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SOCIALISM IN NEW PENSIONS Conservative Party Approves of Old Age Funds; Many Bene ■lting Now Tnv ®y BATES RANEY *^NDON, Nov. 10.-(tf*)-Great * ln • trend toward socialism has n brought into sharp relief by the Beat?««at|V* party’8 approval of state •Id os for all persons over 65 years .'eyecal classes of people in Eng t*> ar* already entitled to certain li *?na* maintenance at tho expense j , K°vernment and the tendency steadily to increase the number of rx°n5 receiv,"C such benefits. *. i ,, among these benefits is the aoie which give sunemployed per tn" tin Week,y wage ranging from $5 Y” The amount is frequently to all that the unemployed per son could «arn when working full time. Ibo poor law guarantees every wtitute person the legal light to *°od, shelter and clothing at the ex P*»,.e of the state. . Jhere is a state sickness benefit Jot those who are out of work through illness. Wives in confinement are assured c * state maternity benefit. when a man and his wife reach oo years of age they are assured of the old age pensions if they are •ut of employment. The government even pays for the £ divorces of poor people who could Bot otherwise get legal relief. The new plan of pensions for all ■t 65 is designed as a solution for the unemployment problem.. Nearly 1,HM',000 people are out of work in England today. The pension at 65 Ides is to force elder persons out of competitive employment to make room for younger people. At the proposed pension of $7.50 ■ week this new benefit will, when Jut into effect, cost the government 1,200,000,000 a year, rising to a peak Of $2,000,000,000 in 1936. This plan, advanced by the Tories, ia certain to have the support of the Liberal and Labor parties. It comes at a time when the gov ernment has just discovered that it is $125,250,000 in debt for ‘•doles,” that is, the amount contributed in stamps by workers and employers, which totals about 25 cents a week for each worker, toward the unemployment fund, is that much short. Some idea of the immense drain on the British treasury can be ob tained from official figures on the various benefits. So far in 1928 the relief given under the poor law has gone to 852,000 individuals. In 1914 the figure for the whole year was 481, 000 persons. There are at the present moment 15,000,000 persons in England of the wage-earning class protected at the expense of the government "from 111 halth, accident, unemployment, old age, life insurance imposed or fur nished by the state. ..... Each week more than 1.125.000 aid age pensions are paid. This in cludes widows between the ages of 65 and 70, another class just recently nut on the government payroll to the •xtent of about $2.50 a week for each of them for the rest of their lives. There are nearly 450.000 per sons of this class drawing govern mental compensation. Britain’s bill for war pensions is also a heavy burden to the Exchequer. One person out of every twenty^six in England is drawing a war pension. This mskes a total of 1.665.000 in dividuals who draw this kind of re Of this number. 25.000 are ofJi cers or enough to administer the whole standing »rmv of the J ilted 1.100 nurses. 489.500 men. 482.000 widows and Parents. 180.000 wives, and 481.000 children._ Clubs Offer To Train Aviators For C. America TAVPA, Fla. Nov. 10.— (/PI—Friend ly relations between Central America and tha United States and interest in aviation are fostered in an offer of local civic organisations to train as aviators free of cost seven young natives representing the ***** "“‘ I tions which comprise Centrnl Amar ( The proposal is now in the hands | of the department of state at \V ash ,,'aob. and Secretary Kellogg has b^n ashed to transmit through con sular agents an invitation to presi dents of the seven republics to select a representative among the people of each to be brought here and given • course in aviation. The only provisions laid down j were that the young men must have the equivalent of a high school edu ction: have a knowledge of the • rgHsh language and have passed adequate physical examinations Their onlv expense will he the cost of transportation. It has hern sug -tsted that the selection be made Cy competitive tests conducted by their respective governments. Capt. A. B. McMullen, World war veteran formerly in the government firing service and now in charge of th* municipal air field here, has been selected to take charee of the training courses, which will include the regular primary course and post graduate courses in advanced flying , * Rep. H. J. Dranc of Lakeland, who : -re«ented the suggestion to the state department, believes that "this will do more to create good feeling be tween our country and the republics the south than any other thing ; wa could do. The instructors will i tum out one competent aviator for a-rh nation and thus advance the rtuse of aviation to a marked de r**"_ FREE OF DEBT. PARAGUAY ** EXPFCTS to float loan BUENOS AIRES, Nov. 10.