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The herald and news. (Newberry S.C.) 1903-1937, February 23, 1904, Image 1

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The Work of the Last Few Days of
the Session and A Brief Re
view of the Whole.
Columbia, February :n.-The gen
eral assembly of 1904 adjourned on
Saturday night at about twenty min
utes after ten o'clock.
A brief review of the whole session
shows that some hard work was done.
The personnel of both houses was far
above the average and most of the
members worked hard and conscien
tiously. Of course, it is a matter
purely of opinion whether some of the
measures which were passed are wise,
and whether the assembly did not act
unwisely in refusing to enact into
law some of the measures which were
The most important legislation of
the session was that looking towards
bienAial sessions, the creation of a
department of immigration, the fran
chise tax bill imposing a license tax
on corporations. the telephone bill
placing telephone companies under
jurisdiction of the railroad commis
sioners, the creation of the new de
partment of immigration, the Brice
local option measure, and the rural li
brary law.
This latter measure as at first pre
sented was a blow aimed directly at
the whole -:spensary system of the
State. but.meant very little when the
two houses got through tacking on
amendments to it, and it was said that
the author would not know it if he
met it in the big road. The measure
with the amendments was warmly
supported by the dispensary members.
The original bill proposed that coun
ties, should be allowed to vote out es
tablished dispensaries-local option,
pure and simple. The bill as it fin
ally passed provides that counties vot
ing out dispensaries shall pay an an
nual tax of one-half mill to be used
by the governor for the enforcement
'of the law in said counties. and that
said counties shall not receive any of
the benefits of the school fund arising
from the dispensary profits except
that guaranteed by the constitution
in order to make up deficiencies so as
to guarantee each county $75 for each
pupil. This makes the counties pay
very heavily for the privilege of get
ting rid of a dispensary.
The bie:,-tal sessions bill simply
submits the question to the people this
fall, and there is little doubt but that
the people wili vote for the measure.
Many of those -.ho voted for submit
ting the question to the people very
much doubted the wisdom of holding
sessions only once every two years
but voted for the bill in response to
the demand of their constituents.
The creat'on of the new department
of agriculture, commerce and immi
gration creates new offices, and new
salaries, and at the coming sessions
-will very probably create a demand
for big additional appropriations
which must be given.
The telephone bill simply gives the
railroad commissioners the same juris
diction over the telephone companies
. operating in the State as they now
have over the railroads.
The measure imposing a license tax
on corporations was proposed by the
tax commission appointed at the
last session ot the general assembly
to look .into the financial condition of
the State and to suggest measures tar
putting the Siate on a cash basis.
The measure was vigorously opposed
as rank discrimination against the
corporations and was in one instance
described as a measure to "sandbag''
corporations. But it finally passed
and the corporations submitted grace
fully to the inevitable.
The rural library measure provides
that the State shall appropriate Sto
to each school raising a like amount
by private subscription and that when
sad amount has been '-aised by prif
vate subscription. with the approval p
and endorsement of the school trus- Ip
tees, the county boardl of education h
shall appropriate from the money be- t
longing to that school district an ad- e
ditional $10. making a total of $30 for it
the establishment of the library. Not i,
more than 12 schools in each county
shall receive the appropriation dur
ing any one year. so that the annual i<
appropriation for the State for this s
purpose shall not exceed S5.000.
A Liberal Body. i
The session was characterized by a
an extreme liberality. Every appro
priation asked for which had any reas- o
on whatever in it was granted. i
Tedious Days. t]
The last few days of the session tl
were very tediots. The two houses tl
were in session for several hours on
Friday morning and itil about two ti
o'clock Friday night. On Saturday. c
both houses met before 10 o'clock and r,
stayed in session until 3 o'clock Sat- %
urday afternoon, met again Saturday
afternoon. took recess for supper and-e
then went back Saturday night and r,
wound up the busines of the session, I
reaching adjournment about z o'clock. c
The house got rid of a great deal of j<
work early on Saturday morning by;
refusing to consider any third reading
bills. The senate. however, kept
hammering away at its calender. j
Retiring Senators.
It is a fact worthy of note that two
of the most distinguished members of
the senate, in the course of remarks
made during the closing hours of the
session. announced that they would
n6t seek to come back to the senate. ~
These two gentlemen are Senators n
Sheppard, of Edgefield, and Mayfield, e
of Bamberg. Mr. Mayfield has been
a member of the senate for twelve
years continously. During this long e
service he had gained the confidence C
of members of the body and wielded ti
a great influence among them. Sen- a
ator Sheppard has long been in politi- f
cal life. For several years he has
been president pro tempore of the sen- e
ate. He is a man of rare intellectual a
ability, an orator of power, and his re- c
tirement from the senate is a distinct ;
loss to the personnel of that body.
State House Scandal. t<
A great deal of the time of Satur- 1v
day morning's session was devoted to
the reading of the answer of the old k
commission for the completion of the b
State House to the report of the legis
lative investigating committee made
come days ago. The report, which
is intensely interesting, is more fully E
referred to in another column. Then, y
on Saturday night. Senator Aldrich.
on the part of the legislative inves-'ti
tigating committee. read a very spicy u
reply to the reply of the old com
mission, and then Senator Talbird re
plied to the reply. All these matters
will be published in the permanent
records of the general assembly.
