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eitii'llihrd July i 1992 __"" '■ —————— 1,1 • Entered at $econd-<laai matter tn the Poatofflea Brownsville, Texas ( ( THE BROWNSVILLE HERALD PUBLISHING COMPANY SUB8CRIPl’ION RATES—Dally and Sunday, (7 issues) One Year ..-•-*. Six Months . *4-80 Thrae Months «.... *2-28 One Month .. ^6 The Sunday Herald On# Year . *2 0° Six Months .. 11.16 Threa Months .*° MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Ths Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use for publication of all news dispatches credited to it or not otherwise credited in this paper, and also tha local news published herein. I TEXAS DAILY PRESS LEAGUE Foreign Advertising Representatives Dellas, Texas, 612 Mercantile Bank Building. Chicago, 111., Association Building. Kansas City. Mo., Interstate Building. New York, 360 Madison Avene. ■ .... ■■ -- 1 — Inequalities of Government Thirty-five new states have been added to the l nion since the government of the United States was orig inally formed, and the disparity in population and economic strength is eveo more striking than at that time. It was contended then that within * few- yeras the gradual development of the areas west of the Alle ghanies would result in the elimination of the dual system, but this system has withstood the test of time, and nothing short of a revolution could now uproot it. A recent review of state census reports- show that we have five states with n population of more than 36.000,01.10, which have ten senators, and five other states with a population of about 1.250.000 which also have ten senator*. According to the last general cen sus there were seventeen states, no one of which had more than one million population, and altogether had a population of less than 9.000.000, hut they had 34 j aenators, or more htan a third of the entire member ship of that body. New York, with its population of 11.000.000: Pennsylvania with about 10,000,000. and Illinois with about 8.OOO.00O, have no more representation in ‘ho higher,t law making body of the land than does Nevada with a population of 80,0(10 and Delaware and Wyoming which have about 250,000 each. Yet. despite this great disparity, the dual system as become-so closely linked with American ideas and ideals,* that very rarely is a protest made. Thia principle of duality, firmly fixed in the constitution, is reinforced by the dominant sentiment of communities to which statehood is a privilege, carrying with it local political advantages which would not be voluntarily surrendered. The now states may have small populations, but they have vast resources and great extent of territory. « harles Evans Hughes, in discussing this phase of a American government, recently said: “It is apparent j that nothing short of a revolution could change this system, and there is no prospect of such an identity of interest on tha part of the state*1 of great population as would arouse a violent agitatoin. The relative power of the state* is maintained by the constitution, which denies any right of amendment which would de prive any state w.thout its consent of its equal suffrage in the senate. “We have in the I'nitde States an unexampled op portunity for maintaining local government with the civic virtue which is aroused by local interests and a sense of definite responsibility. It would be a national calamity if we should lose or waste this opportunity. We need and fortunately possess adequate national power, but it is the union of national power and local power that give- us the prosperity we dmre to extend •Del the liberty wp wish to preserve.” Public Ownership of Ports Governor Huey Long of Louisiana, in a recent message to the legislature, unequivocally declared that public ownership of the New Orleans dock system must, not be abandoned in favor of private ownership. His ] attitude on the question that has been agitated in New j Orleans for several years will, it is believed, definite ly e.-tahlish the policy of t+int state and will render it very unlikely that the people of New Orleans and of Louisiana will eve.r sanction any legislative proposal for enabling private interests to obtain control of one of the greatest ports of the South. The claim has been made that public ownership creates many disadvantages, and this may he true to a certain extent. But it at least has the advantage of giving all interests equal privileges, which is nf para mount importance in connection with development of a port. In commending the attitude of Governor Huey Long on the New Orleans port problem, the Beaumont En- j terprise says: "The New Orleans idea is that a port belong* to the people and all carrier* are entitled to | use its facilities on a fair and impartial basis, so that the city and the port, as well as the carriers, may | profit. The old idea, much favored by the railroad barons of a past generation, was that the ports