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A CONFEDERATE IN CAMP.
Snpplies Were Plentiful the First Year of
the War, but it was Hard Foraging
Richiuor lime- ptch.
At the first hate f Mssas
some o' (IUr men1, ureC"en
iies* fioml the enW.V. and n are
were c~Viic1: ac'n 1 att I. unllk .
our cnttre r\e 'aS supplied with
this splendid article of sohlier
equimnt. These flies were about
oi and a half vards square. with
buttons along two sides and button
holes along the other two. and were
nadk O good tent cloth, hut not
so heavy as that used in the regular
tents. By huttoning two of them
together and stretching them over
a pole. which rested on two forks.
good shelter was obtained for two.
and. on a squeeze. three men. .As
every man carried a pair in his
belt. the remaining ones were used
to close in the ends. Quarters
thus arranged. with a good ditch
around to carry off the water when
it rained. were very cosy and com
fortable. and had the advantage
over the larger tent of being easily
and quickly preparel. When
three mien occupied one of these lt
tle tents it was understood that
they would all lie the same way
that is. on the right or left side. or
"spoon-fashion.' as there was not
room to spread out on their backs.
DurinPg the night. -when tired of
resting on one side, one of,the trio
would give the command--" By the
right (or left) flank-spoon !
and every nan would immed iately'
WN.N.hen Oil piiet duty we did not
nsed our flies, preierring to make a
bivouac shelter of fence rails and
brush, with big log 15res in front
This was headquarters for the
On one occasion the writer of
this sought shelter from sleet and
rain ir a small out house, but when
he entered the door he found the
floor completely occupied by other
soldiers. who had preceded him.
Casting his<yes ar, und. he noticed
one or two loose planks lying across
the ioists. the house not being
ceile~d. It only took him a moment
to decide that the night could be
passed in a much more comifortable
manner up there than outside. and
he soon had his bed made on those
planks.which were about eight feet
above the floor. He slept soundly
-during the entire night. Even it
he had rolled off the plank it is
likely that the fellow who slept im-i
mediately beneath him would have 1
been the greatest sufferer.
On the retreat up the peninsula,
in the rain, slow progress was made
and halts of a few minutes were
constantly occuring. .\en would
actually sleep leaning against trees
during these momentary stoppages.
They had been taking their rest.
such as it was, in the trenches ai
Dam No. i for some'. time. and were
in a condition to nap it without any
While in camp a fe miles. be
low Manchester we were ordered
toward Ashland to loo)k after some
Federal raiders. When we had
proceeded about ni teen miiles we
were halted andi remtained( there till
morning. Our blankets were
spr=ead in the open air and we slept
soundly during the night. On
awakening in the morning we wvere
surprised .to find that we were cov
ered with several inches .of snow.
As we had adiopted thle dlonkey's
plan of covering headl as well as
body in cold weather we knew
nothing ahout the snow until morn
ing. We were soon on the way
back, marching through a heavy
snow, and when camp was reached
had to scrape it away before pitch
ig our little fly tents.
Donw near Chicakamauga the
writer was flooded out three suc
eessive nights , the ditches around
the tent not being large enough to
carry off the heavy downpour of
rain that occurred, and was com
pelled to sleep on one side in order
to keep the other dry.
On another occasion, out on the
Chickahominy, several of us were
sent off on picket duty. We se
lected a little knoll on the bank of
the river as our posts, piling up
some rails as a sleeping place when
not on outpost. During the night
a heavy rain fell and in the morning
we hladto wade over two hundred
yards through wvater up to our
necks to reach land. But a sol
dier's ardor was not damped by
such incidents, even if his cloth
.\".v comnes the subject that
was ahea:s upnernost in a soldier's
a nC has aptly styled it.
. 4e e...d make Iut wvith any old
,,,t' f ed i f hls commissary ar
ranemot wereIC in i.shape.
am time t I.ik after his interest
I" 'lit vay 1e O.nIrally devised
was and me%anls h1im.self to keep
theC wk.i at. a respect ial distance.
N 11' C0n1ecu en-joy a wholesolmie
meal ore than himself, but he did
nit let quality Oluff him' off. so
Ilung as the (1uantitV satisticd his
dLire,. and the oIe day was ail he
to;k thought t)f. It diidn't concern
him what the norrow might bring
f, rth: le oly\ hlopedi l he would be
Provded for. it mattered iit how.
