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Established Joly i 1892, As a Daily Newspaper, by Jesse Q. Wheeler S -_--- - - .-. t. ML STEIN . Publisher RALPH L BUELL . Editor —- ■ .—. -. . Published every afternoon (except Saturday) and Sunday morning Entered as second-class matter in the Postoffice. Brownsville. Texas. THE BROWNSVILLE HERALD PUBLISHING COMPANY 1263 Adams 8t.. Brownsville. Texas MEfeBER OP THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use of for publication of all news dispatches credited to it or not otherwise credited to this paper, and also the local news published herein. TEXAS DAILY PRESS LEAGUE National Advertising Representative Patiaa. Texaa. 313 Merchant lie Bank Bids, City. Mo.. 301 Interstate Bids, Chicago, m, 180 N. Michigan Ate, Los Angeles, Calif.. 1013 Now Orpheus# Bldg. New York. N. Y, 370 Lexington Ate, Bt Louis Mo, 90S Star Bldg. San Francisco, Calif. 135 San some 8t* '■ —.— ...-.-.-—^ SUBSCRIPTION RATES By carrier—In Brownsville and all Rio Orands Valley cities 18c a week; 73c a month. By Mail—In The Rio Grande Valle, in advance: ooe year. 17.00; six months. $3.73; 3 month-. $3. By Mali—Outside of the *>A> Grande Valley: TSe per month; 19.00 per year; 6 mouths, 94.30. ,r;i ' - i. I. .. . .. ——. Thursday January 17, 1935 . ■■■ .— L —■— —- ii THU i»R!CE OF CITRUS FRUIT As was expected and freely predicted, the Valley’s citrus fruit industry is having mighty hard sledding in this, the first sea son of maximum production. No mattef what the reason, growers are not receiving a sufficient amount for their fruit to pay expenses, and when interest on the investment is taken into considera tion, added to a reasonable salary for supervision and that sort of thing, there is not a citrus grower in the Valley but is losing money. What the cause or the causes we cannot say. No doubt but that general conditions the country over have something to do with the low prices being received by the grower. No doubt overhead, notably freight rates, have something to do with current prices at this end. And again no doubt but that the pres ent disorganized state of grower and ship per has still more to do with it In spite of a 40 per cent decrease in the Florida crop, due to the freeze which hit the citrus belt of that state in December, land the consequent cut down in Florida shipments, we find grapefruit being quoted out of the Valley at $1 per box, fob. And peculiarly, we find that Valley grapefruit is bringing more on the auction markets of the country by far than it* is bringing when quoted out of the Valley at fob prices. Ai stated above, we do not feel qualified to pass upon the exact causes which have brought about this condition. But we do feel qualified to state, and we believe it sticks out like a sore thumb on a violinist, that the disorganized state of grower and shipper is a considerable con tributing cause. Shippers are disorganized on almost any subject in connection with the marketing of grapefruit, from a national advertising campaign on up or down the line. They disagree on proration, they dis agree on the minimum price to be quoted, they disagree on the elimination of un-1 classified shipments, they disagree on everything in connection with the industry, j Growers are unorganized, although this condition is being remedied by the opera tions of the Texas Citrus Growers League, and right here there is a warning to ship pers. The time is coming knd coming soon when the citrus growers of the Valley are going to refuse to continue longer as the “goats” of the industry. If the present chaotic state of affairs is not straightened out, and that in a hurry, we are going to find the citrus growers tak ing over the deal and dictating in no uncer tain terms what prices will be paid, what and how much fruit shall be shipped and many another provision that shippers no consider as their peculiar province. There is too much money invested in the Valley’s citrus industry to allow it to be ruined by prevailing tactics. Many Differ on Foods In Arthritis Cases By DR. MORRIS FISHBCIN Editor. Journal of the American Medical Association, and of Hygela. the Health Magazine Various authorities estimate that Inflammations of the joints end rheumatic conditions are due to Intes tinal causes In from 20 to 40 per cent of cases. One group insists that the taking of sugars is largely responsible, and they cut down on such substances. Another group claims that overeating of protein foods, such as meat, eggs, and fish, may be harmful. You can see that people who regularly overeat ought to eat leas and those who are overweight should