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TOLUME XLIX, NUMBER 86. NEWBERRY, SOUTH CAROLINA, TUESDAY, OCTOBER 24, 1911. TWICE A WEEK, $. A YEAR
GOV. JUDSON HARMON
AT UNIOF COUNTY FAIR
TIKOUSANDS GREET OHI0AN-HIS
"Harn:on for President," on Streamers
and Pennants, Probably Express
Sentiment of Carolinians.
S. E. Boney in News and Courier.
Union, Oct. 19.-Jtidson Harmon's
speech at the opening of the Union
county fair today, .lid the consequent
reception accorded him, may be re
zarded as the lahnb. in boomlet
form, of his campaign in South Caro
lina for the Democratic presidential
nomination next year. The governor
of Ohio is in the race, although he
does not say so, but why say so when
there are thousands of friends to per
form that part of tne labor?
Today that service was done by the
Hon. A. P. Sandles, secretary of the
State of Ohio agricultural department,
who delivered a rousing speech at the
conclusion of Gov. Harmon's address,
and, apparently, the city and county
of Union are for Harmon, if streamers
and pennants, bearing the battle cry,
"Harmon for President," are to be
.l Voice in Bad Shape.
At the Union fair grounds today
there were possibly three thousand
people, but not more than two hundred
heard Governor Harmon's speech. Suf
fering with a severe cold, the speaker's
'oce did not carry ten yards' distant,
and this fact, combined with the con
stant chatter of the uninterested, the
noise of the carnival speilers and the
alleged music in front of the "Oriental
Palace," hard by, presented a proposi
tion in the art of attention-holding that
Gov. Harmon could not successfully
Nevertheless, the plain, practical
talk of the Ohioan was well received
by those who did hear, and for those
who wished thcre were many nuggets
-of wisdom. Agriculture, as a scienti
fic profession, good -roads, good gov
ernment, taxation and the profits to
-be gathered from a good county fair
-were the subjects touched upon by
His Arrival and Departure.
Arrivag~ at Union at noon, Gover
nor Harmon was met by L. J. Brown
ing, president of the UJnion County
Fair asociation, and taken immediately
to the fair grounds. At dinner he was
entertained in the home of Mr. Emslie
Nicholson, one of the most prominent
citizens of Union. This afternoon he
returned tc his home m Columbus, af
ter his short tour, riich included
Ashevile, Raleigh and Union.
Talking to a crowd of newspaper
men on the train this afternoon, Gov
Cernor Harmon touched on a number of
subjects relative to ais work as gov
ernor of the Buckey'e State; the brief
he is preparing for tnle United States
supreme court relative to the matter
-of intra-State railroad rates; the tar
iff and other subjects of national sig
iiificance. But he assiduously refrain
ed from any discussion of the possi
bility of his being named by the Dem
ocrats of the country for their stand
ard-bearer, except in a matter relat
ing to W. J. Bryan. Nor would he
-express an opinion a.s to the effect
of President Taft's tour of the coun
try. He was asked the questions
whether or not it wae not a premature
defence of his administration, and
-whether or not he considered that the
trip was not pannifig out as the presi
dent and his frienas nad hoped, but
these he declined to answer.
Explains Bryan's Antagonlism.
Asked as to the cause of Win. J.
Bryan's antagonism to his cause, Gov.
Harmon said that there was a close1
personal friendship between himself1
and the Nebraskan, out for some poli-i
tical reasons, dating jack some years,ji
possibly, Mr. Bryan did not wish himi
to be chosen by the Democrats as pres-j
idential nominee. He explained that
in the Ohio State senatorial election
last year, Bryan had written a letter
demanding that the Democratic con-i
vention nominate a candidate for sena-i
tor. This Gov. Harmon opposed, be-<
cause many of the clstricts had al
ready electe:l their delegates on the t
would be done, and that to spring
such a course upon delegates without
instructions would be a breach of faith.
In connecting the names of Harmon
and Bryan, it may not be impertinent
to repeat a remark heard today. Giv
ing his opinion of Governor Harmon
as a stump-speaker, some one said:
"Well, he can not make a talking
speech, but the Democrats pinned their
faith three times on one of the finest
orators in the country and lost. They
might not do ill to try a man that isn't
such a great speaker."