be- } longed to the railroads, and the people should have no part either in the ownership or operation of auch utilities. "So successfully Hid some of the railroads act upon ; this principle that they obtained valuable port conces- < •ions, bought waterfront property for shutting out ; competition and w-ere able for a long period of years j to do much as they pleased with the ports they con trolled. "At Mobile, for many years, two large railroad syg- | terns dominated the port. These railroads and their subsidiaries acquired valuable waterfVont property on which they laid their tracks and built warehouses. Naturally, a competing system did not have a ghost of j m chance to compete with these railroads in Mobile. No competitor could ever rearh the waterfront, at a ‘ point where a profitable business could be done. To j make matter* wor*e, one of the big railroads gave the bulk of its tonnage to New Orleans. "But as Mobile increased in population and the peo ple of Alabama became aware of the folly of allowing their only seaport to remain under the domination of the railroad interests, plans were made to purchase lands above the city on the Mobile river and huild public docks and warehouse*. This great undertaking, financed by a $10,000,000 bond issue voted by the peo ple of Alabama, is now about completed. -The example set by New Orleans in protecting the public interest in its port strongly influenced the people of Alabama, who have created at Mobile a great port owned and controlled by the people and serving all the rail carriers alike. This principle in port de- I velopment is now accepted as the soundest and best for all interests concerned.” Texas is fortunate in the fact that these problems are met' in the laws governing navigation districts.' laws established upon the experiences of all states. I • Texas navigation districts may own and operate docks and terminal facilities, end may enter into any coo- ] tract with the federal government in connection with construction or maintenance of channels and harbors. In other words, Texas law makers hava sought to avoid the danger of private enterprise controlling Text* ’■Its. and have delegated to districts broad powers in re reel, powers which a* ure that all interests will served upon a. fair and impartial basis. _ * 04k®ff Pamirs DALLAS TO MEXICO CITY BY AIRPLANE (Dallas News). The chamber of commerce has been prompt in its indorsement of the proposal of a St. Louis-Dallas Mexico City air passenger route. The city has cor. curred in this attitude, as have the local postal author ities. It is to be hoped that the proposal can be put into practical shape within a short space of time. Of course, at the beginning the significance will not be immediate. That is to say, the volume of travel which will be instantly available will not be great. Rut the facility for a quick journey will inevitably invite patronage and create occasion for it. Dallas, more than any town in Texas except San Antonio and possibly El Faso, is linked up with Mexico in trade aptitudes. There are many products of this city which appeal to Mexico, and there are many pos sibilities in Mexico which could interest Dallas crpitnl and would interest it under favorable conditions. Of ficial Mexico has shown good will toward Dallas in ' times past, and the eity will do well to reciprocity wherever it appropriately can. The trickle of trade that exists between the interior of Texas and the interior of Mexico will become a substantial stream as soon as transportation improves. It will help when freight begins to move faster and ex press with greater dependahleness, hut the important thing now is to make it easier for Mexican buyers to attend our markets and for Dallas business mer. to make personal contacts with Mexico. The new air line, as it attains regular service conditions, will be of vast help in this particular. Local business leader* do well to show their ready recognition of its meaning. I_ LIVING STONES You can take a stone that has just come from the quarry and break it in two. Then it becomes two stone*, one just as important as the other, if they are of equal size and quality. You can continue to crack that stone up until you make small particles of it and spread it on the roadway, and you will have done but a simple thing. This stone was one stone; now it is many little stones, and nobody cares. Rut take a stone out of the pavement of the Appian V'ay. History has marched over it for twenty-two hundred years. It has resounded to the tramp of the Roman legions. Warriors, emperors, despoiler* and bu.Iders have trod upon its surface. Monarch* and slaves and soldiers ha\e passed over it, and have gone their way to their common home in«the earth. Tears and blood have fallen upon it from eyes and veins that had turned to dust centuries before Columbus set foot upon the Western world. I do not think you can break this stone in