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FARMERS' UNION HAD
VERY BUSY SESSION
PROTEST AGAINST CHANGES IN
Other Resolutions Passed-Goi. Blease
and Editor Poe Speak--Meet Next
Columbia, July 27.-Much work was
dispatched by the State Farmers' un
Ion during the second day of the two
-days' annual session, which closed this
ieenmng. Today officers were elected
and Charleston was chosen as the
:,ace of meeting for next year.
A protest was recorded against the
changes made in public school text
books, recently, by the State board of
education, a committee was appointed
to draft a bill upon the rural school
-problem, the Torrens system of land
Tegistration was endorsed, Clemson
,,college was asked to employ more fer
tilizer samplers, it was decided that
'the president should appoint a legis
lative committee, the movement to es
-tablish a State tuberculosis camp was
recommended and addresses were
'heard from Governor Blease and Clar
ence Poe, the latter being editor of
"the Progressive Farmer, of Raleigh.
The new officers are: President, E.
"W. Dabbs; vice president, B. F. Keller;
secretary-treasurer, J. Whitner Reid;
chaplain, W. E. Bodie; conductor, C.
'W. Suber; sergeant-at-a-rnms, W. P.
Caskey; doorkeeper, A. F. Calvert;
mnember of executive committee for
term of three years, H. T. Morrison;
-qdelegate to the National Union meet-i
ing, September 5, at Shawnee, Oklaho
a, J. B. O'Neall Holloway.
The text-book resolution was draft
ed by Major John G. Richards, Jr., of
Kershaw, and introduced by Delegate
Courtney, of Aiken., It was as fol
"Resolved, That we do hereby earn
estly protest against the wholesale
-changes in the public school books by
the State board of education at its
-recent meeting, as such ohnges were,
-n our jidgment, unnecessary and im
-pose a burden upon that class of our
-citizens least able to bear such bur
Wednesday night the organizaston!
'refused to pass -resolutions on the
-'same subject, which were more cen
sorious in tone.
.Other resolutions adopted were as
.follows: By H. W. Beall, of Mayesville.
Endorse Tuberculosis Camp.
"Resolved, That this body do hearti-1
liy endorse the movement now on foot,
'to establish in our State a ca;mp for
tuberculosis, and that we agree in
dividually and as county unions to
try to infiuence our respective legisla
tive delegations to aid this cause by
By W. A. Stuckey, of Bishopville:
'Rsolvied, .That Clemson college be
ske ~to ncrease the number of fer-'
By A. D. Hudson, of Newberry, for
- - he committee: "Wheireas the farmers'
and land-owners are entitled to get
credit as easily as city property-hold
ers and owners of manufacturing
properties, and, whereas, this -is not
true now, but would be helpful all the
tiene, and is especially important now
that the fairmers are trying to arrange
ro 'finance the coming cotton crop;
""Therefore, be it resolved, That we
'heartily endorse the Torrenis system
o~f registering land titles, 'by means of
~"wih farmers who wish may get their
'lands registered and guaranteed, so as
.to make the property easily nogotiable,
and avoid the necessity of paying
heavy lawyers fees, each and every
time a title is passed upon.
"Resolved, That the president ap
-point a legislative committee of three
- persons to look after all legislation in
- which the Uniion is interested for the:
.next .twelve months."
.. ('harleston's Invitation.
"'The invitation from Charleston came
by telegraph from A. W. McKea.nd,
secretary of the Charleston Chamber
of Commerce, and was presented by
H. T. Morrison, .president of' the Char-.
1leston County union. It was as fol
"Charleston desires the next meet
ing of the Farmers' union. Will offer
every convention convenience. Hold
hit in the city or on the Isle of Palms,
ma you desire. Chaarleston district
vieeds the convention for educational
purposes, possibly more than any oth
'r. Urge upon them that we want
* them. All organizations join in this
Thle date for the annual meeting is
fixed by the by-laws at the fourthj
Wednesday in July.
Those attendling the convention were
photographed today, posed in a group
-on the north portico of the State house.
It was Delegate Courteney, of Aik
en, who introduced the motion to in
die Governor Blease to address the
'eienvention, and A. D. Hudson, of New
'berry, headed the committee which
presented the invitation.
Gov'ernor Blease's Remarks.
govennr Blase heartily cornm:.
ed the purposes of the union, wished
it well and said he wondered that all
the farmers were not already mem
bers. He thought the union made one
serious mistake, which lay in eschew
ing politics. He said the farmers
were vitally affected by many legisla
tive matters, and could make their
wishes 'heard -in no more effective way
than through a good working organ
ization, and, in his opinion, the union
should maintain a live; tactful and en
ergetic legislative committee to look
closely after matters of concern to
the agricultural interests. He pledg
ed the union his hearty support in all
proper efforts if its wishes were plain
Mr. Poe's Speech.
One of the interesting features of
the meeting of the Farmers' union
was the address by Clarence E. Poe,
editor of the Progressive Farmer. Mr.
Poe's speech laid emphasis upon "edu
cation and immigration, both of the
right sort," as two policies the South
Carolina union should steadib advo
cate. He di not advocate unrestrict
ed European immigration, but selected
immigration of people of our own
stock, especially thrifty and prosper
ous Northern and Western farmers.
He urged this especially as the -surest I
solution of the vexatious race problem.
"I can not believe," he explained,
"that you white people of South Caro
lina will ever be content to have this
garden spot of creation remain per
man-ently the abode of a predominant
negro population." A great body of
small white farmers, each man living
undelr his own vine and fig tree, is the
safety of any State, he declared. Mr.
Poe spent the first half of his time
emphasizing the fact that the welfare
of every worthy interest, industry and'.
individual in the State depends uponl*
the efficiency of the average citizen.