—0PV- j Accord between Paraguay and Ar gentina over cancellation of a war 1 debt on which nothing has beet „Iid in « ye*1’* *nd which no* ,mounts, with interest, to around ei 000 000 has awakened hopes in | Paraguay of obtaining loans in New York or London for the develop- ; I-rt of natural resources. The 10.000.000.000 peso loan was | . considerable burden upon the Lnettayan*. as the population of Sihtlv over 1.000.000 was fin.sn "w unable to piv it. Previously flL.f found difficulty in oh- j a loa be aase Argentina lijl* prior claim for the war debt, j Ruth Elder’s Husband Is Man’s Man; Is Oiler on Byrd’s Ship Lyle Womack, above; Ruth Elder, his wife, as New Y'ork welcomed (Special Cable to Central Press) DUNEDIN, New Zealand. Nov. 10.— When the fleet of the Byrd Antarc tic expedition pulls anchor at this jumping off place and heids down to the bottom of the world, it will be just another adventure for its 1 commander. It may turn out to be his groates—if all goes well by July* 10J0—but still, it will be but one of many achievements. But down in the engine room of the barquentine City of New York will be r.n oiler to whom the adven ture means more than to all the rest. For the stake before him is strictly personal. It is his chance to prove that he is a man's man — and not merely a woman's husband. He hopes to convince an unkind world that he ran stand evaluation on his own merits; and he v ill snow his wifo (who has been stealing the family spotlight) that heroics in the family need not be one-sided. Te man is Lyle Womack—hereto fore known chiefly as Ruth Elder’s husband. Or.ce they were happy to gether. But the lady made a daring attempt to fly the Atlantic, and came hack a world heroine. In the excitement of the return, sho forgot to kiss h*r husband— after he had traveled all the way from Panama to New Y’ork to greet her. It was the first snap. .Then came others. The lady wouldn't go hack to the Canal Zone, where her hus band was working. She went into vaudeville instead. And he went home—alone. Her name was blazoned forth in headlines. He received a one-line no tice in ship news. But Womack was too big for jeal ousy. He was retiring during all the public demonstrations for his wife. He was proud of her acclaim. At any rate, Womack was out of the picture—until announcement came of his starting a divorce ac tion. He had spent more than 20 of his 26 years in tho tropics. Through out the Canal Zone he was known Modern Chinese Are Cold Toward Sage Confucius NANKING, Nov. 10.—(Jp)—Confu cianism, under the nationalist re gime, has lost its last claim to be the state religion of China. The Nanking government has de creed that nothing be done to pre vent veneration to the memory and teachings of the great sage, but the old influnce of Confucius has crumbled under the weight of mod ernistic nationalism. This summary of Nanking's atti tude toward the ancient faith and code which has moulder Chinese thought and conduct for more tnan -.000 years was given the Associ Press by a direct descendant of t onfucious who is also a member nationalist government. He is Dr. H. H. Kung (Kung Hsiang hsi) of the seventy-fifth generation J" direct line from the Sage, whose ’ hinese name was Kung Fu-txu. Dr Kung, alumnus of Oberlin and t ale universities, is minister of in dustry and commerce and, while Proud of his Confucian lineage, is a » hristian. “Many persons, especially abroad, erroneously conceive of Confucian ism as a religion," said Dr. Kung. < onfuciamsm actually is a code of philosophy, a standard of ethical conduct for which no claim is made of divine or supernaeural sanction. However, the policy of the nation alist government is complete reli gious freedom and toleration, and we shall do nothing to interfere with those who