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1-7 THE WEATHER
Brownsville and the Valley: Partly cloudy Mid somewhat un S^ttled Wednesday night and Thurs FORTY-SECOND YEAR—No. 32 BROWNSVILLE, TEXAS, WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 9, 1933 SIX PAGES 5c A COPY _ - - — - - -- - --- — — — ..... . ■ ■ - ■ - — - - - -—————— - .. .... * IN OUR 1 VALLEY .—* THINGS WE THINK THERE ' ought to be a law against— Gerardo Machado— Sheriffs like the one at Browns ville, Pa., who wil arm thugs to shoot down striking miners— Aimee Semple McPherson— Newspapermen who will deliber and repeatedly send out stories of "Valley people fleeing from lowlands,” every time the Rio Grande goes up a bit— Okra— Governors who dump the crim inals out of penitentiary back upon the long-suffering public which •pent thousands of dollars to get a few of the criminals locked up— People who play politics with human misery. • • • A REAL SPORTSMAN IN THIS man Del Curto, state entomologist— Carries fine golf clubs— A mean fly rod— A fine shooting iron— He’s coming back In September to get some of these bass In the Valley, says Del Curto. They wouldn’t bite yesterday. • • • THE BROWNSVILLE EXEC utive committee on the NRA de serves much credit— It selected a man who has the confidence of all Brownsville peo ple to back it— W. G. Willman. It is difficult to conceive of a man who can live in a community as long as “Willie” Willman, and make fewer enemies— We feel sure there will oe orderly, firm and beneficial handling of the situation under Mr. Willman— And no rough stuff either—that Is the one danger in the present program in the nation. LOOK FORWARD WITH lime cheer to the day when a nickel is no longer negotiable cur rency—to all practicable purposes— just as it was in 1929. They’ve got to move in pairs. Back in 1929 if you had tried to pass off a nickel for a cup of cof fee. a shine, a tip, or almost any thing of the -kind, you would have got either a call for its mate, or a mean look. During the dark and gloomy days the old five-cent piece came into its own. but it looks bad for the buffalo. Coffee’s going back up—they say • • THIS LOWER RIO GRANDE Valley of ours stands out for many things— And in some of these things its eminence is not appreciated by its residents— For instance, the quality of its citizenship and leaders as com pared to most other agricultural sections. On any subject that comes up— flood control, citrus, freight rates, highways—the Lower Rio Grande Valley has a number of leaders who can go to Austin, or to Washington and who not only hold their own there, but s and out as men of unusual character and ability. It is difficult to estimate the value of these men to the Valley. |>8orme evidence of this work can be seen in their accomplishments— past and present. • • • YESTERDAY WE SAW A CIT- I rus grower who was disposing of his j fallen fruit. Fourteen thousand tons of it fell j —according to estimates. This means a great loss—and a great cost in disposing of it. But it must be done to protect the industry—the fruit still on the trees. Follow the suggestions of the federal ~nd state inspectors and dispose of your fruit as soon as possible. • * • . TODAY'S MAIL BRINGS A note from Alfred Pelanden, that dynamo of energy who is repre senting Te:,^s citrus in Europe. S%ys Mr. Pelanden—among other things— There’ a new cocktail which is popular s the “Texan ”. And has Texas grapefruit juice in it. The girls in the Valley beat those in England and France on looks— Careful observer is Mr. Pelanden. we conclude. Also thoughtful. Man Shot Dead WACO, Aug. 9—(JP)—R. C. Mitch ell of Alexandria, La., was shot and killed at a residence here last night. Two men and two women were held JO? investigation as officers sought learn the details. Mitchell was survived by his widow, two children end his parents, who also reside in Alexandria. Machado Clings to Post; Bloodshed Continues _ - ■ - - —■ - ——— ■■ !