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TRAVELER'S DESCRIPTION OF HOME
LIFE AMONG THE PEONS.
HowThoir Houssa Are IJuilt?When the
Evening Comes?Diet and Cooking?
Dresi of tho WonieEt?-Apparel of the
Ia the terras calientes (hot lands) the
:h?dren often go naked, and the grown
people wear no more clothing than their
partial civilization demands. The flat
roofed adobe house, tho palm covered
?He hut or cave in the hillside serves all
the purposes of an c.irthly habitation for
those whose lives are passed within them.
But here in tho ccolostpart of the republic
?a mile aud a half above tho level of the
sea?nature hn3 so elevated the country
and lowered the temperature that cloth
ing is a necessity. There is sufficient rain
to penetrate the flat roofs aud drown out
the cave dwellers, hence we find people
living above ground aud under inclined
roofs. Thus they have advanced by tlie
iheer uecessity of their external surrouud
ings: but where nature has not acted with
compulsory furce they still remain in a
londition that is scarcely above that of
the lower animals in some respect.
tue family cikcle.
The houses are built of mud, ctone and
adobe. They have dirt floors and shed
roofs Y*hich are covered with mud mortar
ibout six inches deep. They seldom have
windows or any other provision for light
and ventilation except the door. We often
find a large family living In one of these
.-ooms. When the evening cornea a family
;ircle is formed around a few ancient
?arthen mugs and jars which are set on
die dirt floor; from these th y r:ike their
scant and simple r. ??." :? which a
round of cigaretts ar- smoked, the ih>:r
is barred, the flickering taiiow cundie is
lown out, and while the unsavory fumes
of the smoking wick is pcrmentinc the
sntire room the last one retires to rest in
this dunueon home, a home then darker:
than the blackest night, as unsavory as
:he dungeon of the doomed, and almost as
sickly and deadly as the olack-holeof Cal
We see these creatures on tbtir knees
Rvery day and with outstretched arms
they bomoan their lot and beg of God in
his mercy to grant them more blejgtngs,
after which they employ what littteBnen I
tal and physical force they possess In re
jecting these which have already been
granted. "What fools these mortals be."
Their diet consists of the various fruits
of the tropic, with goat's meat, goat' milk
and tortillas (corn takes; made of salt aud ,
water. The meal is ground by hand be
tween stones similar to those used by the
ancients. In place of stoves aud iron
cooking utensils, they use elevated fire'
places and earthen jars, which are placed
over charcoal fires. The kuowledge of
cooking among all classes of women is
as meager as the moaus used, hence the
breakfast biscuit, white loaf bread, pies,
preserves and puddings of the United
States are never sec-n in Mexico.
dj:ess ok women.
The women wear shawls over their heads ;
in place of hats and bonnets and the fash
Ion never changes. Their feet are small
and they wear tight shoes with very high
heels. Among the lower class plain-cut,
bright-red dresses are often worn, but j
among the higher classes a combination of
bright colors is prefered.
The men of every class have a passionate l
fondness for dressed sheep, goat, or deer
skin suits. These are often fringed,
painted and embroidered with sUver. The j
pantaloons are often striped down the !
side with rows of buttons and buckles and !
the wide-brimmed sombrero is often
adorned with silver stars, tassels and a
few rounds of heavy silver cord around
the crown. The peons wear very low
crownod, wide-brimmed straw hate, and
in place of coats they wear heavy woolen
blankets winter and summer. Though I
am now in the torrid zone and to-day is
July l^th, yet I sea the natives passing or i
sunning themselves with their blankets
wound around them up to the nose. Moth
ers arc passing with their babies wrapped
up out of sight and the men use sandals
in place of shoes or boots. A few are
dressed as we find them in the United
States. Thus it is the old and the new,
? the high and tho low are all seen at one
view.?Zaeutecas Cor. Detroit Free Press.
An Afternoon at Cold Harbor.
