Newspaper Page Text
DR. COOK FAILS TO
ESTABLISH HIS CLAIM
UNIVERSITY OF COPENHAGEN
The Record Inkufficient.- Another
Chapter in .Polar Controversy
Copenhagen, Dec. 21.-The report
Df the special committee of scien
ists, whih the University of Copen
hagen appointed to scrutinize Dr.
Frederick A. Cook's elaims that he
had discovered the North Pole, was
submitted to the consistorv of the
U-iversity this morning, endorsed by
that ,body and given to the public.
The report shatters completely, al
most contemptuously, the American
explorer's title to such discovery,
and fills the officials and people of
Denmark with chagrin at the figure
Denmark is made to assume in the
eyes of the scientific world. The pub
lie was prepared for a verdict of
"not proven," but did not expect
its rece-at hero to be branded as an
imQostor. Many still cling to the be
lief that Cook acted in good faith,
but harbored a delusion.
Explorers and scientists almost
unanimously have lost faiti'in Cook's
honesty, while one of his warm'est
supporters, Knud Rasmussen, the ex
plorer, helped to frame the report.
The evening pap!es attack Cook and
severely reproach him for hiding,
which they regard as a sign of a
The rector of the University, Dr.
Salomonsen, when questioned as to
the possibility of the University. can
eelling the degree which it conferred
ou Dr. Cook, said that no deeision
ldd been reached, but he thought
that th degree could be withdrawn
in the same' way as /a Government
could depriv.e a person of an order
obtained under false pretenses.
Coimodore Gustav Holm, the Are
tic explorer, and a member of the
Calls Cook -Swinder.
"Cook's claim that 'he made the
observation 89 degrees, 59 minutes,
46 seconds, ,near the -Pole, proved
4mmediately that he was a bad ob
server, but nothing indicated that he
w~as a 'swin.dler. Now his papers
conviet him of being a swindler. We
* Leixamined Cooks observations f!rst,
and agreed 'im-animously that they.
were worthless, Loose 's observations
were not contained i'n the papers Dr..
Cook submitted to-pie University. He
is a clever man, just the sort that
Cook cohld use.'
Prof. Oluensen, secretary of the
Danish Geographical Soeiety, said:
"It is the saddest event in my life.
As an explorer there seems -to be no
doubt that Cook is absolutely unre
The commitee appointed by the
University to examine Cook's rec
.rds recently,\presented its report to
ihs co'nsistoy of the University,
'which reviewed- the deductions of the
experts with 'the greatest ,eare and
discuss>d the findings from every
~standpoAit. That both the commit
tee and the consistory were disap
pointed was soon known.
The consistory met to-day and
adopted a written report to the effect
that the alleged re.cords submitted
for examination by 'Dr. Cook tailed
to prove his claim that he had
reached the North Pole. After ob
:taini-ng all available information, the
.?ommittee finds 'as follows:
First, the report of the expedition
sent. to the University by Dr. Cook,
* is the same as that printed in the
New York Herald during the months
of September and October last.
Second, the copy of Cook's note
book does not contain any original
astronomical observati-ons whatsoever
but only results.
Third, the documents presented are
-inexcusably lacking inu information
which would prove that the astro
nlomical observations therein refer
red to were- really made; and also
contaiii no details regarding the
practicat work of the expedition and
The sledge journey whieh would en
able the committee to determine
The committee, therefore, is of
trhe opinion that the matetial trans
mitted for examination .contains ac
nroof that Dr. Cook reached th4
The report is signed by all th<
maembers of the committee, whici
was composed of the following: Prof
Ellis Stromgren, director of the As
:ronomical Observatory; Dr. C. F
Pechu:le, astronomer, attached to th<
-observatory; Gustav Holm, explorer
Prof. A. B. Yonson, president of t.h<
'School of Navigation;~ Dr. Reyder
director of the meteorological offie'
and Dr. F. A. Engstrom, director o:
The TUniversity council 13sued this
"The documents handed the Uni
versity for examination do not con
tain observations and information -
which can be regarded as proof that
Dr. Cook reached the pole on his ex
The public is unable to compre
hend why Cook sent'his papers when
he admits in the letter presented to
Prof. Torp, former rector of the
University of Copenhagen by his
secretary, Walter Lonsdale, that "it
seems unwise and impossible to give
final judgment because of the ab
sence of the instruments -and obser
vations which I left at Etah."
Members of Committee Angry.
