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Brownsville herald. [volume] (Brownsville, Tex.) 1910-current, May 07, 1933, FINAL SUNDAY EDITION, Image 2

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(Special to The Herald)
HARLINGEN, May 6. —Funeral
arrangements had been made Sat
urday for two of the three victims
of the triple tragedy which oc
curred here late Friday afternoon
to which Charles E. Scogin shot
to death his wife and Mrs. G. H.
Raymond and then committed sui
Thompson's announced that
services for Scogin would be hold
at 4 o’clock Sunday afternoon from
their Raymondville ohapel and
that burial would be in Raymond
ville cemetery. He is survived by a
stepmother and by a sister. Kate,
at Ridge, Texas.
Couple Separated
Services for Mrs. Raymond will
be held here at 2:30 o’clock Sun
day with interment in Restlawn
cemetery, according to Stotler
Burdette Mortuary.
The services are to be conducted
at the Stotler-Burdette chapel with
Rev. L. A. Boone in charge.
Active pall bearers are L. F. An
drews, F. E. Sutton, H. E. Ewisher,
P. L. Raper, L. C. Bobo and Mr.
Thomas. Honorary pall bearers: Geo.
Aschbaker, Edgar Lear, Harry ferit
tain, Joseph Schmidt, Seth Dun
can, Woody Gray, Roy Bowlin and
W. S. Steger.
Arrangements for the funeral of
Mrs. Scogin are being held up
pending arrival of relatives. She
has four brothers in Oklahoma.
Thompson is in charge.
The shooting is said to have oc
curred in an alley off First St.
just back of the Mueller-Raymond
Hardware Co.
" “ 'ftie Scogins, who separated re
cently, were said to have been
riding about the city in a car bor
rowed from H. E. Swisher and were
parked at the rear of the store. In
side were Mr. and, Mrs. Raymond
with whom Mrs. Scogin had been
staying during the estrangement
with her husband. They had prac
tically reared her, it was stated,
and they offered to take care of
her during her trouble. In the
store also were Mr. and Mrs. L. F.
Andrews with whom the Raymonds
and Mrs. Scogin roomed.
Shoots Three Times
Mrs. Raymond is said to have
gone out to advise Scogin that
Swisher wanted his car back. Sco
gin is said to have drawn a pistol
and fired at her, the bullet striking
her in the breast. A statement by
Andrews, who said he heard the
shot, said Scogin then put one arm
around his wife and placed the
pistol to her head, firing it. Then
he put it to his own temple, filing
it a third time. Raymond, who
ran out almost in time to catch his
wife as she was falling, jumped at
Scogin and began beating him im
mediately after the third shot was
fired. The Scogins died immediate
ly but Mrs. Raymond was rushed
to the Valley Baptist hospital
where she died shortly afterwards.
Scogin had escaped injury the
night before in an auto wreck in
which two women were injured
and brought to the hospital here.
News Shorts
Of Cameron
SAN BENITO—Manager J. E.
Bell of the chamber of commerce
reports an increase in the number
of inquiries regarding San Benito
and surrounding country.
RIO HONDO—Eldon Schackel
ford, underwent a major operation
at the Valley Baptist Hospital. Har
lingen, this week.
LOS INDIOS—Mrs. John Fry is
recovering from an operation per
formed at the Valley Baptist hos
pital, Harlingen.
R. Moore, 91. of Raymondville, who
fell and broke a thigh Friday morn
ing, was taken to the Valley Bap
tist hospital, Harlingen.
HARLINGEN—Myron F. Ward,
formerly manager of the chamber
of commerce here, has just finished
seed loan work in the San Antonio
territory, friends have learned.
SAN BENITO—The Rotary club
will be represented at the district
convention in Galveston this week
by M. A. Thompson who will remain
over for a convention of morticians.
SAN BENITO—One man has been
jailed in connection with forger
ies and another is being sought for
alleged passage of worthless checks,
joee Vargas Souliner, formerly pub
lisher of a Mexican weekly at
Brownsville, is in jail in default of
$1000 bond in conection with an
alleged forgery in the name of W. E.
Andesoson, engineer, and another
man, formerly with the Cameron
County News here, is being sought
in connection with passing of worth
less checks.
HARLINGEN—Hotel and other
convention facilities were inspected
this week by Harvey W. Draper
and J. H. Painter of Houston in
preparation for the Texas League of
Municipalities meeting scheduled
here in October.
HARLINGEN—Orville R. Eby had
Thomas F. Bourke of Chatanooga,
agency supervisor for the Volunteer
State Life Ins. Co., as his guest for
several days.
HARLINGEN—Employment and
other services will be given by the
neero civic league at its new head
Quarters at 723 W. Wright St.

HARLINGEN—Relief Officer Joe j
Roberts reports $2,385 paid from
RPC funds to 700 persons during the !
