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The news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1876-1881, October 26, 1876, Image 1

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VOL. I--NO. 3.1 WINNSBORO, S. C., THURSDAY MORN iNGs OCTOBER 26, 1876. { o-'
A Hera1d Account of the "Three Days'
Coitespondonoo Now Yorc Herald.
October 0-Your correspondent,
pursuant to 114tructions, has given
a pationt hearin to overy man in
Aikon County wik desired to talk
about the late confhAt in this county
has tediously evolvod"jact or coiL
mont from those w1o C( not want
to talk, and has visited e(ry battle
field of this guerilla war, m)i11 the
defile where the first ronconth( took
place, past Rouso's Bridge, anA\tho
Double Bridge, the Cowdon SwatT),
Silverton, where the brace of blacku
villains committed the first crime;
Crown Milln, the point where the
railroad track was torn up: and finds
himsolf this morning at Ellenton,
the uttermost point of the conflict.
I have been especially careful to
sift the truth out of the cloud of
rumors that are flying about, and to
note nothing as trustworthy that
.was not supported by *lie affidavit
of a respectable citizen. I doubt if
there has ever been a scrious con
flict at a point so accessible to the
authorities, concerning which so
little has been reliably published.
There is a mystery about the whole,
'matter that only the most persistent
examination has cleared away. The
estimates as to the killed and
wounded have varied all the way
from ton to throo hundred. A
prominent Domocratic journalist
remarked to me quietly that he was
afraid as many as two hundred ne
groes bad been killed. A negro,
'who was in thEo skirmishes himself,
did not think over three negroes
-wero killed. Two United States
anarshals and the district attorney
avo boon enguged a wook taking
testimony, and, when I saw them
last, with a double ream of affida
vits, could not approximate even so
implo a matter as the number of
the slahm. They hope to be through
in Six or oight days, when they will
report officially. The trouble about
the matter is that the 6ighting lasted
for three days ; that tho bloodiest
work was done at night: that the
rencontres all took place in or noar
imponetrable swamps; that they
covered an area of thirty milos, and
matters have not settled yet. Add
to these difficulties the fact that
both races are still very much -,ex
cited, and you wi!l see how hard it
has boon to got
When the official report is made it
must conform essentially to what is
written below. The story is a
sti ange one. On the 15th of Sop
tembor the house of Mr. Alonzo
Harley, at Silverton, was tintered by
itwo nogroes with hugl.riious intent.
Mrs. Harley was sick in bed. Hr
son, a little fellow or tender years,
was her only conpanion, he' h usbMd
being absent. The negroes bo.ldly
entered her room and couunnoe t.>
rob, at wvhich she protei-tad. The
negroes then attacked her' and boat
her sevorocly, striking her twice or
three times over the upper' 1it o'f
the body with a club. Trhe child
then~ dttemnpted to floe the house,
and was caught by the negroos and
severely punished, lhe receiving a
blow on the back of the neck which
may disable him for life. Mrs.
Harley in the meantime had seized her
husband's gun, which she drew dowun
upon the plunderers and frightonod
them ofn, although the gun was not
Ipaded.' Shortly afterward her hus
band arrived, and, collecting a
crowd, sarted in pursuit of the
Svillains. A negro, Peter WVilliams,
was captured nnder suspicion and
brought back to the house. Mr's.
Harley at once and fully identified
him as one of the burglars. Pond
ing her testimony the negro made a
sudlden bursb for the, door, reached
it, and fled precipitately. Several!
of his captors rushed to the doors
and windows and fired upon him.
Hio fell, and wvas brought back to
the house se~vorely, and it was
thought, mortally, wvounded. He!
then confessed to having comnaittod
the robbery and been >rivy to
which, howvever, lhe claimed was
cdmmitted by one Frederick Pope,
r solored. He was thon properly
taken care of by his captors4 and h is
wvounds dressed. Williams did not
die, as has hgen reported, "but is
now convalescent. Steps were then
taken by the friends of Harley and
W bin wife to capture Pope, thme accom..
plico, if not the principal, in the
crimo for which Williatus had suffer.
od. Tihe proper afldavits were
made and Charles Griffin, a colored
justice of the peace, issued a warr'ant
for the the arrest of Pope. In the
meantinmo news had been received, a
'very general and exciting rumor pro..
