OCR Interpretation

The times and democrat. (Orangeburg, S.C.) 1881-current, December 30, 1911, Image 1

Image and text provided by University of South Carolina; Columbia, SC

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86063756/1911-12-30/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

Racnred That SoTensr Blease Will
Give His Place to A. D. flsdsso.
Be Has Mode a Splendid Commission
er of Agriculture, rmd Has Done
Mach Good Work for the Farmers
of the State, But He is Not a BT," ~Z
The State says for -weeks there
have been persistent rumors regard
ing changes contemplated in the State
department of agriculture. These re
ports have caiused much comment
throughout the State because of the
great interest the public takeB in the
work that has ,been accomplished by
the department of agriculture under
Commissioner Watson.
One rumor is that E. J. Watson is
to be displaced when his t?rm ex
pires in March. His place, offered to |
one or two others before, is now of
fered to A. D. Hudson of Newborry.
Of all the departments o' the State
government there is more patronage
attached to the office of the depart
ment of agriculture than any other.
The State department of agriculture
is constituted as follows and receives
the following appropriations:
Direct appropriation about $19,
About $20,000 is received from the
feed stuffs stamps. This work em
ploys about ten men, including in
spectors and chemists.
The legislature appropriates $10,
000 for the United States farm dem
onstration work and an additional ap
propriation of $25,000 Is received
from the national department of agri
culture. The State aid is included in
the direct appropriation.
There are employed in this feature
of the work a State agent, two dis
trict agents and more than 40 county
agents. The county agents come un
der the direct supervision of the State
agent and also come in direct contact
with more people in the State than
any other class of representatives of
the State department.
There is also an appropriation of
$3,080 for corn breeding work, which|
is expended under the direct super-1
vision of the commissioner of agrl
? culture and two other members of a
commission provided by the act.
During the past several weeks Com
missioner Watson has been very ac
tive in his work to help the farmers
? of the State and j he South to devise
some plan or means whereby the sit
uation with reference to low priced
cotton might be relieved. Early in
the fall he attended a meeting of the
cotton growers and business men In
Montgomery, Ala., and was elected
president of the Southern Cotton con
The election to this position de
volved upon him the leadership in
the fight for a higher price for cotton.
Later acting bb thB agent for the
farmers of the State and South, he
attended a conference In New York,
when a loan of $50,000,000 was prof
fered on the cotton crop in the South
by a syndicate of New York .bankers.
The proposition met with some ad
verse criticism at the time and has
never been worked out.
Several weeks ago Commissioner
Watson, as president of the Southern
Cotton congress, and not as the com
missioner of agriculture of South
Carolina, issued a call for the presi
dents of the Farmers' Union anc the
representatives of the governors, tak
ing part in the New Orleans cotton
conference, constituting the executive
committee ,to meet in New Orleans
on December 18'to discuss plans for
a reduction of tho cotton acreage.
It was the intention of Commis
sioner Watson to attend the meeting
of the committee. Just before Com
missioner Watson was to depart from
the State a letter, it is reported, was
sent him by the governsr informing
him that the position of commissioner
of agriculture, commerce and indus
tries would be declared vacant should
he (Commissioner Watson) attend
the conference. The governor further
stated in the latter that Mr. Watson
must ask permission to leave the
State in the future or leave without
his position.
1 To get back to the tangle in con
nection with the farm demonstration
work this much is certain:
The next State faim demonstration
ageat must be acceptable to C. L.
Blease, governor of South Carolina.
If the next farm demonstration agent
is not acceptable to the governor of
South Carolina, then the governor
will use his veto power and cut off
the State-aid appropriation of $10,
Let it be remembered here that the
national government gives $25,000 to
assist in the work. This means that
the State farm demonstration agent,
who has charge of the expenditure of
$25,000, must be acceptable to the
governor of South Carolina.
Why the antagonism of the gov
ernor against Ira W. Williams?
It Is a long s*ory and started nearly
a year ago, just after the governor
was inducted into office.
The ways and means committee of
the house, of which Lowndes J.
Browning is chairman, finished con
sideration of the appropriation bill In
a remarkably short time. Included
among the various items was tho one
giving $5,000 to the South Carolina
Corn Breeders' association, for com
Nor is Ira W. Williams Transfer to
Georgia Due to Feeling Between
Himself, the State's Executive.