In line with orthodox Democratic
principles Gov. Harmon is for tariff
for revenue only. . The present system
is unequal and unfair, says he, and
does not suit the country at large.
"This is a big country," said he, "and
it takes a broad statesman's view to
see what kind of a tariff is needed to
protect the interests of all the people."
Pardoned Few-'_ever Met Blease.
"How many pardons have you grant
ed, Governor Harmon," asked, one of
the newspaper men.
"Very, very few," was the reply; "I
do not like to interfere or set at naught
the work of our courts. I grant re
prieves willingly on any lind of a
reasonable showing, for~ I want no
man to go to his death with the slight
est doubt about his guilt, but I grant
very few pardons."
Governor Harmon seemed to be a
little surprised to hear that there had
been gra,nted in this State about two
hundred pardons and commutations in
nine months, but said nothing.
"Did Governor Blease, of South
Carolina, call on you, Governor Har
mon, in your home in Columbus and
assure you that South Carolina would
back you for the presidential nomina
tion?" was asked. The reply was that
Gov. Blease did not visit Columbus
when he atttnded the Red Men's con
vention at Cleveland, and that Gov.
Harmon had never had the pleasure
of meeting the Soum Carolina execu
Has Praise for Press Men.
When asked how he got along with
the newspapers in his State, the Ohio
chief magistrate said that he had
been treated fairly and that his rela
tions with the newspaper men both
in Ohio and in Washington, had been
the pleasa'ntest. He said that he had
never been betrayed by one of them,
aand that he was profoundly grateful
for the asistance th.e press 'had given
him in his work.
"And I see your papers .down here
have very young men," said Governor
Harmon, glancing around at the little
group of "beardless youths;" "and you
know I associate more with young men
than I do .with men or my age. They
teach me something, and I believe, I
mean something to them."
Regarding his work in the office of
governor, it is a well known fact that
Gov. Harmon has rid the State of Ohio
of the old political machine put in
operation during the days of Mark
"It was hard work," he said, "and
with a hostile legisiature I was help
less until T got a Democratic body
together; then we strted our reform
Reformed Tax System.
Possibly one of the greatest accom
lishments of his administration was
he correction of the tax system. In
hio, now, all property is returned at
ull valuation, but the total assess
nent can not exceed 1 per cent. As an
nstance of the changes made, one cor
oration returned its noldings at two
nillions, now it is assessed on a basis
f nineteen millions. Tax assessments
nd collections are in the hands of the
state departnient of taxes and the
~hief of this department has collectors
n every district.
Governor Harmon !s of' the opinion
~hat taxes are reasonably equitable in
'is State and that there is no dissat
sfaction. It is recalled that in South
Jarolina, for several years, it ~has
een proposed to. place the system on
ust such a basis.I
Ohio, according to Goev. Harmon, has
;olved the good roads question. Its
;overnment includes a Sta.te depart
nent of good roads and the State, from
ts excise tax. 'provides a fund for the
~onstruction and maintenance of good
oads. In addition, the counti-es have
heir road tax and the smaller high
Inspeaking of his occupancy of the
governor's chair, Mr. Harmon said
that he had derived a lot of keen pleas
ure from it, although the work had
"Helped" by Roosevelt.
"Wen I lay my duties down in
January, 1913," said he, "I will have
the consoling consciousness that 1
have tried to do may work well and
that I have enjoyed it all the while. I
have had all kinds of opposition, even
to President Taft sending four of his t
cabinet members to tour the State I
against me; and, in addition, Col.1
Roosevelt made speeches in two towne
against me in the last election."
It may be recalled that Governor I
Harmon swept the two counties in t
which Roosevelt spoke and that, af- I
ter the election, Hugh L. Nichols,
chairman of the State Democratic exe- t
cutive committee, sent the following
telegram to Col. Roosevelt: "Lucas C
county and Cuyahoga county, the two
counties where you defamed Gov. Har
mon, show a not Democratic gain of t
9,000. Come again."
"Why are you charged with being a I
reactionary?" Governor Harmon was t
asked. Replying, ht said: "I am sure I
I do not know; yo,6 wtll have to get t
that from the accusers. I tell you
this, though, in my life I have learn
ed that it is a great deal better to pro
fit by -the mistakes of othere than by
your own mistakes. Now, instead of
accepting with open arms every new
theory of government, I prefer to see
it tried first. Take, for instance, the
initiative and referendum; let those
Western States that have adopted the
plan try it out, and then if it works,
others may well follow such. I believe
in trying it on the dog first, with no
reflections meant in the homely illus
Judson Harmon, the Man.
