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*VOL. XL. NO0. 87. NEWBERRY. S. C.. rl"UESD)AY AUGUS-;T' 2'3.1904 TWVICE A WEEK:15 EI
THE NECESSITY FOR SUCH AN
Argument of a Correspondent Out
lining a Plan For a Defensive
Editor Herald and News: IT
writing this article I am sensible ol
the fact that many. similiar articles
have been penned and published with
out resulting in great benefit to those
for whose profit they were intended
viz., the agricultural population. Nor
-ao I enter upon this discussion with
out a painful sense of my inability tc
do Justice to this subject which I
-consider one of the very first impor
tance to those whom it most con
cerns. The subject referred to is
the organization of that great and
important industrial class the agri
-culturists. In nterest and xital con
sequence to the world, this factor, in
the censervation of all that tends tc
-l)fting and ennobling its civilization
is the most powerful and precedes all
others. It is the foundation upon
-which rests all other superstructures.
But this is well understood.
I.Nhat I most d_esir2 to emphasize in
this article is the latent power for
good which resides in subdivision ol
-the world's great social and industrial
-fabric. Conditions in nature's economy
are such, that much of this power
will, and should remain dormant.
"The poor ye have with you always.'
This is a necessity. But it does
-not follow that this power should
not be aroused and maintained tc
the extent of demanding an equality
of privileges, rights and benefits. Is
this the condition of things at pres
ent? No thinking mind holds this
opinion. While they have a unity
-of interests, there is no unity in their
efforts to subserve those interests,
They are powerless to resist any im
-position directed especially againsl
them. For instance, a "bagging
trust." Who is to be burthened
with responsibility for this inequality
and helplessness? It surely rests
with those immediately concerned.
While this is true, it is no less true
that there are some serious obstacles
in the way of removing these in
Among these may be mentioned the
difficulty of procuring efficienit or
ganizers and leaders from the ranks
<>f those whose sole interest is in this
industrial branch. ~As a rule, those
wno undertake to organize and lead
these people have "axes to grind,'
-and while some may see those whc
turn the grindstone and those whc
hold the axes, it has generally been
their lot, heretofore, to fall under the
-wheel and be crushed.
Again, the changes wrought in the
industrial problem by the issues o:
the war, especially in the south, havc
not rendered easier a proper adjust
ment of these inequalities. The dig
nity and respect once accorded to the
agricultural community, have beer
dethroned by these changes and ben
eficial organized effort trammelled
Another serious trouble is the fac1
-that so many efforts in this directior
! have failed that it seems almost im
possible to get the attention of far
mers to anything that bears on this
subiect. Nevertheless there is im
-perative necessity.- for combined ef
It would have a smack of staleness
and take up unnecessary time and
space to recapitulate here the reasoms
for this necessity- They have ofter
been rehearsed. If there is any good
reason for organization anywhere
surely it is nowhere more than her
The efforts of any one wvho sincere
lv desires to see these people organ'
ized, and w~ho is willing to work uin
3e;fshl to that end, should be di
rected to the formulation of soi
plan where the subdivisions of
grand organization should be in,
pendent one of another. but shot
have in view the facility of uniti
their efforts for making effective a
(great move or object. This bei
the plan. should any of the subdi
sions lapse or disband from a
cause whatever. it would not of t
cessity disturb any of the others.
has been the case with all samili
organizations heretofore inaugurat
that they have been great unwiel
independent bodies, in which, if ar
thing went wrong with one depa:
ment. it disturbed the whole bo<
This was the case with the Farme
Alliance. It unfortunately inaugui
ted business methods which antag
nized other interests, not intention;
ly but incidentally.
Any organization of farmers shot
be defensive, not aggressive. '
they need or should desire is defen:
In all their efforts at organized <
fense they have been successful. T
Farmers' Alliance Exchange fail<
but it may be denominated an aggr<
sive measure-a gross invasion of t
domains of merchandise. Doubtl<
all the means and forces brought
bear against this creature of the
liance. or their extent, have nei
been known or fully understood. T
political efforts of the Alliance we
equally unsuccessful and unfortuna
The demanding partial and imprac
cable measures from government 1
for the Alliance that considerati
and respect which was its due, a
which was necessary for its succe
It is true some in the Alliance foi
saw these results but they were tu:
ed down in a storm.
These failures of the grand orga
ization, held up to the farmers as
host hopeful features, wrought
ruin "Out of its wreck" we m
"find a way to rise in." And that w;
I think, is the one briefly outlin<
This plan is unlike any yet tried a
eliminates most, if not all, the obji
tionable features of those which ha
preceded it. This is exemplified
a small way. by a faithful little ba
of workers in the lower section
this county. The members medt
with no affairs other than their ov
They do not ask that any one shot
join them. An initiation fee
twenty-five cents and dues of t
cents per month are required of me:
bers. There are no paid officia
The organization is nearly or qu
three years old. In their treasu
they have about $40.oo. This mon
belongs to the individual memb<
who paid it. and in exact proporti<
for when a member desires to wil
draw, from any cause whatever, wi
he has paid into the treasury sir
he has been a member is paid ba
to him. If they choose to disbat
there is no loss to anybody. Ever
thing is paid back where it justly 1
longs. While these people do r
solicit members they would be gi
to see this influence extended, a
are willing if there is a desire on t
part of any to organize similiar
forts at other points, to assist th<
all they can. Any one feeling si
ficient interest in the matter to<
sire further information can eas
obtain it by inquiring. If this<
deavor fails it must die a reputal
death: it cannot die bankrupt. Th
do not object to respectable hon
made politics, but when a memi
enters a business meeting he mi
put his politics in his hat until he
ready to go home.
