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(Eljf Bnramsufilf Herald
Established July t 1891 As a Daily Newspaper, by lease O. Wheeler J It STEIN .. Publisher RALPH I* BUELL .........................i Editor Published every afternoon (except Saturday) and Sunday morning Entered as second-class matter In the Postoffice. Brownsville. Texas. THE BROWNSVILLE HERALD PUBLISHING COMPANY 1263 Adams St. Brownsville. Texas BIEMBER OP THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press Is exclusively entitled to the use of for publication of all news dispatches credited to It or not otherwise credited in this paper, and also the local news published herein. TEXAS DAILY PRESS LEAGUE National Advertising Representative % Dallas, Texas. 512 Mercantile BanX Bldg. Kansas City. Mo 201 Interstate Bldg. Chicago. 111. 180 N Michigan Ave.. Los angelev Calif 1015 New Orpbeum Bldg. New York. N Y. 80 East 42nd Street. 8t Louts. Mo 505 Star Bldg. San Francisco Calif, 155 Sansome 8t. subscription rates By carrier—In Brownsville and all Rio Grand# Valley cities 18c a week. 75c a month S Mall—In The Rio Grande Valley, in advance: one year. ; alx months, $3.75: 3 months. $2 By Mall—Outside of the Rio Grande Valley: 75c per c ontb; W OO per year, 6 months, $4.50. _ Tuesday, July 2, 1935 The Mexico of Today Recent developments In Mexico would leave one to believe that the day of the Mexico of revolutions has passed and that time has come when that country takes its politics in its stride. Particular reference is made, of course, to the an nounced withdrawal of Plutarco Calles. former president and power behind the throne, from the realm of Mexico's public life, and the manner in which this withdrawal was made. Following the is suance of a manifesto in which he voiced violent dis agreement with policies of President L&zaro Cardenas. Calles announced that he was taking himself out of the scene of political action. Not so many years ago. one of two things would have happened. Either Calles would have accom panied his manifesto with a revolution, or his with drawal would have fomented a revolution, particular ly as it was followed by the immediate dismissal from the Mexican cabinet of all who had been at any time closely associated with the former president. Right on the heels of this incident, came the parade of some 15,000 persons in Mexico City, voicing dis approval of the administration s policies regarding the Roman Catholic Church. The parade was held with out interference on the part of the government. Those who desired made their speeches, and the demonstration concluded without violence, probably the first time In the history of Mexico that such a thing has happened. Within the past three days news dispatches have carried the intimation that the newly formed cabinet will issue an order paving the way for the return to Mexico of scores of political and religious exiles, and it is further intimated from semi-official sources that the strict ban against the operations of the Roman Catholic Church in Mexico is to be lifted. Calles has withdrawn from the scene, but some of the very things that Calles advocated in his mani festo are being carried out by the Cardenas govern ment and some of the very things against which he expressed disapproval are being corrected by the Cardenas government. The border cities of Texas watch Mexico closely. These border cities have much in common with Mexico, have a great sympathy with Mexico and for Mexico. The significance of the events of the past few weeks in Mexican history do not escape the at tention of the American-Mexican border. These developments indicate to the border that : Mexico has found herself. They indicate that Mex icans in high position are placing the welfare of their country far above personal gains. They Indicate that the time is here when Mexico will progress surely to a great industrial and agricultural expansion with the fear of revolution and its consequent upheaval of accomplishment left far behind. Annual Summer Warning This being the season of the year when bathing Iteaches and the old-fashioned swimming hole are do ing an overtime bustness, a repetition of those an- ! nual words of caution to bathers might not come j amiss The cautionary words are few and simple. Don't go Into the water for at least an hour after eating; I don’t go out beyond your depth unless you are an ! expert swimmer; don’t dive into any pool without 1 first ascertaining the depth; don't swim when over- ; heated or overtired; always find out In advance if there are any treacherous currents or undertows in the water where you plan to bathe. • All of these little rules can be