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NIHT RID1R SECRETS.
mber of Band That Lynched Capt
Rankin Testifies-Iron-Clad Oath
Taken by the Members is
Union City, Tenn.. Deeember 21.
The State practically completed it;
case today against the eight allege
night riders on trial for the murde1
of Capt. Rankin. when it drew fron
Frank Feliringer. a member of thA
band, who turned State's evidence,
detailed statement of the Rankin, af
fair, and a score or more of .1-the:
outrages. It also called to the stant
Mrs. Emma Thurman Johnsdn, one o:
the two women said to have beei
whipped by the band, and-had her tel
The startling testimony of Fran]
Fehringer, who '' confe'ssed, accusinl
the men on trial of being actual parti
cipants in the murder of Capt. Ran
kin, give With an exactness of de
tail, I=ed the people who thronge'
the 'ourt room. Then, as Mrs. John
A's name was called, a murmur o:
satisfaction arose. She walked rapid
ly to the stand and- removed her vei
reluctantly, on the judge's instrue
tions, that she might be heard by tho
Mrs. Johnson had married Jo4
Johnson, a man 30 years older thai
she, and lived with him four years
when a child was born. Last Augusi
she sued him for divorce, chargin
cruelty, and asking maintenance. Ear.
ly in September the riders visited he
father's -home and left word that shi
must withdraw the suit. She failei
to do so and on a second visit hei
father was whipped.
On both occasions she was at he
sister's home. The riders seem t<
have realized this, for on. Septembej
30, about 11 o'clock at night. thei
went to the sister's house. Mrs
Johnson awoke beside her child t<
find her bed room filled with maske(
and armed men. A man whom sh4
said she recognized as Fred Pinion
one of the defendants, was standinc
4c close that she could touch him.
"We have come to tell you for th(
last time that you must dismiss tha1
divorce suit." Pinion is charged witl
"I will not withdraw it,'' she re
"You will before we get througl
with you,'' was the reply.
"If you dismiss it, now we will' see
that he supports the child, but yor
Smust not touch his property.''
Mrs. Jo'hnson insisted that she
would press the case. Then the met
withdrew into the yard to consult. Ir
'a few moments they returned. Pinior
stepped over to the young womnan '
bed and said: "Come with us."
Two others of the band seized her
and dragged her 'from the bed in hei
night clothes. They hurried her abou1
250 yards away and one of them beat
her across the shoulders with a strap
After the first beating they asked her
if she would dismiss the suit. Sh4
Isaid no. Then she was again whipped.
This time her fighting spirt was brok
en, and she sobbingly said she wouk
give in to their demands.
"Let's give her another,'' said one
of the band.
*"No,'' she said, Pinion replied,
"he has had enough."
Mrs. Johnson told her story under
strong objections from the defence.
Judge Strengthens Guard.
Judge .Jones sent out the jury be.
fore court adjourned and said:
"There are 'eight defendants here
charged with a capital- offence. They
are not handea.ffed and are undei
guard of only two deputies, and I de
not- think this is safe. Therefore I
order the sheriff to handcuff these
men and ask the military to detail
ten armed men to serve as guards."
The defence strongly objected, but
the court refused to withdraw the or
Later Attor~ney General Caldwell
" De order was made advisedly up.
on the information whieh reached the
officers of the court. which informa.
tion was serious enough to justify us
in, taking every possible and legal
Surrounded by a detail of six fully
a'rmed soldiers Fehringer was brought
into court. At the court room 'door
eeM4he soldiers armed with rifles
ted. Four other soldiers armed on
with revolvers took Fehringer in
rge. Four armed deputy sheriffs
ared a way through the crowd in
aisles, and Fehringer was led to
he soldiers sat down inside the
ling facing the throng. Deputies,
ed heavily, took positions in var
is parts of the room. It was a tense
ment. The witress, a diminutive
n. seemed to be composed but pale
crossed his legs and tossed his
d brimmed hat on the toe of his
ny in the crowd surge dup clos
t r. b)ut a dr from theI ~i jdg :wc oIn-ei
them bae]-binto their seats.
Fehringer said he was one of thi
first me,-nbers of the band.
Fehringer knew all the defendanti
and had accompanied them on man:
rides prior to the killing of Capt
Rinkin. The night riders' garb con
siisted of long black coats. black mask
1,immed in white, and so:e had false
beards attached to the bottom. 01
one occasion Deputy Sheriff Mays
since resigned, and who was one o.
- the riders. came to a meeting unmask
ed. At this meeting Garrett Johnsoi
was chosen chief and other captain!
were named for different localitie.
Sand authorized to order raids when
;ever the riders of a certain localiti
thought something needed regulating
C Sometimes a few riders failed to ap
pear for rides, and upon those occas
- ions the riders went after the miss.