Building to Be Completed.
Both houses on Saturdy gave ninal
reading to a measure appropriating
$4.ooo for the completion of the L
State House and the act has been
ratified. The appropriation is to J
come from the Sinking Fund and the s
sum of $5,ooo from taxes each year is c
to be set aside to repay the Sinkinga
Fund. n
The act was amended so as to pro- t
vide that no contract should be made ei
except for heating apparatus and such
repairs as were necessary to prevent si
further deterioration in' the building, si
until the conclusion of the litigation h
which is to be entered upon against p
the architect and contractors who had a
in charge the completion of the a
recent addition to the State House. It t.
was desired no. t to destroy evidences '1
of the alleged bad work on the build- B
To Protect Laborers.
The senate on its closing day took
nnal action on the measure to validate
laorers' checks in the-hands of hold- i
r5 and the measure was ratified. The
meautre imposinlg an annual capita
ton tax orfnifty cents on all dogs was
also passed and was ratified as an act.
The Insurance Bill. h
M TZihler's bill to create the de- .
artment of insurance was indefinitely
ostponed by the senate. Mr. Kibler
as succeeded in getting this measure
rough the house each year for sev
ral years and each time it has met
s fate and was placed in the senator
Ll burying ground.
Building and Loans.
The bill to exempt home building and
>an associations from tax on capital
tock was killed by the senate.
The ten-circuits bill was killed by
ie house .after having passed the sen
It is rather interesting to note an
ccurrence which happened just be
>re adjournment. An act to prohibit
le granting of pardon on c-idition
iat the person pardoned should leave
ie State was ratified through mistake.
fter considering the matter for some
me. it was concluded that the best
ourse to pursue was to ask the gov
enor to veto the act. and a resolution
ras passed accordingly.
The usual courtesies were exchang
d by the two houses. a message was
ceived from the governor announc
ig that he had no further communi
aiion and the general assembly ad
)rned sine die.
'he Minister Of War Takes Supreme
Command Of All The Armies
Of The Czar
St. Petersburg. Feb. . 21.-The ap
ointment of Gen. Kuropatkin, who
esterday was relieved of his functions
s minister of war, to the chief com
land of the Russian army in the far
ast was gazetted this morning.
With the possibe exception of Gen.
ragomiroff, formerly governor gen
ral of Kieff and later member of the
uncil of State, Gen. Kuropatkin is
e most pooilar man in the- Russian
rmy. As a bluff old soldier who has
>ught his way from the bottom to be
iinister of war, he is the ideal of the
nlisted men. No( one in the czar's
rmy has seen more fighting and no
ne can tell a story better. As min
ter of war he was considered a just
hief who gave rewards and adminis
red punishment without fear or fa
The appointment of Gen. Kuropat
in :o dirct command in the field has
een received with enthusiasm and in
pired complete confidence.
Gen. Kuropatkin will be accom
anied to the front by Grand Dukes
oris. Alexis. Nicholas and Michael
The only other recent news from
ie far east indicates that Russia will
ndertake to prevent the landing of
apaneC troops.
amashita Yaschiro oGoing Home to
Become the Bryan of Japan.
.incoln, Neb., Dispatch.
Yamashita Yaschiro, the young
panese who has been studying the
:ience of government under the
)mbined tutelage of William 3. Bry
a and the State University graduates
ext week and will shortly threaf
r return to Japan. wvhere he will
ater politics.
He is pleasant faced and rather
ender, and he surprised Col. B3ryan
x years ago by descending upon
ir one afternoon wiui'. he was en-,
ying the restfu shade of his 'porce
.d announcing that he had comie to
1.L!ke his home v 'thi the Nebriaskan
> earn the art o~ becomiig a states
n ~nn a leauer of the people. 3-1r.
ran demurred. at first gently. but
Lter strenously but nothing he could
iv or do shook the firm determina
in of the yvrr.:: ln:melSe.
r. Bryan toa:! him that ile .s'ild
-some pla -e :o work and in this
Sobtain the '.nn whh :shii h to
)through 5e :. '. Yaashita re
:w' that that v:as iust what he wau:.
I to do. and as he had the right of
oice he had fixed upon Col. Bryan's
ouse as his home during the time he
-as getting his education.
The patient, gentle courtesy of the
Japanese would be satisfied with no
unfavorable answer, and Mr. and Mrs.
Bryan capitulated gracefully. The
young man said that he had read
much of what Mr. Bryan had said and
written, and these words had inspired
him to educate himself and become
in effect the Bryan of Japan.
These were not the exact words of
Yamashita. but that was what he
meant. and a she could learn to be
the Bryan of Japan only by sitting at
the feet of the original he was no
longer resisted. His gentle manners
oon made him a household favorite.
He was at home in any department of
the domestic work and he faithfully
performed every task that was re
quired of him.
Despite his rather poor equipment
for entrance into the university, he
qualified within two years and has dili
gently applied himself to the course
of studv he marked out. which em
braced political economy. sociology.
ethics and American history. Col.