summed up more simply in the admonition: use common sense. Every summer week-end brings its reports of drown - ings at bathing places. Nearly £1 of these tragedies could be avoided if bathers used proper care. One of the finest of summer sports, swimming need not be dangerous if the swimmer exercises reasonable forethought. Far From a Unit The Senate Interstate Commerce Committee does the nation a service by pointing out that under our present laws only a part of our transportation sys tem is subject to federal regulation, although the system as a whole should be a unit. It makes this comment in Its report on the East man bill, which would vest regulation of water trans port with the Interstate Commerce Commission. Quite properly, the committee remarks that the present situation is chaotic and cannot continue. The railroads are subject to the strictest sort of federal oversight; buses, trucks, and steamship lines are subject to little, if any. Would not the country's Industrial structure be more healthy If all our transportation agencies were subject to the same sort of regulation, with the greatest good for the greatest number the guiding light for the regulators? Tongue Is Important I n Checking Ills By DR MORRIS F1SHBEIN Editor, Journal of the American Medical Association, and of iijgeia. the Health Magazine For many years, doctors have considered the tongue important in determining ailments. In fact, back In 1895, doctors invariably began their physical exam inations by looking at it. We know now, however, that they put a good deal more stress on tine condition of the tongue than was really necessary; even though there Is still a great deal to be learned from this extraordinary organ. In scarlet fever, for example, the tongue looks like a strawberry. In ulcers of the stomach, It is usually bright red and moist. A thin white coating or furring on the tongue is not an alarming sign, however, since it is fairly com mon in people who smoke a great deal, or who breathe mostly through the mouth. • • • The tongue's appearanoe is said to be most impor tant in relationship to disease of stomach and intes tines. Ir. this connection, however. It is not an ab solutely certain sign that something is wrong, but only an indication. There are however, certain diseases of the tongue which give it an unusual appearance. Some people, for instance have hairy tongues, in others, the tongues have a mottled appearance which make them re semble a map. Aptly this condition is called geogra phic tongue. If the tongue trembles slightly when It Is extended, disturbances of the nervous system may be Indicated. This condition is likely to be noted in cases of chronic alcoholism and In general paralysis. There are some diseases in which one-half of the tongue becomes very large, the other half remaining small. A glandular disturbance usually reflected In the body as a whole is frequently responsible. In certain blood disorders, the tongue Is soft and easily damaged. When this is the case a bite of the tongue brings on a large blue-black blister, which may last for several days. Children whose tongues are coated because of com mon infectious diseases can keep their mouths clean by using mouth washes. In some cases even chewing gum helps to clean off the debris. That was a hell of a thing to wake a man up for. There never has been nor never will be freedom when powers of government are lodged in a man or in a group of men. — Herbert Hoover. The wisdom and strength of the Constitution explain our peristence as a going concern in a world where almost all other democracies have failed. — Bain bridge Colby, one-time secretary of state. It is idle to talk of the wickedness of killing, be cause if and when the next war comes, men will think only qf the nobleness oi dying. — Lord Hewart, chief justice of England. There is no reason for believing war inevitable. A hundred years ago human slavery was held to be In evitable. and abolitionists were commonly regarded as crazy,cranks. — President K. C. M. Sills of Bowdoin College. v SCOTT’S SCRAPBOOK.By R. J. Scott iRArt £ Persian) Women wash 'Their len-Tils amp GREENS FOR FOOD IM <HE same muddy brook m WHICH <HE f Jtrr I FAMILV 1-ftUMORV m°UWTA>M STREAM is WftSHEO. «■**<? -Through -The. ' CEN<ER OF IfiE. PINING ROOM OF BROOK DALE ( LOPCE A-r brookpalc , CALIFORNIA m "fKK BELGIAN ffAMP l SHOWS CARDINAL MERGER. m »N FULL CANONICALS, . *WJM$ JH IS_bLE$$ INCS Karakul or J A5<RAKKAM "FUR* |k i5 "fHE CO*f oF A karakul lamb "TaKEH BEFORE "ifc. lamb 15 FOUR DAY* OLD — ^E YOUR4ER 'fHE LAMB'lfelkJtf^R 'tit CURL OF <JHL "FUR.'" r na»> kr News Behind the News Capital and world guasip. eeanta, and