take smaller amounts of carbohydrates. The sick person is likely to suffer in the nutrition of his tis sues. and It may be hazardous to out down too great ly on protein fods. Some faddists insist on omission of all acid fruits and vegetables. The foods commonly called acid fruits include tomatoes, oranges, grapefruit, and lemons. Actually these foods contain weak acids which are oxidized In the body and the end result is alkaline • • • You should remember, moreover that such foods represent the primary contribution to the diet of vitamin C and that they also provide a good amount of vitamin A. They are really essential to any well balanced diet and there is nothing to show that they should not be included in the diet of a person with arthritis. Quite recently some faddists have insisted that a person with a rheumatic condition should not eat a mixed diet and that the presence of protein in the stomach Interferes with the digestion of starches. This is another Indication of the lack of knowledge of physiology. Meat and potatoes, which are especially rich in protein and starch, have been eaten for thousands of years. The digestion of starch * begins in the mouth because the saliva is important In digestion. • • • This process may be temporarily interrupted in the stomach, because starches are not digested in the presence of acid from the gastric Juice. However, the digestion of starch is again resumed when the food passes from the stomach into the intestines, where the juices are alkaline. It has been pointed out that such animals as the dog, the cat, and the cow do not have ferments in their saliva for digesting starches and that in such animals, which live chiefly on foods containing starches, all digestion of starch takes place after the food has left the stomach. Another group of faddists says that persons with arthritis should est foods tending to alkalinity The human body is a self-regulating mechanism which must always incline toward alkalinity, and it is rather silly for people to attempt to make any spe cial effort to keep the body on the alkaline side. The inefficiency of state prosecutors is responsible for many criminals being at large today.—E. W. Puttkamraer, national secretary of the Association of American Law Schools. The trend is toward more wholesome and 1ms mor bid literature.—Carl H. Milam, secretary, American Liorary Association. There * no sound argument for paying the bonus to fellows like me —U. S Senator Sherman Minton of Indiana. By changing a man's health, we can change his whole viewpoint.—Charles F. Kettering, automotive engineer. Some coaches lose sight of the fact that the game belongs to the boys, not the coaches.—Coach Dors is of the University of Detroit. SCOTT’S SCRAPBOOK - - - ■ - - By R. J. Scott first Postage stamp of the SAAR • Saar MAY NOT HAVE STAMPS AFTER THl5 MONTH — DEPENDING ON THE VOTi WHETHER To UOIM qERMANV OR FRANCE., OR REMAIN WlTHTHE LEAGUE OF NATIONS . f* J ~At .. AM EGG WIlUlM AH EGG WA5 WAS *OUND ? mertma WiM^ DALBO, M/M, fl HORSESHOE *1 DIDN*-T BRINS It <m BIRD W <?OOD LUCK '1 — AF<ER a BEINS I) SHorr down X oN i BELLE ISLE. DETROIT, TfolS HAWK tfflLL CARRIE '''Iherr are. Horseshoe . ZS PLACE* oH A U,*, OWE DOLLAR 1 claim in effect. Ij mourn || passuxJof eifrteenth News Behind the News Capital and world goaslp. wants id parar aalltiea. in and rat at the news, written by a group cm earless and Informed newspaper pen of Washington' and New York ThU column U puou&n*-o oy The Herald aa a news feature Opinions expressed are those oi the writers , ae individuals art) should not be interpreted as re flecting the editorial policy at this newspaper. WASHINGTON' By George Duruo Gestures- Many folks—even some New Dc ‘aim—have wondered why the president should revive the World Court issue instead ol con centrating strictly on his domestic economic knitting. Calloused old timers say the answer is simple. Every administration strives to have some great peace gesture to which it may point with pride. Mr. Harding had his Washing, ton Arms conference and first trotted out the World Court This came just after the close of the World War when the people knew they wanted peace even If they didn’t want the League of Nations to preserve it. Mr. Coohdge maintained his customary sphinx-like silence and let the senate ratify the World Court with reservations which were nromptly rejected by other world powers. Thereafter he con fined himself to putting over the Kellogg-Briand pact to outlaw war as his contribution to internation al peace. Mr, Hoover took a whirl at the World Court with the Root-Hearst formula as a basts