®ie Hnramsufllr Herald
Established July 4, 1892
Entered as second-class matter in tha Postoffiee
THEE BROWNSVILLE HERALD PUBLISHING
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for publication of all news dispatches credited to it or
not otherwise credited in this paper, and also the local
news published herein.
TEXAS DAILY PRESS LEAGUE
Foreign Advertising Representatives
Dallas, Texas, 612 Mercantile Bank Building.
Chicago, 111., Association Building.
Kansas City. Mo., Interstate Building.
New York, 350 Madison Avenue.
Tammany, a name which to millions of Americsti
voters is synonymous with all that is evil in politics,
is the oldest political and social organization in Amer
ica. During the 156 years it has been in existence it
has passed through all the virissitudes to which a po
litical organization could be heir. It has survived ad
versity and prosperity, and is today the strongest
local political organization in the United States, despite
the unsavory record attained during the years when
“Boss" Tweed prostituted it by using the organization
as a medium through which he levied tribute upon the
taxpayers of New York to the extent of hundreds of
millions of dollars.
Tammany was not originally a New York organiza
tion. It was founded in Philadelphia in 1772, deriving
its name from the Indian chieftain who ceded the state
of Pennsylvania to William Penn in 1683. The New
York Tammany society was founded in 1*86, and the
first “hall" was erected in 1811 and was the head
quarters of the war party in New York. The founders
were referred to as “a few genuine whigs." In 1790
its purposes were defined as “a political institution
founded on a strong republican basis whose democratic
principles will serve to correct the aristocracy of our
Governor Alfred Smith, now a sachem of Tammany,
has had some noble company. George Washington oc
cupied that exalted position in the Richmond, Va., so
ciety, and records in his diary having attended the
Tammany celebration in that city in 1785. Andrew
Jackson was proud of his membership in the Tammany
organization, as was also Samuel J. Tilden, elected
president by the democrats in 1876, and counted out
by the republicans. Other leaders whose names are
prominent in history and who were members of i.ie
patriotic organization include August Belmont, Aaron
Burr, Edward Livingston, C. D. Golden, George and
DeWitt Clinton, Dudley Field Malone, William Bourke
Cochrane, David Bunnett Hill, and others who took
a leading part in New York and national history.
Tammany was almost disrupted in 1872 by “Boss"
Tweed, who prostituted the organization for personal
gain, but the organization was saved by ‘"Honest”
John Kelly and Samuel J. Tilden, then a sachem. Un
der Kelly and Tilden it became a combined political
and social organization, Americanization and education
of the great mass of aliens in the city of New York be
ing its main objective, a work in which it has been
artive over half a century.
In 1881 Tammany opposed the nomination of Grover
Cleveland, but carried the city for him in the gen
eral election. In 1888 Cleveland again carried the city.
In 1892. the famous contest between Blaine and Cleve
land split the New York republican camp, and Tam
many with the aid of Senator Conklin carried the
state and city.
The service rendered the south during the days of
reconstruction is one of the brightest spots in the his
tory of the Tammany organization. Despite the "graft"
of "Boss” Tweed in the early 70’s, Tammany vigorously
demanded justice for the south, and with the passing
of Tweed and the elevation of Kelly and Tilden to
control the influence of the powerful organization was
an important factor in securing recognition of south
The success of Samuel J. Tilden. Tammany sachem,
who defeated the republican candidate for president in
the national election, hut was counted out by throw
ing out the southern vote, was the turning point. It
indicated to republican leaders the national protest
against persecution of the south and a policy of con
ciliation was immediately adopted.
Governor Smith need offer no apologies for the po
sition he holds as sachem of the oldest political or
ganization in America, an organiztion formed to pro
tect Americn liberties, and which, though it has occa
sionally fallen into the hands of dishonest leaders, to
day occupies the same premier position among polit
ical organizations that it occupied over a century ago.
Report Plane Shortage
American airplane manufacturers cannot maintain
pace with the demand, according to icports filed with
the U. S. department of commerce which indicate that
in practically every airplane factory 21-hour schedule*
are being maintained in the effert to meet the
No better criterion of American “air consciousness"
can be obtained, department officials state, than the
record of the manufacturers.
The demand for planes, the department finds, has
caught the industry unprepared. Companies are
spurting in production and expanding their plant*.
Output of commercial airplanes is now approximately
5P0 per month, or about one-sixth of the total no.v
flying in the United States.
