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The herald and news. (Newberry S.C.) 1903-1937, October 23, 1914, Image 1

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VOLOlE LII, NUMBER >4. NEWBERRY, S. C? FRIAIIY, OCTOBER '23, W14. TWICE h WEEK, IUI A Y1AB.
i !i
BOND ISSUE BILL
IN BOTH HOUSES
? i
GOES ON THE CALENDARS WITH- !
orr REFERENCE
Houxe Bill for Acreage Reduction
Next Year Reaches tlie I'pper
Branch.
The State.
Immediately after the senate had '
^ reconvened last nig't, the committee I
appointed to draft bills providing for ;
a radical reduction of the acreage of ;
the 191"? cotton crop and a bond issue :
to retire the present surplus, reported j
relative to the latter provision.
T'.ie bill calls for the issunace of j
$25,000,000 o*: 5 per cent, five year j
bonds, after the question has been ap- !
proved by a vote of two-thirds of the j
qualified electors of the State.
r
l According tc the tentative provi- I
L sions, the State will purchase cotton j
outright, paving 10 cents a pound or j
|l middlisg cotton. Ten per cent of t?e i
|jf value cf all warrants shall be retired ^
to pay the interest on the bonds and ,
incidental expenses in the ti'ancac- |
i tions.
(By the present s:atus of th? bill, it
will be possible also to borrow money
-on cotton held as security. Upon t'.:e !
presentation of receipts tor- cotton, |
properly warehoused and insured, the j
State will lend on a basis of 9 cents i
L a pound for middling cotton. OneP
tenth of the face value of the notes i
" shall be retained to pay interest in ad- j
v<am;e.
The bill went on tine calender without
reference. It was also introduced
in the lower house. The .ull text will
be found elsewhere.
L Tlhe cotton acreage reduction 'bill,
passed last Friday by the lowevliouse
and sent to the senate, also was placed
f on t'r.e senate calendar without reference.
This provides that not n&re j
? " i?j ? J ^,,1
man one-tmra 01 me rami uuuei tui- ,
tivation shall be planted in cotton, j
and in no .case more than six acres to ,
the plow.
At 9 o'clock tr.e senate adjourned
to meet in joint session with the house
to hear the report o: t'e committee
which attended the Memphis convenH
tion." The ser^s win reassemble this
F morning at 11 o'clock.
Farmers, Fight for Cotton Seed
( io the Frmers of tfce South:
I* I have written three letters to ComT
missioner of Agriculture Watson of
Sout?3 Carolina, showing t:at the three
principal products 'from one ton of j
cotton seed, oil, meal and hulls, being
all good .for food or feed ought
\ Mke lard, oats and hay to advance
iin price, from this European war, so j
that they will aggregate $50.00 there- !
by enabling tee oil mills to pay $40.00
a ten for cottcn seed (60 cents a bushThere
letters will show you that
there is one and only one way to do
this and that will be almost as hard as
going to war. If done, however, it
means that you wild save 2 1-2 cents ]
Bl . a pound on your cotton and 30 cents
BR a bushel on cotton seed, that you
would otherwise lose.
You will need to compel your leg- ,
Islatures, every one of which you can '
V control, one after the other to pass a .
V law requiring the closing of all the i
B cotton gins and oil mills in tlbe South j
H until tnft 00 a ton, osvn hf> had for the i
f products o-:" a ton o? seed and they
are able and willing to pay $40.00 a
*on for the seed. You farmers, and
only you can do this. If you don't
do it, you will have no kick coming
if cotton never goes above 8 cents
and cotton seed above $20.00 for two j
years.
Your paper can get these Watson !
letters immediately, or you can your- |
I sen arter uctooer ntn* wnen iney ,
are released, by writing to the State
Book Store, Columbia, South Carolina,
for them. The cost of the booklet i
for printing is five cents. ,
Lehman Johnson.
Couton Seed Specialist. ;
[ Author of prostitution o? the cot- j
ton seed cotton plants fifths wheel I
etc.
[ I ha've read the letters addressed to !
|ne, and think that the ideas advanced
ly Mr. Johnson are worthy of careful
Lmsideration.