- ing men and forced them to go on th(
The night rider oath- in full was:
"You do solemnly swear in tho
presence of Almighty God and theso
witnesses, that you desire to becomi
a Night Rider; that you will nol
write, talk or tell to anyone the se
crets of this order of Night Riders;
that if you do talk, write or tel
to any person any of the secrets oJ
the Order, we axe permitted to d<
with you as we see it. You knov
death, hell and destruction will b(
your portion and that your body wil
not be buried in a graveyard. D<
you willingly and freely submit to al
this, so help you God?"
Fehringer frankly admitted that h<
had sold liquor illegally."'had beei
indicted, tried and convicted for thi.
offence, both in Tennessee and in Ken
tucky. However, he never denied hi.
guilt and never per.jured himself ti
escape punishment. The witnAs wa
a Tartar under cross-exam'nati'n
Once when asked about a date he re
plied that he did not keep a "da-,
meKning a diary. When the defend.
ants' attorney attempted to quiZ hi.x
about milk the witness said: "I uer
it when I was small, I'm toid, bui
h., en't since."
rehringer Summoned Riders.
''Tid'' Burton, one of the defeni1d
ants, told Fehringer to notify th
band to meet that night to attend t'
Rankin and Taylor. Fehringer zoi
one of Garrett Johnson's horse:, auil
rode all day, summoning the hand
The riders met near Johnson's tiha1
Lnight. The band included the eigh1
They proceeded to the hotel aftt'
Garrett Johnson had forced ''Ed'
Powell to take the rider there,. Wit.
ness said that Garrett Johnson wa:
the spokesman and gave the orders tc
Rankin and Taylor to dress.
On the march to the densely wood.
ed bank of the slough, where Ranka
was slain, witness said Johnson did
all the talking, the others, about fif
ty in number, including the defend
ants, following iantly as the rope
was put around Rankin 's neck. Feh.
ringer said to the victim:
-"Do you want to say anything tc
the Lord?i If you do, say it n9w.'
Rankin replied: ''I have attended
Just as; they pulled the rope, wit
ness said. Bob Huffman shot R2ankiL
and Sam Applewhite then said:
'I know he is dead, for I put a
load of bicycle ball bearings in him. '
Witness declared that Jesse Carter,
one of the defendants and a man yet
to be tried, put the rope around Ran
kin 's neck.
Whien Col. Taylor jumped intq the
jslough everybody shot into the water
adFehringer beat around in it with
a pole. Meantime the men holding the
rope let it go and Rankin 's body
crumped up and dropped to the
grouind. His stiff hat fell beneath his
head, holding it off the ground,his
glasses dropped back into the hat,
which rapidly filled with blood from
the wound in the temple.
Just 'before the body fell a rider,
not on trial, emptied six 38-ealibre
bullets into the hanging man.
The riders then went to where their
horses were hitched and where four
men had been left on guard. Witness
said that Garrett Johnson addressed
them 'before they dispersed, saying:
''Burn your masks and say nothing
about this night 's work.''
During the testimony the soldier
guard was increased. As soon as the
court took luncheon recess the armed
sentries marched in and took Fehring
er out. Then the court asked the
newspaper correspendents not to men
tion the names of those implicated by
the witnesses who are not on trial.
CASH IN ADVANCE.
In March, 1887, I became a part
owner of The Herald and News anrt
have been connected with the paper
continuously since that time. I wa.s
with the paper a couple of years prior
to that time when under other own
ersipn I hae, therefore, been the
Come with the mon
Gobble up Suits,.Sh
wear, Hosiery, Hal
Etc., AT ACTUAl
Remember we have N
Merchandise to offer. I
the-Minute. This Sale
AOF SOUTH CAROLINA,
OTY OF NEWBFRRY.
otof Common Pleas.
V axter Kinard, G3race Kinard, The C
neL. Sligh, Alva C. Kinard and dese fi
etM. Kinard, Plaintiffs, ber 27, 1
~se Epting, Grace Kihard, the
in, Fred Kinard and Emmime Loans....
omplaint for Partition. Overdrafts
-yoder of the court herein, I will Cash and
tpublic action, to the highest
e,a,t Newberry Court House dur
elegal hours of sale, on Mon
,4hJanuary, 1909, all that tract Cailst
adlying in the county and State CPoitsi ls
ea, containing .lifty (50) acres, Dividends
orless, lying on the west side Cashier's(
teroad leading from Newberry Re-dicout
Poria, and bounded by lands of Deposits
ater Kinard, Laura Koon, and Individt
r,the same being part of the Banks..
rmerly belonging to John G.
r, and by him conveyed to
rm. One-third of the purchase
eyto be paid cash, the balance
a dit of one and two years, the
ortontobeseurd y on
puaser, and a mortgage of the T
mie sold, with interest thereon
dy of sale, at the rate of 8 per
mper annum. with leave to pur
erto anticipate payments, the'
hser to pay for papers and re- JNO. M. I
igof thre.mortgage. Presid
H. H. Rikard,
D TO CLOSE OUT
IN THEIR STORE
V YORK COST!