personalities, in and out at the news, written by a (roup at fearleee and informed newspaper men of Washington and New York. This column la published by Th* Herald as a news feature Opinion* expressed era those of the miters aa individuals and should not bs in terpreted ea reflecting the editorial policy of this newspaper. WASHINGTON By Ray Tucker Lew—Pat Harrison tried to slip over a fast one when he publicized a schedule of new tax rates that will raise Inly $340,000,000 annually. But he may not get away with It. The finance chairman gave the impression that his figures were official treasury proposals backed by the White House. Although they antagonized intended victims, they did not suit the liberals President Roosevelt seeks to placate. They won t produce revenue or a new social order. The amount he pro poses to rats*, won t tay half tne annual interest chargs on the na tional debt. As a matter of fact, the treasury has submitted no rates. Its experts are continually revamping sched ules and figuring out new ones in their taxation studies. What Mr. Harrison did was to grab an old set off the shelf. And it was the lowest shelf he could find! • • • Consolation— If the republicans want to know why their pockets are empty, they should cast their eyes on the bulging bank roll of the American Liberty League. Messrs. Shouse. Raskob and Smith are in the big money. And they’re spending it like political sailors. Washington headquarters costs $15,000 a month for rent and sala ries. The New York office in Als Empire State building chalks up a bill of $3,600 a month. The under sized Chicago outpost needs $1,500 a month to help save the republic. Charges for phones, telegraph, shipping, printing. 14stage and re search documents are in propc. - tion. The Leaguers blast New Deal legislation with speeches news paper hand-outs and pamphlets. Though they profess to be non partisan. the only pat they gave Mr. R; ^ It was on his bonus veto. Ma;je that will console GOP. • • • Coffers—The league pursues the same tactics its founders utilized in destroying prohibition. The publi city staff fabricates the bullets and Mr , Shouse fires them. State organizers and economists work quietly behind the scenes. Salaries are generous enough to command able troops. President Shouse draws $3,000 a month—he got a raise from $1,750 last Decem ber—and $2,000 a month for travel and expenses. Capt. WUllvn H. Stayton gets $10,000 a year, with travel allowance of $600 a month. The three-man publicity staff col lects $30,000 a year. The economist is rated at $3 600 a year. The con troller who keeps the golden ac counts gets $7,500. The library at the Washington office offers a clew to the source of funds. It has five copies of the So cial Register <$10 a copy) and three of the Bankers’ Directory ($15 a volume. • • • Revival — President Roosevelt Is keeping it quiet, but he may ask congress for a law to revitalize the anemic NR A. Employer and employe groups have steadily ap plied pressure for such a move since the court caged the Blue Eagle. Although It Is an unknown chap ter of the NR As last days, legisla tion to revive the codes in a big way has lain mi the president's desk for some time. It was drawn by Don Richberg in anticipation of a Judical setback. It re-deflnes In terstate commerce and delegates specific authority, thus meeting the supreme court’s two objections House leaders had agreed to spon sor it on the very day the nine Judges cracked down. Mr Richberg pleaded with the president to take this way out ol the dilemma. He argued that the court had shown how the NRA could be legalized. But other advisers pre vailed They persuaded Mr Roose velt to paint the blackest possible picture. This explains his so-called "court lecture” and absolute aban donment of any revival effort • Tactics — Some administration aides wont wear mourning if the holding company bill does not be come law at this session. They have hatched a scheme for forcing a rec ord vote In the House or else—. Senator Wheeler holds the key. He is quite willing to let the mea sure die unless he can retain the “death clause” passed by the sen ate. He can administer the death blow by refusing to let the senate consider any proposal except his own He can do this by refusing to put to a vote any mild compromise worked out in conference. This desperate strategy Is expect ed to have two results. Utility stocks will suffer from uncertainty caused by delay and doubt. Pro gressives will take the Issue to the country during the summer recess. They will threaten to campaign Sally s Sallies /po you +Uve.io 7 >< YOUR S_, UR 50 rtkjM ? It teem perfectly natural la mac people to be unnatural J?ummet \ureetheat ta ...