E. J. Watson,
Commissioner of Agriculture.
(Also President o." Southern Cotton
ftngress.)
lH '
BATTLES EAST AND !
WEST STILL RAGING!
fl mors onslaughts continue !
without dec ision j
i
Italy Has Decided to Kemain Out of
tlie War?Portugal Outbreak
Nipped in the Bud.
I
? .
London, Oct. 21.?Fierce attacks de- '
livered almost continuously for a week I
I
or more by the allies and the Germans
have resulted in no definite decision
in the battle raging in West Flanders
and Northern Prussia. The contest in
the eastern war arena in East Prussia,
Poland and Galicia '/.as been
equally undecisive.
This is clearlv evident from reports
, rr. * - I
issued officially an various neadquar- j
ters, whicc content themselves today I
with recounting the fact that 'violent i
attacks have been made. The French j
'."owever, claim tne aines iiave repuis- j
^d German offensive movements at va- j
rious points in the west.
According to the French communi- j
cation the Germans also made at- j
tacks against the allies' lines at j
Xieuport, Dixmude and La Bessee.
- j
French Repulsed.
The German general staff declarer
fighting continues on t:e Yser Canal
andt hat the German-s, taking t: e o fensive
west of Lille, have repulsed ;
the French at several points.
""pv. pftaito + rs n r\yv+ rnvrirf
AllCTOC i cpui ^ OCCUA tu wuu v>vi?.
optimistic accounts appearing in English
newspapers from correspondents
who claim ti.:ey were in West Flanders
an>d who claim the Germans had been
driven back.
The Germans, tow ever, are believed
here to be fighting under a great disadvantage,
especially along t>e coast,
as the British shins assisting the al
lies' land forces v.ave long range guns,
capable of seriously menacing German
troops and men in the trenches,
as well as the ammunition trains and
supply convoys.
While no official in) ormation is
available as to C.:e ships being
used it is ^probable that
they are the tf.:>ree monitors which
were 'being completed in England or
the Brazilian government wiien the
war broke out, and which were bought
Vw tVici a r?Tn iro 1 + v
C"V Viiii * A UiW;
Light Drafts.
These monitors draw less than nine
feet of water, and could take up positions
not far from shore, from whicfr
their six-inch guns and 4.7-inch howitzers
could throw shells nearly four
miles across country the range being
given trem by airmen.
The vessels assisting the allies have
not been allowed to carry out their '
operations in peace for German sub
marines have followed them down the
coast and attacked them "wtiile they
were shelling German positions. Tfce
attacks, however, were made -futile by ,
tine presence of British destroyers.:
One account says the submarines suf
fered losses, but this statement has i
not been confirmed.
It tas been remarked that the submarines
and aeroplanes, "which in
times of peace have proved themselves
as dangerous arms of the army and
navy service, have suffered little loss
and 'have been doing splendid work.
Furious Battles.
I
Land battles are being contested'
with a fury and tenacity ti:<at would
indicate strategic importance is at- ,
tached to the positions held byt he cp- '
posing armies. When a town is reached
street fighting generally develops.
One side gains an advance only to
lose it when the otr.er side brings up
reinforcements.
Thus :ar the allies have held Ypres.
which is considered an importnat
point, as it supports the allied force ,
I'.rcwn out toward Roulers, and. ;
seemingly, endangers the rc-ar of the j
German army advancing toward Dix- }
mude and the coast.
i
The Germans are striking hard at '
the allies line in the vicinity of La ,
~ . . i .. i
Jtsassee ana rave matie counter ai- ;
tacks against he force which for many 1
days has been endeavoring to relieve !
Lille.
Along the ":est of the line from West
to eas.t the French communication
says til:ere is no nobble change.
CONSULT fi'ADOO
ON BOND SSSUE
SENATE SENDS COMMITTEE TO
WASHINGTON
Wish to Know Whether Cotton Securities
Would be Available as
Collateral.
The Slate 22.