still worship Con fucius. “Certainly we shall do nothing to cast disrespect on the memory of his great man. who is venerated as the Great Sage and teacher of the Chinese people." '*****»»»»»«»«» —.......prffrf f t W. P MONTGOMERY 7 Al girney at Law J President Hidalgo Guarantee '! Abstract Company Edinburg State Bank Bldg., j Edinburg Co Seat HidalgoOo ]|i veeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeee, ' ns a regular fellow a he-man. But in tho outside world, people smiled benignly. It got under his skin. But what could he do? * He was working at Port Cristo bal, Panama, driving a baggage truck. The first of the Byrd ships ‘came through enroute to the Pacific. The hunch came in n flash. He went aboard, saw Captain Melville, found that there was an oiler short, applied—and got the job. He gave up a $2,200 salary to earn tho 12 cents a year that tho trip will pny. But what of it? It isn t money that counts with him. It's the bigg.'st thing in the world—a man’s pride. "The fire room is pretty hot,” he says. *’But it won’t be so bad in the Antarctic.” Hot or cold. Womack is on the job —as chipper as tho commander him self. The divorce action will have to rest until his return. By that time the world may be turning new focus- and maybe Ruth Hder some day will be glad to be known Rs Lyle Womack's wife. RIVAL CHIEFS TELL SECRETS OF THE MARNE _ I Foch and Ludendorff Are Joint Authors Of New Book Tell ing of World War BY THOMAS T. TOPPING (Associated Press Staff Writer.) PARIS, Nov. 10.—(/P>—Marshal Jof fre, the former crown prince of Ger many, Marshal Foch and General Eric Ludendorff are the joint authors of a remarkable book just published in Paris. Victors and vanquished fight ever again the two battles of the Marne, 1914 and 1918, and tell the world how it happened. Free from bombast on the part of the victorious Joffre and Foch, the story of the defeated crown prince and Ludendorff is told in a simple, dignified way, without alibis and with no little pride. Joffre surrenders the entire credit —the only thing Papa Joffre ever surrendered—for victory in 1914 to the “poilu,” the “admirable French soldier” The crown prince puts the defeat sqLarely up to Count von Moltke, chief of the German general staff. He seeks no excuses for the German soldier rather extols him. Foch pays a splendid tribute to the American doughboy and prac tically writes that without the in tervention of the valorous American armies the war could not have been won. Ludendorff, while blaming the weak policy of civilian statesmen at Berlin for the collapse of the Ger man army, says that with the “entry into the line of a million Americans, fresh, young and ardent for combat, the result became inevitable.” Joffre writes: “It had been said that while the French soldier was second to none in intelligence, cour age and energy, he larked patience. The world believed that after a long retreat his morale would be shaken and he would not respond to the or | der of resuming the offensive. I nev I or hesitated before those considera tions. Discipline, abnegation and courage of th« French aoldier won the first battle of the Marne." The crown prince has this to say: “Upon Count General von Moltke must directly fall the responsibility for the terrible and formidable trag edy of the Marne. So little faith had he in hia own star that he re mained in that little red brick school at Luxemburg throughout the battle, and it was impossible for him to re main in contact with the troops in the field." Foch. the most graphic writer of the military quartet, says that the American “valorous troops played a decisive part in ending and winning the war.” Referring to the creation of the “unique command” under him self Foch says: “Pershing arrived at my headquarters and with a gen erosity which I shall never forget, said: ‘All we have is yours, use it as you see fit.’ That settled the day.” Concerning actual fighting Foch continues: “The advance of the Americans was irresistible. In less than two days all the objectives as signed to them were reached: 13,000 prisoners. 450 guns, remained in their hands. For the first battle of a new and young army that was a master stroke. The moral effect was consid erable. It could not help but make a tremendous impression upon the German general staff and spread discouragement among German sol diers.” yig—iifaiEbki WAR SECRETARY’S SON TAKES UP AVIATION CLEVELAND, Nov. 10.