Newspaper Page Text
N YEARS ARE
N US," SAYS J. J. HILL
re n.illions of men idle?
s our food cost so much 1
e our cies thronged with
-stricken human beings?
s J. Hill, master railroad
der V.d adviser to the American
er, has given -what he believes
the right answer to these
tions in a 10,000-word article in
World's Work, issued to-day by
Doubleday-Page Co. The At
Journal has obtained special.
ission to give excerpts from
articek.-Editor of the Journal.
By Jam J. L iU
e food -eondition presses upon
A sbortage has begun.
As far as our food supply is con
cerned right now The lean years are
We have to provide for a conCn
gency not distant from us but al
Thousands of farmers are seeking
homes in the Canadian northwes.,
owing Ito cheap lands offered there
and the difficulty of securing sueL
ands in the United States.
Yet we still retaiin the land laws
-ander which, for so many years the
great heritage of the people has been;
passing so largely into unworthy
Instead of preserving the fertilitY
of their lInds, our farmers have gone
ijn seareh of new soils, to be skinnedi
robbed and abandoned as soOn as the
old shows signs of exhaustion.
Not th;t there is no longer any
west to move on to, what have they
Since 1899 the average wheat crop
in the Unied States has fallen from
15.8 to 14 bushels an acre. It is a dis
The fields of Great Britian yield
aver 32 bushels of. wheat per acre.
Germany produces 27.6 bushels per
Dr. Samuel Johnson said of Eng
land: 'Trade and manufacture,
however profitable, must yield to the
lands in usefulness and dignity."
dR Dr. Johnson could revisit his
4ountry today he would find his ar
gment vindicated by an alightment
of industries so uneven that busiess
in the streets of her cities is imped
ed, by processions of gaunt men,
shouting in wretched concert, "We
For many years the United States
has made the mistake of unduly as
sisting manufacture, commerce and
oher activities that center in the
cities at the expense of the farm. We
must preserve jealously the right and
possibility of free access to the soil.
This is- the safeguard not only of na
fFor the sake of the coming mil
lions, who will be helpless unless
eah can be furnished with a piece oft,
Stillable land, we should see that the
pecuative abuses whieh these land
laws of ours hav~e fostered are
ought to an end.
It is as well assured as any future
event can be .that the population of,
Ithe United States will be 200,000,000
by. about the middle of the present'
century. Millions of persons now liv
Sing will see the 200,000,000 persons
here. How are -they to be fed?
Suppose the average yearly per
eapita consumption of wheat is six
and one-half bushels. It will then re
quire 1,300,000,000 bushels of wheat
for our bread supply. Twice only in
eur history have we exceeded 700r
Possible increase of wheat produe
tion by inereasing acreage is limit
ed. We have no longer a great area
of free publie lands.-.
We will be left practically wit~h a
shortage of 400,000,000 bushels. A
supply to meet the coming new de
mand is nowhere in sight. I have said
many times in different articles and
addresses that a priee of over rath
er than under $1 per- bushel -might be
Suppose the -United. States pr,o
duced 28 bushels per acre, or double
its present showing. That would be
not?hing extraordinary in view of
what. European -countries have done
with inferior soils. It would have ad
ded 634,000,000 bushels to our pro
duet last year.
Such close and careful cultivation
as will yield the highest profit per
acre can best be given to land when
it is cultivated in small farms. Ten
farmers, each cultivating from 40 to
160 acres, with the most approved
methods, each can earn a profit equal
to that taken from two or three times
the same area by slovenly tillage.
To raise t1e productivity of our
sil 50 per cent. would be an increase
greater in value than The entire vol
ume of our foreign trade.
These results can be brought about
by such instructions as we now give
iinour technical schools and institutes
fr the trades.
We manot wait for the work of
the agricaltural colleges, because the
emergency is one for the present gen
If I could have my- way I should
build a couple of warships less a
year. I would take that $5,000,000 or
$6,000,000 a year and start at least
1,000 agricultural schools in the
United States at $5,000 a year each,
in the shape of model farms. .
It would require a small amount of
land, all told, to place a model farm
in every agricultural county in the
There would be a trained man to
each farm, say of 80 acres; and a
general superintendent, a thoroughly
trained agriculturist, lo manage
three or four counties and visit the
different farms. All sueh farms might
be put under the general supervision
of the agricultural college in that
If any farmer was in doubt he
could visit it, see with his own eyes
and -ind out what he ought to have
done and what he could do the next
To direct the minds of the young
to work upon the land as an honor
able and desirable career, and to
prepare them for work when they
return there by suitable instruction,
is to promote good citizenship and
The farmer must eultivate no more
land than he can till thoroughly.
With less labor he gets more results.
Offial statistics show that the net
profit from one crop of 20 bushels
of wheat to the acre is as great as
that from two crops of 16 bushels to
There must be rotation of :crops.