such a way that you can make two stones of it. I believe that this stnoe has acquired a personality. You can wound it. You can smash it. Rut you will hvae the frag ments of a broken stone; not a collection of stones made by breaking up another stone. A servant who has been in your family for a great many years has acquired some rights beyond the mere right to a prompt payment of the agreed wage. No people recognize this fact more readily and naturally than the southern United States families in which col ored servants have been long in service. There are many such families whose colored servants are de scendants of slaves who served those same families. Such servants have rights that the employers nevei question. Discharge Is unheard of. And the servants feel reciprocal obligations toward their employers in such cases. An employe who has served a firm in whatever ca pacity for year* and years, and ha* given the best of his life to fowarding the interests of his employer, ha* a status entirely different from that of an ordinary employe who may be discharged or demoted or shifted upon short notice. Most employers, large and small, recognize this circumstance, and some of the larges* corporations are most reasonable in dealing with old employes who have served long and well. • • • • * Human association does something to thing- and animals and persons. A church in which generations have worshipped is not just a combination of stones and mortar and slate. It was that when it was new. but now it has a personality of its own, and I think it has rights of its own, too. You cannot make a ware house out of it without doing violence to a venerable personality, as though you should slap a patriarch in the fare. Tim® fly VI® ws PASSAGE OF BILL FOR UNIVERSAL DRAFT IN WAR URGED By EDWARD E. STAFFORD National Commander of the American Legion. <Spafford was born in Springfield, Vermont, in 1879. He early displayed a predilection for things nautical. In 1897 Spafford received an appoint' ment to the naval academy at Annapolis and was graduated in 1901. He went to sea as an ensign and continued in the navy untli 1914. when he re signed to go into business. He studied law and engaged in business endeavors until 1917. Then, during the war he returned to active duty in the navy. Spafford has a long record of Legion serv ice. He has been national commander of the American Legion since 192«>. If the Johnson Universal Draft bill that will auto matically give the president of the United States the j powers of a dictator in time of war. were on the ! statute books much could be saved in lives and money if war should come. This bill, which provides that all persons between \ the ages of 21 and 30 shall be drafted, without exemp tion on account of industrail occupation, if enacted, j will be the greatest move for peace the United States has ever made. It will be a signal to the world that if war comes the United States is ready to put forth every ounce of it senergy to win. There is bitter feeling among the comrades of those men who were killed in France against exemption. It is felt that some of those graves ought to be occupied by some who evaded the draft. If this bill had been a law since the time of the Revolution thousands of lives and millions of dollars could have been saved and this last war might never have involved us. Under this bill, when the president shall judge war to be imminent he would be authorized to proclaim material and industrial resources of the country under! government control, and to take necessary steps to stabilize the dollar. Thus the dollar could he kept at • par throughout the war and millions of dollars saved. There has been » protest against thiie bill from the National Council for Frevention of War, on the grounds that it does not provide that everyone should serve for the same compensation. Thia would be im possible to legislate. Several states have opposed the bill, but they ar« the states that had the largest num ber of slackers and profiteers. They go hand in hand. Many men bought their 23-year-old sons farms nr got them jobs in lines which they knrw nothing abuut, just to keep them from the front. ‘4 d I .. ————— ..; . _ __. ■. :._ — SALUTING THE COEORS J RESTLESS LOVE © Gu' Samuel Jlteruliu *9*e RELEASED /BV CENTRAL PRESS ASSOCIATION_ a———r -pganr iMiiiii-iiiiMii—^nMII—'—1ff—^p——1 “Imagine me,” he said, whimsically, “getting up early.” CHAPThP. 