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DIXON MAKES HEATED
ANSWER TO GRITICS
HARMONY CAN'T BE GAINED
The "Clansman" Will Stand or Fall
On Portrayal of Character
of Thaddeus Stevens.
Thomas Dixon, Jr.. whose recent
novel on Recoun .ruction. "The Clans
man," is being very generally and
somewhat heatedly discussed in the
north, has written a defense of him
self and of his ook which appears in
the New York Times Saturday Re
view of Books -f February 24. Mr.
Dixon's letter is red hot, being couch
ed in the dramatic language of which
he is past master. It will be read
with great in:erest in this section.
New York Times Book Review:
Permit me a few words of reply
to some critics of "The Clansman."
Mr. Edwin L. Shuman of the
Chicago Record-Herald, whom I re
gard as one of the best critics in
America, says that my portrait of
Thaddeus Stevens as "Austin Stone
man" is a gross caricature.
Will Mr. Shunan print verba:im
the bill and speech of Stevens which
provided for the confiscation of the
property of the south, its division
among the negroes and the reimburs
ing of himself for his burned mills
and then defend his character? This
speech is on page 203. Congressional
Globe, March 1867, and was delivered
two years after the close of the war
while the south was yet in her life
and death struggle with starvation.
(Henry Timrod. the poet, died of in
sufficient nourishment in Columbia,
October 7. 1867.)
The following words will identify
"The laws of war authorize us to
tak- this property by our sovereign
power. You behold at your feet a
conquered foe, an atrocious enemy!
We have the right to impose confis
cation of all their property-to im
poverish them. This is strict law and
Agood common sense. To this issue I
devote the small remnant of my life."
No biographer of Mr. Stevens has
ever dared to print his speeches.
Why? This speech is the one su
preme act of his life-an act which
lights with the glare of immiortal in
famy his whole character and career.
I have not caricatured him. It was
necessary to soften, humanize and
idealize his character to make it fit to
print. My owvn errors are on the sloe
of mercy. Let my c.-itics put a fin.
ger on a single lone, page, scene or
insinuation in "The Clansman"~ in
which I do him injustice.
My book will stand or fall as a con
tribution to the history of Recon
struction on this character. Unless
I have sketched him with honesty
and accuracy I ;have committed a
crime. I rest the book on this issue.
The Outlock declares that I have
deliberately prostituted such talents
as I possess to arouse the worst pas
sions of my readers, made a case of|
all devils against all angels, and that
my book will retard the harmony so
eminently desirable between the
north and south. Surely not! Could
a literary fake written by a deliber
ate intellectual prostitute, retard any
thing: Tt is a psyc hological impossi
bility for a fakir to write a book of
power unless endowed wit h superhu
man mind. I protest against such
Nor is the case of all angels against
all devils true. T sketch five negro
characters, two good. LWO bad and
one humorous. I dIraw full length
the characters of the two great re
publican leaders-Lincoln andI Stev
ens-one good and one bad. Should
a reviewer deliberatelv try to dlecieve
his readers even to promote harmony
betwveen the north and~ the south ?
Can harmony be gained by false
The Outlook assumes that myv~
facts are true, but says: "Let's hush
it uip-~it's over now and we're asham
ed of it."' Is it so? Hear this choice
deliverance of calm philosophic crit
ism from the Boston Transcript:
"He reaches the acme of his sec
lional passions when he exalts the
Kuklux Klan into an association of
southern patroits, wvhen he must
know, or be strangely ignorant of
American history that its members
ere as arrant ruffians, desperadoes
.d scudreis as ever went unhang
D it ever o)ccur to The Outlook
hat I may be trving to reach darkest
>Ew nglall with a few rays of
;outhern sunlight? One of the best
)reachers in Boston. a man of the
;weetest Christian character, a lead
*r 4)f evangelical Christianity, whose
;ermons The Transcript prints on
\iondavs was a Klu Klux clansman,
md at this writing is still unhanged
ind very popular in Boston. Has
Phe Transcript mo-ed to Salem?
