the wagon. A shot from the re olver of the driver started the bear uu the mountain side, and the Missouri sec- retarj' of state walked ahead of the wagon no more on mat trip. A distinguished party of Missourians leave Kansas City over the Burlington on Sundaj- morning for a month's hunting and hshing in the Jackson lake countrj in Montana. The party will be made up of Judge Gavon D. Burgess, of the su preme court: State Auditor James M. Sel bert. Major T. W. Park, chief clerk in the department of state; W. H. Bassett, chief clerk in the office of the state auditor, and John R. Green, clerk of the supreme court. It is likely that they will be joined while in camp bj- a prominent at. Louis lawyer. The equipment of this partj- includes everything that is modern and will lend convenience and comfort to camp life, and the commissariat, under the supervision of Colonel Seibert and Major Green, is all that tne heart of the sportsman and the epicure could desire. The partj- will leave the railroad at Cinnabar and will drive through the Yellowstone National park and bej-ond for a distance of seventj--nve miles. Thej' are seeking big game and ex pect to nut in several weeks looking only after ell:, bear and mountain lion. For a number of jears this party has taken an annual outing in the White river country in Colorado, but the reports of the abund ance of larger game in Montana caused them to go there this jear. J. F. Schmelzer &. Sons Arms Company, 710-12-H Main. ARCHITECT;.. A. J. Kelly &. Co., room C, Junction bldg , Main and Delaware streets. ARTIFICIAL I.IMl'.s. FREE 1M page catalogue on limbs, braces, trusses, crutches, supporters, etc. B. F. ROUNDS. 10 AW 9th St., K. C, Mo. IHMC t "MERCAVriLE STATIONERY. Union Bank Note Companj', COO Delaware. BOOKS 'NEW AND SECOND-H VM. B. Gllck. leading bookstore, 710 Main CAACER AM) PILES CURED. NO knife used. No pay until cured. Con sultation free. DR. E. O. SMITH. Tenth and Main. CARJUIGES AVAGO.NS, IIAIt.NESS AND ROUES. Studebaker Bros. Manufacturing Companj-, S10 Walnut. 'Phone IIS. COM'ECTIONERY AM) ICE CRE4M. James Morton's Sons, 1024 Main. DRY GOODS WHOLESALE. Smlth-McCord Drj- Goods Companj-. Sev enth and Wjandotte. 'Phone H23. ELECTRICAL CONSTRUCTION. The B.-R. Electric Company, 613 Delaware. FURMTIRE AND HUniAL "WHOLES LE. CASES Abernathj- Furniture Company, 1j01 to 153 West Ninth. 'Phone IS. GI:VS, RirLES AND REVOLVERS. J. F. Schmelzer & Sons Arms Companj', 710-12-14 Main. HOME DETECTIVE AGENCY. 423. 423. 44 N. Y. Life bldg , tel. I4S4: uni formed patrolmen furnished dav or night. JEWELERS MANUFACTURERS AND "WHOLESALERS. Edwards & Sloane Jewelry Companj', 614 Keith & Perry building. 'Phone 1207. LUMBER. SCHOOL HOUSE AND RESIDENCE OF PLATT R. SPENCER. The fishing season in the Ozark country south of Jefferson City is just beginning and the devotees of the rod are preparing for a season of unusual sport. All ac counts from the Maries, the Gasconade, the Osage, the NIangua, the Gravois and the hundreds of smaller streams that come down from the Ozarks to pour their clear, ice cold waters into the muddy Missouri are to the effect that never were the black bass, jack salmon and crappie so numer ous and so gamej' as they are at this time. The few parties that have been out report excellent luck. There Is no better or gamer fish in the world than the black bass grown In the waters of the Ozark streams. The rugged beauty of the Ozark cour ry is another reason whj- this Is the most attractive fishing ground in the world. The scenery along the Gasconade and the Osage cannot be surpassed any where for bcautj-, and the nooks under the high bluffs along the streams afford ideal camping places. If reDorts that come to Jefferson Cttv be correct there will be an abundance of small game in the country south of here this fall. Squirrels are said to be more plentiful than for many years, and tur-kej-, wild duck and quail are also abund ant. Deer are almost extinct on the north ern slopes of the Ozarks, owing to the in dustry and persistence of the pot hunter. Occasionally one is to be met with, but it is a very rare occurrence, and the deer hunter now