HOT AI TLK
ey and Gobble, Gobble,
oes, Hats, Shirts, Under
dkerchiefs, Suit Cases,
COST. : : : *: :
ES FOR..30 DAYS
0 OLD or SHOP WORN
.verything New and Up=to=
will continue for 30 days.
>mmercial Bank of Newberry, S. C., con
ym report to State Bank Examiner Novem
and fixtures..................... - 3,116 93
... ...... .. .. . . .. ...... ... 12,645 6o
due from banks..... ..... ........i10 ,81 65
k............ ....-..-.- - -- - $,00o0
expenses taxes paid..... .......--..- 54,677 53
unpaid. ... ........---...-- ....... 1,277 00
ts......... ......... ...--..--...--..--- . -- - 15,000 00
a1...... .............. $261,000.0"
. ... .. .. . .. .---- . - 3,486.49$264,486 52
INARD, 0. B. MAYER, J. Y. McFALL,
ve Vc-Presicict. Cashier.
edit.or for:nearly twventy-five years.
During that time my duties have al
so been to keep the books and sub
I have always had great faith and!
confidence in the honesty of the peo
ple and their purpose to pay their,
debts. For that reason I have never:
believed I could conduct a strictly
cash in advance subscription.
For the past few months I have
been giving a closer study to the sit
iation than ever before.
When the postoffiee department is
sued its order that a subscription to
a semi-weekly more than nine months
in arrears could not be accepted at
the second-elass rate we endeavored
to comply with the ofder and had to
- cutt off about 650 names. We first
sent each subscriber at least two let
ters calling attention to the raing be
sides mention of it was made in the'
paper. This fall we have sent an
other letter to these persons bnt we
have received no response.
These 650 owed us over $5,000.
Many of them not only did not pay
v!at they owed but weni directly and
subseribed LJ o-r ecemporary and
paid for it. We have no objection to
that but we mention it as a reason
for the shaking of our faith in the
honesty of the people. It certainly
was a striking evidence of ingratitude.
We still have a good many sub
scribers who are in arrears. . State
ments have been sent or will be sent
in a few days to all of these.
During the 25 years of our connec
tion with this newspaper we have
lost in unpaid subscriptions at least
$20.000. We have no one to blame
but ourself and the people would
have thought more df us if we had
made them pay it. We are not com
plaining but we propose to stop this
leak or go out of the business.
After the first day of February The
ferald and News will be run strictly
on the cash in advance plan. A post
card will be mailed you giving you
.thirty days notice so that you may!
have time to send in your renewal
and to remind you if you should-over
There are doubtless some .errors in
the credits. If you- will call our at
tention to these we will gladly make
the correction and in every case will
give the subscriber the benefit of the
It takes too much of our time to
send statements and to pay postage.
We will keep no books except our
receipt stubs and a eash book and the
We shall hate to part with any sub-[
scribers but we cannot longer be an-I
noyed with trying to collect these lit
.tle' amounts and then not get them.
The post office rule does not permit
us to carry a delinquent longer than
nine month~s and we had just as well
put it on the cash ba.'i
We find that for a eleven months
of this year only about 1000 have'
paid anything at all. Just about one
half of the present list. We can not
pay our debts and keep up this rate of'
collection of what is due us. And we
do not want to offer compromise ifj
we can help it.I
'Remember you have two months
to put yourself financial. If you can't
'pay all of your back dues give us your
note and pay the advance3 subscrip
The rule we adopt wvill be followed
strictly. No doubt some of those who
have been indulged will show the!r
appreciation by getting mad and tak- -
ing the other paper as some have done. S
We will not raise any objection for
we will have the satisfaction of know
ing that you will no longer get a pa
per without paying for it.F.
Those who pay no heed to what they Ro
owe us will have their accounts turn
ed over to a collection agency. 4
We have worked hard to serve the yo,
people of this community and we de- Ki
serve what we have earned.
The Herald and News will continue ]
to be an up-to-date paper and we sel
hope all of our subscribers will ap- bi
preciate the situation that it costs ina
money to buy paper and pay printers Ida:
and it is much easier for each one to of
pay us than it is for us to be contirn- afc
*ally hunting up these little amounts. mo
If any man's subscription is in ar- of
rears and he has a claim against us to
we will thank him to .present his claim W
and if we owe it we will try to pay it.ot
IRemember after February first The
Herald and News is going to be cash
E. H. Aull,
Attention Pensioners. of
I will be in the auditor's office each pre
Saturday in January. 1909. to pre- fro
pare applications for piensions. Those en
on the roll do not have to aply una che
Call promptly anid gret your bLm:?. pm11
W. G. P ram eo