9 She put her cigarette aside, clasp ing her hands before her on the table and looked down at them. “To night." she said. “I'm on the Owl. too." His keen eye* studied her. “Why didn't you tell me before?" "Well . . . things moved along ra ther fast at the office today." They fell silent. "That murder’s really pretty in teresting." said he. “Very." "It suggests the Mellett case.” “In some ways." "This Hamilton Pew must have been something of a fellow. By the way. what was his relationship to the boy you had up at the apartment that night? Last week. His name was Pew." "R. other." “Really? What’s he doing about it? Has he taken ip his brother’s fight?" “I don’t know. I’ve only Had an impersonal letter from him. En closing some things he wanted me to read." “Why are you going. Stella?” “To answer that I'll nave to tell you something of the story, Ernie. Ham Pew was really a good deal of a man. They've been rather strong people, you know-. Good stock. The father was a parson.” “Yes. So I’ve gathered. My fa ther used to talk about the Ackland Age. “This young Ham was carrying on. He was impressed by the way the world is invading the country towns." “I see. Since the automobile came along." “Yes. A'k’.and, von know. Ernie, is really a vv*rv lovely ol.l t w-n. Tradition and taste and all that. Quaint, of course, their ideas and all, but not without distinction. You’d die if you had to live there all the time, hut still it’s a place people love. Thousands of tourists come there every year. They ove gbn it and admire tb* old latidmatk? snd buy antiques, ’hat sort of thing. . . . W ell, Ham saw vulgarity crowd ing in. An he'd dedicated his life to stemming the inv-ssion. His thesis was that if the sirnll towns just lie down and let the ugly rabble tram ple them under we'll he losing some thin greally pretty civilised. He wasn't entirely the provincial type, either. I've read hack over a lot of his editorials, and it's really sur prising how well he wrote. Some thin? of a phrase maker. He said over and over that the battle line of what he regarded as civilization was right there in the country town. He wasn't modern, of course.'* “No. But that’s *nter*sting. And the facts appear to bear him out." “Yes. They killed him. You see. when Homer told me about his broth er's campaign. I sensed a story, and asked if Ham mightn't he interested in writing an article for us about it. Homer thought he would. And that nieht be was murd»red Sinre then, with all this stuff in the papers the folks at the office have been stir red up. Today they gave me the chance to write it myself. It used to be my town, you see. I know the background. In a way, it’s a stroke of luck for me. Though I wasn't so keen on leaving New York right now.” “It means something of a stay, doesn't it. Stella?” “Well . . . it’s likely to be a few weeks.” "I don't like that.” “Neither do I." “Do you have to be there in the morning?” "Why . . * “1 was thinking I might drive you up " ”f*h. Ernie, hoar wonderful!” for a few moments he studied the tablecloth. Twisted bis wine glass around, very slowly. Then, without lifting his eyes, he said: “If you could take the time, Stella, we might run up part way tomorrow afternoon and spend the night somewhere in Connecticut or Massachusetts, and go on the next day.” He looked up now, and their eyes met. She was the first to look down. A warm color appeared in her face, and the outlines of her mouth softened. ••No," she said. “No, Ernie. I just . . . can't.” “I know. I was thinking of that.1 In a way I wish 1 was the fort that could." "You puzzle me a little." “Do IT ‘ After sll. you know, we do have to live, we humans. For something. For somebody.” “I wish I could see clearly what one does live for." “There is only one thing worth living for. dear ... at least, in my mind. And that's _*cstasy." “1 know.” She mused, soberly. | “But there's something in me that holds back." "The puritan in you. «f course." “Perhaps. I don't know." “Oh yes. It’s rother wenderfu", i too. do you know? It’s probably part! of what I love in you. Stella. There's a strong element of taste about it. You could never be cheap." He smiled faintly. “Of course I don't vant to go getting emotional about you. dear. At least not to your face. It has rather stung me lately to observe what a crazy young heart I've cot beating inside my ribs. I've even been jealous.’ “You have no cause for that. Ernie.” “Absolutely none." “I couldn't help wondering For* give me. But 1 have been a bit puz zled. Here you are, a lovely girl. You’re not immature. You’re not cold. Really, you're glowing with a f:ne human warmtn. You’re living here in New York, where things hap pen pretty fast. You’re certainly not the bourgeois marrying type. I’ve had to face the fact that I want you. More than anything else in the world. You’ll never know how deep ly you've stirred me. I could touch ecstasy with you. It’s unnerving Rather blinding. And yet you, what ever your reasons, hold me off. I can't help feeling at times that some other man'll get vou if I fail. i don't mean that cheaply, dear: but I'm older than you. I see clearly enough that you're a mature, de veloped woman, however much of a girl you may still think yourself. And you’re going to find that you’ve got to live humanly. You can't stag ger through life as a vestal virgin without any temple to protect jou.' ‘•No,’* she mused aloud, hut very