Then as the day word away and the j
troops were weil iu hand again, I saw
staff officers ride along the lines, which
were generally under tae shelter of crests
of hills, and then I sa w the regimental
Commanders getting their men into line, j
About -1 o'clock iu the afternoon I heard :
the charging commands given. With i
many an oath at the military stupidity :
which would again send good troops to ?
useless slaughter. I sprang to my feet and
watched the doomed infantry. Men whom
I knew well .-tin .1 ride ia hand not more
than thirty feet from me, and 1 am happy
to state that they continued to stand. Sob
a man sin'ivd from his place. The army <
to a man refused t > ol ey the order, pre
BUinably from Gen. ';:,,!:;t. to renew the j
assault. I heard, the foolish and wicked I
order given and I saw it disobeyed. Many ;
of the enlisted men had been up to mid
over the Confederate works. They had i
seen their strength. Graut, Meade, Hau- j
cock, Warren. Wright, Burnside, none of j
them had been near the works. And if 1
they did not know that they could not:
be taken by direct assault the enlisted
men did know it. and they refused to j
make a second attempt. That night we I
began to entrench, liy daylight we had
our earthworks finished and were safe.?
Frank Wilkinson in Chicago Times.
Sobering OlY Drunken Men.
Passing by a Turkish bath-ruom at a
late hour the other night J noticed two
half-drunken men going in to take baths. |
Returning the same way sometimes later
[ saw these two men vomlng out appar
ently sober ami fresh lookim.*. Having
my cur: >sity arodsH, I accosted the pro
prietor as*o what he had done lor them.
He said: "We gave them oaths and rubbed
them down in the regular way. It sobers
a man up and puts/(htm iu a condition to
go home to his family without giving him- j
self away as having made a night of it. I '
make a specialty of this thing, and keep
open all night. 1 usually treat about
twelve or fifteen siioh me'fr"every night."?
Cor. New York News.
He J>l50v.-ii*rt tho Cout.
'l iiere is a portrait >f a famous man in
the Academy this year, the work of a well
known R. A., and it has been subjected lo
a peculiar criticism. Among the visitors
one day was the artist who has the privi
lege of making the clothes worn by the
snbiect of the portrait. He gazed on the
work and admired the likeness: then, turn
ing to a friend, he remarked with evident
emotion, "But, Great Scott, I never made
iiiat coat!"-tParis American Register.
The ZJves of Jfowsgirls.
i Little has been done or can be said In
j newspaper columns concerning the life of
j newsglrls. For few of them can the same
j excuse be offered as for the boys, that it
[ is the legitimate and only occupation by
which they must earn their bread. It is
I not believed that there is one of them
'?. who has not a home and some person who
should keep her off the streets. Some of
them, however, are wayward naturally,
or have been made so.by evil associations
in their extreme youth, while others?and
the greatest number, it is to bo feared
are knowingly seat out to the life of de
; nioralization and vie? that is inevitable
i by the very persons who should most
; carefully have guarded them from such a
fate. There are, of course, some few ex
I ceptionin the cases of girls who go out to
sell papers with their mothers who have
established stands, and though forced by
; poverty to employ their children's aid id
J the battle of life, strive in so doing to
shield them from evil by keeping them as
I closely as possible to the maternal apron
?trings. Even then, it is rare that their
? daughters escape contamination from the
thoroughly corrupt girls of their own age
with whom they are brought in contact
The great body of the newsgirls run
1 ningwild on the street have acquired a
knowledge of and proficiency in vice be
fore they have grown old enough to rec
ognize its degradation and the inevitable
ruinous consequences. Thfl older ones
educate the younger in vice; the youngest
strive to emulate in all of which they
should be innocent. A large proportion
of them are Italians, and many are very*
pretty while they are very young. In fact,
a newsgirl has little hope of success if she
is not pretty and soon finds herself forced
out of competition to other walks in life
where good looks are not so essential.?
New York Sun.
Starvation In Egypt.
A fellow-mania makes us wondrous
kind, and the chief creditor of the castle
building crank of Hohenschwangau now
turns out to be the castle-building ex
khedive. During the fourteen years of
his administration the viceroy of Egypt
built away some 200,000,000 francs, wrung
from the life-blood of starving toilers.
Nine-tenths of the population of Egypt'
are, in the most liberal sense, subsisting
upon the bare necessities of the vital pro
cess; a little rice, a little durrha corn,
baked into hard cakes, and washed down
?vith a draught of ditch- water. Professor
Exlinger, on his recent survey of The
baid, was for miles followed by a barefoot
boy, who every now and then approached
the wagon and watched the workings of
the instrument with haggard eyes.
