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CASUALTIES AT MUKDEN.
The Bloodiest of Recent Battles And Greatest of Modern Times. Philadelphia Public Ledger. Although the official estimates of the losses at the battle of Mukden have very matcrially modified the figures cabled while the smoke still hung over the field the results do not alter the main fact that this was the most terrible battle in modern his tory. The figures with which we shall probably have to be content scaled down more than half the first reports of the Russian casualties. and have very much increased the figures which record the price paid by the Japanese for their victory; but, with all these modifications, the aggregate of men engaged and the total number of killed and wounded establish new and horrid records in the annals of war. We a- still forced to deal in un certain quantities as to the exact number of the combatants. Com manders in the field do not -take the world, and especially the enemy, into their confidence as to their strength. and, where numbers are mentioned at all, we may be sure they are given wit-h a view to their effect, either understating or overstating the actual truth. This is notably the case in the matter of losses, and this has made the comparison of great battles a diffi cult and uncertain business. It is related of General Sherman that in his later years, when he wanted to put the truth on record, he asked the war department for figures based on something more trustworthy than the contemporary reports. "We were all liars in those days," he said. Dependence must be had, therefore, upon the opinions of the experts who have followed the course of events in Manchuria and upon the meagre scraps of information which have filtered out from time to time from Tokio and St. 'Petersburg. From these it is safe to assume that) not less than Soo.ooo soldiers were employed on both sides. with the probability that the real aggregate was somewhat larger-allowing 588, ooo as the strength of Kuropatkin's forces and 450,000 to the armies under Oyama. No such battle array as this has been formed within the peri od of trustworthy written history, the figures quoted in connection with the Greek wars being too uncertain to afford any basis for comparison. In Great I Kit We have the best stoc of Furniture ever offere in Newberry. Salesroot and warehouse are ful and we mu: t have rooi for our fall stock, whic we have already ordere Furniture, Rugs, Ma tings, Lace Curtain Stoves, and all othi household goods are stock. We also have tP celebrated Wheeler Wilson Sewing M achin and Newman Bros'. 0 gans. Bed Room Suits frcm $15 to $1 Side Boards " $10 to $ Lounges and Couches $8 to $ Iron Beds from $4 to $ Hail Racks "$6 to $ Mattresses "' $2 to $ K IBL ziie ei war :tne 6o'! there was n-.hing which appr ached the scale ot these vast operations, while in the Napoleonic wars and in the struggle between France and Germany a generation ago: the combined aggre gates on only two or three occasions reached or exceeded half the totals of the battle of Mukden. In the matter of losses the figures are again on an exceptionally terrible scale, as was to be expected in a series of desperately fought engage ments between more than 8oo.ooo men, stretched along an 8o-mile front. The Russians have admitted losses in killed, wounded, captured and missing of 89.662, while the Jap anese casualties were certainly n:ot less than 60.00. No such loses as these are found in the pages of history, if we consider nerely the aggregat.s: 46.ooo fell at- Blenheim. 75.ooo at Liepsic. 48.000 tO o.ooo at Waterloo. 43.ooo at Gettysburg and 30,000 at Chickamauga. The slaughter of human life at Mukden in the dawning era of inter national arbitration is sufticiently appalling: but Mukden for all that was no: so bloody in its results as were the great battles named. when we recall the numbers in action. The percentage of losses to the whole number engaged at the great Man churian battle was about 18. the victors being credited with 13 per cent. and the vanquished with 23 per cent. Yet at Blenheim the loss -eached the appalling proportion of 41 per cent. if our statistics can be trusted. At Leipsic the percentage is vari-ously placed, but in no case exceeded 26: at WNaterloo from 22 to 24: at Gettysburg 26, and at Chickamauga 27. These figures tend o bear out the contention of mili tary men that improvement of weap ons operates to decrease the ratio f losses. If we could analyze the fig ures in detail. it would probably be found that, while t-he element of personal endurance and bravery is as important a factor in war as it was in the days when hat:les were fought at cl-ser range. the actual number of killed bears, a smaller proportion the losses than ever before. and it is well recognized that the modern smail calibre hullet and the present day we(lical practice have greatly reduced the fatalities among the wounded. It sometimes happends that faith, hope and charity till the stage to the exclusion of gratitude. Bargal )ler, De~ k d -n 0 20 1 - SARAH SWIFT. Surely She Should Show Some Su perb Sewing Samples. Y(Muth's Companion. Sarah Swift sewt seams swiftly She saw some stylish serge sample! Sarah saved six samples, saying sh should secure stylish serge sui shortly. Sarah sewed steadily seven Satur days. She stitched such satisfactory salable shirts she soon saved sifficien silver. Sarah startedi shopping. Sh strolled slowly six squares. Seein several stores similarly situated. sh said s-oftly. "South street." So Sarai Swif: sehcted serge, sewing silk Six spools. Sleepy Sarah sewed serge slowh Supposing Sister Susan