When asked while at Newberry on
Thursday as to the report that Ira
W. Williams, of the Government farm
demonstration work, has been trans
ferred from this State to Georgia,
Sal/ey 7- \?f opposition to
AU? iShat Commission
er v^tsoYTs^Tcr do unplaced when his
term expires, and that Mr. Watson's
place had been offered to A. D. Hud
son, of Newberry, Governor Blease
"I have seen the article in to-day
Columbia State, to which I suppose
you refer, I was informed some time
since that Ira. W. Williams was to
be tranuferrod from this State. To
what point I do not know. Mr. Wil
liams supported me in the sampaign
o? 1910, so I have been reliably in
formed, and he and I are the best of
friends, and I am &orry that he Is go
ing to leave this State. The state
ment that he and I are at enmity, 1
or that he-is leaving on account of
any feeling between himself and my
self, ia absolutely and unqualifiedly
false. I would be glad if Mr. Wil
liams would stay in the ?tatc, and if
he will stay I will ask the Legislature
to keep up the appropriation for his
department and do next year, as I
hare done this year, all In my power
to assist him in his demonstration
"I have never offered Mr. Wat
son's position to anybody, but merely
stated on one occasion to John Fich
ards that I was sorry he accepted the
railroad commission position, because
I expected to appoint him commis
sioner of agriculture, and tho report
that I have offered Mr. Watson's
position to one or two others is abso
lutely false. \
"As to Mr. Hudson, he told me em
phatically on two occasions that he
did not want Watson's position. I
am informed, however, that he would
accept the position held by Williams.
"As to the letter to Commissioner
Watson, I wrote him that my under
Standing was that ho was appointed
commissioner ci agriculture for South
Carolina, and not the United States,
and that if he left the State again
without my petmission I would de
clare his office vacant and put some
one in it who would stay at home
and attend to it. I meant that and
shall carry it out to the letter. Cop
ies of my letter and his reply are one
file in my office, to which the news
papers are welcome, as there are no
secrets in the Governor's office. Ev
erything that is done there is open
and above board, i3 placed on the
public files, there are no secrets from
the newspapers.
"As to the next State farm demon
stration agent being acceptable to
the.Governor, as I understand this, it
I? a matter in the hands of the Unit
ed States department, with which I
hare nothing to do. I know nothing
of Mr. Baker'B candidacy for the posi
tion. I shall uphold ti:e department
of agriculture and the farm demon
stration work, and do everything
within my power to make it a suc
cess. And if I had been consulted
this year in regard to the depart
ments, 1 think I could have given
some very valuable suggestions, and
possibly saved some people from put
ting tb-inselves in very awkward po
sitions. But as I have not been con
sulted in regard to any matter, I am
in no manner, shape or form respon
sible for the turn affairs have taken.
"When Mr. Watson's term expires,
it will be time enough for me to con
sider whether I shall reappoint him
or give the position to someone else.
I understand that the Constitution
forbids life tenure of office, and I do
not presume there is any exception
made in the case of the comrnission
ci of agriculturo."
breeding work in this State and for
the corn exposition. When the meas
ure came before the committee for
final consideration, A. D. Hudson,
with others associated with the expo
sition, was out of the State. Members
of the ways and means committee
were averse in their opinions to the
appropriation, contending that no
material results had been obtained.
Ira W. Williams, being an expert ag
riculturist, was called in by members
of the committee and as an official of
the federal department of agriculture,
'was asked to give his opinion as to
the results secured from the corn ex
position and the Corn Breeders' as
sociation. He gave his opinion, the
exact nature of which is not. known.
Following this conference the com
mittee cut out the appropriation for
corn breeding work. Just before the
final adoption and when the measure
was before the finance committee of
the senate, an appropriation of $3,
000 was inserted.
During the latter part of the last
session of the legislature it was
rumored that Mr. Williams would be
removed from Sontli Carolina, and it
was reported that Dr. Knapp was
about to take this action on represen
tations made by him by Gov. Blease.
The governor, it is said, refused to
consent to the appropriation of $10,
000 for the farm demonstration work
unless this was done. Later, howev
er, Mr. Blease withdrew his objec
tion and consented to the retainment
of Mr. WilliaraB hero. It is known
that, meantime, Ira W. Williams,
together with several friends, ex
Newberry Man Denies That He Has
Been Offered Position of Commis
sioner of Agriculture.