■■■'■ ■ ■■ i ■■! — — — ■— 111 .1 i ■■ i ■ ii. — Am ROOSEVELT TO CONFER WITH . CUBAN ENVOY _ I Two U. S. Boats Are . Reported Sent To Havana WASHINGTON, Aug. 9. (JP)— Ambassador Oscar Cintas of Cuba asked the state department to arrange an interview for him with Pres. Roosevelt, and appar ently the request has been grant ed. The violent situation in Cuba, where Pres, Machado has refused to make way for another in his executive position despite sug gestions from this country that such action would be in the in terest of peace, has held the at tention of both Mr. Roosevelt and Senor Cintas. HAVANA. Aug. 9. </P)—The prin cipal government leaders held an important conference with Pres. Machado at the presidential pal ace today, apparently to decide whether the chief eexcutive should relinquish his post to put an end to Cubas political turmoil and blood shed. Expect U. S. Ships One of the outstanding partic ipants in the conference was Ores tes Ferrara, the secretary of state, who arrived in Havana this morn ing by airplane from the United States. While the conference was in ses sion hundreds of persons lined the Havana sea wra!l expecting the ar rival of two United States ships which, acocrding to reports that were not confirmed, were off the capital last night. Hundreds of political personages greeted Secy. Ferrara when his plane arrived. Generally acknowl edged to be one of the strongest members of the Machado admin istration. he does not figure in the speculation over the possible suc cession to the chief executive's post as he is ineligible because of his Italian birth. Grant Labor Demands The government announced it had granted labor’s demands and the backbone of the widespread strike wrhich for days has tied up transportation and many other in dustries wrould be broken. It was learned on reliable au thority, however, that the central strike committee was informed by delegates from various unions they would not consent to return to work while constitutional guarantees of freedom remained suspended. Patrols of policemen and guards were continued, after- the with drawal of soldiers, as the death toll from violent acts continued to mount. Two policemen were kill ed and two others were wrounded here last night in gunfire from an unidentified automobile. In Manzanillo, a workman and a policeman were killed and several were injured when authorities broke up a riot. Monday night 21 per sons wrere killed and at least 146 wounded in a demonstration here after a false report w-as issued saying Machado had quit. Peace Officers To Name Chiefs Officers for the year are to be elected by the Rio Grande Valley Peace Oficers association at its regular monthly meeting to be held at Port Isabel Wednesday night. The officers are to be the guests of the Port City at a fish fry. The officers also are to decide whether to continue monthly meet ings, or whether to hold the sessions quarterly. The oficials to be elected Wed nesday night are to take over the posts Sept. 1. Ralph J. King of McAllen is the present head of the organization. Destroyed Craft Should Be Reported Owners of crafts bearing federal identification numbers which were destroyed or permanently decom missioned by the hurricane blow should report same to the deputy collector of customs at Corpus Christi. Boats in these waters are issued numbers out of the Corpus Chris ti customs office. These reports are necessary in order to keep the identification records compact. ‘Red’ Beheaded HAMBURG. Germany. Aug. 9. i/P) —An executioner's axe today be headed Wilhelm Volck, a commun ist who killed a police officer dur ing a riot on Feb. 28. Volck, sentenced to death for murder, led a raid on a Nazi gath ering-place in the course of which the policeman was shot and several storm troopers wounded. New NRA Questions Answered - WASHINGTON, Aug. 9. (/P)— What does the NRA mean? The following questions were developed and answered today by officials of the National Recov ery Administration: What is the status of service employees such as barbers, beauty shop operators and others who have been working on a straight commission basis for several years? Can they work as long as they want or are they subjected to a 40-hour week and a guaran tee of a minimum wage of $14 weekly by the owner? This question has not been de cided and final decision is ex pected soon from the policy board. Is there a distinction between an employee working with his hands and one who uses his head? Is the first group classed as mechanical labor and the lat ter a sa white collar employee? No. Would a porter or common la borer m a department store have the same rating as similar em ployee in a mechanical establish ment? Yes. Ratings are determined by the type of work and not locality. AIR ARMADA LOSES SHIP I - —■ Crash Kills One of Balbo’s Pilots; Three Others Are Injured LISBON, Portugal, Aug. 9.