for adherence. Our foreign neighbors turned a thumb down on portions of it be fore a final vote. So Mr. Hoover turned to affairs at home, which were getting pretty hot, managing during that period to put over the German debt moratorium as nis big international gesture. • • • Gone—There will be talk aplen ty before this senate finally votes overwhelmingly to Join up with the Worm Court but the opponent* lack organization. Borah of Idaho and Johnson of California will be two of the out standing speakers against Amer ican entry* Just as they always are. Yet neither is an organizer who cares to devote the time and en ergy* to lining up a militant min ority so closely knit It could wear the majority down and even swing public opinion around. Back in the days of the League of Nations fight, the real spade work for the senate irreconcila ble* was one by Lodge of Massa chussetts. Moses of New Hamp shire, Watson of Indiana and Brandegee of Connecticut. All are now gone. • * • Convenient —It is interest mg to note that Joe Robinson of Arkan sas, democratic leader of the sen ate, and NOT Key Pittman ol Nevada, chairman of the Foreign Relations committee, took the lead In pushing the World Court. It is hard to believe but some folks here are mean enough to say that Senator Robinson is paying another installment on his hoped for seat on the United States Su preme court. By the time there is a vacancy the highest tribunal wifi be oc cupying its new home, the magni Janaary 17, 1835.—Mowe Austin, father of Stephen F. Austin, was a native of Durham Connecticut. Be ginning life as a merchant in Phil adelphia. he was subsequently a manufacturer of shot and sheet lead at Ausunville, Virginia There Stephen F. Austin was born In 1799 Moses Austin moved to a place near St Genevieve, Missouri (then Spanish Upper Louisiana*, where he prospered for a score of years. Then came a business depression in 1819. A bank, in which Austin was a large stockholder, failed, leaving him at the end of a path which had prom ised a life of ease Undaunted, he came to the Spanish Province of Texas to procure a colony grant. His application was at first abrupt ly refused by the Spanish Governor in San Antonio, who ordered him to leave the country immediately. The dramatic meeting with Baron de Bastrop, a friend of former yeans, of* whose presence in San Antotuo Austin was until then un aware. has already been spoken of as a moment when chance seems to have stepped in to become the beginning point of an empire. Baron de Bastrop had persuaded the Spanish Governor to a friendly at titude toward Austin, who left San Antonio on this day in 1821 to re turn to Missouri to adjust his tan gled affairs. “If you live to return, you may count on my assistance in every way that duty and circum stances will permit,” said Governor Martinez. But it was not to be so. Texas was to know another Austin. flcent Grecian temple of Justice Just across the plasa from the capitol. The senator lives modestly In the Methodist building, on the apposite side of the street from the new court building. We watch ed it rise from a site on which once stood a federal prison for Confederate soldiers. If and when he lands the job the majority leader will be unwearied by his exertions in walking to It. • • • Personal — Senator Huey Long is scaring the life out of the radio broadcasting companies. Emperor Long has passed word around so it would get back to the broadcasting people that he intends to see to it that lie is in charge of any and all radio legislation which may be put up the Senate Inter state Commerce commission. Now Huey is well down toward the bottom of the democratic mem bership. Unless he strong-arms his way In. there is little chance he would be made chairman of a sub committee dealing with anything so Important as radio. Nevertheless, the microphone boys are seeing visions. They can't help recalling that all European dictators grabbed the radio first thing. Also, the other night Long arbitrarily took half an hour cm the air and when he learned his network didn't reach the west coast, made them re-broad oast ft. Meanwhile, he‘« acquiring his own personal station down in New Orleans. • • • Whispers — There’s something About Washington that tames them all, sooner or later. Out on the dustings aspirants to congress make plenty of fantastic pledges but when they get there they slip [into the conventions. Take the latest case on record— that of Rep Joe Lee of Oklahoma | He promised his constituents he would be "the noisiest freshman in | the house.” Now he reneges and j avers he finds a fellow can get further In congress