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aas of People Who Have Gone
Without Food For Months.
ow long is it possible for man
. maintain life without food of any
.s::iption, liquid or solid? At
e moment -of writing a Vienna
&ion faster is trying th; experi
merv for three weeks; but this period
- as so far short of existing records
-ai the feat scarcely reaches the
d;rry of a fast. At the Aquarium
r- hunger artists," Signor Succi
we M. Alexandre Jacques, some
S'ar" ago tried for premier honors
i '.ngiand by abstaining from food
fr" orty-two days; and in the 8c a
ma. .amed Merlatti maintained
:e : and spirits for fifty days on
a .Sa-tan diet limited to sips of wa
. even such feats as these are
mer. pauses between meals compared
..with some of the feats of past genera
tio- ;f we are to believe contempo
-rary records. Thus we learn that a
young French girl, Christina Miche
lot, after an attack .of fever, was utter
ly =rable to swallow any form of
rood. and from Novemmber, 1751, to
july. 1755, swallowed nothing at all
. mc-re sustaining than water. Re
narkable to say, after nearly four
yea: s of this starvation diet she
grad::ally recovered her health and
Jived long in :he land. For a year
and three-quarters Katherine Mc
Le-d actually lived without partak
ing of any form of sustenance. Once
3arhrcg this period an attempt was
made :o force food down her throat,
aut the woman narrowly escaped
-suf tcation and :he attempt had to
A Harrogate girl of 12. one Ann
Wa:V lived for eighteen months on
1 dly glass of wine and water-a
-- ,n which she somehow man
age;: preserve health and good
-oke Moiica Mutcheria. a Swabian.
ope::: a whole year without swallow
ing either food or drink, and fot
three years she never slept; while
.Di Willan, an eighteenth, century
physician, had among his patients a
- monomaniac' who for sixty-one days
refused to touch food- of any descrip
tion. About the same time, too, we
are informed That a French peasant
boy ci Chateauroux was never known
.tc partake of -food during twelve
anonths, and yet was able to do a good
iay's work on his father's farm.
Dr. Plot. in h'is "Natural History'
* fl Staffordhire." tells a remarkable
-am1aa woman, one Mlary Wasugh
No or WVigginton. who appears to
nav reduced the problem of living
er e lowes-t material limits. T'hus.
sav :er historian. "she does not eat
m a ay apiece above the size of a
na - ':wn in bread and butter, or.
O res t above the iluantity of a
-. , zg at most." while her only
.:e\- was a sp)oofl of milk andI
wax cias And yet. althoug: this
*wa .\iary s modest fare year after
-vear, she 'is described as "a maiden
.3: :rs ar. :omplexion and healtthy
-:c ot the eighteenth century. one
'.c'n. Adams. lived for thir'y years.
S , ad. on a daily crust of bread
..a glass of water, and yet was
:r. or ihis muscular strength and
.ughing performances. Unfor
~ e do not know what John
- tne-n nobody was looking.
the two cases which follow we
o~ i more reliable ground, since
etc described are little more
- -emnarkable than those of our own
am,e. in 1771 a Stamford man made
a. wag-er of 1o pounds t!hat 'he would
meetc neither food nor drink for
m -.le days. an~d he won th'e bet
hiandsomely. T.he records, however,
arc silent as to the p.rice he afterwards
* a for his defiance of nature.
e ~.cond of these old-time fast
'he famous John Scott. of
ndale., whose fasts have sur
our own day, enshrined in
de. verse. John-s first experi
- a faster was when he was
ate for not paying his cr-edi
- dizn'an' wa= he that not
h y:w 1dy' The
- fea: aV abron:: and -he
e :tst the mnan ulnder
-.:he door was opened a: the
:hrityv-two days. John seemed
-*me the worse for his abstenation.
.r later years Scott exhibited h-is
tpe. and his fame became grea
throughout Europe. wfhile to crowr
his fasting performances. when he
was thrown into prison for railing
against one Henry VIII's divorces
he threw all his own records into the
shade by going without "bite or sup
for fifty days.
THE NEGRO'S OPPORTUNITY
He Must Prove Himself Willing to
Work, or Lose Out.
New York Tribune.
It is doubtless unjust to lay up
against the negro as his peculiar sin
the fact that the southern cotton
planter is loud in his demands for
more and more efficient labor. The
Kansas wheat farmer, the New York
dairyman. and the Massachusetts
housekeeper issue the same call.
