Newspaper Page Text
V . XIE
VOL. XLII. NO. 108 NEWBERRY. S. C.. FRIDAY SEPTEMVBER 11 1905. TWI CE-AWE.$10YA
PEACE DECLARED AND
EASTERN WAR ENDED
JAPAN MAGNANIMOUS AND
President Roosevelt Praised On All
Sides For His Work-Treaty to
Insure Lasting Peace Between
Portsmouth. Aug. 29.-Peace be
tween Russia aad Japan was pracli
cally concluded at this morning's
session of the peace conference. in
the final struggle Russia achieved
the victory. For the sake of peace,
the Japanese, with a magnanimity
worthy of their heroic achieverens
in this war. met the ultimatum of
the Czar and abandoned their de
mands not only for reimbursement
r t ct of war, but for the re
purchase of the northern half of
Sakhalin. Russia at the same time
agrceing to a division of the island.
The Japanese also withdrew arti
cles 10 and ii of the peace conditions
originally proposed. (demanded for
the surrender of interned warships
and limitation of the Russian naval
power in the far east). Delegates of
the respective missions were called in
at the afternoon session and the ac
tual work of formulating a trea'y of
peace was begun.
The news that peace had been
agreed upon caused most intense ex
citement at the hotel where the en
voys have been staying. Everywhere
there was a delirium of jtrbilation.
The official account of this after
noon's session of 'he peace conference
is given by Mr. Sato as follows:
-The conference -discussed the de
tails of the treaty of peace and decid
ed to intrust the drafting of the
clauses to the privy councilor, De
Martens and Mr. Dennison, the legal
adviser of the foreign offices of Japan,
with instructions to finish the work
as soon as possible."
The following statement was made
by Mr. Sato in behalf of the Japanese
"The questions for final disposi
tion were the matter of indemnity
and the Island of Sakhalin and on
which there was widest divergence of
views. Both points threatened the
existence of the conference, His
majesty. the emperor of Japan, re
sponding to the dictates of humanity
and civilization, in a spirit of perfect
conciliation and in the interest of
peace, authorized his plenipotentiaries
to waive the question of reimburse
menit and consented to a division of
Sakhalin upon terms mutually ac
ceptable, thus making it possiTble to
bring the important work of t=he con
ference to a successful issue."
The session of the peace conference
this morning began shortly after 1o
When the plenipotentiaries started
for the conference room there was
recognition on both sides that the
decisive hour in the fate of the con
ference had come. Mr. Witte seemed
no: in a pleasant frame of mind. He
had received new instructions during
the night reiterating the old, leaving
no iNeway. Unless the new Japanese
proposal met the emperor's "ulti
ma:umn," as given to President Roose
ve!t through Ambassador Mey'er, (no
indemnity but cession of half of
Sakhaiin without money payment be
yond that for maintenance of Russian
nrrieners and that involved in the ces
sion of the Chinese Eastern railway)
he considered he had full authority
to reject it flatcly without reference
tc St. Petersburg.
Inst before the conferen.:e met the
Associated Press received intimation
that Baron Komura had a strong
card in reserve. wrh'ch would make it
almocst impossible for Mr. Witte, no
ma:ter how he viewed his instcruc
tions. to reject the second proposal
withou strbnmiing it to the emperor.
should the first proposal be refused
The information of the Associated
Press was that Baron Komura would
then place his last trump-a whole
sale proposal to arbitrate all unad
justed propositions-before the con
ference. It was hardly conceivable
that Mr. Witte dare refuse to place
before the author of the Hague Tri
bunal such a proposition. To do so
wot-ld be for him to court both for
himself and his government a uni
versal outburst of denunciation.
News Caused Sensation.
A scene of great excitement fol
lowed the receipt of the news in the
lobby of the Hotel We'ntworth. The
official bulletin was telephoned from
the cc aference room -at the navy yard
by Mr. Sato and like an electric
thrill it flooded through the room.
