f ^THIRTY-SEVENTH YEAR—No. 14 BROWNSVILLE, TEXAS, TUESDAY, JULY 17, 1928 TEN PAGES TODAY 5c A COPY
~ FINAL |
I VALLEY ;
b!lUV. NsVILLE Chamber of Com
merce adopts a rather democratic
method for selecting a permanent
Fourth of July celebration organi
Compiles a list of some fifty men
and women who it is believed will
That’s the sort of folks . *3ded to
head an effort which means much
work just for the joy of seeing it
A ballot ha* been prepared, and
copies of it sent to some one thou
sand names in the telephone di
rectory and out of i.
The voters are asked to selcct^the
names of three women and the
names of twelve men who, the voter
believes, will actually work on a
And return the ballot to the cham
ber of commerce in a stamped and
addressed envelope supplied with
• • •
THERE IS at least one thing for
which cotton growers of the Villey
have to be thankful for.
Cotton leaf worms have not made
I their appearance this year, so far.
The reason—continued dry wea
ther which is not conducive to the
propagation of the leaf worm.
In at least this one respect, the
growers have not had to worry.
The Herald Sunday reported that
bales of cotton have been
This week, .11 ' - gs being equal,
the ginning* s' w ascend to 16,
000 bales—pcrhai more.
The season is well under way.
Motorists from San Antonio re
port passing caravnns of cotton
So far, the labor supp’y has been
equal to the demand.
THE STATE HIGHWAY DEPART
lrmt has designated a new primary
road, its first in many months.
This road would run south from
San Antonio through Jourdanton, in
Atascosa county, thence to Hebbron
ville, thence to Rio Grande City.
Which eventually will give a new
main route into the Lower Rio
Grande Valley, as well as out of it.
In other words, that route is on
the program for development into a
first class highway.
It may require a few years of
of fort to put it over. But it will
• • •
5 THE VALLEY is to have one new
hotel for the accommodation of
winter tourists, and possibly two.
Worh on Weslaco’s handsome new
kcG*:r7 1» proceeding rapidly, with
expectation that it will be ready for
the opening early in the fall.
The second probably will be the
Point Isabel hotel.
In the meantime new apartments
are going up in various parts of the
For the accommodation of those
■ who prefer a living room, a bed
room. a kitchenette, bath, and so on.
And they are not to he high in
One man, not a business man hut
one who has demonstrat'd his eapa
«ity for business in various ways,
declares rentals are too hij^t. at
least in some cases.
So he plans to rent spur •< !s in
which he is interested on what he
says is a more moderate basis.
He will rent for $45 to $.'5. Will
furnish the apartment complete, sup
ply lights and water, electric re-,
frigeration. garage ard other fa-(
eililles- The apartments to include;
a living room, bedroom, kitchenette,
That should intrrr«-t visitors plan
i T- on spending a few months.
,«. o*h"'S who want to stay.
• • •
THE STATE TAX board cuts the
ad valorem tax for the year from 25
to ?2 rents.
A reduction of three cents, and
compared with the ad valorem tax
of previous administrations, a re- ,
m d.i-tion of six cents.
™ Any tax reduction, whatever its
sire, always meets with the ap
proval of the taxpayer.
With income taxes, surtaxes, occu
pation taxes, automobile licenses,
school taxes, drainage taxes, water
tax's, bond taxes, and a thousand
ard one other taxes—well, the tax
payer is an uncomplaining felbw
after ell- # . .
I BICE FARMER? np in the Whar
tor district are fighting over their
Irrigationists in this section -an
npp-eciate the situation.
Although they have never come to
Flows over the matter.
,\r,d work that is row going on
holds forth promise that it will be
accessary to fight over the water
supnly at any time.
Mare concrete lined canals are
goirg in here in the Valley than
Will help to reduce waste, stop
seepage, reclaim land, and otherwise
4-d wHl eut the water used in
Fnf wherever canals are cement
Mrs. Wilmans To
Fight Ballot Bar
Will Seek Mandamus
Of Supreme Courl
To Stop Vote Count
DALLAS. July 17—(A*)—Mrs. Edit!
Wilmans. candidate for governor,
clar-'d here today that she woul<
seek a supreme court mandamus for
bidding the counting of the demo
cratic primary vote in Cameron, Gal
veston and Val Verde counties i:
her name was not placed on the bal
lots of those counties.