Gov. Harmon, as intimated, isn't a
strong stump speaker; he- will never
sweep the country by the power or
eloquence of bis oratory, but he is a
man of prepossessing appearance, be
ing a little over six feet tall and
weighing two hundred and fifteen E
pounds. He has a fine physique and N
at once comnands attention. His clear C
blue eye is sparkling -with good health. C
A good conscience and a keen appre- f
ciation of the humor of life impresses t
one with the fact that he is a work-C
er, maybe, a plodder, abut he is a work- c
er none the less.
Mr. Sandles, who has accomnpanied
Gov'. Harmon on this trip, said to the 1
News and Courier reporter that 'he t
and Gov. Harmon were 'highly pleas-. C
ed with the reception that had been
given them in North and South Caro
lina, and expressed hIs hopes that the j
Ohio executive 'would occupy the
White House at Washington before
the lapse of any great while.y
"What he has accomplished for the 6
State of Ohio," said Mr. Sandles, "he
can and will do for the United States, ~
and that means the righting of many
wrongs and the doing away with many
EILLED BY AUTO AT ROCK HILL~
Car Driven by Roddey Reid Crashes I
into Hack and Kills White
Rock Hill, Oct. 21.-An automobile a
ollision occurred here last night, in ~
which R. C. Hendricks was killed, Miss
Lemmond, a trained nurse, had her
ollarbone broken, and Chief of Po- N
ice Partlow had his wrist badly v
The accident occurred on the Salu-!.
a road within the incorporate limits.
r. Roddey Reid, with Chief Partlow f~
nd Misses Lemmond and Owens, were e
n Mr. Reid's car returning to the city c
from a ride out the Saluda road. Hen
dricks, who was a hackman, was tak-a
ing to her home an old colored woman
with a big basketful of dishes, andg
had reached a point on the Saluda
road, just outside of the settled portion
f the city, when the crash came.v
There will be Sunday school and a
public missionary service at Colony m
church next Sunday beginning at 10 SI
. n. The ladies and children will 01
bring their offerings as this will be e~
the last service before convention.
Everybody cordially invited. fc
Jas D. Kinard. 'Pastor.I
FARMERS' CORN COTEST.
Vewberry Farmers' Union Announce
Rules and Regulations and Prizes
The following prizes are offered foi
he year 1911 by the Newberry Count)
First, second and third prizes foi
he greatest yield of corn on one acre
First, second and third prizes foi
he cheapest yield per bushel of corr
>er acre. No yield less than 40 bush
s to be considerd.
First, second and third prizes foi
.he best single ear of corn out of ex
libit of ten ears t--en from the con
est acre, or by a c .-itestant who doet
iot enter the other two contests. Nc
Tield less than 40 bushels to the acre
o be consi,dered.
Rules governing Farmers' unior
orn contest in Newberry county:
Any member of good standing in thE
inion and who has contributed some
hing for the furd offered in prizes
Lnd who grows an acre of corn com
)lete, and has enrolled his name with
he county secretary, J. ). O'Neal]
lolloway, Newberry, by or before Oc
ober 15, 1911, may compete.
The amount of the yield and thE
neasurement of the land must bE
nade and certified to in writing by al
east three disinterested witnesse
Aho shall be satisfactory to the coun
In estimating profits uniform prices
;hould be used; for instance, $5 pei
Lcre for rent, 10 cents per hour fol
work of each laborer and fiv;e cents
tn hour for each horse; corn 80 centc
L bushel as standard of value; stovel
10' per ton-, one ton of stover for ever3
15 bushels of corn.
Prizes will be awarded in Newberry
n November. The judges will be se
ected by the officers of the county
inion. No announcement of the yiel
>y the judges shall be made before
ovember 15 or whenever the awards
hall be made.
A written statement of distinterest
d witnesses of the yield per acre; a
vritten account of the history of the
rop and a s'tatement of the expenses
>f the crop -by th-e grower, on blanks
urnished by county secretary, and a
en-ear exhibit of corn taken from the
iontest acre must be made to ' the
ounty secretary at least ten days be
ore November 1, 1911.