There were screams of joy.". Men
threw their hats aloft and women ac
Then there was a rush for tele
graph offices and' in an ins:ant the
news was speeding to the remotest
corners of the earth.
The Japanese practically yielded
everything. They accepted the Rus
sian ultimatum, with no indemnity,
and a division of Sakhalin without
payment of redempton money.
The Japanese also yielded the in
terned warships and the limitation of
naval power. The conference ad
journed until 3 o'clock this afternoon.
Mr. Witte, accompanied by Baron
Rosen, came to the hotel for lun
cheon. There was a wonderful dem
onstration upon their arrival. A great
crowd had collected under the porte
cochere of the annex where the Rus
sians are quartered and when their
automobile drew up the air was torn
with frantic cheers. Hats were
Mr. Witte, as e stepped out of the
motor car, seemed quite overcome,
too full for utterance. He could only
grasp and shake the hands that were
exended to him. Baron Rosen also
was equally moved an dreceived the
congratulations of the crowd in si
lence. For about five minutes the
two plenipotentiaries were kept upon
the porch listening to the incoherent
praises of the hotel gues-ts.
"Do you pay indemnity?" was the
universal interrogation, "Pas Un
Sou." (Not a cent), was Mr. Witte's
Forcing his way to the door, Mr.
Witte encountered a member of the
Russian mission, who rushed forward
to shake his hand. Briefly, in Rus
sian. he gave them the joyful tidings.
Then, as he started up the stairs.
newspaper correspondents clamored
"What hav-e you done? How is it
"We pay not a kopeck of indemni
ty. he replied as he turned at the
landing half way up the stairs.
"We get half of Sakhalin: that's
the agreement in a nutshell."
Interview With Witte.
The Associated Press correspond
ent accompanied Mr. Witte to his
room. He had been quite overcome
by the great ovation he had received
and the intense s-train he had been
"I-t seems incre<dible." he said. "'I
do not believe any other man in my
place would have dared to hope for
a possilbility of peace on the condi
tions to which we have just agreed.
From all sides, from Preside.V Roose
velt down to my own friends in Rus
sia. I received up to the last moment.
even this morning, urgent representa
tions that something should be paid
A-t this point Mr. Witte. who wvas
still laboring under excitement, al
most lost control of himself. He
paused a moment. Then he went ont:
"The Japanese wanted to take our
interned ships, and I have not con
sented. The Japanese wanted to limit
our naval power in the far east, and
I have not consented. The J-apanese
nienit for the cost of war: ave iernan,l!
ed it. and I have not consented.
The Japanese wanted the Chinese
Eastern railway south of Harbin. but
I gave them only the railroad in
possession of their troops souch of
Chautafu. The Japanese wanted the I
Island of Sakhalin and I refused it,
agreeing. however, at the last mo
ment to cede the southern half and
then only because I was commanded I
by my sovereign to yield and obeyed. I
Not only do we not pay so muc'h as I
a kopeck, but we obtain half of Sak
halin, now in Their possession."
"At this morning's meeting, I pre
sented my written proposition, which
was the Russian ultimatum. It was
accepted by the Japanese. I was 1
amazed. Until I was in the confer
ence room I did not think what would
happen. I could not anticipate such
a great and happy issue.
"It was a psychological crisis. I
had made up my mind not to strike 1
out a letter of the ultimatum. I sub
mitted. So far as I was concern d
it was ended. But I could not tti
how it would work on rhe Japane-e
mind. It was a complete victory i..r
"At the afternoon's session," Yr.
Witte continued, "all the delegat s
will participate. Now that general
lines of peace have been agreed upo:, i
details will have to be considered
and discussed by competen*t per
sons who have accompanied t*e
plenipotentiaries. Although the.-e
are questions of detail. they include
matters of great importance. Chief
among them is the armistice, which
Baron Komura and myself have al- J
ready proposed to our emperors.
will come up immediately."
