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The times and democrat. (Orangeburg, S.C.) 1881-current, April 29, 1886, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86063756/1886-04-29/ed-1/seq-1/

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Particular* of the Expense of the State
Government of South Carolina?Dots for
^Koforiners to Work On?What can be
Cat Off?
The following article will give the
reader the particulars of the expenses of
the State government of South Carolina
for one year. As tlds is a year of re
form and economy the people may from
* these facts be able to show where a re
duction in our taxes can be made. The
total anionnt is nearly one million dol
lars. If we add the expenses of the
various county governments and the
poll and school tax we will have very
nearly a total of two million dollars to
be raided by taxation for one year alone.
We hope some one will be able to point
out where a reduction in taxation can
be made:
governor'S office.
Salary of Governor.$3,500
. Salary or Private Secretary.1.500
Salary of Messenger. 400
Contingent fund.4,000
Stationery and stamps. 250
lieutenant governor.
Salary of Lieutenant Governor... .$1,000
office secretary ok state.
Salarv Secretarv of State.$2,100
Salary, of Clerk.1,500
Contingent fund. 250
Stationary and stamps. 250
office comptroller-general.
Salarv of Comptroller-General.. .$2,100
Salary of Clerk..-..1,500
Salary of Bookkeeper.1.500
Contingent fund.,. 300
Stationery and stamps. 250
Printin? blanks. &c,. 200
For examining the books of County
Auditors and Treasurers. 000
office state treasurer. '
Salary of State Treasurer.82,100
Salary of Clerk.1,500
Salary of Bookkeeper.1,500
Salary of Boookkeeper loan Depart
Contingent fund. 250
Stationery and stamps.,. 250
state house AND GROUNDS.
Salary of Keeper. $500
Salary of Janitor. 160
Salary of Two Watchmen. 800
Bepairing State House. 200
Improvement Stat? House Grounds 200
office attorney general.
Salary of Attorney General.$2,100
Salarv of Assistant Attorney Gen
Contingent 'fund. 200
Stationery and stamps. 60
Expenses of litigation...4,000
?TOWTci; s c'l'eki'itendent of educa
Salary of Superintendent of Educa
Salary of Clerk.1:100
Contingent fund. 200
Stationery and Btamps. 150
Books and blauks for public schools 800
Expenses State Board Examiners.. 300
Conducting Normal Institutes... .1,500
adjutant general's office.
Salary of Adjutant General.$1,500
Salary of Clerk.1,200
Salary of State Armorer..'.. 500
Salary of Ordnance Sergeant. 400
Contingent fund. 150
Stationery and stamps. 150
Expenses Adjutant General's
Maintaining militia.14.000
Confederate rolls. 500
judiciary department.
Salary of Chief Justice.$4.000
Salary of Two Associate Justices 7000
Salary of 8 Circuit Judges.28,000
Salary of 8 Circuit Solicitors.12,500
Salary of Clerk Supreme Court. 1,000
Salary of State Reporter. 1,000
Salary of Librarian Supreme Court 800
Salary of Messenger Supreme
Court. 250
.Salary, ot Attendant Supreme
Court. 250
Contingent Fund Supreme Court 500
Books Supreme Court... 1,000
State librarian.
Salary of State Librarian. $625
Contingent fund. 200
Stationery and stamps.... 200
Purchase Supreme Court Reports.. 450
registration and election.
Salaries Supervisors Registration $7,000
Blanks for general election. 800
Books and certificates supervis
ors registration. 2,000
Commissioners and managers of
election for per diem and mileage 20.000
health department.
Salary Health Officer, Charleston $1,$00
Salary of Health Officer Hilton
Head. 800
Salarv of Health Officer. St. Hel
ena. 800
Salary of Health Officer Oeroge
town. 500
Salary of Keeper Lazaretto Hos
pital. 400
Buildings at Port Royal. 200
State Bond of Health.3,000
Maintaining Quarantine.1,000
Repairing Keeper's buildings at
quarantine station at Charles
Salarv of Superintendent.$2.100
Salary of Phvsician.1.200
Salary of Clerk.1.200
Salary of Captain of guard.1.200
Salary of Chaplain. G00
lunatic asylum.
