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Resume of Famous Case Shows How Key I Witness First Told Conflicting Stories At Two Trials and Xow Asserts He Lied in Putting Mooney At Scene of Fatal Bombing By NEA Service SAN FRANCISCO.-The lanjous •Mooney case"—now, apparently about to be disposed of forever by the reappearance of a decrepit little waiter named John McDonald—has been a sencation in America for so long that it has become one of those things that are both familiar and unknown. It is familiar, because Americans lave talked about It for 14 years. It Is unknown, because the pas .- .. What prison years have done to Mooney—Abave are Tom Mooney and his wife. Rena, as they ap peared about the time he entered the penietntiary in 1917 and below are the two as they appear today. This is Mooney's most recent photo. At the right is Mooney in prison garb, this picture having been taken about 1924. sage of time has brought forget fulness of nearly all of its outstand ing features. The average news paper reader remembers that San Francisco had a Preparedness Day parade in 1916. that a bomb ex ploded in the midst of it and killed several people, and that two labor agitators named Tom Mooney and Warren K. Billings were convicted of planting the bomb and were sent to prison for life. That is about the extent of gen eral knowledge. Now that MacDonald has come to the surface again, it is considered highly probably that the two men will be freed. A resume of the fa mous case Is consequently in order: for the importance of MacDonald in the scheme of things can hard ly be understood without a com IAir Mail Schedules ___ The schedule for tne mail between Brownsville and Dallas ta announced oy the postoffice department a* fol lows: Southbound— Leave Dallas . 7:4! a. m Leave Ft Worth . 8:15 » m Leave Waco . 9 20 a m Leave Austin ... 10:23 a m | Leave San Antonio . 11:20 a m Arrive Brownsville . 2:05 p. ro Northbound Leave Brownsville . 1:23 p m Leave San Antonio . 4:13 p m Leave Austin . 3:10 p ro Lejvfe Waco . 6:15 p ro Lrove Ft Worth . 7:13 p m Arrive Delias . 7:33 p tn The schedule for the American alt mall to Mexico City Is as follows: Leave Brown.*vi:ie . 8:13 a m Arrive Tampico .il 00 a m Leave Tampico .11 30 a m Arrive Mexico City. 1:45 p m FoUowizg is the schedule for tb« Mexican air mall: Leave Mexico Ctty . 7 43 a. m Arrive Tampico .10-OOa m Leave Tampico ..10 23a m Arrive Brownsville ..12:55 p. m Following is the schedule on tm Browns vine-Marat :an Route: Leave Brownsville .8 00 a. m Leave Monterrey .0:45 a m Arrive Torreon . 12 so p m Leave Torreon . I 50 p ro Leave Torreon .I 00 p m Arrive Durango .2 45 p m leav- Durango . 4 10 p ro Arrive Mazatlan .4:15 o m Return trip Leave Mazatlan .8:01 a m Leave Durango .9:45 a m Leave Durango . 9 20 a m j Arrive Torreon .11:15 a m Leave Torreon ..1 :b0 a m Arrive Monterrey . 3 10 p ro Leave Monterrey .u 00 p. ro Arrive Brownsville . 4:30 p m POSTAL RATES The United Stater air mall postag rate is 3 cents Ter the first ounce an: 10 cents for each additional ounce j fraction thereof Letters mailed it the United States for the points tr Mexico take this rata Train Scho'Me* MISSOURI PACIFIC LINES No. 12—To Houston. San Antonie f:10 a m No. 14—To Houston 7 00 p. m No. 16—To Houston. San Antonie 9.00 P ru. No. 13—From St Louis. San Antonie Houston. 7:3o a m. No. 13— From Houston. 8:10 a. m No. 11—From San Antonio and Huua ion. 9:53 P tn SOUTHERN PACIFIC LINES No. 319—From Houston San A a to no 8:13 a. m No. 323—To Houston ban Antonio ;13 p. m NATIONAL LINES OE MEXICO (Matamoros Station t No. 133—To Monterrey. Mexicc City 1*05 a. ro. ’No. 131—From Mexicc City Monter «hi 3 *30 o cn RIO URANOt KAIL W AS From Point Isabel 4 p. ax. To Point Isabel. 9:30 a. oa I peats what he said in Baltimore, Mooney and Billings may soon be free men. San Francisco's Preparedness Day parade, held on July 22, 1916, cli maxed a decade of intense indus trial and political strife with nu merous strikes. When the parade was announced union labor characterized it as "an attempt to Prussianize America,” and announced that it would boy cott it. The atmosphere became tense with class feeling, aggravated by labor troubles in which Mooney played a leading part. Threatening notes had been sent to the mayor, union labor leaders and newspapers prior to the parade, warning them not to support the parade or march in it. Bomb Kills 10, Hurts 40 At 2:06 p. m., on July 22, as the parade was passing up Market street near Steuart, a bomb ex ploded on the sidewalk in a crowd of onlookers. Ten people were kill ed and 40 were injured. The outrage stirred the city. Re wards totaling S17.500 were offered before nightfall. Within four days the police ar rested Mooney, Rena, his wife. War ren K. Billings: Ed Nolan, president elect of a machinists’ local, and a jitney bus driver named Israel Weinberg, a friend of Mooney's. All were held on charges of murder. The prosecution declared that the five had ridden down Market street in Weinberg's car from No. 721 Market street: that Mooney and Billings had got out at the corner of Steuart street carrying a suit case containing the bomb; that they had put the suitcase on the side walk. got back in the car and dis- , appeared. MacDonald at Scene It was at this point that Mac