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BROWNSVILLE DAILY HERALD
Brownsville Herald Publishing Co. Mrs. Jessie O. Wheeler.Editor Martin J. Slattery.Manager Official Organ of Cameron County Consolidated in 1893 with the Daily Cosmopolitan, which was pub lished in Brownsville for 16 years. kf <* Terms of Subscription Daily —Published every morning except Sunday, by mail postpaid to any point in the United States, Mex ico or Cuba or delivered by carrier to any part of the city, West Brownsville, Texas, or Matamoros, Mexico, one year $6.00; six months $3.00; one month 50 cents. Entered at the Postoffice at Browns ville Texas, as Second Class Mail Matter. FRIDAY, JULY 19. 1912. The Herald *s authorized to an nounce C. G. HALLMARK as a can didate for the office of County School Superintendent, subject to the ar tion of the Democratic primaries, July 27, 1912. SOUTH TEXAS GARDENERS The resolutions of the South Texas Gardener’s Association, printed in yesterday’s Herald will bear careful reading. They display a profound knowledge of the things eovered by them, and -they are formulated wi h Signal ability, it is good to know that i*the producers of the Valley are re presented by such men. They work with their brains as well as their hands; and hand work and lira in work are both good. They are men who know Kiheir own minds, and they have a clear knowledge of the condi tions that hinder their work us well as the conditions that help. It will lie impossible to discuss all the points in those resolutions in one editorial. But tin- keynote of it all is the recognition of the need of the development of farming in the valley along scientific lines. Along with this is the appreciation of the fact that mere scieiv iftc generaliza tions are nothing. What they want 4s applied science. Therefore they call for "tests and demonstrations on the farm, under actual farm condi tions in 'hi* different localities, by the farmers,” under definite instruc tion. It is not surprising that men so thoroughly practical and .-•<> thor oughly in earnest have been enabled to do eo much for the farming inter ests of the community. Work will 'tell, brains will toll, and work and brains directed by scientific knowl edge of Miniate, soils, drainage, and all other varied elements in the ag ricultural environment of the valley 'Will toll: and every interest in the valley is isure to prosper as the far mers «.nd gardners prosper. Health and wValtli to the South Texas Gard ners. Also to the Pane Growers, and to the Rio Grande Horticultural so ciety. The occasion that brought them ail together in Brown ville was a fortunate one. All aboard the Wilson and Mar band. H deni", h.t ^^Hhout Harmon, all All true and consistent democrat roust support the Wilson and Mar shall ticket. In the meanwhile the friends of Judge Ramsey should pu li his candi dacy in Cameron county Another thing to be thankful for -we oseaped the "houn itawg" as the ■ratlc elect ion era Idem. men are going to resort Ho settle the presiden qucwGlon. The solution is —if it work lire w ill lie an> < :v > paving block -, !*y through sweat-', n "t come, ill not do have a ' The toy “houn dawgs'' are on the bargain counter in Washington. The federate are apparently treat ing the rebels to the loot of ihe Mor mon (settlements in JSonora. It is hoped that the name? of the electors will appear on the primary ballot. It will ire a pleasure to vote for the Wilson electors twice, once in the primary, and once a> the fall election. Taft s new private seenrarv is now hard at work preparing a document to show- that his ' nomination was honestly come by. It does not seem quite fair to start in a now man on a job like uhat. l>on’t forget that the catalogue house pays no taxes in your town or county. It te nhe home merchant who pays the taxes. It is not probable that the deno (rati- will be able to get i he wool bill through the Senate. Yet they make the senate go on record before th^ people. The .record should he w r something in this crisis of the coun try’s affairs. The Colonel will not make any tour of the middle west juat now. His presence is needed in or near New York. Also perhaps there is no im mediate demand for the Colonel's brand of campaign etaoinsh in the west at this time. Orozco is unable to say at present: when he will leave Juarez. The folks around there will just have to con trol their eagerness to speed the parting guest. Will the law against gambling in cotton firm res stop gambling in cot ton futures? However it will be bet ter to wait until it gets through the senate and runs (the presidential gauntlet before we go to worrying aliout its effectiveness. It te going to take a good deal of valuable