Bryan has interested himself in the
young man. and guided him in his se
lection of studies and reading.
All the time Yamashita has made
his '. - with the Bryans and has
made hiinself a general favorite in the
university and the city. To a reporter
he said:
"My course of study has been shap
ed with the intention of fitting me for'
a career in politics in my native land.
There are great opportunities there
for young men, and inany of us have
been favored with the opportunity to
imbibe the best there is of American
ideals and institutions.
"We feel very grateful to your peo
ple for the chances we have had, and
shall try to repay you by trying to
make our own country more than ever
deserving of the title of the America
of the Orient. Japan is on the wave
of a great intellectual uplift and is
destined to take a more prominent
position in world affairs hereafter. A
knowledge of American politics and
of political economy will fit our young
men for the great opportunities that
will arise.
"I shall devote my life. regardless
of material interests, to assisting man
kind and helping to make their condi
tion better. I am not versatile enough
to do all things. and I hope I am not
so unwise as to think myself capable
to do many things. but I expect to
meet with success in politics in my
native land.
"To me that appeals a. a great field
of usefulness. It may be as broad as
a nation is great or as wide as the
world's brotherhood.
"The real basis of universal politics
is to know man. I have been much in
terested in mathematics. literature and
philosophy, but immeasurably more
in finding out in whaL way I could bet
ter the condition of my fellow men."
Who Will Dominate China.
Pickens Sentinel Journal.
Japan is the last Asian Power of
importance that is left. China is ef
fete and helpless, ready to fall under
the domination of which ever Powver
wins in the great duel now in prog
ress. India and Turkey have become
actually or virtually dependencies
upon European systems. Should Rus
sia prove the victor. Japan would fall
back into a minor position and Rus
sia would dominate the vast Chinese
empire and Corea, thus practically
putting an end to the "yellowv peril"
f the Far East. Should Japan win.
her influence would be greatly extend
ed and China and Corea wvould in all
prbability be dotminated by her.
Under Japanese domination there is
no telling what might be the future
of the Chinese. Japan might be able
to make them throw off their leth
argy. t' organize thenm into efficient
armies and thus put herself in com
mand of about one-third the popula
tion of the world. The Japs are pro
gressive. resourceful and highly am
Something Of His Speech and Im
pressions Formed Of the Man On
The Trip to Columbia.
The address of the Hon. William
Jennings Bryan to the members of the
general assembly was delivered in the
city hall in Columbia at noon on Fri
day before an audience which packed
the 1)ilding. The crowd which heard
the .. dress was very generally esti
mated at little less than four thous
Mr. Bryan spoke for more than an
hour and a half. He gained the im
mediate and undivided attention of
his large audience and held it to the
close, receiving a tremendous ovation
on his appearance before his audience
and at the close of his address. Mr.
Bryan has a power of oratory that
has been accorded in like degree to
very few inen in this generation. He
has a' clear voice of such volume that
without apparent effort on his part it
may be distinctly heard in every part
of the largest halls. His reasoning is
strong and deep and yet so clear as
to make it easily followed by a man
of less than average intelligence. His
periods are well rounded and his style
and delivery magniicent. However
much one may disagree with him in
his positions and in his argument to
sustain those positions there is a mag
netism in his oratory that is irresti
ble nd that draws ach one of those
in his audience to himself and com
ands their attention and admiration.
There can be no doubt that Mr. Bry
an is one of the greatest of American
His Address.
Mr. Bryan's theme was the "Moral
.Issue." He pleaded for the applica
tion of moral issues to national poli
cies in order to assure the endurance
of the government. He reiterated in
every instance his well-known views
on national affairs and declared his
allegiance to the Democratic platform
on which he has twice been defeated
as the nominee of his party for the
presidency. He thought there was no
better democrat in the United States
than himself. He believed in Democ
acy and believed there was never a
time when real and true democracy
was needed more than today. He dis
cussed the tariff, the trusts ,the Philip
pine question, making clear the appli
cation of the moral principle to na
tional issues. "You may prove to
me." said he. "that riches may be
brought from the Orient and piled up
to the skies and you will fail to con
vince me that all of them are wort%
one life lost in the conquest of those
M1r. Bryan. in his discussion of the
money question, said that it had been
repeatedly asserted that the money
uetion was de t , but it d.d n .t wor
:ywn because si they really thoaght
it was dead they would not keep say
ing so.
In his discussion of the labor gaes
tion and his plea for the application
of the moral issue to this as well as
all other questions, Mr. Bryan touch-*
ed on the child labor question, say
ing: "If we love our childreni we -
will refuse to drive the poor man's
children of tender years into the fac
tory when they should be at school."
He believed there was something
stronger than money. and that was
egnscience-conscienlce which, when
once awvakened. will enable a man to
stand by a stake and smile while the
iames consume i-imn. is stronger than
money. and this conscience must be
awakened. Instead oi a campaign
fund to exceed that of the republicans
the time had come to place an awak
ened conscience against this campaign
Mr. Bryan closed with a peroration
in which he asserted his emphatic be
lief in the final triumph of the right.
IT wa; time that the democratic party

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