—(JPh-It is no figurative language that Newton D. Baker. Ill, eon of the former secretary of war, has ventured forth from the home nest to try his wings. The 21-year-old son of Newton D. Baker, who directed the wer depart ment during the World war, has taken many an airplane ride since h.s first one during the war when he was eleven. He ia learning to operate a plane and hopes to follow aviation. Young Baker has worked in the Glenn F. Martin airplane plant and studied aviation some time with F. E. Loudy. former staff engineer at the Martin factory. The youth has a distaste for avia tion school advertisements that call for “daring young men.” Flying is i not a field for daring achievements, he believes, demanding practical de I votees, who realise its commercial | possibilities. STUDY SAND AND GRAVEL WASHINGTON. Nov. 10.—(>P)—An increase of more than 100 per cent in sand and gravel production in the United States during the past six years has caused the Bureau ef Mines to make a study of the various factors upon which the success of sand and gravel enterprises depends. It la pointed out that the eaae with which new operations may be atarted ia conducive to the undertaking of unprintable projecta. !! ‘Sirco’ Southern Iron & Machine Co. (Incorporated ) San Benito, Texas 11 * ;! i Largest and Most Complete Shop in Southeast Texas Complete stock of steel and shapes— Electric and acetylene welding— General and specialized machine work. ![ Manufacturers of Simco Screw Lift Irrigation !; Gates !; 5 - San Benito Mrs. Myra Oliver Dougan Buys Her Fruits, Vegetables, Meats and Groceries mmm Better Groceries psamaiaH For The Brownsville Herald We only handle Groceries that are better than usual— Free Cooking School in fact ours are the best you can buy. Wholesome food- 8 stuffs productive of tasty enjoyable meals—that’s what you pet here. Low prices like these, are our usual ones. Our lines of better foods, nationally advertised, caused Mrs. Dougan to select this store as her official gro cery. You, too, will appreciate the better things to eat, and our better service. Call in person, or telephone your orders. Either way, you will be delighted with the foods you get here. Yes—we deliver * KEEPS L ' A |lfek . MRS. MYRA OLIVER DOIIGAN Uses and Recommends rih«j01de*t Dooe#ilc Electric <\e frige rat lor* III Mrs. Dougan will tell you that it is important to refrigerate food during the changeable weather of fall and spring and winter. See the Kelvinator Wnt Brouinsufllt Herald Free Cooking School November 12 to 16 «ns» * — Inclusive Session 2:30 Daily Kelvinators are on display at our store, 1106 Elizabeth street. Kelvin ators are always on the job, reliable and trusty—saves food, flavor and money. Q A week end without worry ome The roads are wonderful now for a week-end trip. Just load up your Kelvinator with good things—have everything ready for a good meal on your return. No worry, no spoilage, no waste. With Kelvinator’s brine or freezing tank you have complete assurance of steady, reliable “cold that keeps”. Continuous refrigeration for a full 24-hours even if the electricity should be cut off temporarily for any rea son during your absence. You cannot afford to be without this extra protection. With all its ad vantages, Kel vinator is sur prisingly low’in price. You can get tfce steel clad *SeaItitc” Cabinet Kel vinator for $210 installed! A beautiful cabinet—all steel ex terior — seamless metal food compartment—56'/8 inches high —26/4 inches w ide—22!4 inches deep—good for a lifetime. Our convenient payment plan makes it unnecessary to delay a ■ moment. Stop in at our dis play rooms today. See the line of beautiful Cabinet Kelvinators, and learn how the Kelvinator can be install* £ ed in your present refriger* gCj ator, if you already have a good one. An expert will call if you phone. C**I might give you one instance of what ^ Kelvinator has m*ant to me. I bought on Wednesday a large turkey for the following Sunday dinner. Because of a change in our plans 1 did not use it until a week from that Sunday. Then It was cooked and served and the remainder put back into the Kelvinator. ! used the last of it just three weeks later. By being able to keep it, I did not have to serve the turkey every day but was able to alternate with other things.” (Name on Request.) I he W. H. rutegnat Company B™r"