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I Brownsville and the Valley: ! Mostly cloudy with ram Thursday night and probably Friday; warmer I Thursday night. FORTY-FIRST YEAR—No. 193 BROWNSVILLE, TEXAS, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 16, 1933 EIGHT PAGES TODAY 6c A COPY 1 ■ ^ IN OUR VALLEY TRIALS AND TRIBULATIONS » which come with the holding of ^high office have come to Pres.-Elect Franklin Roosevelt before his time. Honor and glory we give our chief executives and we also place them in positions of responsibility and danger. Rejoicing over the nation that our president to be escaped the bul lets of the would be assassin is tempered vith the .sobering realiza tion that our chief executives should be subjected to such dan gers. • • • E. v. sprowl, veteran Mis sion shipper, gives us a welcome ring over .he telephone to tell us some of the trials and tribulations of his business. Also gives us the information that northern markets have not yet ab sorbed all of this cabbage which is being sent to them by the Valley and gives the very sound opinion that we had better lay oil ship ping until they have. Mr. Sprowl practices what he preaches and quit shipping Wedues day after he had cut cabbage to fill his contracts. Calls our attention to one of the many inconsistencies prevalent in the Valky. When a land man sells an acre ; of land for $1,250 we call him some j big man, says Mr. 'prowl. And then when the shipper can't ] get enough for the crop fiom that, acre tt> show a prolit on tire invest- j ment, we cuss lnm out. Really we had not through o; it i What way, but wc can see how right llr. Sprowl is and how wrong all of us are to take that attitude, can t# you? Get pices, all prices, down to where they belong and lots ol our troubles will have been solved, hat s i what this veteran oi the Valley shipping game thinks. • • • BROWNSVILLE HERALD CAR ned a stoiy yesterday. Saying that the outlook lor Match cabbage prices, Is cheerful. This does not mpan that we should go haywire— And prepare to flood the market* with cabbage next month. Dribble the cabbage out to th.in— Tease their palates a little, And we can create a demand or bold up the existing demand. And get a price tor the potential kraut. Which is wnat wc want • • • IT REALLY SHOULD NOT BE necessary lor us to sa> it again, but | it appears to be. The Bro nsville Herald has r.o favwiu.- in tills congressional race I - • xhe good men and true who are in the race arc all personal ana business friends of our;. We are doing our best to give them all a break m the news. Only sorry are we that they all cannot win. The only advice we would give i Mpyotcr is this: Tk. to the meetings oi these can didate*. hear their views. Find out what they stand tor and why. Then cast >our ballot lor the tnau you think is ui best accoid with the best interests ot tlie loth tongrta sional district. • • • •FARM SERVICE MEN HAS A much nicer bound than -picketed.'' We arc glad that Hidalgo county leaders in this farm organization movement have chosen a name in keeping with the aims aud object* of their organization. Technically they may be picket ing. but you know and we know that now-a-days we have put com monly accepted meanings on words which some times brings about a false impression when a particular word is used. Valley people arc keeping then (Continued on Page Two) ^TTTTTTTTTTTTTTtTTTT • ^ ^ ' p Senate Adopts Repeal Resolution -— A* ■■ ... — ——— ' - — - '■ ■■■■■ ..... ■ ■■■■ ' ■ - 1 — GARNER SEES HOUSE OKEH NEXT MONDAY Protection For Dry States Promised In Measure WASHINGTON. Fob 16.—— The senate today adopted the Blame resolution for repeal of the prohi bition amendment, with protection lor dry states from liquor importa tions. ratification to be by state conventions. It now goes to the house. Mark'd bv Tension Only this morning Speaker Gai ner predicted that if the resolution were adopted by the senate in the form that it finally was. it would be approved by the house under sus pension of the rules on Monday. The senate vote on the 13 year old 18th amendment was marked by tension, the floor being crowded by members of the house of rep resentatives who stood behind the many senators seated so quietly in their chairs answering their names. 