Judge Geo. C. Westervelt. judge i
of the criminal district court at
Corpus Christi. was a visitor in
Rrownville Saturday.
Industrialist Urges 32-Hour Week
0 ■■ ' ' ' " ■ ii .—■ ■ - 1
Proposing a 32-hour week and fed al authority to fix minimum wage*
by various localities, Gerard Swope, president of the General Electric
Company, is shown (right) as he testified before the House Labor
Committee in Washington on the Black 30-hour-week bill. Represen
tative William P. Connerv. committee chairman, is at the left.
LONDON, May 6. tP)—Uncle
Sam’s dollars again took a sound
trouncing in the money marts of
Europe today and mainly owing to
heavy continental selling, tobog
ganed to $4.06 in relation to the
pound. This is a record low value
for the dollar since just after Great
Britain left the gold standard in
September. 1931.
While speculative selling was the
main factor in pulling down the dol
lar there was another startling de
velopment which had its effect. A
press report from Washington that
there would prohably be a mora
torium on war debts was apparent
ly misconstrued in some quarters
in the city into the belief that a
moratorium actually had been offi
cially decided upon. This belief
strengthened the pound against
both the dollar and the French
City Briefs
W. B. Sellers and L. Dreber of
Dallas are among the visitors in
Fred Battersby of Philadelphia,
Pa., arrived in the city Friday to
spend a few days.
John C. Wood is here from Dal
las until Monday. He arrived in
Brownsville Friday.
PLATE LUNCH, 15c. The Mecca, j
Mr. and Mrs. Pat O’Malley of San
Antonio are spendnig the week end
in Brownsville.
Dr. and Mrs. J. M. Temples of
Joplin, Mo., arrived here Saturday
and plan to spend a few days in the
E. M. Colley of San Antonio is
visiting here for a short time.
L. H. McDaniels of Fort Worth
arrived here Saturday and will spend
several days in Browmsville.
Valley school teachers’ notes.
Firestone Service Stores, Inc.,
Brownsville only, will take your
state available notes on tire pur
chases. No discount.—Adv.
Dr. Charles Calderoni is attend
ing the Texas Dental Convention at
San Antonio May 7, 8, 9. The society
is holding its annual meeting there
this year.
F. D. Wilson, Jr., and W. P. Rog
eds of McAllen are spending the
week end in the city.
Dickey’s Old Reliable Eye Water
brightens and clears a dull, tired
eye. Adv. (7)
Sam R. Young is here from Cin
cinnati Ohio, for a brief visit.
Miss Elizabeth Deaton is visiting
in the city from Joplin, Mo. She
arrived here Saturday.
Harvey W. Draper and Lester
Norris are among Houston visitors
in Brownsville.
A party from Indianapolis, Ind.,
includes Ben Denning, Charles Bar
be, Malcolm Kennedy, who plan to
be here for a few days.
San Antonio business callers here
include H. K. Johnson and Louis
J. A. Shelten is here from Minnea
polis, Minn., for a short time.
(Continued From Page One)
steering committee representing the
Association of National Manufac
turers, and in addition received en
dorsement by a 9 to 1 vote from the
committee of the nation, composed
of more than 700 leaders of the na
tional life, banded together to chart
a way upward from the depression.
Among those of the steering com
mittee of the manufacturers asso
ciation are J. H. Rand, Jr., New
York manufacturer; Lammot Du
Pont, of Wilmington, Del.; Robert
P. Lamont, former secretary of com
merce and now head of the steel in
stitute, and former Gov. O. Max
Gardner of North Carolina. The as
sociation last week resolved in favor
of reviving the council of national
defense, but Mr. Rand said today
the committee now had approved the
plan for putting men back to work
and manufacturers over the coun
try were being notified of the action.
Receiver Named
Marc Jenkins of McAllen was
named receiver for the Los Olmos
Gas & Oil company by Judge A. M.
Kent here Friday afternoon.
The petition asking receivership
was filed by H. T. Strong and oth
Jennings will operate the com
pany’s wells which are located in
Starr county.
Baccalaureate services for El
Jardin high school will be held
Sunday May 14 at 8:15 p. m. in the
school auditorium. The program
is as follows: Processional, Ellis Ray
Rasco at the piano; two songs by
El Jardin choir; special music by
quartet composed of Messrs. F. E.
Baird, John Carr Sewell, Wilker
son and W. H. Huffman; invoca
tion by Rev. E. P. Day; anthem by
choir; sermon by Rev. Day; dox
ology by choir and benediction by
Rev. Day.