seeks his game in the south ern counties or else goes out or tne state. In a few days now hunting parties from north of the Missouri river will begin to pass through Jefferson Citj'. They will come from Boone, Audrain, Callaway, Montgomery and other of the counties where the game and fish have long been exterminated. These Incursions are an nual and some of the parties have been making the trip for jear after j'ear. Some of them go clear on dow n to the Arkansas line and into the mountainous country in the northern part of that state, taking six or seven weeks for the trip. John M. Byrne Lumber Co., Wj-oming sts. 17th and Pacific Coast Lumber and Supply Com panj', Troost avenue and Nineteenth street. OPTICIANS RETAIL. Julius Br.er, 1030 Main street. PAINT "WHOLESALE AXD RETAIL. John A. McDonald Paint and Glass Co., 52$ and 530 Delaware street. RUDDER STA3IPS, SEALS & STENCILSj Scotford Stamp and Stationery Cora, pany, 723 Wj-andotte st. Catalogue free. TRUNKS, TRAVELING BAGS. E. J. Gump, up-to-date goods: lowest prices. S2I Main st,; Junction. Tel. 1273. TYPE FOUNDERS. American Tj-pe Founders Company, Delaware street. HI Great Western Tjpe Foundry, Wall street. 710-12 "WALL PAPERS WHOLESALE RETAIL. AND F. M. DeBord Wall Paper and Paint Companj-, 1104-S Walnut street. 'Phone 1939. before he had attained the age of 8 years his gieat desire was to write or draw. Even at this early age his hardships in pursuing his chosen work are noticeable, for up to that time he had never seen a. piece of writing paper. He had heard of writing paper and its uses, however, and it was his great desire to secure, if pos sible, a single sheet. He then lived at East Fishkill. New York state, his native town. This point was a Mecca for lumbermen in thoso dajs, who often traversed a distance of twentj- miles to the nearest town of any size. To one of these lumbermen the ambitious boj- intrusted what was probably his first pennj-, instructing him to buv him a sheet of paper before his return. It was nearlv midnight when the lumberman arrived back at rishklll, but Piatt was waiting for him, and, with the precious sheet before him in his room, he began to write. Mahlon J. Woodruff, of New "iork citv, has erected a stone at the grave of Mr. Spencer in Geneva cemeterj-, and on thl3 stone are the following words: PLATT ROGERS SPENCER, 1S0O-1SGI Poet. Penman, Educator, Author of Spencerian Penmanship, Reformer. Benefactor, Erected bj His Grateful Pupil, MAHLON J. WOODRUFF, New York Citj-, Bj- Permission. Mr. Woodruff also first proposed the me morial librarj- in IS0-!, and ever since more and more have interested themselves in the project until now it seems likely that it will be a success in the not far distant future. Misled. From the Philadelphia North American. "I am frank to say," he said, "that 1 feel you encouraged my attentions." "Perhaps," she replied, ' but how was I to know whether jou wanted to man-vine or only to borrow money from father? ' Up in the Air. From the New York Journal. The monk "Well, what are jou going to do about it?" The Osage Hunting and Fishing Club, that for many years nourished In Jefferson Citj', passed awaj' a jear or two ago. Many of the men who made, the club fa mous the state over have passed away, or have remoed to Kansas City or places. This club had two outings annually, one In the spring and one in the fall, but the latter was alwaj-s the grand event of the year, and it was a privilege to be the guest of the club on one of these trips. Judge Jackson L. Smith, of the Kansas City court of appeals, was for jears a leading spirit In the direction of its affairs. Henrj W. Ewinff. Ralph D. Willis. Jako Schir mer, all three now dead, were also among Its organizers and promoters. He Disposed of the Book. From the Chicago News. "Now, here is a book'" exclaimed the seedy man, as he dashed In the banker's private office. "Don't want no books!" grunted the banker. "But this Is one you can't help being interested in." "Haven't time to read books, and" "But I am sure -vou will take this book," persisted the seedy man "Look here, sir, do jou intend to leave this room, or must I" "Don't need