Salarv of Superintendent.93.000
Per diem and mileage of regents.. 2,000
Insurance of buildings. 3,000
Support of.70,000
Purchasing books for patients.... 50
Center building.41.110
Repairs on new building. 700
south carolina university.
Salary of librarian. $500
Repairs on buildings. 1.000
Insurance on buildings. 1,000
Support of schools.. ~.15.000
Salary of assistant professor of
Col M Clover Jau 1, '8G
59. OI
Salary or professor of applied
mechauics. 300
Equipping department of applied
mechanics. .1,200
south carolina military academy*
Insurance Citadel buddings. $400
! Support of beneficiaries.20,000
deaf. dumb and blind asylum.
Support of Dumb and Blind
Insurance on buildings. 331
Drainage..".. 200
Purchasing organ. ).,200
catawba indians.
Support of Catawba Indians. 8800
legislative department.
Per diem, mileage and stationery
Pay officers and employees. 5,000
Contingent expenses, Senate.... 400
Contingent expenses, House ot
Representatives. 000
Engrossing and enrolling depart
ment. 2.500
Public priuting. 15,000
Civil contingent fund.$1,500
S. C. Agricultural Society.2,500
Columbia water works. 1,000
Repairing executive mansion..... 700
Completing consolidation. 1.000
Harber master, Charleston. 1,100
State board of equalization. 1,000
Muster roll of soldiers of the Revo
lution. 300
Artificial limbs.0,000
Interest, consols. 352.790
Deficiencies. 27,028
Agricultural College scrip. 11.508
Claims passed. 3,000
County Auditors' salaries. 21,000
Total amountof State taxes..$032,144.
To this must be added the County .axes
iland 2 mill school tax.
The Agricultural Bureau has an in
come from tax on guano of between
$20.000 and $30.000. The people pay this
tax. the guano companies adding all
taxes and expenses to the selling price
of their iroods.
The expense of the Railroad Com
mission has so .far been borne by the
I A Jealous Mail Shoots His wife, and Then
Wows Ofl" His Head.
New Orleans, April 23.?Early
this morning Mrs. William E. Nossen
was awakened by her husband, who
told her that as they could not live
peaceably they had better die together.
At the same time he drew a revolver.
Mrs. Ncsseu caught his arm, but he
fired, the bullet passing through her
wrist. Their thirteen-year-old son rush
ed in grappled his father's arm, but the
second shot took ofl" the boy's finger
.and.sent tho bullotjnrto fcfo 'wife's bfea?t
inflicting probably- -a'atal wound. Mrs.
Nesseu ran screaming from the house,
but sank uncouscious to the sidewalk.
Her husbaud did not attempt to follow,
but going to*, their room removed his
false teeth, and placing the muzzle of the
revolver in his mouth blew off the top
of his head, dying almost instantly. He
has frequently accused his wife of infi
delity and they had many quarrels in
consequence. He leaves ten children,
the result of three marriages. The
youngest child is 6ix mouths old. Nos
sen was sixty-two years of age. His
wife is fort}'.
Buried in a Sand Bank.
QuiNCY, III., April 22.?Eddie and
Charlie Kinsmeyer, aged twelve and
seven years, and Charlie Kellerbach,
aged ten years, disappeared on the 4th
of last September. Yesterday a man
hauling sand for a foundry was loading
his wagon near the river bank, and on
lifting his shovel was horrified at finding
that he had cut the head from a human
body. Upon further ivestigatiou the
bodies of three children were exhumed
from the sand bank and were identified
as those of the missing boys. It is
thought that the boys were digging a
! cave in the sand when it caved iu and
buried them alive.
Kesurreoted from Death.
Last week an accideut occurred in this
county, the results of which are rather
remarkable. Mrs. Barnwcll Akm miss
ed her little girl, and after searching
some tune found her in a tub of water
dead. This was seme time iu the after
noon. The body of the little one was
taken out and carried in the house, and
after night came on life asserted its
sway, to the joy of the parents. Our
informant states that she was quite ill
on Sunday and may yet die from the
effects of being in tiie water so long.?
Barnesvillc (Ga.) Gazette.
Kx-Pre.sident Arthur's Illness.
