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VOL. XLII. NO. 4(3 NEWBERRY, S. C., FRJDAY tARCII 10. 1 905. TWICK~ A WEEK, SI .50) A YE AR JAPANESE YICTORIOUS IN TERRIBLE BATTLE BLOODIEST BATTLE OF PRES ENT WAR. Fighting Lasted More Than Ten Days-Casualties Will Far Exceed ioo,ooo. Tokio. March 8.-Advices received here indicate that Gen. Kuropatkin is badly beaten in the bloodiest battle of the present war. Mukden. March 8. 4.30 a. m.-The Russian army is evacuating its posi tions south of Mukden. Mukden, March 8. io a. m.-A heavy cannonading is in progress northwest of this city, causing the walls of houses here to tremble. An engagement is in progress at the imperial tombs. Washington, March 8.-The state department is officially informed from Tokio that the Japanese have achieved a great victory before Muk den and that the Russian army is in full retreat. The casualties are num erous on both sides. St. Petersburg, March 9, 3 a. m. The battle of Mukden, which has been in progress for more than ten days, ha; resulted in a Russian de feat. Field Marshal Oyama has once more proved himself one of the great est masters of offensive strategy since Napoleon, while Gen. Kuropat kin is now engaged in endeavoring to defend his title as a master of suc cessful re:reats and bring off his army with its immense train safely to Tie pass, where a position was long ago prepared with this contingency in view. The problem-before the Rus sian commander-in-chief is more dif ficult than the one he met success fully at Liao Yang, since now he is threatened on both flanks, his left wing being entangled in a mountain ous region far from the railroad. Nevertheless Russian military men here express a fair degree of confi dence in Gen. Kuropatkin's ability once more to extricate his army and avoid a Russian Sendan. Besides his skill in rearguard action they base their hopes on the physical condition of the Japanese soldiers who, though they are conceded to be the greatest marchers in the world, are wvell nigh exhausted by their strenuous endeav ors of the last fortnight. Only to the initiated is the news of the reverse positively known at this time. Emperor Nicholas and high military officers of course were -in formed by Gen. Kuropatkin's tele gram of Tuesday stating tersely that Mukden mnust be adandoned and they received details of the withdrawal as they appeared in excised positions of the official dispatches given out yes terday. Last evening a newspaper contained a vague report of doubtful origin credited to Chinese sources but the first positive statement was derived from the Associated Press dispatch from Gen. Kuroki's head quarters, the contents of wvhich was quickly telegraphed to many liberals from friends abroad. The report probably will not be printed in this morning'; papers, the government, true to its policy of breaking bad news gently, only preparing the way by authorizing the publication of a number of premonitory telegrams. The news, however, is only what was expected, ultimate retirement having been discounted from the moment Oyama inaugurated his brilliant move westward. Anticipated Retirement. From information in the possession of the Associated Press it is known retirei ient before the beginning of the b),ttle, and that he had hoped to accomplish it without a serious com l.t. The Japanese. however. forced him to accept battle. The (ouble turning movement compelled him to send the maior part of his reserves to the fighting line and rendering an cf tective counterstroke )it of the qties tin. and the decision to retire was immediately taken on March 6. as was stated by the Associated Press on that day. Withdrawal was actual ly begun during the night. The great question now, and over which the general staff burned its lights late in to the night, is whether Field Mar sh] Oyama has entangled the Rus sians in his strategic net sufficiently to prevent a successful retreat to Tie pass. Gen. Rennenkamff's force to the eastward admittedly is in great dan ger of being cut off and a considera ble force of Japanese appears to be operating on the Russian right well toward Tie pass. If the Japanese succeed in reaching the railroad and interrupting traffic if only for a few hours it may have the greatest con sequences for Gen. Kuropatkin, who is now engaged in a race with the Japanese to reach the naturally de fensible position of 40 miles north ward. Thus far he has stood off all attacks directly against the flanks of his army and holds the way of retreat open. He undoubtedly was forced to abandon a number of -siege guns on his Shakhe position, but if he suc ceeds in turning over the army intact, wvith the principal portion of its artil lerv train, to his successor the Rus sian case will be by no ficans des perate. for Oyama will again have missed his quarry and a comparative ly barren victory will have been pur chased at enormous cost of life. All reports indicate that the Japa nese were utterly reckless of sacri fices, making attack after attack, and especially on the centre and west ward against machine guns and in fantry fire which literally mowed down the advancing column, making human flesh so cheap that the survi vors could bastion themselves behind piles of corpses. After this action Gen. Kuropatkin's deposition may be regarded as cer tain. War Minister Sakharoff is pick ed as his probable successor, though Drand Duke Nicholas Nicholaevitch or a board of strategists may be en trusted with the direction of affairs. A strong faction of the army, those high in influence about the emperor. opposed Gen. Kuropatkin from the first, and though his early defeats were condoned because it was realiz ed that Gen. Kuropatkin was doing all that man could do wvith the tools at his command, it is now felt that after twice having had the opportuni ty to showv what he could do with a powerful army, and having failed to accomplish victory either time, his removal is advisable. A high military official said last night that the emperor had had enough of a general whose interpre tation of a victory was a successful retreat. Casualties Exceed roo,ooo. Tokio. March g, 6 a. m.