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If. BROWN HAS
lp Was Established \ w Zachary Taylor; Bipply Base Was Lo ftted at Point Isabel I I - [■history 0f the m!**tary pest at j Brown is a romantic page in the ! W.v annals of the vnited Stat< s, ^■Id garrison having gone through ^■of the most exciting and colot IHfisodes in America's war history, ^piarch, 1846, General Zachary R>r took possession of a village on ■ north bank of the Rio Grande, 22 ^9 Tgrom its mouth, and opposite city of Matamoros, Mexico. This age he transformed into a strong work and garrisoned it with two ^^^Hteries of artillery and the Seventh under of Major H«|HBrown. .'-K work was named Fort Taylor. |H|y|^Fal Taylor with his army then took jflHHie march to Point Isabel whe-e h - s fflH of supplies was located, and MnBly after his departure, Fort was attacked by the Mexicans General Aristam and hombarded ; " '.Hfatamoros from May :t to 6, i S4 Taylor, hearing th heavy ! started bark with 2000 men to garrison, but was interee|)ted Mexicans under General Ampu ■ l’alo Alto on May and again |||||||j|Hsaca de la Palma on May 9. jtCSjfSB American gen- rat gamed vieloties BH^HHknown in our history, and forced I^^^^^"Mexicans to raise the seize of Taylor on May 9. The Command Major Brown, was seriously ( ded, however, and died the day the was raised. t Named Fort Brown memory of the gallant command ho fell nobly in its defense," the of the fort was changed t<> Brown, and the village nearby d Brownsville. t Brown and Brownsville were by a strong American force dur he Mexican war, and at its close, ^^^«iers were built and a permanent established about a quarter of a Iorth of .F|>rt Brown, and called ; iville barmcks. Tr.t-se barracks ccupied, except for a short time >, up until the outbreak of the Var. V Bandit Attacks September 28, 1859, the Mexican Juan Cortina, captured the' f Brownsville, and made his urters in the deserted garrison wnsville barracks. .Major Hein 1, however, succeeded in dis the Mexican bandit on Decern-j and drove him up the river, de-' the otitlaw forces ;.t Rio Gran r. »» nsville barracks were abandoned eh 20, 18G1. after the surrender eral Twiggs, and was immediate n possession c\. «y Confederate o the state of Texas, which ceded the, previous month. On jer 8, 1863, Union troops ap ;d to make an attack on the ;s, and lite Confederates <ie the field works, and burned ildings in the historic Browns arratks. v Occupied hy Unionists nsville was occupied hy United troops again in 18G8, althrugh st had been held by the Con- | y throughout the war, and in ne year and eafty *n 1869 bar and quarters for six companies recteJ on the original site of ville barracks. These were lat nged into a pc-.- for infantry. apd artillery. with suitable gs for each branch, constituting tosts in one. The new post was Fort Brown, after the oiu fort had been named in memory of llant work of Majjr Brown in ng the post. iderable difficulty was expericn the government in obtaining a itle to the land comprising the Irown reservation. Ccndemna jroceedings were initiated on • jer 7, 1853, but it was not un e 24, 1895, under the provisions Act of Congress ol March 3 hat full and vt.lid title to the - old post was secured. The States paid $160,000 for the re-' ,n. consisting of a tract of cres. Negro Troop •icident th exception of Lite outbreak negro troops of the 25th in and the so-eaKei: “shooting tile city of Brownsvtile on Aug 1906, Fort Brown was occupied ously and uneventfully from ntil October 14, 1911, when it andoned by the military forces, rned over to the %-partment of r. j Brown was again occupied by States troops on ike 20th of r.v, 1913, when Captain Kirby , commanding Trrop M. Four United States cavr.-ry, was sent A few months later a squadron Third United States Cavalry un lajor Sedgwick Rice, occupied rown, and the g.-.- -son remain hat size until in 1916 when con growing out of the r volution ico brought to this part of the bordW 50,000 soldiers, including fed eral afcyl state troops. The movement to the --order start ed the first of July, -»;6, and troops remained here until the following Feb ruary, 1917. Fort Brown, which had at that time been returned by the in terior department to the war depart ment as a military erst, was head quarters for the Brownsville district, end General James Parker was in com mand of the district. The Sixteenth United States Cavalry was organized at that time in Fort Brown and the regi ment remained here until the spring f£)20. Later it was replaced by the th United States Cavalry, and still by the Twelfth Cavalry, now in nand of Colonel John Morgan. Of rr'“ | RIO GRANDE VALLEY BECOMES LAND OF THE “HOME BEAUTIFUL” | Nature in her prodigious bounty has made the Lower Rio Grande Valley the ideal location for the “Home Beau tiful’ and the residents of this section have not been slow to realize their opportunities or% to grasp it. From the upper end of this magic land to the Gulf of Mexico wherever there is a dwelling, there is beauty, be the building ever so humble or protentious. (l)The Mor rison home, showing a beauti ful arrangement of citrus, palms and vines. (2) Beauti fication with evergreen, na tive trees and Chinaberry; also roses and othyr shrub bery. (3) Stuart Place, near Harlingen, one of the Valley beauty spots. (4) Lloyd Par ker home near La Feria, show ing young citrus trees?