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CRANE DEPOSED BY KNOX.
Resignation of Minister to China De
Washington, October 12.-qCharles
R. Crane, of Chicago, minister desig
nate to China, to-day was practically
deposed by a demand from Secretary
Knox for his resignation. Thus a
new chapter in American diplomacy
was written. A .citizen chosen with
special regard for his qualifications
for the post was recalled before he
ha embarked from San Francisco
an< discharged from Jbis high office
ibecause of alleged indiscreet dis
closures through the press. Moreover,
this minister, breaking through all
the old traditions, insisted on defend
ing himself from the aspersions cast
upon him by the Secretary of State
by the issuance of a statement which
most people here comment upon as
certain to ,be very embarrassing to
The history of this extraordinary
affair, which began about a week ago
with the announcement that Minister
Crane had been stopped at San Fran
cisco at the moment of embarkation
for his post by a demand from Sec
retary Knox for his return to Wash
ington, reached at- least its first crisis
soon after noon to-day, when tbhe
Secretary, in a formal statement, an
nounced that Mr. Crane's rtsignation
had been invited, and the minister
designate replied in an equally for
mal statement that while his resig
nation already had been tendered to
the President, he felt himself very
unjustly treated. Moreover, Mr.
Crane in his statement reflected very
severely upon the officials of the
State department, charging that not
only rhad they refrained from giving
him the instructions usually issued to
a minister or ambassador about to
leave for his post, but that he had
been denied access to them even
after he had made repeated appoint
ments with them. He enters a sweep
ing denial of the -charge that he
"gave out" a newspaper story whieh
is said to be the cause of his deposi
tion, and places squarely upon the
shoulders of President Taft the re
iponsibility for the various utter
ance he has made regarding condi
tions in the far East, which have
aroused the ire of Secretary Knox
and for final action upon his resigna
* In his statement Mr. Crane said:
Mr. Crane's Statement.
* '"Tihe statement issued by the de
'partment of State is slightly inac
-eurate in saying that the Secretary
has informed me that my resignation
"will be accepted. The letter whie,h I
received from Mr. Knox at noon to
day says that he has* recommended
to the President that the President
aeeept my resignation. Before this
letter had been received by me I .had
already sent to the President, through
his secretary, Mr. Carpenter. the fol
'Washington, D. IC., Oct. 12, 1909.
President William H. Taft: The
State department objects to certain
things I have .done in the effort to
carry out my understanding of your
wishes as expressed by you to me. I
have carefully considered the entirei
nmatter. In my judgment no mistake
has been made except as the depari- I
ment has made it a mistake. How- I
ever, I do not and cannot guarantee<
to make no mistakes, especially un- ]
tess I have the cordial support and
--operation of the Government. The 1
mannier in which the department has t
proceeded and is proceeding is incon- r
sistent with my own self-respect and t
my concep;ion of the dignity of the i
postion andi with the understanding
upon which I accep)ted it. I appre
ciate the p)ersonal considerations I
.have received from vou and under
all the circumstances have decided to t
aiwait information as to your wishes t
before taking action. You will un- c
dierstand o.f course. that my resigna- h
tion is i your hands. ii
(Signed) "Charles R. Crane.'' b
Knox Statement Inaccurate. 1
Thej statement of the department u
is further inaecurate in saying that 'I ~j4
gave out a newspaper story about the it
preparation of a protest in regard to ii
the agreement between China and Ja- if
;pan.' It would have been more ae
-eurate if the statement had said as
vas indicated in its own closing para- 1
~raph,. that a brief conversation of je
mine with a 'newspaper represntative ce
:onikibuted so the publication by him ti
a iission of his agreement and h
the possibility ot a protest by this
Goivernmenit and that the :department al
regarded this conversation as indis- r<
creet,'' -The publication referred to se
did not mention my name, nor in my *w
judgment would it have been a mis- ei
take if the department of the State ti
had not chosen to vouch for its ac- n
curacy and give to it anl official sig
~nicanice by its ownl con1duct.
- fl eertainly ('4'ntailledi no'tlill~'o
.ubstance that was aoi matter' of t
~.)~Oi nmwled or. deducible by F
from facts commonly known. The
substance, if not the full text of the
agreement, had been published and
its effect had been widely discussed."
