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U. S. TO STUDY MORALES FLY f _______ Buildings For Labora tory Given Workers; Elaborate Experi ments Being Made One of the most significant moves in the war which has been launched by the United States department of agriculture against the Morelos fruit fly is actually under way now, in the form of extensive laboratories in Mexico, for the purpose of studying the fruit fly at its source, and of finding out everything that can be learned of possible methods of erad- j icating it completely. The latest angles of the work there were brought out in a conference at i Washington between Dr. A. C. Baker, senior entomologist of the U. S. bureau of entomology, and P. A. Hoi dale, in charge of the fruit fly erad ication and prevention work in the Valley. The salient features of it were explained by Mr. Hoidale upon bis return from Washington. Dr. Baker has left W'ashington for the Pacific coast. Dr. Baker left the Valley several months ago with a number of assist ants to undertake the work in the southern republic. He met with un usual success in arranging for the work there, and has secured the full est cooperation from all of the Mex ican authorities, he informed Mr. Hoidale. Mexico Cooperating So interested was the Mexican gov ernment in the research outlined by Dr. Baker that two large concrete buildings were at once placed at the disposal of his commission, and a sufficient sum appropriated to put these in shape for laboratory quar ters. As a result of this cooperation of Mexico, the American entomologists have thoroughly modern laboratories in which to conduct their investiga tions, and they have installed equip ment which will permit attacking a number of more obscure points in the life of the fruit worm, the solution of which will he of great, practical value. “Dr. Baker emphasised the fact , that, it is difficult to realize the breadth of the field necessary to ' cover in connection with studies of this nature,” Mr. Hoidale said. “In the first place, there is the question of the food of the insects, the kinds of fruit attacked, and the stages of ' ripening which the fly will accept, j This requires a chemical study of the ingredients of different fruits at dif- j ferent stages of maturity, and the 1 correlation of this with the activity ! of the fly. Other points too demand chemical knowledge and a chemical laboratory is therefore rart of the equipment provided. Study Climate “But a knowledge of the food of the fly would be of little value if we did not know the influence of differ ent climatic conditions on its growth I and survival. This is being .-tudied ' in two ways. First, local field sta tions are established in the different climatic regions where the fly is : known to occur; and information in regard to these regions and the con ditions of growth of the fly in them is gathered in detail. From an an alysis of the record obtained, an at tempt is made to gauge the import ance of the different climatic in fluences on the development of the pest. “Then an exact check of the ideas I suggested is made in the mam lab oratories. These are provided with equipment in which temperature, j moisture, light, atmospheric pressure, I and air velocity may be controlled. | It ia possible, therefore, to duplicate any set of climatic conditions, and to atudy the development of the pest under these conditions, as well as to I check on theories resulting from field studies. Likewise climatic con- ' ditions in the different fruit grow ing regions in the United States can be duplicated, and the fly can be atudied under these conditions with out hazard of any kind to the indus try. The Importance of these instru ments. called by the entomologists “incubators.” was emphasized. In the high altitude of Mexico City they 'can be made to reproduce the exact atmospheric conditions of the Valley, including winds, sunshine, air pres sure, humidity, and temperature. Tha machines are one of the latest developments in this work, and there are few men in the country who can manipulate them. Learn Possible Damage It has heretofore been almost im possible to study the fruit pest with regard to the damage it might do in California or Florida. But these in struments will enable the entomolo gists to ascertain definitely what the insect would do in those sections. “In this way advance information may be obtained as to what we may expect if the fly gains access to any of the other fruit growing sections of our country,” Mr. Hoidale said, “and with this information in hand, we will be in a position to handle any such situation with intelligence. In formation of this kind will naturally be of much value to the Mexican of ficials who are attempting to fight the fly in different sections of Mex ico.” And the possibility that Mexico may launch into a general eradication campaign of the