The larger manufacturers are hastily erecting
plants, increasig their capital and making prepara
tions to expand the induhtry tremendously within the
nextx year. Production of expansions last year have
bean passed by orders received by practically all con
cerns, and trey are skeptical as to their ability to
equalize production with demand within the next two
The monthly rate of 500 machines means annual
production of 6.000. but the 12-month record this year
will be greatly in excess of that amount. Department
of commerce engineers are confident that before the
end of the year production will range between 700 and
R00 machines per month, with a total of at least 1.000
per month reached early in 1929.
The government is taking advantage of the oppor
tunity to tighten up on its safety regulation. To thi.
end the requirements for approved-type certificates
have been made more rigid. All airplanes to be built
after October 1 must have this certificate, which is
expected to result in better construction methods and
more durable machines.
Many states are adopting the federal standards for
airplanes, but a few have not done so. In the latter
states the federal authority is exercised by the de
partment's refusal to permit a licensed aviator to
drive an unlicensed machine, and this ruling is also
expected to have a very salutary effect in connection
with making air traffic safer and more popular.
j Oftk«ir lP&p®rs
TO MARKET FROM ORCHARD AND GARDEN
The Bureau of Railway Economics is distributing
a study of the movement of fruits and vegetables by
rail last year. The conclusion it comes to is that the
facts of that traffic render high tribute to the rail
roads as efficient carriers. And the conclusion seems
to be warranted. For one of the facts presented is
that the movement of fresh fruits and vegetable, last
year was practically twice what it was ten year. ago.
and such a growth in those industries testifies to the
efficiency of our rail transportation system. There
is no industry to which rapid transportation *s quite
so indispensable as it is to the fruit and vegetable
growing industries; and not only because they are
highly perishable, but also because they have to fare
far to find markets that will absorb them.
Last year, it is stated, rail shipments of the eigh
teen principal fresh fruits and vegetables amounted to
906.192 carloads. Of these 65 per cent, or 604.411
carloads, were unloaded in sixty-six markets. But not
quite all the fruits and vegetables so carried were of
domestic production; over 20.000 carloads were of for
eign production. These were chiefly onions from Spain
and Egypt, tomatoes from Mexico, white potatoes from
Canada, grapefruit and oranges from Porto Rico and
lemons from Italy. Of the domestic products carried
to the 66 principal markets, white potatoes were first
in volume, followed in the order named by grapes,
oranges, apples, lettuce, cantaloupes, watermelons,
onions, cabbage and tomatoes. These ten products
made more than 80 per cent of the tonnage of fresh
fruits and vegetables unloaded in those 66 markets.
To these 66 markets. California made the largest
shipments. Of the 583,981 carloads unloaded in them
last year, 183,609 carloads came from that state, making
the percentage 31.4 of the whole. Florida was second,
with 10.2 per cent and then comes New York, Virginia,
Maine. Washington, Georgia, Texas (whose percentage
of the total was 2.6), Idaho, Colorado and Michigan.
How nearly th >se fifteen states share monopoly of
those 66 markets is shown by the statement that the
33 other states supplied them with less than one-hun
dred of one per cent to one and one-half per cent each
of their receipts.
California was first in supplying the 66 markets
with grapes, pears, plums, prunes, lemons (all of whi^h
came from that state), oranges, cantaloupes and let
tuce; Florida in supply grapefruit, celery and toma
toes; Georgia in supply peaches and watermelons:
Washington in supply apples; North Carolina in sup
plying strawberries; New York, cabbage; Indiana,
onions; Maine, white potatoes, and Virginia, sweet
potatoes. In these markets, Texas seems not to have
established primacy for any of the several products
which it shipped to them.
FEDERAL JOBS ON THE AUCTION BLOCK
(Chicago Daily News).
That in some southern states federal jobs have
been “placed on the auction block,” to use the words
of the judiciary committee of the United States senate,
long has been notorious. The magnitude and the ram
ifications of this scandalous condition have attracted
remarkably little attention in the past. Now the ef
forts of federal grand juries in Mississippi and the in
vestigations of a senate subcommittee headed by Mr.
Norris of Nebraska bid fair to throw much light on
the old abuse.
In Biloxi, Mias., Perry W. Howard, special assistant
attorney general in Washington and republican nation
al committeeman for his state, has been indicted, with
other persons less prominent, on the charge of selling
federal patronage. Upon the guilt or innocence of par
ticular persons awaiting trial no opinion can be ex
pressed with any degree of propriety. It may be said,
however, that numerous politicians, high and low, in
the south are involved in the corrupt practice of pot
ting postmasterships, collectorships and other federal
positions on the auction block. Money has been de
manded and paid. The pretense of some witnesses ex
amined by the senate subcommittee that federal em
ployes have made regular but strictly voluntary pay
ments—varying in Georgia, from $8 to $12.50 monthly
—to local partisan committees, or treasurers, is too
transparent to deceive anybody. The situation in Mis
sissippi is understood to be particularly shameful.