—iJP)— Gen. Italo Balbo’s air armada, minus one ship which overturned at the takeoff, killing cne man and injuring three others, completed another leg of the journey home to Italy today by flying from the Azores to Lisbon. The seaplanes arrived here in three groups, the last, a formation of three which remained behind to care for the three men injured in the accident in the Azores, flew over Black Horse Square just as Gen. Balbo, the first to arrive, was reviewing his guard of honor. The vanguard of the armada oe gan to alight on the Tagus at 2:30 p. m. G. M. 5. (9:30 a. m. E.S.T.) and one hour. 15 minutes, later all 23 planes were at their mooring places. Trio Arrested In Urschel Kidnaping OKLAHOMA CITY, Aug. 9. (JP)— Return of three suspects in the kid naping of Charles F. Urschel, oil millionaire to Oklahoma City from Minneapolis, where they were ar rested yesterday in connection with circulation of some of the ransom currency, was considered by fed eral authorities today. R. H. Colvin, in charge of the Federal Bureau of Investigation here, said more than $1,500 of the ransom money was recovered in Minneapolis. The suspects held there are Charles Wolk, Sam Nel son and Sam Kronick, all unknown to Oklahoma authorities. Bodies of Drowned Children Sought NEW YORK. Aug. 9. (/P)—Life guards and police patrolled the Rockaway shore today, seeking the bodies of si oxrphan children, miss ing since a comber struck the Edge mere Beach yesterday. One other child was drowned outright. They were lost from a group of 105 frolicking youngsters of the Pride of Judea home, enjoying a visit to the seashore. Mother and 2 Tots To Be Buried Today ELECTRA. Aug. 9. UP)—Funeral services were planned for this after noon for Mrs. Myrtle Gordon and her two children. Wynell, 8, and Ellen Beth, 9, whose bodies with their throats slashed were found in their home here yesterday. In a note addressed to her hus band explaining 1 er acts. Mrs. Gor don said “I know of nothing for us but death.” Gordon, who had not been located, left Electra 10 days ago and later advised his wife that he would not return and told her to go to her father, W. J. Huckagee at Dublin, Texas. BOARD IN SESSION The Cameron county commis sioners court, sitting as a board of equalization, will continue in ses sion throughout the week. i J. J. FOX SUED BY STATE FOR $75,758 FUND Bank Closed Before Check Could Be Cleared Alleging negligence in not prompt ly forwarding state taxes to Aus tin, the state, through the attorney general’s department, Wednesday filed suit against J. J. Fox, former Cameron county tax collector, for $75,758 in state tax money which was impounded in a Brownsville bank. The suit, which names sureties on Fox’ bond as parties to the case, was filed in the Travis county dis trict court. The state alleges that Fox re mitted approximately $90,000 in tax es in the form of a check drawn on the bank, and that before the check could be cleared through the treasurer’s department the bank closed its doors. Since then the re ceiver of the bonk has remitted approximately $21,000 of the fund to the state. The attStney general’s depart ment is basing the suit on the allegation that Fox was negligent in that the tax money should not have been kept in the county de pository, but forwarded promptly on collection to the state treasury. Wet Organization To Meet Wednesday The “Loyal Democrats,” an or ganization formed under C. B. Guerra to favor repeal of the 18th amendment, are to hold a meeting at the Hidalgo hall at 8 p. m. Wed nesday. Informed speakers are to explain the issues to be voted upon in the election Aug. 26. River Is Rising At Brownsville The Rio Grande was falling all the way down from Rio Grande City to San Benito today and was rising slowly from San Benito to Brownsville as the result of a sud den rise in the San Juan Sunday, i The river was near bank full at Brownsville and is expected to re main full for the next few days. Grocers Meet At Mercedes Thursday MERCEDES. Aug. 9.—A Valley wide meeting of grocers has been called for Thursday night at the Mercedes city hall. Speakers will include J. E. Bell of the San Benito Chamber of Commerce, and a representative of the National Retail Furniture as sociation. Short Term Federal Court Due Saturday A short term of federal court is expected to be held here Saturday by Judge T. M. Kennedy of Hous ton. In criminal cases only pleas of guilty will be heard. A hearing on the temporary in junction restraining the Rio Grande Valley Public Utilities company from cutting off Ft. Ringgold’s gas supply also is slated. McAllen P. 0. Bids Delayed WASHINGTON. Aug. 9. — '.£>)— The treasury department postponed until August 30 the opening of bids for the construction of a new post office at McAllen, Texas, which had been scheduled for today. Tanker Burns NEW YORK, Aug. 9.