Newspaper Page Text
r The Herald and News
VOLUME LI., >"U3IBEB 64. JfEWBEKRY, S. C-j TUESDAY, AUGUST 12, 1913 TWICE A WEEK, $1.50 A YEAB.
JOHN HENRY CHAPPELL j
GOV BLEASE ANNOUNCED THE AP
' "* ' TTI11 Tota riiflrffD
?iil 5?ucceea >?. a. nm?v.?,
* Next Week When Mr. Hills Resignation
Special to The Herald and News.
Columbia, August 11.?Governor
Blease today announced the appointment
of John Henry Chappell as supervisor
for Xewberry county to fill
the vacancy caused by the resignation
of Mr. W. A. Hill, who well assume
the duties of postmaster cn the 15th
of August. This appointment holds
t. until the general election of 1914,
f "when an eletcion will be held for the
% Julius Blease Eison, little son of
Mr. and Mrs. Julius Eison, of Newberry
was operated on this afternoon
at a local hospital for appendicitis.
Mr. Chappell, who has been named!
as supervisor is well known to the
^ people of Newberry county. He has
V been a warm personal friend of Gov.
W Blease for many years and has held
^ several public positions. He was
' chief of police in Newberry several
' terms and the magistrate for Xos. 1
ana 8 townships, and then coroner of
In all these positions he has been
faithful and efficient. He is running
over with energy and enthusiasm,
i and will devote his best energies con
( scientiouusly to tne cuscuaisc vl
t - new duties.
For the past several years he has
i)een living on his farm near Newberry
and has pursued the policy of
growing his own hog and hominy.
St. Paul Sews.
St. Paul, Aug. 11.?Air. and Mrs. |
w Henry Furr and children, of Concord, |
W N. C., have been visiting at the home j
J of Mr. W. H. Kibler. They made i
the trip in their Ford car. j
Eleanor and Clarence Richards, of!
Columbia, have returned home after I
spending the sur^mer with their
grandmother, Mrs. R. E. Bedenbaugh.
At this writing, Mr. T. A. Epting
i has a son, Carl, who is ill with typhoid
L Mrs. Beatrice B. Hope returned last
m week from a two weeks trip to Spar
tanburg and Union, visiting relatives
f and friends.
Miss Elizabeth Furr, of North CaroUm
iina, is visiting in 'the community.
Dr. W. Lorick Kibler left Thursday
n \fnntront. N n.. where he i
i iui a 11 ip bv vm?i ... ?,
will join a party of friends on a cam-ping
Misses Annie Mae and Leola Bedenhaugh
entertained a number of their
} friends at a house party the past week.
Among those present were: Misses
, Erline and Lottie Bodie, of Batesburg;
Miss Etheridge, of Leesville; Mrs. C.
| G. Mixon, of Gainesville, Fla., and
Messrs. W. L. Kibler, Jno. . Derrick
and Hal Sheeley, of Leesville.
Mrs. J. J. Kibler is right sick at this
writing. Hope she'll soon be well.
| Sunday, the 17th, is "Old Folks day"
. at St. Pauls'. It will be an all day
^ meeting, and it is hoped that both old
and young will attend and enjoy
By Dr. A. J. Bedenbaugh, who has lo
\ cated in Columbia, was visiting his
P Vmother the past week.
' Mrs. R. H. McDonald returned from
} visiting her son at Hodges.
L Mr. and Mrs. Jno. F. Kibler visited
in Columbia last Wednesday.
I GOT HAS SLIGHT OPERATION.
BL Trouble of Elinor Nature and GoverB
nor is at Work, But Cancels Sereral
Special to The Herald and Xews.
Columbia, Aug. 11.?Governor Blease
. underwent a slight operation on his
nose in Charleston last week, the
operation being performed by E. F.
BParker. The trouble was not at all
^serious. *The operation removed a
r'small piece of bone on the inside or
the nose, and left no mark.
By reason of the operation, the governor
has found it necessary to cancel
his speaking engagements for the
remainder of this month. On the day
following the operation, however, he
returned to Columbia and resumed
The routine duties of his ofnce.