Robert Lide and J. W. iMcCown,
senators from Orangeburg and Florence
counties, respectively, le t yesterday
afternoon for Washington to
confer with W. G. McAdoo, secretary
of the treasury, relative to the proposed
cofcton bond issue.
The question agitating the minds of
the senators is whether the bonds
may be regarded as collateral t~at
notes may be issued thereon directly
from the United States treasury
through the regional reserve banks.
Unless it is possible to link tJhe bonds
in some ;vay wif'.i the national monetary
system, the prevailing sentiment
seems to be that the bond issue must
be abandoned summarily.
The resolution that a committee
visit Washington to gather this information
was offered by Senator McLauriri
of Marlboro.
MANY BADLY HURT
AT UllsENS FAIR
GRAND STAND COLLAPSES WITH
900 PEOPLE UPON IT
Accident Caused by Supports Giving
Way?Barring Accident, Fair
a Success.
News and Courier.
Laurens, Oct. 20.?Between 20 and
30 persons were injured, several very
seriously, when the grand stand at t?.:e
fair grounds .ell with a crash at 11
o'clock today. 11; is estimated that
S00 or 900 people were on the stand
when the accident occurred, and it is
little short of a miracle that no lives
were lost outright and that more were
not hurt. A dozen or more of the injured
were rushed to the .Julia sanitarium;
others were treated on the
grounds while others were taken to
their homes in the city.
Higgins Bryson, son of W. C. Bryson,
of Cross Hill, had a le<g broken;
Royce Todd, son of D. E. Todd, of th-e
county, leg badly lacerated ^nd chin
hrnk-pn and ininrpri* W H.
Barksdale, of Highland Home, rib
broken; John J. Glenn's son received a
bad scalp wound; Mrs. Joel A. Smith,
of Waterloo, hurt on thigh and otherwise
injured.
Others Injured.
These are t'. e more 'seriously injured,
w/Mle the following received
more or less slight bruises: Miss Barnie
Wallace, of Shiloh; Miss Annie
Bell Jordan, of Donalds, teacher in
the Shiloh school; Mrs. J. F. Satterwhite
and child, of the county; two
children of Thad Senn's, Mrs. Sam
Williams, d Ekom; Mrs. W. L. Reid,
of the county; Mrs. J. R. Ellis, of the
city; Miss Gertrude Nelson, of Fountain
Ini*; Robert Sullivan, son o. J.
C. Sullivan, cf Uli-e city; Harold HudSens,
son of Jo~n N. Hudgens, of the
City; child of C. H. Gasque, of the
city; Wyatt Waldrep, of the city; Mrs.
May I Mad den, of Moumtville.
The accident caused) a long delay in
the fair day program-me, but in the
afterncon the different events were
carried out.
The stand "was erected a few days
ago, the timbers used all being new,
and it is stated that the collapse was
not due to the construction, but was
caused by the supports giving way in
the soft or loamy soil on which the
U'OC 1 AOOfcl f V f O 1 T
o LI UtLUi C7 ?? ao iuv^ujc^u, iui*
grounds being located in a meadow
near the city.
WILL JOIS THE RED CROSS
Savannah, Ga.. Oct. 20.?Advices received
in Savannah today from Berne,
Switzerland, state t':at Miss Pleasant
Stcvall, daughter of Pleasant A. Stov11,
American minister to Switzerland,
is now studying to prepre herself for
Red Cross work in Europe. She will
probably go to the '.ront. All t're
young girls and women in Berne and
in the principal capitals are enlisting
for the service, it is said.
SENATE FOR THIRTY-FIVE
MILLION BOND ISSUE
SENATE FOR CURTAILING OF COTTON
TO iVM) LBS. TO ANIMAL
j !n Executive Session Senate Confirms
Appointment of Or. Strait by
J il . ri
ine v?uYeruwr.
| News and Courier.
IColutmbia, Oct. 20.?By the overi
whedmingly majority of 27 to 4, the
| senate late tonight went on record as
i favoring a bond issue to buj- cotton.
Only four Senators, Williams, Mars.