peit in that section, and hence completely remove the menace to the United States is men tioned. Then there is another angle that the investigations in Mexico are tak ing, Dr. Baker tells me.” Mr. Hoidale said. “Insecta from widely scattered points in the republic show certain differences. It is possible that these represent local geographic races, which differ in their action on host fruits. A11 of this must he worked out, first as to the fact of the differ ences. and secondly, as to the ability of the supposed races to attack fruits of different kinds. Insects, therefore, are being obtained from all possible localities, and these are forwarded to the central laboratory for minute microscopic study of their structural differences. Special equip ment has been providede to permit recording of small variations in the specimens obtained in the study. Field Stations Important “In much of this work the Mex ! lean government, represented by the Oficina para Defensa Agncola, is i taking an active interest, two of the field stations, thosa at Vera Cruz and Villa Hermosa, being provided by the Defensa Agricola. “All of the work in the southern part of Mexico has meant a great deal to the cordial relations existing be tween the scientific departments of i }he two countries, and has mado it I a FINDS NOBILE Commander Tornberff, above, of Sweden, is the leader of the seaplane. Upland, which rescued General Umberto Nobile, com mander of the ill-fated dirigible. Italia, from the ice floes of North Spitsbergen. very much easier to carry on the cleanup work across the border. Every credit, of course, should be given to the local Mexican authori ties in this work, according to Dr. Baker, but the activities based on Mexico City have resulted in a broad er view throughout Mexico. Mr. Hoidale said that Dr. Baker discussed the importance of the field station located in Cuernavaca, south of Mexico City. This station was completed a short time ago. and studies of the flies finder the climatic conditions existing there have been conducted since its completion. One of the major food plants there is the mango, and the work is being han dled by Mr. MePhail. who was for a time entomologist of the Texas ex periment station at Weslaco. Mr. MePhail resigned that post to go with the federal bureau of Mexico. C. of C. Speed Boat Received and Tried (Special to The Herald) HARLINGEN, July 7.—The new speed boat of the Harlingen Chamber of Commerce was launched Tuesday, tested Saturday, and is to receive its official dedication some time neft month, according to Myron F. Ward, manager. The boat is 24 feet, and can carry a dozen pasengers. It is said to have a speed of 40 miles an hour. Stimu lation of interest in the Arroyo Colo rado as a pleasure channel, and deep water channel was given as the rea son for purchasing the boat. MALLEN SEES MUCH GROWTH DURING JUNE Forecast For July Is S Better; Trade In Lots, Building; Add to Utiilty (Special to The Herald) McALLEN, July 1.—A aurvey of the real estate activity, building pro gram industrial expansion for the month of June shows McAllen has kept pace with the rapidly growing Valley. The Municipal hospital which was built and equipped at a cost of $250, 000 was opened to the public during the month of June, and pronounced to be one of the finest structures of its kind in the state. Several real estate transactions were consumated during the month, the largest of which were the pur chase of a business lot on Main street by Adolfo Zambrano, Monterrey and Laredo banker, and the purchase of a ten-acre orchard adjacent to the city by E. W. Bentley of Dallas. The business lot brought $30,000 and the ten-acre orchard, which is planted to citrus trees, brought $10,000. Sev eral smaller real estate deals were also made during the month. The first excursion of the A. J. McC'oll Land company, wnich is the selling agent for the McAllen Development company, w as brought to the city the j latter part of the month. The party, which numbered 150 people, was shown the Valley in its entirety and the orchards which are being de veloped and offered for sale by the development company. The Central Power and Light com pany started the work of enlarging the filtration piant which was brought about by the increase in water users. The enlarjr nient of the plant is the second within eight months. Construction work on the new Naz arene church ha3 been started and when completed will have cost $15, 000, according to A. H. Woolridge, architect. Mr. Woolridge is also pre 1 paring plans for the new homes of K. M. Bounds and Steve Jones. Esti mated cost of both is placed at $20,000. According to local bankers, con tractors and real estate men. the month of June, while a \ery satisfac tory business month, will be over shadowed by the activity along build ing lines planned for the month of July. According to authoritative ad vices Senor Zambrano will commence construction of a building on his Main street lot which is to cost not less than $50,000. It is also rumored that a San Antonio concern is to erect a six-story office building on Main street. The month of July also will see Mc Allen place its name in the column of cities offering to the air tourist a municipal airport: Practically all de tails for the purchase of the site have been arranged by the airport com mittee and the city commission at its next meeting will in all probability make the necessary appropr ations for the purchase of the site. McAllen will be the second city in the Valley to provide an airport. Brownsville having taken the lead several months ago. DENHAM, Eng.