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Brownsville herald. [volume] (Brownsville, Tex.) 1910-current, April 24, 1930, Image 1

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| — rTS'S- - | WATER WORKS '
| mf An of our work is roarantrrd. SYSTEMS FOB
COVMTBY HOMES
Enjoy City Comfort
On Tks Farm
Alamo Iron Works
BrownsrlUo — Corona Chrtatl
San Antonio — Houston
THE VALLEY FIRST—FIRST IN THE VALLEY—LEASE D WIRE SERVICE OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS—(JP) I-J
BROWNSVILLE, TEXAS, THURSDAY, APRIL 24, 1930 TWELVE PAGES TODAY 6e A COPY
... .... .. .........—.
1111 1 '--„
IN OUR
1 VALUEY
*«■■■■ By CHARLES HALL
HOW ABOtry IT?
r “The whole purport of litera
ture ... is the notation of the
heart,’’
—Thornton Wilder, author.
it "Love is an art that has to do
with a certain kind of ability, a
self-understood swinging together
of body, soul and mind."
—Count Hermann Keyserling
"The ‘governing class' is now
ahaorbed in the mass of the peo
ple."
—Premier Ramiay Mac
Donald of England.
"Restlessness and discontent
are the first necessities of pro
gress.”
( —Thomas A. Edison.
‘‘Prohibition is the lone
.acvhievement of evangel
,’ical Christianity.”
^ —Heywood Broun, author.
"Biography teaches us that
character and will can transform
the most ordinary material Into
* great destiny*
WwH the little business weather
W cat come to town today to look
over the situation in the Valley,
he gets out his glasses and finds
conditions generally clear in the
Valley business.
We is calm and
collected but at
the same time a
sprightly little cuss
and gives things
as he finds them.
So a good report
Irom him is well
worth while . The
Inst thing he said
ttn his interview
[today was to be
[sure and locate a
meat packin g F—^^* tn\
plant in the Val--—-1
ley. “Bring more Clear
|>ay rolls into the Valley, make of it
a play place, make of it a deep wat
fcr shipping place, then make it as
beautiful as possible — and who
can mention California or Florida
except in a whisper. ’
f • • •
mE went around and took a peek
into the jail situation and here
is the dope he brought back.
' -There are 182 prisoners in the
Cameron county jail at present,
with one insane person held at Har
lingen. Of this 182 listed. 123 are
federal prisoners. Prisoners await
Eing being removed to the state
[prison number 16, but the over
crowded condition of the peniten
), try is keeping them here until
they can be received
! Of the total incarcerated 8 are
Insane.
The federal government pays 60
cents a day for boarding its prison
ers. Cameron county last year net
ted about $8,000 profit from this
source.
I If a larger, or new jail. Is built
|more federal prisoners will be board. -
led. and the profits will help on the
Ar inking fund.
f . • • •
PirHE little business indicator said
AI that when he started on his
M1 rounds of the jail situation he
fcxpected to be met here and there
■ witn a storm oi
■ protest, because
J additional taxes
might be involv
. ed But he says
to be trying to
'help him furnish
statistics, or ways
\and means to help
[OUt.
_| When called on
for a humane pur
,pose. he says the
.people and the of
1-Stormy Ilcial" ? camer!
1 ^ on county respond
^nobly. and that he is sure the
county commissioners will do some
thing when they meet next Tues
day.
• • •
HE added that he noticed Col. Sam
Robertson gave the prisoners
their exercise on the county
roads, which was both good for
them and good for the county.
Many of the Cameron county
prisoners are being-given their ex
frcise that way these days and
time Col. Robertson inaugurated
a more, which has become sort of
4 habit. The only suggestion he
Bias to make there is that they be
be used some on the court house
lagn. Work them on the grass and
let them set out some palms to make
it *, beautiful place
I1" " • * •
«E then turned his eyes down to
ward the salt waters around
Point Isabel and Boca Chlca
feaid he wished dame nature would
W along and ,
take back that
^aweed it wash
ed up °n
[shores Otherwise
the bathing ts
fin<? — unless one
wSits until too
Se these cool
davs. « is in the
/ter noons tha
bathu« ^ “°®UJ
ej£m has start
Sr&s £ coo.
comes and many people follow
u hare those beaches are going to
lined from the first of March
£bm£c l»st September.