In most of the southern states the local republican
organizations, small, but by no means select, subsist
on federal patronage. There is systematic co-opera
tion between them and certain democratic members of
congress. The sale and purchase of jobs readily might
have been exposed and stopped years ago by congress
men from the south, for the practice has existed ever
since reconstruction days.
It is high time for the abuse to be eradicated. The
federal department of justice sent Mrs. Willebrandt,
an assistant attorney general, to Mississippi to aid the
grand juries in obtaining evidence against traffickers
in jobs. The investigations should continue until the
whole system of lawless barter is laid bare. This is
essential to the formation of a decent political align
ment in the south.
WURZBACH IS FOR HOOVER
While Mr. Wurzbach was opposed to having the
Texas republican organization instructed for Mr.
Hoover, the Seguin congressman makes it clear in r.
message to The News that he has never contemplated
bolting the republican party and that he is satisfied
with the Hoover-Curtis ticket. There is nothing in
consistent in that attitude. Mr. Wurzbach is a stal
wart republican. Indeed, he regards himself as the
truer representative of the party in this state than the
faction which has complete control of the patronage of
the G. 0. P. in Texas.
The occasion of Mr. Wurzbaeh’s statement to The
News is the publication of Mr. Knott's cartoon sho e
ing the indorsement of the democratic plntfotm by botl
the Texas democrats and the Wurzbach republicans.
The cartoon itself finds its genesis in the report from
Fort Worth in which Mr. O'Hara, who led the fight for
the seating of the Wurzbach delegates, and Bill Mc
Donald, republican negro leader associated with him
in the battle, declared that the so-called Wurzbacn
faction would bolt the republican ticket. The congress
man takes the view that the use of the term “Wurzbach
faction" implies that he himself is a bolter. It may
be debatable whether Mr. O’Hara can speak for that
faction. Certainly he can not speak for Mr. Wurzbach.
But the O'Hara statement was in the nature of as
sertion of personal belief that most of the adherents
of Mr. Wurzbach would vote against the ticket sup
ported by the Creager-Nolte faction.
The News concedes Mr. W'urzbach's position and
party loyalty, but believes it would be difficult to
identify the voters O'Hara and McDonald meant to de
scribe by the use of any other term than that under
which they were grouped in the Kansas City fight, and
that is “the Wurzbach faction.”
Sure; you can get rich without an education as
Ford ind Edison did, if you’re a Ford or an Edison.—
San Francisco Chronicle.
We've heard of dancing, swimming, running, eat
ing. and sitting marathons, but as yet no one has sug
gested anything like a working marathon.—Atchison
As the politicians see it, the farm problem is how
i to win the farm vott.—Virginian-PiloW
FORTUNATELY OESS SHARKEY HAD A
RAKE IN HIS HAND, IN STEAD OF THE
LAWN MOWER.,WHEN THAT YOUNO SAP
CALL/NO ON SUSJE FEATHER, STARTED
TOOT/NO HIS HORN AOA/ml
- _ ii
* U Qnn cunut r»iM MA.MC
The newspapers were generous to Janet.
Fall wended its way into winter,
and Broadway was white with snow.
Ballard saw Janet two or three times
They dined and went to Sunday
night concerts when Janet was not
working in the show. Her heart was
heavy with uncertainty. Why was
he seeing her so much if he did not
care for her? And why was he so
determined not to show his feelings
She had laughed their “petting
! party" off too-purposely. Just to
; show him it meant nothing to her to
park the car and steal a few kisses
in the moonlight. Every time she
| had seen him she had tried to be
I light hearted and shew him how
frivolous she could be about things
He was gay, too, hut she thought
his efforts to appear so a little forced
Day by day the mystery deepened.
Did he have someone else? The
thought came to her like a shock.
Could he he married? But she
laughed it off as impossible. Ballard
Riley a married man! Nonsense.
The newspapers were generous to
Janet. Two or three times a week
there was a picture of her. with a
clever caption under it. And some
times a story about her. A wild
story about how she came from
Paris and six months before could
scracely speak English.
