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<$> rural school supervision.
<? ?S> <s> By Prof. W. Jk. late. <r> <$><?><?><$>$><$><?> ' Columbia, S. C., Sept. 10, 1912. To the County Rural Scnool Super (visors: I have thought it best at the beginning of the new school year to put into this form a few observations as to the . nature of your work and a few suggestions as to the best methods of assisting the country school teachers of South Carolina. As I have stated to ypu in conference, this work is untried in South Carolina and each of you will be expected to give her own individuality the greatest possible freedom in working out the general purpose contemplated by the State and county departments of education. As conditions vary in the counties which Iyou represent, the scope of your activities will differ. From time to time I shall make other suggestions as they occur to me, and it is my earnest wish to have every suggestion which each you can make for the good of us all. It is my desire as soon as possible after opening of the schools in the fall to spend a few days with each of you in a practical study of your problems. If you have not arranged a date for this visitation, I should be pleased to hear from you as to the most con-j venient time. Official Status of the County Supervis? or. With one exception you are officers elected by the county board of education and supported in whole or in part "Jrom the county school funds. I have j rbeeii pleased to note that in most cases j the county superintendent has given j your office a space on the official sta-; tionery. You are to be one of the arms of the county superintendents of j education for the execution of suchI plans as he and the county board may I devise with your advice and assistance j for the improvement of the country: 'schools of your respective counties. The money which has been secured from the Peabody fund to assist the county in maintaining your work will be placed in the county treasury subject to the orders of the county superintendent of education. From this ffund and from the funds appropriated by the county itself your salary will 1 no doubt be paid monthly by the coun -* ^ ? i. TT? ?in I zy 6upermienaeni. iou win ui wuibc keep closely in touch with the county superintendent, consulting with him freely and making such reports on your work as he may desire. I shall ask you at the close of each calendar month to make me, as State! supervisor of country schools, a brief . report covering your activities for the month. This may be a copy of the report which you make to the county superintendent, if he wishes such a report. My object, however, in asking for it is to duplicate it and send each supervisor a ccpy of 'the report made by every other one. In this way we ^ can each have the benefit of every one's experience. Tnese reports snouici be perfectly free and frank. Except for the eyes of the workers, they will be strictly confidential. Official Authority. As an appointed officer of the superintendent and the county board of education you have such authority as this body may confer upon you. The supervisors sometimes ask me to what extent they can enforce in the schools the reforms which they know are necessary to their improvement. We must continually bear in mind that education is a spiritual and not a mechanical process. My own experience in school .-supervision has taught me that the supervisor is equipped with only that authority which an earnest personality, enthusiastic devotion to the work, and a superior knowledge of end and means may confer. In our dealI ings with teachers it will be necesb sary to exercise consummate tact. Especially in the beginning, many of B ? them will be suspicious of us. They W will distrust our motives. Sometimes p you will enter a school room in which * , the teacher instinctively arrays herself against the one who comes to supervise her. Our attitude towards the teacher must be not that of the boss, nf th& frionH anH hf>lr>pr whr? has : UUt VI tiiv ?. * *ViiU ,, come in an unobtrusive way to assist her in solving the difficult problems \ which she has met in her classroom. The more quietly and unobtrusively a suggestion can be given the more potent it is. The supervisor should con- j stantly endeavor to establish friendly j personal relations with the teachers and the pupils of the county so that they may welcome her coming and not look upon her visit as an official af-j flition to be dreaded. Much of the su-: T* J J pervisor's success win uepeuu un uci ability to find something to commend i in the work of even the poorest teach-1 <rr. A commendation of something j worthy of commendation offers the | best fulcrum for the timely suggestion I which would otherwise be regarded as i harsh criticism. The success of the supervisor will also depend on her, ab;'- > o keep the confidences of the' [ ? Nes< i ! I NOSE cr ka/JL4 ROB] ' . . | teachers inviolate " nd to maintaii | with others a discreet silence concern ! ing the shortcomings of the teachers j It is expedient to report success, bu : it is most unwise to .gossip about th ; failures and shortcomings of thos ! you are endeavoring to assist. Some Difficulties to Be 3Iet. I There are difficulties in our worl ! we must face frankly with the deter i mination to overcome them as far a ! possible. Progress will necessarily b slow. We are under