time on the part of the Taft managers to untangle the muddle of the electoral vote, in it hose states that instructed for Roosevelt in the pri unaries. The electors named in the state conventions are Roosevelt men, and there is no way to compel an elector to vote for or against any gi ven candidate. THE GARDENERS WILL COOPER-j ATE. Among the various excellent and ! appropriate resolutions adopted by jtlu* South Texas Gardeners, at their annual meeting this week was one ! in particularly which is of more than ' ordinary interest to Brownsville cit- [ izens. This embodied the expression of the Gardeners’ appreciation of the annual Midwinter Fair given by the citizens of Browm.ville, anc of a de termination on the part of the asso ciation to cooperate with our citi zens in promoting the fur her suc ce, s of the enterprise. Tit is is encouraging. Our citizens have exerted themselves energetical ly each year in behalf of the Midwin ter Fair, and their efforts have suc ceeded in making t'he fair one of the most important events of the winter, in the Valley. They look forward to a continuance of the good work, be lieving that the Fair -hould be made a great factor in lie development of t'he farm and garden interests of the entire Gulf Coast country and also one of *he best advertising mediums which this section’s varied resources could have. To know thar our farmer friends all over this section are ;r forested in the fair and not only ap preciate our efforts, but will assist us In continuing this enterprise is cheering. With he cooperation of | the South Texas Gardeners, the Brownsville Midwinter Fair Associa- ( t ion may look forward to greater and more valuable results than ever be fore. Let us nor forgot, however, that it ^ is alreany time for us to be making ^ preliminary arrangements for ’he fair. The announcement should be out soon and premium list? made up t ind distributed as early as possible. v» * r The oil from a large well recently j irilled in Ixuiisana is remarkable , j 1 rom the fact that it contains no as 'halt, gasoline tior paraffin wax. ^ By a new process lantern aado by printing photographs on ^ bin, transparent gelatine, which , hen is fastened between two glass Jates. LONDON BLUE BOOK CONFIRMS THE VERY WORST. Details of Shock'ng Cru’ltie* Prac ticed on Natives in Peru Rubber District in Report by Sir Roger Casement. London.—The Blue Book, contain ing the results of the investigation of atrocciou'.- cruelties in the Put u mayo rubber district of Peru by Sir Roger Casement, British consul gen era! at Rio Janeiro, was officially published today. The substance of Sir Roger''; investigations have al ready been printed in America, and « he Blue Book brings out little that is really new. The Putumayo river is about 1000 miles long, and it was not the main stream of this little known river, but the two northerly affluents, which were the theater of the atrocities de scribed in the Blue .Book, to which many men from Barbados, British subjects, bore wit ness. The Blue Book contains a prelim inary report, presented in January, in which Sir Roger said that the na tives almost everywhere bore witness of being flogged, in many cases bru tally. The marks of the la h were no' con lined to men or adults. Wo men, and even little children, were more than once found with their limbs scarred with welts left by the thong of twisted ttapir hide, which was the chief instrument used for co ercing and terrorizing the native jropulation of the region traversed. The crimes charged against many of the men in the employ of the Por uvian-Amazon company yore of a most atrocious kind including mur der, as-aults on women and constant flogging. The conditions revealed fully warranted the worst charges brought: against the agents of the Pe uvian-Aifiazon company were of a methods of administration along the Putumayo. A subsequent report contains the names of some of the worst offenders in ft toe Putumayo di-trict and the spe cific charges of atrocious nature made against these men. One of these, a Colombian, after being kept, a chained a prisoner for a year, was released on condition that he joined the others and undertook the work of flogging the Indians. He did sx>, and improved on his masters in perpetrating acts of cruelty. He is alleged to have killed scores and to have cut off tars and done things that even some of the worst Peruvi ans said they could not tolerate. In a later and more detailed re pont Sir Roger give< Innumerable in stances of cruelty of the most bar barous kind. In many cases, be states, the evidence 1- of such a con clusive character as to leave little room for doubt. Describing some of 'the forms of punishment, he cites the