4H to 38 Vote Before the tinal vote, on which two-thirds was required, the sen ate by decisive majority votes re jected one niter another of at tempts by Sens. Gla>s *D, Va.», and Reed <R. Pa.), looking to out lawing the saloon m the constitu tion. The vote on the Blaine resolu tion was 63 to 23. By 46 to 38 it turned down Glass' endeavor to substitute the whole of the Blaine resolution with one by him to make the federal govern ment and the states concurrently responsible lor outlawing the saloon. ROSE CUP IS WON BY CITY Brownsville Leads Valley In Beautification Program Work Brownsville has won the Rose Cup from Mc Allen in the city ap pearance contest sponsored an nually by Monty's Monthly, it was announced at the completion of tj-bulations Thursday morning. San Benito ran a close second in the scoring. Plans are now being made for a formal presentation pf the cup to Brownsville by McAllen. The scoring was besed on the improvement shown by the cities in the period from June to December. Brownsville's appearance was im proved by 258 (joints under the svstem of scoring employed, while San Benito, m second, showed an improved score of 245. Other cities showing material improvement were Harlingen. Weslaco. Alamo. McAl len and Mission. The tally card showed that Brownsville and San Benito scored large gains in every phase of the scoring which is grouped under the following general heads Ap proaches to the city, business sec tion. public grounds of schools, public grounds of churches, parks. Mexican town, residence section, palms, general appearance of town. The scoring was delayed from December to January because of illness, but this worked to the ad vantage of practically every city in the contest, the judges announced, due to beautification work by labor paid by R F. C. funds. San Benito Tax Burden Is Eased SAN BENITO. Feb. 16,-The San Benito city commission in session Wednesday night voted to refund $167,000 of bonds and warrants out at 6r into 25 year bonds at 54*4. This move is expected to mate rially lessen the tax burden on San Benito residents, the commission ers state. The new refunding bonds will be come due in 1938. Frail Woman Heroine Of Assassin Try MIAMI. Fla.. Feb. 16_JP—A. frail, little woman, who forgot | her own danger to fling herself upon the ass sin trying to Kill the presict.nt-elect of the I niteo States, emerged today as the real heroine of the Miami drama of bullets. Excitedly, her eves dancing. Mn. W. F. Cross of Miami said she was standing on the same bench with the assassin when he opened fire over the heads of the throng, directly at the presi dent-elects party. “IVhen Pres.-Fleet Roosevelt stood up to make his speech.” she said, “so many stood up in front of me that I couldnt see. so 1 got up on a bench. “This man i/.angar ) stood up with me. and the bench almost folded up. "I looked around Then I saw he had a pistol and he began shooting the president elect. | grabbed his hand, which held the pistol, pushed it up in the air and called for help. "Tom Armour (a man stand ing nearhyi also grabbed his hand, and we held it up in the . air so he couldfi't shoot any more. “By that time some men were choking him.” MAJORITY VOTE SEEN FOR WEST — Backers Say Brownsville Man To Be Nominated Without Run-Off ‘ If Milton West receives 4 (.00 votes m Cameron county in the first primary, there will be no need Ifor » econd. as he will have a clear ! majority over the field/' a state ment issued today bv West head quarters in Brownsville says. Mi .Vest’s lead over the other candidates is not due. as some of the disgruntled candidates and’ex candidates would have us believe, to the 2.000 \otes in Duval county, but to the tact that he is the one can idate in the ra • who will receive a sizeable vote in every county in the district. The only thing that can ke^p him from winning the democratic nomma >n in the first primary might be the failure of Cameron countv to give him the majority ♦ Continued on Page Two) GUNMAN CAME TO U. S. FROM ITALY IN 1922 Would - Be Assassin Known As ‘Red’ And Anarchist HACKENSACK. N J.. Feb. 16. :.P, —Detective Sergeant Edward Metz ger this morning quoted Hugh Mc Quillan of the U. S. secret service as saying he was satisfied that Joe Zangara who lived here and m Pat erson for same time was the man who last night attempted to assa. - sinate ' s.-Elect Roosevelt. McQuillan. Mdzger said, came to Hackensack at 4 a m, this mom mg and questioned the family rf Frank ”anni at the Green Street address where Zangara at one t:me lived. No Trouble Before Zangara obtained his citizenship two years ago and has never be n in trouble with the police, according to a preliminary report made by po lice Chief Frederick Reppe; John J. Toohey, secretary to Gov. Moore. Toohey. acting on the governor's orders called upon Chiel Rcppetser ol Hackensack and Chief John A Murphy of Patron to make a thor ough investigation into the inci dents and associates of Zangar;.. According to Rcpperger’s first re port. Zangara was a colabrese who came here trom Italy 11 years ago and settled in Paterson. Zangara was a bricklayer and was a member of bricklayers local No. 2 :n Paterson and transferred to local No. 23 in Hackensack when he mov ed there. In 1930. the report states he owned an automobile. For a period in 1931. no informa tion concerning him is available, it (Continued on Page Two» Japs Preparing For Big Drive MUKDEN Manchuria. Feb. 16 - i.