CONGRESSMAN LEVER'S MESSAGE. I
The New Chairman of the House Committee
on Agriculture Tells of the
Government's Plan to Promote 1
A. F. Lever in Progressive Farmer.
T wich tn pynrpss tn vou mv verv I
keen appreciation of your letter of
congratulation upon my appointment
as chairman of the house committee
on agriculture. Personally, I should
prefer infinitely to be the chairman of
this committee than- to hold the chairmanship
of any other committee of
the house, because my service on it
mnkps mf> know t.h&t no other commit
tee affords such splendid opportunities
for real service to all classes as
This new committee on agriculture,
if its temper is understood by me,
will do real constructive fundamental
work. We shall have to reorganize
the department, tighten up the screws,
give it the proper exercise in order
that its muscles may be hardened, and
that it may be developed as an organization
for the strenuous work before
it. This reorganization is going
on at the present time, but it
will have to be confirmed by the committee
on agriculture, and it will take
mnrp than nrdirtarv ronraffp ro rnt
out some excrescences coming to
Information "Embodied*' in Learned
The department of agriculture was
created for the purpose of collecting
and disseminating information to the
people on subjects pertaining to agriculture.
For a long while, even under
the secretaryship of Mr. Wilson,
the department contented itself with
the investigational side of its work.
T r* ^ V* W/MI rye V* f Vi A V am I
jLiiiui liiauuxi iniuugu tuc cApci i.iieiit |
stations of the several States and
through the department itself was
collected in great quantities, and
beautifully embalmed in farmer's bulletins,
which were distributed, and
the public neither understood them,
nor in most cases read them.
Lately the department has been
conducting in the South a campaign
to demonstrate the result of its investigational
research work, and the
result has been good. I propose in
what is known as the Lever bill, to
reorganize this work, making the
agricultural colleges of the States
the centers from which the demonstration
work shall flow out, and this
purpose is predicted upon the idea
thai; the local institution is best
equipped to know the local needs.
>Vhat the Lever Bill Proposes.
The bill-seeks to unify the work of
- J ?J A.
me department 01 agriculture, me experiment
stations, and the agricultural
colleges, making them all understand
that they are public functionaries
created to do a common public service.
The provisions of this bill will develop
a better spirit than now exists
UCLWCCII CAPCX JLillCUt SlAUUUd anu
agricultural colleges, and the department
of agriculture, and the jealous y
whic& has served to handicap the work
of these respective institutions in
the past will cease. In this program
Secretary Houston and Assistant Secretary
Galloway join heartily, and
I am led to think that there will be
no holding back upon the part of
the other parties concerned.
The department has spent a great
deal of time in teaching the farmer
how to produce more from the soil.
This is well.
We have sent our men in the field
to teach the farmer how to grow
two bales of cotton where one grew
before. In this effort the great commercial
and philanthropic associations
of the country have joined.
The farmer has been aroused to a
better understanding of his control
of the soil with the result that
where these demonstration methods
have been pursued crop production
has increased largely. We are carrying
to the farmer through these
1 -3? AV.- . i ri f Arm o _
meuious me acuumuiaicu imuima- i
tion of 50 years, but this informa- j
tion touches only one side of the
Marketing Problems >'oyf Most Serious.
To ascertain a fact about agriculture
is important, to demonstrate its
practicability is more important; to
increase production upon the farm is
desirable, but it is not all to be desired.
It is not enough to teach the
farmer how to grow two bales of
nnt+rm inctouri nf nriP or hr>\V t.O DTD
duce first-class alfalfa hay, or vetch
or cowpeas upon land which heretofore
yielded only crabgrass; it is not
enough to teach him how to raise
hogs and cattle or dairy products;
it is almost crimina to teach him so
much without teacning him more.
We shall continue to encourage the
teaching or these things because they
are fundamentally necessary, but the
greater problem at -this time is to
teach the farmer how to sell to the
best advantage what we have taught
him to produce at the least cost. We
have taught him productive ability;
I we must now teach him selling abili-1
ty. it will do him little good to fill his 1
barns with crops for which he can
find no sale, or which at the best he j
rvmct l with no margin of nrofits.
To my mind the problem of marketing,
th- reduced cost of distribution
of farm products from the producer
to the consumer, is the biggest
problem for solution. The best authorities
prove conclusively that the
farmer receives only 50 per cent of
the price paid by the consumer for
his products. Just what plan will
be worked out to reach this problem
cannot be foreseen at this time. I
had inserted in the last appropriation
bill a provision to study this
whole subject with a view to reachin
cr cnmA mnolnsinn which mi^ht be
I taken to the farmer in the way of
practical demonstration. The work
is now organized, and as chairman
of the committee, I shall encourage
to the extent of my ability the work
of .the department as outlined by
Secretary Houston in securing:
first, better methods of marketing:
second, better rural credits; third:
better schools for the farmer.