New York, April 22.?There nre
I many conflicting rumors in regard to
i the illness of ex-President Arthur, but
J that prevailing is that he is slowly im
| proveing. Mr Sherman W. Kncvels,
j his law partner, said last night: "I
j have not seen Mr. Arthur lor a few days,
; but have heard from him within the last
j twenty-four hours. He is gradually
j improving, and I do not think his condi
j lion at all serious. I believe that he has
: some trouble with his kidneys, but If the
j line weather continues we may hope to
i see him about soon."
Shad by the Thousands.
Shad are more abundant in the Calaw
I ba River this Spring than they have
j been in twenty-live years. There is a
I perfect camping ground at the Catawba
j Falls, and we are informed that many
j people are there night and day. Last
i Sunday the traps got so full of shad that
I the buzzards Hocked around the traps
and ate the fish which had died in the
traps by reason of the traps being .so
full offish that the water did not cover
them.?Chester Bulletin. April 23.
EitE?. E. Van Meerbeke, of New
York, who is making a tour of the
county on a bicycle, passed through
Spartanburg a few days ago. He
averages thirty-four miles a day;
One Killed Outright ami None of the Vic
tims Kxpected to Live?Repeated At
tempts of the Demente?! Wo in an to Com
mit Suicide?Says She Killed Her Chil
dren to Save them from Hell.
Keypobt. 2st. j., April 25.?Mrs.
Fannie Smith, the wife of a fanner liv
ing about seveu miles South of this place,
became Insane'Friday morning, took a
dose, of poison and crushed in the heads
of four of her childreu with an axe. The
youngest child died immediately and the
others are not expected to live till morn>
mg. Mrs. Smith is also very low aud
will probably die.
The family consists of J. Monroe
Smith, the father, about tifty-five years
old; the mother, who is forty-three years
of age, and their live children?nineteen,
eighteen, thirteen, eleven, seven and
four years old respectively.
The family retired rather earlier than
usual, so Mrs. Smith arose about 5
o'clock in the morning and roused her
husband at the same hour. Their break
fast had been prepared by a colored wo
man who has been in the family's ser
vice for years. After eating, Mrs. Smith
left her husband in the kitchen, and
went out to the hen-house. Mr. Smith
followed her in a few moments to a hot
house, which was about one. lumdred
yards away from the house. In the heu
house Mrs". Smith took out of her pocKet
a package of Rough on Rats, which she
bought ?ud concealed over three years
niro. She swallowed a large dose of the
p?isou and threw the box away. On her
way back to the house she picked up a
large axe, which she concealed beneath
her dress.
Entering the house she went first to
the bedchamber of the four-year-old
daughter Edna, who was quietly sleep
ing. She took the axe from under her
dress a?d brought it down with terrible
elfect on the child's head. She did this
three times until she saw that the little
curly head was split open. Then she
left and entered the bedroom of her son
Rufus, thirteen years old. She struck
him three or four blows on the head
with the back of her axe, which laid the
side of his head open. Next she turned
her attention to her eleven-year-old
daughter. Bessie, whom she found on
her knees praying. The child seemed
to know that her turn had come, as she
bad witnessed the attack on the others.
She lifted up her hands imploringly and
begued her mother iu a faltering voice
to spare her, but this had no effect on
iUMfcfrenried. woman.- for sbfejjNfgfcj^SXe ?
cointr-down1' on the poor little child's
head with as niucb force as at first, and
a moment later her third victim was
I)iug on the tioor with her skull fractur
ed. A moment later she had struck
Alida, another of her children.
The sound of the child's voice had
reached the ears of Bettic Beldo, the
aired colored housekeeper, who ran to
the child's assistance up stairs. Mrs.
Smith had just completed her bloody
work, but she was still In a frenzy ol
excitement. Siie turned on the old wo
man and raised her axe with the intent I
of adding another victim to the list.
Bettle turned and ran down stairs, pur
sued by the woman, who now began to
show her insanity by howling at the top
of her voice. Finding that she could not
overtake the colored woman, Mrs.
Smith threw the blood-stained axe after
her. but it struck the wall, and the col
ored woman ran out of the house scream
ing with terror.
The insane woman picked up her fear
ful weapon again and retraced her steps
up the stairs to the room where her
eighteen-year-old daughter was. Tins
girl had seen some of the tragedy, had
picked up the baby, two years old, aud
lied to the apartment for safety. She
bad not time to lock the door when her
mother, with the axe raised above her
head, was upon her. Then a fearful
struggle began. The girl knew that her
mother meant death, aud all her ener
gies were aroused to keep the door fast
until assistance would come. She threw
her body against the door, while Mrs.