on gumshoes "The Man ’ Bilbo, of Mississip pi. promised £o "raise more hell ' than Huey Long, according to campaign reports, but so far he is : singing a by-low tune. • • • It's the same old story. Jeff Da I vis of Arkansas (not to be con-1 I '.used with the president of the | confederacy ), vowed on how he would “walk down the aisle of the 1 senate and take the oath In my j stocking feet.” Came the day and ONCE MORE w m flu WORLD COURT 1 | 6 he wore well-shined brogans—even rode In an auto, much to the sur prise of his constituents. Joe Bailey of Texas swore he would never wear a dress suit. Yet he did. And "8ockless Jerry” Simp-1 son of Kansas tidily wore socks. Howdy” Martin of Text, never made good on picking his teeth with a Bowie knife. But what vote getter the promises were, each in its time and place! Peru exported most of her goods lo Great Britain and imported most of her purchases from the United States in the first six months at 1934 _ • CHAPTER I r ALE HENDERSON looked up at the whirling, silken spludles. White and lustrous and beautiful, they whirled la their mad dance. Round and round, round and round. There was nothing about the long, gray room with its noisy ma chines, its <0 women workers, bands moving up and down, damp ing on bobbins, snapping them off. nothing about the afternoon slowly drawing to a close to hint to Gale Henderson that this was to be the most eventful exciting day of her 23 years. Gale bent her head aa ahe snapped off a bobbin. She waa thinking that ber parse contained exactly 94.53. with pay day still five days away. Maybe her brother Phil could spare her a little some thing— The ringing of the bell cut-in sharply—the bell that waa release for the day shift. Machines slowed. Into the corridor trooped men and women, talking cow, hurrying. Jos tling. some of them laughing. Gale found herself pressed beside small, gamin faced Joeie Grid ley. “Gosh, am I glad this day's over!" Joaie said fervently. "Goin’ to the dance tonight?" Gale shook har bead. "I thought you and Stevo—" Joaie began, interrupting herself to look queatloningly at the other girl. “I've got a dozen things to do to night." Gale said. "Maybe Steve will go. though. Josie laughed scornfully. "Fat chance of Steve goin* anywhere without you! I wish It was me! Steve’s the best-looking fellow in the spinning room." They turned a corner and were separated, as others pushed for ward. Gale went into the cloak room, took her hat and coat from a locker. It waa a worn coat, dara bins originally and only a trifle faded. Har hat waa blna, too. brimless, showing light brown waving hair. Gale’s gray eyes looked at the world beneath dark, wide-curving brows. She had lips that were generous, expressive. Gale Hendereon, lacking raal beauty, possessed that rarer qual ity—a vital, stirring attractiveness that challeugaa Interest "Person ality" It le called usually, for want of a more definite term. A minute liter sbe was outside, feeling the cold January air against her cheeks. Gale breathed deeply. She saw a familiar figure waiting a dozen yards ahead and hurried forward. “Steve!" she called. Steve Meyers’ square shoulders bulked large in the short fleece- ; collared coat "Late, aren't you?" be asked. • • • CTEVE‘8 eye* were blue and bis ° cheek* ruddy. His waa no face to cause Hollywood motion picture director* to glance twice in hit d! recfion. but Joels Grldley waa not alone In considering him "good looking." College athletic directors wroaid have eyed the broad back appreciatively. Gale nodded In answer to bis question. "I stopped to talk to Josie," sbe said. They walked in alienee for a few minutes. Than Stove said. "Tamil Cale Henderson let eat two more from the spin ning room tonight" "Two more! Oh, Steve 1 *'*t’s going to happen?" “Don't ask me." | “But they can't Just keep cutting < down all the time—turning people off! What about the rest of us? How do any of us know It won't be us tomorrow?" “You don’t need to worry about that." "I’m not so sure. But It wasn’t myself I was thinking of. It’* Phil— “Phil’s all right" “Of coarse he is. But he’s so young—only 19. He—well. I can’t halp worrying about him. Thara’a so much Phil has missed—dropping out of school, tha way ha had to. when he was so anxious to go on.“ “Everybody can't have what they want in the world," Steve Meyert said grimly. The girl looked at him quickly. "I know." abe said. "You gava up school, too, didn’t you? But you’ra so—so strong and abla to taka car* of yourself. You always know Just what to do and how to do It Phil’s not lika that Besides, yon did finish high school. Phil bad to quit in his aecond year." “What’s got you so worried about Phil? Anything special?" Gala shook her head. "No" the said. "Only the way be talks. Ha j goes around with Jo* Gillespie and Frit* Moon tnd that crowd and ba’a getting a lot of wild idea*. About everything being against people Jig*.