—The 75-foot oil tanker Glastice ex ploded about a mile off Rockaway Beach, Queens, today and burned to the water’s edge with a loss esti mated at $20,000. No one was in jured. The craft was en route from Brooklyn to Long Beach with a load of oil when the explosion occurred in the engine room. Shine Boys Unable To Get Additional Code Information “They’ve been coming down all the way from Mission to get the code from me,” declares “Swifty,” who called a meeting of local bootblacks, but had to postpone forming a local organization un til more about the code can be obtained. “It’s a kind of a lost code.” Swiftly declares. “I can't find out anymore about it.” Swifty says as scon as he gets more information he is going to | call a meeting. $5,000 a Year at 21 James O. Mann Although James 0. Mann didn’t vote last year, because he wasn’t old enough, he is shown handing out pay checks at the office of the Federal Home Loan bank board in Washington where he is hold ing down a $5,000-a-year job as assistant secretary. Mann is just 21. MERCHANTS TO KEEP HOURS UP Businesses Stay Open From 8 to 6; Grocers Have Yet to Decide Brownsville merchants decided on a 9 o’clock closing hour on Satur day nights, instead of 6 o’clock as had been proposed, at a meeting this morning. The decision followed a referen dum to ascertain sentiment among business men generally. Agreement was made on week day hours from 8 a. m. to 6 p. m. The new hours will be effective next week. The question of closing on Labor Day was discussed and merchants will be asked to express an opinion soon on this matter. Grocers of Brownsville will meet this afternoon to discuss hours. G. C. Richardson, chamber of commerce secretary, read a report quoting Gen. Johnson to the effect that any shortening of the hours of operation of a business is a violation of the spirit of the NRA. Youth Slays His Sweetheart, Self FREDERICKSBURG, Aug. 9. (/P) —Walter Schaefer, son of a promi nent Fredericksburg hotel owner, and Miss Norma Oehler, a young woman he wanted to marry, were dead today after a double shooting at the Oehler farm home near Fredericksburg. Both were 24 years old. Justice of the Peace G. H. Houy returned a coroner’s verdict of murder and suicide, holding that Schaeffer shot Miss Oehler and himself. F. D., Moley Confer On Crime Campaign HYDE PARK, N. Y„ Aug. A. </P) —Pres. Roosevelt gave personal at tention today to the war on crime in conferences with Atty. Gen. Cummings and Raymond Moley, special investigator of kidnaping and racketeering. The attorney general motored here from his home in Greenwich, Conn. Mr. Moley came up from Washington. Mr. Roosevelt want ed a general report and there was no indication of any immediate new action by the administration. J. H. Rodgers Dies At Mercedes Home (Special to The Herald) MERCEDES, Aug. 9.—James H. Rodgers, 73, a resident of the Val ley for the past eight years, died here early Wednesday morning of heart failure. Funeral services were to be held at 2:30 p. m. Wednesday from the Stotler Ebony Grove. The decedent is survived by his widow, a son, E. L.; two daughters, Jewel and Bertha, all of Mercedes, and another daughter. Mrs. H. M. Raines of New Mexico. Rodgers, a retired farmer, had lived in Mer cedes for the past two and a half yean. VALLEY WILL BURY FALLEN CITRUS FRUIT Growers Urged to Act Quickly to Clear Orchards The Valley today was beginning to dispose of its fallen citrus fruit —which is estimated at about 14.000 tons. The bulk of this is in the section from Weslaco east to the coast. Suggestions Worked Out State and federal inspectors tn charge of the fruit fly quarantine in the Valley have worked out a list of suggestic- s on the matter. These are: 1. Bury the fruit 18 Inches deep —the customary method of dis posing of fallen fruit under the fruit fly regulations. 2. Plow a deep furrow down the middle of the rows, rake fruit into it and cover the fruit. 3. Rake the fruit into the middle of the rows and double disc it. The inspection chiefs, J. M. Del Curtcf for the state and P. A. Hoidale for the federal government, pointed that the first method is preferable. But due to the fact that this fruit is immature, as is the fruit still on the trees, the other meth ods are permitted. Danger Pointed Out Both Del Curto and Hoidale pointed out that there Is consider able danger of spreading mold or rot if the fruit is left on the ground. This mold might not show up in the other fruit until it was shipiped and hence would greatly damage market for all Valley fruit. 'The longer shipping season in the Valley was granted contingent upon freedom from infestation of the Mexican fruit fly,” they ex plained. Tt is imperative to take all measures possible to keep the fly out and preserve these longer sea sons.” CAUSEWAYHDS TO BE CALLED Construction of Padre Island Span to Begin Within Sixty Days (Special to The Herald) PORT ISABEL, Aug. 9.