softly. “Probably I can't." Than she looked up. “Ernie, dear, you're entitled to honesty from me. I have been holding you off. But not in any spirit of caprice. I know how you feel. But the wa> I’m made, it seems to be necer*arv for me to know pretty surely how I feel my self before taking that step. Pm very fond of you." “I know that, dear." “I don't know, though. quite, whether I love you. Enough. I mean. Enough to face all the possible suf fering I seem to sense in it. Oh. I've been trying to think it out from every angle. For weeks and weeks. Probably I am puritan. But if 1 am, I can’t help it.” "No. that's a fair statement. You can't help it." He twisted the glass. "Thank the supposedly good God of those." Stella winced. But quickly recov ered. People are honest about sex you’re not a light o' love. I'm sick now»days. ft is the only course for civilized beings. r "It's clear I can’t say yes now. Not quite yet. Pve even got to risk losing you." "You won’t lose me." Her eyes were wet. Abruptly she reached out and caught one of his bands. "Ernie, dear, will you do this? Will you get up early tomor row and drive me home. So that we can be there by evening?” His . two hands gripped hers. "Imagine me,” he said, whimfscally, "getting up early." Then—"You bet f will.” “PI! call you up," said she. A ripple of laughter escaped her. "I’ll wake you. Say at half-past seven And we'll start right out." "Then I’d better get to bed right now. Must have a little sleep if Pm to drive two hundred end fifty miles before evening.” You'll be out there in Arkland, digging out your story while I'm fighting the smut hounds of dear old Boston. Audi s A — .. .....-...■ 1 1 ^ IMlygr&mnift !_« By r*£l> c mxlly WHY YOU* DOG IINT SAVAGE A question often asked is: Hoar did dogs, originally wild, become so tame? If dogs themselves understood the answer they might make a special effort to show good dispositions when young, for some kennel owners, weeding out their puppies, save only those that show the most agreeable traits. This was doubtless the prac tice when cave men first began to make pets of litters of wolf or jackal puppies. They got rid of the more surly puppies and kept only those that were fairly sweet-natured. When the more even-tempered puppies grew up and had offspring, there was less and less chance, with each gen eration. of having puppies with ugly dispositions. As this weeding out continued, finally it became unusual for a puppy not to be reasonably gentle and obedient. While the early relations between mankind and dogs must have grown up in consequence of hunters bring ing home motherless litters of wild puppies, there was probably contact in another way. Our early ancestors who lived in caves and rude shelters were doubtless not any t >o fastidious and devoted little time to tidying up their premises. When they had picked the meat from a bone, they didn't put it in a garbage can but tossed it out the front entrance. This must have attracted other animals. A few were so objectionable that they had to be chased away or killed But dogs and men presumably got used to etch other and discovered H thit association might have mutual Hi benefits. Dog* were glad to pick up Hi waste food that might otherwise «jc* HE cay and become offensive. Slovenly ^fl though men were, they prnbabiy fl| liked to see the dooryard cleaned up ^fl I'ndoubtedly dog* proved of great ffl advantage in another way. When H other food supplies ran low, they ^fl could be eaten, as in certain parts ^B of the world they still are. Her* Hi was where the least fit were like >• to be eliminated. Tha man who H wanted a dog to help him in pursuit H of game did not kill for food hi* H best hunting dog. Likewise, if he H used dogs to help draw a sledge, he H kept the most able bodied. F.\en if H he cared for hi* dog only as a house. fl hold pet. he would retain the most in. I telligent and affectionate. Thu* fl several distinct types were built up fl In the selective process thn*a I breeds of dogs that guard sheep h*x* fl undergone a complete transforms^fl tion. Instead of killing sheen, as^B they would do if they followed the r ^B original instincts, they zealously fl protect them from being killed hv fl others. And just why is it that a dog fl which might attack sheep is willing I to guard them? The chances are fl that the line of demarcation between fl a sheep-herding dog and a sheep- 1 killing dog is not wide Proper try n- I ing is sometime* all that present* a dog from crossing the line. A wel* trained shepherd dog simply omits the final stage of the rounding up and killing process. N<ew York ^ NEW YORK—There no lon/er U any neceaaity for authors to starve in garrets unappreciated, and only the hopelessly mediocre and lazy ones do. Competition among magasine and book publishing houaes has become so keen that established authora, and in some cases unknown ones, may sell their work before it is