■■■m ini... Him By Mabd Mcftfaott • N£A Wo* lac •mm ana touat KATHARINE STBt KHIIRIT a «■< kwailfai, allaws km tat Mass M ndt «!»• aba marries aira tat. heath eh or. ram iMIat iMtrartw wh* aaaaaa lata ■ till# aa# fart***. Rat ha rise's father ta rtab aa# bar atepmathar la aaabMab. Tba eight tallawlag bta Mb Hat* Htebaal ta lajara# to a traf ■a aeeMeal aa* whe* hr rag a I as aaaaelaaaaaaa bta aesary to las pa I re* H* far* ets tba marrlag* Katbarla*. heart-brake*. hell***# ha baa Aaaartr* bar. Rba |aaa to Near Rea tea to torsat. Waa«rr» las af far aa early as a re lag a trail. Katbarla* bseamt* laat to the Ararat. Mlrbael artrlaaa to aaptala aa# has fargteaeas. Ha hire* a plaaa I# ararab far Katbarla*. Attar a loag baat aba ta raaeae*. Mlrbael taka* bar. Ul treat shark aa* fatlcwe, t* a raaab hsaaa ■ hr **•* raaaaa r*. Barb Itat HR- JOHN KATA to law* with Katbarla*. learaa at her marriage treat SOB PARKER wh* trie* I* east Taft hist. MOW GO ON WITH TUB STOKI CHAPTER XLV11 W70RD went to Victor 8tryk " burst by wire and be. of course, was furious. “Married to Michael Heath* eroe weeks ago. He ts here with me. Both ask blessing and forgiveness." Victor almost bad apoplexy Bertlne did not do much to soothe him. What was this outlandish tale, Victor fumed! Katharine wandering around the southwest with God knew whom, lost in the desert, found by this extraordi nary young man who bad taught e riding class in lsnlcock and who. amazingly enough, bad been mar ried to Katharine for weeka Bertlne said again and again that she could not get over It. She repeated the phrase impressively, as though the very weight ot her words must stun the listener. People got bored bearing ft Lida Parker, who was fond ot Bertlne, said so roundly. „ "You really must stop raving about Kay." Lida told her friend “People will think there’s some thing odd about the whole affair and lt‘s really very romantic. It isn't as if this young Heatberoe hadn’t turned out extraordinarily well. He has a title If be cares to use It. Zoe tells me. It was all In the Times .. “Newspaper stories." said Katharine's stepmother who bad a complete disregard tor all mat ter appearing in the public prints except the society columns which were to her a sort of Bible. • Lida Parker was annoyed and showed it. "It’s the truth." she said firmly "And you know It. I think Katb trine’s done very well for her self . . Meantime Victor Strykhurst went to see Mrs. Merser. “Yes, I knew about It." Violet said. “You probably encouraged the whole thing Just from spite." Vic tor sputtered angrily. “1 wouldn't have believed It of you." “1 didn’t know until after ward," Violet told him, keeping her temper In leash. "1 warned you the day she was thrown from the horse that she needed careful handling. 1 could see by her face she was Interested in the boy But you wouldn’t let her take a Job: you balked her In everything What did yon expect?" • • • I710LET felt a sudden and Inez ’ pltcable pity tor him. sitting there with his handsome head In his banda M1d gently. He's n gentleman, nice looking and pleaaant.” -He was a groom." muttered Victor. "Ha was a cowboy before that." “You're betnt *>ry foolish about It." Violet told him. rising and terminating the interview. "I don't know why 1 should listen to your absurd accusations against me. except that I was once fond of yon. nod I reellxe parents are notably silly tn matters of this sort.” -I'm sorry." said the man knowing himself dismissed. Violet felt that absurd pity welling np in be? heart again When be left sbe sboob bands with him quite calmly, and then she went back Into tbe bouse and tore up letters wbtrb sba bad been keeping tn a locked boa. Why abe bad kept tboee old lova letters, abe could not hav# said. 8he was a irue and faith ful wife: but there bad been a lurking sentiment for tbe old tie whlcb sbs bad never before been able to sever. Sbe saw Victor oow as he really waa—elderly. Inef fectual. hidebound. How could sba ever have loved him? a aa m ISABEL, who worked lo Miss * Betsy's Beauty Shop, read the news In the village newspaper and went back to the shabby little bouse she shared with her mother and sisters to gloat over the story with a trace of envy. “I know her well.** she told the daszled little sisters who huog over the very poor half-tone re production of Katharine’s picture. "Oh. she’s lota prettier than that. Daisy! She’s a real blond—and you know we don't get many of those. I’ve seen the fellow she married many a time. too. He’s real good looking—I don’t know as he’s my type, though. Now. my Ideal—" They had heard snout Isabel’s Ideal before. Daisy frankly yawned. “My Ideal." pursued Isabel running a wet comb through her wave and narrowing her eyes speculatively at her image In the spotted and cloudy mirror. ”my ideal is sort of like Fredrlc March only younger, but with the same kind of chin." “BUI don’t look a bit like Fred r1e March.'