At present It seems the port bill
1wdl be voted on in the house
•bout Friday. But congress.
JLincr a big body, and moving
.inwLv. as all big bodies do. that
should be surprised if it is
^ until the first of the week.
11 The engineer of this column
the little cat for his visit
^ the information he brings.
FATAL WRECK
TRIAL OPENS
HERE TODAY
N e g 1 i gent Homicide
Charged Henry
Tompkins
The trial of Henry Tompkins,
charged with negligent homicide in
connection with a wreck near Har
lingen which resulted in the death
of two Valley visitors, got under
way in the Cameron county court at
law before Judge John I. Kleiber.
Tompkins was the driver of the
truck which crashed with the car
driven by Frank Reardon. Dallas
security salesman. R. B. Hill and
W. W. Martin, who were in the car
with Reardon, died later as a result
of the crash.
According to the testimony, a light
rain was falling at the time of the
wreck. A car driven by John Chesh
ire. njwspaper man. wras parked on
the right hand side of the road
traveling east. Tompkins was com
ing east and the Reardon car west.
Tompkins told of putting on his
brakes to go around Cheshire's car
when his wheels skidded, sliding him
to the center of the road. The truck
driver asserted at a preliminary
hearing that his car was traveling
about 12 miles an hour at the time
of the crash.
The trial was to be resumed at
1:30 p. m.
Cheshire, also charged with negli
gent homicide, was scheduled to be
j tried at 2 p. m.
I
Patrol Testimony
Opened at Capital
WASHINGTON, April 24—</P>—
Ogden Mills, under secretary of
the treasury, stated before a house
interstate commerce committee to
day that the unified border patrol
proposed by the law enforcement
commission should be charged with
enforcement of prohibition along
the borders and preventing entry
of all persons and merchandise over
land and water borders except at
ports of entry.
Mills was the first witness at the
hearings on the Wickers ham pro
posal recommended to congress Jan
uary 13 by President Hoover.
Auto Dealers Plan
Aid for Retailers
FORT WORTH. April 24.——
Election of officers was on the pro
gram today of the Texas Automo
tive Association convention here,
before adjournment.
The association heard yesterday
recommendations of B. B. Owen of
Dallas, president, that automobile
dealers should take concentrated ac
tion to prevent overproduction -nd
glutting of the automobile market j
at the expense of retailers, and that
dealers should work for higher gross
profit on sale of new cars by in- ;
sisting on a closer margin of trade- 1
in value on uaed cars.
Immigration Study
<Special to The Herald.?
SAN BANITO. April 24—Rio Gran
de 'Valley Inc., is in session here to
day for the purpose of considering
several phases of the immigration
situation, the speeiar study of the
organization. The labor status in the
Valley will also be discussed, along
with other business matters of the
association.
Valley Shipping
Leads Last Year
Total shipments of fruits and
vegetables from the Lower Rio
Grande Valley to date this sea
son are 20,227 carloads, accord
ing to today's vegetable bulletin
issued by W. D. Googe of the
U. 8. Market News Service. Of
this movement 3979 cars were
; fruits and 16,248 cars vegetables.
| On the same day last season,
the Valley movement of these
commodities consisted of 1729
fruit and 16462 vegetables, or a
total 18,191 carloads. Cabbage
leads all other commodities with
a total of 4726 cars, while the
total of mixed vegetables is re
ported as 5039 carloads.
MATAMOROS TO
HAVE COLLEGE
Modern Building Will House
Agricultural School
To Be Erected
Governor F»ncisco Castellanos,
Jr., of the State of Tamaulipas an
nounced that within a short time
Matamoros will have an agricultur
al and trade school
In his announcement. Governor
Castellanos states that a modern
building, provided with every neces
sary facility and conveniences will
be erected on the site of the old and
historic "Colegio de San Juan" <St.
John’s College.)
According to information received
in Matamoros. a faculty comprising
the best professors in the state of
Tamaulplas will be employed in the
new Institution.
Agriculture in all its branches will
be taught in the new school. There
will also be a department for busi
ness administraton, mechanics, and
an Industrial department.
The school will follow in general
the plans of a like institution now
in operation at Ciudad Victoria, the
state capital. The school will have
experimental farming grounds, a
complete equipment of farm ma
chinery, models of industrial ma
chines and tractors.
The construction of the building
that will house the new' Institution
will get underway In a short time,
according to Governor Castellanos.