--The.great battle in Manchuria raged all day yes terday along the entire enormous front. The Japanese were generally victorious, and they drove the Rus sians from a series of important po sitions. By nightfall it seemed im perative that Gen. Kuropatkin would have to withdrawv his shattered le gions and avoid a complete disaster. Indeed, it appeared impossible for him to effect a retreat without heavy loss of prisoners, guns and stores. The continuous battle is already the bloodiest of the war. Upon the ground that Gen. Oku alone gained lie 8,ooo Russian dead. The reports from the other armies are expected to triple this figure. It is estimated that the Japesoe have lost 50,000, making the Ilaughter far exceed Ioo,ooo m . Details of the combat are lack hi. it is believcd that the Japa nese cu,it the railway north of Mukden icaving only the roadways and a light raiway frni Fushun to Tic pass as avenues for the retreat of the Rus sans. but, army headquarters refrain froin aftirming or denying a report to that effect. It is thught that Mukden is still in the hands of the Russians. WAREHOUSES FOR COTTON. Meeting of Warehouse Con ittee Cotton Growers' Associr tion. Columbia. March 9.-The ware house committee met in Columbia on Tuesday and permanently organized by electing E. W. Robertson chair man and Mr. F. H. Weston secretary. An insurance expert in the person of Mr. E. G. Seibels and a represen tative of Architect C. C. Wilson's of fice were called in to give estimates as to the insurance rates and the cost of erecting warehouses throughout the state. Mr. Seibels said that by special ar rangements a rate of one-fourth of one per cent. might be obtained on cotton stored in well protected ware houses. Of course the warehouses would have to be protected with sprinklers and be of the most approv ed style. The architect said that these ware houses could be built 40 by ioo feet, with gravel roof and best pattern for $i.200. the sprinkler system to cost about 25 per cent. more. Such a house would have a capacity of i,ooo bales. A oo-bale capacity warehouse could be built for $Soo. If storage for any more than i,ooo bales is required sep arate warehouses should be built. The resolution by Mr. Burnett was adopted: "That it is the sense of this com mittee that we recommend to every community in South Carolina, where the necessity for ware houses exists, to build these ware houses through their own efforts or by outside assis tance if proffered, or if possible to attain then at a cost of from $80o to $1,200, with a storage capacity, re spectively of from 500 to i,ooo bales of cotton." Mr. LeRoy Springs, of Lancaster, introduced the following, which was adopted: "That we urge upon the farmers the importance of storing their cot ton promptly on being ginned in the standard ware houses where they can get negotiable ware house receipts, thus saving it from loss in weight and damage and putting it in negoti able shape so that they will not be forced to market it except at their own pleasure, as it has been demon strated by the action of the New Or leans convention that irrespective of the size of the crop, by the judicious marketing of the cotton, reasonable prices can be maintained, which can only be accomplished by the effective ware house system." On motion of Mr. E. D. Smith this was added to the resolution: "Any information as to construc tion or outside assistance can be ob tained by communicating with the Columbia office of the Southern Cot ton association. Resolved. That a copy of this reso lution be filed in this office and that a copy be given to the press with the request that all county papers copy The committee then adjourned to meet again at the call of the chair man. A donkey knows when he has enough-unless he is a two-legged one. It's easier to make promises during courtship than it is to make good af SAYINGS AND DOINGS OF PROSPERITY PEOPLE SECOND PRIMARY NECESSARY FOR INTENDANT. Missionary Society of Grace Church Elects Officers-Personal Mention. Prosperity. March g.