When the officials of this state de
clare that 5,000 laborers are needed
in its fields, and from every section
04 the country come complaints that
efficient labor cannot be found. it is
not surprising that the negro does not
take to the cotton fields with desired
Nevertheless, when almost every
southern paper contains accounts of
European trips to secure white agri
cultural labor, and tells of the satis
factory work of Italians at cotton
raising. and the prospect of large im
migration from Southern Europe, it
behoves the friends and leaders of
the colored people to give attention
to their prospects. In vain is agita
ton to right social and political
wrongs for a people who forget to
preserve for themselves a place to
work and to win for themselves the
prosperity which will enable them to
enjoy their rights. The negro has
te first bid to do the work of the
coton fields. If he will do it effi
cientli he can have that privilege
forever. To him it will be the basis
of civih,zation and the door cf oppor
unity. It will be what school teach
ing was to the ambitious young New
Englander of fifty years ago, what
housework is to the gree immi
grant girl, who is very likely in a few
years has a comfortable home of her
own. But if he sacrifices this fortress
he surrenders his -future. There is
no other ready resource for the bulk
of the colored people, and if they de
sert the work which their white
eighbors will encourage them to do
and help them to become prosperous
n doing. they will forfeit a measure
f sympathy and protection which is
f the greatest importance.
The south is no longer satisfied
with the abuse of its fields. It is
awake to the demands of successful
agricultrure and to the dangers of
forieign competition in cotton grow
ing. lI is determined to maintain its
supremacy and to secure efficent
labor. A dispatch reports that the
largest planter in the Mississippi del
ta is nowv on his way to Europe. say
ing that he is convinced, after long
experience that the people of the
south must cease relying on negro
labor for cultivating cotcon. Of
course, the substitute .,f millions of
whites for millions of negroes on
the plantations is a matter of years,
and could never be carried out to
anything like completion. But every
substitution of this kind means loss
f opportunity to some negroes. not
mereciv to earn a living in the cotton
fields, but to establish themselves
on a firm foundation. Every negro
leader. every farm con-ference, and
every school should exert the utmost
influence to arouse the colored people
to do this work and to do it well.
Though the gr.2at mass of the negroes
ray be too old to acquire newv habits.
yet if on every plantation a few men
can be placed who will show the en
ergy and faithfulness attributed to
the incoming Italians, they can pre
serve this domain to their race.
The Color Of Gold.
The idea that gold varies somewhat
in color according to the locality in
which it is found is widely prevalent
er1t among iners andl money chang
ers and handlers in the gold produc
: e inits. hut such noinis. on
he authority of experts at the Phila
elphia mint. wvholly erronenos.
Pure gold-that is, goltd without
an- alloy or other impurity-is of
one unvarying, undhanging color
Few people. however, see such gold
All the gold of commerce used either
as mone of for je4melrv has alloy '
it after it is manufactured into h
desired articles. Even the nugget o
gold which is sometimes quite pure
is covered with dirt and stains of
the outside that conceal its future col
or, and all gold dust which is melte<
at the place of mining contains im
purities which go into the bar.
This is the reason why Mexicar
gold, for instance, has a redder ting<
than that of California, and the sam<
is true whether it be a piece of mon
ey or of jewelry. The red tinge is
caused by the presence of coppei
and the paler tinge by silver, and it
the mints of the different countrie
the amount and kind of alloy uset
differ sufficently to give differen
tints to the money.
LETTERS OF ADMINISTRATIO.N
State of South Carolina,
County of Newberry.
By John C. Wilson, Esquire, Probatc
Whereas, John L. Thomas hatl
made suit to me, to grant him letters
of administration of the estate of and
effects of David Thomas.
These are therefore to cite and ad
monish all and singular the kindred
and creditors of the said David Thom
as, deceased, that they be and appeai
before me, in the court of probate, tc
be held at Newberry on Wednesday
August 23rd, next after publication
thereof, at i o'clock in the forenoon
to show cause, if any they have. why
the said administration should noi
Given under my hand, this 7th day
of August, Anno Domini, 1905.
J. C. Wilson,
NOTICE OF FINAL SETTLE
MENT AND DISCHARGE.
Notice is hereby given that I will,
as administrator of the estate of Mary
A. Kinard, deceased, make a fnal set
:lement on the estate of said deceased
in the Probate Court for Newberry
County. on Wednesday, August 23
V o. and immediately thereafter ap
ply to said court for letters dismis
sorv as administrator of said estate.
