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Speaks Out Openly On Improper Use of Money in Primary Elections. Anderson, Oct. 14.--Congressm an Wyatt Aiken was in the city on Wednesday and in speu-king of the recent primary election in regard to the improper use of money, said: "There is one phase of the primary upon which I desire to speak out openly and in unequivocal language, and that is the growing tendency to use money for the purpose of cor rupting the ballot. Let me say at the outset, that if - 'I had been defeated I would not have ventured a word on this subject, Lor my protest would have been passed over lightly as the wail of a defeated candidate. Let me say further that I have absolutely no selfish end, either by way of explaining past -events or influencing future evenets touching my election. Having com batted the vote buying process, a fact which I will establish if denial is made, I believe it to be my duty. though it may be impolitic, to bring the matter squarely before the pub lic. "The election or defeat of any can 'didate in a clean primary is perhaps a matter of little moment; for the clean ballott will ultimately rectify its mistakes. But when the selecting medium the primary, becomes cor rupt and the tool of wealth, it parts cdmpany with the interests of the masses and destroys the only safe guard of popular government. "The candidate who buys a posi tion of trust will sell it; he virtually elects himself and is responsible to nobody. If, as is often the case in the north, his office is procured by corporate influence, he serves corpo rate interests. In any event the people's interests suffer. They have nothing to expect except from such of their servants as are chosen by an honest ballot. "This practice .of vote buying is growing in the state. The candidates of Richland county realizing the -danger of the situation, pledged themselves to publish an itemized statement of their expenses. If some such steps are not taken generally over the state the time will ccme when poor men must cease to aspire to hold office. Ability, integrity and fidelity will be set at naught, for the man who will do so without regard to the purchaser's qualifications or traits of character. Of course, those men who can be bought are not even * a large minority, but in a closely contested campaign they easily hold the balance of power. "Our sober minded people should stamp this practice with the seal. of their disapproval so decidedly that candidates who are given to mercen ary methods can not face them. If we would avoid such conditions as now disgrace many northern states, we must take this matter in hand at~ once and vigorously." THE MORRISON KILLING Henry's Report to the Governor -Made Rigid Investigation. The following report on .the Ker shaw lynching was yesterday sub mitted to Gov. Heyward: Chester, S. C., Oct. 12, 1904. Gov. D. C. Heyward, Columbia, S. C. Sir: In obedience to your request I arrived at Kershaw, S. C., at noon on Monday, Oct, 3d, to investigate the lynching of John T. Morrison for the killing of William Floyd on the Saturday previous. After conferring with the sheriff of Lancaster, Jno. P. Hunter, Esq., who had preceded me that morning, I conferred with az interviewed the mayor, some of the aldermen, the town marshal, several of the citizens, the wife and son of Morrison and two of Morrison's neighbors. From these I learned that the attitude of the entire town and surrounding country was, by hand or heart, "His blood be upon us and our children." Not one sin gle man among them but deplored lynching and excused this one, "if one ever was excusable." Everyone with whom I conversed seemed to labor to impress me with the fact that this was the most orderly, quiet and sober lynching, with the preach ers in the background, almost audibly saying "amen." I did not get to see any ' of the local preachers; but several I spoke to me after leaving Kershaw. < on the subject of this lynching and t to my entire astonishment, they voic- i ed the sentiment "If there was an t excusable lynching this was it." i Where are we going to end up-these horrible midnight murders by lynch t law on all hands and public sentiment < fast heading the way? A sense of paralysis came upon me with the darkness of Monday night. On Tuesday morning I called a special meeting of the town council. Every member with the town mar- i shal, met us (Sheriff Hunter and my self) in a special meeting. I explain ed that the governor had sent me to I investigate the lynchi- they were sworn officers, like myself; I wanted their help, Mcrrison had been taken from their custody; they were some what responsible on this account; I wanted them to deal with me in a perfectly honest and straightforward manner; I would try to do the same with them; there was no use in my wasting effort if they were in sym pathy with the lynching or would ob struct or refuse to help me in the in vestigation. My appeal for help was in the interest of law, the name of the state and our Maker. After this I asked each and every one of them the following questions: i. Are you in sympathy with the lynching? 