This school will be the only one
of its kind on the border.
Operation Fatal To
San Benito Child
SAN BENITO, April 24 —Marldee
Woods, five-year-old daughter of
Mr. and Mrs. C. L. Woods, residing
near San Benito, is to be burled
this afternoon in Mont Meta ceme
tery, funeral services being held
from Thompson’s mortuary chapel
at 4 o'clock. The Rev. C. E. Marsh
all. pastor of the Methodist church,
will conduct rites.
The child died at the home of
her parents late yesterday after
noon following an operation.
£. H. Lovelace Dies
In Mena, Arkansas
L. H. Lovelace, son of Mrs. Harry
Lovelace and brother of Mrs A. A.
Hargrove of Brownsville, died Wed
nesday night at 9:15 in Mena. Ark.,
according to advice received by rel
atives here. F*s body is being sent
to San Ange'io for burial.
Mrs. Hargrove and Mrs. Lovelace
are to leave tonight for San Angelo
to attend the funeral services. Mrs.
Lovelace resides here with her
daughter. _
j Wisconsin Eyes on Valley
— ■
Packing Company Coming When Plant Is
Completed: Salesman Defends Area
*
""
(Special to The Herald.)
HARLINGEN. April 24.—Heartened by the apparent decision o! Gov
ernor Kohler of Wisconsin and Governor Moody of Texas to bury the
hatchet of the Valley land controversy, one of the largest packing con- j
cems of Wisconsin, the Hormal Packing company, has announced i^s
plans to move to Harlingen as soon as its cold storage plant is completed.
Central Power and Light company is now engaged in construction of
the plant, winch is to have 100-car capacity.
Further encouragement in the smoothing out of difficulties with Wis
FOUR BURN
Flames Trap Family When
Home Is Destroyed
BOONVILLE. N. Y.. April 24.—<*)
—Four persons were burned to death
and a fifth was missing in a fire
which destroyed the large colonial
home of Bert Cronk. coal dealer,
here today. Mr. and Mrs. Cronk
and Mrs. Paul Anni and her young
daughter died in the flames. Anni
was missing. *
Clifford, young son of the Cronks.
leaped from a window to safety. He
was suffering from effects of the
smoke.
Cronk was found in the dining
room and his wife in a doorway
leading from that room. Mrs. Anni
and her grandchild were burned
to death In their bed. The house
was enveloped in flames when the
firemen arrived.
Secretaries Meet
(Special to The Herald.)
WESLACO. April 24— Valley
chamber of commerce secretaries
are to gather here Friday night for
their regular meeting.
Several important business mat
ters are to come before the body
for discussion and consideration.
It consin is seen m the report here
that George P. Utley, vice-president
and general manager of the Harsh
and Chapline Shoe company of
Wisconsin, wrote a letter to Gov
ern Kohler following a visit to the
Valley, defending this section.
"I spent some *lme in the Valley,"
Mr. Utley wrote the Badger govern
or. “and my observation is that
splendid opportunities exist in the
Valley with no greater hazards from
an investment standpoint than are
found in any other section. There
is no disputing the fact that hand
some profits are being realized by
citrus growers, as well as vegetable
and truck raisers in the section.
From my understanding, there is a
good supply of water, and by irri
gation projects, and concrete lining
of all major feed ditches, the sup
ply is to be conserved and a big
saving of water now lost through
seepage will be effected.
"My trip to Texas was in the in
terest of our company." Mr Utley
further advised the governor, "and
not for the purpose of meddling In
any controversy. However, in jus
tice to the manufacturers of Wis
consin, I felt that an uninterested
party's opinion, such as I have giv
en you. might be of interest."
Mr. Utley wrote tliat he found
Texas merchants slow to buy Wis
consin goods, but that they did not
absolutely refuse to do so. He was
in Texas three weeks with his sales
men. and spent most of his time <n
i the Valley interviewing merchants.
COUNTING THE DEAD IN MORGUE
Row upon row of bodies of convicts who were bur ned to death or suffocated in their cells are shown
here in a temporary morgue at Ohio State Peniten tiary. Convicts who escaped with their lives are
shown in the background.