the necessity o overcoming the neglect and indiffer ence of years in the development o the country schools. We must mak up our minds to let nothing discour age us. The question of conveyance fron one school to another over the countr; is a rather important one. It will of ten be impracticable for the supervis or to keep a horse and buggy of he: own, though this of course would b? best. Most of the supervisors depent on the people of the community visit ed to convey them to the next school After spending a day with one schoo the trustees are usually willing t< take the supervisor to the next schoo which she wishes to visit. In thi< way the traveling expenses of the su pervisors may be reduced to a mini mum. The supervisor will be most sue cessful who can best make herself a home with country people and wh< really enjoys the accidents and hard ships incident to her work. Wihen th< task is approached with the true pion eer spirit there is really a great dea of fun in it. In spite of the bad roads the cold and rainy days, and the othei things we are accustomed to call "hard' ships, it has been my observation tha the supervisors without exception im l-r. "hoolfVt JJT1/1 CtTPTTP'th yw.t xil broaden in human sympathy. Suggested Lines of Work. As I 6aid before, the work of th< county supervisor will vary with condition. The following are suggested as among a fruitful line-of activities: 1. Assist the county superintendem and trustees in finding good teachers for the country schools. The trustees who are under our law charged witl the duty of selecting teachers, hav< little opportunity to make a good selection. They are either limited tc the few teachers whom they kno^ personally, or are dependent on the tender mercy of the teachers' agency The best service which a county supercised can perform is to help the county superintendent and trustees tc find a good teacher for every school ir the county. If I can be of any assistance to you in this respect, kindl} command me. 2. Encourage the trustees, the patrons, the school improvement association to prepare the school house anc grounds for the opening of the school session. The yard should be cleared of weeds, the floors swept and scour ed, the windo'&s and doors repaired the furniture arranged, the seats screwed to the floor, the blackboards put in repair, the wells should b? cleaned, and the closets and other outbuildings put in thoroughly sanitarj condition. A card written by the county superintendent and the supervisor to the chairman of the board insisting on this preliminary work, and followed up by newspaper articles will gc far towards getting the school houses ready for the opening. Try to get every pupil in the district enrolled on the opening day. Encourage teachers and trustees to make the first day of school an edacational rally day and an occasion in the community. Farm work will keep many children out of school during the firsl weeks of the session. Try to have everyone of these present at least or the first day when they may De enrolld and classified and may receive the list of books for the session. Bj home study many of them will dc much toward keeping np with theii classes. Endeavor to get them tc school on rainy days when farm work is ipossible. Many children are slou in starting to school because the datf of opening has not been thorough I\ advertised. Enlist the cooperation ol the ministers and the Sunday schoo THE GREA AMQ MO 1 2ES TO FIT AN\ INSON'S Successors to i superintendents to get these to an- j tl - : nounce the date of school opening two j S t.; or three weeks before the event. This ! c t! will giv parents time to get their chil- ! G ej dren ready for school. It is frequent- p e! ly possible to get trustees to give in- s ? | formation by postal card to every pat- a j ron in the district as to the date of x ; school opening. ti ' ? * * - v - - xv I h -1 4. See tnat eacn teacner in me uuuu- s. ty is supplied with a copy of the Ele- a e mentary Teacher's Manual. A supply c f of these manuals for your teachers 0 - may be obtained by writing the Hon. i* ' J. E. Swearingen, State superintendent)1' e of education. You can assist the coun- a - ty superintendent in the distribution ^ of these manuals and can urge each c 1 teacher to make herself thoroughly fa- t( miliar with the contents. In thisbook c -1 it has been my endeavor to make sug- P -; gestions which may have a practical ^ i* application in the country schools of 2 this State. T] * i n. As you visit the schools encourage the teachers to read and study other * pamphlets, journals and books. I j0 1 wish every country teacher in the State -? t' 3 would read during the year Miss * Field's little book, "The Corn Lady." ^ 5 This is published by A. Flanningen &' n " Co., of Chicago, and costs 50 cents. c " In the manual will be found a list of a I books which will be helpiful to your ^ teachers. The school NeWs and Prac- d t tical Educator, published vat Taylors- 01 5 ville, 111., is one of the best papers for' "country teachers Which hais come into* 11 3 '1*' ' J S -; my possession. A card addressed to ' the publisher will bring * a sampler 1 A/*?inii1fnrc Tin h 1 ic}"> Pfi ^ | (.' JP v . OUilUUl AgMVUiiui^ ' by the Orange Judd Co., New York f< r i city, is an invaluable aid to the coun- r< "! try teacher. Direct your teachers con- r< t tinually to the publications of the c< "(United