ease of a man who was engaged in Barbados and taken to Cliorrera. This man was twice tied up and flogged in the fol lowing manner: His wrist3 were fastened behind his back, and he was then tied so a cross pole, the whole weight of the body hanging from the arms thus lashed together behind. In this posture he received fifty lashe- applied with a twisted thong of tapir hide. This man was examined on No vember 2, 1910, at Chorrera, and al though the date of the flogging was considerably more than live years earlier, he bore the makers of it in several places, notably in a broad scar extending across i:he ribs. Another form of punishment was described a- follows: The accused man was bung up by the neck and beaten with machetes and was then onfinod by the legs in heavy wooden stocks, called locally “cepo.” Each station was furnished with >ne of these places of detention. Im prisoned in the stocks by the ankles, vhieh are often stretched two or hree feet apart, the victim lying up >n ti- back, or possibly turned face lownward, remains sometimes for lours, sometimes for days, often for veekv, and somctlmos for months in his painful confinement. It is explained that ’ he ankle holes ire so small that even for an ordiu iry-sized Indian the wooden stocks, vhen closed, would bite into the lesh. For the ordinary-sized Euro lea n or negro the top beam could tot be closed upon the leg without •elng forced down upon the ankle or hinbone. and in one ca-^e noted two non had to sit on The top of the icain to force It down on the victim’s I'gS. “In many cases an Indian rubber rorker," says Sir Roger “who knew oughly what quaultjr of rubber was xpected of him, when he brought load to be weighed and saw that lt\ balance would not touch the re >wn Victories of D'gnity. Dignity has its victories not less renowned than those of the candid Daltimore. President Taft .was at Washington! Governor Wilson at went to Chicago, Speaker Clark to Seagrit.—New- York Times. THERE WERE OTHERS. A delegate to tlie Baltimore con vention hailing from Texas bore the name of I. R. Broke. There were others aho, who were in fact we at the Texan, perhaps, was merely in name.—Philadelphia Record. HE SMILES NO MORE The Colonel' amusement over the Baltimore contest subsided rapidly when he learned the man had been nominated by Democrats whom he hoped to see defeated as being the strongest candidate.—New York World. -- The president 'is reported to have been pleased over the turmoil in Balt jtimore, but *hat was before Wilson was nominated.—Philadelphia Rec ord. __ At an average speed of twelve miles an hour an automobile tire has a life just about twice as long as one driven ar a twenty-mile average nate advances and bends down, take? the Indian by the hair and strikes him, raises his head and drops it face downward on the ground, and afirer his face is beaten and kicked and covered with blood the Indian is scourged. The crimes alleged against a man in charge of one station included in numerably murders and torture of defenseless Indians, pouring kero sene oil on men and women and then setting fire to them, burning them at the stake, dashing out the brains of children, and again cutting off the arms and legs of Indians and leaving them to speedy deai'h in their agony. Flogging was varied with other tortures, designed, like the seuii drowning of one man, to stop just short of taking life, while inspiring acute mental fear and inflicting much of the physical agony of death. Thus men and lads who were rub ber defaulters or had fled from •the work of gathering it were suspended by chains fastened around the neck to one of the beams of a house or store, sometimes with the feet scarce ly touching the ground, and the chain hauled taut. They wore left in this half-strangled position until life wa> almost extinct, and then liberated. Starvation was again and again resorted to, but this was not when it was desired merely to frighten them but when the intention was to kill. Often men and women were kept pris oners in the station stocks until they died of hunger. ON HIKE TO NEW Y<>RK. Philadelphia Boy Scouts W*ll Be On Road a Week. Philadelphia. Pa., July .17.— Thirty members of Boy Scout Troop No. 81) started on a hike to. New York Tue day, delivering messages from Director of Public Safet y Porter. Chief Scout Commissioner, to the Mayor of every town they visit. In I New York, which the boys expect to (reach in a week, they will be the guests of the New York scout < roops. The hike will be under the super vision of Dennis Butler, a member of !a police patrol crew and scoutmaster iof the troop. The boys before start ing lor New York will be examined by a police surgeon to ascertain their fline-s for the trip. A wagonload of provisions will ac company the troop and the boys will prepare their own meals en route. NEW TRUNK LINE ROAD TO BE BUILT IN WEST TEXAS Midland, Texas, July 18.