Carlisle and Black, voted to strike out
the enacting words of the bill. An
i j a. : : i.'\ i. ~ e
| amenumem, increasing me cuuuuut ui
i the bond issue to $35,000,000 was
adopted, IS to 12, and the bill passed
j to third reading. It will come up
,iror final consideration in the senate
. tomorrow.
The motion to strike out tl':.e enacting
words cleared up ^vhat at one time
looked like a tangle which the backers
of t':e bond issue were about to get
thomsel'ves into. Que wing wanted the
issue to remain at $25,000,000 and anwiiirr
Ti*n r?r at! o nrl
wiuci iiij5 v\ a-xri^ru iu nai taocu cxiiu.
,1'ore were signs of approaching dis;
sensicu,,when the motion to strike out
I the enacting words by Senator Mars
j cleared up the incipient bickering
among the advocates of the bond issue
| and solidified them behind it.
Tl.:e senate will take final action on
the measure when it reconvenes tomorrow
morning at 10:30.
The senate late this afternoon dej
cleared for the policy of reducing cot.
tion through restricting the production
by adopting the Sullivan bill as
'an amendment to the house bill, which
reduced the acreage two-thirds and
limited it to six acres to the work
animal. The bill as now amended by
|'the senate limits the production to
2,500 pcund lint cotton to the work
animal and places a tax of 5 cents
J ~ 1 1 ~ ~ <-4- ~ ~ 4>V* : o.
| cl puuiiu Oil clll UVtLUll UVCi I-13 aniwiiiiL.
I
{'Tlie vote for tr.:e * Sullivan amned1sunt
was 20 to S. Those favoring it being
Senator Aekerman, Appelt, Carlisle,
Cli' ton, Goodwin, Gross, Hough,
i Johnson, D. B. Ketchin, Lawson, Mars,
IMcCown, McLaurin, Nicholson, Patterson,
Sharpe, Verner, Williams,
I 'Young. Total 20. Those voting against
J tie amendment were Senators BeamI
guard, Black, Buck, Ginn, A. Johni
,'st.on, I^aney, Lide, Stuckey. Total, S.
The bill as amended was than passi
ed to third reading. It will probably
, be given third reading in the morning
( and then be ready for free conference.
Discusses Kond Bill.
The senate then began discussion o-'
the proposed $25,000,000 cotton bonds.
An amendment offered by Senator A-ppeIt
to raise tC.e amount of the bonds
trv S~fi rtOO nnn hrmifht nn nrolnnorpd
I 1 v ~w,w I- w-j
debate. Declaring that it was an "heroic
act only justified by the gravity
of the situation" Senator Alan Johnstone
explained tie bond proposal and
advocated the $50,000,000 amendment,
j'saying it was better to take care of
j the whole situation than half of it. He
argued that the proposal to save the
j>cottcn crop through issuing of bonds
i*was sound legally and financially and
I #
m an exhaustive review of the situation
made a strong argument or the
bond issue. Debate on the proposa:
was still under way when the senate
at 6:15 recessed until 8 p. m.
A ronourrent resolution, introduced
(bv Senator Appelt, requesting circuit
judges not to allow any foreclosures
f'before October 1, 1915, was adopted by
,'the senate without opposition and sent
,over to the house. This carries out
the idea of Governor Blease not to
sell any property under foreclosure
.'prior to the first of October next
i
year.
Executive Session.
The senate in executive session tv.is
afternoon con! irmed the following ap
)pointmen>ts of Governor Bleas^c
jr. J. Stra.it of Lancaster, as superintendent
State Hospital or Insane.
J. D. Bivens of Ridgeville; F. R.
Hunter of Newberry, and A. H. Dean,
'of Greenville, to be members board of
'regents State Hospital for Insane.
K. P. Smith of Anderson, to be solicitor
10-ih circuit.
W. R. Koon of Clover, and D. B.
'Puerifoy of Walterboro, to be members
of State board of education.
Supervisors of registration in sev
f
eral counties were also confirmed. Dr.
'Strait immediately resigned as senator
from Lancaster county and it was
1 accepted by the senate. He succeeds
'Dr. J. W. Bafaeock as superintendent
of the asylum.
