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VOL. XL. NO. 163. NEWBERRY. S. C.. FRIDAY. FEBRUTARY 26. 1904. TWICE A WEEK. $1.50 A YEAR
FIRST SIHERRIGS OF
COUNTY POLITCIUL POT
-- ' - - ON HAVE
RIGHT OF WAY.
It Is Too Early Yet For Announce
ments But Names Are Already
The warm weather of the past few
days has been a reminder of the near
approach of spring, and the approach
-of spring on an election year always
turns the thoughts of the American
citizen to volitics. It is, of course.
too early for definite announcements
from the candidates, but the political
pot is already slightly simmering. The
people have begun to discuss probable
candidates, and the probable candi
dates are already casting around for
a cofiprehensive view of the situa
tion and to get themselves in shape
and their supporters together.
This is presidential election year,
and the people of this county will take
an interest in national politics, in ad
dition to the great interest which they
always manifest in local and State;
politics. But for the reason that
there is only one party in South Caro
lina, the interest taken in national pol
itics, so far as the vote of this State
is concerned. is very small compared
to that taken in State and county poli
tics. South Carolina always goes sol
idly democratic.. and . then eagerly
awaits the result in the doubtful
Nor will there be a great deal of in
terest this year in State politics. for
the reason that most of the State of
ficers will ask for a second term, and
South Carolina to give a State officer,
who has served acceptably for two
years. a second term.
Euk there is always a lively interest
- county politics.
Time Near At Hand.
The State democratic executive
committee met two years ago on the
3d of April for the purpose of calling
for a reorganization of the party.
State Chairman Wilie Jones has not
yet issued his call for the meeting of
the executive committee this year.
The constitution of the party pro
vides that on the fourth Saturday in
April, or during the week in which
the fourth Saturday occurs, that all
the, democratic clubs shall meet and
elect delegates to the county conven
tion and nominate one member of
the county executive committee.
Then on the first Monday in May
the county democratic conventions
meet to elect a county chairman, a
county executive committee, delegates
to the State convertion, and to nomi
nate members of the State executive
committee. The county convention
always chooses the county executive
committee as recommended by the va
rious clubs, and in turn the State'con
vention always elects the State execu
tive committee as nominated by the
various county conventions.
The State democratic convention
meets on the third Wednesday in May
to elect delegates to the national con-i
vention-four from the State at large
and two from each congressional dis
trict--a member of the national deinio
cratic executive committee. and a
SState executive committee-one mem
ber from each county, suggested by
the county conventions.
'This being -presidential election
year, the State democratic executive
committee, at its meeting in Septem
ber, will nominate candidates for
presidential electors-two from the
State at large and o'ne from each con
The first elemocratic primary comes
on the fourtn Tuesday in August and
the second primary on the second
Tuesday in September. The demo
eratic primary. of cor.rse. :s - ractic
aliv the election.
Newberry County Politics.
In Newberry county this year there
Lwill be a race for every coutty office
except probate judge. Col. John C.
Swilsn will hold over for another two
There is going to be no lack of can
didates for the various positions. A
number of the present county officers
have definitely stated that they will
stand for re-election, and opposition
to some of them has already been defi
nitely stated by those who intend to
make the race. Other gentlemen who
have been talked for county positions
have refused to commit themselves.
As.a niatter of fact, it is rather a little
early yet. because at this early stage
of the game it is almost impossible
for the shrewdest of the politicians to
make a good guess at the sentiments
of the people. and no one wants to
go into a race unless he himself be
lieves that he can be elected. But, on
the other hand. there are those who
think that-by getting into the political
game early in the season they will de
velop strength and in every way be
better prepared when the campaign
opens in earnest. And then, some say,
if a man waits until the last minute
to state his intention to run his warm
est supporters may have been pledged
to somebody else. Then. there are
those who are waiting on encourage
ment to make the race. Taken all in
all, there is no more intricate game
than that of politics. There are some
Who are strong enough or lucky
enough, as the case may be, to defy
the game and without studying its in
tricacies and abiding by its laws, to
command the approval and the votes
of the people. But these are usually
few. Politics is the great American
game and the would-be statesmen play
it, and every now and then there ap
pears a fine Italian hand which is able
to control it- for a time. But there is
no game more uncertain and there is
no success more fickle.