V V as V V V V V U ■ ■■ ■ - - . -
• • T* * • • • • 1
Order Fire Extinguishers
After 318 Perish in Blaze
COLUMBUS, O, April 24.—(£•)—While additional bodies were being re
leased to sorrowing relatives of prisoners who died in the Ohio Peniten
tiary fire, state officials joined today in a determination to leave nothing
undone to prevent recurrence of the catastrophe which claimed 318 lives.
Without waiting to find the cause of the fire, officials, led by Gov
ernor Myers Y. Cooper, started consideration of plans to relieve crowded
conditions at the old prison. One step toward this, the governor In
dicated after a conference with his cabinet and Warden Preston E.
KOHLER SKIRTS j
VALLEY TRIP
Valley Visit Is Countered
With Suggestion Of
St. Louis Meet

AUSTIN. April 24——Texas and i
Wisconsin have new differences.
Oovernor Walter Kohler of Wis
consin has suggested to Governor
Moody that their respective com
mittees to adjust differences exist
ing over Wisconsin's Texas realty
ban meet in St. Louis, "an interme
diate and neutral point.’’ Governor
Moody wants the Wisconsin repre-1
sentatives to come to Texas and the ;
Rio Grande Valley for a lirst hand
inspection of the lands, some oi
which the Wisconsin state realty
board would bar from the market
in that state.
"St. Louis is a long way from the
Valley.” Governor Moody said. "I
cannot see that anything would be
accomplished in a meeting there.
We were under the impression the
committees were to travel in the
Rio Grande Valley to appraise the
productivity of lands there.”
PORT BUI
WASHINGTON. April 24—<yP»—
Representatives of six middle and
northwestern states agreed today
to support a move to strike out the
Erie Oswego canal project when
the Omnibus rivers and harbors bill
is take;i up in the house tomorrow.
If this motion fails.the group will
seek to have the entire measure
carrying about $110,000,000 for rivet
and harbor development, referred
back to the committee for ehmina- j
lion of the Erie canal provision. '
which would authorize the federal
government to take over that pro- j
ject from New York State.
Search Opens For
Woman’s Attackers
HOUSTON. April 24.—Police
searched today for two young men
after a 28-year-old waitress report
ed to police she had been kidnaped
at the point of a pistol and attack
ed.
The woman said she was mar
ried and the mother of three child
ren. She said she had quit work
about 8 p. m., yesterday and was
waiting for a bus.
“A car drove up with two men m
it,” she said ‘‘One jumped out with
a pistol in his hand and said:
‘‘Don't make a move or I’ll blow
your brains out.”
“The other man called out to grab
me and put me in the car.”
She said the men drove to a
wooded section where they assault
ed her. They then drove to a bus
line and threw her out.
I
Summer School Here
Announced by Gotke
The Brownsville public schools *
will conduct a summer school dur-1
ing the corning summer, according
to G. W. Gotke, superintendent.
Work will be given in college, high
school, and junior high school sub
jects. Mr. Gotke explained.
“Anyone interested in the sum
mer school should direct their com
munications to Mrs. Del Perkins,
registrar of the junior college and
high school.” he said.
Before the Crash. Insure
Rio Grande Valley Trust Co.—Adv.
i Thomas, will be the transfer of
short term convicts to the London
prison farm.
The program also calls for speedy
completion of two new cell blocks
at the penitentiary as well as re
building of the fire-swept G and H
houses in which last Monday's fire
had its origin.
Rescue Delayed
Despite several manifestations of
unrest, it was believed extra guards
would be withdrawn within a few
days. A group of prisoners work
Ohio Prisoners Mutiny
COLUMBUS, Ohio, April 24.—
: Ph—Two thousand Ohio Peni
tentiary convicts in the "White
City” idle house caused great
disturbance in the prison today
when they sent up a mighty
shout to be released from the
t cages. They threatened to kill all
the guards unless the cage doors
were opened at once.
ing on a coal house caused a stir
early today when they deserted
their post and roamed about the
prison court. They were returned to
their jobs
While the states investigation
has brought forth various individu
al opinions, it has failed thus far to
reveal how the fire started. Most
of the witnesses before the board
of Inquiry devoted their testimony
' to suggestions as to how more of
the prisoners might have been res
cued from their locked cells. These
included a statement by A. E. Nice,
chief of the Columbus fire depart
ment, that none would have perish
ed had the prisoners been released
as soon as the fire was discovered.
He charged that rescue efforts were
delayed by guards inside the walls.