That there may be uniformity in
naking a report of the corn crop in
his contest the following order to be
>bserved is suggested:
Report of ................
'ost office ....... ... .......-.
. F. D..... ....Township........ -
1. Character of soil.............
2. Crops grown on acre for last two
ears; yield of same.
3. rearngthe land, dates of
lowing, p.lows used, other implements
4. Planting, dates, seed, width. of
ows, distance in drill, planted with
and or machine, ge:-mination of seed,
umber stalks on acre.
5. Full report of .cultivating crop,
lows and other imp.lements used.
6. Cost: Preparatrion of land, seed,
lanting, cultivating and any other
bor, fertilizers and any other man
res, gathering, any other items of
7. When gathered, witnesses.
8. Total number of pounds.......
umber pounds shelled corn to 100
ounds corn in shuck......., corn
n cob.......Total number bushels
9. Value of crop.., corn-.'...
dder....., stover.... , expense of
rop....... Net profit........ Net
>t per bushel .......
Any other matters of special value
rid interest connected with the crop
ill be helpful and instructive in the
The school trustees in the township
ill act in the matter as they did last
sar, observing the same rule in filling
The acre of land must be carefully
easured (43,560 square feet, or 4,840
iuare yards to the acre,) and diagram
plot must be given, with length of
tch side given.
Care in making the report WIlE.
r much with the comrmittee of award.
I hall be giA~ to g-ive any fuirther
** S*** * ** * e''S SS'''S
THE IDLER. *
*** ** *** *** * ** * *** *
I was talking about selfishness. You
know I am fully persuaded that sel
fishness in the bane of this age. It
comes largely from the materialistic
tendency of the age. We need to cul
tivate more the emotional side of our
nature. You may think that a queer
statement for an old person like me,
but it is very true. "Some people nev
er grow, emotionally. If a man's body
stops growing, he's a dwarf, if his
mind ceases to expand, he's a simple
ion, but we never take account of his
soul. I. haVte a friend, physically
magnificent, who combines within him
self the intellect of a philosopher, the
diplomacy of a statesman, the execu
tive ability of the general of an army,
the courtesy of a Chesterfield-and the
emotions of a rabbit." It is said that
Darwin had observed and classified
some 60 canine emotions expressed by
the bark. Yes, sir, what we need is
to cultivate the soul-that is if you
really believe you possess a soul.
"The happiest people in the world
are those who serve others rather
than themselves. The more you give,
the more you have; the more you take,
without giving, the less you have that
you can keep." Then there is a high
er authority op this subject of giving
and serving, and tbe result of with
holding more than is meet. I wish
you would look it up and let me
know what it is. A selfish person is
really not happy and on account of
the great number of selfish people in
the world today is the reason for a
great amount of the unhappiness. But
you say, I am dreaming and theorizing
and this is a practical age. I grant
you that is true, and I am trying to
show you one of the evil tendencies of
the age, and to enlist your efforts to
stem the tide and help me to make this
a 'happier and a better day for every
mortal who is here.
I see some one claims to have found
the editor's kpife, but refuses to give
it up and claim the reward. Now, I
suspect this fellow has .reached the
conclusion that the editor can not pay
the reward and he is just baiting to
see if he can manage to get that re
ward. The editor ought to have hies
knife, and if this youngster who has
it will give it up I will take up a sub
sription and see if I can not make up
the amount of the reward, because I
am sure the reward is more than the
worth of the knife, but as the editor
seems to want it I think he should
There must be liquor in town some
where, as I saw some evidence of it
the other day, but it is mighty hard
for me to find any. I wanted some1
mighty bad the other day-for sick
ness, of cou'rse--and I asked every
flow I met if he could put me
wise, but there was nothing doing. I
don't know why, but I could not get
even a good smell. If anybody has
any I wish you would put them out of
business, Mr. Recorder, because they
are so selfish with it Won't let a
eller have a drop when he needs it
I started to get down that volume
f statutes of the town tonight and
uote some of the statutes that have
een forgotten, but I concluded, after
ooking over it, that I would not, be
nformation that1 I can.
J. B. O'Neal1l Holloway,
Coury Secretary F. U.