)uring the first y'ear of the war the
gV1er1ne1it was very god to us.
niilshing, a"m ple ratio! 4 flour.
;eal. salt. )acq iln. Ine es, rice.
fresll beef and, considering their
carcity. good stipplies of sugar and
CotIce. ile )eef was ot the fiest
aliv r better than the aver
age article f,In(l in1 the markets to
q:,--and there was no stint. a
uiarter being(y allowed each com
an\ at every issue for the imen to
it iromji at their pleasure. During
the -irst winter stacks (if fine steaks
could he seen piled up outside
the cabin- or tents to freeze. and
when wanted had to be separated
with a hatchet. But, alas! such
coinditionls did not continue long
and were probably not properly ap
preciated at the time. The second
year of the war had dawned before
the sol(dier really began to get in
much of his fine work. and that lie
was equal to the occasion no one
As a rule. in the meat line, bacon.
not too lean. seemed to suit the sol
dier the best. le could broil it
over a verv small fnre while resting
on a,niarch. or eat it raw if neces
sary. When in camp he preferred
to use a trying pan and use the
grease for shortening his biscuits
or making the popular dish "cush
and it seemed to go further than
other kinds of meats. [t also oc
cupied very little space in his havcr
sack. which was quite an important
consideration. He could eat an"
kind of bacon, from th-e sweetest
country cured article to the thick
Nassau." which was rank and fat.
without a ghost of lean about it.
and which. could be spread like
butter oi )read. Many good cooks
devoloped during those miemorable!
four years and many of the dishes
prepared would have (lone credit
to a professional.
When the butcher killed beef
several men were detailed to help
him. They usually fell lieir's to the
shins. heart. liver. etc.. and were
always glad to be called on. The
liver lhe" would fry,. the heart
woldl be stuffed' and baked., and
the shins w~ouild go into the sotup
ktte. or the leain meat taken
therefrom and! chop)ped uip on a
new stump for sausages or Ham
hurg steak. Mm.,netimles they wouki
eb)oiledl until the bones could be
easily remov'ed, w~hen with the adi
(itioi of salt and red or black p)ep
per, a v'erv too.thsome souse was
In the article of biread,. flour was
more frequently issued.N. but often
crackers "rai<halk" ) and corn
2 eal tell to ouir lot. During the
seven (lays' battles aroulnd Rich
mnd, and( oni other occasions. we
u$ed crackers chiefly, probably
frm' the fact "our friends. the
enm. kept us abutndlantly sup
plied, and also for the reason that
we hadn't the tiime to do much
cooking that week. The eneny
were very generous, '>o, with
coffee. leaving it by the bushel for
It was, however, during the lat
ter years of the war that the sol
dier miade his reputation as a pro
vider. If there was anything to
eat in the region through which he
w~as passing. or within ten miles of
his camp. he generally got his
share, and the yarns he told when
on a foraging expedition were of
ten marvellous. When he had
mone' lie was willing to pay for
what'he got, but w~hen lie was short
on currency his ingenuity was ex
ercised to accomplish his purpose.
In sonme localities, notably in East
Tennessee. confederate "shins"
wvere N. G.. and when we went out
on "grub hunt" w~e provided our
selves with carbonate of soda anid
chewing tobacco to barter for
bacon, beans, onions, dried fruit,
scarce ani in great (teman(l. plug
t11accf was also sought after: al
1 1.. .t Ve\ I2 N\4I'Mal lU d~ I Child
see usedC it. Thie 'ila we obitainIel
fr m the .utlers and tIe v'ern
ntm suppil ul, w\Ith the "lg
\\hen we ihad these articles ive
f ound little difficlty in prevailing
0In thLe eIIpl)e tO exchaInge their pr'
tice for themi.
At the begiling of the war most
'f the soldiers w re nice gray
uniforms. with brass buttons anl
caps of the same color. but when
those clothes were worn out the
gOIveInm en t supplied the men with
iackets and pants of homespun.
grav or something like it in color.
and shirts of unbleached cotton.