Extinguishers Ordered
Following testimony by Warden
Thomas that no fire protection was
provided at the cell blocks, state
Welfare Director H H. Griswold
announced extinguishers had been
ordered placed in the cell houses.
As an extra precaution, he said,
guards would be placed in the top
tiers. !
Opinions as to the fire's cause
continued to be contradictory, some
witnesses laying it to defective wir
ing and others saying the blaze
started in a room bare of wires.
Governor Cooper let it be known
he was satisfied with Warden
Thomas' handling of the situation
during and after the fire and in
dicated no change in the prison's
administrative personnel was plan
ned.
Two Escape Injury
In Harlingen Crash
HARLINGEN. April 24.—Two men
escaped with only slight injuries
this; morning when their cars col
lided on the highway four miles
west of Harlingen, between Harlin
gen and La ferta.
J. O. Stocks, crossing the high
way. and T. J. Wallace, driving
west on the road, met In a broad
side crash which destroyed Stocks'
automobile, but he was only bruis
ed and shaken up. Hospital treat
ment was not necessary.
Wallace was also uninjured, and
his car escaped serious damage
Stocks lives near the scene of
thf accident, and Mr. Wallace re
sides four miles west of Harlingen.
Valley Contractor
Gets McLennan Road
AUSTIN. April 24—fflPV-The state
highway commission today had fin
ished one of the most extensive
meetings in recent months in which
contracts totaling $3,089,942 were
awarded and delegations from 36
counties were heard. In the lot
was:
McLennan county, highway 31.
13.5 miles grading, drainage, small
structures. W. W. Vann, Mercedes.
$97,307.13.
JAIL QUESTION
MEET SUBJECT
County Commissioners To
Go Into Matter At
Tuesday Session
The matter of a new jail for
Cameron county, or enlarging the
present prison, because of the over
crowded conditions, will be present
ed to the next meeting of the
county commissioners court, Judge
Oscar C. Dancy said this afternoon.
“The county commissioners are
nearly all agreed that something
should be done about tfye present
state of affairs, he said, the big
question with that body, being how
to get about it. Action on such a
move should be unanimous before
we proceed.
“It seems that no money will be
available for such a purpose until
next fall, but when the commission
ers meet and study the situation, if
a quicker way presents itself, it Is
my idea that the commissioners will
adopt It.
“Personally, I favor a new Jail,"
said Judge Dancy. "At present the
attempt to separate young prison
ers from hardened criminals mostly
results in permitting the younger
persons to roam about downstairs.
“The fact that asylums are so
full that they cannot immediately
take those adjudged Insane causes
us to have to house those unfortun
ates with our prisoners. This some
times forces us to put them in
overcrowded quarters.
“I have a plan, which after the
fifth million dollar bond issue Is
sold, may work out to solve our
Jail problem.”
British Dirigible
Slightly Damaged
LONDON, April 24—</P)—It was
reported from Cardington that the
huge British dirigible R-100 was
damaged while being brought out
of her shed today, one of her star
board fins catching against the side
of the shed and buckling slightly.
It was stated that authorities were
considering whether she should be
taken back to her shed.
The R-100, scheduled to make a
flight to Canada next month, was
tr’:en from her shed this morning
in order to make a test flight pre
liminary to her Canadian voyage.
Plans for the flight today were
abandoned.
Quicksand Claims
Screaming Farmer
CONROE. April 24.—(JP)—James
Brown. 23. farmer, was dead to
day, having been smothered to
death when he was buried beneath
a cave-in of quicksand while dig
ging at the bottom df a well on his
fathers farm near here. The ac
cident occurred yesterday and
though his father and other persons
working at the top of the well cast
him a rope, it slipped from the
youth's hands. He disappeared,
screaming, under the murky waters
and sand.
BORDER TOWNS
ASK FREE ZONE
Mexican Government Asked by Chambers Of
Commerce to Pass American Goods
Free of Duty to River Cities
By OSCAR J. DE CASTILLO
In a letter addresed to the Matamoroa Chamber of Commerce and
received today, the Ciudad Juarez chamber asks the local chamber to
Join in lte movement in securing a ‘free zone' for the border cities. In
the letter it is stated that all of the towns on the Mexican side of the
Rio Grande are sponsoring the movement, as well as chambers of com
and the towns along the bortrrr in their development. By a ‘free zone’ is
meant that all articles to be imported from the United States Into Mexico
KIWANIS TOLD
TEXAS HISTORY
Davenport Addresses Club
On Battles of Alamo
And San Jacinto
Harbert Davenport, local attorney,
was the principal speaker at the
Kiwanis club luncheon Thursday at
El Jardin hotel.