My father is a venerable minister
)f Christ. He has built 20 flourish
ng Baptist churches in Piedmont,
'arolina. in a pastorate of 6o years.
-e is one of those "desperadoes" and
s still uhanged. I could give the
,ames of a thousand of these "ruf
ians" wli are t-day among the nob
est men in America.
The Outlook was founded by Mr.
3eecher to promote Christian union.
N"ill my father vote even to unite
vith his northern brethren of the
ame faith so long as such experts in
gnorance as the Boston Transcript
each that in saving the civilization of
he south he was a ruffian, desperado,
Is it possible to promote harmony
)v a lie?
I am no sectional fanatic, but a cit
zen of New York, with scores of
varm friends in the great rushing
iorth. Their support has given me
ny success in life. This is my coun
ry-the whole of it from sea to sea
mnd from Alaska to the Keys of Flor
da. I love the people of the north
tmd I have promised that if God gives
ne strength they shall know mine
wn people of the south and love
hem too. Is this a crime? I am writ
ng out of the fullnes of life the story
)f my father and mother and breth
-en. It is an authentic human docu
nent. In these books I am gii;ng
itterance to the deepest soul convic
:ion of iS,ooo,ooo southern people oh
:his the darkest problem of our cen
:ury. Can there be harmony until we
mnderstand each other?
You cannot "hush up" the history
>f a mighty nation. This is no dead
ssue. The president of the United
tates devoted his whole speech to
t on Lincoln's birthday. We have
ot settled the negro problem. We
ave not dared to face it as yet.
One of my critics accuses me of
>uying a house and yacht out of the
-oyalties of my books. Is seems a
ity to destroy this fairly tale, but it
nay ease his pain. I have a beauti
ul home and a modest yacht, but I
>ought and paid for them before I
ad written a book. Yachting is a
means of economy and health with
ne, not luxury. My wife and child
en are as passionately fond of the
ovater as I am, and we live cheaper
)a The boat than on the shore. May
[mildly ask if it is immortal, or even
i violation of the canons of art to
Another critic is very angry be
:ause I do not write like Thomas
Nelson Page. How can I help it?
\r. Page has never asked me to
write his books. I couldn't do it ii
[ tried, and I wouldn't do it if I
Whether "The Clansman" is liter
ature or trash is a question about
which I am losing no sleep. This
generation will not decide it, and iin
the next I'll be dead and it will noi
Mv ideal of work is very simple
to do my level best every time, and
tr to express my story in the mosi
powerful manner possible. The mosi
p .;erful way is always the most ar
::sne way, for art is the appeCal to the
intellect, through the emotions
Wheni a critie says my boo0k is one o1
"marve" 1- power.' but "thoroughly
inar:istic." I dlon't try to understand
him or answer him. I give it up. He
is talking in an unknown tongue ot
he is beyon td my dlepth.
I never write a boo0k unless I have
sonething to say, and never say i1
as long as I can keep from it. Wher
at last I have become so full of m
grea. dramatic idea that I feel I shall
ie unless it is uttered, that others
may know the might of its truth and
the glory of its beauty, I write the
tor--write it simply, sincerely
This may not be "literature." but !
hae my reward-and it is large fi.
nancially, and larger spiritually. Out
of the depths of the Unseen these
passiae crie of the heart come
Dack in echoes wet wih tears an
winged with hopes. and life become
a j wile as is the world that hold
the.e kindred souls and deep as is th
secrets of their hearts which are als
And I am content.
I owe much to my critics. The
are all my goodfriendsandnonemor
so than mine enemies among then
This challenge I wave to them wit
a smile and a friendly greeting.
Thomas Dixon, Jr.
New York, Feb. 24,1905.