Ascribing his persistence to an impulse
uf scientific curiosity, the professor asked
his dragoman to hand him a telescope aud
invite him to take a peep at the distant
mountains. "He's after something eis.?,
I guess," laughed the interpreter, and a
short conversation sufficed to confirm
that theory. "There is some corn spilt in
your wagon," said the dragoman, "and
this youngster asks your permission to
eat a handful of it." The corn?hard,
dry, maize corn?was swiftly absorbed by
the youthful son of the desert, who, with
the same promptitude, devoured a quart
of dried fruit and a lot of fluid butter, but
took to his heels like a deer when the
dragoman handed him a paper full ol
mustard pickles and yelled at him for
dropping them after the first bite.?Dr.
Felix L. Oswald.
Advautage of Color Blindness.
It might surprise you to know that oc
casionally total color blindness has proven
a decided advantage. AU colors appear
ing to such an one as shades of gray, or
black, or white. An engraver thus af
fected would possess a keener ability to
discern fine lines. A clerk in a mourning
goods department of a large dry goods
store received extra compensation for his
acute eye for shades when It was found to
depend on total color blindness. Such
cases are "exceptional as can be imagiued
when railroad men are discharged for in
ability to distinguish a red from a green
lantern. Postofiice clerks have run short
in their cash accounts throu^-1 selling
stamps of the wrong denomination, the
differently colored sheet3 getting into
the wrong drawers.?Lithographer and j
Views of the City.
A standard business in every large city
now Is the sale of photographic albums of
the principal buildings, parks and public
resorts of the city. For many years this
business was confined to European cities.
Gradually tbo album came in vogue in
New York, and Washington city; but now
the perfection to which photo-lithographs
have been reduced makes their publica
tion a matter of such slight cost, that
e very city has its publications of views,
and few travelers pass through a city ol
my note without possesing themselves of
one of these cheap and interesting souv
enirs of the visit. Formerly such an al
bum of St. Louis views as now sells for
?? cents would have been cheap at 65.?
"G. C." in Globe-Democrat.
Fallare of the Phonograph.
Phonographs have never become more
than a toy. although great things were
predicted of it. Edison did nothing more
with it and turned ins attention to th')
more profitable work of perfecting the
system of incandescent lighting that has
since been such a success. The trouble
with the phonograph was that the tin
foil was not soft enough to take the im
pression of the sound-waves deep enough
tu make the machinery tnlk loudly when
its time came to taik. In fact the phono
graph was a very good listener, but a poor
repeater of conversations. What a pitj I
it is that humanity i- not built more on
the basis of the phonograph.?Detroit Frei:
Wages of an Organ tat.
The Iloston Post says that ti salary of
$350 n year is deemed an .-'.tuple return in
one of the richest churches in Boston for
the services of an organist of the very
first grade. It also says that recently one
of the foremost organists in America was
offered $600 a year to play the organ in a
rich New York church, and he replied
that, while he could earn as much as that
driving a street car, he would not degrade
his calling by accepting the offer.?Ex
Freezing Necessary tc Germination.
A number of European botanists have
had reason to believe that t he seeds of
many New Zealand plants will not ger
minate readily until after they have been
frozen. The same curious observation has
been made in relation to the Himalayan
Knows All About Them.
The editor of a morning paper knows
all about the nights of labor.?Boston
Vermont proposes to establish a stata
institution for the criminally insane.
:r jj^ant Liar
i tm inguce
"W'y bow yer do^Nai^yr^iu^Pnester,
addressing old Sanderson'* danght??.'
"Didn't yer git married last SadOTftaghtr
"No; tho woddin' dat come off ?mi't take
P "Whafo' didn't it, gal?*'
"Well case der warn't but thirteen present,"
"All foolishness. You oughtenter b'lcbe in
no sieh foolish 'spicion ez dat. I 'clar ter
goodness, yer makes me ershanied o1 yei",
putthi' offer weddiu' jes" bekasc der jyuit bat
thirteen dar. W'y n't yer sen1 out i
de to'teenf pusson ter come?j'
'?Well, daddy did go out an' bej
'?Well, w'y n't yer go ahead an' let him
'?'Case de fo'teenf man waz do
had promised ter marry me.
Aunt Carisy, thirteen is bad
Nevor Snub a Newspaper Chap.