Mrs. Wilman's name, togethei
with those of Judge William E
Hawkins, Breckenridge gubernator
ial candidate, and State Senato
Thomas Love, Dallas, candidate foi
lieutenant governor, were left of
the primary ballot i those coun
(Continued on page eight)
CREAM PIE IS
POISON TO 200
Industrial Workers In
Boston Hit; Expect
All Will Live
BOSTON. July 17.—(jP)—Chocolate
cream pie today was believed to be
responsible for more than 200 cases
of food poisoning in greater Boston.
Approximately 75 persons were in
hospitals in Somerville, Boston and
Medford, as many more had been
treated rfnd released while an un
determinate number of others, be
lieved to be several score, were under
treatment at their homes.
The victims were principally em
ployes of industrial plants who had
partaken of box lunches yesterday
and ethose who had shared th
So great was the toll in the Ford
automobile plant in Somerville where
150 men and women were affected,
many of them collapsing at their ma
chines, that work had to be suspend
ed for the day while those who were
well helped to take the stricken tc
hospitals and physicians’ offices.
Other large concerns where the
malady occurred included the Re
\cre Sugar Refinery and the S. M
Howes Company, both in Charles
town. Victims also included several
persons who had partaken of noon
day meals in a downtown restaurant
of the Waldorf Lunch System, Inc.,
in this city.
The Waldorf Company supplied
lunch boxes to nil if the plants af
fected. The boxes contained ham,
cheese and bologna sandwiches,
chocolate cream pie and milk.
Apart from samples retained for
investigating authorities, the com
nany directed its store managers to
destroy every remaining pie.
Physicians treating the victims de
scribed the cases n« similar to pto
maine poiso ing. Victims suffered
severe cramp an . became nauseated
but ns fir as co Jd be learned none
was in danger.
—- i ■ - '■
November Vote Is
Issued By Moody
AUSTIN, July 17.—</F*)—Governor
Moody’s proclamation formally call
ing the November 6 general election
was issued Tuesday.
Besides naming the numerous
state, national, and district offices
to be filled, including 20 electors for
president and vice-president, the pro
clamation ordered that an election on
three constitutional amendments pro
posed by the 40th legislature be
called by county judges or county
Substance of the amendments
Authorizing a tax levy to aid con
federate soldiers and sailors and
their widows in indigent circum
Exempting parsonages from taxa
Providing that school officers, in
cluding boards of institutions of
higher education, shall serve for
terms not exceeding six years, and
providing for appointment of a state
board of education.
DOUBLE STANDARD "LIE”
MILWAUKEE. Wis.. July 17.—(/Pi
—The "double standard” is viewed
as "a curse and a lie” by the Rev.
W. A. Hobenstein. of Bloomington.
111., in an address prepared for de
livery before the International
W’alvher league convention today.
“A woman has the right and duty to
exoset of her future husband the
same purity and faithfulness that
the groom expects of hi« future
bride,” he said.
VICTIM OF ASSASSIN’S BULLETS
2nd Craft Seeks
Amundsen As 1st
Runs Out of Fuel
MOSCOW. July 17.— (IP) —New
Russian plans for a search for the
missing Amundsen party were de
veloping today as the rescue ship
Krassin was slowly pounding its
way toward Advent '.ay carrying
seven of the crew of the Italia
snatched from the ice last week and
the nine members of t—> rescue par
ties including the aviator Chukhnov
skv picked up Sunday nigh
With the Krassin temporarily out
of the search because of lack of
fuel, the second Russian icebreaker
Maligin. now in northern waters, is
under instructions to make a thor
ougn search for the Amundsen par
ty. The Maligin today was 40 miles
east from King Karl island, south
of Northeast Land, and was fightinr
a heavy storm which has been rag
ing since early morning.
MOSCOW. July 17.—t>tPi—’The
newspaper Izvestia today published
an interview with Professor F. Be
hounek. a survivor of the ill-fated
Italia in which he quoted Dr. Finn
Maltr.gren as saying the dirigible
had been mismanaged.