From the best tested seeds. Noi
ready for shipment, large, strong
healthy, these plants are grown i
the open air and will stand sever
;reeze without injury. Early Jerse
Wakefield, Large Type or Charlesto
Wakefield, which are the best know
varieties nf early cabbages, also Her
derson's Succession, the best larg<
late and sure header, Augusta Earl
Trucker, also a fine type of late va
riety. Neatly packed in ligb
baskets. $r.50 per i,ooo; for fiv
thousand or over $1.25 per i,ooo F. C
B. express office. Special price
made on large~lots.
Chas. M. Gibson,
Young's Island, S. C.
Rowland 6 Spearman & Co,
Wants and Offerings.
We want: Three houses and lot
near town or a suitable place to buil
at once, can pay cash.
A farm near Jalapa, S. C., abot
A farm near Little Mountain, S. C
and one close to any good rail roa
We can use in limited lots the fo'
$6,ooo-One two story wood fram
store house fronting on Main an
McKibben streets, right in the bus:
ness portion of our city, suitable fc
large General Merchandise business.
$3oo-One new (practically) bric
making machine and automatic cu1
$3,5oo-One ten room dwellin
house containing two (2) acres
well improved land, good well an
city artesian water, shade and tenar
house, situated in that part of tow
known as "High Point," the most d<
sirable and fashionable part of ot
city. One mile from business po:
$3,50-One ten room residenc
containing one half acre and frontin
the Lutheran church within ot
block of the Graded schools, fot
blocks from the business portion<
the town and one half mile frot
$2,000-One entire block bounde
by four streets two blocks from but
iness portion of town and cou:
house, adjoining Graded school at
Lutheran church, containing or
acre, two small tenant houses c
property, which rent for $14.00 pI
month. (A bargain.)
$6,ooo New two room house ar
ten acres, one mile from town. Parn
dcsires to move nearer to town.
$1.Soo-Six room house two bloci
from business part of town lot 55xIl
feet and fronting one of the princip;
$.3.ooo-Eight room house on 3
acre lot, 1-2 mile from business po
ti.n of town. r-4 mile of colleg
short distance to churches, supplic
with artesian water, good orchar
fine fruit and plenty of shade, as fir
a residence as in the town.
$4.ooo-One eight room dwellin
two acre lot, fine orchard.
$9.000-8S 1-2 acres containing or
of the most desirable residencesi
the town. Tnside finished in hat
wood. Artesian and well water, nic
garden and pasture, beautiful law~
and shade trees, vineyard, orchar
pecan and walnut trees, tenant hous
barn stables, etc.. about one mi
from business part of town. Situate
on highest part of town.
S8oo-Each for four room cottag
all adjoining one half mile from tow
containing artesian water in eac
house, rent for 7-50 per month eac]
$1,800-Cash 4 acres, containin
ten teant ousanes, that rent for$2an.
d per annum. This is a 14 per cent.
investment for someone. One and
s a half miles from town.
Carlonton Oil Mill Co. Carlonton,
Cross Hill Oil and Hoisery Mill,
e Cross Hill, S. C.
Clinton Cotton Mills Clinton, S.
Lydia Cotton Mills, Clinton, S. C.
Greenwood Cotton Mills, Green
wood, S. C.( Common,)
Mollohon Cotton Mfg. Co. (Com
Newberry Cotton Mill (Common.)
V Carolina Mfg. Co. 7 per cent. pre
Remember, We are the people who
e keep in close touch with every thing,
making a specialty of Stocks, Bonds,
Real Estate and Mortgages.
You deal through your local fne
Long distance telephone 200 Call
or write today.
R. G. Sperman, Manager.
Can be had by purchasing your Cab
bage plants from us. They are growi
in the open air and not in a hot house;
* they can, therefore, stand extremely
cold weather without injury.
Our seed was selected from the best
seed houses in the business, and we
are prepared to furnish the best
plants to be had.