But the Government Will Only Help
You to Help Yourself. <
Rut the most vital element in the
problem is not to'be overlooked. The
farmer must not get the idea that he
is to sit down and wait for things to
be ht led to him on a silver platter.
| The government does not propose
i to run his farm for him. It is only
willing to help those who help themselves
and acts upon the assumption
that the ^.rmer wan** ?c do thirds
for himself and only needs a little
I guidance. Unless he will give his
i co-operation to the government and
i to his brother farmer and to his com|
munity, the work of the government
I will be worse than wasted. The spirit
of self-help and communiy co-opj
eration is to be the cap-stone of the
In the improvement of farm conditions
the ideal cannot be reached
until a firm grasp is had upon the
practical side of life. The enthusiast
will find little encouragement in
bringing about the ideal farm condij
tion?the educated farm boy and
girl; the well arranged, carefully and
santized farm home; the front yard
filled with ever-blooming roses, the
i parlor athrob with inspiring music,
Via ti-qIIo olivo -tt'ifh hic+r?rir> "nnint
I cut VI CL 1JIO Ull T V/ TV A W1A UAW W* A V V
ings, and all those things which we
would like to see? until he has
brought about the financial independence
of this same farmer. We
would make a mistake to get the
cart before the horse. It is well to
look to the ideal, but it is wise to
look to that end in a practical, sensible
yray, by teaching better marketing
methods, by standardizing farm
farm products, giving to them a community
character, by developing a
system of rural credits and rural cooperation
by which the farmers may
secure long loans at low interest.
We shall increase the bank account
of the farmer, relieve him ! financial
dependence and assure to him a
i few moments away from drudgery in
i which he may look with hope to the
aesthetic and better side of life.
"A Big Work *
The department of agriculture un;
der. its new leadership and the committee
on agriculture as now constituted,
have set for their purpose
the big constructive worn of bring
. mg ctuuut IUUSC UflJ.UXI.lUUO nuiv,u
make for the ideal in farrn life. In
this mighty task they ask the sympathy
and help of all agencies seeking
1 the real good of the great mass of
our people. And not the least powerful
among these forces stand those
strong and fearless papers?such as
The Progressive Farmer?which sound
sound the note of encouragement and
reach out the hand of help ?to the
Card of Thanks.
We wish in this way to express our
most sincere thanks to the physicians,
neighbors, and friends, for their tnany^
acts of kindness during the illness
and death of our little girl. May
God's richest blessings rest upon
each of you.
Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Pitts.
* *" - -u ^ - J 1 r?r? n I TJTJ T'C?
Miopia.ceu uuiiliueuuc isa L ama.Tc
the result of being absent-minded.
Perhaps ignorance and bliss are
a better pair to draw to than folly
ATTORNEY GEN. BREAKS
REATIONS WITH JONES
SPICY LETTERS FROM GENERAL
PEEPLES TO GENERAL JONES
Will Not Advise Officer Unless Disposition
is Shown to Follow Advice
Columbia, August 8.?"When the
comptroller general shows a disposition
to accept and act upon the advice
of the attorney general, as it is
his duty to do, then this office will only
be too glad, as it has been in the'
past, to endeavor to advise the comptroller
general of the laws as it sees
fit," is an excerpt from a letter written
to Comptroller General A. W.
Jones and signed by Attorney General
Peeples and Assistant Attorney General
This letter, unofficially called "the
| parting of the ways," is a notice en
the comptroller general that the of|
fice of attorney general will have noth!
ing more to do with him until he
| shows a disposition to follow his legal
Another letter to the comptroller
! general replying to his reporting certain
corporations for failure to pay
the'license tax asks him for detailed
information and a formal request for
Another letter asks the comptroller
general to make specific details if he
wants any action brought against the j
county treasurer of Berkeley county !
on account of the alleged shaky condi- j
tion of the Farmers and Merchants j
Bank, of Monck's Corner, in which the
treasurer had a large amount of county
funds 011 deposit.
The attorney general informs the
comptroller general that he will not!
be drawn into a newspaper controversy
over the $200 claim Which the
attorney general presented for expenses
in attending the convention of
attorneys general in Charleston and
which was turned down, ana says,
"Neither the attorney general nor his
office desires or wishes any intimations
or suggestions as to the conduct
of himself or his department from one
who occupies merely a clerical position
in the State goverDment"
The following letter was among several
given out today at the office of
the attorney general:
"Columbia, August, 8.
"Hon. A. W. Jones, Comptroller
General, Columbia, S. C.?Dear Sir:
I am in receipt of your letter of
July 25 in reply to mine of July 24
in reference to an inquiry from the
- - ' i _ M
Farmers' and Merchants' DanK 01
Marion, in which you ask for an
opinion to be rendered.