-Pi—Roads southward and west ward from this most important Manchurian city are alive day and night with Japanese and Man chukuo troops moving steadily to ward positions, whence they will “jump off.” probably within tw-j weeks, for the long-awaited in* \asion of Jehol province. The drive along the 200 m!i* front is expected to bring the big gest Sino-Japanesc* clash since fighting began in September. 193t. with the capture of this city by the Japanese. Roosevelt Tells Story Of Attempt on His Life E'N ROUTE WITH PRES-ELECT ROOSEVELT TO NEW YORK. Feb. 16 — i/P'— Relaxing on the train carrying him to New York, President-Fleet Roosevelt today told the story of the attempted assassination of himself. He was persuaded by newspaper men to permit it to be published! Here it is: "I have heard so many accounts myself that I have been trying to think what really happened as I saw it. •'After I had finished speaking, someone from the talking picture people climbed on the back of the car and said you must repeat that speech for us. I said I would not. i He said 'Wc have come 1.000 miles ; for this.’ I said. I am very sorry but I ran t do it.’ Having said that. I slid off the back of the car into my seat. "Just then Mayor Cermak came forward and I talked with him about a minute about Chicago In general. Then he moved off be hind the car. Bob Clark (one of the secret service mem was stand ing right by him. As he moved away, a man came forward with a long telegram and started tell ing me what it contained. While he was talking I leaned forward. Just then I heard what I thought ; was a 'ire r acker, then several more. The man talking with me pulled back and the chauffeur started the car. I looked around and saw Mayor Cermak doubled up with Mrs. Gill collapsing. I told the chaufieur to stop. He did. About 15 feet from where we started The secret serv ice men shouted to him "Get out Of the crowd " The chauffeur start ed again and I stopped him again, this time at the corner of the bandstand. "Looking back I saw Cermaa being carried along and we put him in our car. He was alive but I was afraid he wouldn't last. 1 got my hand on his pulse and found nene. He was on the sea; with me and 1 had my lelt arm around him. He slumped forward A detective from Miami, standing on the running board on that side oi the car was leaning over him. He said after we had gone a coiv pie of blocks he was afraid Cer mak would not last. •I, too. was fearful. Just then Cermak straightened up and I got his pulse. That was si prising i For three blocks I actually believe his heart had stopped. "I held! him all the way to the hospital, and his pulse constantly t Continued on Page Seven) IX LINE OF ASSASSIN’S EIRE ROOSEVELT CFRMAK DAM SURVEY WORK BEGINS Gigantic Task of Storing Rio Grande’s Water Under Way * • Special to The Herald) SAN BENITO. Feb. 16. iP>—Sur vey work on damsites on the Rio Grande was started yesterday by a group of engineers working under the International Boundary com mission. according to announce ment made at the headquarters of- , lice here today. Joaquin C. Bustamente. consult ing engineer of the Mexican sec tion of the commission, and C. M \ ms worth of El Paso, consulting engineer of the American section, are in the Valley cooperating with other officials and engineers in starting the work. Col. S. F. Crecelius wi’J be In 1 charge of the actual survey, and the work will be done under the guidance ol W. E. Anderson of San Benito, consulting engineer. The present survey, which is a joint project, financed by the American half of the commission, | will include two damsites. one at Salineno, about 15 miles above Roma, and the other at El Jardin. a point about hallway between Laredo and Eagle Pass. These arc two of the main stor i .ige dams proposed in a plan to conserve a large part of the over - llow waters of the Rio Grande. using both the electric power I which can be generated, and the i water lor irrigation and other com 1 mcrcial uses. Attention oi me engineering; groups of the two nations was turned to this project following the signing of a treaty recently cover ing the division of waters and changing of the channel of the riv er m the Juarez valley section near El Paso. That treaty applied only to the waters in that section, and ha* no rlfect in the Lower Rio Grande Valley. — —— ..- ■ — Extortionist Takes Life When Trapped KANSAS CITY. Feb. 16. f.T —Out witted by a 19-year-old nurse maid from the Ozarks and the wife of ; the banker whose home he had in vaded, an extortionist took his life as police cornered him in the home o. B. Crosby Kemper. The extortionist, identified by police as K. W. Lattin. 