—Lady Victoria Braithwaite has given up the duck farm «he started on her estate. W. R MONTGOMERY | j At orney at Law $ ]' President Hidaltrn Guarantee J Abstract Company Edinburg State Bank Bldg.. * !) Edinburg. Co.. Seat Hidalgo Co. 4 1| Building Is Booming jl *l| and with building activi- I jj ties come demands for v-|| building materials. We are in a position to supply building materials in any quantities, and you’ll find || everything we handle to be of standard quality and priced right. When your require ments are in the building . material line, call 872! FRONTIER LUMBERC? BUILDING MATERIAL SINCE 1904 HE’S GOOD Standing behind a few of his markmanship medals you see Gunnery Sergeant Morris Fish er. of the 0. S. marines. Fisher, who dawns the world's rifle tilt, has the following record; Olym pic champion, Belgium, 1920; French open champion. Lyons, 1921; Italian open champion, Milan, 1922; individual world's championship, Camp Perry'. Ohio, 1923; individual world’s champ ionship again at Rheims, France, 19224; Olympic champion, Chal ons, France, 1924; Peruvian open champ, Lima, Peru. 1925, and now he’s shining up his rifle for Amsterdam NEW COMPANY HARLINGEN. July 7.—Costas Luc kas. formerly of Florida, and V. B. Liddell have opened the Home Made Ice ( ream company in the Benoist building here, and will manufacture ice cream. LOVE SWINDLER CAUGHT VIENNA. Albert Maier, aged C>9. who escaped in 1924 when arrested for swindling women who wanted to | marry him. has been caught at Inns bruck. - w I him imTVh 11 .1 pT'ITHII 11 irtrVTTI Six-Shooter Days on Border Recalled by Ranger of the 80’s Memories of early-day election* on the Mexican border and the famous Jaybird-Woodpecker feud of the Big Bend country were revived Friday night by Ira Aten of El Centro, Calif., native Texan, who served for years in the Texas Rangers in the stirring period from 1883 to 1889. Mr. Aten ia now a member of the board of directors of the Imperial Valley irrigation district, a substan tial farmer. His youthful days were spent along the Mexican border at a time when it was “wild and wool ly” to a degree never surpassed on any frontier. He arrived in the Valley the first of the week to inspect the irrigation systems and confer with irrigation managers, and was the principal speaker at a conference of irrigation interests at San Benito Friday night. In 1888 he was appointed sheriff of the old Big Bend county, follow ing the slaying of the sheriff and two deputies in the Jaybird-Wood pecker feud. He served a year and a half, during which time he brought law and order into a lawless land. When the Jaybirds and Woodpeck ers, feudists of the Big Bend coun try, declared what was virtually a civil war and shot the sheriff and hia deputies, Aten, then a sergeant of rangers, was sent by Gov. Sul Ross to handle the situation. The feud had spread over the greater part of the Big Bend country, and Governor Reas added a company of Houston national guard to the force sent to quell the uprising. Later the governor appeared on the scene and called a conference of the Jarbirds and Woodpeckers. The appointment of a sheriff was the first matter to come up after the feudists had agreed to recognise the law. For several days the rival factions wrangled over the appoint ment, the shooting of two men add ing fuel to the passions of the rival bands. Governor Ross finally took the matter into his own hands. “Sergeant Ira Aten of the rangers would make a good sheriff,” the gov ernor suggested. Jaybirds accepted the suggestion, but the Woodpeckers were reluctant. Finally the gover nor informed the Woodpeckers that they had no choice; that he would appoint Aten and leave it to the ran ger to straighen out the situation. The Woodpeckers finally accepted Aten as sheriff, and the officer then proceeded to put respect for the law into the Big Bend country. Following the completion of his term as sheriff he called an election and saw that a successor was legally elected, selecting a candidate who had taken no part in the Jaybird Woodpecker feud, and who was ca pable of enforcing the law along the border. In 1888 Aten and several other rangers