,vailing to the effect that a number
o f armed colored men had assem
bled and were assembling for the
purpose of~avonging the murder of
Peter Wilhiams who wvas then believed
to b)0 dead. Williams was extremely
. popular with the negroes, and they
p retested at that time (the contrary
having bean indubitably proven
sine andl nnnfesand on all nidon,)
that he was innocent of the crime
imputed to hirm and that he had
been killed by the whitea through
pure wantonness. There are no
elected constables in South Carolina,
and the justices appoint a constable
for the serving of each warrant- they
issue. Feeling that thoro would be
trouble in making the arrest of
Pope, Griffin appointed Mr. Angus
P. Brown, a citizen of known cour
%go but of prudent good sens, to
Darry out his writ of arrest.
Mr. Brown quietly proceeded to
surround himself with a small but
detorminedl posso. By Saturday
night 1he had collected fourteen men,
liaving intended to tako only ton.
He thon waited for morning, that
the search for Pope might be com
wenced, keeping his men together
diring the night. Early in the
morAing he learned that Pope was
at Lkose's Bridge, under the pro
tection a considerablo number of
aned n 1os. He at once sent
Messrs. N-athersby and Stallings
out as scouts,\to determine if the
repoits were tiae, and in the mean
time advanced wi*4i his posse toward
the bridge, taking te precaution to,
carry the negro ju ice with him,
that the negroes migh t. b porsuad.
ed to give up their 'han without a
struggle. When the posse passe I
Silverton, the home of Mr. 'farley,
it was reinforced by five men;, the
news of the gathering at Rouw's I
Bidge having been received at Sih.
verton several hours before. Con
stable Brown's scouts roturned, and
confi med, from actual knowledge,
that the negroes toward the bridge
were terribly excited, armed and
defiant. A nogro (Sidney Hanken
son) confirmed their report. lie hav
ing been at the bridge himself. Mr
Brown and his posse-a list of
which is in my possession-moved
quietly forward.
House's Bridge spans a small
creek, and is flanked on the left and
front by an immenso swamp. It
is approached by a deep and narrow
nut. Just as the posse emerged from
this cut-or, rather, au the first men
Dmnrged-they were met with
rroin a party of negroes, who were
digned on the very edge of the
iwm.p. No one was injured, a
horse only being wounded. The
p)osso promptly returnod the fire.
It is said that three negroes were
wounded by this fire. From con
vorsation with two or three of the
Aicks ongaged, I can got thIenamne
of on ly one wounded man-Henry
Campbell, who was shot in the arm.
This, I believe, is the only casualty
of the firsl Rouso's Bridge fight. A
the fire of the whites sove al no
groos issued from mthe swamip and
liarried to reinforco their frien.ds,
who numbored originally about
thir'y. The whites, fearing the
swamlp was filled with armed no
inos. retired precipitately to a
neighboring open field, and the first
light of the campaign was over. It
is pr-ovei by the affidavits of more
IIn t dozen men, including the
-oored justice, that the nogrees
made the first fire, opening upon the
soin the defile as is descmibod
Llbove. The whites then, instead of
returning to tile attack, determined
to hold a parley. They procured 'a
white flag and sent it by a negro
womnan into the swemp, asking for a
conerence with the blackp. The
wvoman returned shortly afterward
saying that the negroes refused to
olucd ainy coimmuinicaition with the
whites. She was returned to tile
swamp~ with a more pressing invi
tation for a conference. She did,;
not return at all, but a negro camne
out uniarmned and si1ttod thaut if the
whites would send forivard six meni
nam-id in1 a list lie held in his hand,
PElt ENcE.
The whites agreed and the six
men1 onltored~ the swampli. This was
it about 5 o'clock on Sunday. The
whites showed their warran tof ar
rest and demanded thle noegro Pope.
The blacks replied thlat P'ope was'
not with them, and had not been.
The whites upni aig hsaro
~thatey would~n .di isand god
oe fthe nlogroes wvould do the
samno thing. This was arranged and
tihe qonforence terminated. The
whitos at once dispersed and started
hmomue, Mr. Brown riding off by him
loi, Mr. Sta'lingy'ond Mr. JjIhn
Williamns taking another road, and
thirteen members of the posse riding
in scattered groups toward Double
Bridge, whore they expected to
cross. These thirteon unten were
scattered along the road, 'Messrs.