Mr. Davenport has made a com
prehensive study of early Texas
history, and spoke at length of the
battles of the Alamo and San Jacin
to. He spoke of the events leading
to the war of Texas independence.
Several visitors were present at
the Thursday meeting, these Includ
ing Chas. R. Price. Kenton, O.;
Homer R. Maxwell, Harlingen; T.
F. Horan, Onionta, N. Y.; and C.
G. Thornton. Harlingen.
Travis Jennings made a report on
the street lightning work, and stat
ed that two companies had submit
ted bids. One company offered a bid
for $35,000, and the second firm
gave four bids, ranging In price
from $40,000 to $49,000. It was decid
ed to present the figures to the city
commission immediately.
Fire Chief Inspects
City Fire Hazards
An inspection of all business
houses is being made today by Fire
Chief T. P. Serran, and all fire
hazards are being pointed out to
the owners.
Inflamable materials such as
trash, papers, and oil soaked ma
terials are being warned against.
Owners and occupants are asked to
destroy or move such materials that
form dangerous fire hazards
• Fewer fires in Brownsville'* is
the assumed slogan.
Eddie Valente and Johnny Walk
er, with the Central fire station, are
assisting Fire Chief Serran in his
investigation.
Business houses along Elizabeth
street were inspected Thursday
morning, and the work will con
tinue until all stores and structures
are completely listed and investi
gated. It was said.
Vacant lots will also be cleaned.
Tariff Report Will
Go to House First
WASHINGTON, April 24-<iP,—
Congressional republican leaders de
cided at a breakfast conference with
President Hoover today to have the
house first consider the conference
report on the tariff bill.
The report will be ready next
Tuesday, but will not be taken up
m the house until a week from
today.
The White House conference was |
called at the request of the house
and senate leaders.
The only purpose was to discuss
procedure on the tariff bill. It was
said later at the White House and
there was no discussion of rates or
administrative provisions of the
complex and voluminous bill.
Libel Suit to Jury
DALLAS April 24.—(JP\—The libel
suit of Hiram Wesley Evans, Im
perial Wizard of the Ku Klux
Klan. against The Austin American
went to the jury today.
Damages of $150,000 were ‘sought
by Dr. Evans, who charged The
American libeled him through
publication of parts of the speech
delivered by Gen. M. M. Crane be
fore the Democratic State conven
tion In Austin in 1924.
Published List of Gangland
Shows All for Al, Al for All
CHICAGO, April 24.—(AV-Who's
hoodlum in Chicago was published
today.
With Alfonse Capone, Scarfaced
overlord of gangland, named first,
the Chicago Crime commission pre
pared a list of 28 notorious gang
sters, gunmen and racketeers who
“are constantly in conflict with the
law."
Edited by Frank F. Loesch, pres
ident of the crime body and a mem
ber of President Hoover's Law En
forcement commission, the list was
sent to city, county and federal
law enforcement agencies with a
reminder that "these men are
public enemies and should be treat
ed accordingly."
Leaders of every gangland faction
were named. There was George
(Bugs) Moran, heir to thl North
Side mob hustled together by Dion
O'Banion; "Polack Joe" Saltis.
stockyards district chieftain; Frank
ie Lake and Terry Druggan, origin
al beer barons of Chicago and Joe
Aiello, last of the once-powerful:
Aiello West Side clan.
The Crime Commission's action, :
it was said, was resultant of the ;
recent report that all of Chicago's
gangs had merged under the wing ,
of Capone and that the slogan of ,
the underworld would be "all for
A1 and A1 for all." To this, Loesch.
the veteran crime crusader, answer
ed: "All for Law, and Law for All.”
In a footnote to the list. Loesch
explained "treated accordingly" as
meaning “vigilant watchfulness and
arrests: court action: deportation
of criminal aliens: investigation of
personal property tax payments and
of the status of their realty hold
ings and taxes: Inquiries as to in
come taxes: raids on their dlsorder
derly houses, gambling halls, night
clubs and dog tracks: Inquiry as to
their political affiliations and publi
cation of the facts; publication of
business and residence addresses,
business affiliations, banking con
nections and other interests.”
will enter the country free of duty,
but they are not to be taken Into
the Interior of the Republic.