For Christmas Ballard gave her a
tiny watch that hung around her
neck. It was shaped like a ball, and
studded with tiny diamonds. Janet
was breathless with surprise and
happiness. She sent Mr. and Mrs.
Elmer a big box filled with expensive
gifts, and received from them a box
of home-made goodies and a little
She could not resist «ending Flavin
a card. Poor Flavia. She had missed
her so. Sir Henry, who had been
very devoted to Janet in a fatherly
sort of way, told her that Flavia had
not been well—that she had been
under the care of a doctor and really
looked quite ill.
Sympathetic Janet could not hear
to think of Flavia being sick. Re
membering only her kindness, she snt
down and sent her a card with a ten
der little message.
“I am so sorry you are not well,
dear. Won’t you let bygones he
bygones, and let me come to see
Flavia telephoned the next dav and
invited Janet . to her New Year’s
party. She laughed the Putty inci
dent off. and told her she hadn’t seen
him since—that she had given him
the air. plenty.
Ballard had gone away during the
holidays to visit his sister in Florida,
and Janet was free to go to Flavia’s
party. Fhe thought it would he
great fun to he in on one of Flarin'*
j affairs again.
Flavia met her at the door and
! kissed her tenderly. Janet held her
“Oh. Flavia. dear. I've missed you
so. And have you seen mv show?"
She drew her into her boudoir and
“Have I? I've seen it three times.
You are marvelous. If it hadn’t been
j for my darned old silly pride, I’d
j have called you long ago."
t Janet put her arms round Flavia
and shook her head. The noise of a
party at a hilarious stage came to
‘You sillv girl. Keally. I told tne
truth. I didn't expect Putty. Be
sides. I'm so in love you don't need
"Jan**t," Flavia put her arm* nhout
her. ‘I have a little surprise for you
-n belated Christmas surprise. 1
hope vou will he pleased."
“Oh!” Janet shook her head nega
tively. ‘Vow. Flavia. I don't want
vou to give me anything Just want
to he friends again—”
“Oh. it's nothing." Flavia nut her
h*nd ovevr her mouth to stifle her
protests. ‘Nothing right now. But
listen. You know. I have plenty of
money, and not a soul in the world
to leave it to."
Suddenly Flavia turned white—hut
squared her shoulder*.
"Janet, dear. T am not going to live
J:>net gave a sohhing l’ttle erv and
buried her fare on Flavin's shoulder.
“Oh. darling, don't say that. T—
can't hear it!"
But Flavia lifted her head and
ftpi ' ’ .
"Oh. it’s all right: we mu~* all go
some time. 1 am nayine the piner,
honey. Too much life and not enough
common sense. I don't mind. You
see. there is really nothing for me
to live for."
Janet thought of Futtv. Could
Flavia possibly still love that young
rotter? She wa« helpless in her
grief. Flavia held her as «be would
her own daughter, and smiled brave
“Yes. honev. I'm not for the ex
citing old world. And the funny
part i«, f don’t mind. But what I
started out to tell you. dear, is—to
morrow I am going to m»ke mv will
in vour favor. T still have about
half a million, and it will all he
Jar.et burst into tears.
"Oh. Flavia. I can't bear this.
Why. they must be mistaken. You
aren’t going to die!^ And why are
you so i t»od to me?’
Flavia smiled a sweet, motherly
"Because I love you. honey, and
because I want you to study and
improve that glorious vioce of yours.
I could die happily if I knew you
would He a real grand opera star
some day—and that my paltry dol
lars had given you to the world."
Here her voice broke.
"You see. because l have never
given anvthir.g worth while to it
;.nd I owe the old globe something."
Flavia. facing death like that.
Janet was amazed. Suddenly *ehe
smiled through her tears.
"Oh. Flavia. I don’t believe you
will go—not for years and years
yet. Doctors are always saying
foolish things like that.’’
Flavia wnntH Jnnet to enjoy her
evening. She lifted her up and kiss
ed her cheek.
"All right. 1 don’t believe It
either. Do you think I’d be giving
a party if I did. Forget it. darling.
We'll go in and have a good time.
But 1 wanted you to know that I
have remembered you. and that we
have been friends after all. Don't
think about it.”
Jar.et held Flavia to her. and
pushed the white hair back from
her pale’ face, ns Lotus F lower
came in. She was evidently ex
"Missee, someone at the door to
see you. He won’t come in. Say
he want to see if he welcome first.”
Flavia suddenly brightened. Janet
wondered if it could be Putty. She
sincerely hoped not. Without a
word. Flavia hurried out of the room
and Lotus F’lower smiled at Janet.