Candidates for graduation are
graduation are Charles Kemper,
Jr., John E. Lokey, Barbara Var
non, RiSa Villafranca. Charles
Benn, Juanita Adams, Bonny Lou
Vicars, Walter Chitwood, Jr., Avis
Personette, Dorothy Glemser, Loula
Gantt, Pauline Wilson, Merlin Ras
co, Neil Smith, Maurine Barnes,
George Hanna, Mildred Froyd, Iona
Honor students are Iona Ford,
first; Mildred Froyd. second; George
Hanna, third; Maurine Barnes,
fourth; Neil Smith, fifth; Merlin
Rasco, sixth; Pauline Wilson, sev
(Continued From Page One)
beginning of better weather in some
Middle-Western consuming markets
indicated there was justification for
a slight rise.
The Valley shipped 61 cars Fri
day night. Florida dropped to 25.
Mexico did not ship any, making the
total for the country only C6 cars.
Florida shipments every day are
under the estimated movement. Val
ley dealers were asking generally
$1:65 to $1.75 per 30-lb lug for No.
1 tomatoes, and for No. 2 propor
tionately lower.
Tire bulk of the Valley’s crop is
grading No. 1.
Shippers would not predict what
the market would be next week.
Some of them were afraid of un
usually heavy movement over the
weekend because of so many load
ings. Others pointed to small har
vesting Friday, which was a Mexi
can holiday, and Saturday, usually
a half day for work, and did not
think shipments would be so heavy.
The feeling is general that if
Florida and Mexico shipments con
tinue as light as they have been
the past few days, and warmer
wreather comes to the consuming
market that there will be a great
stimulus to the demand for Valley
The Valley has shipped 137 car
loads of tomatoes to date by rail
and approximately 70 cars by'trucx
for a total of 557 cars.
It is estimated that the shipments
so far have resulted in distribu
tion of approximately $275,000
among Valley farmers, and the deal
is less than one third through.
Trouble With Japs
Seen in Expulsion
TOKYO, May 6. i/P.i—controversy
involving the United States and
Japan was predicted today as a re
sult of the alleged expulsion of 112
Japanese laborers from the island of
Guam, a United States possession
is the site of an American naval
The newspaper Kokumin Shun
bun attacked what it described as
the “outrageous order” of Capt. Ed
mund Spence Root, U. S. N„ the
governor of Guam, “deporting” the
It said the governor refused to
renew residence permits for the la
borers which expired after s’x
Texan Given Life
SAN SABA. May 6.—Charlie
Langford has been convicted of
murder and sentenced to 99 years’
imprisonment for the slaying of his
father, Rufe Langford, at Goldth
waite in 1931.
Defense attorneys announced
that they would file a motion for
a new trial.
Probe Blast Report
LONGVIEW. May 6. —</P)—Offi
cers today were investigating a re
port that the 12-inch pipe line of
the Texas Empire Company had
been blasted and an undetermined
amount cf oil lost last night.
The explosion occurred about 12
miles southwest of Longview near i
Camp Switch. The concussion was
felt in Longview.
New' suits in district court: As
sociated Seed Growers, Inc., vs.
Wade & Newton. Inc., et al; W. W.
Johnston vs. Port Isabel Securi
ties company, suit on judgment had
in Nassau county, New York.
There are 300 dialects in the 45
stock Indian languages, according
to the Smithsonian Institution.
The Parthenon in Athens has a
color scheme which includes red,
blue and gold.
WASHINGTON, May 6. —— j
America and Italy clasped hands 1
in agreement tonight on a program
of world recovery encompassing
arms reduction, a tariff truce, a
return to a gold standard, an in
temational plan of public works
building and a world-wide expan
sion of credit.
War Debts Talked
In language concrete,and Imper
ative, these steps were set forth
by Pres. Roosevelt and Italy’s fin
ance minister. Guido Jung, as the
uoshot of four days of intensive
concentration upon the world’s
economic ills.
War debts too were discussed
between them.
To reporters at the handsome
stone Italian embassy on 16th
Street. Jung said in answer to
“We explored the debts problem
sympathetically and in a spirit of
friendliness, each of us setting
forth the point of view of his own
government. There was no agree
ment nor decision.”
Italy owes the United States
aoout $2,000,000,000 but enjoys the
easiest payment terms of any major
dabtor nation.
In a second joint statement at
the White House an American
Argentine accord on world econo
mic revival was made known as a
series of earnest talks with Dr.
Tomas A. Le Breton of the far
Sjuth American republic likewise
drew to a close and the president
turned to face German and Chin
efe spokesmen.
Stress London Parleys
The president and the quiet rep
resentative of Italy’s Mussolini em
phasized together that “if normal
life is to be resumed,” the world
economic conference meeting at
London June 12 must succeed and
reach its conclusions quickly if a
destructive economic warfare is to
be avoided.
“We agree that political tran
quility is essential for economic
stability; that economic disarm
ament can take place only in a
world in which military disarm
ament is possible,” said their state
“A truce in the field of tariffs
and other obstacles to international
trade is essential if the conference
! is to undertake its labors w!TTl any
hope of success.