2. Will you help the state's officers in ferreting out and bringing to trial these lynchers, honestly? 3. Was this lynching done by town folks or from the surrounding coun try? To these three questions I have verbatim answers on file. Two.alder men answered that they were indif ferent as to the lynching and would not help to ferret out the lynchers. The mayor and one alderman answer ed that they were not in sympathy with the lynching and would help the state officers provided it did not in terfere with their business (both of these had much business). One alder man had done all he could to prevent the lynching and would do nothing more. The clerk was in sympathy with the lynchers and would not help to ferret it out and would cover up evidence if he knew of any. The town marshal was not in sym pathy with the lynching did all he could to prevent it and would help all he could to ferret it out: but was busy with collecting taxes. As to the third question the opin ion of three of those present was that the lynching was done by country people and of four that the crowd that did it was mixed; but by four that the country people predominat ed, because nobody could be missed from the town after Morrison was taken from the guard house. This last is the opinion of the great ma jority of the townspeople to whom I talked. After interviewing the town officers. I requested the 'town marshal to go to every business place and an nounce that I would remain at the council chamber until 5 o'clock p. m. (taking 30 miutes for dinner) and wanted to confer with anyone who would give me any assistance. I] urged the marshal not to pass by a single man, if possible. As a resulti six persons called on me, one of them a member of the jury of inquest on the lynching of Morrison. This member of that jury had taken a hand in a lynching bee to the extent of voting to hang the culprit; but this was for the usual -(?) crime. Of all six none knew anything except as "they say." I tried to meet The State's corres pondent, sent word to him and went to his office. He was out of towvn. I asked for and tried to find a friend of the dead man, outside of his own family. If there was one he would not own it. One man spoke kindly of Morrison. and a man who had know him longest and best. The following are my conclusions William Floyd was a good, average citizen, sober and popular, and of a popular and influential family. John T. Morrison was cross-grained and killed two negroes (excusably or in1 excusably), had been acquitted and had had trouble with several other people, drank, had no family nor in luence. His killing Floyd was an I awful murder and the community's murder of him more awful still, in that the consience of the er mmu nity- is debauched with his blood which will not be w-iped out for half I century. Morrison was a bad man; )ut not as black as painted The jury )f inquest is from the country. From he foregoing facts if the jury does iot take it into its head to vindicate he law by ferreting it out the state s powerless. There is nothing, it eems to me, to be accomplished by he state's officers, unless ihe jury and :oroner invite them back. We can tssist the county; but can't take :harge of it. I am trusting that after :he first shock of the lynching has )assed the conscience of the law tbiding element of that county will -evive, and something may be done ret to bring these parties to trial. Nhen I hear from you I will instruct :he jury of inquest to close up its work. I don't want to be a party to L farce. Very respectfully, J. K. Henry, Solicitor Sixth Circuit. Another little custom of Senator Eoar's was having one of his Judi :iary committee clerks from his 1ative town of Concord, Mass., al :hough his own home was in Wor :hester. To his Concord clerk he .as almost as much a father as a su >erior. It is told of him in Washing ton that when some newspaper isked for a photograph Senator Hoar aid to William Garland, a former Concord clerk, now United States :istrict attorney: "Garland, you just go over and sit For that picture." Then, by way of xplanation, he added: "You seen, Garland, is better looking than I, so when any one asks for my picture I iave him sit. Then my chief clerk, Goodwin, is a better penman, and when people write for my autograph [ have him answer. Then Doherty, rny doorkeeper, he's a better and readier talker than I, so I always re Fer interviewers to him; he'll talk to them." You Will Not Be Sorry. For being courteous to all. For doing good to all men. For speaking evil of no one. For hearing before judging. For holding an angry tongue. For thinking before speaking. For being kind to the distressed. For asking pardons far all wrongs. For being patient towards every body. For stopoing the ears to a tale bearer. 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