written. Publishers, magasine edi tors and literary agents advance royalties to authors on manuscripts and even on bare ideas. Every pub lishing house has in the ranks of its authors from two to a dozen writers whose books do not sell, but who are continuing to have thoir books published because it is hoped that eventually they will produce best-sellers and become established in public favor. Stories by writers like Irvin S. Cobb, Ring Lardner, Booth Tarking ton, Mary Roberts Rhinehart and Zane Grey are sold months and years in advance. Thornton Wilder, author of the sensational “Bridge of San Luis Rey,*’ is reported to have sigred a five year contract with a publishing house which doesn't take effect until he has delivered two more hooks to his present publish ers. He hasn’t begun work on his next novel. • • • A question that oiten i<«nri to lay minds is. How much do authors get for writing books? Contracts usually provide for royalties on a sliding scale. Ordinarily, they jet 10 per cent of the retail price, which varies from $2.50 to $5, for the first 10,000 books sold; 12 1-2 per cent of the next 5,000 and 15 per cent on all copies sold above 15,000. If the book sells 2<\* 000 copies at $2.50, the author's share is around $9,950. in addition to what ever he may have derived from the first serial (magazine) rights, lie may profit additionally from second serial (newspaper) rights, movie rights and popular priced reprint*. First serial rights of hooks by es tablished authors freouently sell for as much as $25,000. Tneodore Drei* |cr got $90,000 for the film rights to "An American Tragedy.' and large royalties from the nUg# version. • • • Window-dressing achieve* the realm of art along Fifth avenue De partment stores and shops employ staffs of designers and dressers to create exclusive effects. * Norman Bel-Geddes, famed as a designer of setting for plavs. notably "The Mir acle.” is paid $500 a week for doing window designs for one store. An other shop has a special department in which its window furniture, sketches, etc, are sold as works of art. Most of the exclusive shops copy right their window display effects so that stores in ather cities may not imitate them. One store with expansive windows which occupy thousands of dollars worth of land, seldom has more than one or two articles in its display. Its window designer has the easiest job I know of. • • • Speaking of window displays, the latest thing in false-teeth designs has diamonds inset in the imita tion incisbrs. Lulu McConnell, the actress, is one who wears a set Tlk® Gmlb Bag | V. »' Who am 1? What position diu my husband hold during the World war? What important nomination does he seek now? W ho is secretary of the interior in the U. S. 0abinet ? A U. S. political figure brought into vogue a pipe with an underslung bowl. Can you name the man? The hundredth anniversary of the death of a famous composer was celebrated in 1927. What was hi* name? "Therefore I hated life; because the work that is wrought under the sun is grevious unto me: for all is vanity and vexation of spirit." Where does this passage appear in the Bible? there'll be evenings when I can run out and take you somewhere for dinner and a dance. You’re my real reason for the trip, you know. It'll be only fair to keep that in mind." "I shall keep it in mind. Ernie." He glanced at the watch on hi* wrist, and added impishly: “My God. it’s half-past nine. Way- past my bed time. We nust trot along.” Just before they left the place, she broke out with this: I""——™—mmm—« JIMMY JAMS ^ Today in the Past On this dste, in 153». Hernando Ps Soto landed at Bay of Espiritu Panto, on the west coast of Florida. Today'a Horoscope . Persons born under this sign • ■ gay. imaginative, dressy, social and ■ desirous of beauty in their surround- V ings. They are rather close in money 1 affairs, but spend lavishly on them selves and their family. Outside of their family their affection* do not run very deep. — .... ...— ■■] I HERE comes Pop home Hew, ah' I WAMTA ASk'IM FoR A Don.AT? *30 » CAM F*W HIM FbR THE WtHOosni "THAT Mom id doin' it> dhow him i rudted To-DaV- —J I 1-yEP A Daily Thought “At learning's fountain it is sweet to drink. But ’tis a nobler privilege to think. —J, G. Saxe. Answers to Foregoing Questions 1. Mrs. Herbert Hoover; food ad ministrator; republican nomination for the presidency. 2. Hubert Work. 3. Charles Dawes. 4. Ludwig van Beethoven. B. Ecclesiastes, ii, 17. “Ernie, dear. T am modern! I’m not a stupid Victorian at heart! I realize that we Yankees have a «-*y of watching our step. It does seem to be in the blood. But just give me time. Time to think. Will you, dear?" Deeply moved, he looked at her. She was nearly as tell as he. And she was softly, vibrantly beautiful. I t TO BE CONTINUED> La Joya Gravel INCORPORATED MISSION, TEXAS BOX 554 | DELIVERY TO YOUR HOME DAILY COURTEOUS SERVICE CENTRAL POWER & b LIGHT CO. • .