“We are in agreement that a
fixed measure of exchange values
must be re-established in the world
and we believe this measure must
be gold.***”
Truck Markets
Sales to Jobbers reported Friday,
May 5:
Potatoes: (Tex 50 lb sacks Bliss
Triumphs US No Is unless other
wise stated.) Pittsburgh 1.10-1.25.
Detroit 1.10-1.30. Cleveland few
sales 1.10-1.15. Fort Worth mostly
1.00. Denver 1.50-1.55. Kansas City
100 lb sacks mostly around 2.05. St.
Louis 1% inch min 1.15-1.25. Chi
cago' .sacked per cwt 2.60.
Onions: (Tex 50 lb sacks Yellow
Bermudas US Com. unless other
wise stated.) Phila 75c-1.00. Pitts
burgh 75-90c. St. Louis 85c. De
troit 1-1.10. Chicago 70-80c. Kan
sas City 90c-1.00. New York 85c
1.00. Boston mostly 1.05-1.10. Cleve
land mostly 1.00.
Carrots: (Texas lettuce half
crates unless otherwise stated.)
Boston Calif crates 2.75-3.00. St.
Louis 1.25-1.35. New York 1.05
1.18. Chicago 90c-1.00. Phila most
ly 1.40. Pittsburgh 1-1.15.
Cucumbers: (Texas bushel baskets
US No Is unless otherwise stated.)
St. Louis 2-2.25. Chicago fancy
2.25-2.40. Kansas City 2.25. Phila
2.75. New York half lettuce crates
fancy 1.50.
Tomatoes: fTex lugs 6x6 and
larger green ripe and turning wrap
ped unless otherwise stated.) Chi
cago 2-2.25. Kansas City US No Is
mostly 2-2.15. Cincinnati 2-2.15.
Philadelphia US Is 1.75-2.25. Pitts
bugh 2.25-2.50. Fort Worth fair
quality 1.35-1.40. Denver US No Is
6x7 2.50-3.25. Boston no Texas
stock reported.
Carlot shipments of the entire
United States reported Friday, May
Snap Beans: Fla 56, La 6, Texas
1, total US 63 cars.
Beets: N. Car 1, Texas 3, Va 2.
total US 6 cars.
Cabbage: Ala 21. Calif 3, Fla 5,
Ga 5, La 7. Miss 49. N Y 1. N. Car
2. S. Car 12, Texas 3, Va 2. total
US 110 cars.
Carrots: Ariz 5. Calif 18, N Y 8,
Texas 17, total US 48 cars.
Corn: Fla 2. Texas 11. total US
13 cars.
Cucumbers: Fla 6, Ohio 2, Texas j
21. total US 29 cars.
Mixed Vegetables: Ala 2. Calif 20, i
Fla 12. Ill 1, La 4. Ore 16, N. Car
8. S. Car 8, Texas 15, Va. 4, total
US 90 cars.
Onions: Mich 4, N Y 1, Ore 1,
Texas 60, Utah 1, total US 67 cars.
Potatoes: Ala 65, Colo 5, Fla 108,
Idaho 65, La 36 Me 143. Mich 74.
Minn 34. N Y 9, N. Dak 7. Texas
5. Wash 8. Wise 31, others 12. total
US 602 cars.
Tomatoes: Fla 25, Texas 61, total
US 86 cars.
Lower rtio uranae vauey move
ment forwarded Saturday morning,
May 6:
Mixed vegetables 10. cabbage 3,
carrots 13. beets and carrots 3,
tomatoes 61. potatoes 5. parsley 1,
onions 3, com 11. total 110 cars.
Total to date this season—Citrus
fruit 3022, vegetables 12,882. mixed
fruits and vegetables 59. total 15,
963; to same day last season—Cit
rus fruit 6044, vegetables 14,421,
mixed fruits and vegetables 142,
total 20.607 cars.
Coastal Bend shipments reported
Friday, May 5:
Onions 31, cucumbers 16. beets 3,
beets and carrots 2, mixed vege
tables 2. carrots 2, snap beans 1.
total 57 cars.
Two Die In Crash
The crash of an army plane in a
pasture near Devine has resulted
todav in death to Lieut. Edmund
Wolf, pilot, and Staff Sgt. Bichard
L. Meredith, his companion.
Their plane fell yesterday while
they were on a cross-ccuntrv flight
from Brooks Field. Devine is about
50 miles southwest of San Antonio.
New Governor
of Puerto Rico
Twelve years ago a Roosevelt-for
President advocate, Robert H.
Gore, Florida publisher, selected
for appointment as Governor of
Puerto Rico, is shown leaving the
White House after conferring witl
President Roosevelt.