sleepy. Sara! tsaid. -Sleepy. Sister Susan?" Siste Susan smiled. Sleepy Sarah sooi slept soundly. Sister Susan softl: I lipped sleeping Sarah's serge, sewinj silk. scissors. She sat silently swiftly iewing Sarah's serge skiri Six seams securdly sewed shc Sarah, suddenly started. surprise, sat staring. seeing Sister Susan sit -:nz sewing seams swiftly. Sarah alutation surprised Sister Susar Sarah said. "Sweet Sister Susan sit ting sewing; selfish Sarah sleeping! Sister Susan. smiling. sa:d. "Suppe Sarah." Sarah soon spread supper. Salat salmon, sandwiclies, steaming sou Sist,r Susan saw. She stopped seN ing. Sumptuously she supped. Stylish serge satisfactorily sewe< Spring sunshine smiling. See swec Sarah (Sister Susan's sunbeam, s she says) strolling -lowly. smilin sweetly. Mysteries of the Brain. Samuel Hopkins Adams in McClure' American brain surgery started i a,a Massachuset:s stone quarry. A Irish laborer, jamming a crowb into a hole where part of a charge dxnamitC was lyingy in wait. pr( duced the logical result. :he cr m;ering the head at the SiIc of ti, an:a l projecting a f '.t )u: beyon the vault of the skull. The forema :: tfied the coroncr some one el nt fi) r a doctor. The (oct:.:r g< tere first. removed the crowbar an ok the patient to the -hospit we re. to the amazement of the e: reprofession. the man recovere Up4 to that time the brain substan< had been regarded as prohibit4 nSale nils &C DENI terr>r-;.- bt. ih-: d5ctor reasoned e a urgeon's knife can ge - whre a -ne-inch crowbar can pas with :t fatal results. . foman vh. criticises a wax 6g . re .n a "how window doesn't seern to realize. that she herself is nothing b but clay. t Confederate Reunion. The Southern railway announces very- 1w rates to Louisville, Ky.. and td return: on account of the Confederate Veterans Reunion, from the following points: Char:eston ..-......S14.05 Anderson .. ... .. .. 10.0o B!acksburg. .. .. .. . 10.15 Spartanburg.. ......9.55 Greenville ............10.20 Gree:nwood ..i...... 10.90 r Colmbia........ 11-45 Chester ..........10-75 F.,ally; as low rates from othev IPolit's. T: cets on sale June .10-13. inclu 'ive: limit :o June 19. 1905. AI extei : nay be had to July 10. b3 g ticket with joint agent a Louisvil!e. and upon payment ol ice at O cents. Sie trips from Louisville to point: incK:-:ky can b- mad-_ at very lou rr teables and Pullnan reservation con-oil: a.gens of Sotthern railway or R. W. Hunt. D. P. A.. Charleston. S. C. 1.1 Southern Railway Excursions. t The Sou:hern railway will sel o round trip tickets to the followins g pc.ints for special occasions: Tuskegee, Ala., Commencement ex ercises Normal and Industrial Insti tute. May 21-25, 1905. Rate: one an( one third fare. pius 25 cents. for th T round trip .rom all points. Niagara F.ils. N. Y.. Ancient Ara r bic Order of Mystic Shriners, Im pr.,ved C.11:ncil. J nel -23 . 19C R .e: one fare. pI"'s : : r ro n e Trn.On:.. \o:tofInter n J1ne 2037. T905. Rate on certificat e plan. TIot Springs. Va.. .\nnual conven d -in of the Southern'Hardware Jot be-s associtaion and American Hard vare Manufacturing associatior dJune 6-9. 1905. Rate: one first clas :fare, plus 25 cents for round trip fror :d all points. of Fi o., Main1 Calhoun. S. C., South Carolina State Summer School, June 21, July 19. 1905. Rate: one firs: class fare, plus 25 cents, for round trip from all points in South Carolina. Athens, Ga., Summer School, June 27 to July 28, 1905. Rate: one first class fare plus 25 cents for round trip. Knoxville, Tenn., Summer School, June 20 to July 28, i905. Rate: one fare plus 25 cents for round trip. Nashville, Tenn., Peabody Summer School and Variderbilt Bibical In stitute, June 14 to August 9, 1905. Rate: one fare plus 25 cents for round trip. Asheville, N. C., Annual Confer ence Y. M. C. A., June 9-25. Rate: one fare plus 25 cents for round trip. Asheville, N. C., Conference of Young People's Missionary associa tion. June 25 to July 2, 1905. Rate: one fare plus 25 cents for round trip. Denver. Col., Account International Epworth League convention. Rate very low, and will be given on appli catin. Asburv Park. N. J., Account of Na i :ional Educational association, July .3-7. Rate very low and will be given on application. Baltimore, Md., Account of the United Societv of Christian Endeavor Inter-national convention, July 5-10, T905. Rate: one first class fare, plus $I.oo for round trip. Buffalo. N. Y., Annual meeting of the Grand Lodge of B. P. 0. Elks, July 11-15, 1905. Rate: one first class fare, plus $i.oo for round trip. The Southern railway can ofer many other attractive rates. For full information consult any ticket agent, or R. W. Hunt, D. P. A., Charleston, S. C. NOTICE OF ELECTION OF TEACHERS. The school board of the- Newberry Graded Schools *vill on June 1st elect . the following: One superintendent of school, sal ary. $i.ooo a year. Eleven teachers, salary. $440.oo per . month for 9 months. One Principal for colored school, salary, $40.oo oper month for 9 months. - Four grade teachers for colored . school, salary, $25.00 per month for - 9 months. All .opplications to be submitted tc s F. N. Martin, $ecretary School Board. 2 F. N. Martin, Secretary. nittire! Rex, Regal, and the Southern Cotton Oil Co.'s Fine Felt Mattresses. Call and see our fine ine of H ammocks. We ,ave the best Mosquito ZCanopies. A splendid ine of Refrigerators--the ~ Nlorth Star is the best. Pictures and Picture 'raming a specialty. We have the best Sew ng Machine man in the :ounty, See him anid ex :hanige your old vibrat ng machine for a new MV. & W rotary -motion,. We are not selling at oost, but will give you a 3argain for the next thirty days.