Senator Hoar Cannot Live.
Worchester, Mass.,. August. 22
Senator Hoar was resting comfo
ably this morning, but was gradua
Death is hourly expected.
IN THE FAR EAST
ny TREMENDOUS CONFLICT AT
ng PORT ARTHUR.
nv American Determined to Maintain
Neutral;ty of China-Other Mat
!d. Chefoo. August 22.-The tremen
dy dous conflict which begun four days
y- ago at Port Arthur is still raging.
rt- A Chinaman who has just arrived
Iy. here declared that the Japanese have
rs' captured an important point in the
-a- Itshan hills.
o- Rome. August 22.-A telegram re
al- ceived today states that the Japanese
lost in the last assault on Port Ar
id thur 2.500 men. including 63 officers.
Ul Shanghai. August 2.-A meeting of
the consuls of the various nations
called by Goodnow. the American
he consul, was held here today for the
purpose of discussing what means
should be taken to force Russia to
he observe the neutrality of China, the
Russian consul here having flatly re
to fused to disarm the cruiser Askold
_ and the torpedo boat destroyer Groz
er ovoi or to order them to leave the
re . The meeting adjourned without de
ti- Shanghai. August 22.-The consuls
,st will meet again this afternoon for an
on other session. The authorities here
nd have given the Grozovoi and Askold
s. until noon tomorrow to leave the
-e- port. No repairs to the vessels will
n- be permitted.
The Askold can not cross the bar
this week owing to low tides.
its Chefoo, August 22.-The Japanese
its have swept the Russians from Pig
ay eon bay and captured the norther
most fort on the western line of the
d. inner defences of Port Arthur. The
nd Japanese were prevented from oc
c- cupying Pigeon bay and other points
Ve on account of terrific fire from Rus
in Shanghai. August 22.-The Japa
nd nese torpedo boat. whose arrival here
of yesterday caused great excitement.
lie left the harbor today with dispatches
n. for the fleet now lying off the mouth
ild of the river.
of The Jap torpedo boat arrived yes
en terday afternoon. She passed the
M- Woosung at full speed and started
Is. up the River Ju for Shanghai. The
ite United States torpedo boat destroy
.ry er Chauncey slipped her cable and
ey followed the Japanese destroyer.
irs The Japanese boat was cleared for
mn. action. She anchored off the Cosmo
:h- politan dock. where the Russian
tat cruiser Askold is undergoing repairs.
ce The Chauncey came to anchor prac
ck tically between the dock and the Jap
id. anese destroyer.
'y Washington. August 22.-A long
>e- dispatch received at the state depart
ot ment this morning from Consul Gen
ad eral Goodnow, at Shanghai confirms
nd the press dispatch relative to the
he threatening entrance of the harbor
ef by a Japanese torpedo boat destroyer,
efollowed by an American torpedo boat
f- Consul Goodnow says that the Rus
l- sian consul general still refuses to
ily comply with orders of the Tao Tai
~n- that the Russian vessels dismantle or
>le leave the harbor. The acting secre
ey tary of state and Acting Secretary of
e- the Navy Darling wvent into confer
>er ence immediately after the receipt of
1st this dispatch.
isShanghai. August 22.--The Amen
can vessels here have a full head of
steam up and their gunsights have
been placed in position.
Admiral Stirling, in command of
the American squadron, is determined
not to let the Japanese vessels mo
lest the cruiser Askold and the tor
--pedo boat destroyer Grozovoi, which
rt- have been ordered by the Tao Tai to
[ly leave the port.
Stirling has also offered to escort
the Russian vessels beyond the three
Rome, August 22.-It was announ
ced today that the Italian squadron
in the far east has been ordered to
cooperate with America to maintain
the neutrality of China.
Tokio. August 22.-According to
advices, a severe story up at
the time the Russian cruiser Novik
was sunk by the cruiser Chitoz. and
the Askituskima yesterday, which
prevented the Japanese from rescuing
The Russian ship carried 334 men.
Manchester. England. August 22.
A dispatch today says that the Czar
has already offered the position of
minister of the interior, made vacant
by the assassination of M. Plehve, to
seven men, all of whom have declin
ed the profered position.
MILES ON PARKER.
Congratulates Democratic Nominee
On His Speech of Acceptance.
E,sopuis. N. Y., Aug. :2o.-Judge
Parker has made public a let
ter from Gen. Nelson A. Miles. con
gratulating him upon his speech de
livered at the notification ceremonies.