A. D. Hudson of Newberry Thurs
day made the following statement to
The State over the telephone from
his home:
"My attention has been called to
the article in The State of this morn
ing. I have had only one conversa
tion on the matter with Gov. Blease,
and that was during the corn exposi
tion. The only allusion he mads to
the department of agriculture was
that the department was a farco as
now operated, and he lnteneded veto
ing the appropriation for 1912, un
less he had some assurance of Its do
ing some good for the farmers. Noth
ing was said about offering me the
position. I am in no sense a candi
date for the place.
"The suggestion that I was con
nected with Mr. Williams' removal
is not true. When I found that Wil
liams had gone before the ways andi
means committee (and, I was reliably j
Informed, without invitation) andi
opposed the appropriation for the
corn exposition, I took the matter
up with Dr. Knapp and requested
that Mr. Williams bo required to at
tend to his own affairs. I was sure
there was room for us all to work for
the betterment of agriculture in this
State, and I have neither the desire
nor the Inclination to bring about
his removal.
"The party that furnished! you this
story knew the facto but deliberately
distorted them. This same party did
seek to secure Williams' removal, but
rumor had It that Williams had a
great deal of influence with Gov.
Blease. Then came his usual change
of front and ever after he has been
an ardent supporter of Mr. Williams.
It does not take a very brilliant mind
to understand why.
I am not in any sense an appli
cant for the position of commissioner
of agriculture or for Mr. Williams'
position. Alex D. Hudson.
Roosevelt President for Life, if Elect
ed Says Watterso^. . .
"If Roosevelt Is rut in the White
House in 1912, we will never get him
out again except feet first." This was
the statement at Atlanta Monday of
Col. Henry Wattorson, editor of the
Louisville Courier-Journal, in com
menting on the Republican situation
throughout the country. Mr. Watter
son expressed the belief that the long
looked for change of parties was at
hand but he has not declared his
choice for the Democratic nomina
tion. Col. Watterson declared that,
lu his opinion, the Republicans could
not elect either Roosevelt or Taft ana
said the election of the former Presi
dent, abrogating the third term tra
dition, would be a step toward ab
Results of Fighting at Tabriz.?
Cause of Trouble.
A telegram from Tabriz says that
the total loss of the Russians, killed
and severely wounded in the recent
fighting there, is atout one hundred.
Several bodies of Russian soldiers
have been found partly burned. The
director of the Persian department f
the Russian foreign office, in an ia
terview Tuesday, said that the Gov
ernment was convinced that the Per
sian Government was not concerned
in the Anti-Russian outbreak at Ta
briz or elsewhere. Those responsible
were principally Armenians and crim
Killing and Robbing of Tampa
Watchman Baffles Police.
At Tampa Florida with both of his
eyes battered out and his skull brok
en by thugs who assaulted and
robbed him, L. P. Cutting, a night
watchman at the Tampa Steam Ways
died in the Gordon Keller .Memorial
Hospital Sunday, following a trephl
nal operation. He never regained
consciousness to tell who his r.ssail
ants were and tho police have no
clue. A niece of the deceased, on
her way from Lexington, N. C, did
not arrive In time to find her relatire
plained to the governor that he had
not mixed In politics and that he had
never waged a campaign against the
governor. The appropriation of $10,
000 for the demonstration work went
through and nothing more was heard
about tho removal of Williams until
a few days ago.
It is said that U L. Baker of Bish
opville, a district agent of the work,
is spoken of for the position of State
The State agent is appointed by Dr.
Bradford Knapp on the decommenda
tion of the commissioner of agricul
ture. The State agent has the ap
pointment of 40 or 50 subordinate
workers throughout South Carolina.
That is an explanation of the interest
of the governor in an election year of
having the department operated to
suit him.
Big Easiness ?ad the Trusts Usisg die
FaTor?e S)B Dadge in
To Prevent the New Jersey Governor
From Getting Votes Enough In tee
Democratic National Convention to
Nominate Him, and Thus Force in
Their Candidate.