Ashley and two others riding some
three hundred yards , in advance.
Whewn these gentlemen ap~proachedl
the bridge, wading through a dense
swamp, about a score of armed
negroes 'umped up and seized
Ashley. ?lhree or four guns were
r'aised towvard him, wvhen Bryant
Consel, a captain of the nego com
pknocked the guns down with
ssword, crying "Don't shoot .the
man- -don't shoot I" lie succeeded
for a moment, and then cried to
Ashley at once put spurs to his
horso and rushed off. He was fi red
em hvinveal negroes and struck in
the back by BovQral small shot, His
companions followed, one of them
losing his gun and another having
his trowser's log torn off by a negro,
who attempted to pull him from his
horse. In the meantime the whites
behind Ashley, hearing the firing,
galloped sharply forward. As they
entered the swamp, eleven in num
her, they were met with a brisk
vlley, and Jim Bush, James Coch
ran, D. W. Crossland and Sid Han
kerson were wounded. Five of the
whites stood firm and levelled their
guns. The negroes rushed on them,
Basil Bryant and Wilkins Hamilton
leading the charge. The whitos
fired steadily, and Basil Bryant fell
dead and Wilkins fell sharply
wounded. The whites then hastily
retreated, each one plunging into
the swamp at separate points.
Just one-half hour later-this,
rencontre occurring at about 6
n'clock on Sunday-the negroes
oponed the ball in another direction,
some five miles distant, near Silver
ton. Mr. John Williams and Stall
ings, two members of the dispersed
posso, who were quietly riding
home, woro fired on' by three no
groes who were lying down under a
large tree. John Williams fell dead
:m the instant, mnd Mr. Stndling's
Liorso was killed. Ho leaped ofl' and
sprung into the woods and made his
scap. At just about this time the
skies were reddened in the direction
:f Ellenton
saused by the burning of a mill, gin
bouso and barn on the place of Dr.
Niley. These had been fired by
the 'groes. Every point of the
abovais supported by the fullest
aflidavits from both - whites and
blacks. It appears that the negroos
after agreeing to a treaty of dispor
sal, which thom whites observed in
perfect faith, broke the peace in
three particulars. First, by the
fir ing on the eleven men at Double
Bridge, and wounding four of them;
second, by the firing on Williams anCd
Stallings, by which the former was
killed; third, by the burning of the
Bailey outhouses. It must be ro
mnembored that these events occurred
within two hours of each other.
They covered an area of twelve
miles, proving conclusively that
several bands of negroen were at
work with murderous intent. Oc
3.irring in the night tima as ih3y
did, scattered members oftthe.-p)se
believed that the whole negro race
of the county wore in arms and bout
m murder, rapine and arson. They -
p(d in dia'erent directions, rallying
tme white peoplc and calling for aid.
This movemont commenced at 11
1clock. By 2 o'clock possibly two
bmndred mounted white men were
hurrying t ward Silverton, whore
they were massed about daylight.
Cul. A. P. Butler and Col. G. W.
Croft were at the head of affairs.
At daylight Monday morning tho
whito column conimenced moving
briskly toward Ellenton. As they
were passing through the Cowden
plantat.ion they were met by a very
excited courier, who announced that
the negroes had wrocked the train
on the Port Royal RaVilroad hard by
and were around the wvreck in groat
numbors. They charged down uponI
the point of the wreck, being cov
ered by a high grass hedge, until'
they woero fairly upon the negroes.
They fired in upon the armed meon
standing aroundl the train and killod
one negro, wounding none. The
niegroes lired a few panicky shots
and scatter ed. Noews then camne
that the wreckers bad retired on~
Ellenton, where they had been met
by a company of Barunwcll negroes
under Simon Coker, and were in
full'and dangerous possession of the
towvn. Upon reaching the towvn
they found that the negroes had
just le ft, one0 party going~ towarid
Rouse's Bridge and the othecr, undicer
Cohor, going toward Penn Branch
Swamp, wvhere they
that were coming from Barnwell
County under comnmnrnd of Gon.