The statement that they left
Malmgren behind alone in a grave of
ice has been attributed to his res
cued companions. His fate has
caused criticism of the Nobile expe
d’tion. Behounek. a Czecho Slovak
ian meteorologist was one of the
group hurled on the ice hy the crash
and rescued hy the Russian ice
(General Nobile sent a statement
to Stockholm last week saying that
no misunderstandings with Dr.
Malmgren and that relations of the
whole party were at all times frank
Say Were Over-Wnrkrd
The dispatch to Izvestia from its
correspondent aboard the Krassin
quoted Behounek as saying of the
“Throughout we had been over
worked and had little sleep.
“Shortly before the crash, T went
to awaken Pontremoli (Italian scien
tist. still missing) who was sleep
ing. hut met Dr. Finn Malmgren.
who seemed worried. He told me
the airship had been mismanaged.
“Returning to my seat I noticed
a meter was indicating a rapid de
scent. McEceino (motor *hief) in
Dud Falls In Crowd; |
Puts 25 In Hospital
PITTSBURGH. Pa., July 17.~(*» ]
—Bfcause an aerial bomb that had
been a dud in the air. exploded as
it hit in the midst of 3.000 persons
on the ground. 25 persons were in
hospitals today. Two men were
blinded, flames and powder having
seared their eyes. Others suffered
burns and contusions.
The bomb was part of a fireworks
display at an Italian fiesta in honor
of Our Lady of Mount Catmel spon
sored by residents of the towns of
Swissvale and Braddoclfc
*tantly threw out the last ballast of
170 kilos of metal. We immediately
rose 400 meters. Then we rapidly
began to descend again.
Drifted With Storm
“About fifteen minutes after the
initial crash and after the dirigible
had carried off the Allesandri group
(of six men) we saw smoke but did
not hear an explosion, which Indi
cates the possibility that the group
“Our desire to investigate the
(Continued on page two)
Mrs. Bernstein Quits
Suing Mrs. Coogan
LOS ANGELES. July 17—(/P)—The
$75,000 alienation suit brought by
Mrs. Clara Belle Be -stein against
Mrs. Lillian Coogan. mother of
Jackie Coogan, was dismissed in
I superior court here today on motion
| of counsel for Mrs. Bernstein.
Old Man Knocked
Down On Road
HARLINGEN. July 17.—Fecundino
Saldana. 60. a laborer here was ser
iously injured late yesterday when
he was hit by an automobile end
knocked to the pavement here.
The aged man was orsing the
highway near the Valley Baptist
hospital and evidently became con
fused in the traffic, witnesses said
He was taken into the hospital by
the man whose ear hit him.
Attendants said his condition was
serious though possibly not fatal.
He is believed to have a fractured
Finder of Carranza
To Receive Reward
NEW YORK. July 17.—4JP»— John
Carr, berry picker who found the
body of Captain Emilio Carranza be
side his wrecked airplane in a New
Jersey swamp, will be presented
$750 as a reward today at Chnts
worth. N. J-, at 3:30 p. m. Five
hundred dollars is from tlie Mexican
war department and $250 from Con
sul General Artuio Elias. The pres
entation will he made by A. N. Mar
tinez. a member of the consul gen
DETROIT. July 17.—UP)—Knights
Templar to the number of 35.000
marched in the grand parade today
feature spectacle of the annua!
conclave of the organization in ses
With white plumed hats setting
the dark . galia of the order,
the Knights passed over the down
town streets where temporary sest#
accompanying 200.000 were erected.
Included among the marchers were
100 hands. (
Love to be Ruled Off
Third of Counties'
Tickets Is Belief;
Will Rush Appeal
SAN ANTONIO, July 17.
—(;p)—State Senator Thom
as B. Love of Dallas lost his
fight to have his name print
ed on the Cameron county
primary ballot today when
the fourth court of civil ap
peals denied him a writ of
mandamus against the Cam
eron county democratic exec
utive committee. The com
mittee had refused to print
his name on the ballot as a
candidate for lieutenant gov
ernor because of Love’s an
nouncement that he would
not support the democratic
presidential nominee, Gov
ernor Alfred E. Smith of
The Cameron county committee
also barred the names of Mrs. Edith
Wilmans of Dallas and William K.
Hawkins of Houston, candidates for
(Continued on page eight.)