Smith struggled to force it in. Finally
the brave girl succeeded in turning the
key. Then she laid down the baby and
hurried away to tell her father of what
had occurred, while the mother was try
ing to battle down the door with the axe.
The girl met her father and Bettic
Beldo hastening from the hot-house to
the scene of the tragedy. The husband
ran up the stairs. The insane woman
turned with rage and raised her weapon,
but at sight of him she cowered and let
it fall nervously to the lloor. Then she
fell down herself and grovelled at his
feet. Tears sprang into the man's eyes
and trickled down his checks as he cried:
"Fannie, what made you kill mv chil
Without any apparent sorrow for her
terrible work she answered calmly:
"Why, Monroe. I was told by God to
do so. and I obeyed Iiis commands."
Then getting upon her knees and look
I ing up into her sorrowful husband's face,
she said:
'?I know I did wrong, but it was the
onlv thing to be done to save them from
? By this Mrs. Smith meant that she
j was afraid that the old homestead which
|has been in the family for generations
I was lo be taken away from them, in
i which case the childreu would be thrown
! upon the street and feared that they
would become dissolute.
In one room lay the body of little
Edna cold in death. In another one lay
Bessie, the pretty girl that got down
upon her kneeus to beg for hie. One
of her eyes was cut out where the axe
hit her uplifted head. Three of the.
fingers of her left band are also missing.
Her skull was fractured on the left side.
Rufus. the thirteen-year-old boy, was
lying beside his sister lu a \h>o\ of blood.
JBSl^Y, APBTL 29, 18?
His head, like that of Iiis sister, was split
open. SHc half awoke from a sort of
stupor and asked what was the matter.
TwO i Of 'Jus fingers are cut off. Alida,
the; remaihhig daughter, was lying in
another bed, where she appeared to have
been nsleep when she received the blows
from the axe.
Mr. < {Smith could say nothing. He was
completely prostrated by the blow he re
ceivedlrom his wife's actions. He beg
ged todj?-left aloue with his misery. He
wbuldfppeatedly ask how Ins children
were, and the doctors would give him
verjv^ttle encouragement.
Li/J^jL^Mfta never breathed after the
axe stracker. The other three child
ren are in "a very low condition, and the
four'doctors iyho are in attendance fear
tliati they wil-.^je dead before morning.
Tbevli? halfuuconsciou8, and when they
rdlyT^jom- h'ieir stupor their minds
wander vand. they begin to mumble in
coherently. The doctors cau do noth
ing for^hem at present as their skulls
are all trashed in. At this writing. 10
P. M^/rthey fear that both the mother
and children will die during the night.
The iSofeon that Mrs. Smith took ap
pears t?fhave just taken ellect upon her
r * shells sinking rapidly.
tie Edna was buried yesterday
I moinhig. Hundreds of people gathered
I around, the homestead and the road to
;the cemetery was crowded for an eighth
i ota mjie with wagons. At the grave a
sad. and impressive sermon was deliver
ed by'the clergymau, and when the last
wordsfwerc spoken and the coffin was
nhout to be concealed, the father an. I his
eightjeh-ycar-old daughter, Laura, gave
way' tt> their feelings and threw them
selves on the ground. The father called
upon ..heaven to save his other children
from the fate of little Edna. Kind hands
placed^, the heart-broken father and
claugh^r in their carriages, and they
were-'iakeu home to their house of sor
While- the funeral services were being
read'.at-the grave, a far dift'erctit scene
was oecurlhg tit the house. Mrs. Smith,
who had- noticed the funeral leaving the
houses-had sharply watched the move
ments^ Mrl S\. H. W illitt,who had been
left to,watch her. Noticiug him leave
the .room for a moment, she jumped
from her bed and made for the closet
wherc^.lhe- remainder of the rat poison
was stowed away. Sim intended to take
anotKe^.dose tor the purpose of ending
her life, but Mr. Willitt returned in time
to save her. She struggled vainly to
get possession of the poisou, but finally
had4o?iv,e tip when o\ crpowered. It
was tm second time she attempted to j
finish the deadly work. During the dead
, of-night/, she got up when Mr. Willitt
was IHU doze and gamed the stairway.