were detailed by Governor Ros* to supervise a general election at Rio Grande City and Roma. The fight was between the “Reds’* and “Bluea,” and for nearly a week the entire border country was in an up roar. Two days before the election the rival leaders established headquar ters at corrals. Tequil:. mescal and music for dancing were provided, and no voter who entered the corral was permitted to leave. For two days the carousal made the day and night hideous, and on election day the frowsy. befuddled voters were marched from the corrals to the polling place, a ticket was placed in the hand of each with the in structions to place it in the ballot box. The election was won by the candidate who succeeded in getting the most voters into his corral. “We did not approve of the elec tion methods, but there was nothing we could do,’’ Mr. Aten said. “For two days the Mexicans were cross ing the Rio Grande in droves to join the carousals in the respective cor rals. Wc did not know who were voters and who were not, and there w-ere no challengers.” The six years Mr. Aten served with the Texas rangers were replete with thrilling experiences. They were the years when the border was the refuge of criminals of every class, when pitched battles between the rangers and organized bands of outlaws were almost daily occur rences. Of the part he took in mak ing the border safe for civilization Mr. Aten has little to say, but his rapid promotion in the force attests his courage and shooting ability. Mr. Aten carries his sixty-odd years well. He is a small man, with twinkling blue eyes, pleasing per sonality—a natural leader. He still has the vigor of the old days when he was a “hard-bitten” ranger and devoted his time and six-shooter to enforcing the law west of the Pecos. Begin Remodeling of Harlingen Star Store HARLINGEN. July 7.—Remodeling work on the Star store here, owned by Julian Ashheim. has been started, the interior of the building being re finished. The store next to this one. occupied by the Broadway Men’s Shop, of which Ben Epstein is owner, is also being remodeled throughout, as it was damaged by fire some time ago. -JACKSON” BILL SA NBENITO, July 7.—A "Stone wall Jackson” bill of ten dollar de nomination, has been added to the collection of “Stonewall Jackson’” fixtures in the. hotel here by that name. The bill is to be framed, and hung in the hotel, near painted pic tures of the great Southern general. H. M. WOOD | pr i| TOR ![ REAL ESTATE INVESTMENTS j| !’ Specialising in Large Improved and Unimproved Tracts Member Brownsville Real Estate Board <> Exclusive listing solicited J| First National Rank Bldg. Phone 287 F Brownsville ][i i! 2 --—-- | Try a Herald Classified Ad maianr. I A Bad Beginning Makes a Poor Ending Begin right and your job is half done. Hundreds of old customers who began their shopping here years ago have long since discovered the joy of trading with confidence and satisfaction at a reliable place of business. Why not begin right today and know you are going to come out right? We Save You Money L—: Covacevich Supply Co. IG. A. Covacevich, Prop. Hardware, Auto. Electrical and Plumbing Supplies Everything for the Home and Farm Opposite New Chamber of Commerce i ilh ih eii am inn hu'-buh || Los _banos || &vM\ All Los Ebanos Is Divided Into J.hree Parts f\\i b*S" ^ b! L* What we call “Los Ebanos Addition” begins at the beautiful rough stone entrance at the corner g!!£ •LI| . of Palm Boulevard and Ringgold street and consists of ninety acres divided into large homesites—not IL; ajjp just Jots. The winding resaca separating it from the new city park, the growth of Ebonies and other 5;; 'i =\;;§ native trees, its winding driveways, its emerald esplanades, its park-like appearance to which have & § * !!§ now been added all metropolitan conveniences, such as ornamental lighting, water, natural gas, sani- ^ % j tary and storm sewers, electricity, telephones, curbs and paved streets, all go to make up what we set - I Li B.-.;1 --5 out to make it—the supreme residential section of South Texas. ij d • . ! ft r. 0 ;■* *3 < > - Then, just beyond, is being developed what is known as a “Satellite City”—the Community Center 1 L ": of the Los Ebanos Plan. Here will be the shops and neighborhood stores—all to be finished in face -1! brick, cement stucco or other similar permanent material. ssf J ; . Then come the suburban homesites (all within one mile from the City Limits)—consisting of acre- L age for those who seek to derive their measure of life’s enjoyment from simple, natural things. After purchasing, owners add their bit to the esthetic development of the Community through the early planing of orchards, the building of homes or the landscaping of grounds. The priee* at whieh we are offering these properties give promise of good returns to the investor. : J; f |::| Los Ebanos Estates, Inc. |j|| 11.