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TUBERCULOSIS AT TiE
STATE PENITENTIARY ONLY 28 PRISONERS OUT OF 70 FREE FROM DISEASE. State Board Urges That Hosiery Mill be Abolished and Suggests SeT eral Improvements. Findings and Suggestions. Only 28 prisoners out of a sample batch of 70 examined were found posi tively free of tuberculosis. Female prison should be condemned and destroyed. Toilets should be placed outside cell buildings. Bedding should be kept clean. Defective floors should be repaired. Only one prisoner should sleep in a cell. Hosiery mill should be abolished and convicts employed entirely in out door work. General hospital should have its piumbing brought up-to-date, should be cleaned and should be screened; separate wards for white women and for colored women and an isolation ward should be provided. Tuberculosis hospital should be screened. Races and sexes should be segregated. Mess hall and skitchen should be screened. Stables and pig pens should be removed as far as practicable from living quarters and be kept clean. Medical system is condemned as in adequate and inefficient. Prison phy sician should have an assistant, with trained nurses, white and colored, maA and female, to attend the sick. Plans for contemplated changes, in accordance with these recommenda tions, should be submitted by peniten tiary directors to State board of health for approval Tuberculosis hospital measures up to all modern requirements and is a lasting monument to Superintendent D. J. Griffith, who designed and built i.a Governor Blease has released for publication the penitentiary report from the State board of health, the principal recommendation of which is that the (hosiery mill be abolished. The report on penitentiary condi tions was made following a message to the general assembly, from Gover nor Blease, calling attention to rumors as to tuberculosis at the penitentiary. The legislature asked the board of health to investigate the condition of the (health of the inmates of the peni tentiary. Before the report of the board was made to him, Governor Blease stated that he would recom mend t.o the general assembly that the (hosier y mill be abolished. Governor Blease was naturally grat ified to see that the State board of health makes the same recommnenda tion. The board recommends outdoor work for the prisoners. State Board's Report. The report .ollows: Nr A. K. Sas.ders, Chairman Board of Direictors, South aCrolina State Penitentiary. Dear Sir: I have the honor to trans mit herewith the recommiendations of the executive committee of the State board of health for the sanitary im provement of the penitentiary, made in accordance with the following con current resolution adopted by the igeneral assembly at the last session: "Be it resol1ved by thie house of rep resentatives, the senate concurring, That the State board is hereby re quired, at as early a day as possible, to make a thorough investigation of the sanitary condition of the State penitentiary, and to take such steps as they may deem necessary to pre Tent the spread of tuberculosis among thbe convicts at the said State peni tentiary. "Any expense that may be incurred in putting the penitentiary in a sani tary condition shall be paid out of the funds of the penitentiary." Tuberculosis Situation. In compliance with this resolution the executive committee of the State board of health convened at Columbia on March 15. and in company with Capt. D. J. Griffith. superintendent, and Dr. F. W. P. Butler, prison physician, visited and made a thorough inspec ton of the penitentiary. This inspec tion was later supplemented by a phy sical and bacteriological examination of a number of inmates made by the sub-committee on State penal and charitable institutions, together with the State health officer and the direc tor of the laboratory, with view of ascertaining the prevalence of tuber culosis in the institution. Seventy prisoners were examined, of whom 21. or 30 per cent.. gave clinical symp toms and physical findings indicative of tuberculosis; 21, or 30 per cent.. gave results which justified a strong suspicion of tuberculosis, although a -romiie dagnos! could not be made; and 2S. or 40 per cent., gave entirely negative results. Bacteriological Examinations. The bacteriological examinations confirmed the diagnosis by the finding of tubercle bacilli in only one case. The committee on penal and charita ble institutions, however, report that the bacteriological examinations can not be regarded as thoroughly satis factory inasmuch as they had to be made under conditions which were not very favorable for accurate work. But in any case a careful physical exami nation will reveal the presence of tu berculosis before the specific bacilli can be found in the sputum; where fore, the result of the bacteriological investigation does not set aside the conclusions drawn from the physical examination. The following resolutions embody ing the recommendations of the board were unanimously adopted: Recommendations. "Resolved, That it is the sense of the entire board that the femalc pris on should be condemn!ed and destroy ed, and that a new building should be constructed at the earliest date possi ble; that to meet the present needs, the sick from this building be re moved to a ward in the general hos pital, and that all tuberculous patients be removed to the tuberculosis hos ital. "Resolved, That it is the sense of the board that the following changes should be made in the male prison building: That the present system of toilets arranged in the interior of the building should be placed in an exten- I sion outside of the