'^filf^SP?^ie. children's^bedchnmber.
When she was aTscOvered and brought
back. Mr. Willitt sa?l to her:
??Why, Fannie, what do you want
"I want to keep my children from
going to hell," she answered "The
devil had a hold on me last night aud
now he has deserted me, so there is
nothing for me to do but to finish my
work and meet him in hell."
"Regaining her senses again, she asked
how the children were aud begged pile
ously to see them. She expressed great
sorrow for the deed she had done and
hoped that God would forgive her.
Since Frida}' morning she has not par
taken of a particle of nourishment. A
litte cold water is all that she asks for
or will take."
It was only about ten days ago that
Mrs. Smith, while on u visit to her uncle,
John Eastmoud, at Port Monmouth,
said to his wife that if Monroe, meaning
her husband, would not take her away,
she would do something terrible. Mr.
Smith was told of what Iiis wife had
said, and asked what he Intended doing.
'?Oh, 1 think I am able to take care of
her," lie replied. "I always lock our
door and hide the key away, so if she
wanted to get out she could not."
Rufus, the thirteen-year-old son who
received three terrible gashes, is entirely
I unconscious of what' had happened.
When he awoke during the night he
lifted his hand to his head and said;
"O! that pains me. What did It?"
He was told that a log had fallen from
the barn and struck him. He appeared
to be satisfiied with the explanation, for
he sank back into a sort of stupor again.
Bessie, the pretty eleven-year-old child
who had prayed her mother not to kill
her. gamed consciousness during the
early morning, and the first thing she
said was:
"Where is mamma*'"
She was told that the physicians had
forbidden her to speak, but she insisted
on knowing, and when told that her
mother was down stairs dying, she
-?Oh, poor mamma! 1 know she did
not mean to hurt me. It was not her
fault. I hope she will go where Edna
In the next room was Lidia. the sev
en-year-old daughter, who had three deep
gashes in her head. Three of the lingers
of her left hand were gone, and her right
arm was almost oil". For a few moments
at tunes she gains consciousness, and
then passes oil'into a semiconscious cou
dition. When asked how she felt, she
said that her head pained her terribly,
and when she attempted to lift her hand
a cry of pain escaped from her lips.
The suffering of the three poor innocent
children is terrible.
Prof. G. W. Holmes, Principal of the
Keyport Academy, and a relative of the
Smiths, said the time twelve years ago
that Mrs. Smith had th?s trouble at child
birth, --die received a notification from
Marcus B. Tay. the lawyer at Keyport.
that a mortgage of 82,000 was to he
foreclosed. This completely prostrated
her. as she had no money to pay off the
mortgage. She had hoped to realize
enongh from her strawberry crop, but as
that was a failure she was completely
upset, and that caused her insanity.
Don't borrow your neighbor's paper.
A Street Fight Hut ween the Editors jit
Our streets were thrown into quite a
state of excitement on the morning of
the 10th iustant, by an encounter be
tween the editor ot the Star and the
senior editor of the ? Press. The facts I
as related by several eye witnesses are j
as follows: On the morning of the 15th
inst. one day after the issue of tiie Press,
at about half-past 7 o'clock in the morn
ing as the senior editor of the last named
paper was*on his wav to breakfast, and
just as he passed the cornor of the
street on which is situated the store of
Messrs. Terry & Shaffer, his attentiou
was arrested by someone hailing. Stop
ping to listen he heard footsteps ap
proaching from around the corner, and
directly the editor of the Star made his
appearance, each advanced toward the
other, and when they got within speak
ing distance the editor of the Star in
quired, "Are you responsible for the
article which appeard in the last week's
Press?" Press answered, "I am." j
Whereupon the editor of the Star struck
him a blow on the shoulder with his list,
which was immediately resented on the
part of the editor of the Press by a blow
in the face. The editor of the Star then
struck his opponent on the shoulder
with his walking cane, which was rcsent
,ed by a blow iu the face, as before.
Again did the editor of the Star raise
his cane, but beforeltho blow descended
the Star's editor rolled on the ground,
from which position he arose to renew
the attack. Canes were now out of the
question. ;uid the battle continued in
regular listiculf style, and sparring con
tinued for a while. The parties then
came together, and the representative
i of the Press was tripped. J3oth fell
together, the Star's editor falling on top.
which vantage ground he immediately
made use of, striking two or three blows
on the face of his opponent with a larije
seal rinir. At this juncture the friends
of the Star raised its editor up and pre
vented the parties from again engaging
in the listiculf.?Collctou Press.