"And one great question for us,there
fore," he continued, "is simply this:
How can we raise this average of ef
ficency?'- It seems to me that there
are just two basic and fundmental
ways: (1) Education for the deyelop
ment of our own people, and (2) iM
migration, bringing efficient people
from other -sections; and of these two
ways incomparably the gretest Is ed
Harmonious Meeting Ends.
The State Farmers' union ad.iourned
last night at about 11 o'clock, after
one of the most harmonious sessions,
in the history of the order in this
State. Matters of great moment were
discussed and a business plan for
bandlinig the cotton crop was adopted.
A strong committee was appointed on
the cotton marketing plan. On farm
life schools the following committee
was. appointed to report at the Janu
ary meeting of the union, by bill or
otherwise: H. W. Beall, A. J. A. Per
ritt and W. -A. Stuckey. The legisla
tive committee is: W. A. Stuckey, J.
H. Claffey and Dr. W. C. Brown. The
union called on the legislature to pro
vide for a tuberculosis camp. It also
condemned the State for its mislead
ing headlines over the summary of
erop conditions two weeks ago. Dele
ations from some counties stated ,hat.
the .raiLns have not yet come to0 break
the drought, and conditions are very
serious. The union ad.iourned to meet
about the middle of January. About
half the d'elegates left on the evening
rains and the rest on the trains this
morning. The executive committee
zhapped out a'n aggressive campaign
>f organization fort August and Sep
Gathering of Farmers Means Much to
State--Will Work for National
The annual meeting of the State
armers' union last week is consider
d one of the most harmonious in the
itory of the association. During the
past year an aggressive campaign has
been waged to increase the member
ship of the union and ,the result has
been a 33 per cent. increase. The
delegates attending the meeting were1
considered the most representative
body of farmers ever gathered togeth
er in South Carolina. The State or
gnizer is J. B. O'NeaIl Holloway, of
Newberry. His work has been mosst
effective. Unions have been organized
in all of the counties of the State, and
as has been announced the Sea Island
Cotton Growers' association~ has be
come~affiliated with the State union.
An important resolution adopted by
the union was the proposal that a
monument be erected in the city of
Washington to the lat Dr. Seamann A.
Knapp, the head of the UJnited States
farm demonstration work. All of the
farmers in South Carolina realize the
great work that was accomplished by
Dr. Knapp in the improvement of ag
ricultural conditions in this State.
The union went on repord as favor
g the Torrens system of land regis
Every local union in the State will
be asked to cooperate in the work of
making the National Corn show to be
position which is of national import
ance and scope will be held in the
capital city in January of 1913. To
successfully hold this exposition the
sum of $40,000 will be needed and to
that end a campaign has been launch
ed. The exposition will be for the de
velopment of South Carolina. It
means that several thwusand farmers
from the West and middle West will
visit this State.
Now is the time to subscribe to The
Herald and News. $1.50 per year.
Program of Interesting 3feeting to be
Held at Clemson August 8
(By D. N. Barrow.)
It is planned to hold August 8 to'11,
a round-up institute at Clemson col
lege, somewhat similar to the one held
last year, and all men who are inter
ested in improved agriculture are in
vited to be present upon that occasion.
The expenses while at the college will
be -one dollar per day for meals for
adults, children under twelve years
old, 50 cents.
The college regrets very much that
t can not include in this invitation
ladies as well as men, but unfortu
nately we are not fixed to take care of
ladies and therefore this invitation
will have to be confined to the men.
It is well for those who are comingi
to drop us a postal card asking that
beds be reserved. All who, up to the
umber of our capacity, do this will[
be guaranteed a bed. Bring with you.
what covering you need, pillow and
towels so that you may be comforta
The railroads have been asked to
give reduced rates for this occasion
ind we have every assurance that this
will be granted. Due notice thereof
will be given through the daily press.
The following is the program of exer-I
ises during the four days:
Tuesday, August 8.
2 p. m.-Address of welcome bv
President W. M. Riggs, Clemson A. &I
3 p. m.-Judging dairy cows, Prof.
Archibald Smith, head of the division
animal industry anid dairying..
8.30 p. m.-Address by Hon. E. J.
Watson, commissioner of agricultureI
ad industries, Columbia, S. C.
"Cotton," J. N. Harper, director S.
C. experiment station.
Wednesday, August 9.
9 to 11 a. m.-Judging hogs.
11 a.- m.-"Soil Fertility," Dr. Tait
Butler, associate editor Progressive
Farmer, Starkville, Miss.
"Beef Feeding," A. J. Shanklin, Co
lumbia, S. C. Discussion.
3 p. m.-Implement demonstration
and corn judging.
5 p. m.-Judging beef cattl e.
8.30 p. m.-"Good Roads," illustrat-I
ed lecture, Mr. Chas. H. Hoyt, superin
tendent road construction, U. S. of
ice public mr ds.
Thursday, August 10.
9 a. m.-Judging horses.
11 r. m.-"Use of Fertilizers," Dr.
B. W. Kilgore, director N. C. experi
ment station and State chemist, Ral-,
egh, N. C.
"Fertilizers," H. M Stackhouse, sec-'
retary board of control, Clemson Col
[ege, S. C.
3 p. m.-Corn judging and imple
5 p. m.-Soundness of horses.
8.30 p. m.-"Commercial Trucking,"
Dr. P. H. Rolfs, director Florida ex
periment station, Gainesville, Fla.
"Home Gardening," C. C. Newman,
horticulturist to S. C. experiment sta
ion, Clemsonu College, S. C.
Discussion-Jno. F. Monroe, South
Friday, August 11.
9 a. m.-Address by Bradford Knapp,
special agent U. S. farm demonstration
work, Washington, D. C.
Look! The Herald and News one
year for $1.50.
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