— Bids for construction of a causeway from Port Isabel to Padre Island probably will be called within 30 days and actual construction on the span which will join the island with the mainland is expected to be under way within 60 days, it was announced Tuesday by J. W. Pate of this city. Pate returned Tuesday from Washington where he has been conferring on minor changes to be made in the plans for constructing the causeway. A hearing on the plans will be held at Galveston August 16, and little difficulty in obtaining approval of the proposed changes is expected, Mr. Pate stated. Funds from the R.F.C. to be used in the construction have been approved and will be avail able immediately after the con tract is signed, Mr. Pate further stated. A connection with the island from the mainland long has been planned in the Valley as a means for further recreational advantages in this section. Elaborate plans have been made for the construction of a bath house, a casino with dance hall and tourist cabins and accom odations after access to the long beach has been obtained. Miners Protest To NR A Against Chiefs UNIONTOWN, Pa.. Aug. 9. UP)— While most of southwestern Penn sylvania’ striking coal miners to day filed back to the pits, fresh grievances cropped out in an H. C. Frick Coke company mine at Grindstone causing a direct appeal to the NR A in Washington. Two hundred miners at Colonial No. 4, scene of violence last week, hurriedly dispatched a message to Edward F. McGrady, NRA medi ator, claiming mine officials re fused to recognize their check weighman and their miners’ com mittee. — Home Made Diving Helmet Causes Death MARIANNA, Ark., Aug. S.—UP)— Failure of a home made diving helmet caused the death of William Lawrence, 26, as he was gathering mussel shells on the bottom of the St. Francis river near here yester day. His brother. Edward, received a distress signal on the rope tied around William’s waist, but when Edward attempted to pull his broth er to the surface, the rope became unfastened. Winchell Sues Jolson For $500,000 NEW YORK, Aug. 9. UP)—The pass A1 Jolson made at Walter Winchell two weeks ago in Hol lywood has been passed right back to him in the form of a $500,000 suit for damages. Winchell, Broadway gossip col umnist, said today that the sing ing comedian was served with a formal notice of the suit last Thursday night. “Mr. Jolson accused me of slandering Mrs. Jolson and jump ed gallantly to his wife's defense —without knowing what It was all about. “This is the truth: The picture is not about Mr. and Mrs. A1 Jolson!’* EARLYFLOOD WORK IS SEEN Lawson Makes Immediate Report at Washington On New Plans (Special to The Herald) SAN BENITO, Aug. 9. — Actual work on the Lower Rio Grande Flood Control system is expected to be under way at an early date, ac cording to a telegram received from L. M. Lawson, of El Paso, in ternational boundary commissioner. Lawson said in the wire that his recent conferences with W. E. An derson of San Benito, engineering advisor to the commission, other federal and county engineers and conservation association officials in the Valley have enabled him to make a statement to Washington as to the general scope of the initial construction work. Commissioner Lawson stated that he has today been advised by the State Department that there has now been made available an al lotment of $1,500,000 for flood con trol work in the Valley, general plans for which have been develop ed by the boundary commission. “My present information is,” Lawson wired, “that although al lotted for the work the funds have not actually been made available by the treasury department. “The commission is now making every effort to conform the exten sive plans already perfected by its engineers to effect the greatest possible flood protection with the amount of funds now apparently to be available. Actual commencement of the work will follow promptly when the funds have been made available by the treasury and when general regulations have been is sued by the administrator of pub lic works, which he is required to make under the terms of the na tional recovery act in connection with all public works.” It is expected that the greater part of the construction will be done by contractors and that am ple opportunity will be afforded in those interested in employment on the work to get in touch with the contractors after bids have been advertised for and accepted. Arizona Votes 3-1 for Repeal PHOENIX, Ariz.. Aug. 9. WP>— The youngest state in the union is the twenty-first to vote for prohi bition repeal. Each of the 14 counties endorsed adoption of the repeal amendment to the federal constitution by an even more preponderant count of ballots than they did in repealing all of Arizona’s dry laws last Nov ember. The state had been listed as a prohibition stronghold almost since attainment of statehood in 1912. An unofifcial canvass of the vote in Tuesday’s special election show ed the wet ballots leading the drys by more than three to one.. Out of a total of 444 precincts in the state, returns from 323 gave: For repeal, 34, 389. Against repeal, 10,147. The missing precincts contain few votes. Sino-Jap Trouble Breaks Out Again PEIPING, China, Aug. 9.