Senator George S. Mower has as
vet made no definite statement as to
whether or not he will make the race
for re-election to the State senate.
There is no reason to suppose, how
ever, that he will not make the race,
and the natural conclusion is that he
will probably stand for re-election.
Hon. Cole. L. Blease, in reply to a
direct inquiry from a representative
of The Herald and News, stated defi
nitely that he would be in the race.
He thought it too early yet to an
nounce any platform or to make any
statement other than the mere an
nouncement that he would be in the
Members of the House.
Newberry's three representatives in
the lower branch of the general as
sembly at present are Messrs. Arthur
Kibler, E. H. Aull and John F. Banks.
Mr. Kibler refuses to state whether
or not he will stand for re-election or
whether or not he will be in any of
the races thi- summer.
It is very probable that Mr. E. H.
A"ull will seek re-election at the hands
of the people of the county, whom he
has served in the legislature for only
It is niot known whether or not Mr.
Banks will be in the race.
It is very probable that Mr. W. Hi.
Sanders will be in this race. Other
gentlemen mentioned are Mr. Fred.
H-. Dominick and Dr. R. C. Carlisle.
Dr. Carlisle has not been seen for a
statement. Mr. Dominick has not yet*
determined definitely upon entering
Magistrate John Henry Chappell
has been mentioned in connection
with this race. as has also Maj. F. WV.
Higins. The name of Mr. Higgins
has also been 'nieit:l~ed in connec
ton with the race for LLie county su
perintndenlt of education' o 0ice.
Mr. Higgins so far has zef.sed to
commiiit himseli. though it is very
p.. H,able that he will be in the cam
paign this summer.
Clerk ok Court.
(!"' of Court J :. t . Goggss
ii seek re-election. ..o i, *po'simon
hs~ been mentioneCd to M.r. Goggans
so ft.r. and it is not probable that he
will be opposed. though i-. is eery u:n
safe to make a predicti.m; as to) whct
tl.: next few months wth bring forth
SCHOOL LIBORIES 1K
THE RURAL DISTRMJS
ACT PASSED BY THE RECENT
Chappells School To Take Advan
tage Of Appropriation At Once
Other Schools Should.
The school at Chappells was the
first in Newberry county to take steps
t. avail itself of the opportunity of
fered by the measure passed by the
recent legislature to encourage the es
tablishment of rural school libraries.
The friends and patrons of the school
by Tuesday morning had raised by
private subscription the amount of $io
necessary to secure a like amount
from the county funds belonging to
their school district and a like amount
from the funds set apart by the State
tinder the rezent measure for this
This school being the first in New
berry county to raise the amount nec
essary to secure these appropriations,
The Herald and News will donate to
its library when established a copy
of the Annals of Newberry and a copy
of Dickert's History of Kershaw's
Brigade. in accordance with the pro
prosition made in Tuesday's issue.
To the next school raising the $Io
required by private subscription The
Herald and News will give a copy of
Diceiert's History of Kershaw's Brig
Under the provisions of the meas
ure as it was passed, not more than
twelvt schools in each county shall
be entitled to the.binefits of the Act
inyone ye'T4 so that the appro
priation from the State for each year
shall not exceed $5,ooo. So that there
are only eleven more schools in New
berry county which may secure the
benefits of the Act during this year.
The measure was proposed by Mr.
Aull. of this county, and is based on
the idea that those should be helped
who are willing to help themselves.