building, and in addition to the four toilets to each floor two urinals should be added, so that the present method of vct ding urine into buckets and pouring it into the toilets can be done away with; that the floors in all the cells be re paired, where repsirs are needed; that the bedding of prisoners be kept clean; that only one prisoner be al lowed to sleep in each cell, and that some provision be made whereby pris oners on going to their cells for the night can procure their drinking water from a running spigot rather than dip it out of tubs, as is the prac tice at present. Outdoor Work Suggested. "Resolved, That after a thorough consideration of all the phases of hy giene and sanitation in connection with the work in tihe hosiery mill, it is the sense of the entire boar<d that this form of employanent should be discontinued, and that work of an out door nature sho'uld be provided. "Resolved, That we condemn the present toilet a.rrangements '1n the general hospita-1 building, and recom mend that toilets and baths in accord ance with modern sanita;ry ideas be installed; that the building be gen7er ally cleaned; that a ward be set aside for white women and one for colored; that proper isolation wards be pro vided and that the entire,~ building be thoroughly screened. Tuberculosis Hospital. "Resolved, That in the tuberculosis hospital we find nothing, with the ex ception that it is not screened, to con demn, but much to commend. We find that this building measures up to all the requirements of modern ideas for the care and trieatment of tuber culous patients, and we feel that it is a lasting monument to Col. D. J. Grif fith, who designed and built it We recomnend that this building be thor-1 oughly screened; that wards be s.et aside for white and colored women;* and that the races and sexes be seg regated. "Resolved, That we recommend the screening of the mess hail and kitch en, to keep out insects; that the sta bles and pig pens be removed as far from the living quarters as prac.tica ble, and that they be kept thoroughly clean to prevent the breeding of flies. "Resolved, That we condemn the present medical system as inadequate and inefficient. We recommend the employment of a chief physician and an assistant. We recommend the em ployment of a sufficient number of white and colored, male and female, trained nurses for the sick. "Resolved. That the board of direc tors of the State penitentiary be re quested to submit the plaans of all con templated changes, as recommended by the board, to it for its approval." Respectfully. Robert Wilson, Jr., Chairman Executivie Committee State Board of Health. HOSIERY MILL MUST GO. If Board Doesn't Act. "I Will." Says Governor Blease-Letter to Peni tentiary Directors. Columbia, May 12.--Governor B3lease has called upon the board of directors of the State penitentiary, to meet and decar'e null and void the hosiery mill contract. "If you do not give relief, I wl" writes the governor in a comn munication directed today to the ba nan to i Co D.T3 Griffith, the su "Watch i "HIGH PRICED QU The Ford quality ha be made attractively low. quality has sold all Fords s The Ford Featuri The Ford Motor, the and all the important elem We can prove this by show The Ford Car If roads are poor, if hills are stec then the FORDIMODEL T shows car, abundance of power, splendid < tire trouble, because of high clearal Runabout, $600. 1 F. 0. B. Factory, Equip The Newberry Nevvberry, S. C. JOHN DEERE DIVERSE CULTI' Adapted for almost any kind of cult Two levers, one on each side, allow adjustments. All Steel. No wood. C you can buy for durability and service. LB. A. GR IF F IN & C HA RLOT TE OBS EI From Now Until the End of th~ Baseball Season fo;r $2.50 Cash Must Accompany All Ord T he OBSE RV ER COMI Observer Building ChTarloti the Ford Gc W.MG FRiME QUAUWT IN A LOW PICM CA& AlITY IN A LOW P1 s never been sacrificed th Quality sold the first Ford ince that time. ,s Are Original, Not Ford Ignition System, the I ents of the Ford car are disti ing you in detail the consti is Built for Ho p, if land is sandy, if rocks abound, i ITS REAL SUPERIORITY. Becau lesign, simplicity of mechanism, low ace, this car has become immensel3 'orpedo, $645. Tout ment $80 Extra. We hav< |Iachine Shop a SPECL NEWBERRY SCH( AND T As a special inducer Newberry School of 5 enrolling in May a cor The regular price of Our graduates hay4 sitions and not one ha ATOR.inefficiency. They,ar vatng- ness men, railroads, et eapnst have been favored wi Sol.by ... CO. NEWBFERRY SCH( ____ ANDOT S* Telepi ~VER ' Now is the time to subscribe to Heral dand News, $1.50 per year. ers NOTICE OF FINAL SETTLEME3 ANY sJ~otice is hereby given that I make a final settlement of the es1 e, N. C. 'of Newton R. Lester, deceased, on 9th ay of May. 1911, at 11 o'cl )By ICED CAR" at the price might Cars in 1893 and Imitations ord Transmission rictive Ford ideas. -uction of the car. trd Work f wet weather,is plenty, se of light weight of the fuel consumption, little popular. ifg Car, $700 Cars in Stock. ~d Grg. lephone 60. AL OFFER OL OF STENOGRAPHY iPEWVRITING nent Mrs. H. 0. Ray, of The tenography, offers to those iplete term for $20.00. the term offered is $25.00. no trouble in securing po ; ever lost a position through e located with lawyers, busi ., and in each instance they th steady increase of salary. IOL OF STENOGRAPHY iPEWVRITING ione No. 244 [e a. 'n., in the office of the proba judge for Newberry county, and i meindiately thereafter apply for a di T. charge as administ:-atrix of38 estate. vill IDA B. LESTER, :ate Administratix of the personal estat the of Newton R. Lester, deceased. ock 4-25-4t-1taw.