Hlagood. The wites-.-it then be
ing about 4 o'clock on Mondlay
pusihied oit4o Ro0yso's Bride. They
had not proceeded far s when their
scouts woro fired on by'aiX negroes,
who wore fortified in a little house
b~y the roadside. The main body
rushing up, the neogroes fled. David
Malloy (colored) was shot dead in
the house. Sam Brown was killed*
while running, gun in hand. WVar
ron Kalsoy wvas wvounded and fol.
The whites rushed upon him. Mir.
Jim Bush exclaimed, "Don't: shoot
him, boys, his daddy is a good old
negro." A wvhite man reaching
down in the grass, lifted Kosloy's
head and eried, "By God I lie's got
a gun in his hand, right now I" At
this a dozen shots were fire'd and lie
fell back 'dead. Couriers then
roeheg the whites and implored
them to return and camp in Ellen
ton during the night, as the negroes
had threatened to return and 'burn
the town. They did so anid wont
into camp on Monday night at
Ellenton. Up to this time the
whites had one man killed and four
wounded. The negroes had five
killed and' two wounded. During
the night and evening at Ellenton
John 1(elsey (colored) was killed
while running through a field,
armed. Wilkins Hamilton (ooloredl)
who hnd been wondead at TUnion
Brldge, was brought tQ Ellenton
and was either killed while a prison
or or died of his wounds roooivod at
the bridge. Ho was reportod dead
in the torning. Abram Hanmnond
(colored) was killed at Silverton
during the evening. How, I am
unable to learn. He was quito an
old man and was very o)lnoxious to
the whitos. I shall now leive the
Aiken Cointy whites in Campl) at
Ellonton on Tuosday moIrning (hiv
ing lost one white man with four
wounded, and having kil od eight no
groes and wounded two) to describo
the fighting done by the Barnwell
County men, who, under the loader I
ship of Gon. Hagood, and Shoriff
Patterson (colored) of. Barnwell
woro marching toward the sceno.
It will be remombored that Simon
Coker's company, armed with Win
chester rifles, had left Ellenton on
Monday evening for Pop Branch
Swamp, where they intended to
ambush the white reinotrceents.
Before reaching the swamp the
Barnwoll whites were fired upon from
an ambush, and the Sicei, Jamnes
Patterson (colored), wal sevoroly
wounded. Upon reaching the swamp
the advanco guard of lvbitos were
confronted suddenly by
who poured a direct fire into them.
Robert Williams, white, wits liled
At the first flash, Saitiuel Dunbar was
shot in the hand and breast, J. I.1
Killingsworth wits shot in the leg,
and Mike Heyeas in the neck. Tho
whites returned the liro, killing Ed.
W. Bush, colored, Roundroo, col
ored, and two negroea. named
"Paris" and "Henry." Tho' negroes
then plungcdI into tile swamp, leav
ing Simon Coker, their captain, in
bhe hands of the whitos. The
whites then pushed on toward Ellon.
bWn, carrying Coker with them. En
route to Ellenton the whitos killed
Georgo'Turner, colored, and Wil.
liam Tutt, colored. I am informed
th rt these negroOs were seen with
guns in their hands, and were fired
u apon and shot down. Arriviihg at
Ellenton, Simon Coker, lh isoner,
who had been the instigattor and
leader of the negr6es.it was.allogod,
was killed by his captors. The
B-trniwell men then killed s'on no
groes in the march to illenton,
losing one man killed and thyeo
wounded. The casualties then
stood flftoon negroes killed, in both
counties, and two worluded ; whites,
t.vo killed and eight wounded.
On Tuesday morning the Aiken
County whites, who were encamped
at Ellenton, started for - Rouso's
Brilgo, where it was understood tie
negroes were massed in largo num
ibors. Upon reaching tho bridge it
was discovored that the negroe had
crossed the crook, torn up the
bridgo and entrenched thomselves in
the swamp.
