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Mercedes- Weslaco Irrigation
District Showing Progress (Special to The Herald.) MERCEDES, May l—With oom-# pletion of 18 miles of concreting on this year’s program, the work on the Mercedes-Weslaco Irrigation District Is making a considerable Showing Two gunite machines are now at work, and a third machine Is expected soon. Drainage too is making great strides, for when a drainage gets to work, the dirt be gins to move. On Jan. 1 the newly created Mer cedes-Weslaco Irrigation District took over the maintenance and op eration of the system formerly oper ated and owned by the American Rio Grande Land & Irrigation Company, comprising almost 82,000 acres of land. The Board of Di rectors of the District selected Mr. R. S. Fessenden, an engineer of many years' experience in irriga tion work in the southwestern Unit ed States. Since that time other en gineers, experienced in various lines of work, have been added to the foroe, with a view to expediting as much as possible the construc tion program. Lining some of the canals was started shortly after January 1st, and excepting for oelay? occarioned by unseasonable weather, has continued steadily since that time. Some concrete pipe has been laid in connection with this lining program, but the great er portion of the work has been In the nature of lining the canals with gunite. For the benefit of those to whom the name “gunite" may not be familiar, we will state that gunite is one form of concrete composed entirely of cement and sand which is thoroughly mixed and then, still in a dry state, car ried by air pressure through a hose to the point of application, where 1* is mixed with water and shot Into place by pneumatic pressure. This results in a very dense form of concrete, and when reinforced with wire mesh, makes a very Ftrong form of lining. Method In most of the work one bank of the earth canal is split open, then trimmed to a semi-circular form, after which the wire mesh is placed in position and the gunite lining shot against the moist earth so as to get a lining at least one inch in thickness. It would seem surprising that one bank of the canal when opened up this wav would give a canal large enough to irrigate the same amount of land, but it must be remembered that the water will run much faster In the concrete lining. due to the smoothness of the lining, and the absence of weeds, and also that it ia not necessary to provide excess capacity in order to take care of seepage. Then too, the earth can als have not been used to their full capacity as the irrigators, be coming more accustomed to farm ing by irrigation, are using ’.ess and less water all the time. Mr.. Fessenden states that he hopes during the present year to line one hundred miles of canal, or over one-third the total mileage of canals on the svstem. and tnat this lining, together with the drainage program under way, will take care of the more crossing needs of the system. This work of lining Is in line with the develop ment of Irrigation work through the Valley, where the people arc beginning to realize that a well equipped Irrigation system able to supply the necessary water Is Just as necessary as is up-to-date equip ment on the farm, and that tbe«e developments must come to the Val ley. Drainage Drainage Is one of the Important problems In the Valley, and on the Mereedes-Weslaco Irrigation dis trict they are tackling It with both hands. Four dragline excavators are owned by the District, which also owns a Ruth dredger, which Is used In cutting small local drains. In addition to this, they have con tracted with the J. D. George Construction Company of Donna for the use of one dragline, so that there are six machines now at work on the drains, and since January 1st they have re-cut almost twenty miles of old drain and in addition to ♦his. have cut fourteen miles of new drains The District is parti cularly fcrtunate in that two large main drainage channels cut across the Distrltct. thus making it much easier to secure outlets for the drainage than It is fo- some of the other systems In the Vsllsr A dragline is not a thing of bca’ity. r.cr dees it cut a prettv ditch with smooth sides end a nice h-en pile of dirt alongside th« d'tch. gut when it corr.es to a proposition si' workirr ir. mud or water where ft self-respecting machine wouldn’t go, the dragline wades right In and pulls out the dirt or the mud or even the ‘'soup”, and the only com plaint it makes is for its Diesen en gine to bark a little louder. By the time 1931 rolls around, the Mercedes-We6laco district should have one hundred miles of concrete lined