A Washington dispatch says fav
orite son candidates for the presiden
cy are among the devices being used
by Big Business and the Tariff Fed
Trusts to obtain control of the Dem
ocratic National Convention. The
situation is illustrated by tho recent
angry passage between Speaker
Champ Clark of Missouri and Ex
Gov. Joseph W. Folk of the same
State, each of whom is playing for
the vote of tho Missouri delegation.
A few days ago the Washington
correspondent of the Kansas City Star
sent to his paper a story that Clark
was being used as a stalking horse
for a candidate who would be satis
factory to big business. This state
ment angered the speaker. He wired
the Kansas City paper that the as
sertion was untrue. The speaker's
denial of the story led ex-Governorn
Folk, who was in the East at the
time, to send a telegram to the Kan
sas City paper in which he said:
"Replying to your telegram, I in
fer iMr. C'ark denied that the Har
mon force3 In St. Louis are boosting
him. That practically all of them are
doing bo and that many of these so
called friends of Mr. Clark have a
first choice in Governor Harmon aud
are u:dng the speaker's name as a
means to a reactionary candidate can
not be truthfully denied. Mr. Clark,
perhaps, should not be judged too
harshly for his intemperate la'^uage.
He may not know the truth."
The Clark statement also drew out
an expression from Lon Sanders,
president of the Missouri Democratic
league as follows:
"Mr. Clark cannoi shift attention
from tho truth by an intemperate de
nunciation of the Washington dia- ;
patch to the Kansas City Star. That
the reactionary forces are boosting
Clark against Folk -no one faniiliaT
with the situation can doubt. The
agents of special interests are all for
Clark as against Folk In St. Louis.
If by chance these men should control
the delegation to the national conven
tion it is fair to assume it would be
voted for Harmon when Clark is out
of the way. Mr. Clark denies that his
friends have a second choice. He
shows a remarkable insight into the
intentions of his friends, especially
in view of the fact that he denieB
all knowledge of headquarters being
opened in St. Louis and claims to be
ignorant of what his friends are do
The talk among well-informed
Democrats in Washington for some
time has been that there Is a well
developed plan to prevent, If possible,
the nomination of Woodrow Wilson
by bringing Into the field numerous
favorite son candidates, whoso sup
porters at the proper time will go to
a candidate that will be satisfactory
to the conservative wing of the party.
Everybody realizes that as the situ
ation presents itself today the race is
between Governor Harmon of Ohio
and Governor Wilson of New Jersey.
The favorite son candidates already
in the field are Champ Clark and
Joseph W .Folk of Missouri, Oscar
W. Underwood of Alabama, Thomas
It. Marshall of Indiana and Eugene
N. Foss of Massachusetts.
If the information that reaches
here is trustworthy, other favorite
son candidates are to be brought out
within the next two months. Tam
many Hali, which is still In control
of the New York Stxte organization,
undoubtedly Intends to hide its real
purposo by standing by a "favorite
son." Whether this "favorite son"
shall be Governor Dix or Mayor Gay
nor has not yet been determined.
Until recently tho prospect was that|
Governor Dix would be brought outi
, as the New York candidate, but re
cent developments have pointed to
Mayor Gaynor as the man that is to
be used by Tammany.
The forces that are at work to pre
vent the nomination of Wilson are
! also looking for a favorite son cand
idate from Illinois. The statement
was made here today by a prominent
Illinois Democrat that the old Hop
kins machine in that State is under
pledge to trot out a favorite son.
No one asserts that these so-ca'.led
favorite sou candidates are parties to
'the scheme to prevent, if possible,
tho nomination of Woodrow Wilson.
A Democrat who knows, or at least |
'thinks he knows what is going on,
jsaid today that he is confident that j
I most of these favorite son candidates
;.ire absolutely Innocent so rar as be-J
iing mixed up in any intrigue is con-j
Icerned. "The fact is that most of|
them are in the hands of designing,
politicians," BHid this man. "They do
not realize that the men that are urg
ing them on are planning to make up
delegations to the national conven
tion that may be UBed to prevent the
nomination of Woodrow Wilson."
The anti-Taft Republicans have al
so hit on the "favorite son" scheme as
the most feasible one for use In at
tempting to build up opposition to the
renominatlon of the president. For a
while Senator La Follette of Wis
IBER 30,191}.
News That Another Was Held For
Crinio Drovo tho Fugitive Murder
er to the Confessional.