Prices $1-50 per thousand in lots
s less than 5,000; $1.25 in lots over 5,ooo
d and less than io,ooo, and special prices
on larger orders.
t Plants shipped by express C. 0. D.,
unless cash accompanies order. Or
ders promptly filled.
SANDERS & LEMACKS,
RITTER, S. C.
d THE SOUTH'S GREATEST SY
r UNEXCELLED DINING CAR %
k THROUGH,PULLMAN SLEEPI
g CONVENIENT SCHEDULES 0:
WINTER TOURISTS' RATES
-For full informatien as to rates, ro'
Railway Ticket Agent, or
R. W. HUNT,
d AIR -LINE'
NORTH - SOUTH
Two Daily Pullman Ves
Between SOUTH ar
The Best Rates and Rot
oVia Richmond and i
Norfolk and Steam
.4 Louis, Chicago, Nea
Points South and Souths
d and Jacksonvi]le and
PoSSlTVELy THE SHOlF
'For detailed Information
d Iman reservations, etC., appQ
eboard Air Line Railway, or J
"Passenger Agent, Columbia,
Ic. F. STEWART, A
W. L BURROUGIISTrav.
Why use gelatine and -
peud hours soaking, qjrj.j
;weetening, flavoring 404-04-0
md coloring when M
produces better results in two minutes'
Everything in the package. Simply addhot
water and set to cooL It's perfection. A sur-.
prise to the housewife. No trouble, less ex
pense. Try it to-day. Flavors: Lemon,
Drange,, Strawberry, Raspberry, Choclate>
md Cherry. At grocers. 10f.
Dr. R. M. Kennedy,
Newberry, - S. C.
OVER NATIONAL BANK.
(Schedule in Effect January 23, 1905.)
,v. Newberry...........36 p. m.
Lr. Laurens 1.42 P. m.
No. 2. No. j6.
Daily. -Ex. Sun.
,v. Laurens .............50 p. m. 6-5p. n-.
Lr. Greenwood............... 2.46 p. m. 8.35 p. m.
Lr. Augusta............. 5.20 p. m.
Lr. Anderson ....... ..7.10 p. m.
No. 3o. No.-42
.v. Augusta.............10.30 p. m 2 35P. M..
Lr. Allendale. ...... 112.27 p. In. 430 P. m
Lr. Fairfax .... ... 12.39 p. I. 4.41 P.
Lr. Charleston ........ 7.40 P. In.
Lr. Beaufort .........6.30 1P. in.
Lr. Port Royal................ 6.40_p. mn..
Lr. Saanh.....2.50 a mn. 6.*5 p. ino
Lr. Waycross...... 60o5 a.mi. zo.oo p. n.
Lr. Jacksonville........... 8.40 a. m ....
No.! I No. 21..
. Laurens....... .2.07 P. In. p. ..
kr. Spartanburg .........3.30 P. 7.45 p. M.
NO. 52. N-0. 87.
Daily. I Jb fto.
t.v. Laurens............ 209 P. M. 6.00 p. m.
kr. Greenville .............. 3.25 P. _ . 1020 a. In.
Through Pullman Car Service-betweez- A-*
pista and Jacksonville, Fa.
H. GASQUE, Agt., Laurens, S. C.
;E. T. BRYAN, Gen't Agt., Greenville. S. C.
NEST WILLIAMS, G. PasN. Agt.,AugUsaG&..
. M. EMERSOND, Traafic Manager.
NG CARS ON LLL THROUGEE7
SALL LOCAL TRAINS.
sta and Jaksnviefctt F a llord.
.ts eH .;SQE cAgt earest S . r~
DEv.sio PEAs enge Agrenile; .C
CREThIL A leston Sg.gut,..
ite now all Eastet tial orda
2s, Lt. osvillear Sther
,! Oivisi nse nd Aent
- EST - BEWEST. I
rt to ay aern tesea
st Lounisville, ASt.,
wH Orlas.n l
all ponts in Florid