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I Special Ma
>E>V IDEA OF EARTH'S AGE ,
Kadium Has Caused the Geologists to
Change Their Theories.
New York Press.
If such authoriry as Prof. Arthur
Holmes of the Imperial College,
South Kensington, London, has any,
weight at all with people, the discovery
-of radium means that geologists
must change their calculations
t materially as to the age of the earth
if they wish to be taken seriously, j
He says it is a well known caftahit m
TT~ ^ wall 1-nnwTi far>r that, if
lie sajs io a. HVU Vu ?
the proportion of radium in tlie in.er- 1
ior of the earth is in any way equal |
tc the radium in the rock s at the ,
earth's surface the earth will not grow }
colder, as ;he ha's been zauglr, i
but it ought to be growing hotter.1
Calculations, however, show that the
^ distribution of radium as it is found
would be more than enough :o keep |
v ihe tempera twee of the earcu stationary.
Thorium and radium also
??rvnir a err a : amount of heat and
M - ?
nust be f.akeii in accoarii.
In order that the earth should be j
leither growing hotter nor colder a: j
a rate .allowed by the radio-active
> elements as they disintegrate it is!
necessary, he says, to assume that ':he i
earth's store of radium be concen^
trated ^ear the surface. The radioactive
elements are found mos':
abundantly in acid rocks, and their j
more basic associates are less rich. |
These acid rocks are charac.eristic of
only the outermost zones of the crust, j
and there are many reasons for be- j
lieving that with depth the non-acid
rocks are predominant. i
Earthquakes and similar terrestrial.
events have proven facts from wiich '
:he condition of the earth's interior
may be deduced witn connaence. j
First, there is the crust zone, whicfi
has an approximate thickness of 30
miles. Then comes the stone zone,1
something under 100 miles thick, and i
fin'ally-,. the cen.ral iron core of the !
earth, with a densi y eight times;
grea.er than water. Meteorites con-;
' tain radium, and PrcL's. Srutt and i
' Holmes say that these mete:rs con-!
tain the proof that no radium is'
I found in che stone zone or inner core, i
* - ^ J
It is supposed :nai me ea lii uc--j
gan, of course, as a misty, nebulous :
mass and that it has become the great J
mass it is by he capture of metcers ,
and greater masses floa:ing in space
during the ages." It is very unlikely !
that the earth was ever, as a whole, 1
in a molten condi ion. It is surmised
by several English savan:s that the
internalt heat probably arose in aj
great measure from the condensation
of the mass as it grew.
The :emperature would s.owly rise j
until the fusion point of certain of j
the earth's constituents was reached.!
Then the pockets and tongues thus [
formed would rend to move away!
from the center, and the less heavy,
stony substances would be squeezed
outward relatively to a network of j
k the heavier, rigid metals.
f Surrounding the metalic core- aj
thick zone of sandy rocks would be j
formed, and the radio-active materials ;
would be concentrated in the stone i
"" 1-ITf i.1 ? Z 1.1. ? !
layers, wnen me ctuu me auuua- .
pheres were produced the sediment i
rocks appeared for the first time, and j
then came the earth's crust with, the i
rocks that contain most of the radium
and other radio-active elements.
Before the advent of radium, geologises
did not recognize the difficulties presented
by the peculiar makeup of the
earth's crust. Radium did not create
this difficuly, but it certainly emphasized
it in the attention of scientists.
It can hardly be said that radium
has given a blank check on the bank
of time, for its discovery not only
destroys all the old measurements of
the earth's heat, but it necessitated a
new method of getting a: it. Every
kind of radio-active mineral, as well
" * t-- ? J ~ j ~
as raaium, may ue rcgarucu as dchcontained
hour-glass, the radio-active
emanations, such as helium, and residues
such as lead, slowly accumulate
at the expense of their ultimate
The geologist, "who five years ago
iras embarrassed by the brevity of
the time allowed to him for the evo
.tinee for Childft
lution of the earth's crust, is now still
more embarrassed by the overabundance
of time that now confronts him.!