Roosevelt Delighted Over JoyI
Oyster Bay, Aug. 30.-President
Roosevelt received the news of the
agreement in his library at Sagamore
Hill today. He was engaged at the
very moment on some matters re
garding the peace negotiations. In
timation of the agreement came to
him from the Associated Press in
the form of a bulletin announcing I
that the envoys had agreed on all
1points which hitherto had been the
subject of differences.
While .the president had been
hopeful that .such an agreement would
be reached, he was surprised that
it had come today. He expressed
to his family his gratification that
a pe.aceful solution of differences had
been reached. He excused himself, 1
however, from making any statement, I
formal in its nature.1
Enthusiastic Bird Architect.
The process of the building of a
bird's nest is always interesting, and
the most wonderful of all nests, those
of the weaver birds, can always be
seen in the making by any one whIo 1
will buy a few males of the Africani
red billed weaver, which cost abouti
half a crown each. This is a little
bird much like a small hen sparrow.
with a bright red bill and decked in
thie breeding season with a pink cap,
and breast and a black mas'k. He is
an enthusiastic architect and in
France is always sold as travailleur,
the wvorker. Even in the cage he
will weave any fibrous material in
and our of the wires till they are
covered, and in an aviary he will con
struct beautiful round nests with the
greatest enthusiasm, pausing occa
sionally to swear at fellow craftsmen
who presume to criticize his efforts1
or cast a larcenous eye on his mate-1
A man's ideal woman is always
married to some other fellow.
After all there is a lot of satisfac
tion in not monkeying with a buzz
Time may Ibe money, but doing
time in jail isn't a remunerative oc
HUB EVANS WAS "MUM."
Was in Greenville Monday. . Nothing
on Dispensary Just Now.
Chairman H. H. Evans. of the state <
)oard of dispensary directors. bett.r 1
nown perhaps as Hub Eva:iz. was
imong the visitors in Gre 'nvll': Sn
lay. Mr. Evans came up from New
)errv in the afternoon in -ime to ap
>ear before Special Referee McCul
ough in the "Poplar Log" hearing
ixed for yesterday morning. Through
;ome oversight, which Mr. Evans re
rarded as most unpardonable. th
ittorneys postponed the hearing and I
ailed to notify the official head of <
he state's whiskey business. Finding I
:hat the postponement was a fact, i
vIr. Evans left yesterday morning f('
1is home in Newberrv.
Always talkative. Mr. Evans had .
ood deal to say. The bracing au- z
umn air of the mountains was in
Iis bloo. After expressing his
>pinn i nl a go d natured way. about
set of lawyers who would make the
:hairman on the dispensary machin
ry come to Greenville for nothing. I
Or Evans told how little he knew
bout "Poplar Log" or any other
:ind of liquor brands. and then drift
d to cotton, for he is now one of the
nost successful planters in Newberry
ountv. But mum was the word
Vhen it came to going into a dis
:uss-ion on the dispensary and the
loings of the special investigating
"As you have doubtless observed." i
aid Mr. Evans, "I am not talking
ust at present. Should I deem it
>roper at any time to have some- <
hing to say, be sure you will hear
rom Hub Evans, good and strong.
)f courseI am in sympathy with the
nvestigation. I will say again, as I
aid when t'he committee firs"t met:
Gentlemen, I am with you. Call on
ne whenever you need my services. t
will hold myself in readiness to
Mr. Evans said that he was al
vays within speaking distance of the
arious sub-committees, meaning that
is whereabouts were always known
.nd that he was in readiness to re
pond when his services were needed
s chairman of the board.
Tn speaking of the "Poplar Log" t
ase. in which Somers & Co., of t
orth Carolina. are demanding $5o.- I
oo in damages from the Richland '
)ist-illing company. of Columbia, for
illeged infringement of patented Ia
el rights. Mr. Evans said that he
iad come with a big p-ile of books
aken from the offices in Columbia
o aid the attorneys in their work,t
nd he was prepared to tell
LII he knew, but that wa.s very little,
or there were so many brands in
w'hich he had to deal th-ait he did
iot know one "Poplar Log" from!
mother. He had Mr. Charles. the1
>ookkeeper. to come along with the
-ecords. he said, to aid in the 'hear
ng before Special Referee McCul
While Mr. Evans was not refer
ing to anything developed by the in
esti gation, in speaking of the "Pop
ar Log" case, he said that bids were
requen;tly made by liquor houses
or liquor through th.e mails. These
sere void by statute, for the lawI
>rovided that the board could takei
1tice of those sent by express and
brough the state treasurer's office
>therwise they had to be thrown out.