Ten years of single cropping will
pretty nearly wear out any but the
There must be soil renovation by
fertilizing, and the best fertiEzer is
Every farmer can and should keep
some cat,tle, sheep and hogs on his
place. The farmer cannot prosper
until stock raising becomes ' insepa
rate from agriculture.
If waste can be stopped, -it would
save more money - for the farmer
than the railr6ads could if they- eAf
ried all his grain to market free of
Hill's Warning to Farmers.
We have begun to realize only re
-ently that farming is to a great ex
tent an exact science.. The man no
longer deserves the name of farmer
who conceives of his industry as -a
scratching of the garth, a hit-o '-miss
scattering of seed an'd a harvesting
of such yield as soil and we;tiher may
That's not farming, but a game of
SOur national supply of food is
fundamental to the 'organization of
or social life and t& The progress
of our industries.
The Boyd place, con'taining
One Hundred Xcres, Four
Buildings, about three and a
half miles from Newberry, front
Ing on public road, Souther
Railroad and C-N. & L Rail.
road, fine location for brick
plant, truck farm, tan yard, cot
ton mill, &c.
To thiose that wear gloss 01
Chinese work. We will Laun
dry three collars free- to show
what a difference there is in s
a beautiful linen finish. All
goods sterilized. Collars will
not crack. Suits steam-cleanec
HITE STAR LAUDRI
AND DYE WORK[S.
YOU NG & STEBBINS. Pros
Santa Claus, Always a Welcome Vis
Store-"The Store that keeps prices dov
come year after year. This is the one ]
Glance over this list-it contains only
We have the biggest line of Toys ever shown
Toy Pianos, Drums, Guns, Trains, Automobiles
Toy Tables, Paint Sets. Stoves, Ten Pins, Musl
Wagons--and hundreds of others.
3)olls D )
m c to$1.ooLadie
Whentheyounter ope thir sock
whata gorius tme her wil be Ho
Dol ! df ols! DosUari:
hvnes Pitures ota rsearcs Jus
hen the ysamer oen their stock
ig brighnel Christmas remorti
Holdeglriou me theree illo e. etty
selecton an you vgid hatsaful r
Collar'ryuf o, Pos Card HE
Wwin sel otands Matghes bidde, Mros
onFri ay,Nvingerets, Piturs 10 tA. Byauhoit gie
M.,Dn argt the Chieceo rs.Mriatstamny. ofHe
anyu ork. th qai wemelric99,e soll<
G.m the B.En. land of which.de
selemtio n adyuaod taith owfu
itor, will soon make his annul visit
mn" and helps happy hundreds to g
lace you must not fail to visit in y<
a few of the good things we have
in Newberry. Doll Carriages and Go-.Cr
, Tea Sets, Ltoop-the Loops, Carpenter
al Toys. Humpty-Dumpty Chimes, Ral
yKeoain.Ti ilmk ac
>11yTag andStikersT- e
sta o1ltsFaedr,.ol u i
o Cris5tma os es, never s
Fancy BS ParerE
fydortions Thisren. ea Wt
gift.pinc til thelas.box.e
sh tags away Stcmers athe's
cae eaL. (1)ae, olly Boress, ~a
on ardto streentc
co hrstmwl as ot Cards,neverdo J
t~ puless t.' fH. S. BOozr preic Btohek
urs Athis SnowTine.al
forsthe indren.em fSle huca
Sping fb uie te lasy er
seed That purchs cmneysi a the as
ofNwbery onb Hacrrdytond ree whic
onle nsdabl in .twTem o calTh anual
to the Anderson 10c Co's
ive Old Santa a royal wel
)ur Holiday Buying.
for the Holiday Shoppers.
irts, Doll B: ds, Doll Furniture,
s Ow-fits, Work Boxes, Blocks,
tes, Watche , Rocking Horses,
1ave Ribbons .in all colors and
Holly and Season's Greetings.
atches and Air Rifles
:can please your boy better than
1 or an Air Rifle.
newest in -colored glassware.
Bowls. Dishes, Bureau Sets, Bis
would suit better than a beauti
orated Lamp for a Christmas
Our prices from $.o~o down.
s for Boys and Books for Gii'ls
oks for all ages, 5c and up.
ds, Bells, Candles and
rly. You can get a better
. See our line of Holiday
ronting ments, with interest from the day -of
sepa- sale at eight per cent., payable an
L Bur- nually, withi leave to anticipate pay
1 Capt. ments in whole or in part; the note
ime of and mortgage to contain a stipu-lation
requiring ten per cent. attorney's
;er will ,fees, if placed in the thands of an at
of the torney for collecition. Purehaser to
alance fpay for papers and recording.
rtgage j J. P. Wheeler,