The following are the contestants in
the Farmers' Union corn contest for
1911 so far as reported to the county
secretary of the union:
J. F. Stephens, Newnerry, R. F. D.
C. M. Folk, Newberry, R. F. D.
H. M. Wicker, Poma,ria, R. F. D.
Jno. T. Oxner, Newberry, R. F. D.
N. E. Hunter, Prosperity, R. F. D.
Joe WV. Hunter, Prosperity, R. F. D.
T. T. Hunter, Prosperity, R. F. D.
T. G. Hawkins, Prosperity, R. F. D.
W. C. Brown, Newberry, R. F. D.1
Rev. J1. A. Sligh, Slighs, R: F. D.
Geo. A. Dickert, Newberry, R. F. D.
Welch Wilbur, Newberry, R. F. D.
Walter L. Buzihardt, Newberry, R.
cause I might be the first one locked
up. I was not sure, for instance, that
my old dog had a collar with his li
cense on it to do business on the
streets, and I was sure he did not
have a muzzle, and I did not want him
impounded-I believe that is what the
police or dog catcher has to do when
he finds one at large without a collar
-and I did not want my faithful Fido
locked up, because I did not have the
wherewith to release him, and I see
he is coidemned to die after five days.
Now, I saw a whole lot of big ugly
looking bull dogs on the street the
other day without a collar and without
a muzzle, but then they were not my
dog Fido and that makes a difference,
you know. My old oog is very faith
ful, and about the only real friend I
have, and I do not know what I would
do without him. But I am really and
truly afraid of these fierce looking
bull dogs I see now and then on the
streets-that is to say I see them every
day I am on the streets.
Just for the amusement of the thing,
not that any one .wants to see the ab
surd law enforced, but just to hear
how it sounds, suppose we read Sec
tion 295, at page 90, of this book of
laws: "Sec. 295. It shall be unlawful
for any dog to run at large in the
streets of the Town of Newberry, un
less such dog is securely muzzled, and
any dog found running at large with
out such muzzle shall be impounded
five days, and unless the owner shall
claim said dog and pay into the
treasury of the Town of Newberry a
fine of five dollars said dog shall be
killed. Any owner or owners of a
dog or dogs whash l permit them' to
run at large in violation of the prm
visions of this section shall, upon con
viction thereof, be fined not more than
five dollars or be imprisoned for not
more than .thirty days for each of
Of course, this law.was not made to
be enforced, until some mad dog bites
some little child, and -then every old
dog seen in two miles of Newberry
will be impounded,. until the official
memory becomes inactive, and then it
will be all over again. I do not want
the new recorder to see this because
he might order the police to get busy
and poor old Fido would be sure to
be the first to get within the clutches
of the offBeers, and he woud be im
pounded-whatever that is and I know
it must be something terrible-and I
couldn't raise the five al there I
would be without dear old Fildo.
NEGRO SHOOTING SCBAPE.
Hot Snpper In Broad River Seedo,v
Has Usual Accompaniment-N(e
gro Woman Wounded. A
On Saturday night there was a ne
gro hot supper on the place of Mr.
J. S. J. Suber, Jr.,' in the Broad Rivier
section of the county. A shooting
scrape took place, as customary,
among the negroes, and a negro wo
[an was very seriously shot. It seems
that Thos. Wicker, better kniown as
'Du.mp" Wicker, 'had a disputg with
Joe Si'mms, he says, about a da.nce,
and he drew his pistol and fired at
Simmns, but the shots took effect in
It is not known whether the wound
is vary serious or not. Sheriff Buford
sent Deputy Sheriff Pope Buford to
he scene on Sunday, as soon as he
eceived the information of the diffi
:uty. Wicker was found on Mr. Jao.
Iraam's place and was arrested by
dr. Buford, assisted by 0. B. Graham,
tnd was brought .to Newberry and is
n jail now on the charge of a.ssault
nd battery with intent to kill.
Several Cutting Scrapes.
One night last week, Clarence Gold
n cut Jno. Miller severely on the left
rm. The negroes nyve on Mr. T. J.
)avenport'a place near Belfast. It
eing about 2 o'clock at night, and not
ble to get a physician promLptly, Mr.1
avenport acted as surgeon and took
4 stitches in the wound.
This is three cutting scrapes on Mr.
)avenport's place in the last four
:eeks and in tv;o e:s Mr. Davenport
ted a surgeon.