Sixty-Eight Bodies Taken From the ltuiii*
?Twenty Deaths From Exposure.
Vienna. April 21.?The condition
of affairs ut Stry among the people Who
lost their homes by the great fire is most
pitiable. Most of the victims are with
out food or means, and arc rendered
desperate by the thought of starvation.
Farmers in the vicinity have been visi
ted by mobs of men, who have first de
manded food, and then, if refused, stole
it. Owners of farms are n3W compelled
to barricade their houses as the only
way to guard them from being plunder
ed of food by the mob, which ou account
of hunger is becoming uncontrollable.
Numerous struggles for food, resulting
iu bloodshed have taken place. All the
public archives and registers of the city
of Stry were lost in the tire. It will be
necessary to ask grants of money from
the Limberg Diet and* the Reichrath to
rcleivc the distress of the thousands of
destitute people.
The search for the remains of persons
who lost their lives during the conflagra
tion has been proceeding as rapidly as
circumstances would allow. Thus far
sixty-eight bodies, charred so as to make
recognition difficult, have been taken j
from the ruins. There have becu twenty
deaths in the lields siucc Sunday of in
valids, young aud old who were taken
out of towu to escape the flames. Over
six hundred houses were destroyed.
The Fatal Wedding Party.
The fatal ending of the wedding party
near Rice Station, Minn., forms one of
the saddest features of the wholesale
destruction of life and property wrought
by the recent cyclone. The party was
assembled at the residence of John
Schutz, a farmer, to celebrate the wed
ding of their daughter. Mamie. The
ceremouy was performed about 1 o'clock
by the Rev. Otistavus Smith. The after
noon was spent iu social enjoyment, and
at 4 o'clock the party gathered about the
wedding feast. It was a happy as
semblage of nearly forty persons, cele
brating the bridal festivities of the
favorite daughter of the house. The
cyclone came, and in the space of live
minutes the house was converted into
kindling wood and scattered all over the
farm. Of the happy party of but a few
minutes before, ten were corpses and
many other , were injured, several of
whom will die. There was not a build
ing left in which the few survivors could
care for those not past help. The bride
groom was killed outright, but'the bride
was only injured. The neighbors who
had escaped the fury of the cyclone
went to the rescue, and the bodies of
the dead were taken to the school house
at Rice Station.
An Editor's Awful Crime.
Birmingham, Ala.. April 22.?
Thomas W. Ellis, a young man about
2.'? years of age. who a mouth ago began
to publish a sensational weekly paper
called The "Hornet" a kind of niinaturc
Pall Mall Gazette, late last night shot
and killed Clara Ross, an inmate of the
house of ill-fame. Ellis hurriedly left
the house aud, proceeding to a hotel
near, be surrendered himself to the
officers, not, however, before be had at
tempted suicide with the pistol placed at
his own head. There were no witnesses
to the affair. The woman was found
locked in a room shot through the head.
Collector Itradley Continued.
Washington, April 21.?Among
the confirmations made by the Senate
to-day was 1). C. Bradley to be Collec
tor of Revenue for South Carolina.
, This case gave rise to considerable
j discussion, Bradley being charged with
j mooushiniug predilections. Edmunds
i is said to have, led the opposition to
I Bradley In person, but he had bceu
I favorably reported by the Finance eom
| mittee and was confirmed by 27 to 1G.
E $1.50 PEI? ANKTM.
An Open Letter from Ex-President Jef
ferson Davis?A Court of Arbitration
Suggested as a Solution of a Diflicult
Galvestox, Tex.. April 24.?The
following letter from Ex-President Jef
ferson Davis, of the Confederate States,
to II. \V. Pope, of Marshal, Texas, in
which Mr. Davis gives his views as to
what legislation might be adopted to
bring about harmony and unity of action
between capihil and labor, lias just been
made public.
Beauvoir, Miss., March 2J. 1886.
The Hon. H. W. Pope?My Dear Sir:
Fully appreciating the compliment con
veyed by your request for my views as
to what legislation might be adopted to
adjust the conflict now going ou between
capital and labor, I "r-grot that the
compliment is so little merited. The
old war between capital aud labor has
called forth the best intellects of Europe.