By raising $io by private subscrip
tion a school may secure for the pur
pose of establishing a library $10 from
the county funds belonging to that
school district and Sio from the State.
making $30 total int the purpose of a
Many schools in other counties in
the State are taking advantage of the
liberal offer of the State and on Tues
day three schools in Richland county
had already -:aised the necessary $1o.
It is very much hoped that the schools
of Newberry county will soon avail
themselves of the opportunity offer
ed by the Act.
In order that there may be no mis
understanding the Act is published in
The Library Act.
Be it enacted by the General As
sembly of the State of South Caro
Sgetion 1. Whenever the patrons
and friends of a free public school
shall raise by private subscription and
tender to the county superintendent
of education, with the approval and
endosement of the school trustees
of suc'h school district for the estab
lishmient cf a library to be co:'nect
ed with said Fch.) . the sum oi ten
dllars. aecounty board of cJucation
shall aprropriate from: the m>ney be
longing +o that school district aski g
for the library, the sum of ten k llar
for this purpose
See ~2. As soon as -the county
board of education of any conta, shall
have made an n.ropriation for a 1i
brary .n the manner prescrib --. 1
coumty stperinte: 'lent ot ea;cation
shxll , form the secretary of a state
bard .t lhicatior. of the fact. - here
upon th:e said Stat -board of educ :t:Dr,
-hl -st the cou'nty uper.tenidei
. ! .:.Con the :-um of tea dolla-s
fr the 1.::rchase of 1.coks for said li
brary. on receipt of this n'ouiey
the i wunty stuperintendent of ed ira
non shall turn over to the pere 1a
;/' in' d to seler books. the amut n.
secured by privat, subscripti-.:;. by
*a-...ation frn. the ennnt. hoard
of eJication. and bv appropr'ations
fron- he state buard of education.
Sec. 3. The local board .f trus
tees is hereby appinted to select the
books. and shall purchase such bookz
a- :hey may deem t e suited for srch
and shall nie with the cun
'9 4rperintendent ci edort' , vouc.1
1 ior the whole awo.:m received:
-..ided. That no vr;:chers shall be
* . except for book- .ditl transpor
charges. Pr ,.-!, '. f mnh-r
That such purchas -be froni a
.,irished by thc state bv.; .I
education. which said state boa:d
shall adopt books for said libraries
under the law and rules governir. the
adoption of text books. and shall
make rules for the governing of :,aid
Sec. 4. The trustees of every library
shall carry .ut such rules and regula
tions for the proper use and -preser
vation of the books as may be enjoin
ed bv the state board of education, and
shall make provisions* for having all
books, when not in circulation, kept
under lock and key.
Sec. 5. The trustees of two or more
libraries may. by agreement. ex
change libraries: Provided. That no
exchange shall be made ofterner than
unce in six months. and that no part
of the expense of exchanging libraries
shall be borne by the public.
Sec. 6. That the sum of five thous
and dollars be annually appropriated.
to be expended by the state board of
education. under the provisions of this
Sec. 7. Not more than twelve (12)
schools in any county in any one year
created and operated under the gen
eral free school law of the State, shall
be entitled to the benefits of this Act,
and no school district shall receive
any moneys under its provisions. ex
cept schools operated under the gen
eral free school law of the State. The
school receiving this benefit shall be
decided by the county boards.
Sec. 8. This Act shall be in force
from and after its approval.
Ratified By the Senate On . Tuesday
To Be Pushed At Once.
The United States senate on Tues
day ratified without amendment the
treaty with Panama for a canal across
the isthmus of Panama, by a vote of
66 to 14.
The result was a foregone conclu
sion. and the interest in the matter
was in the division of the vote on the
Democratic side, which was not defi
Initely known until the roll was called.
As was expected. all the republicans
voted for the ratification, or were
paired that way. Three Republicans,
who were absent. and Senator Foster,
of Washington. were those who did
Fourteen Democrats voted for rati
fication and fourteen against. Two
Democrats, Clark of Montanna and
Stone oiMissouri, wvere paired in favor
of the treaty and three Democrats,
Overman . McLarin, and Martin. were
paired against it. so that in the total
vote i6 democrats were for the treaty
and 17 against-it.