(Special to The Herald)
SAN BENITO. May 6.—First pro
gram of the series to be sponsored
during Music Week by the Wednes
day Morning Music club will be in
the form of a sacred concert at 4
p. m. Sunday at the Methodist
church with singers from various
congregations participating.
H. F. Springfield will direct the
Tuesday night there will be a var
ied program in the same churh
while various churches will nave
special music at their Wednesday
night prayer services.
The schools will co-operate with
I a special musical program at as
semblies and a recital presenting
members of the high school girls’
glee club also will be had.
Sunday’s program at the church
Organ prelude, Robert K. Reed.
Hymn by congregation, “Come
Thou Almighty King.”
Anthem by choir, “Hark, Hark,
My Soul,” (Shelley).
Address by Rev. W. R. Oliver of
the Christian church on “The Spiri
tual Values of Music.”
Vocal solo, “Ave Mariak”(Schu
bert) by Mrs. James D. Ward.
Anthem, “The Heavens are Tell
ing,” by choir.
Trio, “Now the Day is Over,” Miss
Maud Nosier, Mrs. James D. Ward,
Mrs. E. F. Brady.
(Continued From Page One>
the officers said, planned it and,
they believe, executed it.
Two Calls Made
Tuesday afternoon two telephone
calls paved the way for the kidnap
ing. One was to the McMath home
and asked that the telephone re
ceiver be left off 10 minutes while
the telephone line was being test
ed. The other was to the school in
which “Peggy” was a pupil. The
caller said he was her father and
wanted her dismissed when the
“chauffeur” arrived.
At 2:15 a car driven by a man
who appeared to be a negro drove
up to the school. The child was re
leased and taken into the car, which
drove away.
What happened to her then was
told by “Peggy” herself.
“We drove along about 10 min
utes to a small road that ended in a
cranberry bog. I never was there
before. He told me to get into the
back seat and said, ‘if you make any
noise I’ll chloroform you’.”
They drove to a cranberry bog.
There her captor bound her and
left her for “a long time.” Then
a man came and walked her ‘across
lots” to a building.
There he kept her “all that night
and Wednesday, and Wednesday
night and Thursday and part of
Thursay night.”
‘‘I was all alone during the day
light.” she went on, “but at night
the same man came and brought me
a ham sandwich and some milk.
“He always talked In a whispery
voice and said he was my friend.
*** He tolk me not to make any
noise because the gang was around
all the time and he was trying to
get me back to my mother.”
•Contact’ Established
And in the meantime the moves
were made to collect the ransom.
Wednesday the first “contact” was
established between the parents and
the kidnapers. It was through Cyril
Buck. He visited William Lee, Mc
Mach’s business associate and told
him the kidnapers had communi
cated with him. The word was pass
ed to the parents, and a demand
made for proof.
Samples of the child’s handwrit
ing were produced. Cyril communi
cated the demand for $60,000.
Mr. and Mrs. McMath did not
have the money. Both are the chil
dren of wealthy Detroiters, Mrs. Mc
Math the daughter of Mr. and Mrs.
William Kales. McMath’s parents
are Mr. and Mrs. Francis Charles
McMath. They were reputed to have
money, much more money than
Kenneth Buck had ever seen.
Damacio Domingu?z and Luciano
Farias wore fined $1 and costs in
Jus. of the Peace John Martin’s
court Saturday on charges of aftray
The charges were brought as the
result of a fight at the “Cinco de
Mayo” celebration here Friday.
Plans for the Valley’s first real
deep test oil well, the Ross Oil Com
pany, Inc., No. 1, were announced
here last night. Drilling is to get
under way in the near future, Char
les W. Ross of Brownsville, picsi
lent of the company, stated.
The well is to be located on a ,
7,000-acre lease located in -he San
Salvador Del Tule grant, south of
Linn and about 15 miles north ol
Edinburg, in Hidalgo county. It has
been characterized a "Valley Oil
The field was leased and the com- I
pany organized by Mr. Ross, Dr.
J. N. Crawford of Harlingen and
Wimberly McLeod of Harlingen.
Clyde H. Smith of Brownsville has
been named sales agent.
The well will be drilled to a depth
of 4,000 feet if necessary, it was de
clared Saturday night, about 2,000
feet deeper than any test well ever
sunk in the Valley territory.
Organizers of the company point
out that the property lies in the salt
dome area. In an opinion recently
presented by the late Earl B. Rey
nolds, noted geologist who "pent
about 20 years investigating the gen
eral area in which the lease is lo- ,
cated, he declared that it is possible
; a saline dome may be founl on the
: property. The White Point Anti
! cline, Reynolds pointed out, extends
i through Hidalgo county in a south- |
westerly direction passing through
the territory included in the lease,
which has a definite geological sign- ,
' The Beaumont terrace predomin
ates in the territory with remnants i
of the Reynosa or Lissie formations. J
In the letter written shortly be
fore his death Mr. Reynolds said
"I shall be glad to check over this
area again if you so desire. I believe
that in a few days time, from my
knowledge of the area and the pro
perties in question that I can make
a favorable and pa-onusing loca
tion for the drilling of a well, one
that I would be willing to recom
Northern Hidalgo county, it was
pointed out, long has been a point
of interest to oil companies. Several
geologists have investigated the
area and have expressed the belief
that sooner or later a large oil field
will be discovered in the Valley.