* observed Daisy with an air of Innocence belied by the knowing sure in her beady eyes "You better let Bill alone. Isabel said with spirit. “I’ve told BUI many a time be wasn't my ideal as tar as looks go. but n* certainly Is one handsome fellow There are girls In this towt. wbo’d give their shoes to go out with him." "Ses you!" Daisy was setting the table ouw. “You mind your own business or you'll be sorry." Isabel advised heatedly. "Tell you one thing— when Bill and 1 step off we II nave a slicker looking place to live to than this dump. Wonder you kids wouldn't rinse out a bit of wash now and then, with Ms working her head off all day at the can ning factory. Too get out of school at quarter past three and bang around yelling your tKads off till Just before 1 come home Bet I know what’s tor supper too." She wrinkled her nose, star ing into the handleless pot on the stove. "Canned beans! I know It." She slammed Into the room she "It's taming oat all right.** she shared with Daisy and Uary Maud. Bill was using bar to ona of the Irst indoor hockey games tonight. She'd be lucky II abe found a decent pair of silk stock ings to wear. Bow nice It would Da, Isabel mused, suring around the dark, shabby little room, to have pretty things, to have beam and dates galore While yoo were young— that’s wben It counted because, after all It wouldn't matter whan she was older. “Oh. ala. a bos came tor yon to day." Mary Maud, gangling and pale at 11. In a gingham dree* a slse too small, cam* to sund and sure from the door. "A bos? Bow? By parcel post?" “1 don’t know. No. 1 think someone left It at the door, it was on tbe stoop. Daisy." said Mary Maud virtuously, "wanted to open It. but 1 wotMd;*« let ber.“ MARANTIC ALL 7 Isabel tor* at r tbe string, ripping it off Under rolds of tissue paper lay a white and ellrer frock. Isabel gasped. Staring. 8b* tore open the square creamy envelop* There was a signature. Sally Moon. .. . Why, of all things. . . . “Dear Isabel: I’m going to Parle for a /ear Tou said something tbe last time you did my hair about getting married. Don’t say 1 gave this to you. The old cats have talked enough already. Good luck." “Well. 1 never thought she even likfnl me." marvelled Isabel Casual, careless Sally had sent her the wedding drees! "Try It on. als. Try It on." Both dingy little girls were bop ping about In an ecstasy of excite ment They forgot about time, forgot about food. Isabel emerged from tbe scrnbby cuolcle which served as a bathroom, her arms and face gleaming from recent scrubbing. She slipped the lovely frock over her bead. “Ooh-ooh. don’t yon look nice!" Even Daisy said It reluctantly but convincingly. When you have nev»r before in your life owned a really decent frock. Isabel thought revolving before the square of mirror. It's heaven to own one at last ... It works magic for yon. Lost In her dreams, she didn’t bear the doorbell. Didn't hear BiU’a deep growl In response to Mary Maud’s piping treble. “Tell her I can't make the game," she beard at last “Tell her I’ve got to play pool with some of the fellows . . ." Isabel went out Into the sitting room BUI saw her. He gaped. The little girls, sensing a situs ;*on. withdrew to the kitchen where they peeped through the kitchen door. “Don’t bother." Isabel said loftily. "You've broken dates with me before. BUI Martin. This Is the last time. I'm getting me an other bean." She was regal In tbe white and silver. In the cheap little bouse she was like an exotic flower. “You’re tollin' m*r BUI d* mended truculently “Yo*T* my girl, aren't you? And we're get tin’ married soon, aren't we?" “Are we?" Isabel shrugged “First 1 heard of It." “Well, you know it now." said the man. He was storing at her as If he bad never seen her before, i (To Be Concluded) /VoAH NUHSKUU. A'WINtt* ice PEAR NOAM* IF ONE. coviftiNfi of Paint OH OUR HOUSC ISN'T* ENOUGH, SHOUi-D WE Put on an overt COACT? sie. souBgita MINNEAI»OI-i». MINN. DEAR NOAH — DOES A CIGAR Pi.AY AROUND in ITS OWNi SAND? JOB BUTUre. CCINTDN, IOWA SEND Ms"YOUR SPAAiC CROP* OF MUM SIC OUi. IONS NOTIONS NOVM — TO DEAR OUD*NOAH v against members suspected of em asculating the senate measure. The fur will fly if this senate-house duel reaches that stage. • • • Politics — Work relief jobs and funds have finally been parcelled out to the politicians. They will dom inate under the present setup. In spite of President Roosevelt's