Haunted by visions of hia victim,
John Henry Marty surrendered to
the police at Baltimore Wednesday,
declaring that he was the murderer
of William H. Mickle, an old store
keeper in 7 th street, Washington, on
November XI last.
Martin, who appears to be a ner
vous wreck, said that he entered the
store, struck the man over the head
with a wrench, took the contents of
the cash drawer and fled.
He said that he went to West Vir
ginia and did not knew that the man
he assaulted was dead until he read
it two weeks ago In a Washington
paper. He saw also that someone
else had besn arrest?d for the crime.
The memory of his deed and the
thought that an innocent person
might suffer for it, drove blm to a
confessional where he told his story
to the priest. It was on the advice
of the latter, Martin said, that he
surrendered himself.
Martin formerly lived at Cumber
land, Md. He has been in Baltimore,
only a few days, he said. Martin told
the police that his first thought after
reading of the arrest of another for
the murder, was that he had had a
lucky escape.
"Then," he said, "I began worry
ing. I could not reat; I could not
eloep. I Lave been In miaery. I
would rather be hung or have any
thing else done to me than to be
tormented by my thoughts. The man
I killed kept a cigar store on 7th
street, Washington. I went In there
aaked him for money.
"He refused me and I struck him
over the head with a monkey wrench.
Tnen I ran away. I went to West
Virginia and came here about three
weeks ago from Berkley Springs. I
am a baker by trade and am not mar
"Ever aince I read that I had klll
t..l the man I struck I have seen faces
at night when I was in bed. I can
see the picture of that cigar store."
Putrid Fish Probably Canse.?Home
less Berlin Men Victims.
At Berlin thirty-six homeless men,
who sought with decayed smoked her
ring to and to the frugal meal of
bread and soup served to them at the
municipal lodging house Wednesday
night, are dead. More than forty
others are sick, several of whom are
believed to be dying.
The cause of death has not yet
been announced, but the authorities
are confident that the putrid fish is
responsible. The partially complet
ed autopsies appear to substantiate
this view. All those known to have
partaken of the nah are dead, or In
?uch condition as to be unable to
throw light on the subject.
L'f. Is believed, however, that one
of the victims found the fish in the
garbage pile of a nearby market and
divided them among his comrades.
The men became sick, early Thurs
day morning, deaths following rapid
Bold Attempt at Highway Robbery.
Detective Wounded.
At Patterson two men armed with
automatic revolvers, held up Freder
ick Wilde, a manufacturer, and a city
detective, who were guarding a sat
chel containing $2,000, in the street
Saturday The detective, John H.
Tracey, was sho' in the leg in the
struggle, but tho money, which had;
just been drawn from a bank for tho
Christmas pay roll of a shirt factory,;
was saved. The highwaymen escaped,1
and up to a late hour Saturday night
no trace had been found ot them.
Tracey'8 injury may cripple him forj
consin had the antl-Taft field all to
himself, but he was not making any
progress, and so the whole scheme
ot opposition to the renoraination of
the president was recast. Big busi
ness, which does not want either Taft
or Wilson in tho White House, agreed
to support a Roosevelt movement.
Then came a decision on the part of
the antl-Taft Republicans to bring out
some favorite son candidates.
Senator Cummins of Iowa was urg
ed l.o permit the use of his name In
this connection, aud the understand
ing now ia that he will make a fight
for an Iowa delegation pledged to
support him. The real object is, of
course, to prevent, if possible, the
Iowa delegation being instructed for
Taft A good deal of consideration
was given to the situation in Indiana
by the antis. It was finally decided
to use the three names, La Follotte,
Beveridge aud Roosevelt, In an ef
fort to prevent Instructions in that
State for President Taft
Blown to Atoms by Dynamite.
Edward Van Bever, of Little Clear
Creek, Ky., was blown to atoms on
Christmas night while discharging
dynamite. Van Bever, with a party
of friends were celebrating ChriBt
mas. Thinking that the fuse at
tached to the stick of dynamite had
been extinguished he walked up to
the deadly explosive to relight it
Victim Was Found in Bed With Head
Laid Open by and Axe With Her
Babe by Her Side.