Socks of cotton and wool were
niletilles furnished. but most of
the supply came from the individ
nal hoimes. as likewise did the hats.
which were made of cloth. several
ply being quilted together so as to
give them shape. When carefully'
ma<ie of good material they were
qui:e dressy. Nice colored shirts
from home -were also worn by
manv. Some of them were taste
fullh trimmed and very sylish.
These came in very handy when a
visit was to be made.
I omitted to say that shoes werei
furnished by the government, but
I have seen men wearin moccasins
made of ox hides when new shoes
were not to be had. I have also
known men to appropriate shoes
from the feet of dead federals after
a battle. but that was not the cus
tom by any means. The suits
and shoes <iid not always fit tl
Ierson who got them. They were
apt to he too large. but that was a
good fault. Sometimes a very
small man would fall heir to a
pair of shoes several sizes too large:
-the best he could get at the tnie
-and it was amusing to see him
Waddling about in them.
The soldier was his own washer
woman. When it was practicable
he would carry an extra suit ot un
(erwear. and in that way could
have clean garments to make a
change. But when he had one
suit only lie would go to the river.
creek or pond. strip off and wash i
his clothes. and while they were
drving lie would amuse himself
suwimming or playiiig in the water.
I he didn't like the job. but fhere
was no way to dodge it.
MANY CANNIBALS REMAIN.
Human Flesh Still Eaten in Different Parts
of the World.
There are many places in. the
world today where cannibalism
Scattered about the Pacific ocean
are many cannibal islands where
the natives eat humian flesh because!
they like it for food. In others can
nibalism is practisedI as a sort of
The natives of New-Guinea are!
confirmed cannibals. and not long
ago they killed and ate the mem
bers of an exploring party led by
the wvell-wnown missionary aigd ex
plorer. Dr. Chalmers.
D)r. Chalmers wvas one of the
founders of Port Morseby the prin
cial town in the British p)art of;
the island. and had donle more in
the way of explboring Newv Guinea
than any other man. On his last
expedition up Fly river, the largest
in New Guinea, he wvas at first re
ceived with all the old-time respeca
which the natives were wvont to
show him, but one night they killed
the whole party and ate their bodies.
ade borehbnmafi aeot etaoinetaoine
including that of their friend, the
Seven Spanish sailors who were
wrecked near the mouth of the1
Muri River. in West Africa. were
captured and eaten by the natives1
Today there are cannibal tribes
living i'n many parts of South
America. Such tribes inhabit that
region of the wilderness belonging1
to Colombia known as the Cacaque
ta and the brother of Gen. Rafael
Rees, the special convoy of Colom
bia to this country in the Panama
matter, was kiled and eaten by
sonie of them while attempting to
cross to the head waters of the
Sonie of the tribes of northern
Luzon are suspected of being ad
dicted to cannibalism. Grewsome
tales of cannibalistic practices are
told of the voodoo worshippers of
the interior of Hayti.
This is a poor picture
It is intended to repre
sent an American woman
wearing an "Elite" Petti
coat. Both are positively
"Top Notches." Neither
can be excelled.
We've used particular
care in buying Petticoats,
and all we ask is that you
See our 98c. window
C LITC display. Skirts in stock
ING -from 98c. to $4.00.
TioeS Sirts Fit Ally to28 LY.
Our Spring Goods con
tinue to come, and we are
in position to do a lively
Yours to please,
___ WALL OOTEN
WALL PAPEER KEPT IN STOCK.
On Th st, N(ff 24, We Want You to Visit Our Store,
There you will see everything
new in Spring Millinery displayed.
All the latest novelties in Trim
mings, Gold, Pearl, Cords and
Sh apes that are stylish, and they
will be Priced Right. Come pre
pared to buy. A full line of Ready
to Wear Hats to select from. Our
store will be open till 9.30 at
night for those who can't come in
the day. Every hat at reduced
price this day.
Hair & Havird,
The Right Price Store.
Clean Warl( Well Done is
Our Aini and Boast!
We' want your Collars, cuffs and Shirts, and
nything else that needs to be cleansed. We
kow how to do them as they should be, be
ause we have made a study of the business,
and we have all of the latest appliances that
re used in the most up-to-date plants. A
trial bundle will convince the most critical that
we use only the best materials an~d sanitary
ethods in washing the clothes.
Gall and see the way your clothes are han