“Lotus happy vou here again.
Where you been?”
"Oh.” Janet drew herself up and
laughed. "I’m a h g actress now,
and I'm very busy.”
“Me see picture in piper. Lotus
S iddenlv Lotus' expression chant
ed. and she made a little face.
"Lotus not lika Mr. Putty. He
come for see Missee Flavia.’’
Just as Janet feared. But at that
moment Havin rushed in. She
couldn’t hide the nappiness in her
“Oh. Janet, it wns Putty! I hope
you don't mind. It's New Year's, so
I forgave him and invited him in.”
Janet caught herself at once, and
"Why not? I'm sure it was just
the thing to do. Flavia.”
In a way she was glad that he had
come back to Flavia. for she knew
Flavia cared. With trembling fin
gers Flavia stood before the mirror
and put rouge on her face and
flu! fed uer hair. How excited she
was. Her voice was shaking, and
her eyes that had looked so dull
were beginning to sparkle.
J 'net dreaded seeing Putty. She
dis! ked him so much she was afraid
that if he came near her she would
slap his putty-like face. She hated
him for the unhappiness ho had
brougnt Flavia. And because he had
not been man enough to tell the
truth when Flavia had found him in
her studio the day he dropped in.
Janet looked into the hall, and
saw Putty, waiting.
Telling Flavia she wanted to look
“P *s'r Henry, she strolled into the
studio so that they might he alone
She was greeted with a mad yell,
and Sir Henry pushed a highball into
her hand. It was ten minutes before
tho New Year, and the revelers were
wild with excitement. Janet took
the highball* but she had no inten
tion of drinking.
She was sitting on a divan, talk
ing with Fir Henry, when she look
ed up and saw Putty standing in
the doorway, his eyes glued to her.
" hen he mov^d toward her she sent
Fir Henry a wild look. Ahnv«» every
thing on earth. «he wanted Putty
Bigelow to stav away.
And she rnuld tell from the look
in his eyes that that was just what
he did not intend to do.
Janet had a premonition of trou
ble. How could she escape? If it
was her last evenirg on earth, she
made up her mind that Flavia should
not be made unhappy bv Putty again
because of her.
(TO BE CONTINUED)
MISSION. July 2S.—The city has
purchased a new one-man motor pa
trol tractor and grader outfit the past
wee!;. This machine will he put in
use immediately, as many of the out
side streets are in poor condition
and need grading, which the ante
dated equipment has been unable to
s Eugene Permanent Wave — $7.50
French Marcel or Maa Murray
PERMANENT WAVE SHOP
3 Miles North of San Benito on Hiway
—- , '
The Pioneer Concrete Pipe Manufacturers
Gulf Concrete Pipe Co. \
Valley plant location on Address Inquiries to
Highway at Sugar Mill P. O. Box 1051
Spur near Brownsville Brownsville j
I IF IT HAS VALUE I CAN
SELL IT AND GET TFC
San Benito, Texas
-- - -—-——————TMWkJ
Watch Us Grow!
Figures tell the simple story
Deposits Dec. 31st, 1927.$2,566,487.39
Deposits Feb. 28th, 1928 .. . $3,054,827.42
Deposits June 30th, 1928 .... $3,304,134.50
Cash on hand Dec. 31st, 1927 .$1,157,788.73
Cash on hand Feb. 28th, 1928 .$1,576,070.84
Cash on hand June 30th, 1928 $1,587,820.43
THE FASTEST GROWING BANK IN
Make this bank, your bank
First National Bank
“THE FRIENDLY BANK”
111 As the Hub Jly
• ■ I II | |
.I of an extensive territory with *
ij.iijl great possibilities for commer- l*!!!!1 ^
cial. horticultural and agricul
jj’Ijjj tural development, Brownsville ;
ill II' naturally has many advantages I1 j
»for expansion of her many ac- l’| Ilf
( tivities, and needs diversified |||11|
i!!|m banking service. I lMl»
iMji i'h m>
I'lljJ The Merchants’ National Bank lll.i'f
jjj'jjl perfects its service with this I ll(l|
great community’s varied re- |'ij.*'(
Iljjjij quirements in mind. Here
jiljiij wholesalers and retailers, peo- »
iJJ.J'j pie who work in office or shop,
ranchers, tourists, all find com- 1'iii i
plete and conservative banking Ih'l I
service painstakingly rendered. |!|i ||
BR.OWNSVILLE - -TEXAS
i iJit *
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