The recognition of radium means drf- I
ficulties for tne geologist ana me au- j
solute overthrow of every acknowledged
theory as to the earth's age ar.d j
development. The age of the ear:h, j
according to what happens to be ra- j
dium, varies from 5,000.000,000 to 3,000,000,000
years, but what matters a
few thousand million of years among
She Played the Part.
My own!" tqus was 11 souuuuy
His passion he expressed.
As for the object of it, s-he
Acted like one possessed.
Fake medium: "Hear that knocking?
That is your departed friend."
Jones: "That's Bill, all right. He
a1 ways was a knocker."
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I k .
:n 3:30, Admissi
if *zmm hi 11
a fsm :j e
| AJn 1
| B ' "How
HIM I' "Why, we've
Eg tele phone instal
M/il?Rr calls from eithe
mor e tramping i
Kg "Cost? why that's
|J only a few cents a day
U1C CUJUiXUX l auu vvu T V.
2 "Call the BeU Con
^ that's what I did."
< SOUTHERN BELL 1
| AND TELEGRAPH
M??JBd?l??iH?i?? M ^1 i i IM
> ; .-i
ai nn Hnnfrt
OFFERED FOR 1914
South Carolina Plans to Win Back
Southern Record Lost
: in 1913.
plans are already under way in
Georgia, South Carolina and other
J 1 -j.- x ? ^~ 1Q1 A nnm pluVi
Jboumern sutmb iui mc
contests. These contests have increased
the South's corn production
by millions of dollars during the past
H. G. Hastings, chairman of the agricultural
committee, of the Atlanta
Chamber of Commerce, has renewed
? ** -i u
for 1914 his annual offer or corn ciuu
prizes in South Carolina and nine
other Southern states. Mr. Hastings
offers $1,200 in prises. Of this amount
$100 goes to South Carolina in three
prizes of $50.. $30 and S20 each. These
prizes are awarded under the direction
of the United States government officials
'in charge of the farm demonstration
Word comes that the South Carolina
boys are going to make a powerful
effort this year to regain the Southern
record, which they held in 1912,,
hut which was taken away from them
in 1913 by Alabama. The South Carolina
record of 228 bushels, held by
Jerry Moore, was beaten by 232 bushels,
raised by Walker Lee Dunson of
An interesting echo from last year's
contest comes from Arkansas, where
the $50 prize, offered by Mr. Hastings,
was won by a 14-year-old girl, Miss
Delphine Moore, who competed against
2,400 boys, because there was no girls'
club in the state.
The corn club work has made wonderful
advances throughout the South,
The fathers of the corn club boys, who
first locked on the movement as a
fad, have at last come to realize its
great practical value and are now just
fcs much interested as tieir Mns.
m j$k ra poison
trnm nnf> nrtwii that ^
A jot under the skin A
W and Into tha blood.
A DR. BELL'S 4
\ Antiseptic Salve }
A applied right away would have killed those few m
\ eerms ana kept these millions from being born. T
A To have a 25c. box of this salve ready for emer- A
? eenciss, ask for Dr. Bell's Antiseptic Suit*. ^
A **TeIl It By The Bell" $
Cures Old Sores, Other Remedies Won't Cure.
The worst cases, no matter of how long standing-,
are cured by the wonderful, old reliable Dr.
Porter's Antiseptic Healing Oil. It relieves
Psria and Heals at the same time. 25c, 50c, fl.OG
^ r..!j *
i rnaay t
ion 15c. Night 8
in Extension I j
Telephone? | |
tie Essence 01 g
Convenience ; '
' ! 1
did I answer so quickly? /
5 just had an Extension J
lied. I can send or answer J
r floor now and there's no 5
lp or dov/n to answer. It's j
don't you have one, too? j
i almost no account. It'? J
and you can't compare ;
aience to THAT. / j
tract Dept. to order it? 5 j
COMPANY \&& I
S CLUE WORK
i " ???