It has disturbed commerce, overthrown
governments, produced anarchy, and
crept from the wreck without solving
the problem. With us the contest is in
its incipient state and happily it may be
that something can be done to check its
growth. Self interest and free competi
tion 'for labor will, where laborers are
abundant, give to the rich the power to
oppress the poor. Wc cannot legislate
to destroy tiie motive of self-interest, for
that lies at the foundation of progress,
and our efforts must, theretorc, be direc
ted to unifying the interest of labor and
capital as far as this may be done by the
legislatures of the Stales. The present
form or conllict in our country is be
tween associated labor and the organiza
tion employing it. It is not a sullicient
answer to say that the price of labor
has advanced, unless it can be shown
that the profits moved pari passu with
the profits of capital; for in this, as iu
other things of comparative welfare, we
must consider the relative improvement.
The standard of comfort rises propor
tionately to the increase of wealth in the
country. Your idea of a Court of Ar
bitration, I think, luis much to recom
mend it. The organization of such a
Court, so as to secure equally the confi
dence of both the contending parties,
would require both liberality and dis
cretion, should be based on something
like a co-operative principal of industri
al partnership, in which the wages of
employees should be measured by the
profits of the corporation. If iu this
manner a community of interest could
l>e establised, the welfare and content
ment of both would seem to be a possi
ble result.
"With sincere regard and best wishes
for you aud yours, I am your friend,
Jefferson Davis."
The Work of a Fiend,
Atlanta, Ga., April 22.?A wreck
er placed a crosstie ou the track of the
East Tennessee, Virginia aud Georgia
Railroad, near Silver Creek, Tuesday
night, then stepped backiu the dark and
watched an approaching freight train
strike it and roll dowu a ten foot embank
ment. One man was instantly killed
and another fatally injured. The man
who was killed was Thomas Shenan who
! was lircing for his transportation from
j Chattanooga to Atlanta. lie was crush
j ed and cut to pieces. Letters on his
I person show that he was a citizen of
! England. Jack Wright, the engineer,
was so badly injured that he will die.
Mise Wrinkle, tlie regular fireman, was
asleep in the tender. He was not
scratched. The engineer saw the ob
struction just before he struck it, but
was not able to stop the train. The
wrecker has not been captured,
A Fiendish Murder Confessed.
Augusta, April 23.?Preston Valen
tine, colored, who was arrested at Low
moor, Virginia, and brought to Augus
ta, coufessed to the murder of William
Vales before the grand jury to-day.
j Vales was watchman at the depot of the
; Augusta and Suinmerville Railroad,
j Valentine struck him on the head with a
I pick, saturated the body with oil and
tiicd the buildings. After avoiding ar
rest for eighteen months he was finally
captured in Virginia. The murder ex
cited deep indignation, and fears were
entertained that Valentine would be
lynched. The law will take its course.
The object of the murder was robbery.
The Poet Priest Dead.
Louisville, Ky.. April 23.?Father
j Abrain J. Ryyan, the "Poet Priest of
} the South," dieil at the Franciscan Mon
j aster}- at St. Bonifacius in tins city to
| night. He came here a month ago from
J the Catholic institution at Reading,
; near Cincinnati, lie intended to make
his retreat here, and finish "The Life of
; Christ," which he had undertaken. He
j became ill within a week with organic
heart disease and grew steadily worse.
I For several days past his mind wandered
and he has talked pitifully of his cvent
1 in! life in war days and has preached to
j imaginary audiences. Yesterday he
passed inton comatose state, from which
he never roused. _
Insane From Fright,
We learn that Miss Maggie (.'Hue
1 daughter of a respectable citizen, of Ca
I harms county, has become insane, and
efforts are being' made to secure her ad
mittance to an asylum for treatment.
. The case is a sad one. Mr. Cliue owns
a vicious hull, which has the liberty of a
pasture, and a few days since the ynung
lady was going through the pasture,
I when the hull gave her chase and ran
liier across the field. The animal came
' very near overtaking her. and such was
the shock to her nerves experienced by
; fright over the occurrence, that her mind
j gave way. It is hoped that ti.nc and
'good treatment will effect a complete
: restoration of her reason.?Charlotte
j Observer.

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