All persons holding claims against
said estate will present the same, duly
attested, by that date.
Jas. D. Kinard,
NOTICE TO OWNERS OF DOGS.
Owners of dogs in the town of
Newberry, who have not paid the Ii
cense tax on dogs for the current
year, are notified that the policemen
have been instructed to summon themr
before the Mayor's court for trial for
violating the license law.
Geo. B. Cromer.
LETTERS OF ADMINISTRATION
IBy John G. Wilson, Esquire. Probate
WVhereas N. Victoria Taylor hati
made suit to me, to grant .her lettere
of administration of the estate of and
effec:s of Mary J. Summers.
These are therefore to cite and ad
monish all and singular the kindrec
and creditors of the said Mary J
Summers, deceased, that they be anc
appear before me. in the court o
probate. to be held at Newberry o1
Tuesday, August 15th, next after pub
lication thereof, at 11 o'clock in thc
forenoon, to show cause, if any t.hey
have, why the said administratio:
should not be granted.
Given under my hand, this 31st da:
of July. Anno Domini, 1go5
J. C. Wilson.
J.?P. N. C.
The undersigned have been duly
qualified as the executors of the las:
will -and testament of Mrs. S. E.
All persons indebted to the estate
of the said Mrs. S. E. Turnipseed wil
make payment at once, and all per
sons having claims against the estatt
of the said Mrs. S. E. Turnipseed wil
present the same, duly probated. a:
Notice is also given that we wiu
make a final settlement on the estate
of said deceased, in -the probate cour:
for Newberry county, on July 19, 1906
and will immediately thereafter appl.y
for a final discharge as executors o!
Joseph H. Hunter.
Newberry. S. C.,
New Business actually p
Premiums Collected -
Excess over the same pei
Death Claims paid - -
STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA,
COUNTY OF YORK.
Personally appeared before me
J. H. Miller, who, being duly
sworn, deposes and says that he
is Cashier of the Branch Office
of the Equitable Life, at Rock
Hill, S. C., and that the above
figures are correct, being taken
from the books at the close of
business May 1st, 1905.
J. H. MILLER,
Sworn to before me this 11th
day of May, 1905.
C. L. COBB,
MORAL:Insure in the
MORAL: " TheS
W. J. Roddey, Manag
R. C. BRUCE, Special A
whiskey _ _ Morphine C
H abit, I Habit, I
Cured by Keeley Institui
3:9 La dy St. (or O. Box 75 )Colunbia. S. C.
There is no n
Lungs out, wi
tie of Murray
lien and Tar.
A few doses of this Household
-.A positive cure for Infit
.T at.~ Anti-Spasmodic in C
THE MURRAY DRU
-Out of DatePum
Plumbing fixtures and
installed some years a
at that time, but so many improve
in sanitation that an old plumbing
but is a menace to the health of
which it is still in use.
Is Your Plumbini
Let us examine the condition
correct defective piping and instal
tures made, namely "Standai'd"
"$tandard" Ware is guaranteed.
be healhhy and more comfortabi
SC, C. DAVIS, N
S ENDING MAY 1, 1905.
aid for - - $973,548.00
- -. - 179,126.48
'iod of 1904 10,949.79
- - - - 133,029.20
Under date of May 1st. 1905,
"The number of policies issued
by the Society for the month of
April, 1905, is more than one
thousand in excess of the num
ber issued in April one year ago.
Our actual paid business thus far
this year is almost exactly $5,000,
000 ahead of the paid business of
the first four months of last year.
trongest in the World.
er, Rock fill, S. C.
ent, Newberry, S. C.
iarette I - All Drug and Tobacco
Habit, - Habits
te of South Carolina.
Cc ufidental correircondence so::cited.
eed of wearing your
ien you can get a bot
's Horehound, Mul
Remedy will give immediate re
eza, Bronchitis a:-d Dtseasses of
ing is Unhealthy gj 4
systems as made and
go were very efficient
ments have been made recently
system is not only unsanitary,
the occupants of the house in
g Out of Date ?
If so, the members
of your household are
constantly risking their
h e alth. Defective
plumbing ge n er ate s
Iu. germ-bearing s e w e r
gases which pollute the
atmosphere and cannot
help but be breathed by p
the occupants. Sewer
gas is dangerous and the
cannot long withstand
its ill effects.
of youm plumbing, in order to
I the best and most sanitary fix
Baths and One-piece Lavatories.
If this is done, your home will
. Ask for booklet "Modern
ewberry, S.C. )