An an illustration of this he re
ferred to a dispatch published. in
New York from Tokio on September
"The publication complained of by
the State department was not made
until September 27. This also has a
significant bearing on the reference
to 'recent canards' in the Secretary's
telegram to me at San Francisco.
"In order to understand how this
matter came to be mentioned it is
necessary .to make a brief explanation
When I a.ecepted the appointment of
minister to China, at the request of
the President, and afterward, he ex
pressed the earnest wish that the'peo
ple of this country should be roused
to a keen interest in the Pacific situ
ation, both commercially and politi
cally; he felt that our greatest prob
lem lay there, and that our people
were not fully awake to its import
ance. As I stated in a public address
in Chicago, on September 14, the
President advised me to accept all
available invitations to public meet
ings and dinners, and said:
" 'Do not miss any of them, and
when you go to one insist on speak
ing and let tihem have it redhot.*
"I assumed that the President
wished me to discuss realities and not
platitudes. I have not had experience,
as a public speaker and it was and
is a difficult role, but I have done my
best to carry out the President's
No Instructions From Department.
"The difficulty has also been in
creased by the absence of specific in
structions from the State department
and of any adequate discussion with
its officials as to the policy of -this
Government. I Lhave been much
g;ratified that no criticism had come
to me from any official source until
[ was recalled to Washington last
"With the previous approval of
the President I had arranged to go to
China by way of Europe so that I
night have conferences with well-in
formed and influential persons of
,videly divergent interests and points
>f view, and I had made many val
.iable appointments. It was then
suggested by Mr. Knox that it would
>e better for me to proceed by way
>f the Pacific. Contrary to my un
lerstanding this matter should be
~ully discussed with the President in
~onference with Secretary Knox, the
secretary informed me that it would
>e unnecessary to see .the President,
mnd that I should proceed by way of
Japan. It was then agreed that I
blould sail on October 5 with the
ninister to Japan.. .
Snubbed by Department?
"I wdis told tihat letters would be
tiven to me and arrangements made
~or seeing important persons in Ja
>an I have not since then seen See
:etary Knox, except on last Sunday,
aor have I had any adequate discus
;ion with the department as to its
)olicy. Some days before the date
;et for my departure. I came to
WVash ington. andc with considera,ble
lifficulty, made a number of appoint
neuts with the First Assistant See
'etary of State, no one of which did
ie keep or explain hi~s failure tof
teep. No papers, not even my official
~redentials. were ready for me when
left Washington for San Francisco
ith just time to catch the steamer. I
iave not examined the papers from
he State department. which reached
ae in San Franciseo after the Secre
ary's telegram recalling me to Wash
"'As I was hui-riedly.leaving Wash
agton. a representative of an im
ortant paper asked me about the
'hina-Japan agreeement, and I said
tat the matter was under considera
on, as was well known. but that no
ecisron had been reachedl, and I may
ave said. although I .do not recall
that obviously no statement would
e prepared in the ab)sence of Mr.
[ovt. [ advised him to get thor
aghiy informed upon); thie whole sub
-t, as it would be of the greatest
aiportance that it should be handled
itelligently by the American Press
official action were taken.
The Sum of His Offending.
"This is the sumi of my offending.
n maut ure consider'ation,it is my:
idgment that my action was in ac
>rdance with the spirit at least of
Ie Presidenit's wishers expressed by
im to mec. an(t that it furnishes no
ifficient exenSe for~ t.he sensational
id inconsiderate aetion of the See
~tarv of State. However. I did not
'ek this post: and am absolutely un
illing to remain in it without the
1tire confidence of the President and
ie cordial support of the Govern
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SEE WHAT STATE
INSURANCE DEPARTMENT, S
Mr. W. A. McSwain, Newberry, S.
Replying to yours of the 9
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Mr. W. A. McSwain, Newberry, S.
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TATE OF NORTH CAROLINA.
Raleigh, March ioth, 1909.
th inst., I would say: The South
)ro, is chartered in this State and
onsidered SAFE and SOUND.
their policies the securities to the
d with this department for the pro
re CONSIDERED AMPLE for this pur
ned) JAMES R. YOUNG,
TATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA.
Columbia, March ioth, 1909.
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JNO. M. KINARD, J. Y. 1X
President. , Casi
The News and Courier IN
in Prizes a.
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