The vote against the treaty was as
Nays-Bailey. Bate. Blackburn. Car
mack. Ctulberson. Daniel.Dubois, Gor
man. Morgan. Newlands. Patterson,
Pettu-. Teller. Tillman-14.
It is the intention of the administra
tion to press the canal project by all
proper methods. As a cabinet officer
expressed it. the next step after the
appointment of the commission will
be to) "scratch dirt."' and already such
members of the commission as are
assur edof theier places, as Admiral
\Valker and Maj.-Gen. Davis. have
been .t:ing some attention to the pro
visilon 'f the clerical force and the
managezment of engineering talent
to conduict the work of canal digging.
Newberry has been havingt somne
ary pleasant wveather the~ past sev
A RUSSIAN YIGTORY
FIRST OF THE WAR
JAPANESE FAIL TO BLOCK
Reported That The Mikado Lost
Four Warships and Two Trans
St. Pttersburg, Feb. 2;.-2:45 a. m.
-A telegram from Viceroy Alexieff
to the czar says:
"At a quarter before 3 o'clock in
the morning of February 24 numer
ou.s Japanese torpedo boats attempted
to attack the battleship Retvizan and
sink large steamers loaded with in
flammablcs. The Retvizan was the
first to observe the torpedo boats and
opened a strong fire on them. She
was supported by the land batteries.
She destroyed two steamers near the
entrance of thV harbor: they were
coming directly towards her. One of
them went on the rocks near the light
house on Tiger peninsula and the
other sank under Golden Hill. The
Retvizan observed four steamers in a
sinking condition, and eight torpedo
boats departing slowly to rejoin the
waiting Japanese warships. A por
tion of the crewvs of the Japanese ves
sels were drowned. The grounded
steamer is still burning. The enemy
is observed in the offing of Port Ar
thur in two lines."
"The Japanese crews saved them
selves in boats, and it is possible that
some of them were picked up by the
enemy's torpedo boats.
"I am proceeding to examine the
coasts. The entrance of the harbor
is open. I attribute the complete de
rangement of the enemy's plan to
the brilliant action and destructive fire
of the Retvizan. Floating mines are
stil visible in the r-adstead. I
have recalled the three cruisers sent
in pursuit of the enemy in order, in
the first place, to clear the roadstead
of floating mines.
'We had no losses.'
I.ondon, Feb. 24.-A dispatch to
The Central News from St. Peters
burg gives another version of the re
ported Japanese defeat at Port Ar
thur. according to wVhich the Japanese
planned to sink some barges in the
strait leading from the outer to the
inner harbor of Port Arthur, thus
blocking the exit.
The Russian fire.- however, sunk
the garbes before they arrived at the
By Way of Paris.
Paris. Feb. 24.-The Rossian embas
sy here has received a communication
to the effect that a Japanese squad
ron, during the night of February 24,
tried to block the entrance of Port
.'..hur harbor. at th sanue time at
tacking Russion warships there witM
torpedo boats and trying to set them
on fire. The battleship Retvizan, sup
ported by the coast batteries, repelled
this attack, forcei1 the Japanese to re
tire and succeeded in sinking four of
The news of this Russian victory
was posted in the lobbies of the cham
ber of deputies and the senate during
the sitting today and caused great en
SOUTH CAROLINA NEWS..
Items of More or Less Interest Con
densed in The State.
An enterprise with $250,000 capital
is to be established in Greenville, in
the shape of the Border State Lum
Congressman Legare secured the
adoptio~n of an amendment to the na
val appropriation bill on Tuesday
which carries a total of S656.ooo for
the Charleston na-:y yard.
A two-year-old child of Mr. and
Mrs. Thomas Lanci. of Piedmont,
caught fire while playing with fire in
the house of a neighbor and was burn
ed to death.