34, unem ployed son of a rooming house proprietor here, voiced threats of death against Mrs. Kemper. Ann Wilde, the nurse maid, and Mrs. Kemper’s 9-year-old daughter. Sal ly Ana. 1 __ Gordon Griffin To Speak Here Tonight Gordon Griffin of McAllen, can didate for congress, will speak in Brownsville tonight in the district ■court room at 7:45 o'clock. A vigorous attack on State Sen. Archie Parr, which Griffin has been j making in other addi esses, will be i continued here, he has announced. Sidelights On Shooting At Miami WASHINGTON. I-eb. IK— P — Reversing it* previous action fol lowing the effort lo assassinate President-Fleet Roosevelt, the house judiciary committee today favorably reported the Fslick bill for heavy penalties on those who advocate overthrow of the goverument by force or resistance to federal or state officials. WASHINGTON, Feb IK— r>— A demanJ for immediate senate action on a bill for exclusion or expulsion of alien communists In view of the attempt on the life of President-Fleet Roosevelt was blocked in the senate today by an objection from Senator Borah (R.» Idaho). WASHINGTON, Feb. IK— rP — Mrs. Franklin D. Roosevelt here after will lx* guarded from any possible attack, treasury officials said today, but declined to in dicate how I his w ould he done. The attempt on the life of the president elect last night has caused government agencies to exert every effort to prevent a repetition of such attacks on of ficials or members of their fam ilies. WASHINGTON, Feb. 16—^— • Continued on Page Two) CERMAK RESTS MUCH EASIER AT HOSPITAL Assassin’s Fire Fails To Hit Roosevelt; Wounds Five MIAMI. Fla., Feb. 16. —A wo man's bravery saved pres.-Elec: Franklin D. Roosevelt from assassin ation but five other persons were wounded by bullets intended for him and today they lay in a hos pital, some near death, as the man who fired the shots was held in jail. Among the seriously wounded was Mayor Anton J. Cermak of Chica go. Shortly before noon Cermak was reported "resting much easier” and attending doctors said no unfavor able developments had arisen. Aft er visiting the wounded at the iics pital Roosevelt took a tram this morning for New York. Fires Five Times The attempted asassination came as a melodramatic climax !o a happy scene of welcome in beauti ful bay front park last night. The ‘ president-elect had just re turned from a fishing trip, tanned, healthy, ready for the long hard ; task anead. He drove to the crowd ed park and spoke a few works of greeting to thousands gathered j there. Then Giuseppe Zangara, a swarthy former bricklayer, climb ed on a bench beside Mrs. W. F. i Cross of Miami. He rested a pisicl on the shoulder of a man in front of him and began firing at the Roosevelt, car. some 25 feet away. Turmoil and uproar were immedi ate. Mrs. Cross threw herself upon the man beside her, clutching his arm and sj>oihng his aim. The ■ president-elect, was saved, but these i dose to him were less fortunate. As citizens, police and secret ser i v ice men hurled them.-elves on 1 Zangara and the cry of “kill nim’ rose from the infuriated crowd. Mayor Anton Cermak of Chicago I fell with a bullet in his abdomen. Nearby Mrs. Joe Gill of Miami al- j (Continued on Page Two) Michigan Banks May Get Congress’ Aid DETROIT, Feb 16. <P— Some of the Detroit's millions of “money in banks" becomes -money in pocket books" today for the first time since last Saturday noon. Added encouragement to citizens ■ hard pressed lor cash because of the | eight-day bank holiday proclaimed by Gov. William A. Comstock last Tuesday morning came the an nouncement that Pres. Hoove; would ask congress to enact emer gency legislation which would re lieve' the banking situation in i Michigan. _ Mrs. Roosevelt Remains Calm at News of Shooting ITHACA, N. Y. Feb. 16- Pi— j Outwardly calm and yet giving evidence in speech and appearance of inner perturbation. Mrs. Frank lin D. Roosevelt arrived here to day as a representative of her husband, who narrowly escaped an assa.Nfcin'a bullets in Miami last night. During his years as governor. Mr. Roosevelt annually delivered ar. address at the farm and home week at Cornell University. Th:S year he could not do so and his wife agreed to take his place, She heard of the Miami shooting be fore leaving New York last night, but took the train she had planneo because ‘T have a habit of doing things I have said I will do ’’ Although Mrs. Roosevelt's party had reservations on a regular; passenger tram their car was cut out during the night and maae into a separate train. Railroad of ficials said however, that this action was not taken because of the happening at Miami. Mrs. Roosevelt was met at the station when she arrived shortly after 8 a. m„ by Miss Flora Rose, ; dean of the college of home eco nomics. who is her hostess for the day. She went immediately to Miss Rose's home, stopping only to ask the latest news concerning the condition of Mayor Cermak of Chicago and the others wounded1 by the shots fired into the crowd surrounding her husband. Last night she talked over the telephone with the president-elect, broke the news gently