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Brownsville herald. [volume] (Brownsville, Tex.) 1910-current, June 04, 1930, Image 3

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.Senatorial Primaries in Many States Hold Political Spotlight
* * * * ************** ****** * * * * *
NEA Snrire Writer
(Copyright, 1930, NEA Service. Inc.)
WASHINGTON, June 4 —The biennial primary season is under way.
congressional elections loom ahead in November and it's a great year
for all politically-minded citizens who get excited about issues and
personalities. 1
me voters are going to nave a cnance to give tne
Hoover administration a vote of confidence or dis
approval. democratic leaders are hopeful that they
can overturn the republican majority, not only in the
Senate but also in the house of representatives; they
contend that the country is dissatisfied.
Meanwhile, the nominating primaries are full of
political thrills. A few of them have been held, elim
maun? prominent ngures irom
public office, but the majority re
main to be run off between now
and fall
In these primaries the greatest
interest centers on the fond hopes
of the wets to replace dry mem
bers of congress with wet members
Sen. SimmoKj
J. W. Bailey
anu on me pouucu jaie oi sucn
statesmen as Dwight Morrow. Senator George W. Nor
ris of Nebraska, and Senator Fumifold Simmons of
North Carolina.
The most exciting primaries to date have been those
of Illinois and Pennsylvania. In the first. Mrs Ruth
Hanna McCormick was nominated by the republi
cans to oppose J. Hamilton Lewis, democrat, in No
vember. Theirs will be one of the best of the wet
jMp iigms ana wm aiso aeciae me nrsi serious auempt oy a woman to
Wter the United States senate.
The recent Pennsylvania primaries nominated and assured the election
of Secretary of Labor Davis to the senate and of Gifford Pinchot to the
governorship. They also drove Senator Joe Grundy back into the lobby,
proved that Andrew W. Mellon has no political influence in Pennsyl
vania and left crippled Boss Vare of Philadelphia the undisputed boss in
the state.
Next comes North Carolina on June 7. The question there is whether
< Special to The Herald.)
Father Time moves along the path
of modernity, as progress in sci
ence, aviation, radio and rapid
motor transportation sweeps Mex
ico along in its course, the land of
the Mayas, Toltecs, and Aztecs con
tinues gradually to surrender to
civilization, abandoning into the
national scrapbook customs and
habits, some that date to pre-his
toric days, some that go back to
only a century ago. and surrender
ing romance and glamour to the
staid conventionality of the twenti
eth century.
The latest characteristic of Mex
ico City to succumb to the inevi
table. not without a sigh of regret
on the part of the residents, is
“E! Paseo” or “the promenade” as
it might be called in English.
There is a long thoroughfare that
cuts through this city, linking
through a distance of three miles
the heart of the city—the, Plaza de
la Constitution or the Zocalo. as it
ij«r.ore commonly known — with
ClBpultepec Castle. Chapultepec
Castle—"The Hill of the Grasshop
per," as the word sicnifies—was once
th» home of Aztec emperors, and
it is now the Mexican White House.
The Plaza de la Constitution is
the kernel of the country; the
drawbridge that leads to the seat
of government. It is a wide square
The park in the center a brief half
score years ago was thickly wooded
with magnificent trees that one
Mexican executive deemed too pro
pitious as possible as machine gun
nests. He had all the trees chopped
down. Now the park in the center
cf the Zocalo is an attractive crass
plot dotted with harmless shrub
bery and great green patches of
grass, well kept.
Shops Invade
The Zocalo is a square, flanked
on one side by the ancient National
Cathedral, admittedly the largest
Catholic temple of the new world.
The National Palace, seat of the
Government, occupies one entire
side, and the Municipal Palace or
city hall, a building with native
tile tables as its principal mural
decorations, stretches along anoth
er side. The fourth unit of this
quadrangle is composed of building?
of colonial design, once private
residences, with their yard and a
half deep walls, but now converted
U house present-dav bars, candy
scores, hat shops, and general de
partment stores
But in the center of the p!a.?a
still stands a kiosk, a music stand
that vies with the Cathedral in
tradition and fact as to the origin
of 'El Paseo.” Six blocks of the
thoroughfare that leads from Cha
pultepec to the Zoealo constitute
what is now known as Avenida
cisco I. Madero, named afer
■1,x co's martyred president a sue
iPssful dreamer, illusionist and
spiritualist, father of the rrovemen*
against the great dictator Porf’no
Diaz, who was catapulted into exile
and death in 1911 AvBnida Madero
is a comparatively narrow stree*. It.
forms one of the three eerMons of
the thoroughfare between the Zoe
alo and Chapultepec park
Autos Displayed.