warnings, state and national bosses have apparently won their long fight to distribute the $4,000,000,000 fund. All but a few state directors have been appointed on recommen dation of senators and national com mitteemen. The new chiefs are ra pidly scrapping old and experienced relief workers Where a senator is in bad. the democratic governor runs the works. New Deal Idealists are disillusion ed and admit it. They have protest ed in vain to Harry Hopkins. Now they are trying to muster up cour age to present their fears and com plaints to the President. • • • Optimists — Piecing together a presidential ticket is as popular a game with republicans as word puzzles used to be at summer resorts where there was nothing else to do. It may be a useless pastime right now. but it means the OOP is sit ting up an* looking around. One fanciful arrangement links Borah of Idaho and Wadsworth of New York as a possible team. If the constitution emerges as the is sue. it la admitted that nobody could dramatize it so well as the Idahoan. Wadsworth would be a close second. But the king-makers always Conclude with the recollection that "Borah never stays put.'* Another conversationally interest ing slate consist* of Wadsworth and Lew" Douglas. Mr. Roosevelt's ex director of the budget. They would fit the political picture if federal finances dominate peoples thoughts next year. This may be hot-weather politics, but it’s significant that even the heat doesn't keep the re publicans from hoping. • • 4 Note* — Two plans for helping share-croppers are colliding — the iXigwell resettlement scheme and the Bankhead farm tenant scheme... Fhe legal showdown on the proces sing tax will come next fall, says Attorney General Cummings.. .An other good lawyer—William Stanley - has jumped from the deportment of justice. ..Josephine Roche told friends that she didn t know she was # head the youth movement till she saw it in the papers -no program has been worked out yet .. Washing ton has shied away from British feelers on the question of heading off Mussolini in Ethiopia.. Talk of Captain Anthony Eden visiting Washington didn’t strike a respons ive chord. The question arises: What has happened to the old-time cracker barrel philosopher who used to whit tle on boxwood at the country store? The New Deal probably has him cut ting paper dolls. A, Today's Almanac: July 21* 1760- AU Canada. comes into the . possession of England 1^12= Woodrow Wilson nominated for TVesi* deni on the 4£>tf' ballot* W a. vote of 65o to96 l92l*Pnesident Harding sidns . nesoluticrK declaring State of war with Germany officially ~ ended* Flashes -Of Life i By the Amo? la ted Pres*) Service Entrance— In Rear COLLING8WOOD, N. J.—Mrs. Mary Ptsark vows she’ll pay more attention to geography the next time she sells liquor. The kitchen of her home Is in adjoining Woodlynne and author ities there have shown no dispo sition to interfere with her liquor business. But one day she sold some drinks in the parlor and that was a mistake because the parlor is in Collingswood and Collings wood Is dry. So Judge Frank Neutze sen tenced her to 30 days in Jail. "I just got mixed up,” she explained. * Knows Her Job NEW YORK-Americas oldest “chorus girl” has a Job for next season and is very happy about it. She Is Mme Maria Savage accent on the last syllable—and has signed up for her 28th con secutive season in the chorus of the Metropolitan Opera Company. She will be 70 next new year's day. Mme Savage, who is a native of Belgium, has been singing in opera here and abroad for nearly 50 years For The Church Collection? ST. LOUIS—“Where's the near est church?” a feminine motorist asked John Miller, blind, as he heard a motor car stop bosldo him at the curb. “Thanks,” the voice /eplietf to his directions. As the gears meshed Miller felt a deft hand lift his purse from his pocket. It contained li. Juvenile Lottery CHICAGO — A group of small boys who broke a window a week ago while playing ball promised the owner of the building they would pay for it. There the mat ter rested. Monday Fred Hotter, 10, sor-fc^ out the owner and paid 1 \ one dollar He explain ed they charged one cent each for chances on two modest prises to cum the dollar. y,"+rtJ#ri« JL Haekin A reader mb get Um answer M any question of (act by writing The Brownsville Herald Information Bureau. Frederic J. Haskln, Director, Washington. D. (X Please enclose th*ee fJ> cents for reply Q. When was the Diesel engine first made? W. S. D. A. It was patented by Dr. Diesel in 1892. The first real engine was built the following year. It was exhibited in 1898 Q Did Pennsylvania nwbt t» placts in the early day*? W Hit A During the 18th century Penn tylvama was a refuge for European immigrants No other colony had so many different races and relig ions Dutch. Swedes. English, Ger mans. welsh, and Irish; Quakers, Presbyterians. Catholics. Lutherans, Mennonites. and Moravians. Many communities have a dialect show ing traces of many of these lan guages — particularly Flhe no-Fran conian German—which is known as Pennsylvania Dutch. Q. Is there a town In the United States governed explosively by wom en? F. C. A New Albany. Kansas, a of 203 has a woman mayor other officials. • • • Q. Who first had the title of Prime Minister of England? 