South Entering New Era of Agricultural
Production, Declares ,
H. G. Hastings.
Atlanta, Ga.?(Special.)?That the
Boys' Corn Club movement means a
great deal more to the South than
the average citizen has ever dreamed,
is the conclusion presented in an interesting
interview by H. G. Hastings
of Atlanta, chairman of the agricul
j tural committee of the Atlanta Chamj
ber of Commerce and manager of the
Georgia State Corn Show, which is
presented annually in the state capitol
"We are facing," says Mr. Hastings,
"an era of agricultural production such
as the world has never before witnessed.
Every year since the first
corn club was organized, the movement
has seen more than remarkable
growth. One year's record has become
insignificant when that of the
next year doubled it; and by that, I
mean that many more boys have gone
into the work and have vastly increased
results not only by their own
efforts, but through inspiration to fathers,
brothers and neighbors until
millions of dollars have already been
added to corn production in the Soutn.
"And yet this is but a forecast of
what is to come. There are now being
organized as an outgrowth or the ,
corn club work, Three and Four-Crop j
Clubs. The boys will plant oats and
cowpeas on their former corn acre,
thus diversifying their crops and renewing
the soil, while a new acre will
be taken for corn cultivation. In some
sections cotton has been added to'the
i list, on a third acre, and the i? ouri
Crop Club boys have already gone to
i "Another outgrowth of the corn club
is the Pig Club. Southern boys have
learned the truth of the story of the
unsuccessful farmer who sent *;o a
more prosperous neighbor to buy a
shoat. The neighbor sold him the
I ehoat, but with it presented hi?i a
i sack of corn. 'You have got the
I thoat under your arm,' he told the
, i farmer, 'but I want you to remember
| fciat the hog is in the sack."
CHICHESTER S PILLS
THE DIAMOND BRAND, /V
Aakytr. *rnggletfof Afc\
' ^ Chl-ebe?46r'?IMoiHOiid i?rftnd/A%'7 "
I 'n Kfd aiicl t*o!il inrtailic^V
, 'U\ - vW'>t} l'->xes. sealed with Blue Ribbon. \ / a
fes i?Ka Take no other. Jitiv of your v
, / - :rf l/nittrlst. Ask for CI! I-C!fES?TEB S .
! U W l>Z\V.OSTt ?tRAM> Plirs .-'.r |
V^J" jfe) years Icnowr.as B?t, Salest, AW ays i-eliabu "
" M 0 8V DRUGGISTS P.IP'/iViiEBt ?
To ft-event Blood Poisoning 1
apply at cuce the wonderful old reliable DR
rGRTER'S ANTlf 2PTIC HEALING OIL, a sur J
t eical dressing that relieves pain and heals a1 (
I sam< ae- Not a liniment. 25c. 50c. U Ou
I P. 1
uternoon & i
:00, Admission 25
Sanhnarn Air I.ii
UVUUVIU U 11U Uii
"The Progressive Railws
* 1 *11
Annual Reunion Unite
RATE FROM NEWE
Correspondingly low rati
Tickets on sale May 3, 4,
1 1- .. J.- 1 J n
trains scneuuieu lu ichlu ,
noon' of May 8th, 1914.
Final limit returning Ms
Upon payment of 50 ce
ticket in Jacksonville, limit
June 4th, 1914.
For full information se<
agent, or write
C. W. SMALL, Division I
On to Jacli
irflUl X 14 1A 1 wa am
M\Y 6th, 7th and
SItf* fn Ja
VJ&l W1A.V XAiV bv \jr
Tuesday, May i
With direct connections at
tanburg, Yorkville, Rock Hi!
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Very low round trip fares.
Cheap side trip tickets to all p
detail information and beautif
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iy of the South" !
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ty 15th. ,
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iV V v?va wtaaw
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in tlivmmli oirc
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