??.???
"Clean-l p I)ayw for the State.
iFriday, November 6, will be "Cleanup
day*' in Soutl.i Carolina schools.
Miss Mary Eva Hite, president o1 the
South. Carolina School Improvement
association, is urging the schools of
the State 'to use this day to make the
'interiors and the surroundings o.. j
their buildings clean and sanitary.
She has distributed cards in wijich a j
'"standard for judging the work of j
cleaning up is given, and she recommends
that this card be filled out im- j
affpr "Plpnn-im riav" anrt I
'kept permanently in the school room. I
T':.e following are the possible points i
j named: Yard, 20 points; water supply,
10 points; floor, walls and ceil- \
ing, 20 points; windows, 10 points; j
stove, 16 points; desks, 10 points;
|blackboards, 10 points; material, 4;
j points. T:e ollowing are the sub- j
I V: vi C'nrtc nrirl nnintc
I
j" Yard?Yard clean. no' bushes,
''stumps, weeds or trash. ( ">;; no ash
l.ile (2); no loose paper or lunch:
j thrown down (2); trash barrel or box
'placed on grounds (2); outhouses
'clean, unmarked and in good repair,
j'witi'.i box of lime in them (5); two or '
i'more trees and as many shrubs plant- i
ed on grounds (4).
Water Supply?Good spring well
ikept or pump affording pure water
|'(3); water cooler and individual cups,
; (thoroughly cleansed (3); no water on
I
t':e floor (1); sink near water cooler
(3).
Floor, Walls and 'Ceiling?Floors
scrubbed monthly or properly oiled!
(5); floors weLl swept, dust down used 1
when sweeping and no paper on the !
jflcors (4); walls well cleaned or tint!
ed a good shade (5); ceiling a Mg' ter '
liiiue (2): no old calendars or saudv '
|'colored pictures on th^ walls (4).
Windows?Xo panes broken (3); '
.'panes well cleaned (3); windows j
: opened for ventilation at recess (2);
| window board or glass and windows !
| lowered at the to-p (2).
i iStove?Polished regularly (4); zinc !
;under stove (4); stove jacketed (5); j
attractive wood box or coal scuttle,
nothing on floor around stove (3).
Desks?Desks clean and not coverj
ed (3); no waste paper or trash hidl:den
in them, but books kept in them
when not in use (3); teacher's desk
well arranged and attractive *(4).
Blackboards?Neatly framed with
moulding and kept clean (5); chalk
rack and erasers clean (5).
GREENVILLE MAN IS NAMED
As Secretary of Fifth Civil Service I
District.
I
I Washington, Oct. 20.?Thomas C.
Shaw of Greenville county was today
appointed tc succeed B. B. Hair of
lS.aluda, as secretary of the 5th civil
service district, with headquarters at
'Atlanta. This district comprises tfce
States of South ICtarolina, Georgia,
'Flordia, Alabama, Mississippi and |
Tennessee.
Mr. Shaw has heen .for the past ten '
'years a special field agent of the de-1
partment of agriculture. Mr. Hare re- j
signed to accept an important posi- ,
tion under the agricultural depart- |
'ment, witth headquarters at Columbia. j
COTTON AMESD3TEST DEAD
I
i Compromise Relief Plan Voted Down j
in the House.
Washington, Oct. 21.?The compro- \
mise cotton relief plan, final hope of I
Southern representatives in their fight ,
for aid for the South was defeated in j
the house today by a vote of 123 to 91.
The proposal contemplated the deposit j
cf $2-"),000,000 of government funds in
'Southern banks to be loaned to cotton
and tobacco growers.
Special Reformation Service.
Nothing preventing, there will be ^
Reformation services at the Lutheran !
church of tt:e Redeemer next Sunday :
at 11:15 a. m. The sermon will be !
/preached by Dr. J. W. Horine, editor
of the Lutheran Church Visitor. Tjere
will be good music.
The public is cordially invited to
'this service,
in ? ill?MB?