The other two links of this thor
oughfare are the Paseo de la Re
forma. the ‘ Mexican Champs Ely
see", a broad and beautiful avenue;
and Avenida Juarez, the interme
diate stretch between the Paten de
la Reforma and Avenida Madero.
Alone one side of Avenida Juarez
snreads the Alameda—Mexico City’s
Central Park—and on the other
side buildings that once wpre resi
dences of th« oast aristocracy now
here automobile displav rooms and
the like. Avenida Juarez is as
bro«d as the Peseo de la Reforma,
twice the width of Avenida Ma
“El Paseo.’’ or the nromenade has
teen since the middle of the nine
teenth century until a brief month
or so ago the social hour for the
“who’s who" and “would be who’s
wNj” of Mexico Citv. The P?«po
exactlv what ’he word imoii«s
‘be nromenade The Ame-iran bus
iness sioean that time is money was
fnreotten bv the rich, npar rich
end never-will-be-rlch: bv the so
c‘al lights, the social liehts that
may be. and those that nre+end tn
h* but, never wiP be the Time o’
nromenade eclipsing everythin?
lis parade of legitimates near
legitimates, hopeful-legitimates and
never-will-be-legitimates originated
about the middle of the nineteenth
century, as far as historians are
able to trace the records.
Trysting Plate
Mexican cities for time lmme
moral have had what are known
as "paseos." They are all built
along the same general lines, small
or large, with the plaza the apex
about which the community evolv
es. The plaza has its inevitable kiosk
and its usual multl-hued floral
wreath. The larger cities have sev
eral plazas. But about all these
plazas is entwined love and ro
mance. Youths of both sexes make
this their trysting place. While the
music plays the boys in the smaller
villages walk about the plaza in
cne direction, while the dark eyed
girls walk in the other. This is the
paseo in its primitive form.
In the capital of the country It
has been more developed. Between
‘ht hours of noon and 3 p. m. each
day. but especially on Thursday and
Sundays, th^ elite and non-elite
gave themselves over to this prom
enade. Formerly in carriages drawn
bv horses that were the pride of
Mexico, and with men on horse
back in gorgeous native array, ■
many trappings and braid, between
' the two files of carriages, the resi
dents slowly promenaded in two
' lines running in opposite directions
Old and young of both sexes sat
back and crossed each other in idle
pastime, developing a peculiar
greeting consisting of a wave of
j the hand but accompanied by a
qjick movement of the fingers.
Bv 3 o'colck in the afternoon, the
I promenade that stretched from the
Zoealo to around Chapultepec park
I generally ended. In latter years It
kept pace with Father Time and
automobiles replaced the riders and
the carriages, but finally the gen
eral paralmtion that was caused
j in traffic movement had to be faced
bv the authorities and an unkmd
i Senator Simmons, longer in the senate than any other man and 76 years
old, must pay the price of political retirement for his temporary deser
l tion of the democratic party when it nominated A1 Smith for president in
1928. His opponent is Josiah W. Bailey, a Raleigh lawyer 20 years younger.
Lots of North Carolinians want to punish Simmons but there were many
! democrats who Joined him in bolting the ticket and last reports indi
| cated a close race. Republicans have four candidates in their senatorial
The wet issue and the future of brilliant Dwight
Morrow are before the voters of New Jersey on June
17. Morrow, former Senator Joseph T. Frelinghuysen
and Congressman Franklin Fort are after the repub
lican senatorial nomination. Morrow and Frelinghuy
sen are wet. Fort is dry and there seems to be a
good chance that he will walk away with the nomina
non wnue Morrow ana rreiing
huysen split the wet vote. But it
Fort is nominated he is likely to be
defeated by Alex. Simpson, the
probable democratic nominee who
gained fame as prosecutor in the
Hall-Mills murder case, when the
wet-dry issue is fought out in the
fall campaign.
v kranklin rort
Plight Morrow
me siaxe in me ngni is a regular six-year term,
but Morrow is also a candidate for a short term ex
piring in March next year and his democratic oppon
ent will be Miss Thelma Parkinson, organization can- j
didate, whose campaign will be managed by Represen
tative Mary Norton. If Miss Parkinson should be
elected, she would beat Mrs. McCormick into the
senate by several months.