Donald entered the picture. MacDonald had been standing in the crowd at Steuart and Market and had seen a man deposit there the suitcase which as later events proved, contained the bomb. He went to the police. A little later the police announced that he had positively identified Mooney and Billings as the men who put the suitcase there. Then the police produced another witness—one F. C. Oxman. a solid looking cattle rancher. Oxman also swore that he had seen the two men with the suitcase at that corner. Billings went to trial first. Mac Donald and Oxman gave the testi mony. MacCcnald. shifty and fur tive-looking was not an ideal wit ness: but Oxman was in appearance an intelligent respectable citizen. The newspapers dubbed him “the honest cattleman.” and the jury gave much weight to his testimony. Biilings was convicted and sen tenced to prison for life. Tells Conflicting Stories Now it becomes necessary’ to note 3 detail or two in MacDonalds testimony. At Billings' trial he told It as fol lows: Suffered for 25 Years With Rheumatism Mr. George Straka of Rowena Texas, says—I want to thank you for helping me to health and hap piness again, as your Alonzo Urban Treatment has entirely relieved me of Rheumatism after using every thing else recommended. No mat ter how long you have suffered or how many other remedies you have tried this Treatment will surely give you relief. $1.50 or full 35 Days Treatment for only $3.00, At Cisneros Drug Stores. adv. plcte picture of this sensafional drama. Missing Witness Found MacDonald was found in Balti more after the Baltimore Post ' printed an NEA Service picture of MacDonald. It became necessary to find him because Governor C. C. Young, in denying pardon to the two men. intimated that he would re-open the whole case if he could have a face-to-face talk with Mac Donald. Now he is going to have that talk; and if MacDonald re ■■ ■ ---n Signing a pardon for Tom Mooney?—John MacDonald, center, key witness in the famous Mooney case, is pictured hero after he was found as he signed a retraction of his former testimony, admit ting he lied in placing Mooney at the scene of the San Francisco bombing. Left to right are Harbert R. O'Connor, state's attorney: Charles Ruricka. MacDonalds attorney; MacDonald; Hilary W. Gans, another MacDonald attorney, and Frank P. Walsh of New York, attorney for Mooney. He—MacDonald was standing on Steuart street. He saw’ Billings whisper with Mooney for a minute, and set down a suitcase. The two then went across Maret street and were lost to sight in the crowd. MacDonald thereupon turned and walked down Market street. He had gone about 80 feet when the explo sion occurred. Since the explosion occurred at 2:06 p. m. that fixed the appearance of Mooney and Bil lings at this street corner at 2:03. at the earliest. Now' note the next point. Mooney came to trial and sprang an almost perfect alibi. One Wade Hamilton had taken a snapshot on the roof of the Ellers building, at 721 Mar ket street, more than a mile and a i quarter from the scene of the ex plosion. It showed Tom and Rena Mooney standing on the roof, with other spectators, leaning Over the edge to watch the parade—and a great clock across the street was in the picture, its hands pointing to the hour of 2:01! It would have been humanly im possible for Mooney to have been at the street comer at the time al leged by MacDona’d. This picture, incidentally, did not com? to light until after Billings' trial had been concluded. MacDonald Changes Story So. at the Mooney trial, MacDon ald changed his story. He said that it was somewhere between 1:30 and 1:40 p. m. that he saw Billings and Mooney with the suitcase—which wou’d give Mooney ample time to get hack to the Eilers building and be photographed there at 2:01. When Oxman corroborated this tes timony, Mooney was convicted of first degree murder and sentenced to hang. A storm of protest swept the country. Union labor took the con viction of Mooney as a direct blow at the cause of labor. The United States had Just entered the war; union labor's co-operation was es sential. President Woodrow Wilson investigated, and requested that Mooney s sentence be commuted, and the governor of California con sented. changing it to life impri sonment. Mooney and Billings went to prison—and are there today. Friends of the two men never gave up their fight. After long in vestigation they began to gnock big boles in the state’s case. In 1921 they unearthed MacDon ald in Ntw York. There he said that he had lied at the trials of the two men He had never seen either of them in his life, he said, until the police took him into the jail and pointed them out to him. He an nounced that he would come back and tell his story to a grand Ju~". Feared Perjury Charge But San Francisco authorities let :t be known that he would be pro secued for perjury and he disap peared again. Mooney and Billings stayed in prison. Then Oxman's testimony was knocked out. It was proved that he was 90 miles from San Francisco at the time of the explosion. Still it was impossible to win a new trial or a pardon for the two men. Rena Mooney. Nolan and Weinberg were released. Friends of the prisoners kept on fighting. They marshaled their facts, pointing out that Oxman had been discredited, that MacDonald had