"In your recent letter you say: 'It
is necessary that I should have copies
of your opinion on matters affecting
taxation for my guidance in such matters.
I like to keep them on file for
this purpose. By so doing I am able
to act in accord with your advice, and j
not trouble you by asking the same
"And you further ask, that an opm- ,
ion be given to the bank and that I
you be furnished with a copy for your
"Further replying to your first and
last letters I will say again that this
office is surprised that it should be
called upon by you for such advice
owing to your long connection and
familiarity with the tax department
and its laws. The legal department of
the State is entitled to some respect
from the other departments of the
State government, whose duty it is to
be governed by the advice and counsel
of the legal department and the
occupants of this office insist that
they shall both have the personal and
official respect that is due them by reason
of their official position. This |
office, therefore, refuses and will continue
to refuse to render any opinions j
or advice to any department whose du- I
x.. 4.^ an nninion I
11. lb UU tai; lui o u.v-^
and advice unless such department
shall show a disposition and willing- '
ness on its part to accept such opinions
and advice when rendered, as is
contemplated in the statute laws of
the State of South Carolina. When
the comptroller general shows a disposition
to accept and act upon the
advice of the attorney general, as
,1^ tVion thic
li is ins uuiv tu uw, an." - ??
will be only too glad, as it has been
in the past, to endeavor to advise the
comptroller general of the law as it
sees fit. This office cannot and will
not allow itself to be placed in theposition
of advising any one abOu't
any matter, when the person so advised,
if it suits his pleasure and convenience
to take the advice, to do so,
ctlie: v.'isft to disregard it.
"For the reasons above stated, your
request is respectfully declined."
Yours very truly,
Thos. H. Peeples,
Fred. H. Dominick,
Assistant Attorney General.
Flood of Letters.
A x-3 ^ 1 , . ^ ~ ror\'inor
UCIU5C ui tum:3i;uiiucin-c, lai.uug
in tone from the spicy to the warm,
|passed fror'. aUcrney general'* or'fice
to that of the comptroller general.
Recently Comptroller General Jones
called the atention of the
legal department to matters
relating to the payment of an
annual license tax by corporations,
and local affairs of Monck's
Corner and Kershaw county, and
three of the letters refer to these affairs.
The following reply is made to the
! communication from the comptroller
general with regard to the failure of
certain corporations to make their
August 8, 1913.
I Hon. A. W. Jones, Comptroller General,
Columbia, S. C.
Dear Sir: I am in receipt of your
letter of July 25 in reply to mine of
July 24, in reference to corporations
Which failed to pay Annual license tax
or make report as required by the
laws of this State.
If you will simply glance at the
statutes, much less read thorn, with
the knowledge that you have of the
law and it^ construction, you will see,
under section 371 of the code, that
o/->H/-ine ooroinct thptjp onrnnrations
C*. liva <J UgUA liuv V^VMV w ^
must be brought by the attorney general
upon the request of the comptroller
general. You do not make this
request, but say that action be brought
"if after investigation you think such
action proper." You are the one to
make this investigation; you are the
one to make the request; the responsibility
for these suits rests and lies
with you and cannot be devolved upon
the attorney general's office, no matter
how much you may try to do so.
As stated in a former letter, upon
. ? onr?
I receipt 01 tn.e propcx' lixiuiaiauuu uuu
your request that suits be instituted
by this office the matter will be handled
in such manner as the law directs.
As you should know, it is not the
duty of the attorney general's office
to make these investigations, it is his
duty to institute the actions upon the
request of the comptarller general and
after he has proper facts in his possession.
You say in your letter that heretofore
the attorney general has taken
up these matters with the corporations
and that in a number of cases
he has collected these taxes, or arranged
for their payment to the State
ineasuf-er. am! you iI?o s-nd t.vis
* 1 --?v, i tTAH Vi Q T70
| office several ieuers wmuu jvu
j written the corporations in which
I you say that the matters are in the
hands of the attorney general,
and that they will have to
be taken up with him. I. do
not know by what authority these settlements
have been made by the attorney
general's office heretofore. Section
371 of the code clearly shows
that neither the attorney general, nor
his office, has anything whatever to
do with the settlement or compromise
of such cases, sucn mantis ai c ciAtirely
in the hands of the State board
of assessors, as is hown by the last
paragraph of said section, to wit:
"The State board of assessors, upon
good cause shown, may in their dis!
cretion remit the penalty, or any part
thereof, prescribed in this article."