States Bureau of Agriculture * and to Clemson college. Write the bureau of agriculture- for a copy of 0 , their bulletin entitled "Publications of n i! the bureau of agriculture classified 0 . for the use of teachers." You may g I remember that last spting I sent a c j circular letter to every country teachi . tj t tr in the State calling then* attention ; | to the most important of these publi, | cations. If you can use copies of the s f o i j bulletin entitled "School Exercises m ' T>1 ? * T>? ^^>-i ?? j Ti?ira norhanc 9 - ^ J . riit'llL nuuuv^uuu, l uarc py- -, -: 000 copies of these in my office for r > I distribution. I have also 1,500 copies n r i 'of a pamphlet issued by 'Clemson col- b I SI \ j lege at my request entitled "Home . Gardening in South Carolina." I can e .send you as many of these as you ; I wish. ' t] i v, ) 6. Encourage the establishment and a i, development of country school libra-' ries in your county. The teachers are 71 not taking run advantage 01 ujis act |of the legislature. By complying with the law, a $15 addition to the library may be made annually. Look carefully through the State library list and help the teachers make a sensible, selection of books. Most of them r< ? tanilDnnt; f A colo^t hnntc hp OJLIV/W d iv Ci , yond the interest and capacity of the 5' country child. Every library should ^ 5 have at least one good set of supple16 3 mentary readers which may be used j to vary the monotony of the reading P 1 lesson. Show the teacher how to j make the school library a center for ! dissemination of the government bul! letins and other helpful and inierest ! ing literature among the adults of the ( . i ?i 1 n< ? i scnoui uibinui. ?] 7. As you have opportunity, encour- n< ! age the introductor of elementary ^ :! manual training, cooking and home i keeping, and sanitation into the eoun; try schools of your county. Every new sc building erected should have the tl workroom suggested in the State plans tr p A special bulletin wili soon be issued t giving detailed suggestions for the in- ei troduction of this work. Encourage a t the corn club, the tomato club, and T every other agency which will bring vi ; about a closer relation between the ai r schools and the life of the community, th ) Show the teachers hjw to teach coun- cc try children in terms of their own life, ta ) "The Corn Lady" will give von vain- di : able suggestions along this line. If t.r you can lead the teachers of your aj 1 county to grasp this one idea, you will cc r be worth $10,000, to your county this C; I year. There will be bound in book pi I II Milne's Progressive Course in Ari- le mmmKsssxsammummmBcema.- EWnDBBBMBnBBaiBDBBBBKBM < itary T KITCHEN P> CIVETS ] r STOVE F TEN C Anderson's Tc hmetic a special farm supplement for -outh Carolina. Insist that all your ountry teachers use this supplement. rive tnem ail me assistance in yum ; ower in its mastery and correct pre- ; entation. I am sending each of you copy under separate cover. 8. The State department of educaion is preparing and will place in the ands of the county superintendents nd teachers of South Carolina a score ard for rating country schools. Copies f this score card will be sent you. It 3 intended to set an approachable leal before the teachers of the State nd to furnish them with a standard Dr estimating progress. Use this inentive to the limit. It would be incresting to make a tabulation of the lose of the year showing the total rogress of the county as shown by hese score cards. 9. When you visit a country school ae specific thing to attempt will naurally depend on the conditions which ou find. In general you may do some f the things indicated below: . I i a. Suggest such improvements in tie- arrangement of the furniture as ill give a better lighting. Make a ot of the cleanliness and sanitary ondition of the house and grounds, nd suggest improvements along this ne in accordance with the recommenations and rules of the State board f. health. * r . , , b. See if the teacher has the elelentary manual and is fbliowitfg the uggestions laid down therein. c. Assist the teacher in making a rtrVi -J ttfill rri tTA Vl ct|i> pi~ugraui ' ** win vi^i ?wer classes and a better general arangement of her work. Help' her corect mistakes in classification along je lines indicated in our Rook Hill onference. * d. Observe hex work in teaching the! rdinary school subjects and note the listakes she is making in her methods f procedure. At recess or after school ive her friendly suggestions as to the I orection of these errors. Gradually j ike part in the conduct of the recita- J ons, and during the day give tnree or j Dur model presentations of important i ubjects. Give the teacher the- benefit j f your experience in the manage- j lent of the school. If the reading is; oor and this is traceable to a poor j lethod of teaching the subject, it is j oHof fn oormro rJofinito rocillfo in lc f vH.Vl VW OV/VUl V A ?u v.?w ubject than to spread your efforts or- j r fhe entire curriculum. Of course j ; is not necessary for me to caution j ie supervisors against any action i hich might weaken the influence or \ nthority of the teacher with her putts. Tact constitutes three-fourths ; f your qualifications for your import- [ nt work. e. The supervisor who leaves with ie children at recess a new game or ~~wa ^ nawmoiianf rtrmfTi hntinn tr? ! IdlVCS sunlit