“We do not promise a gusher,”
Mr. Ross declared Saturday, “but
we do promise to go to 4,000 feet if
necessary to make the first real
deep test in the Valley, a test that
looks mighty good to us.”
A successful two-day conference
of the Brownsville District of Metho
dist churches closed Friday Friday
afternoon in the Methodist church
at Lyford, host city for the dele
gates and visitors. A total atten
dance of 107 marked the meeting
with 27 preachers and 80 laymen
present. Dr. H. E. Draper, Browns
ville, presided.
Inspiring and uplifting sermons
were given by Rev. L. U. Spellman
of Austin. Rev. R. K. Heacock of
Pharr and Rev. S. C. Dunn of San
Benito. Reports of committees and
pastors had an important part on
the program as did the Young Peo
lavmen's rally with F. H. Trimble as
» Steck, district secretary and the
laymen’s rail with F. H. Trimble as
leaded.' D. A. Barber gave a lay
address and Mrs. L. G. Nichols, dis
trict secretary, w^as in charge of the
Women's Missiooary Society pro
Lay delegates to the conference
to be held in San Antonio in Octo
ber are E. A. Barber of Kingsville,
F. H. Trimble. Brownsville; E. S.
Knight, La Feria; Mrs. L. G. Nich
ols, Mrs. Sullivan of San Benito;
Mrs. H. E. Draper, Brownsville;
Perry Bond. La Feria: A. M. Hill
gardner. Donna and F. E. Ludwig
of Weslaco. Alternates are E. A.
Monsees of Brownsville; Miss Mat
tie Willheights and Mrs. C. R.
District board of lay activities has
as new officers: F. H. Trimhle re
elected district lay leader for third
year and E. A. Barber, assistant
leader with the following others to
serve: Perry Bond, A. M. Hillgard
ner and H. E. Tarpley.
Debts Discussed
PARIS. May 6. —<JP)—Discussion
of the war debt settlement be
tween Premier Edouard Deladier
and ex-Premier Edouard Herriot.
who returned yesterday from
America, began today in earnest
at the ministry of war.
M. Herriot brought with him the
confidential views of Pres. Roose
velt while the French premier pro
duced on his part a code telegram
from Ambassador La Boulaye at
Washington, received in Paris as
M. Herriot landed.
(Continued From Page Onei
“No, it's not the cash buyers who
are flooding the country with n. s.'
f. checks, we could not do it and
stay in business.”
And, after quoting him, we call
your attention to the little exposi
tion which ran in this column on
Friday, calling your attention to the
definitions cf the various and sun
dry classes operating in the Valley's
vegetable deal.
• • •
old favorite proposal—
Pass a state law,
Making evsry man or firm who
deals In fruits and vegetables- -
Take out a state license and a
Payable to the state for the pro
tection of all with whom he deals.
And a majority of our troubles
will be over.
Shippers association, farmers or
Can get busy and get that law
passed during the present seosion of ,
the Texas legislature—
If they want it passed. I
_____ _
To the Editor:
Why are the citrus growers of
California able to get favorable
legislation, shipping rates and pro
tection for their industry, while we
in the Valley fight so hard and
make so little progress? Many
people are inclined to believe that
it is the powerful California Citrus
Fruit Exchange which achieves this
marked success; others attribute it
to politics and Valleyites wax very
In a sense it is politics but not
in the sense that the average Val
ley grower thinks. It is politics in
so much as almost every economic
problem in these United States is
solved ill a political manner.
Economic problems are largely
solved or adjusted by legislation.
To solve anything by legislation re
quires first to obtain the ear of
congress, be it of the state or na
tion. That means obtaining the
ears of those in congress—in short,
The second requirement is to con
vince any one of those politicians
that there is a deermined mass of
voters in his district behind the
proposed legislation—the mass being
sufficiently large to unseat him at
the next election. Any time a poli
tician realizes that his bread and
butter—his continuance in office —
depends upon “putting across” a cer
tain piece of legislation for his
constituents, right then is when he
gets busy and fights to the last
ditch to put over that legislation.