A good-natured newspaper chap was. at a
rustic picnic and rashly spo.'ce to a young ,
lady without the formality of an intiwluc- I
tion. He happened to see a groat fat cater- -
pillar crawling on her lace collar, and jump
ing toward her said:
"Madam, permit me to-"
But the young lady waved him off with an
imperious and insulting gesture and said: !
"How dare you speak to me without an in- 1
trotluction. You aro certainly no gentleman, 1
Here tho caterpillar overbalanced itself
and fell down her neck.
"Touch! Oh! Help! Take'it off. Ob,1
please do take it off, somebody!" screamed |
tho fair one. The newspaper *man was tho j
only "somebody" around and ho said: "I I
couldn't think of it, madam; I haven't been.!
introduced to the caterpillar."?Chicago Tri- j
Where the Czar Wouldn't nico to LIto. j
"Ya-iliovitch."' said the czar cf Russia to a j
servant the other morning, "have you looked |
under the carpet for nitroglycerine and ox- ]
amincd the hair brush for dynamite bombs
and tested the coffee for strychnine and mndo
the cook eat part of the rolls mid looked down
collar for barrels of gunpowder and sent
orders for all the suspicious persons arrested
around the palace last night to be hungP j
"Yes, most noble sire!" answered the attend
ant. "Then help me on with my woven steel
link ulster and call the police to escort mo
across the hall to the dining room. There is
not much enjoyment in this kind of life but
I thank heaven even- day now that I don't .
live in Chicago."?JJsteliino (D. T.) Bell
Killed iu Time.
A husband who had been out. shooting, but
who had not been successful, rather than re- 1
turn home empty-handed stepped into a shop
and purchased a hare. "There, my ducky,"
be said to his wife on reaching home, "you
see I am not so awkward with tho gun after
all." "Let me see." "Isn't ho lino follow!"
"My dear," said the wife, ns she carried tho
animal to her nostrils, and put it down with
a grimace, "you wore quite right in killing
him to-day; to-morrow it would have been
too late."?French Joke.
The Darwinian Theory Illustrated.
KVOI.UTIOX OK THE CAT.
Some skilled nat uralist may 1? able to ex
plain how a little inch-nnd-a-half canary bird
can moult a full half bushel of feathers all
over the dining room carpet every morning,
but we confess it beats us.?Somciwille Jour
A child wns shown the picture of a red man
of the forest in puris naturalibus. "I thought,
mamma, that savages wore feathers." "So
they do, my darling." "Well, but this oner
"Oh, he's moulting."?Tld Bits.
The many friends of the late Profpssnr
Archimedes will be surprised to learn from
The Buffalo News Hint it was the deceased
Sigmar Calileo who had the earth and a
lever, and stood in need of a fulcrum.?-Buffalo
A Chicago minister preached last Sunday
on -T.'hat Can 1 Do to lie Saved.'" It would
seem that, about the fust move would ts? to
get out of Chicago.? Estellinu (I). T.) Uell.
A tramp who was mending his clothes re
marked t" a !?asser-by that he wns obliged to
spend a great deal of time in looking after
his rents.?Mcifhaiit Traveler.
The Bibl'S printed in Chicago have three
blank iHiges for divorces ami as many for
elopements. The blank |?ages are so arranged
that the newspaper articles on the family
topics can be pasted in by the column.?Texas
??Mercy on me, Mary, where have youlieenf
The back of your dress is covered with dust.
You have not been sitting on tin. from steps,
I hope.'" "No, ma, 1 couldn't get the piano
stool high enough so 1 put the big Bible on
it."?Top. ka Lance.
Wood pulp is now used for tho manufacture
of hat-. When the wooden hat eomc3into
general use it will Ijc diaVnh for some men
to mark th'-distinguishing line between the
hat and the head.?Elmira Advertiser.
Counsel for defense?Gentlemen of the
jury, if ever there was a case which, more
than any other case, challenged careful com
parison with similar cases, this case is that
ease.? Fliegend? lilaotter.
One way to settle the fishery difficulties:
Let Detroit's baseball team go over to Canada
and play three ^Mino.; with any Canada club,
the l>est two out of three to take the lish?and
the cake.?Detroit Free Press.