admitted lying; the judge ■ ’■I ..Mil—— 11 11 1 1 111 —— who had tried the two men an nounced that they had been con victed by mistake. So did nine of the ten surviving Jurors in the Mooney case. So did a San Fran cisco city detective who had helped get the evidence against them. This spring a new attempt to free them was made. Governor Young announced his readiness to review the case. Billings had been in prison before, and under the law could not be pardoned unless the i supreme court reviewed his case. Its finding was a new disappoint- I ment. It pinned its faith on Mac Donald's original story, adding Mooney and Billings, if they were innocent of the bombing, at least must have some guilty knowledge of! it. Governor Young followed .ills lead. He remarked that if McDon ald could be found and would re turn to San Francisco to repeat his recantation, something might be done. That looked hopeless. MacDonald h'*'* net been seen for nine vears The San Francisco News, however offered a $500 reward for his d.s- j covery. MacDonald's picture was broadcast over the country. And then the miracle happened. MacDonald turned up in Baltimore, repeating his retraction and offer ing to return to San Francisco and tell it to Governor Young in per son. Raymondville Winner of Highway Meet (Snerial to The Herald.) HARLINGEN. Aug. T—Raymond ville will be the scene of the next convention of the Hug-the-Coast highway aesbeiatioa, to be held j some time in October, the definite 1 date .tw be set later. The Valley town was selected un animously Wednesday by more than 300 delegates at the Palacios. Plans are already going forward for the meeting which is expected to be one of the most profitable since agi tation was begun for the state to take over the highway project. Back ers are now confident that the state , can be induced to take over the pro ' position at an early date, especially } as the project will not be delayed at that time by political considera I tions. Rex Baxter, secretary of the Rav j mondvllle chamber of commerce, ex perts about 800 delegates to the convention. • - ■ - - — i i--ii ■ ■■ ■ in. r Louisiana farmers plant leguir.fs In pastures whose growth is re [ tarued by lack of rain in the sum mer. j — .—..... First National Bank Established in 1891 BROWNSVILLE, TEXAS Firms and individuals who do their > banking here know that prompt, in telligent service and cordial rela tions with our rusoniers are two of the main reasons why this bank's deposits have been steadily mount ing through the years. We are glad to serve von in every way possible. 4% Compounded semi-annually paid on Savings Accounts - -- .- i A It will cost but a few cents a day to enjoy the convenience and the posi tive health protection afforded by Ice. This small cost is, mahy times, more than justified by the value of foods saved, for food—unprotected—spoils rapidly. It keeps on ice, and it keeps in a condi tion of fresh, appetizing, wholesome healthfulness. If you are not now using ice regu larly come in and let us explain to you the reasons why a few cents a day, invested in clean, pure, crystal-clear Central Power and Light Company Ice, will buy value away beyond the small cost. ^L■ 8KfHv/ia1 mkikl A| c HraEpHH|| ■, wPWmK Wi53Bwiii'winKTffliBWSnBMBHiB^WHB^88WwBlir Seen About Matamoros BY OSCAR CASTILLO Going up main street we find things rather quiet .. guess it's some sort o£ ••lazyitis” that sometimes gets into our systems at this time of the year .. and rambling up the chamber of commerce stairway .. we find Modesto Garcia .. employe ..looking happy .. and smiling .. j seeking information we are told that the chamber secretary tas written a letter to Collier's Weekly .. de nouncing the attitude taken by Owen P. White .. staff writer .. in comparing Brownsville and Mata moros in an article written for County Home magazine .. and walking on we hear comments on how successful the concert gnen by i the Union de Filarmonicos was .. wandering into a by-way street .. we discover that the Matamoros police department is exercising an ! unusually strict vigilance _ a j mounted officer rode up and asked: “Who are you? Where do you live? What is your work and why are yotf here?” .. after having answered the above questions .. and noticing how test the last of the sewer In stallation 's being put through .. we wandered to the Palacio Munici pal .. and Inquiring the "why” of the strict vigilance and question naire .. we are told that the police have put on a drive to keep unde sirable characters out of the city .. and consequently add to the safe ty of the residents .. and getting out of his car we have .. Erasmo Blanco .. police lieutenant ..going to his office .. says there is no news ..everything quiet .. and we have in the door of his place Julio Gal van .. big money exchange man .. smiling .. yes .. always good na tured and genial .. says that the money exchange business is pretty good .. and walking on we find .. Miguel Madrazo .. cotton raiser and landowner .. chatting with his brother .. Felipe .. and getting in to his car .. bound for Browns ville .. and we hear comments .. of how the cotton prices have re mained steady .. and that there is more bustling than cotton. A democrat. Judge Edward J. 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