If .however, that legislation is
proposed by an organization of
selling agencies, the representative
in congress is not at all sure but
that is urging its passage he is
merely promoting some special in
terest. In other words, in trying to
obtain legislation, there is quite a
difference between an organization
of selling agencies with the dollar
sign above the doorway, and an or
ganization of voters selling nothing
but interested in the economic wel
fare of their community.
une uauiorma cirrus growers
were smart enough to realize this
distinction and to also realize that
in spit eof their Exchange being
co-operative, yet it was a selling
agency, and as such had the dollar
sign above the doorway the same
as any other. They, therefore, or
ganized themselves into a citrus
growers’ league— a voter’s league,
selling nothing. Every Californian
grower is a member, whether his
fruit is sold by the Exchange, the
M. O. D„ or a cash or consign
ment shipper. In other words, the
league embraces all of them and
wtihout the disadvantage of having
the dollar sign above the doorway.
Its purpose is to handle all legis
lative matters and other questions
affecting the upbuilding of the
California citrus industry as a
whole, without reference to the
methods of marketing. They are
therefore able to approach their
representatives in the state or na
tional legislature, not in the spirit
of a mercantile corporation asking
for special consideration, but as
the popular will demanding legis
lative action for the relief of their
problems. While it is a body poli
tic, it is not a political party and
does not concern itself with party
policies. And while it does not con
cern itself with party politics, yet
it makes all parties concern them
selves with the welfare of the ci
trus industry. This organized me
dium of expressing the will of the
grower is known as the California
Citrus League.
This League is the secret of suc
cess of the California citrus ind
ustry. Not many people here are
aware that such an organization
exists, yet it is the most powerful
agricultural organization in the
United States today. Like an effi
cient machine, it does its work
quietly and accomplishes results
with the minimum of effort and
Just as the league is the key to
the success of the citrus industry
in California, so the lack of such
an organization in Texas is ample
explanation as to why our prob
lems of years standing are no near
er solution today than they were
years ago. We have no centralized
authority, backed by the mass of
citrus growers’ votes to push any
legislation affecting our industry
thru either the state or national
congress. What efforts we have put
forth in the past have been spas
modic and have promoted by only
the more interested growers or
shippers. If success has not crown
ed our initial efforts toward obtain
ing legislative relief, we have fail
ed. We have no organization cap
able of concerting all interested
parties in a sustained effort toward
a definite goal, and capable of car
rying on the fight until victory is
won. There is no one loud persist
ent voice shouting for our rights.
Instead there is a very Babel of
many weak voices all shouting at
once, each on a different subject,
sometimes seemingly conflicting. Is
it any wonder we get nowhere? Is
there any citrus grower so gullible
as to believe that we will ever
obtain legislative relief for our in
dustry until we band together for
concerted action—until the massed
force of our collective effort and
vote is enough to move any inert
legislator into prompt action.
We, therefore, propose the form
ation of a Texas Citrus League, si
milar to the California Citrus
League, to which every citrus grow
er in Texas shall belong, regard
less of to whom or how he sells his
fruit, to what political party he be
longs or in what section his grove
is located—whether it be the Val
ley. the Winter Garden or the
Falfurrias or Laredo sections. Its
purpose shall be similar to that of
th eCalifornia League, i. e., to
handle all the great questions that
affect the citrus industry of Texas
as a whole, without reference to the
various methods of marketing.
Unless we do this, our problems,
unsolved in the past, wjll so re
main in the future. As compared to
other citrus producing states, we
have for years been operating
under great handicaps and unless
we band together to obtain redress
we will probably continue to be so
handicapped. The problems facing
the Texas citrus industry are many
and great, and with an annually
increasing production they become
multiplied and intensified. We
suffer under unfair shipping rates;
a limited shipping season forcing
u.‘ to dump our fruit on the lowest
market (winter) of the year; a
law, for w'hich we are heavily tax
ed, purporting to protect our mar
kets from green fruit, and still
green fruit ruins our markets every
year; quarantines from selling our
fruit in certain states while those
states use Texas as a dumping
ground; thousands of dollars lost
every year by wholesale and petty
theft of fruit from groves, and in
stead of this evil abating it is in
creasing; and many other griev
ances equally as costly and as an
The “hush-hush" policy we have
adhered to in the past has gotten
us nowhere—we are still faced with
the same old problems. Because of
this silly policy, many growers are
unaware that we are at a disad
vantage in selling our fruit as
compared to California, Arizona
and Florida. There are even those,
falsely termed “boosters", who pre
tend we have no problems at all.
Some of these are Just plain liars,
profiting by lies; others mere
fools .the cat's paws for the liars.
This is not an attempt to shame
liars or to educate fools—there is
nothnig to be gained by attempting
the impossible.
With the tremendous crop in
crease expected in the near future,
the loss from the present restric
tions and unfair competition under
which we are obliged to sell our
fruit, will rapidly pyramid, until
profits are wiped out. This. then,
is no time to “pussyfoot" and fol
loy a "hush-hush" policy. We must
get ready now to handle the ever
increasing crops of future years—
competing citrus producing states
and the present restrictions and
disadvantages removed. We demand
a new deal.