Hardly anybody wculd care to change
places with the turtle, ami yet he has a great
snap.?New Haven News.
A Sunday school teacher in Litchfield told
his infants to ask any questions they had in
their minds, and a little one asked, "When is
the circus coining?"?Christian at Work.
1 1IEODORE JQlOHN
IS NOW OFFERING UNUSUAL AT
TRACTIONS AND GENUINE
BARGAINS FOR SPRING
AND SUMMER WEAR,
DRESS AND WHITE GOODS.
We display a grand collection of New
and Seasonable Styles at prices lower than
in very large variety, and unequalled bar
gains are guaranteed.
in all the newest designs at prices that defy
In all the latest Styles, at lowest price:
In White, Red, Check and Fancies at very
window CURTAINS, lace cur
tains, rugs, &c,
in large assortments
? ? - -
Call, and sec pur large new stock, i
The prices nie light and we solicit your
patronage. , .
C. MAYHKW. .T. If. MAYHKW.
C. Mayhew & Son,
COLUMBIA, S. C.
COLUMBIA MARBEL WORKS.
.Manufacturersof*and Dealers in
A'l Kinds of I
AMERICAN AND ITALIAN
Mantels, Monuments and Tablets!
furnished to any design
at Lowest Prices.
Polished Granite Work, either X:i
live <>r Foreign, to order.
Building Stone of all kind furnished.
Correspondence solicited with those
in want of any work in the above lino.
.Tan 7-1 yr.
poll THE CONVENIAXCE OF
I Farmeis and Mill Men, we have open
ed a KKI'AIK AND SUPPLY MIOF on
Mr. 11. Kiggs' corner, ami will be prepared
to do all necessary ENGINE AND CIN
UEPA1K1NG with promptness, giiarauhv
iny satisfaction in every instance.
In connection with our Shoo we are
Agents for the sale of The Talhotl Engine,
Saw ami Grist Mills. Also ihe best Cotton
Gins. Condciiceis and Self Freders. The
Ilaudcock Inspirator, K?rting Universal
Injector, the hesl Roller feed in Ihe market,
Yamlu/.en Jel Pump, for lining water
out of wells of anv depth.
We will keep' on hand a full linp of
IJKASS FITTINGS, STEAM AND WA
TER G PACKS. STEAM AND GAS
PIPING. ELBOWS. NIPPLKS. Ac.
PACKING. LFBK1CAT1NG AND CY
LINDER OII.S, and in fact everything to
lir up your Machinery. Orders for Pul
leys and Shafting lilted at lowest prices.
We would respectfully solicit the patronage
of the people of Orangebuig ami surround
L W. FOOSEE & CO.
HAVING RESUMED THE TAX
niug Business near Orangeburg I am
now prepared to Tan and Dress all kinds
ol Hides on halves. In front of Or Mur
rav's Residence. WM. PRUSNER.
A Terrorizing- Fall.
The Crash Still Coin? on.
Tfte Interest of tke People at Stale.
Protect yourself by stepping into the
NEW YOKE STORE and see the terror
izing fall in
Dry Goods, ClotMt Sloes, &c.
The crash in the market must continue
as long as I intend being the
Leader of Low Prices.
And I propose to hold to my everlasting
"Sell Cheap and Lead the Market,"
As I always did.
Your interest at stake by calling on me
My efforts and success was greater this
season in niy selections to please every cus
tomer and I am confident that I can suit
any and everybody in quality, style and
Dress Goods and Silks
in endless variety.
Boots, Shoes and Hats
to surpass anything known before.
To top any market. AI! I ask i- a call and
judge foi yourself.
Itemcmbci 1 can satisfy the hardest cus
tom.-r Hvili'.'. tiir e|o-e>; bluer in i-\Me!ice
ami IhenioM fastidious in taste. I am pre
pared, willing ami determined to lead the
market and shall certainly do so a- long as
low and sacrificing prices can effect i;.
Everybody come and see?the old stand
New York Store.
D. EPSTIN, Proprietor,
Orangeburg, S. C.
Watchmaker ai? Jet eller,
Under Times and Democr at Office,
Keeps on hand a fine Stock of
Gold and Silver Watches,
Gold and Silver
Headed Canes, etc.
Also, Musical Instruments, such as
' Banjos and Guitars,
. Ami all other goods in this line.