-At the an nual meeting of the Woman's Home and Foreign Missionery society of Grace church the following officers were elected for the ensuing year: President, Mrs. H. S. Boozer. Vice president, Mrs. W. A. Lutz. Treasurer. Miss Minnie Cannon. Recording secretary. Miss Della Bowers. Corresponding secretary, Miss Blanche Kibler. Mr. Jno. L. Cook has his new steel roof on his roller mill and is putting in the machinery. Mr. S. L. Fellers, of Prosperity, had the contract for the roof. Mr. Jas. Monts, of St. Lukes, is suf fering from an attack of acute rheu matism. Dr. Berly Epting, a prominent phy sician of Greenwood, has been on a visit to his sister, Mrs. G. M. Ables, of our town. Mrs. Jacob Singley, who has been quite sick for some weeks, was laid to rest in the cemetery of St. Pauls church on Wednesday. She was in her 7oth year. Mrs. Singley was twice married and leaves eight sur viving C'iildren and a number of grand children to mourn her depar ture. The funeral exercises were conducted by the Rev. J. A. Sligh, assisted by the Rev. P. H. E. Derrick. Rev. Mr. Dale, missionary of the A. R. P. church to Mexico, preached two very interesting sermons in the A. R. P. church here Sunday. Mr. Dale is canvassing the church in the interest of a training school for young men in Mexico. Messrs. George Harmon, Raymond Fellers and Oscar Simpson spent Sunday at home. Mr. C. F. Lathan, of Little Moun tain, was in town Tuesday. Mr. S. S. Birge, who has purchased Little Mountain, has been down there this week proving his purchase. Mrs. Quattlebaum has gone on a vsit to her son at Bamberg. Mrs. J. W. Blanton has returned to her home in .Graniteville. after a plelasanlt visit :o the parental home. The Sorosis will give their play, -r. Bob."' Fritiay night. Admission' 25 cents and TO cents. A pleasant time is in store for all who attend. The Sorosis will give its annual banquet in the city hall on Friday evening, March 17. Mr. P. D. Simpson is expected home next week from his work in the Atlanta College of Pharmacy. Mr. L. C. Merchant is now with Hawkins Bros., in the machine de partment. Miss Amanda Lee, after a pleasant visit to her sister, Mrs. Boyd, has re turned home. The primary election passed off quietly with a fine vote polled. The result of the election was: For intendant, Dr. Jacob S. Wheel er, 5o; Dr. E. N. Kibler, 50. Warden--A. H. Hawkins, 56; S. S. Birge. 55: D. WV. Boland 53: W. T. Gibson, 49: J. B. Fe!le'rs, 48: S. L. Fellers. 37: G. M. Ahles. 48: J. P. Bowers, 54. Messrs Hawkins, Birge, Boland and Bowers were nominated Drs.j Wheeler and Kibler will run the race over on next Tuesdlay. There was quite a little sensation in town WVednesdlay. It was a case of two souls with but a single thought; two hearts that beat as one. Mr. Ambrose Wessinger was married to Mss: Agne Lyband by Rev P. H. E. Derrick, at the St. Phillips par stnage. in town. Our congratulations to the happy couple. THEIR BONDSMEN LIABLE. When Constables, Acting in Offi cial Capacity, Exceed Their Authority. The sate supreme court has de cided that a constable's bond is liable - the civil side for damages. This leaves to juries the right to fix dam ag .. For comiplaints on account of the co-(1uct of dispensary constables. The Wieters case from Charleston is generally known of and the su preme court decided that all of the bonds of the dispensary constables are liable in the pending suits. The suits were brought by Mr. J. P. K. Bryan, of Charleston, and he has thus far won in his contention that the bondsmen were liable. The opinion in the case was ren dered by Associate Justice Ira B. Jones. There were t1hree separate cases, all of which were decided in the one opinion. The action in each case was against one of the state dis pensary constables. The circuit court refused the motion 'a each case to strike out certain portions of the complaint, and an appeal was taken by the constables interested, through their attorneys. The paragraph in the complaint to which exception was taken by the counsel for the defendents recited tha: May was under bond for $500 for the faithful performance of his duty as a constable and that on the night of August 22, 1903, he committed a breach of the said bond by violently assaulting Wieters. The constables moved to trike out all reference to the bond as irrelevant, on the ground that the bond was not liable for the damages resulting from the assault. The circuit judge refused on the ground that the bond was liable for damages. occasioned by the acts of the constable, where he exceeded his lawful authority. This is affirmed by the supreme court. The court says: "If an officer, a state constable, while attempting to exercise some duty of his office, abuses or exceeds his au thority or executes it in an unlawful manner to the injury of another, his bond is liable. To illustrate: If a state constable, in an attempt to dis charge a duty of his office in the seiz ire of contraband liquor or the ar rest of one openly violating the dis pensary law, should, without just ex cuse, commit an assault and battery, or. if in overcoming resistance he should so exceed .his duty as to be come the aggressor in an assault and battery to the injury of another then there is liability on his bond. But an assault and battery, committed by a constable under a bold assumption and usurpation of authority, without process and authority of any kind, would not be covered by the terms of his bond." Elliott Dexter, the leading man with Miss Florence Davis in "The Player Maid," is one of the handsom est young leading men on the stage, and has the face and figure generally considered characteristic of a matinee idol. H'e is a conscientious and tal ented young actor, who has won a place for himself in his chosen pro fession. I-e is by birth a Texan, and is very popular through the south. A woman is always sure she knows some old-fashioned remedy that would cure her husband's headache if she could only remember what it is. There is something wrong in the home that is not the shappiest place on earth. Some jeople never enjoy themselves unless they are getting out an in junctin on -anther's happiness.