Tile deciivo moment had now
como. The mnain hody of the whites,
isoie three hundred in number,
wvero preparing to ehlrg on the
swamp in which woro ambushed the
main body of the negroes, numbers
unknown, but possiblyV as 1-trge
as file whites. TJhe wVhite's
were delayed at tihe torn b~ridge,
amid spenlt half an hour in arrangYing?
to cross thle stream. A few strag~
gling shots were fir'ed on both sides,
without damage to (either. A 1
longth tile stremn wats eros :ed and
tile whlites wVere stifleninig themii
selves in tile saddle for a charge,
whou a yell thlat b~roke from tile
depths of thle swamp~ conused them to
hesitatoe. A dozen guns were att the
shoulder to) fire on the body13 of muon
whwr (?v.1 lently aipproaeinifg the
edge of the swamnp, whenf Capt.
Croft struck them down and shout
THlE swAMP."
In a moment they broke thrnough
thle edge of the swaml;p, and( dir
covered that it was a b)ody of United
States troop~s. The soldiers cetmon
walking rap~idly forward, totally
unarmed, many withl phoir coats off,
and many of them swinging their
hats in the air'.
A comiittco of three wvhites,
headed b~y Croft, advanced to imoet
Capt. Lloyd, in command of the
troops. After saluting, Capt. Croft
"We arc bero', sir', for the purpoIxse
of en forcing order. Have you any
orders for us ? If so, they shall be
"I have none, sir'."
"Under wvhat insltrulctionsl ar'e y'ou
here, thoen, sir ?"
"Simply to I'prolrve the peCaco."
"Have you any advice to offer?"
"I advise you to disperse your1
"Will you force the negroes to
disperse ?"
"I cannot force thorm. I fool as..
suredi, hlowever', that the advico I
shall give thomn will result in their
prompjt dispersion, particularly if
you will dispeirse your men now."
This was perlfectly satisfactory to
Capt. Croft .nd his colleagues, and
in twenty minutes the column of
whlites, saluting the soldiers pleas,
anmtly as8 they passed, tiled beyond'
the soldiers, and in two hours it was
completely dispersed. The negroes
committod no more depredations
and thus the throe days' war was
(hro folonwsa n.liskt f tilleA
and wounded. The loss of th
whites is put down at two killo o
and oight woundod. That of the
negroes is ostimated at fifteen killed
and three wounded ;-all vf those
afterwards diod from their in
It apparl rem lriblo, when we
consi(er the number of men on
gaged and the timo of the confliet,
tht the death roll is so sml:l. The
truth is there was enough ferocity
and d(e0r1jinatiol in the conflict to
have caused the deaths of a thou
sand mon. If the whites had struck
tho ingroos oH Moiidai.y mnoriling at
Elleniton there would have beon
turriblo slaughter. If tho United
States troops had boon half an hour
later at Rhouse's Bridlge Hwallp
scores would have fallon riglit there.
The main bodios: of whites and
blaeks never colli led. The blacks
at the first fire would bury thom
selves in the swimps, whither the
whitos were afraid to follow them.
The negroes lacked anunnition and
propr arms. There werve, proba
bly, thirty Winchester rifles in the
swamps. All else woro shot-guns,
old imisket, &. Tlie negroes
loaded their gums With half charges.
Wilkins K1.unilton, colorel, pulled
down his shotgun on Jim Bush, at,
lboit forty paces. A spoonful. of
bird shot pattered against Bush's
thick coat al fell back fromI his
ihirt bosom. Half the wounds re
3oived by the wh tes were, from
imall shot. Whorovi the Winchos. 1
L4r whistlod there was., trouble in
the ttir.
I scenothing in this ierrible Con
flict beyond a hint as to the heat of
tho canvass and of the inllmmuable
iature of things here. The nogroos
wor imprudent aind wanton in two
Lospects. I can hardly blame them
for ralying at first to protoA:t
Lrederick Pope. They believe(d
that Willi:m;, their faLorito, liad
.)coi lyncheld and that Popo wis
beilg hunted down. They very
Iaturally thought of protelting him.
l'h.y were wrong in violating the
breaty they made, by killing" Wil
liais, by aibulhinig the party at
Doublo Bridge and by firing the
lailey ontlIonses. They wore
wrong in tea-ring up the railroad
track and cutting the telegraph
wires, in broaking open and i upln
d1oriig W4:.V sly's tole,,.in, driving
Lattl, into tho swaips Inld 'hiflhig
tihem, inl throatoning Ellenton. T1he
whites Were 11101h Imiore prudent and
corrot. Indood it is hard to soe
how the whtes wore so easily coun
trolled as th6y wero. They are con
tin ually nervous about the ra -o
question anyhow, as the blacks out
number them ten to one. Now let
us consider the condition of mind
those m)1on1 Who were amiibihlled at
Doublo Bilge Oil Sunday night
m1,ust have been in. They wor
openly attackod by a largo nminber
of am..ed negrous iu the night. Af
ter they scattered, wounded amid ex.
haustd; they discovered that an
otior party of negroos had killed
Willi:uns and shot Stalling's horse.