WAR TAX MEASURE " I
lUT TO $90,000,000
HOUSE AM) SENATE CONFEREES
MAKE SACRIFICE TO ARGEE
If Measure is Adopted Promptly Congress
Will Adjourn at Once.
Washington, Oct. 21??Agreement on
the war tax bill was reached late to- tifll
day "by senate and house conferees at
a sacrifice of items from which 15 ?|lii
to 20 million dollars in revenue had!
"been expected.
At the last moment the conferees
eliminated the proposd liquor taxes, "flji
rejecting senate amendments wilich. ^
would Lave increased the tax on beer
'.rom $1.50 to $1.75 a barrel and would
have imposed a tax of 5 cents a gallon
uu icuuiieu spirits. -no &UDc>uiuiion.
was made for the amendments eliminated,
Representative Underwood's
proposal to restore the tax of 2 cents
a gallon on gasoline being rejected.
This action fixed the estimated annual
revenue at approximately $90,*000,000
instead of $105,000,000, as it
first contemplated.
T.o.cjHo'tc in hnr Vi Viaiicap t /-> m i H
o iu >;vuxx iivuoto
planned to expedite adoption of the
conference report so t~at Congress
fmigl:t adjourn tomorrow night. The ,3
agreement will be reported to the
house at 10 o'clock tomorrow morning
and will be taken up in the senate
immediately after the house acts.
Tax on Beer.
+ 9i
The revenue bill agreement fixed tee
tax on beer at $1.50 a barrel, with the
senate amendment for a 5 per cent re'bate
for prompt payment eliminated.
The senate amendment reducing the
proposed tax on bank capital and surplus
from $2 to $1 a thousand was retained.
*Tl:e senate proposal to tax
domestic sweet and dry wines 8 cents
a gallon with a tax of 55 cents a galIon
on brandies used in the fortification
of wines also was retained. The
senate, amendlment increasing the tax
on tobacco manufacturers and dealers
ni'c ri or ?? /> /\ /-I I rv n n tt'i f V> I a.v a "4
v\ a deicru i/Vj aiiu wiuu
the stamp taxes were not disturbed.
Stock brokers will be taxed $30 a year
instead of $50. The graduated tax on
theatres also was changed slightly,
the final rates .being as follows:
Theatres wi'rt a seating capacity of
250 or less will pay $25 a year; 500
capacity $50; 800 capacity $75; more
than 800 capicity $100 a year.
A Charming Function.
OF tVio rnonv cn/?io1 f-iinMi/vne +liof
vy i biiv 4**1% v v/iui IUUVUVUO laical,
have enlr?>ened the social pleasures
and gaieties of our city, none was
more charmingly carried out than the
one given by Miss Fannie Holloway at ^
her hospitable home in East Johnstone
street on last Wednesday afternoon to
her charming cousin, Miss Edna Hipp,
(whose marriage to Dr. Jesse O'Neal
^Wlilsbn Wtdctaj haippy event is announced
to take place on November
3. The guests were inviteid in to the
Jparlor which was decorated in pink
and white roses/ After meeting the
toride-to-ibe each guest was given a
Ipage repr?seatiing some period in the
Ufe of the bride elect and asked to
illustrate it with pictures. These bound
in book form, were given to the brideelect.
A four course luncheon was
served in the dining room, which was
IKoo 1 -in i + e rv-f vpll/vw
'autumn leaves?the table had for a
tenterpiece a wi'ndte basket filled with
snowy white chrysanthemums around
which circled dainty bride souvenirs
for each guest. The guest of honor
being presented with botf'.v bride and
groom. Just before leaving the bride
iwas showered with many dainty little
gifts '.rom her friends.
MARKETS BUREAU
PASSES I* HOUSE
The Warren-Sliirley-Gasrjue Measure
>ot Oposed.
The State.
ine aouse passe^ lq uura reaums
last night the Warren-iSiirley-Gasque
bill, creating a State marketing bureau,
under the supervision of the
State department of agriculture, commerce
and industries. The measure
is intended to iheflp farmers find a
market lor crops.
Brief measure as drafted provides
for twenty-five*million dollar bond is

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