Xow, sir, if you desire these suits
brought, make your formal request
upon this office and give the required
that ic npnp<;sflrv for the
1UIU1 manvn iuuv s/w w
proper bringing of these suits, for unless
this office is convinced from the
facts and evidence furnished by you
that there is a probable chance for
the recovery of the penalty under the
statutes against the corporations
named in your letter of the flret of
July, 1913, thi office will not put the
State of South Carolina to the expense
of having papers prepared and sheriff's
, costs and fees incurred in bringing
suits in which the comptroller general
' ** -?"U fn fln _
has tailed to iurmsu eviucuuc oumcient
to show reasonably that the
penalties may be recovered. Read the
statutes for yourself, perform your
own duties, as required by the statutes,
and you may rest assured that
this office will perform its duty.
Yours very truly,
Thos. H. Peeples,
The following letter refers to a
local matter of Kershaw county:
Hon. A. W. Jones,
Columbia, S. C.
Dear Sir: Your letter of July 23th
j received in regard to opinion given
: Mr. Truesdel, of Kershaw county and
in which you refer to "some confusion
occasioned by the correspondence between
this office and yours."
In reply, I will say that any "confusion"
that might have arisen as to
correspondence between this office
and yours, has arisen in your office
and not in this, as the correspondence
, will clearly show. >
In reply to this letter, I refer you
to a letter from this office this day
handed you in reference to a request
from the Farmers and Merchants bank
of Marion, and will say that we conceive
that to be a sufficient reply to
Upon request of the sinking fund
commission, if they desire it, written
opinion will be rendered them.
Yours very truly,
Thos. H. Peeples,
The alleged shaky, condition of the
Farmers and Merchant bank of
Monck' Corner is the occasion of the
: following fetter.
August 8, 1913.
Hon. A. W. Jones, Comptroller General,
Columbia, S. C.
Dear Sir: This office is in receipt
' of your letter of July 25, 1913, in re1
gard to the shaky condition of the
Farmers & Merchants bank of
Monck's Corner, and also informing
this office of the fact that the county
'treasurer of Berkeley county has all
of the funds of that county deposited
in that bank.
In reply thereto, I will say 'that
neither the State bank examiner nor
the State treasurer feu made any /
r\^?.+ + V> i o nffina i ri rrl to this
bank or any request for any proceedings.
If you desire this office -to bring
any proceedings against the county
treasurer of Berkeley county, please
make specifications in detail and your
formal request for whatever proceedings
you, as head of the tax department
of the State, or the State treasurer
desire in the premises.
Yours very truly,
Thos. H. Peeples,
WARM LETTER FROM ATTY. GEX.
Does Not Wish Suggestions or Inti
mations From the Latter.
Columbia Record, 8th.
"Neither the attorney general nor
his office wishes any intimation or
suggestions as to the conduct of himself
or his d apartment fron one who
occupies merely a clerical position in
the State government," says Attorney
General Peeples in a letter addressed
to Comptroller General Jones, in. reply
to a communication from the
comptroller some days since, restating
his intention not to approve the ' expense
acc r.int of th* attorney general
in connection with the recent convention
of attorneys general at Charleston.
The letter is apparently the last
chapter in the controversy. It follows:
Aug. S, 1913.
| Jon. A. W. Jones, Comptroller Gen
? -1 rnlnmhia. S. C.
Dear Sir: I am in receipt of your
letter 01 August 5, in reply to mine of
July 26, in r^zrard to my claim for
expenses in attending association of
attorneys general of the United
States which met at Charleston on the
8th and 9th of July, 1913.
I do not desire and will not allow
myself or my office to be drawn into
any letter writing or newspaper controversy
with you about this matter.
In regard to your suggestions as to
what procedure should be taken by
rae, I will say that I am familiar with
the law and procedure, and neither the
attorney general nor his office desires
or wishes any intimations or suggestions
as to the conduct of himself or
his depa^rmoiit from oj<e who occupies
merely a clerical position in .the
State government, and who under the
laws of this State, is required, to and
should act by and upon the advice of
fhe legal departmort of the State, of
which the attorney general is the official
Yours ve~y t**u'y.
Thomas H. Peeples,
Mr. and Mrs. Geo. A. Cronler and
their two daughters. Misses Texie and
vino returned to Xewberry Friday.
after a pleasant visit to relatives
Mr. and Mrs. F. W. Webster, after
a visit to her father, Mr. J. Fred
Schumpert. have gone to Eatonton,
Ga., on a four days' visit to Mr. Webster's
parents, when they will return
i to their home in Atlanta.
?_ i?. .a?... ___________ __ ?