Articles that are taken to the in
terior of the Republic must pay the
regular duties. Many border cities
are undeveloped because of the high
price occasioned by the heavy du
ties placed on articles. People of
means are able to enjoy the com
forts of life, but those unable to
pay the high prices asked for com
modities must go without them
By having a ‘free zone’ Matamoros,
Reynoea. Rio Rico, Ciudad Mler,
Nuevo Laredo, Piedras Negras and
all the other border towns would
greatly develop. To the American
cities, those located on the north
ern banks of the Rio Grande, the
free zone’ means more trade with
their sister towns, more stock turn
over, greater faculties for trade and
consequent prosperity.
How The Zone Works
In the days when Poflrio Diaz
first became president and dictator
of Mexico, ‘‘El CaudUlo,” (Hie
Leader) as he was known, estab
lished a ‘free zone’ from Bagdad,
the extinct border city on the
mouth of the historic Rio Grande,
to TiaJuana and Ensenada in Low
er California.
During Diaz’s regime, goods were
admitted duty free to the Mexican
border cities, armed patrols being
always on duty outside of the ‘free
zone’ limits to see that no smug
gling took place. A cordon of sol
diers from the Gulf of Mexico to
the Pacific ocean was always on
duty. The free zone was abolish
ed. however, due to the large smug
gling activities that developed,
mainly due to the lack of commu
nication facilities, making it easy
for smuggling bands to operate
New System Adopted
A system has already been work
ed out, and in case the free zone
system is implanted by the Mexi
can government, the system wUl be
put into effect.
Motorcycle patrols along the
principal highways, mounted armed
patrols, flying’ squadrons of sol
diers and a vast flotilla of airplanes
will be used to curb smugglers.
Radio stations wU be installed in
all of the border cities, air planes
will be equipped with radios, as will
the motorcycle and mounted pa
trols. A strict vigilance wUl be ob
served and with all the modern
means of communication at its dis
posal. and with an efficient admin
istration the Mexican government
expects no trouble in establishing
and maintaining the ‘free zone’
£hat ‘El CaudUlo” tried unsuccess
fully to perfect.
A petition for the establishment
of the ‘free zone’ wUl be sent to
President Pascual Ortiz Rubio next
week and an early reply is expected.
Negro Is Lynched By
South Carolina Mob
WALHALLA. S. C., April 24—0P>
-Allen Green, 50-year-old negro, way
lynched today by a masked mob
that dragged him from the Oconee
county jail, tied him to a tree and
riddled his body with bullets.
Sheriff John Thomas was struck
a heavy blow on the head when he
resisted the mob. He was taken to
Anderson to determine if his skull
was fractured.
Green was charged with attack
ing an 18-year-old white girl. He
was arrested Sunday. The next
day he was given a preliminary
hearing and ordered held in Jail
without bond for trial in court of
general sessions.
Eus$ne Thomas. 21-year-old son
of the sheriff, said the mob gather
ed outside the Jail about midnight
last night. Leaders aroused the of
ficer and his son and demanded the
negro.
! WEATHER j
For Brownsville and the Valley:
Mostly cloudy and somewhat un
settled tonight and Friday, possibly
with local showers; not much change
in temperature.
For East Texas; Cloudy tonight
and Friday; probably showers In
west portion Friday.
Light to moderate easterly to
southerly winds on the coast.
DAILY RIVER BULLETIN
The river will continue to fall
slowly from Mission down during
the next few days.
Flood Present 34-Hr. 34-Hr.
Stage Stage Cbng. Bain
Eagle Pass 16 1,5 0.0 .00
Laredo 27 -1.3 -0.1 35
Rio Grande 21 3.1 -0.4 .00
Mission 22 3.7 -04 .00
San Benito 23 7 8 -1 2 .00
Brownsville 18 3.0 -08 .00
TIDE TABLE
High and low tide at Point Isabel
tomorrow’, under normal meteoro
logical conditions:
High . 1:29 a. m.; 1:44 p. m.
Low. 7:50 a. m.; 8:14 p. m.
MISCELLANEOUS DATA
Sunset today . 6:58
Sunrise tomorrow . 5 $®

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