The members of the examining
committee are very angry over the
Doctor's behavior. Prof. Stromgren,
the' president of 'the committee, is'
furioAs and to-night characterized
Cook's treatment of the University
Inquiry as to whether the commit
tee would undertake a further exami
nation in the event of Cook\ending
for the instruments and observations
which are supposed to be at Etah,, de
veloped that a majority of the mem
bers were not disposed to waste any
more Lime on the matter.
The documents handed the commis
sion of the University of Copenhagen
for examination are:
First, a typewritten report pre
pared by Cook's secretary, Walter
Lonsdale, and covering, sixty-one
pages of foolscap.
Second, a typewritten copy "made by
Lonsdale from Cook's note-books.
This occupies sixteen pages of ools
cap and includes a description of tie
expedition during the period from
March 18, 1908, to June 13, 1908,1
during which, according to the state
ment Cook journeyed from Svarte
vog to the North Pole and returned
to a point on the Polar ice not spe
cifically -iadicated, but west of the
The papers were not accompanied
by a private letter from Cook, but
Secretary Lonsdale stated verbally
to the committee that the original
-otes and books of the explorer from
which his copies were made, had been
sent to Europe by another route, as
a precautionary measure and would
be delivered to the Ur#versity in the
course of a few days. *
Diaries Still Lacking.
In presenting the data Lonsdale
stated explicitly and rebbatedly that
copy numbered two was a -completa
and accurate duplication of the in
formation conta.ined in all of Cook's
note-books that could be 'of any im
portance to- the Univertity for the
purpose of investigation. In spite
of the aexplorer 's promise and his see
retary 's assurance that they would
be forthcoming the commission is not
et. in possession of the originial note
Took.s and aiaries. Up to this time,
it has been impossible for the au
~horities of the University to re-es
tablish communication with Dr.
Cook, which was suspended some time
ago. The explorer's address is not
known here even to Secretary Lons
After the members of the examin
ing committee have made themselves
acquainted individually with~ the ma
terial delivered and'so:eon,vinced tihem
selves of its utter worthlessness as a
means of determinating whether
Cook reached the Pole the president
of the committee, Prof. Stromgren,
called a general meeting of the com
mittee for last Friday, when the re
port to the University and which is
now made public, was drawn up.
Lonsdale;' who had been invited to
this meeting to answer some ques
tios, brought with him a letter
which he had received from Cooky,
which hore neither the plaee nor
date of its writing. The opened en
velope, however, bore the postmark
Marseilles, December 14, 1909. The
same envelope contained a letter ad
dressed by Cook to Prof. Torp. The
leter to Torp was dated New York,
September 27, 1909.'
"JUST AS I SAID."-PEARY.
Man Who First Disputed Qook's'
Claim Appears Satisfied.
Washington, Dec. 21.--"Three
months ago from the Labrador coast,
I sounded an explicit and deliberate
ly worded warning to the world,
bad upon complete and accurate in
formation in regard to the Cook
caims, In doing so, I accepted the
rponsibility devolving upon me
a;nd fulfilled my duty to myself and
to the world.''
Commander Robert E. Peary to
day thus pointedly expressed his sen
timents regarding the fa.ilure of the
University of Copenhagen to find
any proof of the discovery of the
North Pole by Dr. Cook.
Far from showing any delight ov
er the news from Copenhagen, it was
evident, however. that the explorer
received the news with much satis
". have known the outome of this
ince weeks before I reached this'
,ountry on my return from the Pole.
t was not a matter of belief witb
ne, but .of absolute knowledge.
"However, I shall not discuss this
natter i., detail for publication. It
s not necessary.
"The warning, which I sent to the
-ountry is still sufficient. You re
nember my cablegram from Battle
Earbor. Here is the exact wording
'' 'Cook has not been to the Pole,
April 21, 1908, or any other date.
'' 'He has simply handed the pub
ie a gold brick.' '
COCHRAN SUCCEEDS HIMSELF.
District Attorney's Name Sent to
Senate for- Confirmation.
Washington, Dec. 20.-President
Taft to-day sent the name of Ernest
L. Cochran, of Anderson, to the Sen
ate for confirmation to succeed him
self as district attorney for South
Carolina. Mr. Cochran has held the
position about four years, having
suoceeded John G. Capers ,and, ac
cQrding to the interpretation given
his re-appointment to-day, has per
formed his duties satisfactorily to
the Administration. , It is impossible
to learn whether or not there will be
a fight on Mr. Cochran, both Sana
tors Tillman and Smith having gone
home some time -go, and no one
here being authoAzed to speak for
them. It is b'elieved, however, that
unless there a<e charges against Mr.
.ochran which have -not yet come to
light a fight will not,be attempted.
As the Senate stands adjourned to
morrow until January 4, nothing of
public nature 'can be done in the
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