Of somewhat less general interest were the iowa primaries on June 2. 1
in which Governor John Hammill lost to Congressman L. J. Dickinson,
and the Minnesota senatorial primary on June 16 in which Governor
Theodore Christianson la trying to grab the toga from blind Senator
Schall. In both Iowa and Minnesota nomination is almost certain to be
equivalent to election; Senator Steck of Iowa Is not expected to retain
his seat.
Senator Thomas J. Walsh will be renominated by Montana democrats
on July 15 unless National Committeejnan J. Bruce Kremer, a wet, decides j
The Date* by State*
Senatorial primaries are sched
uled in the following states on
the dates given below:
June 2—Iowa.
June 7—North Carolina.
June 16—Main and Minnesota.
June 1"—New Jersey.
July 15 Montana.
July 26—Texas.
July 29—Oklahoma.
Aug. 2—Kentucky.
Aug. 5—Kansas. Virginia. West
Aug. 7—Tennessee.
Aug. 12—Alabama. Arkansas.
Nebraska. Ohio.
Aug. 19—Mississippi, Wyoming.
Aug. 26—South Carolina.
Sept. 2—Michigan.
Sept. 9—Colorado, New Hamp
shire. Louisiana.
Sept. 16—Massachusetts.
Idaho. Delaware. Rhode Island.
New Mexico will nominate by
All members of congress must
run for re-election this year, if
they choose to remain, and in
many states gubernatorial elec
tions will be held.
order Issued did away with a time
worn custom. Avenida Madero uTas
converted into a one-way street.
Commonplace and unattractive
trucks and buses, emblems of com
mercial development, formerly bar
red on Avenida Madero. have re
placed the limousines of the
wealthy and the nired taxis of the
plebeans, who have sought, refuge
to continue that hand and finger
wave shak.ng about the cypress
shr.ded lanes of Chapultepec Park.
Origin of Promenade
Not much historic data is avail
able on the origin of the promenade
Such records as are available show
however that the promenade cus
tom started about the middle of
tne nineteenth century, when it
was known as the “Paseo de las
Oadenas," the “promenade of the
chains", because the Cathedral at
trat time was circumscribed by a
chain fence, and in the evening!
while the music played in the kiosk
in the middle of the Zocalo. which
was built during the empire days
of Maximilian, residents of the
city promenaded about this chain
enclosure. Many stories are told
ot romantic episodes of the period
traceable to the chain promenade
on moonlight nights. For some
reason unexplained, probably be
cause the chains were removed, the
promenade moved to the portals on
the opposite side of the Zocalo. the
arched “portales” that are generally
to be found about all Mexican
plazas. As the cobblestone streets
cf the period were generally im
proxed upon, the promenade took
to carriages and horses and mo\red
to what was known until the name
was changed 15 years ago to Ave
r.ida Madero, as Avenida Plateros,
because many silversmiths or jewel
rv stores were along the street,
then as now.
This is the story generally told
cf the origin of the promenade, but
the historian Carlos Gonzalez Pena
in a recent article chronicling the
“Paseo” and its place In the nation
al life of Mexico, claims that the
custom dates back to the period of
the conquest and says that the
“Paseo” was historically recorded
in 1539. Pena’s claims are substan
tiated by Madame Calderon de la
Barca, the American wife of the
first Spanish Minister to Mexico,
who in her book on Mexico, which
is generally credited even to the
present date as one of the best
books ever written on the country,
mentions the “Paseo" as one of
the customs of the country that
had most impressed her. Historic
mention of the Paseo is also made
bv Marcos Arroniz in his book
published in 1858. All of these au
thors were especially impressed by
the magnificent horses that drew
the broughams, “mail-coaches,” vic
ferias, and other carriages of the
“Lizards” Lounge
Then, as until the Paseo was
suspended, one of its features was
the part that love-inclined young
men played in if. They were known
then as now. as the "lizards." gen
erally the offspring of rich families,
cr others posing as such, who spent
hours leaning against the house
frontages. j
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to oppose him—and perhaps in any event. The republican primary in
Montana is a fight between Supreme Court Justice Albert Galen, wet, and
O. H. P. Shelley, dry. The chances are that Walsh, dry, and Galen, wet.
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Senator Mea*s Sheppard, father of the Eighteenth AiimKraert, pre
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