—UPy— Renewed Sino-Japanese hostilities in Chahar and Jehol provinces to the north were reported today in a Chinese military communique. Japanese and Manchukuan for ces were said to be advancing on Tolunnoerh, In Chahar, from Jehol, while Japanese airplanes were again bombing Tolunnoerh and other border towns. PICKERS RETURN The cotton pickers are mining back. Out of 17 men taken off a freight train here Wednesday morning, 13 were local men returning from cotton picking trips to uo-state point*. ATTEMPTS TO GET AROUND’ PACTSCORED Insignia to Be Taken Away for Cutting Store Hours WASHINOON, Aug. 9 —<AV-Ctt ing that the intent of the recovery act was to increase employment. Administrator Hugh S. Johnson said today in a statement that no retailer could stagger employe* hours, enforce rest periods or short en the hours of store operat without defeating the purpose the codes. His emphatic assertion immedi ately took place among the meet significant yet to come from the NRA, in view of constant reports as to recourses for getting around the codes and yet displaying the blue eagle. Hits Curtailed Hours Johnson Insisted that while the agreement signed by retail stores and groceries provided that no store open less than 52 hours a week before July 1 could reduce the store hours at all, the Intent was that hours of operation should not be curtailed inany way. In other words, while 52 is a set minimum, it was explained that If a store had been operating 60 or more, it should not curtail its time of being open but rather should employ more people to do the work. ‘‘That agreement is a solemn covenant and its purpose is ex plicit," Johnson said. “The owners of the stores and the customers who buy from those stores should have but one single purpose, which is to carry out this specific pro vision which has to do with re employment through reducing the number of hours each employe works and by keeping the store* open as long as possible.’* To Withdraw Eagle* The statement proceeded: "The insignia of the blue eagle must be withdrawn from those stores which either collectively or individuallyy flagrantly attempt to frustrate the purpose of the presi dential reemployment agreement.” Johnson said that "when em ployers sign this agreement with their president after reading sec tion eight, no one could conceiv ably set about staggering employe hours, enforcing rest periods, and increasing the time for lunch with out pay, or either directly or in directly conspire to defeat the very purpose of the agreement by mate rially shortening the number of hours which the stores had cus tomarily stayed open.” In warning the retailers against shortening store hours, the admin istrator quoted the agreement which was provided for them tem porarily pending a hearing on a permanent code of fair competition. The section eight reads: "Not to use any subterfuge to frustrate the spirit and intent of this agreement which is, among other things, to increase employ ment by a universal covenant, to remove obstructions to commerce, and to shorten hours, (employe work hours, not store hours) and to raise wages for the shorter (em ploye work) week to a living basis.” Sabinas to Have San Antonio Plant A brewery is being established in San Antonio by the Compania Cer vecera Sabinas, according to infor mation received here from Karl Haegelin. manager of the company with offices at Sabinas, Coah. A charter has been taken out under the name of the Sabinas Brewing convoany, and a tract of land has been purchased In San Antonio. Contract for foundation of the building already has been let. MARKETS A T GLANCE 1TEW YORK Stocks strong; advance resum ed in orderly trading. Bonds firm; rail issues strong. Curb strong; alcohols lead rise. Foreign exchanges steady; dol lar fluctuations narrow. Cotton higher; firm stock and grain markets; trade buying. Sugar quiet; commission house selling. Coffee steady; trade buying. CHICAGO Wheat higher; increased spec ulative buying. Com strong; feed situation bullish. Cattle strong to 15 cents ip for best: top $7.40. Hogs 5 to 10 cents higher; top $4.60 improved demand.