NEW TAX RATE
IS RECORD LOW
3 Cent Reduction To
Fill State Needs,
AUSTIN, July 17.—(A*)—Action of
the automatic tax board yesterday in
fixin gthe state tax rate at 64 cents,
a 3 cent reduction on each 1100 of
taxable values last year, gives Texas
the lowest ad valorem tax rate for
the two years of any administration
for 14 years.
The combined rate for the two
years of the present administration
was reduced to 47 cents and is 11
cents less than the preceding two
With a total rate of 64 cents, the
gross taxes collected next year will
be $25,442,619, of which $20,354,095
twill be net to the state,
f Action by the board was unani
mous. Following the meeting an ex
planatory statement was made public
signed by all three members, Gover
nor Dan Moody, State Treasurer W.
Gregory Hatcher and Comptroller S.
H. Terrell. Their statement said in
“The new rate of 22 cents will
yield sufficient revenue to meet the
expenses of the government and pay
the appropriations which have been
made to all institutions and depart
ments. The schools will receive a
$15 per capita apportionment for next
year as they did for this year. All
rural schools which qualify for aid
will receive a six month’s term as
they did this year.
Comptroller Terrell furnished the
figures on which the tax rate was
built. Hp showed that the estimates
reach $3,975,409,266. which means
that the final figures will go over
Church Women Join
In Anti-Smith Move
SAN ANTONIO. July 17.——
Member* of the San Antonir Prot
estant Women’s association joined
the ranks of Texas democratic
“bolters” when they decied to work
against the presidential candidacy of
Governor Smith of New York.
Mrs. George W. Jones, president
of the association, said the organi
zation includes 20,000 members who
are preparing an active campaign
against Smith and “undoubtedly for
Cases nn Docket
At least ten murder cases will he
on the docket for the September
term of the criminal district court,
which will convene Monday, Septem
ber 3, the greatest number in recent
years, court attaches state. The
docket contains several capital cases
arried over from the last term.
Indiations are that the number of
burglary cases will be about the
same at last term, with the number
of liquor cases running about the
A special term to trjf some of the
continued esses was suggested by
District Judge A. W. Cunningham,
prior to the close of the February
term, but later the decision was
reached to hold all cases over to the
regular September term.
HALT WATER SERVICE
Water service to certain districts
of the city was interrupted for sev
eral minutes Tuesdav afternoon
while a reoair crew worked on a
fire hydrant at Eleventh and Adams
Five Shots Fired
(Bv Associated Press)
MEXICO CITY, July 17.~General Alvaro
Obregon, president elect of Mexico, was shot
down by an assassin known as Juan Escapu
lario as he sat at a banquet in his honor at La
Bombilla restaurant at San Angel, near Mexico
City today. j
Obregon headquarters announced that the
general died almost instantly. The assassin
was captured and taken to jail.
Mexico City was thrown into the utmost ex
citement by news of the shooting. It was
thought in some circles that President Calles,
in view of the death of his successor, might con
tinue in office for another term.
The shooting took place shortly after two
o’clock this afternoon.
General Obregon’s body was apparently tak
en secretly to his home where late this after
noon a great crowd was gathering. For a block
on all sides of the house soldiers and police
were thrown out as guards and no one, not even
official, was permitted to enter.
The newspapers confirmed that General Ob
regon died almost instantly. He was shot by a
45 calibre pistol, and it is said five bullets en
tered his body from close range.
President Calles is said to have gone person
ally to police headquarters to interrogate the
assassin. Then he rushed to General Obregon’s
General Obregon’s assassin was a young
man, somewhere in his twenties.
Aaron Saenz, governor of the state of Nuevo
Leon, who sat beside General Obregon at the
banquet, was unhurt.
General Alvaro Obregon was elected presi
dent of Mexico in the Mexico national election
of July 1 and was to have assumed the presiden
cy on the first of December next.
General Obregon returned to Mexico Sun
day front his home in Sonora, his first visit to
the capital since his election to the presidency.
Tie was greeted bv one of the greatest politi
cal demonstrations that the capital has seen in
More than 50,000 persons, a great majority
of them Indians from the country wearing their
straw sombreros and pajama-like cotton suits
crowded the streets about the Obregon head
quarters from the balcony of which the presi
General Obregon said on this occasion:
“In Mexico there have always been two class
es, those who work and those who play. The
Mexico revolution was fought to give justice
to the poor who had always been oppressed.