While they were receiVinlg this ne(ws
theoy saw the skies reddening with
t wo or th)ree incondiar'y fires, cvi
dontly tihe work of another pairty of
1ngroo!s. Thcy flti ertatin, so mlany
of tihim informeid mel, tha;t there had
been1 a genera'Il priing of the i ne
groes for the~ pulrpa~s( of rape and~
miurder and ars'onl. Thir coo)less in1
disp)ersing so promptly at their
caiptalin's; call is remairkable.
IE wRlE.CKlNo OF Trri TR) UN.
It has beeni sauid by 8uen:tor ,Johnu
Palttersonl that the white people
wrecked the train on the Port Royal
Rt ilroad for* the purpos1)e of robbery,
beliieving~ that a tUn ited States pav
miaster with $5t0,000 was onk board.
Tlhis can hlardly hem so, a1s the trainl
that was wrcked was the way
freight trinf onl whieb'h no passon
gorsi (mnoh less a Uni ted Stte
paym)aster) ever travet. Besides
this theo telegrap1h wires were ou't in
throc placees On tile night before tile
train was duo-a hardly likely p~ro
coeoding if robbiery was tho objoet.
I hlave FOOn) tile atfhdeit of Tennan t,
the engineer, inl which 1ho :ays that
the fldh in front of th~e place where
the engine wasI1 wreoked was full of
armed nlegroos. The imupression is
antd it is sh!ared bly all, that the
niegroes feared tihe train would
brn~g 1h011 from Augusta and they
determJ~ined to wreok it.
I ami con)fvinced thait to great
masses of negroes inl South Caroinai
as well as elsewhore, are poCrfootly
peaccalo~~l and h~armlossR. It is only
when thesir leadlers stir their pak
sions and appoal to thtoir prejudices
thait they are vicious or dangerons.
I was at (Capt. Croft' house1W inl Aihen
at nline( o'clock at Inighlt, exnminingv
some) aflidavitm, whenl two ladies who
had b)een visitin~g imi passed out,
and gettmng into their buggy drove
off' alone in the moonlight, living
nearly two miles away. I was
struck with this pr' etical tribute jo
the quliet and inoffensivo disposition
of the negro when lie is in his normn
al state. NMyroly the ladies of tewv
Counties will so trust tihe mausos50 of
their peoplo as to go out riding.
alone at night. There is no better
peasantry on earth than the negro
when he is not. l1 off by diing
men. I waR descanting upon this
incident of the, night iI, Aikon
the day after it. happen(d1 and
putting the interpretation oin it
noted above. A hirsuto citizon of
Aiken remarked to me, "You hain't
struck tho gist of that thing yet."
"Why?" I asked.
"Woll, thomle women was safo, be.
causo we've taught the nigger down
hero that our women is one thing
they can't totch. It's sartain death
to a nigger to put his hanj~d onto a
Now my hairy. friend may b right
after all.
Vo! iti il,
Throauoning Aspect of Affaira In South
Columbia Correspondenco Now York
"I'm a Republican,. but I can't
vote for Chamnberlin. Neither will
I vote for General Hampton, becauso
h reprosonts opinions at war with
my wholo life. Personally, I like
General linapton ; personally, I do
not like Governor Cihaiberlain. A
man of his character is not fit to
dilchargo the d-iti.aof tLe Executive
of the State He is liko a skilful
forgor, who would bo more success,
ful in making forgerios than a burg
This was the voluntary expression
of Judge Carpenter, of this judicial
circuit, in my presonce, a few days
Lr(o, and I give it as asamplo qf what
you can hoar at any tiio coming
from the averago Republican of any
respoetahilhity or social standing.