* (5) Citrus trees and palms form a pretty combination that is hard to beat for impressive beauty. (6) The beautiful Evans home near Mercedes. (7) Citrus fruit and palms were used to beautify the home of J. A. Hickman at Rio Hondo. (8)Wonderful palms on the Charles Volz place near Mission. (9) Where giant hackberry trees and Spanish moss supply the background for a beautiful home. ill headquarters, pack train and other arms are stationed at Jt rf Brown. During the year in which it was not occupied—from 1900 to 191.1—Fort Brown was allowed to deteriorate. Since I'reocci^pation. hnn—.w, it has bei n rehabilitated in every way, and its buildings -and equipment are main ly substantial structures. A radio station was Purrt at Fort1 Brown in 1910, to give wireless com munication with Ft rt Sam Houston, principally. About a year ago the navy department at Washington decided to abandon its great static. Point Isa L 1, and titrungements were made to combine its equipmer* - *:h that at Fort, Brown, which is now one of the strongest stations of the navy depart ment. handling both army and navy business, also commercial. _ ___ _ START CLEARING ON ' HARLINGEN TRACT — HARLINGEN. D.e. 20.—First sLps-j toward whal is expected to he exten- > sive development of the 12,000 acre tiact northwest (f Harlingen recently purchased by H. II. Hardin of I'-crt Worth ar being taken by contractors who have commenced clearing ihe brush from 500 acres. The 500 acre tract will be made j ready for planting cotton in the early i spring. It is understood that the land | will eventually be divided into a num- j her of small tracts and sold to -indi- , vidua! settlers. j • 4i ) 1 n * i Af* '• - -T-« -- - — V-—---f- 1 LADIES’ NECK CLIPPED or SHAVED FREE! Any day but Saturday The only Forty Curl Permanent Wave Machine in tne Valley. Come in, see for yourself and examine cur work. Make your bob look three times larger and ten times prettier. All work guaranteed until the hair is cut or grows out. This advertisement brought to us will entitle you to a thirty (30) curl, permanent wave for $15.00. Not good after January loth, 1025. CHILDENS HAIRCUTS 35c Every day except Saturday “BARKERS THAT GIVE SERVICE” Travelers Hotel Barber Shop and Beauty Parlor Brownsville. Texas - 1 i r. ... —' ■ i % “Tlu* Magic Valley” Raises (he World’s Best Grape Fruit # j * SNAKE KING 1 . (Trade Mark Registered in U. S. Patent Office) WORLD’S LARGEST IMPORTER AND SHIPPER OF Mexican Snakes, Wild Animals and Birds I * i ANIMALS Elephants, camels, llamas, lions, tigers, peccaries, mon keys of all kinds, and in fact any animal desired I CAN PROCURE. Leopard cats, (ocelots), lynx, Civet cats, armadillos, ant bears, bears, badgers. LIZARDS Black iguanas, green iguanas, Chinese dragons, chame leons, gila monsters, Indian monitors and any species of creeping creatures. \ 9 SNAKES Diamond back rattlers, gophers, blue racers, black snakes, yellow bulls, chicken snakes, coach whips, Tex as anacondas, boa constrictors, water snakes of all kinds, copperheads, cotton mouth water moccasins, spreading adders, cobras, Bahama boas, King snakes, indigo snakes, grass snakes, hog-nose 1 snakes and all kinds of snakes obtainable. All Stock Shipped at Buyer’s Risk BIRDS Mexican royal pheasants, Mexican eagles, cara cara eagles, love birds, parrakeets, double and single yel low head parrots, red head parrots, scarlet, blue and green macaws, blue rock, white wing and band tail wild pigeons. All young, hand-raised, yellow head parrots are abso lutely GUARANTEED to learn to talk in three months time, or you may exchange it for another parrot, or I WILL REFUND THE ORIGINAL AMOUNT PAID. SHOWMEN ATTENTION: ALL ORDERS PROMPTLY FILLED WIRE, WRITE, TELEPHONE OR CABLE YOUR ORDERS / l Telegraphic Address: SNAKEVILLE, TEXAS W. A. King, Manager 15KOVV NSV1LLE, TEXAS ij^4* t 3-YEAR TREES IN MISSION HAVE j BIG CROP FRUIT | _ :U. S. Citrus Inspector Gets Splendid Returns for Special Care of His Orchard The claim that a three year old cit rus tree in the Rio Grande Valley is further advanced than a five year old tree in California has been made re peated ly. Unless someone in California has a wonderful exhibit with which to re fute that claim the three year old orchard of E. W. Halstead at Mission is going to prcve that it is true. This orchard consists of 48 trees, I including HO varieties of citrus fruit, on three lots that are total of 150 by 150 feet square, inside the city li mits. The Halstead home with a nice big yard is on this same plot of ground. The oldest trees in the orchard were planted I) ceniber 28, 1021, making them still a few ('ays less than three years old. One Foster Pink grapefruit tree this year bore 101 fruit of unusual size and texture, while another tree of the same vaiiety bore 08 fruit. All the trees of this age were loaded and trees that , were not quite two years old had a number of fruit on them. Mr. Halstead is United States de partment of agriculture agent for this district and citrus inspector for the state department. The trees were care fully selected from the best Valley stock and have had intensive cultiva- t tion and the best of care from the time th<y were planted. The heavy < rop of th's year does not appear to have retarded their growth or to have injured them in any way. One tangerine tree, also less than three years old. had more than a bushel of lruit on it and was so heavily load i ed that it was necessary to pick the j fruit and trim the tree back to the main branches. Mr. Halstead ;s conducting a number . of experiments with new types of cit uis for th government and is experi menting with grapes in an effort to develop a root that will withstand dis eases to which he says they are sub ject in this country. In addition to citrus trees and grape v’nts. Mr. Halstead is growing genuine Chinese bamboo, a Cuban yam, which products potatoes in the ground and on , the plant; and many other unusual plants picked up by him on travels to foreign lands. First House Is Torn Down for New Hotel In constructing the addition to the j Travelers hotel, corner of Levee and Twelfth streets, the first frame house to be constructed in the city of Browns ville was torn down. Although exact records are not avail able on the house, it is known to have been built long before the incorporation of the Brownsville townsite, in 1850.