*ot any money, and getting even with the rleh. When anything happens at the mill—like people getting fired or getting pay cuts—it makes him worse. I can’t make him listen .to me. Maybe yon could talk to him. Stere." "See what I can do," i\e promised They walked in silence for see eral momenta Then Gale said heel- j tattngly, "Steee, do you resdly think things are going to keep on this way? Is It because the com pany isn’t making any money that they’re letting so many go?" The man laughed harshly. "Ton don’t think Thatcher’s missing any of his throo meals a day. do you?” "No, of course not It’s just the last six months—while Mr. West more was sick and since he died— that they're been cutting down so." "Sure. Since then Thatcher’s been running things to suit him sell Before, he took orders from Mr. Westmore. Thatcher’s still general manager but be might as well own the place. I don’t sup pose Mrs. Westmore knows any thing about what’s going on—" "There’s Brian Westmore,” Gale added. "He doesn’t know anything about ft eithor. Orer in Paris supposed to be learning to be an artist. Wouldn’t you think hs’d hare come home when his fathtr was so sick?" J • • • OTEVE did not answer the ques ^ tion. “I used to see Brian West more," be said, "when I was a kid —Brian Westmore. son of the rich James Westmore. wearing his little blue sailor suit and riding on his pony. All l had to ride on wfpi wjfeiy,: •: ' the backs of delivery wagon*— when ths drivers didn’t sso ms and make mo get off!" “Brian Westmore wa* at Stat* when 1 was there" Gale said thoughtfully. “We were in the tame history class. Of course I didn't know him—but he sat three Best* in front of me. across the aisle.1* “And now he's in Paris." Steve reminded her. “and you’re in the mill." | “Tee—I'm in the mill." Long ago Gale had forbidden her self thoughts of self-pity for the sudden ending of her college course two years earlier. There was no use pretending it hadn’t been heart breaking. equally certain that there wsa nothing else that could be dona The money Aunt Adelaide had left for her niece's education so that Gale could become a teacher, bad to go for doctor's bills and medicine when her fsther—hearty, strapping Tom Henderson — was taken ill. never to work again. Gale had come home at one*. Tom Henderson’s salary as a me chanic in the silk mill had been a good one. The Henderson chil dren wore among the few in the mill village to continue schooling beyond the upper grades. Thtir home was one of the best In the neighborhood. Their mother had been dead since shortly after Phil's birth, but Tom Henderson had In sisted on keeping his children wit him. There was always son woman in the village glad to do the Henderson’s eooking, cleaning and washing for n few dollars each week. Thu* Gale had frown up. a bit more mature, with more of a sense of responsibility than moat young sters her age. The dream of col lege, of life away from tha mill village, had always been before her. The realisation of that dream, the two years at State, had baen exciting *ones. Exciting, challeng ing, swiftly eventful, delightful. Memories of those days had bsea put away along with Gale's tevt books. • • • AS quickly as school days had ended came the disillusionment when she tried to find work. At first Gals would not hear of her brother leaving high school. Her two years’ college training made her confident that thera waa work the could do, work that would aarn enough to keep up the Hendersons* home Her eollega fund would Hde them over in the meantime But Gale was Inexperienced and thera were no Jobs—eren for those with experience. Trying times. Hard times Men out of work, standing in bread ilnee. Women asking for charity to keep their children fed end warm. A few weeks' searching brought a des perate awakening to the serious ness of the situation. Gale was glad to becoma a mill girl. Sba earned |14 a waak In the mill and ( waa sura that in time It would be .J more. . The 114 did not stretch as Gale had hoped. One day when Phil * announced with determination that he was not going back to school, sba did not oppose him. Brother and sister had worked in the silk mill ever since. Their earnings paid the hills for thalr living, their father’s and for hie medical treatment Gale took on the duties of cook and housewife as well as thosa of mill girl.