—All ne gotiations have been completed for the building of a standard gaugL rail road from Tucumcari, New Mexico, through West Texas no San Antonio. This road will cross the Texas and Pacific at Midland and proceed from here in a southeasterly direction to San Antonio. Work has already begun at Mid land. The permanent surveying crew started out from Midland June 22d. The con'tract of the Railroad Com pany with Midland requires that ac tual construction shall begin in six ty days. Midland will be a division point, and it is the presnt intention of'the company ito locate their head quarters and prjncipai hops at this [joint. The road is already chartered un der the name of the Texas Gulf and Northern Ry. Company . The pro ject was launched and is still being handled by some North Texas hank ers; J. A. Underwood is president, W. N. Sadler or Amarillo, vice-president, and M, C. Lemaflter secretary and general manager. This line is thoroughly financed, Chicago parties having agreed to un derwrite the bonds, the charter lias already been secured and work will he pushed to a conclusion with all diligence possible. Experts declare this line will traverse the larg.-t territory in the United States that is now without railroad facilities. One great source of its revenue will be the tonnage from the great New Mex ico coal field*-1. Being the modi di rect line from the northwest to the Gulf of Mex. it will benefit largely by the opening of the Panama Canal. Ow ing to vhe topography of tlie country traversed the construction will be exceedingly cheap, the grade over m'ost of the routs being only six I tenths of one per cent. Many a man mistakes his preju dices for hi- convictions. SAN CARLOS HOTEL One Block from St. L., B. £& M. Depot RATES $2.00 PER. DAY Brownsville, - - - Texas yiiuiuiiijuiiuumimmuuutt wiwiuiuiimumminumre FRONTIER CONSTRUCTION COMPANY General Contractors 309 Merchants* National Bank Building. Phone 150. MERCHANTS NATIONAL BANK BROWNSVILLE. TEXAS Capital and Surplus. $209,000.00 Mason Grain C . Rice Bran, c^Wolasses and Feed of All Kinds 1215 LEVEE STREET BROWNSVILLE.TEXAS BURPEE'S SEEDS VV. Atlee Burpee’s reliable seeds are the best seeds that grow. In stock for immediate shipment. I will sell Burpees seeds iu original green label sealed packages at wholesale prices to truckers and farmers and save express or freight Charges from Philadelphia. Planet Juniqr garden tools. Paris Green in 100 lbs** lots 22 cts. pejr lb. m . T. PHILLIPS,^ FRONTIER Llll CO. DeVOE PAINT ' j THE FIRST NATIONAL BANK ;; , j! of Brownsville, Texas i; ;; -» :. United States Depository ij Capital $100,000.00 ;: surplus and undivided profits $115,000,000 i; < ► <1 1 ► ♦ 04 t-tftttttttttttt Ml li THE MODEL LAUNDRY. We have recently installed in our Cleaning and Pressing department a ‘‘Hoffman Steam Pressing Machine.” In pressing cloths with this machine, live dry steam is brought, indi rect contact with the material, the garment is pressed uniformly, set and sterilized at one operation. Scorching is utterly impossible. This process is more sanitary than the old method and the work Is bet ter. Our operators are skillful and our prices are slightly lower than for merly. Coat and pants, steamed and pressed $.50. Coat and pants, cleaned and pressed $1.00 Skirts, steamed and pressed $.50. up. Other garments in proportion. . wr *- ' TRY US P&ONE No. 1 — '. —.- ... --=1 -J-■■■■L-g***. --TU _ *' , See West B rownsville. YOU’LL LIKERT? Street car line under construction to Country fyb INVESTIGATE. J. B. Scott, Gen. Brownsville, Texas rfc v -V. *!r v *1* + *F :H H* rfc v v *1* v + v *1: . *’* :!? r|: -f if + ^ V t The Pharr Hotel : •* ik + * _ Hr cTWine Host--Mr. Linesetter H THE BEST OF SERVICE t 4ll£- • * * * PHARR, TEXAS l * C * s- ?h h* h- H- w * * if # # * h- * t- ******** - tailiMliraW BRICK-BRICK < When contemplating to build your Residence, Business or Bant Building, specify our brick. Our plant la np to date. Dally capacity twenty thousand, located three miles north of Brownsville on the main line of the Saint Lonla, Brownsville ft Mexico vallroad. Our facilities for loading from our private spurs Insures prompt shipments. Samples of brick will bs sent prepaid npon request. Tslephone 100, Brownsville, Texas OFFICE. ALAMO LUMBER CO. Gulf Coast Brick and Tile Company MANUFACTURERS OF BRICK E- F. JOHNSON. Manager : The Largest and Most Modern Hotel * ' in South-West Texas / fc The Most Southerly Hotel in U. S. 1/ r ———————— Pived Street Street Car Tracks Pass the Door.