to call the janitar; I'll go. "Don't reed to call the janitor; I'll go. This is your book, though." "Mv hook?" "Yes, -vour pocketbook. I found it in the hall." Then he vanished. Dry Slereotjplng. From the Philadelphia Record. Tn a new- svstem of dry steretoyping. adapted to the smallest job or tho largest paper, the "flong," which is the subject of the patent, is supplied in sheets, a piece of which, cut to size, is laced on the form and run through the press once, thus form ing a matrix, which is lifted and taken at once to the casting box, no drjlng being required, thus saving a great deal of time, the cast being taken in two minutes or less from the time the sheet of "flong" is l.iii! nn the tv ne. No beating Is required. thus saving the tjpe from much wear and tear. A companj- has been formed to manufacture the Hong wnlch promises to meet wltn an immense aemana A RemnrLalile Specimen. frrm the Washington Star. "What Is there in that interview to get so excited over?" asked the coldblooded citizen "Whj-, don t jou see, it's one of the most remarkable productions of its kind ecn in months. The man who gave It out hasn't denied a word or it." Parental Enconragement. From the Chicago News. "I," said the university youth, "Intend to bo a stump speaker; or, in other words, a stump agitator." "All right, Jecmes," said his hornj hand ed parent, "jou'H find the grubbing hoe on tho porch. Just step out and agitate a few of those stumps in the back lot," Death of Heaviest Womnn. Coldwater, Mich., Special. Mrs. Frank Whitlock. who died at her home in Batavia township to-day. was reputed to be the heaviest woman in the countrj-. Her weight was 640 pounds. Her coffin is forty inches wide and twenty seven Inches deep. Mr. Whitlock was for merly a Chicago policeman. TRAVELING THROUGH TEXAS. And the Parching, Withering Thirst Endured by a. Man "Who Tried It. In tho New LIppincott for September, Albert BIgelow Paine thus describes his sufferings from thirst, while traveling alone through Southwest Texas, having lost the trail: My thirst had become torture, and sud denly remembering that I had once heard of Indians finding moisture In the heart of the niggerhe.id cactus. I strove to up root one bj- kicking it fiercely with tho heel of my heavy boot. The cactus grew everywhere In profusion, adhering to tho soil with great tenacltj". while Its long, horny spikes made it difficult to handle even when uprooted. Still I managed at last to get one loosened and cut open There was a pulp within that contained some semblance of moisture, but I could not see that it allajed mj- thirst. Per haps I was not accustomed to its use. My hands were torn by the thorns and my feet wounded in many places. I was suf fering and weary, and my thirst was be coming unbearable. It was getting late by this, time, and If I was to reach Pecos before dark I must push on In spite of pain and weariness. My clothes were becoming tattered and my hands were bleeding, but all other mis fortune was forgotten now In the fierce blight of thirst that had fixed Itself upon mo like a withering demon. When at last It began to grow dark I uprooted more of the niggerhead cactuses, and, tearing the hearts from them, chewed and sucked as one might chew and suck a sponge from which the last trace of moisture has been all but pressed. I ate a part of my last sandwich, and then, thoroughly exhausted and mad with thirst, I sank down upon the hot. sandy earth and stared up at the darkened sky. Looked Splendid. From Spare Moments. Entering a music shop the other day, a Welsh miner, who had lately come Into a considerable sum of money, asked the price of a grand piano. He was told it was 2M. He bought It, A fortnight after he re turned for a music book, and the shopman asked him If the instrument gave satisfac tion. "Man," he said, "but yon wouldn t know It now. It just looks splendid! My old ooman has painted ait yeller to match the chest of draw ers." Its Final Isc. From Allr Sloper. It Wmk vf BUI "Now, I call that hat of jours a real sensible one." Em "I'm glad jou like It." Bill "Yes; it'll come In mighty handy aj a bed when it gets outer date.