j/ciuiau&ui. V/VUVt<wuv.?u .v ie- district resources for social ree^ation has done a good day's work. : through her suggestion a school or Dmraunity-literary society or a counr lyceum is formed and she thus con'ibutes to the elevation of the intel?ctual and social life, sho will-have! erformed a lasting service to her :>unty. Get the Clemson bulletin by j . W. Daniel on debating and public; iscussion for distribution in the j )unty. f. Look af the teachers register and Dte the enrollment and attendance. If j ecessary, instruct the teacher in1 eeping the register and making retired reports. g. Ascertain what children of the jhool district are not in school. Find le cause of the non-attendance and y to get them in school. h. I suspect that every county which nploys a supervisor will arrange for | county school field day in the spring, j he county superintendent and supereor will no doubt explain these plans id will bring about participation in ie field day by every school in the )unty. In the field day exercises cer- j tin events should be thoroughly J -illed and uniform for ail the coun-1 y schools. Each should be encour;ed, however, to make some original j >ntribution. The University of South aroiina and Clemson college each ! ublishes for free distribution a bul-1 tin on school athletics. I should be Drip I iECESSITY ClAO I 1 w 'RICES 10c to t :ent si in Cent Store More Than Profits to t On November 15th, with THE STANDARI PANY 41.517 bales of coi / day for middling cotton ii April 15th, 1912, THE ST. COMPANY held in stor; and the price for middlii that day was 11.55?a pr ten dollars per bale, wh the 41,000 bales of cottoi to warehouse it. THE STANDARD S is prepared to take care < the South Carolina farm< the cotton stored with it The only way for th< a fair nrirp for his nrorfii distribute its sale throug rushing the crop on the n ber and December, as 1: . pressing the price. The Standard Newberry, Si # pleased tx> make further suggestions along this line to such of the supervisors as may wish to receive them. 10. The county supervisor can assist the ccunty superintendent materially in the organization of the teachers into helpful agencies. The monthly program at these teachers' ? : * : 1 ^ v>^v <-\f o oniHpr? 1 v assuouuns iuuuiu uc- ?. ?., practical nature. As you mingle with the trustees and the people of your county keep constantly before their minds the advantages of special taxation for the maintenance of better schools. I have the ambition that during this year several other counties may take their places on the honor roll which Dorchester county started last year by securing a special tax in every district in the county. If you are not thoroughly familiar with the library law, the term extension act, the school building acts, or the rural graded school act, you should acquaint yourself with these acts and be prepared to explain them to trustees and the people. It is not my wish, however, that the supervisors should devote any large part of their time to the administrative side of the county school work. The county superintendent will no doubt lead the campaign in this direction.' It will of course be impossible for every supervisor to follow up all the suggestions which I have made in this long: letter. Using her own common sense, she will select the things which constitute the most pressing needs of her own county and will govern her acts accordingly. I shall hope befon Christmas to have the opportunity of spending a few days with each of you when all these questions may be thor Pans CLEAN 25c. ["ORE $400,000.00 he Farmers i 1911, there were stored ) WAREHOUSE COMtton and the price on that i New York was 9.50. On A.NDARD WAREHOUSE age 40,965 bales of cotton ig cotton in New York on ofit of a little more than ich went to the owners of i who were wise enough \ t, AREHQJISE COMPANY yf the l$12.eotton cron for jrs and to tend money on } cotton grower to secure ct is to warehouse it and hout the year, instead of t larket in October, Novemleretofore, and thus de- \ Warehouse Co. outh Carolina. \ $ oughly discussed. A copy of this letj ter has been sent to your county superintendent. ' *"i* Fraternally yours, W. K. Tate.. I T ??4. r ret; at LO>U i i It is the custom among some of the | New York theatrical managers occa| sionally to entertain the members of the local ball teams at their theaters. A ydung recruit from the high grass joined the Giants one day and that night went with his new teammates to a play as guests of the management. / The piece did not appeal to the men, though, and they failed to applaud with any degree of heartiness. After the curtain fell John McGraw, their manager, scolded them for this '?v lack of warmth. "Here you fellows come in here free and have the best seats th? house affords, and then you sit stock-still like a row of dummies!" he said. "I hope [ this doesn't happen again." The very next afternoon one of the ! ' veterans hailed the youngster at practice on the Pofo Grounds. "Well, kid," he said, "more big doin's tonight! Mac's going to take us to Bill Brady's theatre." "What's the show?" asked the green hand. "The show," said the veteran, "is Bought and Paid For." "Thank the Lord for that!" said the 4 youngster fervently. "If it's rotten we won't have to applaud."?Saturday Evening Post. >"ott is the time to subscribe to Tbc Herald and Jfews, $1.50 a year. ii mi iiihiiii mi