8. G. A. It was first used by Sir Robert Walpole, who was In office from 1721 to 1742 Thfr title was not recogninsd by law until 1905. • • • Q. What b a mutatlonbt? J. C. A One who believes that evolution proceeded by mutations rather than by minute variations. • • • Q. Why are silos built round In stead of sgaare? D. K. A. A round silo is more readily made strong structurally than Is a square or rectangular-shaped silo. Moreover the round surface better lends itself to settlement or silage than does a silo which Is square cor nered. A round silo also requires less material In construction than a square silo of equal capacity. • • • Q. What became of the college fee Indians at ( arltale. Pa? G. 8. A. The Carlisle Indian School waa originally a military post at Carlisle, Pa., and was made into an element ary school for Indians in 1878. It was never s college, but remained an elementary school for Indian youth until shortly after the World War. when It was discontinued and the plant restored to the War De partment, September 1. 1918. • • • Q. What are the names of Haey, Long’s children? R. D. i A Senator Long's children arj* Rose Lolita, Russell Billlu. and Pal mer Reid. • • • Q Please rive directions for a crack filler, e D. A A ver^ complete filling for open cracks in floors may be made by thoroughly soaking newspapers in paste made of one pound of flour, three quarts of water, and one tablespoonfui of alum, thoroughly boiled and mixed. Make the final mixture about as thick as putty, aiid it will harden like papier mache. This paper may be used for molds for various purposes. • • • Q. Whv are so many Jewish peo ple named Cohen? E. F. A. The name is Hebrew for priest and Is a Jewl«h family dkme. Imply ing descent from Aaron and the He brew priests (Cohanlm). • • • O' Was Da Maarier*t Peter Ibbet son ever published as a serial? N. B. A. The novel appeared serially la Harper's Magarlne in 1891. * A A Q. How long have theatre* «m plorrd women cshers? H. K. A. In December. 1903, women ushers were employed bv the Ma jestic Theitre In New Yortr This was referred to In various periodi cals as a new job for women. • • • Q. What Is the origin of the eg preoslon "brand new?’’ M. M. L. A Some believe it to mean so new that the mark or brand of the maker has not yet worn away nibbed off The expression was fogr merly used only of things made of metal. • • • Q. At commencement exercise* where an IX. B. Is being confer red. on which side of the cap should the tassel he worn? E. W. T. A The faculty for exercises grant ing degrees of LL. B. would wear the tassel to the left. The class would wear the tassel to the right until each diploma was presented where upon thev would Immediately shift to the left. • • • Q. What was the Manet letter? H. D. C. A This was a private letter writ ten by Thomas Jefferson to an Italian named Mazrel in 1796. A paragraph to the effect that "air Anglican monarrhlal arlstocratkal party" had spnmg up in America whose avowed object was to "draw over us the substance, as they had already done the forms, of the Brit ish government.* did much toward arousing animosity against Jeffer son. FIRST AID BOOKLET FOR YOl R VACATION A sound knowledge of first aid methods will prove Invaluable during the vacation months *~»*ad The time ly service booklet available through The Brownsville Herald Washington Information Bureau was compt'ed In cooperation with the United States Pub lic Health Service and the American Red Cross. It tells how to treat sunburn and sun stroke. wound*, bruises, snake bite*, dog bites, poison Ivy burns; how tB check dangerous bleeding, how to rear# drowning persons, how to treat alee trlc »’*-ck. and orercome noxious ease*. Anv reader may obtain a copy of this practical service booklet from our Wash ington Information Bureau. Unclose st* cents to cover cost, handling, and postage. USB TWVS COUPON Th« Brown* *1 He Herald. Information Bureau. Praderle J Baaklns. Director. Washington. D O. I enclose herewith TEN CENTS to coin 'careful!* waoped' for a atm of ttis PTR8T AID booklet. Name ..