In one of the mill villages of
Greenvill? the coroner is holding an
inquest into the death of a woman
who was found in her bed at daybreak
Wednesday with hor head split open
with an axe and her 2-year-old babe
Immersed in a pool of blood oy her
sido. The woman's husband is locked
in ? cell at the county jail, and finger
nail* bearing blood stains uncleaned
by water used in erasing other traces
of the foul crime point at him as the
guilty man.
At 6:30 o'clock Wednesday morn
ing Sheriff Poole received.* call from
Brandon mill, and in responding dls
coTered one of the most hideous
crimes that has stained the pages of
Greenville's criminal history in some
years. In their three-room apart
ment the sheriff discovered Mrs.. Alice,
Campbell, wife of LaFayetto Camp-j
bell, groTelling in her bed in a pooli
of blood.
Her head had been mutilated Bome
time during the night with Borne in-;
strument, a huge gash laying oper the
skull over the temple. A horrible
bruise on one cheeck and other
wounds about the face almost blotted
jut her identity. The woman was
not dead, and by her side lay herj
babo, unharmed. Physicians were
called to tend the woman but after
removing sections of her skull a. ma
jor portion of brain, she died Wednes
day afternoon shortly after 4 o'clock.
Immediately the sheriff anil his as
sistants went to work to apprehend
the person guilty of the crime?. Living
in the house was another family, out;
none of them had heard any distrub
ance during the night. The husband
pointed out the bed in which, he said
he had spent the night, but it was inj
another room from that in which his;
wife slept.
Going on into the kitchen the of-!
ficers discovered an axe leaning
against the wall and resting upon a,
cow chain which had been piled onj
tho floor. The chain itself was
bloody, but the axe had been washed
of all but a few stains of crimson.
This led the officer to believe that
immediately after the commission of
tho crime tho bloody axo had been
stood upon the chain; that later it I
was taken up and the blade of it|
cleansed, then Btood once more upon
the chain.
The officers also found an old sack
in the kitchen, which, though freshly,
washed, showed traces of blood.' In!
the stove they discovered scraps of
burned rag3 bearing traces of blood.
Later in the day suspicion began to
point to the woman's husband and1
traces of blood on his finger nails led
tho sheriff to place him under arrest
and carry him to the county jail.
The murdered woman herself has
been in the courts of this county, j
Some years ago while defending herj
husband from an attack by her own,
brother she secured a revolver and
fired four shots into the Iatter's body.
For a long tmle it was thought the
woman's brothers would die. The
case dragged through the courts for
some time and finally wore itself out]
without any one being convicted.
Negro Who Attempted it is Shot!
Twice by Foliceman.
At Bamberg on Saturday night a;
negro man named William Zeigler
was arrested for being disorderly and
taken to the guard house. As the
door wp.3 opened he made a dash for
liberty and succeeded In making his
escape. About one o'clock Sunday!
rnorniug he reappeared on tho streets |
loaded up with booze and attempted!
to take vengeance on Policeman San
dy Nevils, and in derence of himself
Mr. Nevils had to shoot the negro.
One ball passed through his arm and
entered his aide . It is not thought
he is dangerously wounded, but the
extent of the wound in his side can
not yet be definitely determined, and
it may prove serious.
Two Dead From Drinking Boer That1
Was Sent the Family..
At Henderson, Ky., a third mem
ber of the household may die as the!
result of the poisoning Friday night'
of the family of Thomas Royster.
Three membors of the family and two j
negro servants became suddenly ill
after drinking beer suid to hare been
furnished by Philip Burrlss, an ad-|
mlrer of ninnche Royster, -vlio was
the only member of the fumily notj
poisoned. Sunday night the physi-j
ruins in attendance upon Lorine, the
thirteen-year-old daughter, said herj
condition wait such a? to make hc-i rc- j
rcrery doubtful. The funerals of:
Henry Royster, an eightecn-year-ol J,
.son, and Rel Davis, ?vho died a few j
hours aLer br ing pokoned, were held ?
Sunday afternoon.
Ten Women Claim IL'm.
Owem Callan, in ."nil in Bath, N.