To accomplish this, our problems
must be threshed out—and this
requires, in order that the grow
ers may have a thorough under
standing of them, publicity. This,
therefore, is the first of a serie^
of articles to acquaint the growe«
with the great problems confront^
ing the citrus industry of Texas
and the necessity of overcoming
these before we can meet other
citrus producing sections on equal
terms in the markets of the world.
This is not only an effort to stim
ulate the apathetic into action, but
to point out to the wide-awake
growers that there is a way out of
our difficulties—a way that is no
mere experiment, but one that
has been tried and proven success
ful. The key to the solution of our
problems is simplicity itself, and
may be summed up in that phrase
—‘‘In union there is strength."
W. R. Gwathmey, ,
Donna, Texa*
Forest Army Riot
Under Investigation
NEWARK. N. J., May 6. (£>)—As
the culmination of a “strike” in the
Camp Dix mess hall, 45 Newark
youths who were in the civilian con
servation corps were back at their
homes today.
Summarily discharged yesterday
by Brig. Gen. B[. L. Laubach, com
manding officer at the camp, the
men were sent home aboard a spe
cial train. Upon arrival here, thev
complained of maltreatment at the
hands of army officers at the camp
and poor food and declared they
could not work because they were
“being starved."
East Texas (east of 100th me.T
dian): Increasing cloudiness; warm
er in southwest portion Saturday
night; Sunday cloudy; thunder
showers in north portion.
Moderate to fresh southerly winds
on the coast.
There will be no material ch^oiiB
in the river during the next 24jb
36 hours.
Flood Preseat 24-Hr. 24-Hr.
Stage Stage Chang. Bain
Eagle Pass 16 3.0 0.0 .00
Laredo 27 -0.2 0.0 .00
Rio Grande 21 3.0 0.0 .00
Hidalgo 22 3.3 -0.1 .00
Mercedes . 20 4.6 -0.2 .00
Brownsville 18 3.5 -0.2 .00
tide table
High and low tide at Port Isabel
Sunday, under normal meteor
ological conditions;
High.2:10 „ m. 12:52 p. m.
L°w.8:10 a. m. 7:39 p. m.
Sunset today . 7:04
Sunrise tomorrow. 5:48
Barometric pressure was moder
ately low over the Great Lakes
and over the Rocky Mountain re
gion this morning <29.82 at Cleve
land and 29.46 at Denver), and re
latively high over the balance of
the country. Except for rains in
the Ohio valley, the Great Lakes
region, and in the far northwest
ern states, the weather was mostly
fair to partly cloudy throughout
the balance of the country during
the last 24 hours. Temperature
changes were mostly im^nportant
since yesterday morning.
(First figures, lowest tempera
ture last night; second, highf-s
yesterday; third, wind velocity at 8
a. m.; fourth, precipitation in last
24 hours.*
Abllene . 64 84 12 .00
Amarillo . 48 74 ^k
Atlanta . 62 84 10 9
Austin . 80 86 .. .CmT
Boston . 48 64 qq
Brownsville . 79 93 00
B’ville Airp't. 69 93 .. .00
Calgary . 38 58 .. .00
Chicago . 46 50 12 1.48
Celveland . 50 58 jg
Corpus Christi. 72 82 00
Dallas . 64 76 10 .00
Del Rio . 66 90 10 .00
Denver . 46 64 .. .00
Dodge City . 44 52 is .00
El Pass . 54 78 12 .00
Fort Smith . 54 72 .. .00
Helena . 40 56 16 .00
Houston . 68 90 16 .00
Hur°h . 40 62 .. .00
Jacksonville . 74 88 14 .00
Kansas City . 42 48 . .10
Los Angeles . 50 64 .00
Louisville . 56 5s is .14
Memphis . 60 72 .. .00
Miami . 78 84 14 .00
New Orlenas . 70 86 .. .00
North Platte . 44 50 14 .00
Oklahoma City ... 52 68 10 .00
Palestine . 60 80 .. .00
Pensacola . 72 73 .. .02
Phoenix . 54 84 .. .00
Port Arthur . 70 88 .. .00
Boswell . 54 82 12 jOO
St. Louis . 48 68 12 .04
fPaul . 45 68 10 .00
Salt Lake City _ 38 52 . .00
San Ant:nio . 66 94 .. .00
Santa Fe . 40 62 .. .00
Sheridan . 43 64 10 .00
Shreveport . 64 82 12 00
Tf^pa . 76 38 .. .00
Vicasburg . 64 82 .. .00
Washington . *8 56 44
Wijliatrt . 44 52 12 !oi
Wilmington . 72 74 13 .10
Winnemucca . 28 42 .. 1A

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