The letter follows:
"Dear Judge: I wish to express
my appreciation of your most excel
]nt address in accepting the demo
cratic nomination. It was more com
prehensive. stronger and deeper and
presented in clearer light the most
important principles of our govern
ment than any speech or state paper
produced in many years.
"It would not erase a line and
cheerfully endorse every sentence.
It will attract the attention of the
thoughtful. patriotic citizens of our
country, it will be a bow of promise
and hope to millions in the Orient
who are now praying for liberty and
it will vibrate down through the re
publics of the western hemisphere,
giving confidence to 50,000.000 of
people living under democratic gov
ernments copied after our own. Wish
you every success. I remain,
"Very truly yours.
"Nelson A. Miles."
Czarina's Baby a Girl.
New York. August 20.-The New
York World has a special from Paris
-;tating that Russian revolutionists
there assert that the child recently
born to the Czarina of Russia wvas
not a boy, and that the son of a peas
ant has been substituted for the girl
child born to the Czarina.
A peasant woman, they say, was
smuggled into the royal palace a few
days before the Czarina's accounche
ve:t was expected. The Czarina's
child, which was a girl, was given to
the peasant woman, and the peasant
child, which was a boy, was placed
in the royal cradle.
Purely For Charity's Sake.
Saluda, August 22.--While the jury
in the Thrailkill murder trial remain
ed out two hours, it has been learned
that the verdict wvas reached a very
few minutes after the jury retired.
but the jury, being down-stairs in the
supervisor's office. where it was cool.
p)urposely remained out to rest.
It is learned that nine out of twelve
of the jurors favored a verdict of
guilty without recommendation to
mercy, but as one of the jurors ex
pressed it, "finally agreed to a re
commendation of mercy solely out
I' f charity."'
ITwo Ships Steaming Westward
Sighted Off Malacca.
Singapore. August 22.-TwO cruis
crs steam:ng - .setward at full speed
were sighted off Malacca at midnight
ANOTHER SALUDA KILLING.
One Negro Kills Another at a Big
Meeting at Reedy Branch.
Saluda. August 20.-At the inquest
yesterday. held over the dead body of
Emanuel Holloway. it developed that
the negro Wiggins who did the shoot
ing. some days ago beat his wife tin
mercifully. She went to her broth
er's-the dead man-for protection.
Her husband followed and was de
nied admittance in the home by Hol
loway. Friday night Wiggins was
standing in the church yard, and
when services were over the dead
man. along with the crowd. went out.
As soon as Wiggins saw him he be
gan cursing and pulling a pistol. He
made for the dead negro. saying he
was going to kill him, and, suiting
the action to the word, began firing.
Holloway immediately ran back into
the crowd. begging them for protec
tion. Wiggins followed and fired,
once. twice. three times. At the
third shot Holloway fell and Wig
gins fell over him. As soon as Wig
gins arose he fired at Holloway again,
and was then shot at himself by a
brother of deceased. Turning upon
the other Holloway negro, Wiggins
fired again, but the bullet missed its
mark and lodged in the back of a
An autopsy showed one wound on
the dead man and this was made by
the third shot fired by Wiggins.
It entered the back of the head, go
ing through. and lodged under the
skin in the centre of the forehead.
Althongh the crowd was on the
scene, the murderer was allowed to
w'alk off. It is learned that he board
ed the south-bound passenger train
early yesterday morning at Wards.
Wiggins is a half brother of Arthur
Fitzsimmons. for whom a reward of
two hundred dollars is outstanding
for foully murdering a negro woman
here last year.
Saluda. Aug. 20.-Siker Williams,
the murderer of the Holloway negro,
was captured at Ridge Spring last
night by Tillman Davis. Robert Quar
les and Policeman Sawyer. He will
he bro)ught here this evening.
An eminent lawyer received a se
vere reprimand from a witness whom
he was trying to browbeat. It wa3
an important issue, and in order to
save his cause from defeat it was nec
essary that the lawyer should im
peach the witness. He endeavored to
do it on the ground of age, in the fol
"How old are you?" asked the law
"Seventy-two years." replied the
"Your memory, of course, is not
so brilliant and vivid as it was twenty
years ago, is it?" asked the lawyer.
"I do not know but it is," answer
ed the witness.
"State some circumstances which,
occurred. say 12 years ago," said the
lawyer, "and we shall be able to see I
how well you can remember."
"I appeal to your honor," said the
witness. "if I am to be interrogated
in this manner; it is insolent!"
"You had better answer the ques
tion," replied the judge.
"Yes sir; state it!"~said the lawyer.
"Well, sir, if you compel me to do
it I will. About 12 years ago you
stuidied in Judge -'s office did you
"Yes." answered the lawyer.
"Well, sir. T remember your father
coming into my office and saying to
me. 'Mr. D-. my son is to be ex
amined tomorrow, and I wish you
would lend me $15 to buy him a suit
of clothes. I remember also,sir,, that
from that day to this he has never
paid me that sum. That. sir, I re
member as though it were yester