23?" A large assortment of is carat Plain
Countings always in stock.
""Good warranted, and prices low.
FOUND AT LAST.
A Preparation that will positively cure
that most distressing malady NEURALGIA.
"CRUM'S NEURALGIA CURE"
FOR EXTERNAL USE ONLY
This is not a cure all hut a Reinedy, as
its name indicates, for the cure of Neural
gia in its mildest, as well as its severest
form. It will also relieve Toothache, Head
ache from cold and nervous headache, and
bites and stings of insects.
This preparation has never been known
to fail in curing Neuralgia, where the
directions have been faithfully followed;
having been used by Lr. Cram in his prac
tice of Dentistry for several vears. For
sale by DIL .1. G. WANNAMAKE1L
IN MEDIC'INK QUALITY
is OF the
Pure Drugs and Medicines care
I fiuly prepared by experienced hands
at Du. J. G. Wanxamaker's Drug
I HORSE AND CATiLr. POWDERS
JrnurTV ?*S-*X^^fi FOUTzl
No lior.rk will illc ol Colic. I tore <-.:? Lcxn Tk
! VKi:. If Fmitz'? Powders arc iuhhI In time.
Kmirz's Powder* will mire und prevent llcxi CnoUCRA.
P?nal Powder* will prevent GaI'm in Fowls.
Fonts'* PowiIitk will lnrrca-e the nnnntlry of milk
anil croam twenty per cent., nnd make Iii? Imttcrfirin
Foitt7."s Powder* will cure or prevent almost nvt:r.T
DtmtASK to which Horses anil t attle arc subject.
Foutz's I'owni:r.? wn.i. fiivK Satisfaction.
DAVID E. FOUTZ, Proprietor.
For sale by DR. J. G. WANNAMAK
I. S. Harley,
Kussel Street, Next to Tent,
Orangeburg, S. C,
T\niFKE you will lind always on
TT band, a flnfl line of SEGARS and
TOPACCOS of all grades, GROCERIES,
DRY GOODS, and GENERAL MER
chandise, at lowest cash prices.
"Remember well, and bear in mind,
To save two nickels, will make a dime."
INSURE YOUR PROPERTY
KIRK ROBINSON, AGIiNT.
COMPANIES ALL FIST-CLASS AND
LOSSES PROMPTLY ADJUSTED AND
COLLECTIONS PROMPTLY ATTEND
1 am Mill selling Prick, Lime, Laths,
Hair ami other Pudding .Material.
I am now prepared to furnish Coal and
Wood in any quantity. All orders left
with me shall have prompt attention. No
dravage charged. Give me a trial.
J?ly im- KIRK ROP1NSON
Tan Oil's Plotopi Gallery
OVER P. P. OWEN'S, liiissell Street,
< Irauueburg, >. I'.
To the Pinsi.it : I have opened a first
class Photo Oallfiy. 1 would lie pleased tu
have simples of work examined at < iallery.
All werk stricklyIirst-class.
I'lioJo-; of Groups and Paliies a specialit)
by in>t;uit method. All Vewiitg Exteriors,
Dwellings, lloises. Dogs and Animal?
taken at short notice by instant method.
(lid pictures copled'auil enlarged. Special
attention given to this branch of work.
Picture- finished in water colors, India Ink
and Crayon. Also Photo taken from the
size of smallest pocket to full life 3x5 feet
All work done with neatness and dispatch.
Vewing any where \v the state, special
discounts oil all orders over?10.U0. Give
me a call, I will assuresatislaction. All
work CASH ON DELIVERY. Postively
no credit. VAN ORSDELL, Artist,
July 17 Kussel I Street. Orangeburg, S. C.
We.vleynn Female Institute,
OPENS SEPTEM HER 22d, IS8C.
One of the llrst schools for young
Ladies in tin- Union. All Departments
thorough. Dutldiiigs elegant. Steam heat.
(Jas light. Situation beautiful. Climate
Splendid. Pupils from nineteen States.
All important advantages in one greitly
reduced charge. Board, Washing, Lights,
Engiish, Latin, French, German, Music,
for Scholastic year, from September to .hine,
8200. No Extras. For Catalogue, write to
REV. \VM. A. HARP IS, D. D., President
July s-:3mo. Staunton, Virgin! .