The diffcrenco between Carponter
and his associates is that, whilo quite
it number of thom frooly announce
their intention of voting for Hamp
ton, few of then disagree ati to their
stinmat of Chamberlain. Blows
fall thick and heavy from all sides
on that gentloman's dovoted head.
He is oponly donounced by R1epub
licans as well as Democrats as one
of the most coirupt and unscrupu
lous leadors of the Republican party
in this State, not excepting Franklin
J. MAoses, who was dubbed by the
N0w *York Times a "The 1 obler
Considcr, too, that they have, as
16onizazhdi t hiiiiif tlehe Cho Sta
o.-: 40,000 stafids of' arns and an'
6 '!quato supply of anninition to
te n uskeLs distributed among them,
:nd it will be soon1 that the 90,000
ner:gro voto:s of Soiti Carolina are
quitito a formidablo body. To make
the matter siill worso thsO armjs
are not where they should be, in the
t'ianaories ad arsenals of the State.
They are in the hands of the nogrooe.
Hardly a cabin Call he found without
its old anny iilsket or now breoch
loader. and thoso other favorite
wa.spons of the nigro, the razor and
the fo:-ch, are aboard in ondless
pmintiity. With all those warlike
appliancos, and with their passions
inallad by un incipled a-nd dan
geouls load1(ers, w~ho hesitato at noth
ing. not even at having the negroes
btcheed11l to acecomnplish thir ends,
it cani casily bei 5oon thmat ini ani o
cited political contest like the
presen1t there is amlo ground for
thle aplproh ansion and alarim among
the whtitot. ,And in this lies the
origin and (explaniation of the rifle
(lub an ~id the sabre clubs.
iiAM'ToiN's rMEETINos
aro. the inmt enthusiastic and order
1)y of any political meetings in tho
tinttir1 Ol ontry, and the Republi
cans and their speakers are* inivited
to oiver'y one of them, to hoar' and to
hao heard. But it is ii this that the
Republicans "don') tote fair." They'
will not hold tuotmngs of their own,
nioriwill they accept the division of
tim tendered th em at Hampton's
1meetfing~fs for thei r speaklers. Their'
poliiy is to keep thme negroes as
imiuch as p)ossiblo fromu the temnpta.
tioni of the winning ways and seduc
tive bl-mdishmuents. of H~amplton's
speakers. It is the first time since
1C)icontuctioni thait thme Democrats
of South Carolina have "stooped to
conlquor." anid it is amazing, coniid
orinag the menacing attitude of the
parties, to sno hiow keenly anid well
they are bieginning tO alpprociatO the
houmago (duo to the new sovereign in
Anmncan c!itizonmship wvhen his vote
is wvanited. T~hey do not hiully, pat
romz~o or argue with the American
African, but they coax and court
him, nmd often succeed in gaininag
his piolitical affections. G*o to any
meeting of Hampljtoni's and yon cant
now see negroos b)y thme hundreds,
mounted and mixed with the whites,
weairing Hampton badges and cheer
ing lustily for that candidato of
reformn and hone08t govern mont,
It is strongly sm'mised-and this
surmise is wvarrantod by the eircumn
stances sm'rounding the Bopublican
canvass here-that Governior Chamn
berVlaiin is heartily siek and tired of
it ; and that, if he could, withon6
being charged with political cowvard,~
ice, hao wouldi withdrawv. Hoe has
tacitly confessed that the present
governmient (of the State is a die,
grae and a sham;i that he, as the
Executive, has not the poweor to on
fore the law, and that the existing
pNca. d good order is solely due
to the law abiding character of tho'
very people he chargos with boing.
in a stat. of iisurrection. Many.
hero firmly belivo that Chamberlainx
does not desire a re- election, but that
he is forced to make the outra e
campaign that lie is engaged in or.
the benefit of the party in the nation
al contest at the North. Yet Re
publicans pay that with'5,000 troops(
in the Statobthamberlain will carry
it by a largo majority. From my.
observation, howayer, Iam inclined
to beliovo that the majority will bei
largely oq thlv other side. It is odd
to hear of the implicit reliance thq
Republicans place on the presenca
of troops and the indifforence of the
whites as to whether they are hero
or not. I askod a Republican :
NVlat good can the troops do
you P
"Olx they can do us lots of good,%
"In what way ?"