to his moth er, conferred over the telephone with her son Elliott, in New York and sent to Groton school n» Massachusetts a telegram request ing that the Roosevelt boys. Frank lin. Jr., and John, be told in the morning and assured that their father was all right. “Franklin is all right, for whicn I am very, very thankful.” sne said, “therefore, I see no reason why I should not go to Ithaca as I am supposed to do. There is noth ing here.” Mrs. Roosevelt received the news from her daughter. Mrs Curtis Dali as she was entering her house in East 65th street. She had attended earlier in the eve ning a meeting of employes of a motion picture firm. Her only comment was “This is what happens to you if you are in public life” She immediately put in a long distance call for hex bu.sband, whom she located at the hospital in Miami with Mayor Cermak. and. while waiting for the call to be completed, went in and told nis mother what had happen cd. “She took it very well,’* Mrs Roosevelt said. BIG SHOT IS RECEIVED’ BY FEDERAL MEN Warrant Charges Use Of Mails To Defraud NEW YORK, fcb. 1«. fAPi — Oscar M. Hart roll, arrested today when hr arrived from England, waived examination before U. S» Citmmr. Francis A. O'Neill, waa held in $10,000 hail and will Irate tonight or early tomorrow for Sioux City, Iowa. NEW YORK. Feb. 16—JP-Qsca» Merrill Hartzell, deported from England as an undesirable alien, v.as arrested at quarantine on a mail fraud charge as ho arrived today on the liner Champlain. A reception committee consist ing of a district attorney, three post office inspectors and a dep uty United Slates marshal rode down the way to meet Hartzell and serve a warrant which charged him with using the mails to defraud and conspiracy. Virtually Detained The officers found him in th® chief pursers office, where he waa virtually being detained. He had been accompanied across the ocean by G. W. Ray of Birmingham, Ala., who is vice consul for the United States in London. Hartzell was taken from the boat to the federal building to be ar raigned before United States Com missioner Francis A. O'Neil who signed the warrant for his arrest. On the boat Hartzell refused to give an interview but Assistant United Stales Attorney Alvin Syl vester quoted him as saying that “everything is one hundred per cent above board." Hartzell is accused of collecting more than $1,000,000 from persons in the middle west by describing himself as the rightful heir to an alleged mythical estate of Sir Francis Drake, the estate amount ing. according to Hartzell. de scription. to more than $22,500, 000.000. Post office inspectors sal that he promised to return t1 money of the investors a thouse fold. Sylvester said Hartzell would te. him nothing more of importance. He indicated, however, that he would waive hearing on removal charges, furnish a bond and go to Iowa without custody. Izickef in Cabin The arresting officer was Dep uty Marshal George J. Octzel. He did not serve the warrant until Hartzell had been interviewed by Sylvester and three postal inspee tors, O. B. Williamson of Wash ington. H. M. Graham of New York, and John Sparks of Sioux City, Iowa. Hartzell. a one time farm hand who was reared in Monmouth, 111., has the appearance of a suc cessful middle western farmer, although he has resided in Lon don for the past 13 years. Stewards on the Champlain said Hartzell spent most of his time in his cabin. He was locked up last night but did not know it. the door being opened before he awoke this morning. This action was taken on orders from the captam who had received a radiogram from federal officials. Seed Loan Men Attend Parley ^Special to The Herald) M'ALLEN. Feb 16.-~Ed On.shJt and Eugene Torbett. field inspec tors for the Department of Agri culture's crop production loans, left today for a two-day meeting at Dallas where they will receive instructions regarding the 1933 loans. Thev expect to return to the Valley to open the period for re ceiving applications by February 24. Santa Fe Railway President Visit* J H Keefe, president of the Santa Fe railway, left here by Pan American plane Thursday morning for a trip to Mexico City. The rail president, who came here Thursday morning by rail from Chicago, was accompanied bv Mrs. Keefe. He stated that he expected to re turn to the United tates about Feb. 27 over the central Mexico airlines. r W'Vr+ v v t v ■* w V 4T? MARKETS A T GLANCE NEW YORK Stocks heavy; losses reduced in dull trading. Bonds heavy; rails and U. S. governments decline. Curb heavy; utilities react. Foreign exchanges strong; gold currencies rally. Cotton quiet; March liquida tion; southern selling. Sugar firm; active commission house buying. Coffee quiet; poor spot demand. CHICAGO Wheat firm; large Canadian ex ports. Corn unsettled; heavier re ceipts. Cattle strong to 25 higher; bet ter grades mostly 25 up. Hogs weak to 10 lower.