Y., on charge of obtaining $f>,000
from .Mrs. Aleda Jacobs, of Ilornell,
N. Y., when he promised to marry
her, is said to have ten wives. All
are aiding the district attorney In
building up tho case against the pris
White PepnJalioa of Sooth Is Mahieg (be
i - ?.. . ? <: ,',. >t
Greatest Snides
La Ten Southern States the Number
of White Persons Increased 24 Pes
Cent, While Negroes 10 Per Cent
Since 1900.?South Carolina's Per
centages Are 31 and 0.
A preliminary statement of the
population of the United States aft
cording to races, nativity and per
centage, has just been iaaued bj -the
Census Bureau.
According to it South Carolin* has
136,000 more negroes thas whites,,
but in thia State, too, the increase in
white population is far greater than
that of the negroes. The increase in
whites in ten years is 21 per cent,
the same as Georgia, while the in
crease in negreos Is but 6 per cent.
Georgia out of a total population of
2,(509,121 has 1,431,816 white? and
1,176,987 negroes. The Increase in
the white population aince 1900 has
been 21 per cent, and the Increaae
in negroea 13 per cent. There are
250,522 more white people In Geor
gia than in 1900 and 142,174 more
Alabama has 1,228,841 white and
908,275 negro population, an^/HPvv
creaae of 22 per cent In whlterand 9
per cent. In negroea. The total pop
ulation has decreased 1 per cent and
white increased 11 per cent, in ten
Florida out of a population of
752,619 has 443,646 whites and 30S,
86? negroes. The percentage of in
crease of negroes la greater in Flor
ida than In any other Southern state,
being 33 per cent, since 1900.
North Carolina In a total of 2,
206,287 population has 1,500,513
whites and 697,843 negroes, an in
crease of 18 per cent. In the former
and 11 per cent. In the latter since
'Mississippi has a total population
of 1,797,114, of which 186,119 are
whites and 1,009,4S7 are negroes.
3ut In that state the increase in
white population In ten years has
been 22 per cent., while the Increase
Id negroes has been only 11 per cent.
Vfrglnia has a population of 2,
061,612, of which 1,389,809 are
whito and 671,090 are negroes. The
increase in negroes is but 1 1-2 per
cent., while the white population has
increase 16 1-2 per cent.
A table of populations of moat of
the Southern states shows the divis
ion between whites and negroes as
State. White Negro.
Georgia. . . .1,43:1,816 1,176,987
Florida. 443,646 308,669
Alabama. . . .1,228,841 908,275
Mississippi. . . 785,119 1,009,487
Louisiana. . . 941,125 713,78*
S.Carolina. . . 679,162 835,843
N. Carolina.. .1,500,513 697,843
Tennessee. . .1,711,433 473,088
Virginia. . . . 1,389,809 671,096
Total. . .13,917,360 7,485,092
The following is the total popula
tion of the States named:
Florida. 752,619
Alabama .2,138,093
Mississippi .?.1,797,114
Louisiana . 1,656,388
Texas . 3,896,542
South Carolina.1,515,400
North Carolina.2,206,287
Tennessee) of the Southern states
Total . 20,817,965
Following are the percentages of
increase in white and negro popula
tion (in the latter case a decrease In
Tenuesse) of the Southern states
since 1900:
White. Negro.>
Georgia .21 13
Florida .49 33
Alabama .22 9
? Mississippi .22 11
Louisiana .29 9
South Carolina .21 6
North Carolina .18 11
Tennessee .11 ?1
Texas.32 11
Virginia .16 1
This shows the white population
of the ten Southern states named has
increased a little over 24 per cent.,
while their negro population has In
creased but a litt'o more than 10 per
Some peculiarities are found In
the shifting white and negro popu
lation as shown by the report. New
Hampshire and Vermont, sister
st.;ites In most things, differ in regard
to negro population. Since 1900
New Ham pah ire's negro population
has decreased nearly 15 per cent.,
while Vermont's regro population
has increased 9^ per cent.
Other str.tes which sho?r a marked
increase In negro population are
North Dakota, 115 per cent.; South
Dakota, 75 per cent.; Idaho, 120;
Wyoni i :ig, 13 7; Utah, 70; Neva ia,
2S2; Washington, 141; California,
06; Oklahoma, 14 7.
Making Themselves Solid.
The members of the Charleston
dispensary constabulary presented
the Governor with a gold watch chain
as a token of their eateem. A gold
headed cane from the members of the
Columbia constabulary was their
Christmas remembrance to the Gov

xml | txt