canals .and should be one of the best drained systems in the Val ley. In years gone by this system has consistently shipped about one third of the produce raised in the Valley, and with these improve ments, the other Districts shou.d Jook to their laurels, or we will have to write that one-half the produce in the Valley comes from this 82,000 acres. Mission Chamber Names Committees (Special to The Herald) MISSION. April SO—The Mission Chamber of Commerce appointed the following committees at their meeting this week: Geo. Brooks, 8. M. Hargrove, M. D. Cavasos and O, E. Cannon, finance; 8. L. Hardin. E E. Marburger Bill Morris, Earl Stewart, Louis Rogers and Ray Landry, entertainment; Ty Cobb, Ralph Bray. Mrs. T. 8. Moore and S. L. Hardin, advertising and pub licity; Geo. Brooks, Jr., H. L. Starr, E. V. 8prowl Dade Heister and John Waite, industrial; W. R. Parrish. Hill Cocke. A. H. Strahie and John H. Shary, building; S. M. Hargrove, R. T. Daniel, Jim Lockhart and A. L. Brasher, agriculture and live stock. W. B. Splawn. O. W. Shaver and R. A. Dimick were appointed the committee on transportation and highways: J. F. Ewers, W. R. Bla lock, Roy Buckley and J. Q. Henry, legislative committee: Drs. M. Smith, Barrera, J. W. Jeffries, C. D. Epp right and T. J. Caldwell, health and sanitation: Ed Sydnor, H. C. Jeffries, B. A. 81pes, Homer Smith. T. B. Sammons, Marvin Goodwin and L. Hinojosa community service committee. Pennsylvania Picnic . Plans Being Made HARLINGEN, April 30—Plans are being perfected for the Pennsylvan ia Day picnic here May 3. The af fair is to be a baske* picnic, with coffee and ice water to be provided by the Pennsylvania organization. All former resident* of Pennsyl vania are urged to attend. It is estimated that there will be more than 200 present. In order to assure a complete Valley-wide representation, the gen eral committee has selected the fol lowing representative committees to function in th respective com munities in bringing out all former Pennsylvanians to this meeting: Brownsville, A. J. Rose, L. Schumm, San B^r.lto, Mrs. Alex Kerr F W. Leitenberger; Harlingen. C. B. Rich ey; La Feria. H. L. Grove, Merced es. Sam Elliott; Donna, Gertha Wil son; Alamo, Mr. Hawthorne; Mc Allen, Mru. R. M. Schmuck. K. D. McCandless W. C. Russell; Edinburg Dr. C. J. Hamme; Raymondville. IT\ and Mrs. Nat Wetzel; Lyford. J. Mark Wentzel; San Perlita, Henry Moyer; Rio Hondo, George W. Row land; Santa Rosa. R. G. Schrock; Point I?r_bel, Jimmy Carson. Harlingen Women To Plant Cacti Bed (Special to The Herald) HARLINGEN. April 30—Many varieties of cacti will be planted in Fair park here, according to plans of the Business and Professional Women's club. Cactus donations can be left with Mrs. L. H. Catfield. 1174 E. Monroe avenue. The idea of the club is to have this unique bed of cacti not only as a curiosity but as a collection of the VaUey's flora. Persons coming I to the Valley as tourists or newcom ers '1 find these cacti. The club will present a large hand painted picture to the person do l nating the largest collection. Osteopaths Meet Report* from the 30th convention of the Texas Osteopathic associa tion were made at the Lower Rio Grande Valley Osteopathic meet ing Monday at the home of Dr H. E. Dye's parents near La Perla The next meeting will be in La Perla May 26. Dr and Mrs. Harry E. Stahlman attended the meeting TIME SAVER When spring cleaning, if you line ur» all articles of furniture that needs the sam° kind of treat ment and then do all of them at once, it saxes time APACE For more than a quarter century the Merchants’ National has served this section ar.d has aided in the commercial development of the community. As its financial needs have multiplied and become more diverse, so this Bank has grown to meet the enlarged demands of its customers. We offer you the same-friendly and efficient co operation that has been our policy in the past. Call and discuss your financial problems with us. Capital Stock Originally paid in $100,000.00 Increased from earnings • 150,000.00 $250,000.00 Surplus Fund, earned • • • tele • • 275,000.00 MERCHANTS NATIONAL BANK 9R,OWNSVILkE TEXAS. 1032-34-36 Elizabeth Street • • • Brownsville Fill Your Spring Needs Here And Benefit by the J. C. Penney Policy Of Correct Styles—Dependable Quality—Low Prices Slip'Smartly Into New Spring Dresses # It's smart silk dresses like these that stretch your budget into admitting a swagger coat and chic little hat and even the accesso ries to go with them. Blithe spring shades and rollicking new prints . • • in sizes for women, wiIwm and juniors. 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