"I will toll you that privately.
When the troops come the party
runners will be instructed to circu
lato it secretly among the negroos
that the soldiers wert sont here by
Qenorim1 Grant to sco thatthey voted
the wholo Rel)ublican 'tickt.'
Thiscandid admission of the use
of troops for the purpose of a moral
intimidation of the nogroes against
voting for Hampton was very ro
freshing, and though related privatq
ly by my informant I think too good
not to publplj. Thore can be no
ground for Itopublican complaint on
this scoro, as troops are epmiing to
the Stato every day and are being
ifigaod to distritAs wheia their
prosenoe will havo the groatost mor
al and political offect as rapidly as
they arrive. In making arrots they
are also required by the United
States deplity marshals to accon
pany thom in squads; and to thiq
constab)ulary duty some officors very
BtrQnugly object,
One of the army oflicors, whe
wife is a nioco of Mrs. H air i*t n
Fish, not long ago wrote an indig.
nint letter to that lady protesting
agaist the dirty, petty politiegJl
work the army was put to do down
hero, aid requesting her to uso hoex
influenco to have him assigned to
soime other duty out of t-h South,
and statinqg that if she did not suc
coed he would bo forced to rosign.
I a few days after ho was ordered
to Now Yorl on recruiting sorvice
for two yqars, nch to the giutinoa3
tion of himself and friends,
Judge Mackey In New Y9, .
In Now York on Wodnesday even,
ng Mr. Parke Godwin delivered an
ddross at the Coopor Union to an
mmonso aldionco on the issues of
the present campaign and in advo
cacy of the elootion of Tildon and
Hendricks. At the close of his ad
dross Judge Thomas J. Mackey, of
South Carolina, was introduced. Iuq
met with a very warmn reception,
After spoaking *ht great length on
the past and the present condition of
South Carolina, he said that tho
people of the State were dotormined
to throw off the oppressive yoke
wvhich they had borno for the paist
eight years. [Choecrs.] "WVo are
carrying -the lag of the Union
and weo consider ourselves good ainy4
loyal American citi,ens, [Choers.]
We mean to stand Airm in our otort
to free oursolves from the abuuon
heapod upon tna by corrupt rul>, but
we mean to accomplish this by tho
ballot and not by the sword,
[Cheers ] Sijnce the closo of then
war we bave greatly suffered from
the prosent pornicious government.
At that timeothe popu lation of South
Carolina was 700,000, composed of
about 400,000 blacks and 279,000
wvhitos. In July, 1868, the debt of
the State was $5,000,000, and in six
years itlhadinoesed to $20,000,000.
Tihe public printing alone one year
cost $300, 000 The wvhole taxablo
property did not amount to oyeor
$18,000,000, from which the flopub
liocans extracted $2,000,000 yearly,
All theo work of the Legislaturo could
')0 completed in thirty days, bult thme
session is extended Oor onQ hmn-,
dred days, costing each year $612,
000. The system of taxatjicn in the
State amounted to nothing short of
confiscation of property, ("Shamo h"]
Columbia the capital of the State
has a tax of.5g por cents while the
bank rate of interest is irom 18 to
80 per cent., owing to the great risk
of making any kind of investment.
We cannot draw capital from the
groat North in exchangeofor the pro.
ducts of the Slate, now wasting for
the want of a proper market. There
are out of 10,000,000) acres of arablo
land only 8,000,000 acrea under cub
tivation, owing to tko high rate of
interest and the vicious system of
government. Tho only class of per
sons wvho have done wveil in South
Carolina areithe earpet-baggers and
the o0fice-oders-the latter growv
richer as the governmnt 'grows.
more corrupt [laughtor] Atyd. are
likely to do so until th&ey are wipoed
out at the coming elction. (Ap,~
plauso.] The speaker then refero
to the nomination of Gin. Wadq
Hampton for G.overnor of South
carolina, who, ho said, wvas fa
from political tainit, as wvere the
other Denmocraticocandidates for
office. They intend to o their duty
and had dared to face their Iapub
loan enemios oven in spite of~h
buyonet." [0heers

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