The final triumph of the great family of work-,
ers was shown July 1 when the masses from
the north and from the south manifested their
unanimous desire fora continued realization of
the practical results of the Mexican revolution
Obregon had a reputation for personal brav
ery which he lived up to on many occasions.
He was wounded several times in action, lost
an arm in battle and attempts to assassinate
him had been made many times. j
TO COP STATE
FOR H. HOOVER
Speakers Say Nominee
Would Turn Ameri
ca Over to Liquor
Interests If Wins
DALLAS, July 17.——Terming
I Governor Alfred L. Smith’s promise
to point the way to modification of
| the liquor law- as treason, some 500
democrats of Texas meeting here to
; day organized a state-wide body to
fight the candidacy of the New York
governor and work “unceasingly for
the election of Herbert Hoover to
the presidency of the United States.”
About a dozen former democratic
leaders of the state, ministers and
| one Methodist bishop flayed Gover
nor Smith for his modification stand
and predicted that if he were elected
to the highest office in the land he
“would turn America over to the
Although declaring the United
States was facing one of the most
1 serious crises, the speakers were in
. accord in predicting the election of
Hoover. Speakers asserted that the
democratic party would suffer the
greatest defeat in its history and
predicted that more than 300,OOn
democrats would bolt the party in
Flays Leaders and Nominees
Perhaps the strongest indictment
of the meetings was that made by Dr.
J. W. Hunt of Abilene, president of
McMurray college, who declared that
the “vilest insult ever flung in the
face of southern people w*as the ac
tion taken by the national democrat
ic convention in Houston when it
nominated Governor Smith." He not
only delivered a tirade against
Governor Smith and the democratic
convention, but scathingly denounced
Senator Joe Robinson, democratic
nominee for the vice-presidency.
“Robinson went down there and
sold his name to the party for the
sake of a wet nomination and a wet
vote,” Dr. Hunt said.
Predicts Hoover Victory
“I had rather vote for A1 Smith
than Robinson. The Arkansas sen
ator will not get enough votes in
West Texas to line the inside of his
hst. Coin and corn is the shibboleth
now of the democrats.
“The Houston convention was a
damnable travesty on the name of
democracy ever pulled off in the
state. They say that they will put
us out of the party if we bolt the
ticket, but in November they* will
find they have no party." he shouted.
Dr. Hunt said that he had return
I ed trom a speaking tour of West Tex
as and asserted that his part of the
state would vote overwhelmingly for
A. Collins, former state senator,
was the “keynoter." He warned that
he w-as not speaking for any organ
ization, but merely expressing his
own views and beliefs as a citizen.
“But you must not lose sight of this
fact." Collins said, “we are gather
ed here to do but one thing—organ
ize a campaign for the defeat of A1
Smith and the election of Herbert
Hoover." He was interrupted by
Says Pledge Gone
Collins declared that he had been
a life-long democrat and had never
voted for a republican, but this was
one time he was going to break his
rule. He spoke of the democratic
pledge, which every democrat is re
quired to take—that he will support
the party nominee. “If that pledge
ever was legal, or if there is such •
pledge, it does not exist now,” Col
lins declared. “Smith repudiated the
democratic platform when he sent
(Continued on page eight.)
, T ...-■"r'
For Brownsville and the Valley:
Fair tonight and Wednesday.
For Fast Texas: G*o«rrMy fair to
night and Wednesday, except some
what unsettled in north portion
Wednesday; cooler in northwest por
Light to moderate southerly winds
on the coast.
There will be no material change
in the river during the next few
Flood Present 24 Hr. 24 Hr.
Stage Stage Chng. Rain
Eagle Pass .. 16 2.1 -O.t .(Ml
Laredo . 27 -0.8 -0.1 .00
Rio Grande .. 21 4.4 -0.0 .00
Mission . 22 4.0 +0.3 .0(1
San Benito ,. 23 6.9 0.0 .00
| Brownsville . 18 2.0 -0.5 .00
Note: The river stages in the V 1
; ley are apparently affected more or
less at present by pumpirg for i-ri
High and low tide at Point Isabel
tomorrow, under norma! meteorolog
High .~. 6:24 a. m.
Low . 10:38 p. m.
i Sunset today ......7:24
I Sunrise tomorrow .. s:4J
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