'I have known some of the old
iouses with which the dispensary
1ad been dealing for years to slip
1." said Mr. Evans, "and make their
ffers through the mails." When Mr.
Evans was asked why he thought 'he'
aw contained this provision he saidj
ie could not see that it did any good,
>t it was a law nevertheless, an-d
ad to be observed."
A numiber of references in the
"Poplar Log" suit which in the
United States courts, have already
seen heard, the last here in Green
ville before -Special Referee McCul
ough. when a number of local au
,horities on the North Carolina
product under the celebrated label
iad mean things to say about the li
:iuor placed with the dispensaries by
:he Richland Distilling company.
Lnited Szates Distric;t Attorney Ca
pers is representing the Columbia
:oncern, while McNeal & Nattress of
Washington are conducting Somers
I company's side of the case.-Green
Saluda County News.
The little city of Saluda is on a
>oom. Houses and stores are being
rected and new people are constant
y moving in. At this time, there is
lot a house to be obtained in Saludaj
The graded school will commence
n September. Prof. V. E. Black as
)rincipal. The children of Saluda
ieed not leave home to be educated.
Rev. J. L. Buck has resigned his
:harge of Corinth and St. Mark's
:hurches. No one has been called as
-et to take his place.
All the male population have gone
:o court this week. They all thought
hey were jurors or witnesses.
Mr. Lever has already ginned sev
ral 'bales of coitton.
Mr. and Mrs. George H. Wise vis
ted their old home in Ehe Corinth
;ection and attended protracted
.meeting. last week. Mr. Wise is
loing a flourishing stock business in
3aluda. ',hen any one wants a good
lorse or mule at a fair price he goes
:o Uncle George.
A little boy recently remarked
xhen he was told to putc on his
Yther jacket, that it was luky tha;t
e have Sundays else he wouldn't
i'ave any other jacket.
Mr. Fed Kempson is reported to
Miss Edith Willis, of Saluda. is
isiting her cousin. Miss Mary Les
Mr. Jenks Ruff is out wi.-h his
nower. The corn and cotton crops
ill be short in this section and grass
vill be the chief product. Farmers
tre alrea-dy making arrangements for
iands another year. There will be
Protracted meeting this week at
4ickory Grove. With this will end
he meetings, as this is the only one
hat has not had its annual series of
neet.ings. Visiting and picnics are
Lbout over and every one seems to
~ave taken up the burdens of life
tgain and are gathering the fleecy
When the dispensary question is set
:led by those who have the righ.t, see
:hat a better problem is found. Be
ure it is the dispensary you are op
>osing. Be sure that no open bar
-ooms will take its place--look an-d
h-ink, before the quesition is settled.
3ome think the tigers can se.e better,
han those who are paid to watch
Glad the editor had such a pleas
The stores were all closed yester
lay afternoon from qjuarrer to four
antil six o'clock in respect to the
nemory of Mr. McCrary whose fun
~ral took place at five o'clock.
C. F. Beecher has sold out his bar
er shop under the Crotwell hotel
o E. E. Hargrove who has been with
. H. Hair.
The Doctor's Clothes.
"'Scuse me, lady," said the tramp
: a Hiawat-ha woman, "but I jist
:alled to ask if the doctor had any
yld clothes he'd let me have. You
see I'm kind o' bad off fer all kind of
lothes, an' I'd be much obleeged
for anything the doctor would let
rne have, an' I ain't particular as to
The woman smiled and made reply:
"I am the doctor."
"Sufferin' Cornelius!" ejaculated the
tramp, as he made a beeline for the